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Xunyao Wu, Zhigang Tian
Gut microbiota play an essential role in shaping immune cell responses. The liver was continuously exposed to metabolic products of intestinal commensal bacterial through portal vein and alteration of gut commensal bateria was always associated with increased risk of liver inflammation and autoimmune disease. Considered as a unique immunological organ, the liver is enriched with a large number of innate immune cells. Herein, we summarize the available literature of gut microbiota in shaping the response of hepatic innate immune cells including NKT cells, NK cells, γδ T cells and Kupffer cells during health and disease...
November 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Oren Contreras-Rodriguez, Juan Verdejo-Roman, Jose Mora-Gonzalez, Jairo H Migueles, Pontus Henriksson, Catherine L Davis, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia, Andrés Catena, Francisco B Ortega
Obesity, as compared to normal weight, is associated with detectable structural differences in the brain. To the best of our knowledge, no previous study has examined the association of physical fitness with gray matter volume in overweight/obese children using whole brain analyses. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the association between the key components of physical fitness (i.e. cardiorespiratory fitness, speed-agility and muscular fitness) and brain structural volume, and to assess whether fitness-related changes in brain volumes are related to academic performance in overweight/obese children...
August 5, 2017: NeuroImage
Hasan Tanguler, Serkan Selli, Kemal Sen, Turgut Cabaroglu, Huseyin Erten
Shalgam, a traditional red, cloudy and sour soft beverage, is produced by lactic acid fermentation of black carrot, sourdough, salt, bulgur flour, turnip and adequate water. The present study was designed to characterize the volatile compounds of shalgam obtained from different methods. The aroma compounds of shalgams produced by traditional and direct methods, and addition of Lactic acid bateria (LAB) cultures were examined. Volatile components of shalgam samples were extracted by liquid-liquid extraction technique with pentane/dichloromethane and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
P Duque, J Oltra-Cucarella, O Fernandez, J Sepulcre, Grupo de Estudio de la Bateria Neuropsicologica Breve En la Esclerosis Multiple Grupo de Estudio de la Bateria Neuropsicologica Breve En la Esclerosis Multiple
INTRODUCTION: Interpretation of the performance on cognitive tests for neuropsychological assessment in multiple sclerosis (MS) differs according to the educational level of the examinee. AIMS: To provide normative data for the Brief Neuropsychological Battery (BNB) for MS stratified by age and education, as well as to demonstrate the utility of the battery for discriminating between healthy controls and patients with MS. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data from 701 healthy volunteers from the original normative sample were stratified by age and education using regression analyses of standard scores...
February 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
Claudio Hernández Mosqueira, Dagoberto Hernández Vasquez, Alexis Caniuqueo Vargas, Humberto Castillo Quezada, Sandro Fernandes Da Silva, Gustavo Pavez-Adasme, Cristian Martínez Salazar, Jaime Cárcamo-Oyarzún, José Fernandes Filho
Introducción: Chile en las últimas décadas ha experimentado un cambio en su perfil epidemiológico nutricional, pasando de una situación caracterizada por una elevada prevalencia de desnutrición y enfermedades infecciosas/parasitarias a otro completamente distinto, en donde las enfermedades crónicas y degenerativas presentan una elevada prevalencia.Objetivo: el objetivo del estudio es elaborar tablas de referencia de aspectos antropométricos y de condición física en estudiantes varones de 10 a 14 años de la ciudad de Chillán...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Alejandro Martínez-Baena, Daniel Mayorga-Vega, Jesús Viciana
Introducción: el aumento de la motivación hacia la Educación Física podría resultar un elemento esencial para propiciar un incremento en la condición física saludable de los escolares. La ausencia de estudios en población española hace necesario el desarrollo de esta línea de investigación.Objetivos: el objetivo del presente estudio fue examinar la asociación entre la motivación hacia la Educación Física y los niveles de condición física saludable en adolescentes de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria...
