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enhance recovery after surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726359/earplugs-during-the-first-night-after-cardiothoracic-surgery-may-improve-a-fast-track-protocol
#1
Johannes Menger, Bernhard Urbanek, Keso Skhirtladze-Dworschak, Viktoria Wolf, Arabella Fischer, Harald Rinösl, Martin Dworschak
BACKGROUND: Sleep deprivation after major surgery is common and associated with worse outcome. Noise is one important reason for sleep fragmentation, which contributes to enhanced morbidity. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the impact of earplugs on patients' sleep quality during their first night after cardiothoracic surgery to eventually improve an existing fast-track concept. METHODS: Sixty-three patients undergoing cardiothoracic surgery eligible for a postoperative fast- track regimen on our cardiothoracic post anaesthesia care unit (C-PACU) were prospectively included...
July 20, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717841/variation-in-care-for-surgical-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-protocol-adherence-in-12-european-hospitals
#2
Ruben van Zelm, Ellen Coeckelberghs, Walter Sermeus, Anthony De Buck van Overstraeten, Arved Weimann, Deborah Seys, Massimiliano Panella, Kris Vanhaecht
PURPOSE: Surgical care for patients with colorectal cancer has become increasingly standardized. The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol is a widely accepted structured care method to improve postoperative outcomes of patients after surgery. Despite growing evidence of effectiveness, adherence to the protocol remains challenging in practice. This study was designed to assess the adherence rate in daily practice and examine the relationship between the importance of interventions and adherence rate...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704133/understanding-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-guidelines-an-introductory-approach
#3
Kevin M Elias
Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS(®)) is a multimodal, multidisciplinary approach to surgical care. The ERAS Society has issued recommendations for many surgical procedures that address best practices in preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative management. When implementing a new ERAS protocol, the length and detail of the recommendations can be overwhelming. In this study, the general principles of the ERAS guidelines are summarized and workload is distributed among the different members of the care team...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700983/intratumoral-coagulation-by-radiofrequency-ablation-facilitated-the-laparoscopic-resection-of-giant-hepatic-hemangioma-a-surgical-technique-report-of-two-cases
#4
Shaohong Wang, Jun Gao, Mengmeng Yang, Shan Ke, Xuemei Ding, Jian Kong, Li Xu, Wenbing Sun
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, open hepatic resection is the first choice of treatment for symptomatic enlarging hepatic hemangiomas, which requires a large abdominal incision and is associated with substantial recovery time and morbidity. Minimally invasive laparoscopic resection has been used recently in liver surgery for treating selected hepatic hemangiomas. However, laparoscopic liver surgery poses the significant technical challenges and high rate of conversion. Radiofrequency (RF) ablation has been proved feasible in the treatment of hepatic hemangiomas with a size range of 5...
July 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683817/the-effects-of-intravenous-lignocaine-on-depth-of-anaesthesia-and-intraoperative-haemodynamics-during-open-radical-prostatectomy
#5
Laurence Weinberg, Jae Jang, Clive Rachbuch, Chong Tan, Raymond Hu, Larry McNicol
BACKGROUND: Lignocaine is a local anaesthetic agent, which is also commonly used as a perioperative analgesic adjunct to accelerate rehabilitation and enhance recovery after surgery. Lignocaine's systemic effects on intraoperative haemodynamics and volatile anaesthetic requirements are not well explored. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of intravenous lignocaine on intraoperative volatile agent requirements and haemodynamics in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. METHODS: We performed an analysis of 76 participants who underwent elective open radical retropubic prostatectomy...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682971/loop-ileostomy-closure-as-an-overnight-procedure-institutional-comparison-with-the-national-surgical-quality-improvement-project-data-set
#6
Nicholas G Berger, Raymond Chou, Elliot S Toy, Kirk A Ludwig, Timothy J Ridolfi, Carrie Y Peterson
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery pathways have decreased length of stay after colorectal surgery. Loop ileostomy closure remains a challenge, because patients experience high readmission rates, and validation of enhanced recovery pathways has not been demonstrated. This study examined a protocol whereby patients were discharged on the first postoperative day and instructed to advance their diet at home with close telephone follow-up. OBJECTIVE: The hypothesis was that patients can be safely discharged the day after loop closure, leading to shorter length of stay without increased rates of readmission or complications...
