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enhance recovery after surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679338/c-reactive-protein-on-postoperative-day-1-a-predictor-of-early-intra-abdominal-infections-after-bariatric-surgery
#1
Dino Kröll, Dominik Nakhostin, Guido Stirnimann, Suna Erdem, Tobias Haltmeier, Philipp Christoph Nett, Yves Michael Borbély
BACKGROUND: Early intra-abdominal infections (IAI) compromise short-term outcomes in bariatric surgery. The timely detection of IAI is challenging but essential to prevent major sequelae of such complications. C-reactive protein (CRP) is a reliable marker for detecting IAI after colorectal surgery. In bariatric surgery, data on CRP as a marker for IAI are limited, particularly for postoperative day one (POD1). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess CRP on POD1 as a predictor for early IAI (within 7 days following surgery) in patients after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB)...
April 21, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672400/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-pathway-in-esophagectomy-is-a-reasonable-prediction-of-hospital-stay-possible
#2
Paolo Parise, Carlo Ferrari, Andrea Cossu, Francesco Puccetti, Ugo Elmore, Stefano De Pascale, Leonardo Garutti, Uberto Romario Fumagalli, Mariaclelia Stefania Di Serio, Riccardo Rosati
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether perioperative variables or deviation from enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) items could be associated with delayed discharge after esophagectomy, and to convert them into a scoring system to predict it. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: ERAS perioperative pathways have been recently applied to esophageal resections. However, low adherence to ERAS items and high rates of protocol deviations are often reported. METHODS: All patients who underwent esophagectomy between April 2012 and March 2017 were managed with a standardized perioperative pathway according to ERAS principles...
April 18, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668717/using-the-normalization-process-theory-to-qualitatively-explore-sense-making-in-implementation-of-the-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-programme-it-s-not-rocket-science
#3
Eileen Sutton, Georgia Herbert, Sorrel Burden, Stephen Lewis, Steve Thomas, Andy Ness, Charlotte Atkinson
INTRODUCTION: The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery programme (ERAS) is an approach to the perioperative care of patients encompassing multiple interventions and involving a wide range of different actors. It can thus be defined as a complex intervention. Despite the strength of the evidence-base in its support, the implementation of ERAS has been slow. This paper specifically explores the utility of Normalization Process Theory (NPT) as a methodological framework to aid exploration of ERAS implementation, with a focus on the core NPT construct coherence...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667153/supplemented-amino-acids-may-enhance-the-walking-recovery-of-elderly-subjects-after-hip-fracture-surgery
#4
Roberto Aquilani, Carlo Zuccarelli Ginetto, Carla Rutili, Pietro Pisano, Evasio Pasini, Eleonora Baldissarro, Manuela Verri, Federica Boschi
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether supplemented essential amino acids (EAAs) could enhance rehabilitation therapy (Rehab) for recovery of walking capacity in subjects after hip fracture surgery (HFS). Eighty-three elderly subjects with HFS (20 ± 11 days after acute trauma) were eligible for the study and randomized to receive Rehab only (Rehab; n = 27), Rehab + placebo (RP; n = 28) or Rehab + EAAs (RE 8 g/day; n = 28). The patients' walking capacity (m) was measured by 6-min walking distance (6MWD) at admission and at discharge (median 66 days after admission)...
April 17, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666000/how-does-the-application-of-surgical-components-in-enhanced-recovery-programs-for-colorectal-surgery-change-over-time
#5
Julie Veziant, Daniel Leonard, Bruno Pereira, Karem Slim
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery programs (ERP) improve post-operative outcomes in proportion to how fully they are implemented. Maintaining an optimal level of application of all the ER components is thus essential. Our aim was to assess the sustainability of ER surgical components 2 years after their first implementation. METHOD: Patients undergoing elective colorectal resections were included in a prospective database. To retrospectively analyze compliance with ERP over a period of 24 months, the following components were considered: colonic preparation, surgical approach, nasogastric tube omission and absence of abdominal drainage...
April 14, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664800/randomized-controlled-trial-of-extended-perioperative-counseling-in-enhanced-recovery-after-colorectal-surgery
#6
Håvard Mjørud Forsmo, Christian Erichsen, Anne Rasdal, Jon Meyer Tvinnereim, Hartwig Körner, Frank Pfeffer
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery programs reduce the length of hospital stay in patients who undergo elective colorectal resection, but the reasons for this reduction are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to assess the impact of extended perioperative counseling in treatment groups that were otherwise the same with respect to enhanced recovery after surgery criteria. DESIGN: Patients eligible for open or laparoscopic colorectal resection were randomly assigned to extended counseling (repeated information and guidance by a dedicated nurse) or standard counseling...