July 19, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Katharine H Zeiders, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Laudan B Jahromi, Kimberly A Updegraff, Rebecca M B White
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether cumulative family discrimination and acculturation stress (prenatally to 24 months postpartum) among Mexican-origin adolescent mothers and their mother-figures predicted children's socio-emotional functioning and academic achievement at 5 years of age, and the role of maternal depressive symptoms and mother-child interactions in the association. METHOD: Mexican-origin families (N = 204) with an adolescent mother, a child, and a mother-figure participated in a 6-wave longitudinal study (2007-2013)...
September 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Kandia Lewis, Lia E Sandilos, Carol Scheffner Hammer, Brook E Sawyer, Lucía I Méndez
RESEARCH FINDINGS: This study explored the relations between Spanish-English dual language learner (DLL) children's home language and literacy experiences and their expressive vocabulary and oral comprehension abilities in Spanish and in English. Data from Spanish-English mothers of 93 preschool-age Head Start children who resided in central Pennsylvania were analyzed. Children completed the Picture Vocabulary and Oral Comprehension subtests of the Batería III Woodcock-Muñoz and the Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Achievement...
2016: Early Education and Development
Rui Manuel Carreteiro, João Manuel Justo, Ana Paula Figueira
Home literacy environment explains between 12 and 18.5 % of the variance of children's language skills. Although most authors agree that children whose parents encourage them to read tend to develop better and earlier reading skills, some authors consider that the impact of family environment in reading skills is overvalued. Probably, other variables of parent-child relationship, like parenting styles, might be relevant for this field. Nevertheless, no previous studies on the effect of parenting styles in literacy have been found...
August 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
Ahmed F Fasfous, Maria Isabel Peralta-Ramirez, María Nieves Pérez-Marfil, Francisco Cruz-Quintana, Andrés Catena-Martinez, Miguel Pérez-García
Batería de Evaluación Neuropsicológica Infantil (BENCI) is a computerized battery for the neuropsychological evaluation of children. This battery has been used in different studies to evaluate neuropsychological functions and neurodevelopment in children. The objective of this study is to test the validity and reliability of the first Arabic version of the BENCI on an Arabic population where neuropsychological tests are very scarce. We administrate the BENCI to 198 school-age children (98 boys and 100 girls) from Morocco...
2015: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
M P Salguero-Alcañiz, J R Alameda-Bailén
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive neuropsychology focuses on the concepts of dissociation and double dissociation. The performance of number processing and calculation tasks by patients with acquired brain injury can be used to characterise the way in which the healthy cognitive system manipulates number symbols and quantities. The objective of this study is to determine the components of the numerical processing and calculation system. METHODS: Participants consisted of 6 patients with acquired brain injuries in different cerebral localisations...
April 2015: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
C Talero-Gutiérrez, J M Sánchez-Torres, A Velez-van-Meerbeke
INTRODUCTION: Although cognitive and learning disorders have been described in patients with epilepsy, very few studies focus on specific disorders such as absence epilepsy. The aim of this study was to evaluate learning skills and academic performance in children and adolescents with absence epilepsy. METHODS: Observational case-control study. Cases were chosen from the Central League against Epilepsy's clinic in Bogotá, Colombia. Controls were selected from a private school and matched with cases by age, school year, and sex...
March 2015: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
Sandra Vanotti, Evangelina Valeria Cores, Barbara Eizaguirre, Luciana Melamud, Raúl Rey, Andrés Villa
UNLABELLED: The aim of the present research was to investigate cognitive pattern of patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and to compare it with multiple sclerosis (MS) patients' performance. METHODS: Fourteen NMO, 14 relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), and 14 healthy control patients participated in the investigation. Neuropsychological functions were evaluated with the Brief Repeatable Neuropsychological Battery for MS; Symbol Digit Modalities Test; Digit Span; and Semantic Fluency...
