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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342831/refugee-health-an-ongoing-commitment-and-challenge
#1
EDITORIAL
Jimmy T Efird, Pollie Bith-Melander
Refugees represent a diverse group of displaced individuals with unique health issues and disease risks. The obstacles facing this population have their origins in war, violence, oppression, exploitation, and fear of persecution. Regardless of country of origin, a common bond exists, with refugees often confronting inadequate healthcare resources, xenophobia, discrimination, and a complex web of legal barriers in their new homelands. In many cases, the plight of refugees is multigenerational, manifesting as mental health issues, abuse, poverty, and family disruption...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340877/brief-report-subjective-social-mobility-and-depressive-symptoms-in-syrian-refugees-to-germany
#2
Frank Euteneuer, Sarina J Schäfer
Previous findings indicate that refugees are at increased risk for mental health problems. In addition to stressful pre-migration experiences, post-migration factors may contribute to poor mental health outcomes. Among immigrants to the United States, downward mobility in subjective social status (SSS) was associated with depression, corroborating the potentially detrimental mental health consequences of a decline in one's perceived social position. The present study examined whether downward mobility in SSS among male refugees from Syria to Germany is associated with depression...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327258/mental-health-problems-of-syrian-refugee-children-the-role-of-parental-factors
#3
Seyda Eruyar, John Maltby, Panos Vostanis
War-torn children are particularly vulnerable through direct trauma exposure as well through their parents' responses. This study thus investigated the association between trauma exposure and children's mental health, and the contribution of parent-related factors in this association. A cross-sectional study with 263 Syrian refugee children-parent dyads was conducted in Turkey. The Stressful Life Events Questionnaire (SLE), General Health Questionnaire, Parenting Stress Inventory (PSI-SF), Impact of Events Scale for Children (CRIES-8), and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were used to measure trauma exposure, parental psychopathology, parenting-related stress, children's post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), and mental health problems, respectively...
January 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289940/prevalence-of-mental-ill-health-traumas-and-postmigration-stress-among-refugees-from-syria-resettled-in-sweden-after-2011-a-population-based-survey
#4
Petter Tinghög, Andreas Malm, Charlotta Arwidson, Erika Sigvardsdotter, Andreas Lundin, Fredrik Saboonchi
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of and associations between anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), low subjective well-being (SWB), potential traumas and postmigration stress among refugees from Syria resettled in Sweden. DESIGN: A cross-sectional and population-based questionnaire study based on a known and complete sample frame. The survey included multiple measures of mental ill health and factors of particular relevance for refugees...
December 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284288/traumatic-brain-injury-among-refugees-and-asylum-seekers
#5
Jacob I McPherson
BACKGROUND: Refugees and asylum seekers face many challenges in their pursuit of a safe home. The journey for displaced individuals can be extremely dangerous and many do not survive or go missing. Survivors face significant risks of injury, abuse, and torture. Traumatic brain injury is one of the most common and disabling injuries sustained by these populations. This already complex condition can have profound implications on these groups and their families due to factors related to mental health, cultural perspectives, and their ability to navigate healthcare systems...
December 28, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281600/community-perspectives-on-substance-use-among-bhutanese-and-iraqi-refugees-resettled-in-the-united-states
#6
Mansha Q Mirza, Elizabeth A Harrison, Hui-Ching Chang, Corrina D Salo, Dina Birman
Premigration trauma and postmigration stressors put refugees at high risk for mental health concerns, including substance use. However, there is limited systematic research on substance use in refugee communities exists. We conducted exploratory qualitative research to examine Bhutanese and Iraqi refugee perspectives related to the use of recreational substances after resettlement in the United States. Data were collected through separate focus groups with 28 Bhutanese and 22 Iraqi adult men. Focus groups were facilitated by an experienced clinician with an in-person interpreter, audiorecorded, and transcribed...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277109/collective-narrative-practice-with-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-the-tree-of-life-as-a-response-to-hardship
#7
Suzan Fm Jacobs
During the summer of 2016, in the midst of one of the biggest refugee crises in centuries, the author of this article joined the team from a shelter for unaccompanied refugee minors on Samos, Greece, in an effort to provide young boys seeking asylum in Europe with an opportunity to engage in speaking about the difficulties they have encountered in life. The team used a collective narrative methodology called the "Tree of Life", originally developed by Ncube-Mlilo and Denborough. In addition to traditional psychological treatments, collective narrative practice creates a secure foundation for addressing trauma, suffering, and hardship...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258471/the-influence-of-caregiver-depression-on-adolescent-mental-health-outcomes-findings-from-refugee-settlements-in-uganda
#8
Sarah R Meyer, Mara Steinhaus, Clare Bangirana, Patrick Onyango-Mangen, Lindsay Stark
BACKGROUND: Family-level predictors, including caregiver depression, are considered important influences on adolescent mental health. Adolescent depression and anxiety in refugee settings is known to be a significant public health concern, yet there is very limited literature from humanitarian settings focusing on the relationship between caregiver mental health and adolescent mental health. In the context of a larger study on child protection outcomes in refugee settings, researchers explored the relationship between caregiver depression and adolescent mental health in two refugee settlements, Kiryandongo and Adjumani, in Uganda...
