Read by QxMD icon Read


Isabelle Yee Shan Chan, Mei-Yung Leung, Qi Liang
Driven by fast-growing economies worldwide, the number of international construction projects is booming, and employing expatriates has inevitably become a strategy used by construction firms. However, stress arising from expatriate assignments can lead to early return, assignment failure, and staff turnover, causing in significant losses to an organisation. Extensive research has focused on the effectiveness of coping behaviours in relation to stress. However, studies investigating the antecedents of coping are rare...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ramsey Hachem, Paul Corris
BACKGROUND: Lung transplantation is a therapeutic option for select patients with end-stage lung disease. However, successful lung transplantation is hampered by chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD), in particular bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). Although there is no approved or standard treatment for BOS, which may have several distinct phenotypes, extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) has shown promising results in patients who develop BOS refractory to azithromycin treatment...
March 19, 2018: Transplantation
Fevzi F Yalniz, Mohammad H Murad, Stephanie J Lee, Steven Z Pavletic, Nandita Khera, Nilay D Shah, Shahrukh K Hashmi
Given the increasing incidence of cGVHD and its rapidly escalating costs due to many lines of drug treatments, we aimed to perform a meta-analysis to assess the comparative effectiveness of various treatment options. Using these results, we then conducted a cost effectiveness analysis (CEA) for the frequently utilized agents in SR-cGVHD. We searched for studies examining tacrolimus, sirolimus, rituximab, ruxolitinib, hydroxychloroquine, imatinib, bortezomib, ibrutinib, extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP), pomalidomide and methotrexate...
March 14, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Louis Raymond, Guy Paré, Éric Maillet, Ana Ortiz de Guinea, Marie-Claude Trudel, Josianne Marsan
BACKGROUND: The accessibility of laboratory test results is crucial to the performance of emergency departments and to the safety of patients. This study aims to develop a better understanding of which laboratory information exchange (LIE) systems emergency care physicians (ECPs) are using to consult their patients' laboratory test results and which benefits they derive from such use. METHODS: A survey of 163 (36%) ECPs in Quebec was conducted in collaboration with the Quebec's Department of Health and Social Services...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Denisse Ubaldo-Suárez, Rosa Estrada Reyes, Roberto De la Rosa-Sierra, Mariano Martínez-Vázquez
In this study, we investigated the antidepressant-like effects of the hexane (HCP), ethyl acetate (ECP) and methanol (MCP) extracts of the roots of Casimiroa pubescens Ramírez (Rutaceae) using the forced swim test (FST). In an initial experiment, each extract was orally administered to mice only once 60 min before to the FST. In a second experiment, doses were administered 24, 7 and 1 h before testing. Our results showed that the triple administration of the extracts provided a stronger effect than single administration...
March 12, 2018: Natural Product Research
David Ribas, M Carmen Fernández-Carranco, Nabil Hajji, Pedro Bobadilla, Javier Monteseirín
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis develops through an inflammatory process caused by an infection at the microbial biofilm, followed by tissue destruction mediated by leukocytes, which cause clinically significant destruction of connective tissue and bone. Several elements derived from the bacteria cause the inflammatory response and the release of mediators involved in destruction of the periodontium. There are number of inflammatory mediators released by leukocytes, mainly neutrophils, upon bacterial challenge...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Joanna Bajerska, Agata Chmurzynska, Sylwia Mildner-Szkudlarz, Sławomira Drzymała-Czyż, Paweł Górnaś, Agnieszka Waśkiewicz, Agata Muzsik, Tomasz Podgórski, Paulina Nowaczyk, Małgorzata Woźniewicz
BACKGROUND: The effects of un-extruded (UCP) and extruded cranberry pomace (ECP) on fecal fat excretion, liver index, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, and inhibition of oxidative stress due to a high-fat diet (HFD) in rats were studied. METHODS: The Wistar rats for 8 weeks received one of the four diets: (1) control (modified the American Institute of Nutrition: AIN based diet containing 7% fat), (2) HFD (AIN based diet containing 30% fat), (3) HFD with 3% un-extruded (UCP) and (4) HFD with 3% (ECP)...
