keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

emergency preparedness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101880/family-emergency-plan-and-preparedness-among-medical-practitioners-in-zaria-nigeria
#1
Jerry Godfrey Makama, Istifanus Anekoson Joshua, Elizabeth Jerry Makama
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the incidence of disasters in many parts of the world. Similarly, Nigeria has witnessed a recent increase of man-made disaster events such as plane crash, fire incidents, flood, and building collapse, including bomb blast orchestrated by terrorists that often create emergency situations. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate family emergency plan and preparedness among medical practitioners in Zaria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study (May-July, 2013) of medical practitioners in Zaria, Nigeria...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089098/toward-a-collaborative-model-of-pandemic-preparedness-and-response-taiwan-s-changing-approach-to-pandemics
#2
REVIEW
Jonathan Schwartz, Muh-Yong Yen
BACKGROUND: Over time, as newly emerging infectious diseases have become increasingly common and more easily spread, it has become clear that traditional response mechanisms have proven inadequate to the task of prevention and control. PURPOSE: To explore whether enhanced cooperation with local government and community institutions can effectively supplement traditional state-centric public health epidemic responses. METHODS: Drawing on Taiwan as a case study, we assess the role of the whole-of-society approach to epidemic response as arises from the collaborative governance literature...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087554/how-prepared-are-uk-medical-graduates-for-practice-a-rapid-review-of-the-literature-2009-2014
#3
Lynn V Monrouxe, Lisa Grundy, Mala Mann, Zoe John, Eleni Panagoulas, Alison Bullock, Karen Mattick
OBJECTIVE: To understand how prepared UK medical graduates are for practice and the effectiveness of workplace transition interventions. DESIGN: A rapid review of the literature (registration #CRD42013005305). DATA SOURCES: Nine major databases (and key websites) were searched in two timeframes (July-September 2013; updated May-June 2014): CINAHL, Embase, Educational Resources Information Centre, Health Management Information Consortium, MEDLINE, MEDLINE in Process, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Knowledge...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077197/personal-disaster-and-emergency-support-networks-of-older-adults-in-a-rural-community-changes-after-participation-in-a-preparedness-program
#4
Sato Ashida, Erin L Robinson, Jane Gay, Lauren E Slagel, Marizen R Ramirez
OBJECTIVE: Personal disaster and emergency support networks of rural older adults are described before and after participation in a disaster preparedness intervention, PrepWise. METHODS: At baseline, a total of 194 disaster support network members were identified by 27 older adults in a rural Midwest community. After the intervention, these participants identified 232 support network members. Multilevel logistic regression models were constructed to identify characteristics of the network members and social interactions associated with support providers at baseline as well as newly added support sources after the PrepWise intervention...
January 12, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071954/book-review-emergency-ethics-public-health-preparedness-and-response-jennings-b-arras-jd-barrett-dh-ellis-ba-eds-emergency-ethics-public-health-preparedness-and-response-oxford-england-oxford-university-press-2016-320-pp-%C3%A2-29-99-hardback-isbn-9780190270742
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065175/emergency-preparedness-of-persons-over-50-years-old-further-results-from-the-health-and-retirement-study
#6
Timothy S Killian, Zola K Moon, Charleen McNeill, Betsy Garrison, Shari Moxley
OBJECTIVE: This article conceptualized emergency preparedness as a complex, multidimensional construct and empirically examined an array of sociodemographic, motivation, and barrier variables as predictors of levels of emergency preparedness. METHODS: The authors used the 2010 wave of the Health and Retirement Study's emergency preparedness module to focus on persons 50 years old and older in the United States by use of logistic regression models and reconsidered a previous analysis...
January 9, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062106/medical-geology-in-the-framework-of-the-sustainable-development-goals
#7
REVIEW
Jochen Bundschuh, Jyoti Prakash Maity, Shahbaz Mushtaq, Meththika Vithanage, Saman Seneweera, Jerusa Schneider, Prosun Bhattacharya, Nasreen Islam Khan, Ihsan Hamawand, Luiz R G Guilherme, Kathryn Reardon-Smith, Faruque Parvez, Nury Morales-Simfors, Sara Ghaze, Christa Pudmenzky, Louis Kouadio, Chien-Yen Chen
Exposure to geogenic contaminants (GCs) such as metal(loid)s, radioactive metals and isotopes as well as transuraniums occurring naturally in geogenic sources (rocks, minerals) can negatively impact on environmental and human health. The GCs are released into the environment by natural biogeochemical processes within the near-surface environments and/or by anthropogenic activities such as mining and hydrocarbon exploitation as well as exploitation of geothermal resources. They can contaminate soil, water, air and biota and subsequently enter the food chain with often serious health impacts which are mostly underestimated and poorly recognized...