December 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239703/managing-narcissistic-impulse-reminiscence-and-cultural-ideal-under-the-circumstances-of-mass-immigration
#9
Maria Leticia Castrechini-Franieck
Mass immigration is an occurrence associated with group psychology and triggers unusual reactions between newcomers and the indigenous population. This paper presents some results of psychological counseling work in an ongoing project of providing early psychological help for current traumatized refugees and asylum seekers in Europe who otherwise are unable to afford treatment, not even the usual consultations in common mental health settings. In particular, thoughts about the management of "cultural ideals" during the process of mass immigration came to light...
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230315/latent-class-analysis-of-violence-against-adolescents-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-refugee-settings-in-uganda-and-rwanda
#10
S R Meyer, G Yu, S Hermosilla, L Stark
Background: Little is known about violence against children in refugee camps and settlements, and the evidence-base concerning mental health outcomes of youth in refugee settings in low and middle-income countries is similarly small. Evidence is needed to understand patterns of violence against children in refugee camps, and associations with adverse mental health outcomes. Methods: Surveys were conducted with adolescent refugees (aged 13-17) in two refugee contexts - Kiziba Camp, Rwanda (n = 129) (refugees from Democratic Republic of Congo) and Adjumani and Kiryandongo refugee settlements, Uganda (n = 471) (refugees from South Sudan)...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226794/mental-health-of-immigrants-and-refugees-seeking-legal-services-on-the-us-mexico-border
#11
Yok-Fong Paat, Rachel Green
The debates on the mental health benefits associated with immigration are mixed. On the one hand, immigrants are provided with more opportunities not available in their home countries. On the other hand, they are far away from home and may have been exposed to traumatic experiences on their journeys to the receiving country. Even after settling down in the receiving country, most continue to face legal battles associated with their immigration status, as shown in this study. This study examined the risk and protective factors associated with the mental health conditions in a sample of 39 immigrants and refugees seeking legal services on the US-Mexico border...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226793/cultural-translation-of-refugee-trauma-cultural-idioms-of-distress-among-somali-refugees-in-displacement
#12
Hyojin Im, Aidan Ferguson, Margaret Hunter
Westernized approaches to mental health care often place limited emphasis on refugees' own experiences and cultural explanations of symptoms and distress. In order to effectively assess community mental health needs and develop interventions grounded in local needs, mental health programs need to be informed by an understanding of cultural features of mental health, including cultural idioms of distress (CIDs). The current study aims to explore CIDs among Somali refugees displaced in Kenya to understand mental health needs in cultural context and serve the community in a culturally responsive and sensitive manner...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226791/counting-the-cost-of-afrophobia-post-migration-adaptation-and-mental-health-challenges-of-african-refugees-in-south-africa
#13
Lindokuhle Thela, Andrew Tomita, Varsha Maharaj, Mpho Mhlongo, Jonathan K Burns
There are few studies on the role of migration within sub-Saharan Africa and its relation to the development of mental illness. We investigated post-resettlement adaptation and mental health challenges of African refugees/migrants in Durban, South Africa. We interviewed 335 African help-seeking refugees/migrants for anxiety, depression (25-item Hopkins Symptom Checklist) and post-traumatic stress symptoms (30-item Harvard Trauma Questionnaire). Socio-demographic and migration history, focusing on post-migration circumstances and experiences of discrimination in the host country, were obtained...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226790/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-comorbid-depression-among-refugees-assessment-of-a-sample-from-a-german-refugee-reception-center
#14
Maria Belz, Michael Belz, Ibrahim Özkan, Iris T Graef-Calliess
In 2015, a large number of refugees arrived in Germany, mostly driven to emigrate by devastating circumstances in their countries of origin. Arriving refugees are distributed to reception centers within the German federal states, frequently facing marginal conditions in terms of overcrowding or waiting time of several months until their application for asylum is processed. Most of these refugees underwent numerous traumatizing experiences-both in their country of origin and while fleeing from their country of origin...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226788/mental-health-for-refugees-asylum-seekers-and-displaced-persons-a-call-for-a-humanitarian-agenda
