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E6 inhibitor

Kanchan Vishnoi, Sutapa Mahata, Abhishek Tyagi, Arvind Pandey, Gaurav Verma, Mohit Jadli, Tejveer Singh, Sukh Mahendra Singh, Alok C Bharti
Viral oncoproteins E6/E7 play key oncogenic role in human papillomavirus (HPV)-mediated cervical carcinogenesis in conjunction with aberrant activation of cellular signaling events. GLI-signaling has been implicated in metastasis and tumor recurrence of cervical cancer. However, the interaction of GLI-signaling with HPV oncogenes is unknown. We examined this relationship in established HPV-positive and HPV-negative cervical cancer cell lines using specific GLI inhibitor, cyclopamine and HPVE6/E7 siRNAs. Cervical cancer cell lines showed variable expression of GLI-signaling components...
September 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
Daniele Viarisio, Karin Müller-Decker, Jessica C Hassel, Jean-Claude Alvarez, Christa Flechtenmacher, Michael Pawlita, Lutz Gissmann, Massimo Tommasino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 17, 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Marie Saghaeian Jazi, Saeed Mohammadi, Yaghoub Yazdani, Sima Sedighi, Ali Memarian, Mehrdad Aghaei
OBJECTIVES: T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive hematologic malignant tumor. Administration of chemical compounds influencing apoptosis and T cell development has been discussed as promising novel therapeutic strategies. Valproic acid (VPA) as a recently emerged anti-neoplastic histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor and pioglitazone (PGZ) as a high-affinity peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) agonist have been shown to induce apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in different studies...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Katharine E Dooley, Alix Warburton, Alison A McBride
UNLABELLED: In cancer cells associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infections, the viral genome is very often found integrated into the cellular genome. The viral oncogenes E6 and E7 are transcribed from the viral promoter, and integration events that alter transcriptional regulation of this promoter contribute to carcinogenic progression. In this study, we detected highly enriched binding of the super-enhancer markers Brd4, MED1, and H3K27ac, visible as a prominent nuclear focus by immunofluorescence, at the tandemly integrated copies of HPV16 in cells of the cervical neoplasia cell line W12 subclone 20861...
2016: MBio
Hiroe Nakamura, Ayumi Taguchi, Kei Kawana, Akira Kawata, Mitsuyo Yoshida, Asaha Fujimoto, Juri Ogishima, Masakazu Sato, Tomoko Inoue, Haruka Nishida, Hitomi Furuya, Kensuke Tomio, Satoko Eguchi, Mayuyo Mori-Uchino, Aki Yamashita, Katsuyuki Adachi, Takahide Arimoto, Osamu Wada-Hiraike, Katsutoshi Oda, Takeshi Nagamatsu, Yutaka Osuga, Tomoyuki Fujii
In cervical cancer, p53-induced apoptosis is abrogated by human papilloma virus (HPV)-derived oncoprotein E6. Although tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) provides tumor-specific apoptosis in various cancers, including cervical cancer, the sensitivity differs depending on the cell lines. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a hub molecule that shifts the cellular fate to apoptosis or survival in response to cellular stresses. However, the contribution of STAT3 activity to TRAIL-induced apoptosis in cervical cancer remains unknown...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Juan Luis Callejas-Valera, Ramiro Iglesias-Bartolome, Panomwat Amornphimoltham, Julia Palacios-Garcia, Daniel Martin, Joseph A Califano, Alfredo A Molinolo, J Silvio Gutkind
The rising incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated malignancies, especially for oropharyngeal cancers, has highlighted the urgent need to understand how the interplay between high-risk HPV oncogenes and carcinogenic exposure results in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) development. Here, we describe an inducible mouse model expressing high risk HPV-16 E6/E7 oncoproteins in adults, bypassing the impact of these viral genes during development. HPV-16 E6/E7 genes were targeted to the basal squamous epithelia in transgenic mice using a doxycycline inducible cytokeratin 5 promoter (cK5-rtTA) system...
