Read by QxMD icon Read


Klára Stašková, Alan Bulava, Richard Tesařík, František Toušek
INTRODUCTION: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFA) has recently become a routine part of atrial fibrillation (AF) treatment. The goal of our study was to determine whether the implementation of RFA of AF under general anesthesia (GA), compared to analgosedation (AS), will affect important characteristics of the ablation procedure, comfort of the patient and whether there is any clinical impact on the complication rate and the overall success of the procedure. METHODS: 50 patients with AF were randomized in a ratio of 1 : 1 into two groups for RFA in AS and in GA...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Pamela K Burcham, Alan J Rozycki, Erik E Abel
Despite the immense growth in extracorporeal life support (ECLS) technology and experience, opportunity remains to better characterize the pharmacotherapeutic considerations during ECLS. Analgosedation can be particularly challenging in the ECLS population due to in drug-circuit interactions that may lead to decreased systemic concentrations and pharmacodynamic effect. ECLS also requires the use of antithrombotic agents to mitigate the prothrombotic state created by the artificial surface in the ECLS circuit...
February 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
Robert Musiał, Magdalena Lipińska-Strasik, Agnieszka Piątkiewicz, Jarosław Stoliński, Rafał Drwiła
BACKGROUND: The authors present their own experience of the treatment of patients qualified for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) carried out in a modern hybrid operating room. The objective of the present study was to demonstrate the initial results of conducting anaesthesia in high-risk patients qualified for the TAVI procedure (transcatheter aortic valve implantation). In addition, the authors' aim was also to point out to the special challenges of an anaesthesiologist conducting local anaesthesia in such a type of procedures and to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the TAVI procedure conducted under remifentanil analgosedation...
February 14, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
K Hronová, P Pokorná, L Posch, O Slanař
Our aim was to describe the effect of dosing and genetic factors on sufentanil- and midazolam-induced analgosedation and withdrawal syndrome (WS) in pediatric population. Analgosedation and withdrawal syndrome development were monitored using COMFORT-neo/-B scores and SOS score. Length of therapy, dosing of sufentanil and midazolam were recorded. Genotypes of selected candidate polymorphisms in CYP3A5, COMT, ABCB1, OPRM1 and PXR were analysed. In the group of 30 neonates and 18 children, longer treatment duration with midazolam of 141 h (2 - 625) vs...
December 21, 2016: Physiological Research
Vasilije Stambolija, Martina Miklić Bublić, Marin Lozić, Zvonka Gužvinec, Miroslav Vukić
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Lesly Jurado, Micheal Strein, Lisa Hall Zimmerman, Joshua Steelman, Steven Nakajima, Charleen Gnisci, Zachery Bullard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Jenna Smith, Elizabeth Gearhart, Svetolik Djurkovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Catherine Duclos, Marie Dumont, Marie-Julie Potvin, Alex Desautels, Danielle Gilbert, David K Menon, Francis Bernard, Nadia Gosselin
BACKGROUND: Sleep-wake disturbances are frequently reported following traumatic brain injury (TBI), but they remain poorly documented in the acute stage of injury. Little is known about their origin and evolution. CASE PRESENTATION: This study presents the case of a patient in the acute phase of a severe TBI. The patient was injured at work when falling 12 m into a mine and was hospitalized in the regular wards of a level I trauma centre. From days 31 to 45 post-injury, once he had reached a level of medical stability and continuous analgosedation had been ceased, his sleep-wake cycle was monitored using actigraphy...
September 27, 2016: BMC Neurology
Andrew C Faust, Pearl Rajan, Lyndsay A Sheperd, Carlos A Alvarez, Phyllis McCorstin, Rebecca L Doebele
BACKGROUND: Recent attention to adverse effects of intensive care unit (ICU) sedation has led to the use of strategies that target a "lighter" depth of sedation. Among these strategies are "analgosedation" protocols, which prioritize pain management and preferentially use IV opioids before administration of continuously infused sedatives such as propofol or midazolam. We hypothesized that using an analgosedation protocol would result in a shorter duration of mechanical ventilation than a protocol with greater emphasis on IV sedatives METHODS: : We conducted a retrospective study comparing the duration of mechanical ventilation before and after implementation of an analgosedation protocol in a 24-bed medical ICU...
October 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Dan Bieler, Axel Franke, Rolf Lefering, Sebastian Hentsch, Arnulf Willms, Martin Kulla, Erwin Kollig
PURPOSE: The role of emergency physicians in the pre-hospital management of severely injured patients remains controversial. In Germany and Austria, an emergency physician is present at the scene of an emergency situation or is called to such a scene in order to provide pre-hospital care to severely injured patients in approximately 95% of all cases. By contrast, in the United States and the United Kingdom, paramedics, i.e. non-physician teams, usually provide care to an injured person both at the scene of an incident and en route to an appropriate hospital...
