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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817330/readiness-to-vaccinate-critical-personnel-during-an-influenza-pandemic-united-states-2015
#1
Danielle L Moulia, Stephanie A Dopson, Sara J Vagi, Thomas J Fitzgerald, Amy Parker Fiebelkorn, Samuel B Graitcer
OBJECTIVES: To assess the readiness to vaccinate critical infrastructure personnel (CIP) involved in managing public works, emergency services, transportation, or any other system or asset that would have an immediate debilitating impact on the community if not maintained. METHODS: We analyzed self-reported planning to vaccinate CIP during an influenza pandemic with data from 2 surveys: (1) the Program Annual Progress Assessment of immunization programs and (2) the Pandemic Influenza Readiness Assessment of public health emergency preparedness programs...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816011/lessons-learnt-from-incidents-involving-the-airway-and-breathing-reported-from-australasian-emergency-departments
#2
Carmel Crock, Kim Hansen, Toby Fogg, Angela Cahill, Anita Deakin, William B Runciman
OBJECTIVE: To review incident reports relating to problems encountered during the ED management of patients with 'airway or breathing' problems, with the aim of finding and highlighting common themes within these rare events, and making recommendations to further improve patient safety in the areas in which deficiencies have been identified. METHODS: Thematic analysis of 36 incidents reported from Australasian EDs, which were related to problems with airway and breathing...
August 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814512/zoonotic-risk-pathogenesis-and-transmission-of-avian-origin-h3n2-canine-influenza-virus
#3
Hailiang Sun, Sherry Blackmon, Guohua Yang, Kaitlyn Waters, Tao Li, Ratanaporn Tangwangvivat, Yifei Xu, Daniel Shyu, Feng Wen, Jim Cooley, Lucy Senter, Xiaoxu Lin, Richard Jarman, Larry Hanson, Richard Webby, Xiu-Feng Wan
Two subtypes of influenza A virus (IAV), avian-origin canine influenza virus H3N2 (CIV-H3N2) and equine-origin CIV-H3N8, are enzootic in the canine population. Dogs have demonstrated seroconversion to diverse IAVs and naturally occurring reassortants of CIV-H3N2 and the 2009 H1N1 pandemic virus (pdmH1N1) have been isolated. We conducted a thorough phenotypic evaluation of CIV-H3N2 in order to assess its threat to human health. Using ferret-generated antisera we determined that CIV-H3N2 is antigenically distinct from contemporary human H3N2 IAVs, suggesting there may be minimal herd immunity in humans...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807486/gender-social-networks-and-stroke-preparedness-in-the-stroke-warning-information-and-faster-treatment-study
#4
Tracy E Madsen, Eric T Roberts, Heather Kuczynski, Emily Goldmann, Nina S Parikh, Bernadette Boden-Albala
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The study aimed to investigate the effect of gender on the association between social networks and stroke preparedness as measured by emergency department (ED) arrival within 3 hours of symptom onset. METHODS: As part of the Stroke Warning Information and Faster Treatment study, baseline data on demographics, social networks, and time to ED arrival were collected from 1193 prospectively enrolled stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients at Columbia University Medical Center...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806618/public-sentiment-and-discourse-about-zika-virus-on-instagram
#5
E K Seltzer, E Horst-Martz, M Lu, R M Merchant
OBJECTIVE: Social media have strongly influenced the awareness and perceptions of public health emergencies, and a considerable amount of social media content is now shared through images, rather than text alone. This content can impact preparedness and response due to the popularity and real-time nature of social media platforms. We sought to explore how the image-sharing platform Instagram is used for information dissemination and conversation during the current Zika outbreak. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective review of publicly posted images about Zika on Instagram...
August 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803583/cross-sectional-survey-of-long-term-care-facilities-in-the-rockaway-peninsula-preparedness-and-response-during-hurricane-sandy
#6
Lynn Jiang, Christopher Tedeschi, Saleena Subaiya
BACKGROUND: Few studies have described the challenges experienced by long-term care facilities (LTCFs) following Hurricane Sandy. This study examined LTCF preparedness and experiences during and after the storm. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted 2 years after Hurricane Sandy to assess LTCF demographics, preparation, and post-storm resources. Surveys were conducted at LTCFs located on the Rockaway Peninsula of New York City. All LTCFs located in a heavily affected area were approached...