April 16, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664527/-perioperative-nutrition-in-eras-protocols
#7
Andrés Sánchez C, Karin Papapietro V
The trauma involved in any surgical procedure, even if elective, causes a metabolic stress response characterized by postoperative insulin resistance (PIR). PIR is considered a surgical stress marker and is associated with increased morbidity and postoperative length of stay. PIR worsens when the patient is operated in a state of prolonged preoperative fasting or when postoperative feeding is delayed. The ERAS Protocols (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) includes anesthetic, surgical, kinesiology, nutritional and nursing interventions aimed to modulate PIR...
November 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662294/application-of-enhanced-recovery-after-gastric-cancer-surgery-an-updated-meta-analysis
#8
Liu-Hua Wang, Ren-Fei Zhu, Cheng Gao, Shou-Lin Wang, Li-Zong Shen
AIM: To provide an updated assessment of the safety and efficacy of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols in elective gastric cancer (GC) surgery. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, World Health Organization International Trial Register, and Cochrane Library were searched up to June 2017 for all available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing ERAS protocols and standard care (SC) in GC surgery. Thirteen RCTs, with a total of 1092 participants, were analyzed in this study, of whom 545 underwent ERAS protocols and 547 received SC treatment...
April 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661495/narcotics-reduction-quality-and-safety-in-gynecologic-oncology-surgery-in-the-first-year-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocol-implementation
#9
Jennifer E Bergstrom, Marla E Scott, Yewande Alimi, Ting-Tai Yen, Deborah Hobson, Karime K Machado, Edward J Tanner, Amanda N Fader, Sarah M Temkin, Stephanie Wethington, Kimberly Levinson, Sam Sokolinsky, Brandyn Lau, Rebecca L Stone
OBJECTIVES: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programs are mechanisms for achieving value-based improvements in surgery. This report provides a detailed analysis of the impact of an ERAS program on patient outcomes as well as quality and safety measures during implementation on a gynecologic oncology service at a major academic medical center. METHODS: A retrospective review of gynecologic oncology patients undergoing elective laparotomy during the implementation phase of an ERAS program (January 2016 through December 2016) was performed...
April 13, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661153/improved-analgesia-and-reduced-post-operative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-implementation-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-pathway-for-total-mastectomy
#10
Catherine Chiu, Pedram Aleshi, Laura J Esserman, Christina Inglis-Arkell, Edward Yap, Elizabeth L Whitlock, Monica W Harbell
BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) pathways have been shown in multiple surgical disciplines to improve outcomes, including reduced opioid consumption, length of stay, and post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV). However, very few studies describe the application of ERAS to breast surgery and even fewer describe ERAS for outpatient surgery. We describe the implementation and efficacy of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) pathway for total skin-sparing mastectomy with immediate reconstruction in an outpatient setting...
April 16, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659470/meta-analysis-of-perioperative-outcomes-of-acute-laparoscopic-vs-open-repair-of-perforated-gastroduodenal-ulcers
#11
Roberto Cirocchi, Kjetil Soreide, Salomone Di Saverio, Elena Rossi, Alberto Arezzo, Mauro Zago, Iosief Abraha, Nereo Vettoretto, Massimo Chiarugi
BACKGROUND: Surgery is the treatment of choice for perforated peptic ulcer disease (PUD). The aim of the present review is to compare the perioperative outcomes of acute laparoscopic versus open repair for PUD. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in PubMed, SCOPUS and Web of Science RESULTS: The search included eight RCTs: 615 patients comparing laparoscopic (307 patients) versus open peptic perforated ulcer repair (308 patients)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658673/-application-of-rehabilitation-medicine-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery
#12
Haijun Li, Zuobing Chen
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) has been widely used in perioperative optimization. As an important component of ERAS, rehabilitation medicine mainly focuses on perioperative physical fitness management, respiratory training, exercise training to reduce the incidence of postoperative pulmonary infection, improve gastrointestinal and cardiopulmonary function. This paper explains rehabilitation medicine for respiratory, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular and digestive systems during the perioperative period...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658672/-present-situation-and-prospect-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-in-pancreatic-surgery
#13
Mengyu Feng, Taiping Zhang, Yupei Zhao
Enhanced recovery after surgery is a multimodal perioperative strategy according to the evidence-based medicine and multidisciplinary collaboration, aiming to improve the restoration of functional capacity after surgery by reducing surgical stress, optimal control of pain, early oral diet and early mobilization. Compared with other sub-specialty in general surgery, pancreatic surgery is characterized by complex disease, highly difficult procedure and more postoperative complications. Accordingly, pancreatic surgery shares a slow development in enhanced recovery after surgery...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658665/-application-of-enhanced-recovery-program-in-laparoscopic-distal-pancreatectomy
#14
Yuan Ding, Zhongquan Sun, Wenyan Zhang, Xiangying Zhang, Yuancong Jiang, Sheng Yan, Weilin Wang
<b>Objective:</b> To evaluate the feasibility and safety of applying enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol in patients undergoing laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy. <b>Methods:</b> Data of 36 patients undergoing laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy from May 2016 to May 2017 in the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine were reviewed. The patients were divided into ERAS group (<i>n</i>=12) and control group (<i>n</i>=24). The patients in ERAS group received a series of enhanced recovery procedures, including multimodal analgesia, early off-bed activity and early oral food-taking, etc...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656606/a-meta-analysis-on-the-surgical-management-of-paraganglioma-of-the-carotid-body-per-shamblin-class
#15
Thijs T G Jansen, Henri A M Marres, Johannes H A M Kaanders, Henricus P M Kunst
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study is to evaluate the risk associated with different types of surgery for carotid body paraganglioma of different Shamblin class. A meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate per tumour class, the local control, cranial nerve damage and complication rates of different techniques using internal carotid artery (ICA) and external carotid artery (ECA) ligation, clamping or bypassing, as well as the cranio-caudal versus caudo-cranial techniques. DESIGN: A meta-analysis is conducted after a systematic search in PubMed and the Cochrane library, in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines...
