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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164715/sleep-and-its-relation-to-cognition-and-behaviour-in-preschool-aged-children-of-the-general-population-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Eve Reynaud, Marie-Françoise Vecchierini, Barbara Heude, Marie-Aline Charles, Sabine Plancoulaine
This is the first systematic review of the literature on sleep and its relation to cognition and behaviour in preschool-aged children. In comparison with the literature focused on school-aged children, knowledge involving preschoolers is rather sparse. A total of 26 studies was included in this review, which revealed a high degree of heterogeneity regarding the type and means of measuring sleep variables and behavioural and cognitive variables, as well as the statistical methods employed. Amongst the 13 articles with the largest sample sizes (top 50% of the included studies, 12 different populations), 12 found that a higher quantity or quality of sleep was associated with better behavioural and/or cognitive outcomes...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164609/who-benefits-from-adolescent-sleep-interventions-moderators-of-treatment-efficacy-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-and-mindfulness-based-group-sleep-intervention-for-at-risk-adolescents
#2
Matthew J Blake, Laura M Blake, Orli Schwartz, Monika Raniti, Joanna M Waloszek, Greg Murray, Julian G Simmons, Elizabeth Landau, Ronald E Dahl, Dana L McMakin, Paul Dudgeon, John Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test moderators of therapeutic improvement in an adolescent cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness-based group sleep intervention. Specifically, we examined whether the effects of the program on postintervention sleep outcomes were dependent on participant gender and/or measures of sleep duration, anxiety, depression, and self-efficacy prior to the interventions. METHOD: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial conducted with 123 adolescent participants (female = 59...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157744/insufficient-sleep-is-associated-with-obesity-and-excessive-screen-time-amongst-ten-year-old-children-in-sweden
#3
Pernilla Garmy, Eva K Clausson, Per Nyberg, Ulf Jakobsson
PURPOSE: This study investigated sleep, television, computer habits, and obesity in school-age children. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional self-report survey of 1260 children in grade 4 (mean age, 10.1) living in southern Sweden (49.1% boys). The heights and weights of 1097 (87.1%) of the children were recorded. Descriptive statistics, bivariate analyses, and multiple logistic regression were employed. RESULTS: The median length of self-reported sleep on weeknights was 9...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157646/self-report-surveys-of-student-sleep-and-well-being-a-review-of-use-in-the-context-of-school-start-times
#4
REVIEW
Terra D Ziporyn, Beth A Malow, Kari Oakes, Kyla L Wahlstrom
A large body of literature supports the need to delay high school starting times to improve student health and well-being by allowing students an opportunity to get sufficient and appropriately timed sleep. However, a dearth of uniform and standardized tools has hampered efforts to collect data on adolescent sleep and related health behaviors that might be used to establish a need for, or to evaluate outcomes of, bell time delays. To assess validated tools available to schools and contrast them with tools that schools have actually used, we identified and reviewed published, validated self-report surveys of adolescent sleep and well-being, as well as unpublished surveys, used to assess student sleep and related health measures in US high schools considering later high school start times...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157645/law-based-arguments-and-messages-to-advocate-for-later-school-start-time-policies-in-the-united-states
#5
REVIEW
Clark J Lee, Dennis M Nolan, Steven W Lockley, Brent Pattison
The increasing scientific evidence that early school start times are harmful to the health and safety of teenagers has generated much recent debate about changing school start times policies for adolescent students. Although efforts to promote and implement such changes have proliferated in the United States in recent years, they have rarely been supported by law-based arguments and messages that leverage the existing legal infrastructure regulating public education and child welfare in the United States. Furthermore, the legal bases to support or resist such changes have not been explored in detail to date...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157644/applying-behavioral-insights-to-delay-school-start-times
#6
Susan Kohl Malone, Terra Ziporyn, Alison M Buttenheim
Healthy People 2020 established a national objective to increase the proportion of 9th-to-12th-grade students reporting sufficient sleep. A salient approach for achieving this objective is to delay middle and high school start times. Despite decades of research supporting the benefits of delayed school start times on adolescent sleep, health, and well-being, progress has been slow. Accelerating progress will require new approaches incorporating strategies that influence how school policy decisions are made...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157642/engaging-the-community-in-the-process-of-changing-school-start-times-experience-of-the-cherry-creek-school-district
#7
Lisa J Meltzer, Janise McNally, Amy E Plog, Scott A Siegfried
