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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918770/the-forgotten-need-of-disaster-relief
#1
Leonardo Tamariz, Cynthia Cely, Ana Palacio
Disasters in countries with limited resources can put the emergency preparedness of the country to the test. The first major task after a disaster is to take care of the wounded. In countries where the epidemiological transition has occurred, chronic disease can place a major strain on public health preparedness after a disaster. The purpose of this field report is to alert public health practitioners of an infrequently reported public health problem: the impact of natural disasters on adherence to chronic medications...
September 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918766/measuring-and-comparing-hospital-accessibility-for-palm-beach-county-s-elderly-and-nonelderly-populations-during-a-hurricane
#2
Shivangi Prasad
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether, during a hurricane, geographic accessibility to hospitals with emergency care is compromised disproportionately for the elderly than for the nonelderly. METHODS: The locations of hospitals with emergency health care and a subset of those hospitals functional during a hurricane were compared with the distribution of the elderly population at the block group level in Palm Beach County, Florida. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) proximity analysis (minimum distance to closest hospital) and cumulative distribution functions were used to measure and compare hospital accessibility during normal and hurricane conditions for the elderly and nonelderly populations...
September 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903813/rebooting-healthcare-information-technology-downtime-management
#3
Julie Bulson, Mark Van Dyke, Nicole Skibinski
Healthcare, like many other industries, has become reliant on technology to manage daily operations. Often, technology downtimes are managed within the information technology departments to ensure the technical staff can return the hardware or software to the end users as quickly as possible. However, if managed strictly through IT departments, such incidents lack critical communication components and an understanding of the impact on end users. This paper argues that such technological incidents need to be managed not just rapidly but also in conjunction with the emergency preparedness department...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903795/rapid-triage-of-mental-health-risk-in-emergency-medical-workers-findings-from-typhoon-haiyan
#4
Lauren Sylwanowicz, Merritt Schreiber, Craig Anderson, Carlos Primero D Gundran, Emelie Santamaria, Jaifred Christian F Lopez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of a novel responder mental health self-triage system to predict post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in emergency medical responders after a disaster. METHODS: Participants in this study responded to Typhoon Haiyan, which struck the Philippines in November 2013. They completed the Psychological Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment (PsySTART) responder triage tool, the PTSD Checklist (PCL-5) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 (PHQ-8) shortly after responding to this disaster...
September 14, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899438/facilitators-and-barriers-to-preparedness-partnerships-a-veterans-affairs-medical-center-perspective
#5
Susan Schmitz, Tamar Wyte-Lake, Aram Dobalian
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to understand facilitators and barriers faced by local US Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) emergency managers (EMs) when collaborating with non-VA entities. METHODS: Twelve EMs participated in semi-structured interviews lasting 60 to 90 minutes discussing their collaboration with non-VAMC organizations. Sections of the interview transcripts concerning facilitators and barriers to collaboration were coded and analyzed...
September 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893298/learning-from-returnee-ethiopian-migrant-domestic-workers-a-qualitative-assessment-to-reduce-the-risk-of-human-trafficking
#6
Joanna Busza, Sehin Teferra, Serawit Omer, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: International migration has become a global political priority, with growing concern about the scale of human trafficking, hazardous work conditions, and resulting psychological and physical morbidity among migrants. Ethiopia remains a significant "source" country for female domestic workers to the Middle East and Gulf States, despite widespread reports of exploitation and abuse. Prior to introduction of a "safe migration" intervention, we conducted formative research to elicit lessons learned by women who had worked as domestic workers abroad...
