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Stephen W T Price, David J Martin, Aaron D Parsons, Wojciech A Sławiński, Antonios Vamvakeros, Stephen J Keylock, Andrew M Beale, J Frederick W Mosselmans
Although we often understand empirically what constitutes an active catalyst, there is still much to be understood fundamentally about how catalytic performance is influenced by formulation. Catalysts are often designed to have a microstructure and nanostructure that can influence performance but that is rarely considered when correlating structure with function. Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) is a well-known and potentially sustainable technology for converting synthetic natural gas ("syngas": CO + H2) into functional hydrocarbons, such as sulfur- and aromatic-free fuel and high-value wax products...
March 2017: Science Advances
Tao Li, Hui Zhao
The paper addresses the finite-time convergence problem of a uncalibrated camera-robot system with uncertainties. These uncertainties include camera extrinsic and intrinsic parameters, robot dynamics and feature depth parameters, which are all considered as time-varying uncertainties. In order to achieve a better dynamic stability performance of the camera-robot system, a novel FTS adaptive controller is presented to cope with rapid convergence problem. Meanwhile, FTS adaptive laws are proposed to handle these uncertainties which exist both in robot and in camera model...
March 11, 2017: ISA Transactions
Eldad Katorza, Itai Gat, Nir Duvdevani, Nir Meller, Noam Pardo, Eran Barzilay, Reuven Achiron
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe fetal brain anomalies identified during nuchal translucency (NT) examination and their clinical management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we evaluated charts of pregnant women performed the first trimester scan (FTS) between 1.1.2011 and 31.12.14 in a tertiary referral center. Study population consisted of 952 patients scheduled for routine NT scan for aneuploidy screening between 11.0 and 13...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
C J Oxley, R Dennick, P Batchelor
Background There have been anecdotal concerns that the skill mix of recently qualified graduates is very different to those qualifying several years ago, in particular that the clinical skills on qualification are less. If true, such changes may have ramifications for providers of undergraduate training, postgraduate training, particularly at foundation training level, and ultimately the public.Aim The aim of this study was to assess changes in perceived standards of newly qualified graduates as reported by foundation trainers...
March 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
I G Bakulin, Yu G Sandler, E V Vinnitskaya, V A Keiyan, S V Rodionova, D L Rotin
AIM: To estimate the incidence of hepatic steatosis (HS) and liver fibrosis (LF) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), by applying the noninvasive techniques of liver fibroelastometry (LFE) and a battery of fibrotests (FTs); to determine their diagnostic value and to identify factors influencing the development of LF. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A comprehensive examination was made in 82 diabetic patients (mean age, 56.7±12.7 years; p=0.033). The data were statistically evaluated using ROC curve analysis, correlation and single-factor analyses of variance, and multiple logistic regression analysis...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Makoto Ginya, Makoto Kimura, Tetsuo Iwata
We propose a method for high-sensitivity optical rotatory dispersion (ORD) measurement of optically active samples that takes advantage of the nonlinear behavior of the geometric phase (GP). To measure the GP as a function of wavelength, we use a multichannel Fourier transform spectrometer (MC-FTS) that is based on Savart plate birefringent-polarization interference, into which we newly insert a zeroth-order quarter-wave plate (QWP). The modified MC-FTS allows us to measure the wavelength dependence of the GP and thus that of the optical rotation angle due to the sample...
February 20, 2017: Optics Express
F Chen, K Gaitskell, M J Garcia, A Albukhari, J Tsaltas, A A Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Serous tubal intraepithelial carcinomas (STICs) have been documented in high-grade serous ovarian carcinomas (HGSOCs). However, the rate of association between STICs and HGSOCs and, therefore, the fraction of HGSOCs that are likely to have originated from the fallopian tube (FT), has remained unclear. OBJECTIVE: To appraise the literature describing the association between STICs and established HGSOCs. SEARCH STRATEGY: Ovid MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched...
February 20, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
R Liu, W Damman, M Reijnierse, J L Bloem, F R Rosendaal, M Kloppenburg
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between bone marrow lesions (BMLs) and (teno)synovitis as assessed on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in patients with pain in hand osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: In 105 consecutive primary hand OA patients (83% women, mean age 59 years), who were diagnosed by rheumatologists and included in the HOSTAS (Hand OSTeoArthritis in Secondary care) cohort, contrast enhanced MR imaging of right distal and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints were obtained...
