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Manlu Li, Daoyi Chen, Yang Liu, Chia Ying Chuang, Fanzhou Kong, Paul J Harrison, Xiaoshan Zhu, Yuelu Jiang
Human activities can enhance the frequency, intensity and occurrence of harmful algal blooms (HABs). Engineered nanoparticles (ENPs), contained in many materials, will inevitably enter coastal waters and thus cause unpredictable impacts on aquatic organisms. However, knowledge of the influence of ENPs on HAB species is still lacking. In this study, we examined the effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nTiO2), zinc oxide nanoparticles (nZnO) and aluminum oxide nanoparticles (nAl2O3) on physiological changes and paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins (PSTs) production of Alexandrium tamarense...
August 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Honggui Lv, Jingjing Shi, Junjun Huang, Chao Zhang, Wei Yi
We herein disclose, for the first time, Rh(iii)-catalyzed and MeOH-involved regioselective mono-alkenylation of arenes with acrylates using NHCONMe2 as the transformable directing group, giving direct access to diverse ortho-acrylated N-phenyl carbamates. The synthetic application of the obtained products to build privileged quinolin-2(1H)-ones and 3-(2-aminophenyl)acrylates has also been demonstrated in subsequent derivatization reactions.
August 14, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Nicole Urban, Sonja Neuser, Anika Hentschel, Sebastian Köhling, Jörg Rademann, Michael Schaefer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Gain of function mutations in TRPC6 can cause autosomal dominant forms of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Validated inhibitors of TRPC6 that are biologically active on FSGS-related TRPC6 mutants are eagerly sought. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We synthesized new TRPC6-inhibiting modulators from larixol, a resiniferous constituent of Larix decidua, and tested the potency and selectivity in cell lines stably expressing various TRP channel isoforms...
August 11, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
Agnessa Luft, Kathrin Bröder, Uwe Kunkel, Manoj Schulz, Christian Dietrich, Roland Baier, Peter Heininger, Thomas A Ternes
A novel approach was investigated for the assessment of leaching from a one-component polyurethane (1C-PU) coating used for hydraulic structures using nontarget analysis via LC-QTOF-MS. Leaching behavior of the 1C-PU coating was studied using experiments in which the coating was exposed to water for defined periods (6 h, 24 h, 3 d, 14 d). Three hardening durations for the 1C-PU coating were tested (0 h, 24 h, 14 d) as well as two water matrices (ultrapure water and river water), including a successive water renewal...
August 9, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
B Choi, D Ryu, C-I Kim, J-Y Lee, A Choi, E Koh
The occurrence of ethyl carbamate was investigated in fermented foods and alcoholic beverages of the Korean total diet study. The concentrations of ethyl carbamate ranged from not-detected to 166.5 μg kg(-1). Dietary exposure to ethyl carbamate was estimated by the probabilistic method. Estimated intakes of ethyl carbamate from foods and alcoholic beverages were 4.12 ng kg(-1) body weight (bw) per day for average consumers and 12.37 ng kg(-1) bw per day for 95(th) percentile high consumers. The major foods contributing to ethyl carbamate exposure were soy sauce (63%), followed by maesilju (plum liqueur, 30%), whisky (5%), and bokbunjaju (black raspberry wine, 2%)...
August 7, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Liangbin Huang, Astrid M Olivares, Daniel John Weix
A new method for the synthesis of terminal and internal alkynes from the nickel-catalyzed decarboxylative coupling of N-hydroxyphthalimide esters (NHP esters) and bromoalkynes is presented. This reductive cross-electrophile coupling is the first to use a C(sp)-X electrophile, and appears to proceed via an alkynylnickel intermediate. The internal alkyne products are obtained in 41-95% yield without the need for a photocatalyst, light, or strong oxidant. The reaction displays a broad scope of carboxylic acid and alkyne coupling partners and can tolerate an array of functional groups including a carbamate N-H, halogen, nitrile, olefin, ketone, and ester...