April 15, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656582/hyperactive-cyclic-motor-activity-in-the-distal-colon-after-colonic-surgery-as-defined-by-high-resolution-colonic-manometry
#16
R Vather, G O'Grady, A Y Lin, P Du, C I Wells, D Rowbotham, J Arkwright, L K Cheng, P G Dinning, I P Bissett
BACKGROUND: Recovery after colonic surgery is invariably delayed by disturbed gut motility. It is commonly assumed that colonic motility becomes quiescent after surgery, but this hypothesis has not been evaluated rigorously. This study quantified colonic motility through the early postoperative period using high-resolution colonic manometry. METHODS: Fibre-optic colonic manometry was performed continuously before, during and after surgery in the left colon and rectum of patients undergoing right hemicolectomy, and in healthy controls...
April 14, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650138/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-pathways-role-and-outcomes-in-the-management-of-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Daniel Zainfeld, Ankeet Shah, Siamak Daneshmand
Radical cystectomy remains the gold standard therapy for the treatment of muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma, yet is accompanied by significant rates of perioperative complications and readmission. Enhanced recovery protocols aim to apply evidence-based principles of care to ameliorate the morbidity of this procedure by enabling better tolerance of and recovery from radical cystectomy. Multiple patient series have demonstrated the capacity for enhanced-recovery-after-surgery (ERAS) principles to improve outcomes among patients undergoing radical cystectomy through decreased incidence of gastrointestinal complications and decreased length of hospitalization without increased readmissions or overall morbidity...
May 2018: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649033/predictors-of-admission-after-the-implementation-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-pathway-for-minimally-invasive-gynecologic-surgery
#18
Dayley S Keil, Lauren D Schiff, Erin T Carey, Janelle K Moulder, Amy M Goetzinger, Seema M Patidar, Lyla M Hance, Lavinia M Kolarczyk, Robert S Isaak, Paula D Strassle, Jay W Schoenherr
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways in gynecologic surgery have been shown to decrease length of stay with no impact on readmission, but no study has assessed predictors of admission in this population. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of admission after laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) and robotic-assisted hysterectomy (RAH) performed under an ERAS pathway. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study of women undergoing LH/RAH for benign indications within an ERAS pathway...
April 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629205/enhanced-recovery-pathways-in-thoracic-surgery-the-shanghai-experience
#19
REVIEW
Firas Abu Akar, Zhigang Chen, Chenlu Yang, Jian Chen, Lei Jiang
The attempts to implement the enhanced recovery (ER) program based on multiple specialties to minimize errors and complications in addition to speeding up the patient's treatment and recovery as much as possible. In China mainland, there is no unified hospital system and there are large differences between hospitals' results and protocols. The patient length of stay rate at the Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital (very high-volume referral hospital) is 7 days and may be considered a very good result compared to international rates...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629204/vats-group-eras-registry
#20
REVIEW
Jacopo Vannucci, Stefano Costi, Alberto Matricardi, Elisa Scarnecchia, Andrea Droghetti
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a multimodal, polyhedral approach to surgical management for patients undergoing surgical therapy. Since ERAS is not a specific procedure, these protocols are not exclusively created for particular clinical settings but they are prone to be adapted to a large variety of healthcare programs after surgery. ERAS Society was the platform in which a new multidisciplinary methodology to promote a fast recovery, a considerable patient involvement and resource optimization has been developed...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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