June 2013: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
P Duque, J Ibanez, A Del Barco, J Sepulcre, E de Ramon, O Fernandez-Fernandez et al.
INTRODUCTION. The current batteries such as the Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Tests (BRB-N) for evaluating cognitive decline in patients with multiple sclerosis are complex and time-consuming. AIM. To obtain normative values and validate a new battery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Four neuropsychological tests were finally included (episodic memory, the Symbol-Digit Modalities Test, a category fluency test, and the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test). Normative values (overall and by age group) were derived by administering the battery to healthy subjects (5th percentile was the limit of normal)...
March 1, 2012: Revista de Neurologia
Philip Gerard Gasquoine, Cassandra Dayanira Gonzalez
Conventional neuropsychological norms developed for monolinguals likely overestimate normal performance in bilinguals on language but not visual-perceptual format tests. This was studied by comparing neuropsychological false-positive rates using the 50th percentile of conventional norms and individual comparison standards (Picture Vocabulary or Matrix Reasoning scores) as estimates of preexisting neuropsychological skill level against the number expected from the normal distribution for a consecutive sample of 56 neurologically intact, bilingual, Hispanic Americans...
May 2012: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Cori M Green, Samantha B Berkule, Benard P Dreyer, Arthur H Fierman, Harris S Huberman, Perri E Klass, Suzy Tomopoulos, Hsiang Shonna Yin, Lesley M Morrow, Alan L Mendelsohn
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal literacy level accounts for associations between educational level and the cognitive home environment in low-income families. DESIGN: Analysis of 369 mother-infant dyads participating in a long-term study related to early child development. SETTING: Urban public hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Low-income mothers of 6-month-old infants. MAIN EXPOSURE: Maternal literacy level was assessed using the Woodcock-Johnson III/Bateria III Woodcock-Munoz Tests of Achievement, Letter-Word Identification Test...
September 2009: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine
E Carbonnelle
Despite breakthroughs in the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases, meningitis still remains an important cause of mortality and morbidity. An accurate and rapid diagnosis of acute bacterial meningitis is essential for a good outcome. The gold-standard test for diagnosis is CSF analysis. Gram staining of CSF reveals bacteria in about 50 to 80 % of cases and cultures are positive in at best 80 % of cases. However, the sensitivity of both tests is less than 50 % in patients who are already on antibiotic treatment...
July 2009: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
Rochele Paz Fonseca, Yves Joanette, Hélène Côté, Bernadette Ska, Francine Giroux, Jandyra Maria Guimarães Fachel, Gabriela Damasceno Ferreira, Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta Parente
The lack of standardized instruments to evaluate communication disorders related to the right hemisphere was verified. A new evaluation tool was developed: Protocole Montréal d'Evaluation de la Communication--Protocole MEC, adapted to Brazilian Portuguese--Bateria Montreal de Avaliação da Comunicação--Bateria MAC (Montreal Evaluation of Communication Battery). The purpose was to present stratified normative data by age and educational level, and to verify the reliability parameters of the MEC Battery. 300 individuals, between the ages of 19 and 75 years, and levels of formal education between 2 and 35 years, participated in this study...
November 2008: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Ma Dolores Zamarrón Cassinello, Luis Tárraga Mestre, Rocío Fernández-Ballesteros
The main purpose of this article is to examine whether cognitive plasticity increases after cognitive training in Alzheimer's disease patients. Twenty six patients participated in this study, all of them diagnosed with mild Alzheimer's disease, 17 of them received a cognitive training program during 6 months, and the other 9 were assigned to the control group. Participants were assigned to experimental or control conditions for clinical reasons. In order to assess cognitive plasticity, all patients were assessed before and after treatment with three subtests from the "Bateria de Evaluación de Potencial de Aprendizaje en Demencias" [Assessment Battery of Learning Potential in Dementia] (BEPAD)...
August 2008: Psicothema
H A Burling, M Levine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1918: American Journal of Public Health: the Journal of the American Public Health Association
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