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Mario C M M Souza, Andrew Grieco, Newton C Frateschi, Yeshaiahu Fainman
Miniaturized integrated spectrometers will have unprecedented impact on applications ranging from unmanned aerial vehicles to mobile phones, and silicon photonics promises to deliver compact, cost-effective devices. Mirroring its ubiquitous free-space counterpart, a silicon photonics-based Fourier transform spectrometer (Si-FTS) can bring broadband operation and fine resolution to the chip scale. Here we present the modeling and experimental demonstration of a thermally tuned Si-FTS accounting for dispersion, thermo-optic non-linearity, and thermal expansion...
February 14, 2018: Nature Communications
Mohamed Abbas, Juan Zhang, Ke Lin, Jiangang Chen
In this study, Fe3O4 nanocubes (NCs) decorated on RGO nanosheets (NSs) structures were successfully synthesized through an innovative and environmentally-friendly rapid sonochemical method. More importantly, iron(II) sulfate heptahydrate and GO were employed as precursors and water as reaction medium, meanwhile, NaOH within the generated free radicals from the high intensity ultrasound were sufficient as reducing and base agent in our clean synthesis. Moreover, the hydrothermal method as a conventional approach was employed to synthesize the same catalysts for the comparison with the ultrasonocation technique...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Maximilian K G Ehrhardt, Suzanne L Warring, Monica L Gerth
Identifying the ligands sensed by chemoreceptors remains challenging, in part because current screening methods are low-throughput, costly, and/or time-consuming. In contrast, fluorescence thermal shift (FTS) assays provide a fast and inexpensive approach to chemoreceptor-ligand screening. In FTS assays, the temperature at which a protein denatures is measured by monitoring the fluorescence of a dye with affinity for hydrophobic regions of the protein, which are exposed as the protein unfolds. A detectable increase (or "shift") in the melting temperature (T m ) of the protein in the presence of a potential ligand indicates binding...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Yoram A Weil, Feras Qawasmi, Meir Liebergall, Rami Mosheiff, Amal Khoury
BACKGROUND: Femoral neck fractures (FNF) are becoming increasingly common as population ages. Nondisplaced fractures are commonly treated by cancellous, parallel placed, partially threaded cannulated screws (PTS). This allows controlled fracture impaction. However, sliding implants can lead to femoral neck shortening (FNS) that has been shown to be correlated with reduced quality of life and impaired gait pattern. Recently, in our institution we have changed the fixation of FNF to fully threaded screws (FTS) with or without an additional partially threaded screw in order to minimize this phenomenon...
February 9, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Huipeng Chen, Mengyuan Li, Yi Zhang, Huikai Xie, Chang Chen, Zhangming Peng, Shaohui Su
Incorporating linear-scanning micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) micromirrors into Fourier transform spectral acquisition systems can greatly reduce the size of the spectrometer equipment, making portable Fourier transform spectrometers (FTS) possible. How to minimize the tilting of the MEMS mirror plate during its large linear scan is a major problem in this application. In this work, an FTS system has been constructed based on a biaxial MEMS micromirror with a large-piston displacement of 180 μm, and a biaxial H∞ robust controller is designed...
February 8, 2018: Sensors
Changlong Wei, Qing Wang, Xin Song, Xing Chen, Renjun Fan, Da Ding, Yun Liu
Little research has been carried out for the per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in groundwater from non-industrial areas, even though it has been proved that PFASs can transport for long distance. In this study, the concentration profiles and geographical distribution of 14 PFASs, including two alternatives of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), 6:2 fluorotelomer sulfonate (6:2 FTS) and potassium 9-chlorohexadecafluoro-3-oxanonane-1-sulfonate (F-53B), were analyzed in groundwater samples (n = 102) collected from water wells in non-industrial areas...
February 2, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Mohammad Madi, Frederik Ceyssens, Ivan Shorubalko, Hans Peter Herzig, Benedikt Guldimann, Philippe Giaccari
This article presents an innovative high spectral resolution waveguide spectrometer, from the concept to the prototype demonstration and the test results. The main goal is to build the smallest possible Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) with state of the art technology. This waveguide FTS takes advantage of a customized pattern of nano-samplers fabricated on the surface of a planar waveguide that allows the increase of the measurement points necessary for increasing the spectral bandwidth of the FTS in a fully static way...