August 14, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794019/development-of-virus-like-particle-vaccine-and-reporter-assay-for-zika-virus
#7
Himanshu Garg, Melina Sedano, Gabrielle Plata, Erin B Punke, Anjali Joshi
Recent worldwide outbreaks of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection and the lack of an approved vaccine raises serious concerns regarding preparedness to combat this emerging virus. We used a Virus Like Particle (VLP) based approach to develop a vaccine and a microneutralization assay against ZIKV. Synthetic C-prM-E (Capsid-preMembrane-Envelope) gene construct of ZIKV was used to generate Reporter Virus Particles (RVPs) that package GFP reporter expressing WNV replicon. The assay was adapted to 96 well format, similar to the Plaque Reduction Neutralization Test (PRNT) and showed high reproducibility with specific detection of ZIKV neutralizing antibodies...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789770/military-nurse-deployments-similarities-differences-and-resulting-issues
#8
Felecia Rivers, Sandra Gordon
BACKGROUND: Military nurses have a long history of deploying to combat and disaster. Much can be gleaned from their experiences. PURPOSE: The purpose of this secondary analysis was to explore military nurses' perceptions of similarities, differences, and resulting issues of military deployments from narratives of three previous studies. METHODS: Secondary analysis of interviews from 65 U.S. military nurses (Air Force, Army, Navy) was conducted...
July 15, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789726/disaster-coverage-predication-for-the-emerging-tethered-balloon-technology-capability-for-preparedness-detection-mitigation-and-response
#9
Saeed H Alsamhi, Mohd Samar Ansari, Navin S Rajput
OBJECTIVE: A disaster is a consequence of natural hazards and terrorist acts, which have significant potential to disrupt the entire wireless communication infrastructure. Therefore, the essential rescue squads and recovery operations during a catastrophic event will be severely debilitated. To provide efficient communication services, and to reduce casualty mortality and morbidity during the catastrophic events, we proposed the Tethered Balloon technology for disaster preparedness, detection, mitigation, and recovery assessment...
August 9, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780916/assessing-and-improving-hospital-mass-casualty-preparedness-a-no-notice-exercise
#10
Daniel A Waxman, Edward W Chan, Francesca Pillemer, Timothy Wj Smith, Mahshid Abir, Christopher Nelson
In recent years, mass-casualty incidents (MCIs) have become more frequent and deadly, while emergency department (ED) crowding has grown steadily worse and widespread. The ability of hospitals to implement an effective mass-casualty surge plan, immediately and expertly, has therefore never been more important. Yet, mass-casualty exercises tend to be highly choreographed, pre-scheduled events that provide limited insight into hospitals' true capacity to respond to a no-notice event under real-world conditions...
August 7, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780285/urgent-challenges-in-implementing-live-attenuated-influenza-vaccine
#11
REVIEW
Anika Singanayagam, Maria Zambon, Ajit Lalvani, Wendy Barclay
Conflicting reports have emerged about the effectiveness of the live attenuated influenza vaccine. The live attenuated influenza vaccine appears to protect particularly poorly against currently circulating H1N1 viruses that are derived from the 2009 pandemic H1N1 viruses. During the 2015-16 influenza season, when pandemic H1N1 was the predominant virus, studies from the USA reported a complete lack of effectiveness of the live vaccine in children. This finding led to a crucial decision in the USA to recommend that the live vaccine not be used in 2016-17 and to switch to the inactivated influenza vaccine...
August 2, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774565/immunocapture-isotope-dilution-mass-spectrometry-in-response-to-a-pandemic-influenza-threat
#12
Carrie L Pierce, Tracie L Williams, Wanda I Santana, Marnie Levine, Li-Mei Chen, Hans C Cooper, Maria I Solano, Adrian R Woolfitt, Wayne A Marasco, He Fang, Ruben O Donis, John R Barr
As a result of recent advances in mass spectrometry-based protein quantitation methods, these techniques are now poised to play a critical role in rapid formulation of pandemic influenza vaccines. Analytical techniques that have been developed and validated on seasonal influenza strains can be used to increase the quality and decrease the time required to deliver protective pandemic vaccines to the global population. The emergence of a potentially pandemic avian influenza A (H7N9) virus in March of 2013, prompted the US public health authorities and the vaccine industry to initiate production of a pre-pandemic vaccine for preparedness purposes...
July 31, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771956/knowledge-risk-perception-and-mitigation-measures-towards-ebola-virus-disease-by-potentially-exposed-bushmeat-handlers-in-north-central-nigeria-any-critical-gap
#13
N B Alhaji, S Yatswako, E Y Oddoh
The bushmeat industry has been a topic of increasing importance among public health officials for its influence on zoonotic diseases transmission, such as Ebola virus disease (EVD), a rare and severe infectious disease of humans and non-human primates. This survey assessed knowledge/awareness, risk perceptions and mitigation practices towards EVD among bushmeat handlers in north-central Nigeria. These characteristics are premise to level of preparedness against appropriate risk prevention and control. A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted between January and December 2015 on 395 bushmeat handlers...