September 11, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892450/2015-pandemic-influenza-readiness-assessment-among-us-public-health-emergency-preparedness-awardees
#7
Thomas J Fitzgerald, Danielle L Moulia, Samuel B Graitcer, Sara J Vagi, Stephanie A Dopson
OBJECTIVES: To assess how US Public Health Emergency Preparedness (PHEP) awardees plan to respond to an influenza pandemic with vaccination. METHODS: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention developed the Pandemic Influenza Readiness Assessment, an online survey sent to PHEP directors, to analyze, in part, the readiness of PHEP awardees to vaccinate 80% of the populations of their jurisdictions with 2 doses of pandemic influenza vaccine, separated by 21 days, within 16 weeks of vaccine availability...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892449/emergency-preparedness-in-the-workplace-the-flulapalooza-model-for-mass-vaccination
#8
Melanie D Swift, Muktar H Aliyu, Daniel W Byrne, Keqin Qian, Paula McGown, Patricia O Kinman, Katherine Louise Hanson, Demoyne Culpepper, Tamara J Cooley, Mary I Yarbrough
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether an emergency preparedness structure is a feasible, efficient, and sustainable way for health care organizations to manage mass vaccination events. METHODS: We used the Hospital Incident Command System to conduct a 1-day annual mass influenza vaccination event at Vanderbilt University Medical Center over 5 successive years (2011-2015). Using continuous quality improvement principles, we assessed whether changes in layout, supply management, staffing, and documentation systems improved efficiency...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892448/primary-care-emergency-preparedness-network-new-york-city-2015-comparison-of-member-and-nonmember-sites
#9
Marsha D Williams, Marc C Jean, Bei Chen, Noelle-Angelique M Molinari, Tanya T LeBlanc
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether Primary Care Emergency Preparedness Network member sites reported indicators of preparedness for public health emergencies compared with nonmember sites. The network-a collaboration between government and New York City primary care associations-offers technical assistance to primary care sites to improve disaster preparedness and response. METHODS: In 2015, we administered an online questionnaire to sites regarding facility characteristics and preparedness indicators...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892447/how-health-department-contextual-factors-affect-public-health-preparedness-php-and-perceptions-of-the-15-php-capabilities
#10
Jennifer A Horney, Eric G Carbone, Molly Lynch, Z Joan Wang, Terrance Jones, Dale A Rose
OBJECTIVES: To assess how health department contextual factors influence perceptions of the 15 Public Health Preparedness Capabilities, developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to provide guidance on organizing preparedness activities. METHODS: We conducted an online survey and focus group between September 2015 and May 2016 with directors of preparedness programs in state, metropolitan, and territorial jurisdictions funded by CDC's Public Health Emergency Preparedness (PHEP) cooperative agreement...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892446/funding-public-health-emergency-preparedness-in-the-united-states
#11
Rebecca Katz, Aurelia Attal-Juncqua, Julie E Fischer
The historical precedents that support state and local leadership in preparedness for and response to disasters are in many ways at odds with the technical demands of preparedness and response for incidents affecting public health. New and revised laws and regulations, executive orders, policies, strategies, and plans developed in response to biological threats since 2001 address the role of the federal government in the response to public health emergencies. However, financial mechanisms for disaster response-especially those that wait for gubernatorial request before federal assistance can be provided-do not align with the need to prevent the spread of infectious agents or efficiently reduce the impact on public health...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892445/applying-the-15-public-health-emergency-preparedness-capabilities-to-support-large-scale-tuberculosis-investigations-in-complex-congregate-settings
#12
Alison Jaffe Levy, Katelynne Gardner Toren, Carina Elsenboss, Masahiro Narita
Public Health-Seattle and King County, a metropolitan health department in western Washington, experiences rates of tuberculosis (TB) that are 1.6 times higher than are state and national averages. The department's TB Control Program uses public health emergency management tools and capabilities sustained with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention grant funding to manage large-scale complex case investigations. We have described 3 contact investigations in large congregate settings that the TB Control Program conducted in 2015 and 2016...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892442/from-anthrax-to-zika-fifteen-years-of-public-health-emergency-preparedness
#13
Rachel Nonkin Avchen, Tanya Telfair LeBlanc, Christine Kosmos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892441/improvements-in-state-and-local-planning-for-mass-dispensing-of-medical-countermeasures-the-technical-assistance-review-program-united-states-2007-2014
