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Alejandro Martínez-Baena, Daniel Mayorga-Vega, Jesús Viciana
Introducción: el aumento de la motivación hacia la Educación Física podría resultar un elemento esencial para propiciar un incremento en la condición física saludable de los escolares. La ausencia de estudios en población española hace necesario el desarrollo de esta línea de investigación.Objetivos: el objetivo del presente estudio fue examinar la asociación entre la motivación hacia la Educación Física y los niveles de condición física saludable en adolescentes de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Katharine H Zeiders, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Laudan B Jahromi, Kimberly A Updegraff, Rebecca M B White
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether cumulative family discrimination and acculturation stress (prenatally to 24 months postpartum) among Mexican-origin adolescent mothers and their mother-figures predicted children's socio-emotional functioning and academic achievement at 5 years of age, and the role of maternal depressive symptoms and mother-child interactions in the association. METHOD: Mexican-origin families (N = 204) with an adolescent mother, a child, and a mother-figure participated in a 6-wave longitudinal study (2007-2013)...
September 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Kandia Lewis, Lia E Sandilos, Carol Scheffner Hammer, Brook E Sawyer, Lucía I Méndez
RESEARCH FINDINGS: This study explored the relations between Spanish-English dual language learner (DLL) children's home language and literacy experiences and their expressive vocabulary and oral comprehension abilities in Spanish and in English. Data from Spanish-English mothers of 93 preschool-age Head Start children who resided in central Pennsylvania were analyzed. Children completed the Picture Vocabulary and Oral Comprehension subtests of the Batería III Woodcock-Muñoz and the Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Achievement...
2016: Early Education and Development
Rui Manuel Carreteiro, João Manuel Justo, Ana Paula Figueira
Home literacy environment explains between 12 and 18.5 % of the variance of children's language skills. Although most authors agree that children whose parents encourage them to read tend to develop better and earlier reading skills, some authors consider that the impact of family environment in reading skills is overvalued. Probably, other variables of parent-child relationship, like parenting styles, might be relevant for this field. Nevertheless, no previous studies on the effect of parenting styles in literacy have been found...
August 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
Ahmed F Fasfous, Maria Isabel Peralta-Ramirez, María Nieves Pérez-Marfil, Francisco Cruz-Quintana, Andrés Catena-Martinez, Miguel Pérez-García
Batería de Evaluación Neuropsicológica Infantil (BENCI) is a computerized battery for the neuropsychological evaluation of children. This battery has been used in different studies to evaluate neuropsychological functions and neurodevelopment in children. The objective of this study is to test the validity and reliability of the first Arabic version of the BENCI on an Arabic population where neuropsychological tests are very scarce. We administrate the BENCI to 198 school-age children (98 boys and 100 girls) from Morocco...
2015: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
M P Salguero-Alcañiz, J R Alameda-Bailén
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive neuropsychology focuses on the concepts of dissociation and double dissociation. The performance of number processing and calculation tasks by patients with acquired brain injury can be used to characterise the way in which the healthy cognitive system manipulates number symbols and quantities. The objective of this study is to determine the components of the numerical processing and calculation system. METHODS: Participants consisted of 6 patients with acquired brain injuries in different cerebral localisations...
April 2015: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
C Talero-Gutiérrez, J M Sánchez-Torres, A Velez-van-Meerbeke
INTRODUCTION: Although cognitive and learning disorders have been described in patients with epilepsy, very few studies focus on specific disorders such as absence epilepsy. The aim of this study was to evaluate learning skills and academic performance in children and adolescents with absence epilepsy. METHODS: Observational case-control study. Cases were chosen from the Central League against Epilepsy's clinic in Bogotá, Colombia. Controls were selected from a private school and matched with cases by age, school year, and sex...
March 2015: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
Sandra Vanotti, Evangelina Valeria Cores, Barbara Eizaguirre, Luciana Melamud, Raúl Rey, Andrés Villa
UNLABELLED: The aim of the present research was to investigate cognitive pattern of patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and to compare it with multiple sclerosis (MS) patients' performance. METHODS: Fourteen NMO, 14 relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), and 14 healthy control patients participated in the investigation. Neuropsychological functions were evaluated with the Brief Repeatable Neuropsychological Battery for MS; Symbol Digit Modalities Test; Digit Span; and Semantic Fluency...
June 2013: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
P Duque, J Ibanez, A Del Barco, J Sepulcre, E de Ramon, O Fernandez-Fernandez et al.
INTRODUCTION. The current batteries such as the Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Tests (BRB-N) for evaluating cognitive decline in patients with multiple sclerosis are complex and time-consuming. AIM. To obtain normative values and validate a new battery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Four neuropsychological tests were finally included (episodic memory, the Symbol-Digit Modalities Test, a category fluency test, and the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test). Normative values (overall and by age group) were derived by administering the battery to healthy subjects (5th percentile was the limit of normal)...
March 1, 2012: Revista de Neurologia
Philip Gerard Gasquoine, Cassandra Dayanira Gonzalez
Conventional neuropsychological norms developed for monolinguals likely overestimate normal performance in bilinguals on language but not visual-perceptual format tests. This was studied by comparing neuropsychological false-positive rates using the 50th percentile of conventional norms and individual comparison standards (Picture Vocabulary or Matrix Reasoning scores) as estimates of preexisting neuropsychological skill level against the number expected from the normal distribution for a consecutive sample of 56 neurologically intact, bilingual, Hispanic Americans...
