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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782531/discrimination-and-distress-among-afghan-refugees-in-northern-california-the-moderating-role-of-pre-and-post-migration-factors
#1
Qais Alemi, Carl Stempel
This study investigates the effect of perceived discrimination on the mental health of Afghan refugees, and secondly, tests the distress moderating effects of pre-migration traumatic experiences and post-resettlement adjustment factors. In a cross-sectional design, 259 Afghans completed surveys assessing perceived discrimination and a number of other factors using scales developed through inductive techniques. Multivariable analyses consisted of a series of hierarchical regressions testing the effect of perceived discrimination on distress, followed by a sequential analysis of moderator variables...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771613/determinants-of-mental-disorders-in-syrian-refugees-in-turkey-versus-internally-displaced-persons-in-syria
#2
Sidika Tekeli-Yesil, Esra Isik, Yesim Unal, Fuad Aljomaa Almossa, Hande Konsuk Unlu, Ahmet Tamer Aker
OBJECTIVES: To compare frequencies of some mental health disorders between Syrian refugees living in Turkey and internally displaced persons in Syria, and to identify factors associated with posttraumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder. METHODS: We carried out a field survey in May 2017 among 540 internally displaced persons in Syria and refugees in Turkey. RESULTS: The study revealed that mental disorders were highly prevalent in both populations...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769017/a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-the-health-needs-of-asylum-seekers-in-a-refugee-clinic-in-germany
#3
Laura F Goodman, Guy W Jensen, Joseph M Galante, Diana L Farmer, Stephanie Taché
BACKGROUND: Over one million asylum seekers were registered in Germany in 2016, most from Syria and Afghanistan. The Refugee Convention guarantees access to healthcare, however delivery mechanisms remain heterogeneous. There is an urgent need for more data describing the health conditions of asylum seekers to guide best practices for healthcare delivery. In this study, we describe the state of health of asylum seekers presenting to a multi-specialty primary care refugee clinic. METHODS: Demographic and medical diagnosis data were extracted from the electronic medical records of patients seen at the ambulatory refugee clinic in Dresden, Germany between 15 September 2015 and 31 December 2016...
May 16, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748941/health-risk-behaviours-of-palestinian-youth-findings-from-a-representative-survey
#4
Peter Glick, Umaiyeh Al-Khammash, Mohammed Shaheen, Ryan Brown, Prodyumna Goutam, Rita Karam, Sebastian Linnemayr, Salwa Massad
Background: There is little systematic information about health risk behaviours among youth in Middle Eastern countries, leaving public health authorities unprepared to deal with emerging public health threats at a time of major social change. Aim: The Palestinian Youth Health Risk study investigates patterns of risk behaviours among Palestinian youth, their perceptions of the risks and benefits of such behaviours, and the relationship of exposure to violence with mental health and engagement in risk behaviours...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740352/a-follow-up-on-psychiatric-symptoms-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorders-in-tuareg-refugees-in-burkina-faso
#5
Mauro Giovanni Carta, Daniela Moro, Fadimata Wallet Oumar, Maria Francesca Moro, Mirra Pintus, Elisa Pintus, Luigi Minerba, Federica Sancassiani, Elisabetta Pascolo-Fabrici, Antonio Preti, Dinesh Kumar Bhugra
Introduction: The aim of this study was to carry out a 2-year follow-up of refugees in a camp in Burkina Faso who had been interviewed previously. We also aimed to verify whether the general conditions in which they lived (e.g., protection by international organizations and the conclusion of negotiations and new hope of returning to Mali and reunification with surviving family members) would affect their mental health state. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study repeated over time on a cohort of refugees...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731158/the-effect-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-on-refugees-parenting-and-their-children-s-mental-health-a-cohort-study
#6
Richard A Bryant, Ben Edwards, Mark Creamer, Meaghan O'Donnell, David Forbes, Kim L Felmingham, Derrick Silove, Zachary Steel, Angela Nickerson, Alexander C McFarlane, Miranda Van Hooff, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents, who account for most of the world's refugees, have an increased prevalence of psychological disorders. The mental health of refugee children is often associated with the severity of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in their caregivers. Despite the potential for refugee caregivers' PTSD to affect child mental health, little evidence exists concerning the underlying mechanisms of this association. This study tested the effect of refugee caregivers' previous trauma and levels of ongoing stressors on current PTSD, and in turn how this influences parenting behaviour and consequent child psychological health...