February 5, 2018: Optics Express
M J Zhang, N Jing, K W Li, Z B Wang
A drifting model for the resonant frequency and retardation amplitude of a photo-elastic modulator (PEM) in the photo-elastic modulated Fourier transform spectrometer (PEM-FTs) is presented. A multi-parameter broadband-matching driving control method is proposed to improve the thermal stability of the PEM interferometer. The automatically frequency-modulated technology of the driving signal based on digital phase-locked technology is used to track the PEM's changing resonant frequency. Simultaneously the maximum optical-path-difference of a laser's interferogram is measured to adjust the amplitude of the PEM's driving signal so that the spectral resolution is stable...
January 2018: Review of Scientific Instruments
Bo Sun, Yong Sun, Chengxin Wang
Transparent and flexible materials are desired for the construction of photoelectric multifunctional integrated devices and portable electronics. Herein, 2H-SiC nanowires are assembled into a flexible, transparent, self-standing nanowire fabric (FTS-NWsF). The as-synthesized ultralong nanowires form high-quality crystals with a few stacking faults. The optical transmission spectra reveal that FTS-NWsF absorbs most incident 200-400 nm light, but remains transparent to visible light. A polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-SiC fabric-PDMS sandwich film device exhibits stable electrical output even when repeatedly stretched by up to 50%...
January 31, 2018: Small
Ning Li, Yang Li, Dejun Gong, Cuiping Xia, Xiaohong Liu, Zhiyun Xu
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we sought to explore an efficient decellularization protocol for bovine pericardia with better extracellular matrix preservation and good biocompatibility. METHODS: Bovine pericardia were decellularized by sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), SDS + sodium deoxycholate (SD), Triton X-100 (TX), TX + SD (TS), freeze-thaw cycles + SDS + SD (FSS) and freeze-thaw cycles + TX + SD (FTS), respectively. Untreated pericardia were used as native control...
January 10, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Charalampos Siotos, Konstantinos Stergios, Androniki Naska, Maximos Frountzas, Vasilios Pergialiotis, Despina N Perrea, Nikolaos Nikiteas
BACKGROUND: Fast track surgery has been implemented in colorectal procedures during the last decade and is accompanied by significant improvement in patient outcomes during the early postoperative period. However, to date, its adoption in upper gastrointestinal surgery remains a matter of debate. In this context, we aimed to summarize the existing evidence in the international literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched Medline, Scopus, and Cochrane Central Register databases for published randomized controlled trials...
January 12, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
Kebede Deribe, Amuam Andrew Beng, Jorge Cano, Abdel Jelil Njouendo, Jerome Fru-Cho, Abong Raphael Awah, Mathias Esum Eyong, Patrick W Chounna Ndongmo, Emanuele Giorgi, David M Pigott, Nick Golding, Rachel L Pullan, Abdisalan M Noor, Fikre Enquselassie, Christopher J L Murray, Simon J Brooker, Simon I Hay, Peter Enyong, Melanie J Newport, Samuel Wanji, Gail Davey
BACKGROUND: Podoconiosis is a non-filarial elephantiasis, which causes massive swelling of the lower legs. It was identified as a neglected tropical disease by WHO in 2011. Understanding of the geographical distribution of the disease is incomplete. As part of a global mapping of podoconiosis, this study was conducted in Cameroon to map the distribution of the disease. This mapping work will help to generate data on the geographical distribution of podoconiosis in Cameroon and contribute to the global atlas of podoconiosis...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Geraldine Cilpa-Karhu, Kari Laasonen
Single-shell carbon-encapsulated iron nanoparticles (SCEINs), Fe@C, have been shown to be charge-transfer complexes that can act as effective catalysts in the hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions. A new generation of Fe-based catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) which resembles SCEINs, e.g. single carbide nanoparticles encapsulated in carbon shells, has demonstrated enhanced activity and stability for FTS as compared to other carbon-supported Fe-based FTS. Thus the catalytic ability of SCEINs for the water splitting reactions and the Fe-based FTS catalyst with SCEINs-like features stimulated our exploration of SCEINs-catalyzed FTS...