May 2012: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Cori M Green, Samantha B Berkule, Benard P Dreyer, Arthur H Fierman, Harris S Huberman, Perri E Klass, Suzy Tomopoulos, Hsiang Shonna Yin, Lesley M Morrow, Alan L Mendelsohn
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal literacy level accounts for associations between educational level and the cognitive home environment in low-income families. DESIGN: Analysis of 369 mother-infant dyads participating in a long-term study related to early child development. SETTING: Urban public hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Low-income mothers of 6-month-old infants. MAIN EXPOSURE: Maternal literacy level was assessed using the Woodcock-Johnson III/Bateria III Woodcock-Munoz Tests of Achievement, Letter-Word Identification Test...
September 2009: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine
E Carbonnelle
Despite breakthroughs in the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases, meningitis still remains an important cause of mortality and morbidity. An accurate and rapid diagnosis of acute bacterial meningitis is essential for a good outcome. The gold-standard test for diagnosis is CSF analysis. Gram staining of CSF reveals bacteria in about 50 to 80 % of cases and cultures are positive in at best 80 % of cases. However, the sensitivity of both tests is less than 50 % in patients who are already on antibiotic treatment...
July 2009: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
Rochele Paz Fonseca, Yves Joanette, Hélène Côté, Bernadette Ska, Francine Giroux, Jandyra Maria Guimarães Fachel, Gabriela Damasceno Ferreira, Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta Parente
The lack of standardized instruments to evaluate communication disorders related to the right hemisphere was verified. A new evaluation tool was developed: Protocole Montréal d'Evaluation de la Communication--Protocole MEC, adapted to Brazilian Portuguese--Bateria Montreal de Avaliação da Comunicação--Bateria MAC (Montreal Evaluation of Communication Battery). The purpose was to present stratified normative data by age and educational level, and to verify the reliability parameters of the MEC Battery. 300 individuals, between the ages of 19 and 75 years, and levels of formal education between 2 and 35 years, participated in this study...
November 2008: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Ma Dolores Zamarrón Cassinello, Luis Tárraga Mestre, Rocío Fernández-Ballesteros
The main purpose of this article is to examine whether cognitive plasticity increases after cognitive training in Alzheimer's disease patients. Twenty six patients participated in this study, all of them diagnosed with mild Alzheimer's disease, 17 of them received a cognitive training program during 6 months, and the other 9 were assigned to the control group. Participants were assigned to experimental or control conditions for clinical reasons. In order to assess cognitive plasticity, all patients were assessed before and after treatment with three subtests from the "Bateria de Evaluación de Potencial de Aprendizaje en Demencias" [Assessment Battery of Learning Potential in Dementia] (BEPAD)...
August 2008: Psicothema
H A Burling, M Levine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1918: American Journal of Public Health: the Journal of the American Public Health Association
Philip Gerard Gasquoine, Kristin L Croyle, Cynthia Cavazos-Gonzalez, Omar Sandoval
This study compared the performance of Hispanic American bilingual adults on Spanish and English language versions of a neuropsychological test battery. Language achievement test scores were used to divide 36 bilingual, neurologically intact, Hispanic Americans from south Texas into Spanish-dominant, balanced, and English-dominant bilingual groups. They were administered the eight subtests of the Bateria Neuropsicologica and the Matrix Reasoning subtest of the WAIS-III in Spanish and English. Half the participants were tested in Spanish first...
November 2007: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Robert W Schrauf, Sandra Weintraub, Ellen Navarro
Adaptations of the National Adult Reading Test (NART) for assessing premorbid intelligence in languages other than English requires (a) generating word-items that are rare and do not follow grapheme-to-phoneme mappings common in that language, and (b) subsequent validation against a cognitive battery normed on the population of interest. Such tests exist for Italy, France, Spain, and Argentina, all normed against national versions of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. Given the varieties of Spanish spoken in the United States, the adaptation of the Spanish Word Accentuation Test (WAT) requires re-validating the original word list, plus possible new items, against a cognitive battery that has been normed on Spanish-speakers from many countries...
May 2006: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
Fahinur Ertuğrul, Rengin Eltem, Cemal Eronat
PURPOSE: The restorative materials amalgam (Standalloy F) and glass ionomer cements (Chelon Silver) were comparatively investigated to determine the number of mutans streptococci METHODS: Saliva and plaque were collected from patients before and 40 days after the insertion of their restorations. RESULTS: Total bateria and mutans streptococci counts were found to be statistically significantly reduced when compared with the prerestoration counts in the saliva samples (P<0...
January 2003: Journal of Dentistry for Children
M Cercel
In a screening program, a number of different bacterial strains with the ability to utilize methanol as a sole carbon and energy source were isolated and described. They are well known methanol utilizing genera Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, Micrococcus, Methylomonas or, on the contrary, the new, unknown genera and species of methylotrophic bacteria. In the last category, Acinetobacter and Alcaligenes are the new reported genera of organisms able to use methanol as a sole carbon and energy source. The present paper reports the very complex physiological and biochemical modifications when very versatile bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus are cultured on methanol and when the obligate methylotrophic state is compared with the facultative methylotrophic state of the same bacterial strain...
January 1999: Roumanian Archives of Microbiology and Immunology
M Rosselli, A Ardila, J R Bateman, M Guzmán
Limited information is currently available about performance of Spanish-speaking children on different neuropsychological tests. This study was designed to (a) analyze the effects of age and sex on different neuropsychological test scores of a randomly selected sample of Spanish-speaking children, (b) analyze the value of neuropsychological test scores for predicting school performance, and (c) describe the neuropsychological profile of Spanish-speaking children with learning disabilities (LD). Two hundred ninety (141 boys, 149 girls) 6- to 11-year-old children were selected from a school in Bogotá, Colombia...
2001: Developmental Neuropsychology
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