August 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682962/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-enhanced-recovery-after-colon-and-rectal-surgery-from-the-american-society-of-colon-and-rectal-surgeons-and-society-of-american-gastrointestinal-and-endoscopic-surgeons
#7
Joseph C Carmichael, Deborah S Keller, Gabriele Baldini, Liliana Bordeianou, Eric Weiss, Lawrence Lee, Marylise Boutros, James McClane, Liane S Feldman, Scott R Steele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682828/criteria-for-intensive-care-admission-and-monitoring-after-elective-craniotomy
#8
Rafael Badenes, Lara Prisco, Armando Maruenda, Fabio S Taccone
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article revises the recent evidence on ICU admission criteria and postoperative neuromonitoring for patients undergoing elective craniotomy. RECENT FINDINGS: Only a small proportion of elective postoperative neurosurgical patients require specific medical interventions and invasive monitoring. Among these, patients undergoing elective craniotomy are frequently admitted to neuro-ICU, specialist postanaesthesia care units or intermediate-level care unit in the postoperative period...
July 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682644/assessing-analgesia-equivalence-and-appetite-following-alfaxalone-or-ketamine-based-injectable-anesthesia-for-feline-castration-as-an-example-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery
#9
Tatum Armstrong, Marika C Wagner, Jagjit Cheema, Daniel Sj Pang
Objectives The primary study objective was to assess two injectable anesthetic protocols, given to facilitate castration surgery in cats, for equivalence in terms of postoperative analgesia. A secondary objective was to evaluate postoperative eating behavior. Methods Male cats presented to a local clinic were randomly assigned to receive either intramuscular ketamine (5 mg/kg, n = 26; KetHD) or alfaxalone (2 mg/kg, n = 24; AlfHD) in combination with dexmedetomidine (25 μg/kg) and hydromorphone (0.05 mg/kg)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681427/delirium-after-fast-track-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-cohort-study-of-6331-elderly-patients
#10
P B Petersen, C C Jørgensen, H Kehlet
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (PD) is a well-known complication among elderly surgical patients and associated with increased morbidity, mortality and length of stay (LOS). In elective orthopedic surgery, including hip and knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA), most studies report incidences between 5% and 10%. The multimodal optimization of perioperative care (fast-track) aims to enhance recovery and reduce morbidity and LOS, but limited data are available on the effect on PD. Consequently, the study investigated signs of PD associated with LOS > 4 days...
August 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679456/comparison-of-recently-used-phacoemulsification-systems-using-a-health-technology-assessment-method
#11
Jiannan Huang, Qi Wang, Caimin Zhao, Xiaohua Ying, Haidong Zou
OBJECTIVES: To compare the recently used phacoemulsification systems using a health technology assessment (HTA) model. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire, which included questions to gauge on the opinions of the recently used phacoemulsification systems, was distributed to the chief cataract surgeons in the departments of ophthalmology of eighteen tertiary hospitals in Shanghai, China. A series of senile cataract patients undergoing phacoemulsification surgery were enrolled in the study...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678072/the-us-opioid-crisis-a-role-for-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery
#12
Alexander B Stone, Elizabeth C Wick, Christopher L Wu, Michael C Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673214/randomised-comparison-of-three-types-of-continuous-anterior-abdominal-wall-block-after-midline-laparotomy-for-gynaecological-oncology-surgery
#13
P J Cowlishaw, P J Kotze, L Gleeson, N Chetty, L E Stanbury, P J Harms
Effective analgesia after midline laparotomy surgery is essential for enhanced recovery programs. We compared three types of continuous abdominal wall block for analgesia after midline laparotomy for gynaecological oncology surgery. We conducted a single-centre, double-blind randomised controlled trial. Ninety-four patients were randomised into three groups to receive two days of programmed intermittent boluses of ropivacaine (18 ml 0.5% ropivacaine every four hours) via either a transversus abdominis plane (TAP) catheter, posterior rectus sheath (PRS) catheter, or a subcutaneous (SC) catheter...
July 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670050/effects-of-epidural-analgesia-on-recovery-after-open-colorectal-surgery
#14
Ahmad Elsharydah, Leila W Zuo, Abu Minhajuddin, Girish P Joshi
The use of epidural analgesia (EA) has been suggested as an integral part of an enhanced recovery program for colorectal surgery. However, the effects of EA on postoperative outcomes and hospital length of stay remain controversial. Data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database for 2014 and 2015 were queried for adult patients who underwent elective open colorectal surgery. We included only cases with general anesthesia as the main anesthetic. Cases with other types of anesthesia were excluded...