August 3, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771648/survey-of-hospital-employees-personal-preparedness-and-willingness-to-work-following-a-disaster
#14
Jane H Brice, David Gregg, Dalton Sawyer, Julianne M Cyr
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the personal readiness of hospital staff for disasters. As many as 30% of hospital staff say that they plan not to report for work during a large-scale disaster. We sought to understand the personal disaster preparedness for hospital staff. METHODS: Surveys were distributed to the staff of a large academic tertiary-care hospital by either a paper-based version distributed through the departmental safety coordinators or a Web-based version distributed through employee e-mail services, depending on employee familiarity with and access to computer services...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771647/patients-with-access-and-functional-needs-in-a-disaster
#15
Sharon E Mace, Constance J Doyle
Individuals with special healthcare needs have some of the highest morbidity and mortality rates during disasters. Efforts to triage, transport, shelter, or treat vulnerable populations often fail to take into consideration disabilities and social situations, including caregiver availability. Communication, medical care, independence, supervision, and transportation needs should be considered in emergency preparedness planning. Inconsistencies with the definitions and scope of individuals with special healthcare needs exist...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771646/assessing-disaster-preparedness-among-select-children-s-summer-camps-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#16
Megan Chang, Alan Sielaff, Stuart Bradin, Kevin Walker, Michael Ambrose, Andrew Hashikawa
OBJECTIVE: Children's summer camps are at risk for multiple pediatric casualties during a disaster. The degree to which summer camps have instituted disaster preparedness is unknown. We assessed disaster preparedness among selected camps nationally for a range of disasters. METHODS: We partnered with a national, web-based electronic health records system to send camp leadership of 315 camp organizations a 14-question online survey of disaster preparedness. One response from each camp was selected in the following order of importance: owner, director, physician, nurse, medical technician, office staff, and other...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766475/vulnerability-of-older-adults-in-disasters-emergency-department-utilization-by-geriatric-patients-after-hurricane-sandy
#17
Sidrah Malik, David C Lee, Kelly M Doran, Corita R Grudzen, Justin Worthing, Ian Portelli, Lewis R Goldfrank, Silas W Smith
OBJECTIVE: Older adults are a potentially medically vulnerable population with increased mortality rates during and after disasters. To evaluate the impact of a natural disaster on this population, we performed a temporal and geospatial analysis of emergency department (ED) use by adults aged 65 years and older in New York City (NYC) following Hurricane Sandy's landfall. METHODS: We used an all-payer claims database to analyze demographics, insurance status, geographic distribution, and health conditions for post-disaster ED visits among older adults...
August 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764818/emergency-response-of-iranian-hospitals-against-disasters-a-practical-framework-for-improvement
#18
Ali Janati, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Edris Hasanpoor, Mobin Sokhanvar, Elaheh HaghGoshyie, Abdollah Salehi
OBJECTIVE: Hospital emergency management is a continuous process that requires monolithic integration of planning and response attempts with local and national schemes. The aim of the current study is to evaluate emergency response by hospitals against potential disasters in Tabriz, north-west Iran. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of Tabriz, in Iran, in 2016. The study population included all hospitals in Tabriz. A total of 18 hospitals were assessed...
August 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763392/four-corners-states-biomonitoring-consortium-lessons-learned-during-implementation
#19
Sanwat N Chaudhuri, Megan Broekemeier, Carrie Butler, Alexander Coyle, Kayla Iuliano, Katherine A James, Sam LeFevre
Building on a history of collaboration in environmental public health and biomonitoring activities, laboratory and environmental epidemiology leaders in Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah created the Four Corners States Biomonitoring Consortium, which is now in its third year of activities. In this article, we briefly highlight some lessons learned during the implementation phases of the consortium, including the processes of collaborating to identify common environmental exposure concerns, prioritizing those concerns, identifying cohorts and communities with potential risks of excessive exposure, developing a model for conducting exposure investigations, and the challenges presented during the implementation phases and early fieldwork activities...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760169/the-importance-of-self-efficacy-in-parental-emergency-preparedness-a-moderated-mediation-model
#20
Meagan T Ryan, Cynthia A Rohrbeck, Philip W Wirtz
OBJECTIVE: Disasters occur without warning and can have devastating consequences. Emergency preparedness can reduce negative effects. It is especially important that parents prepare, as children are particularly vulnerable after disasters. This study tested 2 hypotheses: (1) adults with more children are likely to be better prepared than those with fewer or no children because greater caretaking is linked to greater perceived threat of disaster leading to greater preparedness and (2) the strength of this mediational link varies as a function of parental self-efficacy...
August 1, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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