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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322103/a-national-survey-of-mri-safety-practices-in-ghana
#1
Albert Dayor Piersson, Philip Nii Gorleku
Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess current MRI safety practices among MRI facilities in Ghana, and their compliance with the 2013 American College of Radiology (ACR) guidance document on MR safe practices. Material and methods: A questionnaire developed from the 2013 ACR Guidance Document was used to collect information on magnetic field strengths, MR safety policy and compliance, patient screening, emergency preparedness, infection control, MRI safety accessories, equipment safety, signage and barriers, report of adverse incidents, and access and communication...
December 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317004/superstorm-sandy-s-impact-on-the-provision-of-wic-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-services-in-new-york-state
#2
Michelle Wemette, Asante Shipp Hilts, Stephanie R Mack, Yunshu Li, Millicent Eidson, Loretta A Santilli, Trang Nguyen, Guthrie S Birkhead
OBJECTIVE: Services provided by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) were interrupted in 2012 when Superstorm Sandy struck New York State (NYS). The present study evaluates the impact on WIC providers. DESIGN: A focus group, telephone interviews and anonymous online survey were conducted. Qualitative data were analysed by coding transcribed text into key words and identifying major and minor themes for strengths, challenges and recommendations using national public health preparedness capabilities...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315385/seeking-assistance-in-later-life-how-do-older-people-evaluate-their-need-for-assistance
#3
Krysia Canvin, Catherine A MacLeod, Gill Windle, Amanda Sacker
Background: legislation places an onus on local authorities to be aware of care needs in their locality and to prevent and reduce care and support needs. The existing literature overlooks ostensibly 'healthy' and/or non-users of specific services, non-health services and informal assistance and therefore inadequately explains what happens before or instead of individuals seeking services. We sought to address these gaps by exploring older adults' accounts of seeking assistance in later life...
January 5, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306614/emergency-nurses-and-department-preparedness-for-an-ebola-outbreak-a-narrative-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Mihirika Sds Pincha Baduge, Julia Morphet, Cheryle Moss
INTRODUCTION: The 2014 Ebola Virus Disease outbreak in West Africa triggered a public health emergency of international concern. Emergency departments worldwide responded with Ebola containment and preparation measures. This paper reports a literature inquiry into how emergency departments and emergency nurses prepared to manage the Ebola risk. METHOD: Narrative review was the method used. Guidelines (n = 5) for organisational and emergency department preparedness were retrieved from relevant websites...
January 3, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304039/establishing-ebola-virus-disease-evd-diagnostics-using-genexpert-technology-at-a-mobile-laboratory-in-liberia-impact-on-outbreak-response-case-management-and-laboratory-systems-strengthening
#5
Philomena Raftery, Orla Condell, Christine Wasunna, Jonathan Kpaka, Ruth Zwizwai, Mahmood Nuha, Mosoka Fallah, Maxwell Freeman, Victoria Harris, Mark Miller, April Baller, Moses Massaquoi, Victoria Katawera, John Saindon, Philip Bemah, Esther Hamblion, Evelyn Castle, Desmond Williams, Alex Gasasira, Tolbert Nyenswah
The 2014-16 Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa highlighted the necessity for readily available, accurate and rapid diagnostics. The magnitude of the outbreak and the re-emergence of clusters of EVD cases following the declaration of interrupted transmission in Liberia, reinforced the need for sustained diagnostics to support surveillance and emergency preparedness. We describe implementation of the Xpert Ebola Assay, a rapid molecular diagnostic test run on the GeneXpert platform, at a mobile laboratory in Liberia and the subsequent impact on EVD outbreak response, case management and laboratory system strengthening...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303827/transitioning-to-a-new-facility-the-crucial-role-of-employee-engagement
#6
Meredith Slosberg, Adeleh Nejati, Jennie Evans, Upali Nanda
Transitioning to a new facility can be challenging for employees and detrimental to operations. A key aspect of the transition is employee understanding of, and involvement in, the design of the new facility. The literature lacks a comprehensive study of the impact of change engagement throughout the design, construction, and activation of a project as well as how that can affect perceptions, expectations, and, eventually, satisfaction of employees. The purpose of this research was to examine employee perceptions and satisfaction throughout a hospital design, construction, and activation process...