October 2016: Carcinogenesis
Xiaowei Wu, Lin Li, Yi Li, Zhihua Liu
Homologous to the E6-associated protein carboxyl terminus domain containing 3 (HECTD3) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase which ubiquitinates caspase-8, caspase-9 and promotes cancer cell survival. Aberrant HECTD3 expression is frequently involved in various types of cancer progression. However, to date, the regulation of HECTD3 remains unclear. Here, we demonstrated that miR-153 functions as a negative regulator of HECTD3 and sensitizes cisplatin-induced apoptosis in triple-negative breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231 and BT-549...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
Ruxing Xi, Shupei Pan, Xin Chen, Beina Hui, Li Zhang, Shenbo Fu, Xiaolong Li, Xuanwei Zhang, Tuotuo Gong, Jia Guo, Xiaozhi Zhang, Shaomin Che
High-risk human papillomavirus (HPV), especially HPV16, correlates with cancerogenesis of human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and we have reported that HPV16 related with a poor prognosis of ESCC patients in China. We aim to investigate the potential role and mechanism of HPV16 in ESCC development and progress. Our following researches demonstrated that ESCC cells which were stably transfected by HPV16 E6-E7 lentiviral vector showed a remarkable cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) phenotype, such as: migration, invasion, spherogenesis, high expression of CSCs marker in ESCC---p75NTR, chemoresistance, radioresistance, anti-apoptosis ability in vitro and cancerogenesis in vivo...
July 30, 2016: Oncotarget
J Yuan, Y-L Han, T-Y Wang, S Wu, L Tong, L-X Lin, M Li, L-L Wei, Z-H Zhong, G-M Zhang, Y Wang
OBJECTIVE: Inhibitor of growth 4 (ING4) is a candidate tumor suppressor which plays an important role in multiple processes including DNA repair, apoptosis, cell cycle control, tumor metastasis and angiogenesis. However, clinical data about the role of ING4 in the development and progression of cervical cancer are still limited. This study aimed to examine ING4 expression in cervical cancer and analyze its correlation with the progression of the malignancy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: RT-PCR, Western blot and immunohistochemistry analysis were performed to determine ING4 expression in 18 clinical specimens from cervical cancer patients...
July 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Cristian Ruiz-Moreno, Marlene Jimenez-Del-Rio, Ligia Sierra-Garcia, Betty Lopez-Osorio, Carlos Velez-Pardo
D-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) is a water-soluble derivative of natural vitamin E commonly used as a drug delivery agent. Recently, TPGS alone has been reported to induce cell death in lung, breast and prostate cancer. However, the effect of TPGS on cancer cell viability remains unclear. Thus, this study was aimed to evaluate the cytotoxic effect of TPGS on human periphral blood lymphocytes (PBL) and on T cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) Jurkat clone E6-1 cells and its possible mechanism of action...
September 2016: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
A A Clancy, J N Spaans, J I Weberpals
BACKGROUND: The incidence of vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (VSCC) has been on the rise since the 1990s. There has been no new treatment for advanced and recurrent disease in decades, with most women succumbing to the disease. Despite two distinct etiologies of VSCC, human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated and HPV-independent disease, there is no difference in therapeutic options. METHODS: A literature review was carried out by searching EMBASE and Medline databases between January 1990 and March 2016 by pairing the keywords of vulvar carcinoma, vulva cancer, vulvar and vulva with molecular markers involved in the cell cycle, apoptosis and angiogenesis...
September 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Sung Jong Lee, Andrew Yang, T C Wu, Chien Fu Hung
Cervical cancer is the fourth most lethal women's cancer worldwide. Current treatments against cervical cancer include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and anti-angiogenic agents. However, despite the various treatments utilized for the treatment of cervical cancer, its disease burden remains a global issue. Persistent infection of human papillomavirus (HPV) has been identified as an essential step of pathogenesis of cervical cancer and many other cancers, and nation-wide HPV screening as well as preventative HPV vaccination program have been introduced globally...
September 2016: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Juri Kwak, Joo Hee Shim, Indira Tiwari, Kyung Lib Jang
The E6-associated protein (E6AP) is a ubiquitin ligase that mediates ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of hepatitis C virus (HCV) core protein. Given the role of HCV core protein as a major component of the viral nucleocapsid, as well as a multifunctional protein involved in viral pathogenesis and hepatocarcinogenesis, HCV has likely evolved a strategy to counteract the host anti-viral defense mechanism of E6AP and maximize its potential to produce infectious virus particles. In the present study, we found that HCV core protein derived from either ectopic expression or HCV infection inhibits E6AP expression via promoter hypermethylation in human hepatocytes...
September 28, 2016: Cancer Letters
Amy K Sheaffer, Min S Lee, Huilin Qi, Susan Chaniewski, Xiaofan Zheng, Glen A Farr, Kim Esposito, David Harden, Ming Lei, Liang Schweizer, Jacques Friborg, Michele Agler, Fiona McPhee, Robert Gentles, Brett R Beno, Lou Chupak, Stephen Mason
A phenotypic high-throughput cell culture screen was performed to identify compounds that prevented proliferation of the human Papilloma virus type 16 (HPV-16) transformed cell line Ca Ski. A series of quinoxaline compounds exemplified by Compound 1 was identified. Testing against a panel of cell lines demonstrated that Compound 1 selectively inhibited replication of all HPV-16, HPV-18, and HPV-31 transformed cell lines tested with 50% Inhibitory Concentration (IC50) values of 2 to 8 μM relative to IC50 values of 28 to 73 μM in HPV-negative cell lines...