January 3, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061835/a-comparative-assessment-of-major-international-disasters-the-need-for-exposure-assessment-systematic-emergency-preparedness-and-lifetime-health-care
#8
Roberto G Lucchini, Dana Hashim, Sushma Acquilla, Angela Basanets, Pier Alberto Bertazzi, Andrey Bushmanov, Michael Crane, Denise J Harrison, William Holden, Philip J Landrigan, Benjamin J Luft, Paolo Mocarelli, Nailya Mazitova, James Melius, Jacqueline M Moline, Koji Mori, David Prezant, Joan Reibman, Dori B Reissman, Alexander Stazharau, Ken Takahashi, Iris G Udasin, Andrew C Todd
BACKGROUND: The disasters at Seveso, Three Mile Island, Bhopal, Chernobyl, the World Trade Center (WTC) and Fukushima had historic health and economic sequelae for large populations of workers, responders and community members. METHODS: Comparative data from these events were collected to derive indications for future preparedness. Information from the primary sources and a literature review addressed: i) exposure assessment; ii) exposed populations; iii) health surveillance; iv) follow-up and research outputs; v) observed physical and mental health effects; vi) treatment and benefits; and vii) outreach activities...
January 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060851/molecular-evidence-of-transmission-of-influenza-a-h1n1-2009-on-a-university-campus
#9
Ramandeep Kaur Virk, Vithiagaran Gunalan, Hong Kai Lee, Masafumi Inoue, Catherine Chua, Boon-Huan Tan, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah
BACKGROUND: In the recent years, the data on the molecular epidemiology of influenza viruses have expanded enormously because of the availability of cutting-edge sequencing technologies. However, much of the information is from the temperate regions with few studies from tropical regions such as South-east Asia. Despite the fact that influenza has been known to transmit rapidly within semi-closed communities, such as military camps and educational institutions, data are limited from these communities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034593/one-health-proof-of-concept-bringing-a-transdisciplinary-approach-to-surveillance-for-zoonotic-viruses-at-the-human-wild-animal-interface
#10
Terra R Kelly, William B Karesh, Christine Kreuder Johnson, Kirsten V K Gilardi, Simon J Anthony, Tracey Goldstein, Sarah H Olson, Catherine Machalaba, Jonna A K Mazet
As the world continues to react and respond inefficiently to emerging infectious diseases, such as Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome and the Ebola and Zika viruses, a growing transdisciplinary community has called for a more proactive and holistic approach to prevention and preparedness - One Health. Such an approach presents important opportunities to reduce the impact of disease emergence events and also to mitigate future emergence through improved cross-sectoral coordination. In an attempt to provide proof of concept of the utility of the One Health approach, the US Agency for International Development's PREDICT project consortium designed and implemented a targeted, risk-based surveillance strategy based not on humans as sentinels of disease but on detecting viruses early, at their source, where intervention strategies can be implemented before there is opportunity for spillover and spread in people or food animals...
December 14, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032532/the-missing-the-martyred-and-the-disappeared-global-networks-technical-intensification-and-the-end-of-human-rights-genetics
#11
Lindsay A Smith
In 1984, a group of Argentine students, trained by US academics, formed the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team to apply the latest scientific techniques to the excavation of mass graves and identification of the dead, and to work toward transitional justice. This inaugurated a new era in global forensic science, as groups of scientists in the Global South worked outside of and often against local governments to document war crimes in post-conflict settings. After 2001, however, with the inauguration of the war on terror following the September 11(th) attacks on the World Trade Center in New York, global forensic science was again remade through US and European investment to increase preparedness in the face of potential terrorist attacks...
December 1, 2016: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032326/prioritization-of-high-consequence-viruses-to-improve-european-laboratory-preparedness-for-cross-border-health-threats
#12
Carla Nisii, Roland Grunow, Andreas Brave, Giuseppe Ippolito, Daniela Jacob, Pontus Jureen, Barbara Bartolini, Antonino Di Caro
Highly infectious diseases can spread rapidly across borders through travel or trade, and international coordination is essential to a prompt and efficient response by public health laboratories. Therefore, developing strategies to identify priorities for a rational allocation of resources for research and surveillance has been the focus of a large body of research in recent years. This paper describes the activities and the strategy used by a European-wide consortium funded by the European Commission, named EMERGE (Efficient response to highly dangerous and emerging pathogens at EU level), for the selection of high-threat pathogens with cross-border potential that will become the focus of its preparedness activities...
December 29, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028677/psychosocial-influences-on-disaster-preparedness-in-san-francisco-recipients-of-home-care
#13
Robyn R Gershon, Elena Portacolone, Ezinne M Nwankwo, Qi Zhi, Kristine A Qureshi, Victoria H Raveis
Disasters disproportionately impact certain segments of the population, including children, pregnant women, people living with disabilities and chronic conditions and those who are underserved and under-resourced. One of the most vulnerable groups includes the community-dwelling elderly. Post-disaster analyses indicate that these individuals have higher risk of disaster-related morbidity and mortality. They also have suboptimal levels of disaster preparedness in terms of their ability to shelter-in-place or evacuate to a shelter...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027166/ncrp-vision-for-the-future-and-program-area-committee-activities
#14
John D Boice
The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) believes that the most critical need for the nation in radiation protection is to train, engage, and retain radiation professionals for the future. Not only is the pipeline shrinking, but for some areas there is no longer a pipe! When the call comes to respond, there may be no one to answer the phone! The NCRP "Where are the Radiation Professionals?" initiative, Council Committee (CC) 2, and this year's annual meeting are to focus our efforts to find solutions and not just reiterate the problems...