#15
Sofie Bäärnhielm, Kees Laban, Meryam Schouler-Ocak, Cécile Rousseau, Laurence J Kirmayer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225584/prevalence-rates-of-the-incubus-phenomenon-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Marc L Molendijk, Harriët Montagne, Ouarda Bouachmir, Zeynep Alper, Jan-Pieter Bervoets, Jan Dirk Blom
Background: The incubus phenomenon is a paroxysmal sleep-related disorder characterized by compound hallucinations experienced during brief phases of (apparent) wakefulness. The condition has an almost stereotypical presentation, characterized by a hallucinated being that exerts pressure on the thorax, meanwhile carrying out aggressive and/or sexual acts. It tends to be accompanied by sleep paralysis, anxiety, vegetative symptoms, and feelings of suffocation. Its prevalence rate is unknown since, in prior analyses, cases of recurrent isolated sleep paralysis with/without an incubus phenomenon have been pooled together...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216897/measuring-self-rated-health-status-among-resettled-adult-refugee-populations-to-inform-practice-and-policy-a-scoping-review
#17
Alison Dowling, Joanne Enticott, Grant Russell
BACKGROUND: The health status of refugees is a significant factor in determining their success in resettlement and relies heavily on self-rated measures of refugee health. The selection of robust and appropriate self-rated health measurement tools is challenging due to the number and methodological variation in the use of assessment tools across refugee health studies. This study describes the existing self-report health measures which have been used in studies of adult refugees living in the community to allow us to address the challenges of selecting appropriate assessments to measure health within refugee groups...
December 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216876/refugees-experiences-of-healthcare-in-the-host-country-a-scoping-review
#18
Elisabeth Mangrio, Katarina Sjögren Forss
BACKGROUND: During the last years, Europe experienced an increase in immigration due to a variety of worldwide wars and conflicts, which in turn resulted in a greater number of physical and mental health issues present among the refugees. These factors place high demands not only on the refugees, but also on healthcare professionals who meet the refugees in different situations. Information about the refugees' experiences of the healthcare systems in their host countries is urgently needed to improve the quality of healthcare delivered, as well as to provide opportunities for better access...
December 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207884/mental-health-of-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-assessment-and-intervention
#19
Rachel Kronick
With unprecedented numbers of displaced persons worldwide, mental health clinicians in high-income countries will increasingly encounter refugee and asylum-seeking patients, many of whom have experienced significant adversity before and after their migration. This paper presents a summary of the recent evidence on the assessment and treatment of refugees across the lifespan to inform clinicians' approaches to care of refugee patients in mental health care settings. Assessment and interventions for refugees are grounded in an ecosystemic approach which considers not only pre-migratory trauma, but social, familial, and cultural determinants of mental health in the host country...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207287/nursing-students-experiences-with-refugees-with-mental-health-problems-in-jordan-a-qualitative-content-analysis
#20
Camilla Dotevall, Elin Winberg, Kristina Rosengren
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe Jordanian nursing students' experience of caring for refugees with mental health problems. BACKGROUND: According to refugees' experiences of crisis, a well-educated staff is needed to provide high quality of care due to mental health problems. Therefore, health professionals play an important role in creating an environment that promotes human rights regardless of ethnic origin. SETTINGS, PARTICIPANTS, METHOD: The study comprised eight interviews and was analysed using content analysis, a qualitative method that involves an inductive approach, to increase our understanding of nursing students' perspective and thoughts regarding caring for refugees with mental health problems...
November 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
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