January 2017: Injury
Monique van Dijk, Erwin Ista, Dick Tibboel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Karel Balihar, Eva Janská, Lucie Zdrhová, Jan Kotyza, Václav Hejda, Jana Koželuhová
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a minimally invasive routine procedure used to provide long-term enteral nutrition in selected patients with impaired oral intake. The knowledge of clinical, technical and safety features of PEG is an important issue in clinical practice.The aim of this study was to evaluate the popu-lation of patients selected for PEG insertion, describe certain aspects of the insertion procedure, assess the service life of PEG, as well as account for the number of complications and patient mortality in the six-month period following the procedure...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Anne Smits, John N van den Anker, Karel Allegaert
OBJECTIVES: To propose approaches tailored to the specific needs of neonates, such as structured product development programmes, with the ultimate goal to improve the safe and effective use of analgosedatives in these fragile patients. KEY FINDINGS: The feasibility and relevance of a structured product development programme in neonates (optimal study design based on preliminary data; model development; internal, external and prospective evaluation; an individualized dosing regimen; long-term safety; pharmacogenetics) are illustrated for the use of morphine...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Yasuhiro Kuroda
This update comprises six important topics under neurocritical care that require reevaluation. For post-cardiac arrest brain injury, the evaluation of the injury and its corresponding therapy, including temperature modulation, is required. Analgosedation for target temperature management is an essential strategy to prevent shivering and minimizes endogenous stress induced by catecholamine surges. For severe traumatic brain injury, the diverse effects of therapeutic hypothermia depend on the complicated pathophysiology of the condition...
2016: Journal of Intensive Care
Tara L Sacco, Brenton LaRiccia
Trauma patients experience pain and agitation during their hospitalization. Many complications have been noted both in the absence of symptom management and the in presence of oversedation/narcotization. To combat noted untoward effects of pain and sedation management, an interprofessional team convened to develop a pain and sedation guideline for use in a trauma intensive care unit. Guideline development began with a comprehensive review of the literature. With the input of unit stakeholders, a nurse-driven analgosedation guideline was implemented for a 6-month trial...
May 2016: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
Ryan Wiatrowski, Colleen Norton, David Giffen
Sedation practices in the critical care unit have been trending toward lighter sedation since the start of the new millennium, but patients continue to experience inadequate pain management and excessive sedation. This paper includes a brief examination of the problem of pain management in the ICU; trends in sedation practices, including light sedation and the daily interruption of sedation; and a literature review of analgosedation. While the analgosedation literature is relatively sparse, it offers a promising, patient-centered method for managing the triad of pain, agitation, and delirium, while reducing common complications associated with long-term ventilation...
June 2016: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Julie Stephens, Michael Wright
Pain and agitation may be difficult to assess in a critically ill patient. Pain is best assessed by self-reporting pain scales; but in patients who are unable to communicate, behavioral pain scales seem to have benefit. Patients' sedation level should be assessed each shift and preferably by a validated ICU tool, such as the RASS or SAS scale. Pain is most appropriately treated with the use of opiates, and careful consideration should be given to the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of various analgesics to determine the optimal agent for each individual patient...
March 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
H Lemm, M Janusch, M Buerke
Patients with cardiogenic shock pose a challenge to physicians due to cardiorespiratory instability in addition to the underlying medical condition. If analgosedation and ventilation are indicated, commonly administered drugs themselves often influence hemodynamics and oxygenation. The present article provides an overview of the available substances with consideration of the patients' condition, then monitoring and optimization of analgosedation.
February 2016: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
Ulrike Flierl, Philipp Röntgen, Florian Zauner, Jörn Tongers, Dominik Berliner, Johann Bauersachs, Andreas Schäfer
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the leading cause for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Therapeutic hypothermia improves neurological outcome in combination with early revascularisation, but seems to affect clopidogrel responsiveness. The more potent thienopyridine prasugrel has not yet been sufficiently evaluated during therapeutic hypothermia. We investigated 23 consecutive AMI patients (61 ± 11 years) following out-of-hospital resuscitation undergoing revascularisation and therapeutic hypothermia. Prasugrel efficacy was assessed by the platelet-reactivity-index (PRI) before and 2, 4, 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours (h) following a loading dose of 60 mg via a gastric tube...
May 2, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Asad E Patanwala, Jennifer R Martin, Brian L Erstad
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence for the use of intravenous ketamine for analgosedation in the intensive care unit. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were queried from inception until July 2015. Search terms used included ketamine, intensive care, and critical care. The search retrieved 584 articles to be screened for inclusion. The intent was to include randomized controlled studies using sustained intravenous infusions (>24 hours) of ketamine in the critically ill patients...
December 8, 2015: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"