January 11, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Carolina Motter Catarino, Tatiana do Nascimento Pedrosa, Paula Comune Pennacchi, Silvia Romano de Assis, Fabrícia Gimenes, Márcia Edilaine Lopes Consolaro, Silvia Berlanga de Moraes Barros, Silvya Stuchi Maria-Enlger
Currently, there is a strong global trend towards the development of in vitro models to replace the use of animals in safety evaluation tests. Reconstructed Human Epidermis (RHE) models have been employed as an alternative method to animal testing of skin corrosion and irritation potential of chemical compounds. However, the consequences of an absence of the dermal compartment in these models should be considered since the cross-talk between fibroblasts and keratinocytes is fundamental for promoting proper epidermal stratification, homeostasis, inflammatory response and wound healing...
January 6, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Qing Liu, Li Ding, Honglei Jiang, Chundong Zhang, Junzhe Jin
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of efficacy and security of fast track surgery (FTS) in laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library Databases and supplemented by other searches to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the comparison of fast track surgery combined with laparoscopy versus laparoscopy separately used in radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer before December 2016. After screening for inclusion, data extraction, and quality assessment, meta-analysis was conducted by the Review Manager 5...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
Jitrayut Jitonnom, James R Ketudat-Cairns, Supa Hannongbua
Fructosyltransferases (FTs) act on sucrose by cleaving the β-(2→1) linkage, releasing glucose, and then transferring the fructosyl group to an acceptor molecule. These enzymes are capable of producing prebiotic fructooligosaccharides (FOSs) that are of industrial interest. While several FOS-synthesizing enzymes FTs have been investigated, their catalytic mechanism is not yet fully understood, especially the molecular details of how FOS are enzymatically synthesized from sucrose. Here, we present a comparative quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) study on the hydrolysis and transfructosylation reactions catalyzed by A...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Yongqiang Gao, Michaela Wenzel, Martijs J Jonker, Leendert W Hamoen
The conserved cell division protein SepF aligns polymers of FtsZ, the key cell division protein in bacteria, during synthesis of the (Fts)Z-ring at midcell, the first stage in cytokinesis. In addition, SepF acts as a membrane anchor for the Z-ring. Recently, it was shown that SepF overexpression in Mycobacterium smegmatis blocks cell division. Why this is the case is not known. Surprisingly, we found in Bacillus subtilis that SepF overproduction does not interfere with Z-ring assembly, but instead blocks assembly of late division proteins responsible for septum synthesis...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Tobias Neidel, Nicolas Salvador, Axel R Heller
BACKGROUND: Major incidents are characterized by a lack of resources compared to an overwhelming number of casualties, requiring a prioritization of medical treatment. Triage algorithms are an essential tool for prioritizing the urgency of treatment for patients, but the evidence to support one over another is very limited. We determined the influence of blood pressure limits on the diagnostic value of triage algorithms, considering if pulse should be palpated centrally or peripherally...
December 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Juan Sebastian Yakisich, Yogesh Kulkarni, Neelam Azad, Anand Krishnan V Iyer
The presence of highly resistant cancer cells and the toxicity to normal cells are key factors that limit chemotherapy. Here, we used two models of highly resistant lung cancer cells: (1) adherent cells growing under prolonged periods of serum starvation (PPSS) and (2) cells growing as floating tumorspheres (FTs) to evaluate the effect of Verapamil (VP) in combination with Sorafenib (SF). Compared to cells growing under routine culture conditions (RCCs), PPPS cells or FTs were highly sensitive to short-term exposure (24 h) to VP 100 μM + SF 5 μM (VP100 + SF5)...
2017: Stem Cells International
Andrew M Beale, Simon D M Jacques, Marco Di Michiel, J Frederick W Mosselmans, Stephen W T Price, Pierre Senecal, Antonios Vamvakeros, James Paterson
The imaging of catalysts and other functional materials under reaction conditions has advanced significantly in recent years. The combination of the computed tomography (CT) approach with methods such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) now enables local chemical and physical state information to be extracted from within the interiors of intact materials which are, by accident or design, inhomogeneous. In this work, we follow the phase evolution during the initial reduction step(s) to form Co metal, for Co-containing particles employed as Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) catalysts; firstly, working at small length scales (approx...
January 13, 2018: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
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