2016: PloS One
Annika Stiasny, Christina Kuhn, Doris Mayr, Christoph Alexiou, Christina Janko, Irmi Wiest, Udo Jeschke, Bernd Kost
BACKGROUND/AIM: High-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) subtypes (i.e. 16 and 18) lead to uterine cervical cancer as well as HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer (OSCC), a form of head and neck cancer. The induction of HPV-induced cancer is driven by virus-specific oncoproteins E6 and E7. E6 protein of HPV types 16 and 18 interacts with the E3 ubiquitin protein ligase, resulting in ubiquitination and proteolysis of tumor protein p53. E7 inactivates retinoblastoma protein (Rb) by phosphorylation followed by an increase of free eukaryotic transcription factor E2F (E2F) in the cell...
June 2016: Anticancer Research
Shuyu Feng, Yue Yang, Jingyi Lv, Lichun Sun, Mingqiu Liu
We investigated the effect of valproic acid (VPA), a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, and the mechanism of VPA-induced growth inhibition on three cervical cancer cell lines with different molecular and genetic background. We found that VPA induced proliferation suppression, cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in all tested cell lines, with an increase of Notch1 active form ICN1 as a tumor suppressor and its target gene HES1. Noteworthy, blocking of Notch signaling with DAPT resulted in growth inhibition in ICN1-overexpressing CaSki and HT-3 cells...
July 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Yang Sun, Xinyu Li, Shasha Song, Yongfang Wang, Heng Gu
BACKGROUND: Condyloma acuminatum (CA) is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases and induced by low-risk human papillomaviruses (HPVs), mainly HPV type 6 and 11. Here, we report the identification of (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) by an HPV11 infection cell model. RESULTS: The recombined HPV11.HaCaT cells had stable HPV 11 early genes expression. The introducing of HPV11 genome significantly increased the proliferation of HPV11.HaCaT cells, as well as the proportion of cells in S and G2/M phases...
May 9, 2016: Oncotarget
P Vici, L Pizzuti, L Mariani, G Zampa, D Santini, L Di Lauro, T Gamucci, C Natoli, P Marchetti, M Barba, M Maugeri-Saccà, D Sergi, F Tomao, E Vizza, S Di Filippo, F Paolini, G Curzio, G Corrado, A Michelotti, G Sanguineti, A Giordano, R De Maria, A Venuti
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is widely known as a cause of cervical cancer (CC) and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). HPVs related to cancer express two main oncogenes, i.e. E6 and E7, considered as tumorigenic genes; their integration into the host genome results in the abnormal regulation of cell cycle control. Due to their peculiarities, these oncogenes represent an excellent target for cancer immunotherapy. In this work the authors highlight the potential use of therapeutic vaccines as safe and effective pharmacological tools in cervical disease, focusing on vaccines that have reached the clinical trial phase...
October 2016: Expert Review of Vaccines
Lu Dai, Ning Gu, Bao-An Chen, Gerard Marriott
Human platelets were identified in tumors by Trousseau in 1865, although their roles in tumor microenvironments have only recently attracted the attention of cancer researchers. In this study we exploit and enhance platelet interactions in tumor microenvironments by introducing tumor-targeting and imaging functions. The first step in repurposing human platelets as vehicles for tumor-targeting was to inhibit platelet-aggregation by cytoplasmic-loading of kabiramide (KabC), a potent inhibitor of actin polymerization and membrane protrusion...
April 19, 2016: Oncotarget
Kalanghad Puthankalam Srinivas, Remadevi Viji, Vipin Mohan Dan, Indira Sukumaran Sajitha, Rajappan Prakash, Puthan Valappil Rahul, Thankayyan R Santhoshkumar, Subhadra Lakshmi, Madhavan Radhakrishna Pillai
DEPTOR is an endogenous inhibitor of mTOR complexes, de-regulated in cancers. The present study reveals a vital role for DEPTOR in survival of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). DEPTOR was found to be overexpressed in both cervical SCC cells and tissues and it's silencing in cervical SCC cells induced apoptosis, mainly by up-regulation of p38 MAPK and by inhibiting PI3K/AKT pathway via a feed-back inhibition from mTORC1-S6K. DEPTOR silencing resulted in reduced expression of the nitric oxide synthases iNOS and eNOS, as well as increased activation of ERK1/2 and p38 MAP kinases...
April 26, 2016: Oncotarget
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