February 12, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Tim A Wezendonk, Quirinus S E Warringa, Vera P Santos, Adam Chojecki, Matthijs Ruitenbeek, Garry Meima, Michiel Makkee, Freek Kapteijn, Jorge Gascon
The structure and elementary composition of various commercial Fe-based MOFs used as precursors for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) catalysts have a large influence on the high-temperature FTS activity and selectivity of the resulting Fe on carbon composites. The selected Fe-MOF topologies (MIL-68, MIL-88A, MIL-100, MIL-101, MIL-127, and Fe-BTC) differ from each other in terms of porosity, surface area, Fe and heteroatom content, crystal density and thermal stability. They are re-engineered towards FTS catalysts by means of simple pyrolysis at 500 °C under a N2 atmosphere and afterwards characterized in terms of porosity, crystallite phase, bulk and surface Fe content, Fe nanoparticle size and oxidation state...
February 14, 2017: Faraday Discussions
Pieter van Helden, Jan-Albert van den Berg, Melissa A Petersen, Werner Janse van Rensburg, Ionel M Ciobîcă, Jan van de Loosdrecht
A multi-site microkinetic model for the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) reaction up to C2 products on a FCC cobalt catalyst surface is presented. This model utilizes a multi-faceted cobalt nanoparticle model for the catalyst, consisting of the two dominant cobalt surface facets Co(111) and Co(100), and a step site represented by the Co(211) surface. The kinetic parameters for the intermediates and transition states on these sites were obtained using plane-wave, periodic boundary condition density functional theory...
February 10, 2017: Faraday Discussions
Peng Zhai, Pei-Pei Chen, Jinglin Xie, Jin-Xun Liu, Huabo Zhao, Lili Lin, Bo Zhao, Hai-Yan Su, Qingjun Zhu, Wei-Xue Li, Ding Ma
Various carbonaceous species were controllably deposited on Co/Al2O3 catalysts using ethylene as carbon source during the activation process for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS). Atomic, polymeric and graphitic carbon were distinguished by Raman spectroscopy, thermoanalysis and temperature programmed hydrogenation. Significant changes occurred in both the catalytic activity and selectivity toward hydrocarbon products after ethylene treatment. The activity decreased along with an increase in CH4 selectivity, at the expense of a remarkable decrease of heavy hydrocarbon production, resulting in enhanced selectivity for the gasoline fraction...
February 10, 2017: Faraday Discussions
Liping Wu, Yilin Pang, Guiqi Qin, Gaina Xi, Shengnan Wu, Xiaoping Wang, Tongsheng Chen
Dihydroartemisinin (DHA) and artesunate (ARS), two artemisinin derivatives, have efficacious anticancer activities against human hepatocarcinoma (HCC) cells. This study aims to study the anticancer action of the combination treatment of DHA/ARS and farnesylthiosalicylic acid (FTS), a Ras inhibitor, in HCC cells (Huh-7 and HepG2 cell lines). FTS pretreatment significantly enhanced DHA/ARS-induced phosphatidylserine (PS) externalization, Bak/Bax activation, mitochondrial membrane depolarization, cytochrome c release, and caspase-8 and -9 activations, characteristics of the extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis...
2017: PloS One
C J Weststrate, J W Niemantsverdriet
Monomeric forms of carbon play a central role in the synthesis of long chain hydrocarbons via the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS). We explored the chemistry of C1Hxad species on the close-packed surface of cobalt. Our findings on this simple model catalyst highlight the important role of surface hydrogen and vacant sites for product selectivity. We furthermore find that COad affects hydrogen in multiple ways. It limits the adsorption capacity for Had, lowers its adsorption energy and inhibits dissociative H2 adsorption...
February 7, 2017: Faraday Discussions
Eran Schmukler, Eya Wolfson, Zvulun Elazar, Yoel Kloog, Ronit Pinkas-Kramarski
High percentage of human cancers involves alteration or mutation in Ras proteins, including the most aggressive malignancies, such as lung, colon and pancreatic cancers. FTS (Salirasib) is a farnesylcysteine mimetic, which acts as a functional Ras inhibitor, and was shown to exert anti-tumorigenic effects in vitro and in vivo. Previously, we have demonstrated that short-term treatment with FTS also induces protective autophagy in several cancer cell lines. Drug resistance is frequently observed in cancer cells exposed to prolonged treatment, and is considered a major cause for therapy inefficiency...