July 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669869/intraperitoneal-ropivacaine-instillation-versus-no-intraperitoneal-ropivacaine-instillation-for-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Lv Yong, Bai Guang
BACKGROUND: Pain is one of the important reasons for delayed discharge and Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. To assess the benefits and disadvantage of intraperitoneal instillation of ropivacaine in people undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Science Citation Index Expanded to December 2016 to identify randomised clinical trials of relevance to this review...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667547/transversus-abdominis-plane-tap-block-versus-thoracic-epidural-analgesia-tea-in-laparoscopic-colon-surgery-in-the-eras-program
#16
Basilio Pirrera, Vincenzo Alagna, Andrea Lucchi, Pierluigi Berti, Carlo Gabbianelli, Giacomo Martorelli, Lorella Mozzoni, Federico Ruggeri, Alessandro Ingardia, Giuseppe Nardi, Gianluca Garulli
AIM: The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathway and laparoscopic approach had been proven beneficial for patients and should now be considered as a standard of care in colorectal surgery. Multimodal analgesia is the gold standard in the ERAS program with the use of thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA). Few data are available on Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks in laparoscopic colorectal surgery and ERAS pathway. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of TAP block compared to TEA in the management of postoperative pain and the impact on the recurrence of postoperative nausea, vomiting and ileus in laparoscopic colorectal surgery in the ERAS program...
July 1, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667197/developing-patient-education-to-enhance-recovery-after-colorectal-surgery-through-action-research-a-qualitative-study
#17
Fiona Poland, Nicola Spalding, Sheila Gregory, Jane McCulloch, Kevin Sargen, Penny Vicary
OBJECTIVES: To understand the role of preoperative education for patients undergoing colorectal surgery by involving patients, carers and staff in: (1) identifying its perceived value and deficits for enhanced recovery; (2) modifying current education practices to address educational deficits; and (3) evaluating these changes for preparing patients to enhance their recovery. DESIGN: Qualitative study of three cycles of action research using mixed methods within a 24-month naturalistic enquiry to identify, implement and evaluate changes through observations, questionnaires, semistructured longitudinal interviews, focus groups and documentation review...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658658/compliance-with-the-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocol-and-prognosis-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Liang Li, Juying Jin, Su Min, Dan Liu, Ling Liu
We explored the effects of different levels of compliance with an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol on the short-term prognosis of patients who underwent colorectal cancer surgery. We conducted a single-center prospective cohort study in which 254 patients who received surgical treatment in a teaching tertiary care hospital were enrolled from March 2016 to November 2016. The patients were divided into four groups (I, II, III, and IV) based on individual compliance rates; the corresponding range of compliance rates was 0-60%, 60-70%, 70-80%, and 80-100%, and the number of patients in each group was 66, 63, 53, and 72, respectively...
June 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655398/a-survey-of-pediatric-surgeons-practices-with-enhanced-recovery-after-children-s-surgery
#19
Heather L Short, Natalie Taylor, Mitali Thakore, Kaitlin Piper, Katherine Baxter, Kurt F Heiss, Mehul V Raval
PURPOSE: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols have been shown to improve outcomes in adult abdominal surgical populations. Our purpose was to survey pediatric surgeons' opinions regarding applicability of individual ERAS elements to children's surgery. METHODS: A survey of the American Pediatric Surgical Association was conducted electronically. Using a 5-point Likert scale, respondents rated their willingness to implement 21 adult ERAS elements in an adolescent undergoing elective colorectal surgery...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652753/pituitary-abscess-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Yu Liu, Feng Liu, Qi Liang, Yexin Li, Zhifei Wang
Pituitary abscess is a rare but critical disorder caused by an infectious process where purulent material accumulates inside the sella turcica. Since symptoms, signs and radiographic characteristics of pituitary abscess are similar to several other pituitary lesions, correct diagnosis before surgery is challenging. In this article, two cases of pituitary abscess treated in our department are reported, followed by a literature review. In these two cases, both patients presented with intermittent fever. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a suprasellar lesion with rim enhancement after contrast injection...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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