August 7, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Tommaso Cassano, Antonio Lopalco, Modesto de Candia, Valentino Laquintana, Angela Lopedota, Annalisa Cutrignelli, Mara Perrone, Rosa M Iacobazzi, Gaurav Bedse, Massimo Franco, Nunzio Denora, Cosimo D Altomare
The neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) was covalently linked to oxazepam (OXA), a well-known positive allosteric modulator of γ-aminobutyric acid type-A (GABAA) receptor, through a carbamate linkage (4) or a succinic spacer (6). These conjugates were synthesized with the aim of improving the delivery of DA into the brain and enhancing GABAergic transmission, which may be useful for the long-term treatment of Parkinson disease (PD). Structure-based permeability properties, in vitro stability and blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability studies led to identify the OXA-DA carbamate conjugate 4a as the compound better combining sufficient stability and ability to cross BBB...
August 5, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Shilpa Narayan, Zeyan Liew, Jeff M Bronstein, Beate Ritz
OBJECTIVE: To study the influence of occupational pesticide use on Parkinson's disease (PD) in a population with information on various occupational, residential, and household sources of pesticide exposure. METHODS: In a population-based case control study in Central California, we used structured interviews to collect occupational history details including pesticide use in jobs, duration of use, product names, and personal protective equipment use from 360 PD cases and 827 controls...
August 2, 2017: Environment International
Alicja Utrata-Wesołek, Iwona Żymełka-Miara, Agnieszka Kowalczuk, Barbara Trzebicka, Andrzej Dworak
Hydrogels of biologically well-tolerated, high-molar-mass polyglycidol and its thermoresponsive derivative poly(glycidol-co-ethyl glycidyl carbamate) have been obtained by direct UV crosslinking in the solid state. Polymers with molar masses up to 1.45 x 10(6) g/mol were crosslinked in the presence of benzophenone or (4-benzoylbenzyl)trimethylammonium chloride as photosensitizers. The photosensitizer concentration was varied from 2 to 10 wt%. The influence of polymer composition and photosensitizer type and amount on the crosslinking efficiency, swelling and temperature behavior of the obtained hydrogels was investigated...
August 2, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Hung-Sheng Huang, Keng-Wei Lee, Chung-Han Ho, Chien-Chin Hsu, Shih-Bin Su, Jhi-Joung Wang, Hung-Jung Lin, Chien-Cheng Huang
PURPOSE: Previous animal studies have reported that acute anticholinesterase pesticide (organophosphate and carbamate) poisoning may affect thyroid hormones. However, there is no human study investigating the association between hypothyroidism and anticholinesterase pesticide poisoning, and therefore, we conducted a retrospective nationwide population-based cohort study to delineate this issue. METHODS: We identified 10,372 anticholinesterase pesticide poisoning subjects and matched 31,116 non-anticholinesterase pesticide poisoning subjects between 2003 and 2012 from the Nationwide Poisoning Database and the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000, respectively, in a 1:3 ratio by index date, age, and sex for this study...
July 29, 2017: Endocrine
Takeshi Yamada, Shouta Miki, Anisa Ul'Husna, Akiko Michikawa, Kazuhiko Nakatani
A series of new DNA binding molecules NCD-Cn-SH (n = 3, 4, 5, and 6) is reported, which possesses the NCD (naphthyridine carbamate dimer) domain selectively binding to the G-G mismatch in the 5'-CGG-3'/5'-CGG-3' sequence and a thiol moiety, which undergoes spontaneous dimerization to (NCD-Cn-S)2 upon oxidation under aerobic conditions. The S-S dimer (NCD-Cn-S)2 produced the 1:1 binding complex with improved thermal stability. The dimer binding to the CGG/CGG DNA showed higher positive cooperativity than the binding of monomer and previously synthesized NCTn derivative...
July 28, 2017: Organic Letters
T Berman T, T Göen, L Novack, L Beacher, L Grinshpan, D Segev, K Tordjman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Environment International
Mohammadreza Taheri, Mohsen Fotovati, Seyed-Kiumars Hosseini, Alireza Ghassempour
An interesting mode of chromatography for preparation of pure enantiomers from pure samples is the method of stacked injection as a pseudocontinuous procedure. Maximum throughput and minimal production costs can be achieved by the use of total chiral column length in this mode of chromatography. To maximize sample loading, often touching bands of the two enantiomers is automatically achieved. Conventional equations show direct correlation between touching-band loadability and the selectivity factor of two enantiomers...
July 27, 2017: Chirality
Tian-Ren Li, Liang-Qiu Lu, Ya-Ni Wang, Bao-Cheng Wang, Wen-Jing Xiao
Polycyclic indolines are the common and core structural motif of many indole alkaloids that usually exhibit biological activities. Here, we describe two copper-catalyzed cascade reactions between propargylic carbamates and indoles. By doing so, one-step and divergent synthesis of structurally distinct polycyclic indolines, quinoline-fused indolines, C(3a)-indolyl furoindolines, and pyrroloindolines was achieved in high synthetic efficiency and selectivity.