2017: PloS One
Hsian-Jenn Wang, Lin-Gwei Wei, Chi-Hsien Wang, Ya-Chen Cheng, Junn-Liang Chang, Tai-Li Tsou, Chih-Hung Ku, Chun-Chang Li, Wen-Kuan Chiu, Chieh-Feng Chen
BACKGROUND: Although tendon-exposed or bone-exposed wounds can be resurfaced with flaps, such surgeries may not be feasible in patients with poor general or local conditions. Biosynthetic artificial skin is an alternative for critical wound coverage. We designed a new artificial skin bilayer to close difficult wounds permanently. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This study compares incorporation and wound contraction between silicone acellular porcine dermis (SAPD) and the Integra graft (Integra Life Sciences Corp...
March 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Virginie Boiteux, Xavier Dauchy, Cristina Bach, Adeline Colin, Jessica Hemard, Véronique Sagres, Christophe Rosin, Jean-François Munoz
Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are emerging contaminants that have been detected in the environment, biota and humans. Drinking water is a route of exposure for populations using water contaminated by PFAS discharges. This research entailed measuring concentrations, mass flows and investigating the fate of dozens PFASs in a river receiving effluents from a fluorochemical manufacturing facility. To measure the total concentration of perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acid (PFCA) precursors, an oxidative conversion method was used...
January 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Zhiwen Yu, Zhiqiang Wang, Jane You, Jun Zhang, Jiming Liu, Hau-San Wong, Guoqiang Han
Nonparametric statistical analysis, such as the Friedman test (FT), is gaining more and more attention due to its useful applications in a lot of experimental studies. However, traditional FT for the comparison of multiple learning algorithms on different datasets adopts the naive ranking approach. The ranking is based on the average accuracy values obtained by the set of learning algorithms on the datasets, which neither considers the differences of the results obtained by the learning algorithms on each dataset nor takes into account the performance of the learning algorithms in each run...
October 3, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
O Lupan, V Postica, J Gröttrup, A K Mishra, N H de Leeuw, J F C Carreira, J Rodrigues, N Ben Sedrine, M R Correia, T Monteiro, V Cretu, I Tiginyanu, D Smazna, Y K Mishra, R Adelung
In this work, the exceptionally improved sensing capability of highly porous three-dimensional (3-D) hybrid ceramic networks toward reducing gases is demonstrated for the first time. The 3-D hybrid ceramic networks are based on doped metal oxides (MexOy and ZnxMe1-xOy, Me = Fe, Cu, Al) and alloyed zinc oxide tetrapods (ZnO-T) forming numerous junctions and heterojunctions. A change in morphology of the samples and formation of different complex microstructures is achieved by mixing the metallic (Fe, Cu, Al) microparticles with ZnO-T grown by the flame transport synthesis (FTS) in different weight ratios (ZnO-T:Me, e...
February 1, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ameya P Nayate, James E Schmitt, Suyash Mohan, Ilya M Nasrallah
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Fluoroscopy-guided lumbar puncture (FGLP) is an operator-dependent procedure that can contribute to lifetime cumulative radiation dose. Benchmark fluoroscopic times (FTs) have been published for ranges of body mass index (BMI), but trends in FT in FGLPs performed by neuroradiology trainees during their training have not been studied. The purpose of this study was to investigate the trends in FTs in FGLPs performed by neuroradiology fellows in an academic year...
January 16, 2017: Academic Radiology
Wei-Zhen Li, Jin-Xun Liu, Jun Gu, Wu Zhou, Si-Yu Yao, Rui Si, Yu Guo, Hai-Yan Su, Chun-Hua Yan, Wei-Xue Li, Ya-Wen Zhang, Ding Ma
Ruthenium is a promising low-temperature catalyst for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS). However, its scarcity and modest specific activity limit its widespread industrialization. We demonstrate here a strategy for tuning the crystal phase of catalysts to expose denser and active sites for a higher mass-specific activity. Density functional theory calculations show that upon CO dissociation there are a number of open facets with modest barrier available on the face-centered cubic (fcc) Ru but only a few step edges with a lower barrier on conventional hexagonal-closest packed (hcp) Ru...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
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