February 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018789/evaluation-of-spatial-analysis-application-for-urban-emergency-management
#15
REVIEW
Rifaat Abdalla
BACKGROUND: This paper provides multidisciplinary scope to the utilization of geospatial data frameworks for urban disaster management with accentuation on particular events. The emergency management events presented in this review are universally known and represent high risk for different parts of the world. RESULTS: The discussion starts with addressing the application issues related to how spatial analysis can be used intending to disaster management operations by characterizing its ease of use and impediments in managing the inquiries of vulnerability and hazard assessment...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017432/beyond-cost-effectiveness-using-systems-analysis-for-infectious-disease-preparedness
#16
Charles Phelps, Guruprasad Madhavan, Rino Rappuoli, Rita Colwell, Harvey Fineberg
Until the recent outbreaks, Ebola vaccines ranked low in decision makers' priority lists based on cost-effectiveness analysis and (or) corporate profitability. Despite a relatively small number of Ebola-related cases and deaths (compared to other causes), Ebola vaccines suddenly leapt to highest priority among international health agencies and vaccine developers. Clearly, earlier cost-effectiveness analyses badly missed some factors affecting real world decisions. Multi-criteria systems analysis can improve evaluation and prioritization of vaccine development and also of many other health policy and investment decisions...
December 22, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997940/australia-s-response-to-ebola-virus-disease-in-west-africa-2014-15
#17
Gwendolyn L Gilbert
In March 2016, the World Health Organization declared the 2014-15 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak officially over. With around 29 000 cases and 11 000 deaths in 27 months, this EVD outbreak was more than 60 times larger than any before, and unique in its cross-border spread and involvement of urban centres. Local and international responses were slow and initially inadequate, but establishment of the United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response, 9 months after the outbreak began, allowed a coordinated effort that slowed and eventually controlled the spread of disease...
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993924/limited-effectiveness-of-a-skills-and-drills-intervention-to-improve-emergency-obstetric-and-newborn-care-in-karnataka-india-a-proof-of-concept-study
#18
Beena Varghese, Jayanna Krishnamurthy, Blaze Correia, Ruchika Panigrahi, Maryann Washington, Vinotha Ponnuswamy, Prem Mony
OBJECTIVE: The majority of the maternal and perinatal deaths are preventable through improved emergency obstetric and newborn care at facilities. However, the quality of such care in India has significant gaps in terms of provider skills and in their preparedness to handle emergencies. We tested the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of a "skills and drills" intervention, implemented between July 2013 and September 2014, to improve emergency obstetric and newborn care in the state of Karnataka, India...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981236/a-phylogeny-based-global-nomenclature-system-and-automated-annotation-tool-for-h1-hemagglutinin-genes-from-swine-influenza-a-viruses
#19
Tavis K Anderson, Catherine A Macken, Nicola S Lewis, Richard H Scheuermann, Kristien Van Reeth, Ian H Brown, Sabrina L Swenson, Gaëlle Simon, Takehiko Saito, Yohannes Berhane, Janice Ciacci-Zanella, Ariel Pereda, C Todd Davis, Ruben O Donis, Richard J Webby, Amy L Vincent
The H1 subtype of influenza A viruses (IAVs) has been circulating in swine since the 1918 human influenza pandemic. Over time, and aided by further introductions from nonswine hosts, swine H1 viruses have diversified into three genetic lineages. Due to limited global data, these H1 lineages were named based on colloquial context, leading to a proliferation of inconsistent regional naming conventions. In this study, we propose rigorous phylogenetic criteria to establish a globally consistent nomenclature of swine H1 virus hemagglutinin (HA) evolution...
November 2016: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976602/-providing-a-roof-and-more-to-communities-affected-by-typhoon-haiyan-in-the-philippines-the-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-experience
#20
Engy Ali, Marie-Christine Ferir, Tony Reid, Henry Gray, Wilma Van Den Boogaard, Christopher Gonzales, Rony Zachariah
OBJECTIVES: Typhoon Haiyan hit the Philippines in November 2013 and left a trail of destruction. As part of its emergency response, Médecins Sans Frontières distributed materials for reconstructing houses and boats as standardized kits to be shared between households. Community engagement was sought and communities were empowered in deciding how to make the distributions. We aimed to answer, Was this effective and what lessons were learned? METHODS: A cross-sectional survey using a semi-structured questionnaire was conducted in May 2014 and included all community leaders and 269 households in 22 barangays (community administrative areas)...
December 15, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
keyword
keyword
76027
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"