July 25, 2017: Organic Letters
Solène Passemard, Luca Szabó, François Noverraz, Elisa Montanari, Carmen Gonelle-Gispert, Léo Bühler, Christine Wandrey, Sandrine Gerber-Lemaire
The production of hydrogel microspheres (MS) for cell immobilization, maintaining the favorable properties of alginate gels but presenting enhanced performance in terms of in vivo durability and physical properties, is desirable to extend the therapeutic potential of cell transplantation. A novel type of hydrogel MS was produced by straightforward functionalization of sodium alginate (Na-alg) with heterotelechelic poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) derivatives equipped with either end thiol or 1,2-dithiolane moieties...
July 25, 2017: Biomacromolecules
Gonçalo Seixas, Linda Grigoraki, David Weetman, José Luís Vicente, Ana Clara Silva, João Pinto, John Vontas, Carla Alexandra Sousa
BACKGROUND: Aedes aegypti is a major mosquito vector of arboviruses, including dengue, chikungunya and Zika. In 2005, Ae. aegypti was identified for the first time in Madeira Island. Despite an initial insecticide-based vector control program, the species expanded throughout the Southern coast of the island, suggesting the presence of insecticide resistance. Here, we characterized the insecticide resistance status and the underlying mechanisms of two populations of Ae. aegypti from Madeira Island, Funchal and Paúl do Mar...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Shyam S Samanta, Stephane P Roche
An acetyl chloride-mediated cascade transformation involving a primary carbamate, ethyl glyoxylate and various types of nucleophiles is reported for the synthesis of orthogonally protected α-amino esters. These reactions proceeded rapidly to afford the pivotal α-chloroglycine intermediate in excellent yields which can be directly functionalized in situ with various types of nucleophiles. A mild and unique AcOH(cat.)/AcCl system was found to promote an autocatalytic-like condensation and facilitate the multicomponent assembly of non-proteinogenic α-amino esters...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Daria Giacomini, Giulia Martelli, Miriam Piccichè, Enrico Calaresu, Clementina Elvezia Anna Cocuzza, Rosario Musumeci
The emergence of multidrug resistant bacterial strains is particularly important in some chronic pathologies such as cystic fibrosis (CF), where persistent colonization and selection of resistant strains being favoured by the frequent and repeated use of antibacterial agents. Staphylococcus aureus is a common pathogen in CF patients with an associated increased multidrug resistance. In a previous research we demonstrated that the presence of a 4-alkylidene side chain directly linked to a beta-lactam appeared to strengthen the potency against S...
July 23, 2017: ChemMedChem
Catherine L Moyes, John Vontas, Ademir J Martins, Lee Ching Ng, Sin Ying Koou, Isabelle Dusfour, Kamaraju Raghavendra, João Pinto, Vincent Corbel, Jean-Philippe David, David Weetman
Both Aedes aegytpi and Ae. albopictus are major vectors of 5 important arboviruses (namely chikungunya virus, dengue virus, Rift Valley fever virus, yellow fever virus, and Zika virus), making these mosquitoes an important factor in the worldwide burden of infectious disease. Vector control using insecticides coupled with larval source reduction is critical to control the transmission of these viruses to humans but is threatened by the emergence of insecticide resistance. Here, we review the available evidence for the geographical distribution of insecticide resistance in these 2 major vectors worldwide and map the data collated for the 4 main classes of neurotoxic insecticide (carbamates, organochlorines, organophosphates, and pyrethroids)...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Kanae Umeda, Masatsugu Miyara, Keishi Ishida, Seigo Sanoh, Shigeru Ohta, Yaichiro Kotake
Glutamate receptor 2 (GluA2/GluR2) is one of the four subunits of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid receptor (AMPAR); an increase in GluA2-lacking AMPARs contributes to neuronal vulnerability to excitotoxicity because of the receptor's high Ca(2+) permeability. Carbofuran is a carbamate pesticide used in agricultural areas to increase crop productivity. Due to its broad-spectrum action, carbofuran has also been used as an insecticide, nematicide, and acaricide. In this study, we investigated the effect of carbofuran on GluA2 protein expression...
July 19, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
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