#14
Paul G Renard, Sara J Vagi, Chris M Reinold, Brenda L Silverman, Rachel N Avchen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and describe outcomes of state and local medical countermeasure preparedness planning, which is critical to ensure rapid distribution and dispensing of a broad spectrum of life-saving medical assets during a public health emergency. METHODS: We used 2007 to 2014 state and local data collected from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Technical Assistance Review. We calculated descriptive statistics from 50 states and 72 local Cities Readiness Initiative jurisdictions that participated in the Technical Assistance Review annually...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892440/progress-in-public-health-emergency-preparedness-united-states-2001-2016
#15
Bhavini Patel Murthy, Noelle-Angelique M Molinari, Tanya T LeBlanc, Sara J Vagi, Rachel N Avchen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the Public Health Emergency Preparedness (PHEP) program's progress toward meeting public health preparedness capability standards in state, local, and territorial health departments. METHODS: All 62 PHEP awardees completed the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's self-administered PHEP Impact Assessment as part of program review measuring public health preparedness capability before September 11, 2001 (9/11), and in 2014. We collected additional self-reported capability self-assessments from 2016...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892439/a-child-s-health-is-the-public-s-health-progress-and-gaps-in-addressing-pediatric-needs-in-public-health-emergencies
#16
Eric J Dziuban, Georgina Peacock, Michael Frogel
Children are the most prevalent vulnerable population in US society and have unique needs during the response to and recovery from public health emergencies. The physiological, behavioral, developmental, social, and mental health differences of children require specific attention in preparedness efforts. Despite often being more severely affected in disasters, children's needs are historically underrepresented in preparedness. Since 2001, much progress has been made in addressing this disparity through better pediatric incorporation in preparedness planning from national to local levels...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892438/evolution-of-public-health-emergency-management-from-preparedness-to-response-and-recovery-introduction-and-contents-of-the-volume
#17
Tanya T LeBlanc, Christine Kosmos, Rachel N Avchen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892437/public-health-system-research-in-public-health-emergency-preparedness-in-the-united-states-2009-2015-actionable-knowledge-base
#18
Elena Savoia, Leesa Lin, Dottie Bernard, Noah Klein, Lyndon P James, Stefano Guicciardi
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Institute of Medicine released a letter report identifying 4 research priority areas for public health emergency preparedness in public health system research: (1) enhancing the usefulness of training, (2) improving timely emergency communications, (3) creating and maintaining sustainable response systems, and (4) generating effectiveness criteria and metrics. OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify and characterize public health system research in public health emergency preparedness produced in the United States from 2009 to 2015, (2) synthesize research findings and assess the level of confidence in these findings, and (3) describe the evolution of knowledge production in public health emergency preparedness system research...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892435/community-assessment-for-public-health-emergency-response-casper-an-innovative-emergency-management-tool-in-the-united-states
#19
Amy Schnall, Nicole Nakata, Todd Talbert, Tesfaye Bayleyegn, DeAndrea Martinez, Amy Wolkin
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate how inclusion of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) as a tool in Public Health Preparedness Capabilities: National Standards for State and Local Planning can increase public health capacity for emergency response. METHODS: We reviewed all domestic CASPER activities (i.e., trainings and assessments) between fiscal years 2012 and 2016. Data from these CASPER activities were compared with respect to differences in geographic distribution, type, actions, efficacy, and usefulness of training...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891209/blood-component-transfusions-in-mass-casualty-events
#20
G Ramsey
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Planning transfusion needs in mass casualty events (MCE) is critical for disaster preparedness. Published data on blood component usage were analysed to seek correlative factors and usage rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: English-language medical publications since 1980 were searched for MCEs with numbers of patient admissions and transfused RBCs. Reports were excluded from natural disasters or with total RBC use <50 units. Statistical analysis employed Mann-Whitney U-tests and Spearman's rank correlations...
September 10, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
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