May 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731155/understanding-the-mechanisms-of-transgenerational-mental-health-impacts-in-refugees
#7
Grant Sara, Peter Brann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708893/recent-approaches-to-provision-of-mental-healthcare-in-refugee-populations
#8
Markus Koesters, Corrado Barbui, Marianna Purgato
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review provides an overview of key issues and concepts on the provision of mental healthcare to refugees with mental health conditions. RECENT FINDINGS: Several barriers to mental healthcare for refugees have been described, and principles for good mental care in this group have been framed. Evidence for specific interventions for refugees is available for trauma-related mental health problems. The best evidence is available for psychosocial interventions for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder...
April 27, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688140/potential-barriers-in-the-therapeutic-relationship-in-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-in-mental-health
#9
Pallab Majumder, Panos Vostanis, Khalid Karim, Michelle O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: Unaccompanied refugee minors present with disproportionately high prevalence of emotional and psychological morbidities. However, their utilization of mental health services has been shown to be significantly poorer than the indigenous population of the country they seek asylum in. Despite this, there is limited research exploring their perspectives on the barriers they face. AIMS: This research aims to understand unaccompanied refugee minors' and their carers' perceptions of the barriers to utilize mental health services and to explore issues perceived to be related to poor engagement with services...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675644/pediatrician-experienced-barriers-in-the-medical-care-for-refugee-children-in-the-netherlands
#10
A Baauw, S Rosiek, B Slattery, M Chinapaw, M Boele van Hensbroek, J B van Goudoever, J Kist-van Holthe
Pediatricians in the Netherlands have been confronted with high numbers of refugee children in their daily practice. Refugee children have been recognized as an at-risk population because they may have an increased burden of physical and mental health conditions, and their caretakers may experience barriers in gaining access to the Dutch health care system. The aim of the study was to gain insight into the barriers in the health care for refugee children perceived by pediatricians by analyzing logistical problems reported through the Dutch Pediatric Surveillance Unit, an online system where pediatricians can report predefined conditions...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669182/secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-among-refugee-resettlement-workers-the-role-of-coping-and-emotional-intelligence
#11
Adeyinka M Akinsulure-Smith, Adriana Espinosa, Tracy Chu, Ryan Hallock
To promote a better understanding of the impact of refugee resettlement work on refugee resettlement workers, this study examined the prevalence rates of deleterious mental health and occupational outcomes, such as secondary traumatic stress and burnout, among a sample of 210 refugee resettlement workers at six refugee resettlement agencies in the United States. The study also explored coping mechanisms used by service providers to manage work-related stress and the influence of such strategies and emotional intelligence on secondary traumatic stress and burnout...
April 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626396/settling-ulysses-an-adapted-research-agenda-for-refugee-mental-health
#12
Yudit Namer, Oliver Razum
Refugees and asylum seekers arriving in Europe during the 2015/2016 wave of migration have been exposed to war conditions in their country of origin, survived a dangerous journey, and often struggled with negative reception in transit and host countries. The mental health consequence of such forced migration experiences is named the Ulysses syndrome. Policies regarding the right to residency can play an important role in reducing mental health symptoms. We propose that facilitating a sense of belonging should be seen as one important preventive mental healthcare intervention...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623526/what-is-the-impact-of-placement-type-on-educational-and-health-outcomes-of-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#13
REVIEW
Aoife O'Higgins, Eleanor Marie Ott, Michael William Shea
Record numbers of unaccompanied refugee minors have been arriving in high-income countries since 2015. Child welfare agencies and non-governmental organisations tasked with providing services have struggled to cope with demands on their services as a result. Despite this, there is little research on how best to meet their needs and in particular what services can mitigate the psychological difficulties they face. As a result, the evidence base for social services for refugee children remains very limited. This paper is a systematic review and meta-analysis of the evidence on the relationship between care placement type and the educational, mental health and physical health outcomes of unaccompanied refugee minors...