January 2018: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302536/birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-in-pregnant-women-attending-urban-tertiary-care-hospital
#7
Vasundhara Kamineni, Anuradha D Murki, Venkata Lakshmi Kota
Background: Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BP/CR) is a strategy to promote the timely use of skilled maternal and neonatal care and is based on the theory that preparing for childbirth and being ready for complications reduce delay in obtaining care. Study Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence and predictors of birth preparedness, knowledge on danger signs, and emergency readiness among pregnant women attending outpatient clinic of a tertiary care hospital...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287974/enhancing-individual-and-community-disaster-preparedness-individuals-with-disabilities-and-others-with-access-and-functional-needs
#8
Judy Kruger, Cynthia F Hinton, Lisa Bundara Sinclair, Brenda Silverman
Preparedness planning is essential to minimizing the impact of disasters on communities and individuals. Attention to the needs of people with disabilities is vital as they have additional needs before, during and after a disaster that are specific to the disabling condition. In this Commentary, we emphasize national guidelines on disability inclusion in emergency preparedness. We examine some potential areas of planning and response that need attention as suggested by preparedness data for people with self-reported disabilities (also referred to as access and functional needs) and highlight selected resources (e...
December 13, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283954/the-local-health-department-mandate-and-capacity-for-community-engagement-in-emergency-preparedness-a-national-view-over-time
#9
Monica Schoch-Spana, Jennifer Nuzzo, Sanjana Ravi, Laura Biesiadecki, Geoffrey Mwaungulu
CONTEXT: Local health departments (LHDs) perform the highly valued, yet time- and staff-intensive work of community engagement in public health emergency preparedness (CE-PHEP) when the Great Recession has had lingering effects on their organizational capacity. OBJECTIVE: Track the extent to which LHDs still embrace collaborative, whole community approaches to PHEP in a historically low resource environment. DESIGN: National survey in 2015 of LHDs using a self-administered online questionnaire regarding LHD practices and resources for CE-PHEP first fielded in 2012 ("The Community Engagement for Public Health Emergency Preparedness Survey")...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278800/nuclear-accident-consequence-assessment-in-hong-kong-using-jrodos
#10
W H Leung, W M Ma, Philip K Y Chan
The JRODOS (Java-based Real-time Online DecisiOn Support) is a decision support system for off-site emergency management for releases of radioactive material into the environment. This paper documents the application of JRODOS by the Hong Kong Observatory in accident consequence assessment and emergency preparedness studies. For operational considerations, the most computational efficient dispersion model in JRODOS, ATSTEP, is adopted. Verification studies for JRODOS's ATSTEP model have been conducted. Comparison with tracer experiment results showed that under neutral atmospheric conditions and distances up to 50 km, the JRODOS simulation outputs were in general of the same order of magnitude with the tracer data...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274465/laboratory-preparedness-and-response-with-a-focus-on-arboviruses-in-europe
#11
REVIEW
Chantal B Reusken, Margareta Ieven, Louise Sigfrid, Isabella Eckerle, Marion Koopmans
BACKGROUND: The global health burden of arboviruses is continuously rising which results in increasing pressure on local and (inter)national laboratory infrastructures. Timely and accurate diagnosis of cases is one of the main pillars for public health and clinical responses to an arbovirus emergence. AIMS AND SOURCES: This narrative review aims to summarize recent advances and to identify needs in laboratory preparedness and response activities, with a focus on viruses transmitted by arthropods in Europe...
December 20, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251703/a-pilot-registry-of-trauma-surgeons-willing-and-ready-to-respond-to-disasters
#12
Daniel Grabo, Aaron Strumwasser, Kyle Remick, Susan Briggs
BACKGROUND: A well-defined means of organizing surgeons based on functional capabilities in disaster response has been lacking. We sought to create a pilot registry of surgeons, organized by functional capacities, available to respond to disasters in conjunction with the American College of Surgeons Operation Giving Back and to better understand their participation in disaster medicine training. METHODS: The authors conducted a survey of the members of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma and the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma aimed at establishing a pilot registry of qualified trauma surgeons available to respond to disasters...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242836/vaccination-with-a-recombinant-h7-hemagglutinin-based-influenza-virus-vaccine-induces-broadly-reactive-antibodies-in-humans
#13
Daniel Stadlbauer, Arvind Rajabhathor, Fatima Amanat, Daniel Kaplan, Abusaleh Masud, John J Treanor, Ruvim Izikson, Manon M Cox, Raffael Nachbagauer, Florian Krammer
Human influenza virus infections with avian subtype H7N9 viruses are a major public health concern and have encouraged the development of effective H7 prepandemic vaccines. In this study, baseline and postvaccination serum samples of individuals aged 18 years and older who received a recombinant H7 hemagglutinin vaccine with and without an oil-in-water emulsion (SE) adjuvant were analyzed using a panel of serological assays. While only a small proportion of individuals seroconverted to H7N9 as measured by the conventional hemagglutination inhibition assay, our data show strong induction of anti-H7 hemagglutinin antibodies as measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
November 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238121/epidemic-preparedness-and-management-a-guide-on-lassa-fever-outbreak-preparedness-plan
#14
REVIEW
Akinola Ayoola Fatiregun, Elvis Efe Isere
Epidemic prone diseases threaten public health security. These include diseases such as cholera, meningitis, and hemorrhagic fevers, especially Lassa fever for which Nigeria reports considerable morbidity and mortality annually. Interestingly, where emergency epidemic preparedness plans are in place, timely detection of outbreaks is followed by a prompt and appropriate response. Furthermore, due to the nature of spread of Lassa fever in an outbreak setting, there is the need for health-care workers to be familiar with the emerging epidemic management framework that has worked in other settings for effective preparedness and response...