January 2018: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
Corinna J Rea, Katherine D Tran, Maria Jorina, Larissa M Wenren, Elena B Hawryluk, Sara L Toomey
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that use of an Eczema Care Plan (ECP) would improve provider documentation and management, decrease eczema severity, and increase patient quality of life (QOL) in the pediatric primary care setting. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial between 6/15 and 9/16 at a large, hospital-based pediatric primary care clinic. Participants included children between 1 month and 16 years of age with a diagnosis of eczema. The intervention group received the ECP and the control group received usual care...
March 2, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Ina Gümperlein, Elke Fischer, Gisela Dietrich-Gümperlein, Stefan Karrasch, Dennis Nowak, Rudolf A Jörres, Rudolf Schierl
3D printers are increasingly run at home. Nanoparticle emissions from those printers have been reported, which raises the question whether adverse health effects from ultrafine particles (UFP) can be elicited by 3D printers. We exposed 26 healthy adults in a single-blinded, randomized, cross-over design to emissions of a desktop 3D printer using fused deposition modeling (FDM) for one hour (high UFP-emitting acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) versus low-emitting polylactic acid (PLA)). Before and after exposures, cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, INF-γ) and ECP in nasal secretions, exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), urinary 8-isoprostaglandin F2α (8-iso PGF2α ) and self-reported symptoms were assessed...
March 3, 2018: Indoor Air
Claudia Del Fante, Jerard Seghatchian, Cesare Perotti
Renal rejection clinically represents a major cause of graft dysfunction and sadly the loss of the renal transplant. This is despite the considerable progress in immunosuppressive therapy. It is strongly believed that the complex immunologic network underlying the response against major histocompatibility molecules (MHC) is responsible for rejection, an unresolved issue that is, in part, not inhibited by the current prophylactic and therapeutic strategies. Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) is an effective cell therapy approach that was successfully used in immunomodulating heart rejection, acute and chronic GvHD, lung rejection and some selected autoimmune diseases...
February 21, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Joachim Laun, Daniel Vilela Oliveira, Thomas Bredow
Consistent basis sets of double- and triple-zeta valence with polarization quality for the fifth period have been derived for periodic quantum-chemical solid-state calculations with the crystalline-orbital program CRYSTAL. They are an extension of the pob-TZVP basis sets, and are based on the full-relativistic effective core potentials (ECPs) of the Stuttgart/Cologne group and on the def2-SVP and def2-TZVP valence basis of the Ahlrichs group. We optimized orbital exponents and contraction coefficients to supply robust and stable self-consistent field (SCF) convergence for a wide range of different compounds...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Computational Chemistry
Edgar Cruz-Acevedo, Miguel Betancourt-Lozano, Hugo Aguirre-Villaseñor
The genus Bathypterois (tripod fish) comprises 19 species of deep-sea fishes distributed worldwide. The biology and distribution of the species of this genus are relatively poorly known throughout the Eastern Central Pacific (ECP). This work aims to update the geographic and bathymetric distribution of species of Bathypterois throughout the ECP. To describe the influence of depth, temperature and dissolved oxygen concentrations (DO) on latitudinal and depth distribution of members of the genus throughout the Mexican Pacific, 51 specimens of B...