April 5, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604123/well-being-and-posttraumatic-growth-among-syrian-refugees-in-jordan
#14
Niveen Rizkalla, Steven P Segal
The Syrian War has created a mass exodus of Syrian citizens to neighboring countries and exposed them to many atrocities. We explored factors affecting well-being and posttraumatic growth (PTG) of refugees residing in Jordan. Participants (N = 250) were surveyed via nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Outcome criteria included a global well-being rating and the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory. Trauma exposure assessment included The Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) and The War Events Questionnaire. Ordinary least squares regression examined associations between potential contributors to refugee well-being and PTG, including work, age, sex, income, education, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity, physical pain, health, NGO assistance, psychotic/affective mental disorder, and length of residence in Jordan...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588655/reflections-from-the-lebanese-field-first-heal-thyself
#15
Zeina Chemali, Hannah Smati, Kelsey Johnson, Christina P C Borba, Gregory L Fricchione
Humanitarian aid workers caring for Syrian refugees face major stressors as they attend to refugees' needs on the field. Without adequate psychosocial support, evidence has shown that fieldworkers experience high burnout and turnover as well as long-term poor mental health. Unfortunately, scarce training in this regard leaves them ill-equipped to care for themselves and practice resilience while handling trauma in the field. This paper highlights our reflection on working with mindfulness programs during humanitarian crises, specifically how our program, Stress Management and Relaxation Response Training (SMART), has helped over time fieldworkers and the community they cared for...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582038/transition-from-an-asylum-seeker-specific-health-service-to-mainstream-primary-care-for-community-based-asylum-seekers-a-qualitative-interview-study
#16
Genevieve L Fair, Mark F Harris, Mitchell M Smith
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Transition of asylum seekers from special-purpose health services to mainstream primary care is both necessary and difficult. This study explores the issues encountered by asylum seekers undergoing this transition in Sydney, Australia. METHODS: Qualitative semistructured interviews were conducted with nine asylum seeker patients and nine staff working in the sector. RESULTS: Asylum seekers faced significant challenges in the transition to mainstream primary care...
March 15, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577334/ecological-networks-and-community-attachment-and-support-among-recently-resettled-refugees
#17
Brian Soller, Jessica R Goodkind, R Neil Greene, Christopher R Browning, Cece Shantzek
Interventions aimed at enhancing mental health are increasingly centered around promoting community attachment and support. However, few have examined and tested the specific ecological factors that give rise to these key community processes. Drawing from insights from the ecological network perspective, we tested whether spatial and social overlap in routine activity settings (e.g., work, school, childcare) with fellow ethnic community members is associated with individuals' attachment to their ethnic communities and access to social resources embedded in their communities...
March 25, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573017/constructing-health-capital-in-ecological-systems-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-community-based-health-workshops-in-the-refugee-community
#18
Hyojin Im
Refugee communities face numerous health and mental health concerns both during and after resettlement. Health issues, already deteriorated by chronic poverty, malnutrition and poor living conditions, are exacerbated by acculturative challenges, such as cultural and language barriers, stigma, and lack of resources and information. Since such needs in refugee communities affect both individual and collective capacity, it is important to consider policy environment and socioecological contexts for cultural adjustment and community resources for navigating systems, rather than individual health behaviours and communication skills only...
March 23, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566556/stories-of-trauma-in-family-therapy-with-refugees-supporting-safe-relational-spaces-of-narration-and-silence
#19
Lucia De Haene, Cécile Rousseau, Ruth Kevers, Nele Deruddere, Peter Rober
With the sharp increase of refugees' arrival and resettlement in western communities, adequate mental health care forms a pivotal dimension in host societies' responses to those individuals and communities seeking protection within their borders. Here, clinical literature shows a growing interest in the development of family therapy approaches with refugees, in which therapeutic practice engages with the pivotal role of refugee family dynamics in posttrauma reconstruction and adaptation in resettlement and aims at supporting posttrauma reconstruction through strengthening capacities to restore safety, meaning and connectedness within family relationships...
April 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553411/quality-of-life-primary-traumatisation-and-positive-and-negative-affects-in-primary-school-students-in-the-gaza-strip
#20
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Feda Almurnak, Alaa Jaradah, Husam Hamdouna
BACKGROUND: Many researchers have reported that exposure to war and ongoing political violence increases mental health problems in children. Results of studies have also shown a high prevalence (58-80%) of post-traumatic stress disorder in war-affected children living in the occupied Palestinian territory. The aim of this study was to estimate the direct and indirect effects of perceived life satisfaction on the consequences of children's exposure to trauma and the balance of positive and negative affect...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
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