January 2017: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236580/measures-of-emergency-preparedness-contributing-to-nursing-home-resilience
#15
Sandi J Lane, Elizabeth McGrady
Resilience approaches have been successfully applied in crisis management, disaster response, and high reliability organizations and have the potential to enhance existing systems of nursing home disaster preparedness. This study's purpose was to determine how the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) "Emergency Preparedness Checklist Recommended Tool for Effective Health Care Facility Planning" contributes to organizational resilience by identifying the benchmark resilience items addressed by the CMS Emergency Preparedness Checklist and items not addressed by the CMS Emergency Preparedness Checklist, and to recommend tools and processes to improve resilience for nursing homes...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236288/disaster-preparedness-biological-threats-and-treatment-options
#16
Navaneeth Narayanan, Clifton R Lacy, Joseph E Cruz, Meghan Nahass, Jonathan Karp, Joseph A Barone, Evelyn Hermes-DeSantis
Biological disasters can be natural, accidental, or intentional. Biological threats have made a lasting impact on civilization. This review will focus on agents of clinical significance, bioterrorism, and national security; specifically Category A agents (anthrax, botulism, plague, tularemia, and smallpox), as well as briefly discuss other naturally-emerging infections of public health significance including Ebola virus (also a Category A agent) and Zika virus. The role of the pharmacist in disaster preparedness and disaster response is multifaceted and important...
December 13, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235414/zikaplan-zika-preparedness-latin-american-network
#17
A Wilder-Smith, R Preet, K E Renhorn, R A Ximenes, L C Rodrigues, T Solomon, J Neyts, L Lambrechts, H Willison, R Peeling, A K Falconar, A R Precioso, J Logan, T Lang, H P Endtz, M C Erasmus, E Massad
The ongoing Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak in Latin America, the Caribbean, and the Pacific Islands has underlined the need for a coordinated research network across the whole region that can respond rapidly to address the current knowledge gaps in Zika and enhance research preparedness beyond Zika. The European Union under its Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme awarded three research consortia to respond to this need. Here we present the ZikaPLAN (Zika Preparedness Latin American Network) consortium...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232353/improving-pediatric-preparedness-in-critical-access-hospital-emergency-departments-impact-of-a-longitudinal-in-situ-simulation-program
#18
Jessica H Katznelson, Jiangxia Wang, Martha W Stevens, William A Mills
OBJECTIVES: Critical access hospitals (CAH) see few pediatric patients. Many of these hospitals do not have access to physicians with pediatric training. We sought to evaluate the impact of an in situ pediatric simulation program in the CAH emergency department setting on care team performance during resuscitation scenarios. METHODS: Five CAHs conducted 6 high-fidelity pediatric simulations over a 12-month period. Team performance was evaluated using a validated 35-item checklist representing commonly expected resuscitation team interventions...
January 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227420/us-state-public-health-departments-special-pathogen-planning
#19
Jocelyn J Herstein, Paul D Biddinger, Shawn G Gibbs, Aurora B Le, Katelyn C Jelden, Angela L Hewlett, John J Lowe
CONTEXT: US state public health departments played key roles in planning for and responding to confirmed and suspected cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) during the 2014-2016 outbreak, including designating select hospitals as high-level isolation units (HLIUs) for EVD treatment in conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. OBJECTIVE: To identify existing guidelines and perspectives of state health departments pertaining to the management and transport of patients with EVD and other highly hazardous communicable diseases (HHCDs)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219105/impact-of-extreme-weather-events-and-climate-change-for-health-and-social-care-systems
#20
REVIEW
Sarah Curtis, Alistair Fair, Jonathan Wistow, Dimitri V Val, Katie Oven
This review, commissioned by the Research Councils UK Living With Environmental Change (LWEC) programme, concerns research on the impacts on health and social care systems in the United Kingdom of extreme weather events, under conditions of climate change. Extreme weather events considered include heatwaves, coldwaves and flooding. Using a structured review method, we consider evidence regarding the currently observed and anticipated future impacts of extreme weather on health and social care systems and the potential of preparedness and adaptation measures that may enhance resilience...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
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