March 2017: Revista de Biología Tropical
Simon C McKenzie, Evgeny Epifanovsky, Giuseppe M J Barca, Andrew T B Gilbert, Peter M W Gill
Effective core potential (ECP) integrals are amongst the most difficult one-electron integrals to calculate due to the projection operators. The radial part of these operators may include r0 , r-1 and r-2 terms. For the r0 terms, we exploit a simple analytic expression for the fundamental projected integral to derive new recurrence relations and upper bounds for ECP integrals. For the r-1 and r-2 terms, we present a reconstruction method that replaces these terms by a sum of r0 terms and show that the resulting errors are chemically insignificant for a range of molecular properties...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Omar M Shaaban, Ahmed M Abbas, Hanaa R Mahmoud, Entsar M Yones, Ahmed Mahmoud, Mahmoud S Zakherah
OBJECTIVE: The current study aims to evaluate the effect of the use of single packet of levonorgestrel emergency contraceptive pills (LNG-ECPs) during breastfeeding on the health and development of the nursing infant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study was an ancillary observational cohort study carried out in a university hospital. We counseled all women delivered and planning birth-space and breastfeed for at least 1 year for participation during postpartum hospital stay...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Toril Holien, Odrun Arna Gederaas, Sagar Ramesh Darvekar, Eidi Christensen, Qian Peng
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP), an established modality for cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) and graft-versus-host disease, involves ex vivo treatment of isolated leukocytes of a patient with the photosensitizing drug 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) and ultraviolet-A (UV-A) exposure before reinfusion back to the patient. However, 8-MOP binds to both diseased and normal cells and thus kills both types of the cells after UV-A illumination with little selectivity...
February 20, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
N A Castro, P M A Neves, J P Cestaro, V T O Melo, A Schneider, L F M Pfeifer
The aim of this study was to evaluate if prostaglandin F2α (PGF) can be used to induce ovulation in a GnRH-progesterone based protocol. In Experiment 1 crossbred dairy cows (n=32) were synchronized with a progesterone-GnRH based protocol for seven days, where the luteolytic dose of 150μg PGF was given 24h prior progesterone device removal (CIDR). On Day 8 cows were separated into two groups to receive: 1) 2mL of Saline (Control Group, n=15) or 2) 150μg of PGF (PGF Group, n=17). Ovulation rate was higher in the PGF than Control group (100% vs 53...
January 31, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
Zbigniew M Szczepiorkowski, Christine A Burnett, Larry J Dumont, Sunil H Abhyankar
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) has been approved for the treatment of advanced cutaneous T-cell lymphoma since 1988. While the precise mechanisms resulting in clinical effects are not fully understood, the photoactivation of mononuclear cells (MNCs) using ultraviolet A (UVA) light and methoxsalen is believed to be the predominant initiating process. The effects of MNC passage through the instrument without photoactivation are unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of cell processing through the photopheresis instruments on MNCs...
February 16, 2018: Transfusion
Nina Worel, Elisabeth Lehner, Harald Führer, Peter Kalhs, Werner Rabitsch, Margit Mitterbauer, Georg Hopfinger, Hildegard T Greinix
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) has demonstrated efficacy as second-line treatment for steroid-refractory (SR) acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). The aim of our study was to analyze whether the amount of ECP-treated cells in patients with SR, aGVHD has an impact on response at 1 month. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on white blood cells, lymphocytes, monocytes, mononuclear cells, and neutrophils, including absolute counts and counts per kilogram of body weight in ECP products from patients with aGVHD, were collected...
February 15, 2018: Transfusion
Shu Yan, Li Chen, Qi Zhao, Ya-Nan Liu, Rui Hou, Jing Yu, Hong Zhang
Interleukin (IL)-17 is a major contributor to the pathogenesis of allergic asthma. Developmental endothelial locus-1 (Del-1) is an endothelial cell-secreted protein known to inhibit IL-17 expression. However, little is known about the association between Del-1 and IL-17 in the pathogenesis of allergic asthma. Using bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid (BALF) and peripheral blood samples collected from allergic asthmatic patients and controls, we explored the role of Del-1 in relation to IL-17 in allergic asthma. We found that the negative correlation between Del-1 and IL-17 was significant in BALF of allergic asthmatics...
February 13, 2018: Immunology and Cell Biology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"