Despite growing evidence of the positive impact of later school start times on adolescent health and academic outcomes, relatively few districts have changed start times due to concerns about transportation, child care, and athletics/extracurricular activities. This paper provides a case study of the Cherry Creek School District's (CCSD) successful efforts to change start times. The CCSD is a diverse district with an enrollment of almost 55,000 students in suburban Denver. As part of CCSD's strategic plan, a multi-disciplinary task force was formed to examine the impact of start times on student achievement, and recommend a start time schedule driven by best practices on adolescent sleep patterns, balanced with family and community needs...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157641/a-process-oriented-model-linking-adolescents-sleep-hygiene-and-psychological-functioning-the-moderating-role-of-school-start-times
#8
Jack S Peltz, Ronald D Rogge, Heidi Connolly, Thomas G O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: To examine a mediational model linking sleep hygiene to better mental health in adolescents via the mechanism of improved sleep quality, and to test the moderating role of school start times (SST) (before 8:30 AM vs. 8:30 AM or later) on that mediation model. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Online survey for high school students across the United States. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 197 adolescents aged 14-17 years old (Mage = 15...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157640/early-to-bed-early-to-rise-sleep-perceptions-patterns-and-related-behaviors-in-ultra-orthodox-jewish-adolescents-in-israel
#9
Hila Vidal, Tamar Shochat
OBJECTIVES: Studies have described biological and environmental mechanisms underlying adolescent sleep, yet the role of culture has received little attention. Ultra-orthodox (Haredi) Judaism adheres to a traditional lifestyle. To examine how culture and lifestyle are associated with sleep, this study compared sleep perceptions, habits, and patterns and related daytime behaviors among ultra-orthodox and secular Jewish adolescents. METHODS: A sample of 178 healthy adolescents (116 ultra-orthodox, 77 males, ages 13-17) gathered via snowball sampling completed the School Sleep Habits Survey to assess sleep perceptions, habits, patterns (timing and duration), and related behaviors (sleepiness, mood, sleep-problem behaviors)...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157638/high-school-start-times-after-8-30-am-are-associated-with-later-wake-times-and-longer-time-in-bed-among-teens-in-a-national-urban-cohort-study
#10
Nicole G Nahmod, Soomi Lee, Orfeu M Buxton, Anne-Marie Chang, Lauren Hale
OBJECTIVES: High school start times are a key contributor to insufficient sleep. This study investigated associations of high school start times with bedtime, wake time, and time in bed among urban teenagers. DESIGN: Daily-diary study nested within the prospective Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study. SETTING: Twenty US cities. PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred thirteen teenagers who completed ≥1 daily diary report on a school day...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157637/a-quasi-experimental-study-of-the-impact-of-school-start-time-changes-on-adolescent-sleep
#11
Judith A Owens, Tracy Dearth-Wesley, Allison N Herman, J Michael Oakes, Robert C Whitaker
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether simultaneous school start time changes (delay for some schools; advance for others) impact adolescents' sleep. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study using cross-sectional surveys before and after changes to school start times in September 2015. SETTING: Eight middle (grades 7-8), 3 secondary (grades 7-12), and 8 high (grades 9-12) schools in Fairfax County (Virginia) public schools. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2017 (6% of ~34,900) students were surveyed before start time changes, and 1180 (3% of ~35,300) were surveyed after...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157636/youth-sleep-durations-and-school-start-times-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-compass-study
#12
Karen A Patte, Adam G Cole, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVES: This study explored school start times (SST) in relation to sleep duration and adherence to guidelines among Canadian youth. METHODS: Using Year 4 (2015/2016) data from the Cannabis, Obesity, Mental health, Physical activity, Alcohol use, Smoking, and Sedentary behaviour (COMPASS) study, the sample included 35,821 grade 9-12 students at 78 secondary schools in Ontario and Alberta, Canada. Random intercepts models tested student-reported sleep duration and whether students met sleep recommendations, as a function of SST, controlling for student- (race/ethnicity, grade, sex, travel mode to school) and school-level (school-area urbanicity and median household income) correlates...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157635/effects-of-school-start-time-on-students-sleep-duration-daytime-sleepiness-and-attendance-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Jennifer M Bowers, Anne Moyer
Research conducted over the past three decades finds that many children and adolescents do not meet recommended sleep guidelines. Lack of sleep is a predictor of a number of consequences, including issues at school such as sleepiness and tardiness. Considering the severity of this public health issue, it is essential to understand more about the factors that may compromise children's and adolescents' sleep. This meta-analysis examined the effects of school start time (SST) on sleep duration of students by aggregating the results of five longitudinal studies and 15 cross-sectional comparison group studies...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157634/the-intersection-between-sleep-science-and-policy-introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-school-start-times
#14
EDITORIAL
Wendy M Troxel, Amy R Wolfson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157590/mechanisms-influencing-older-adolescents-bedtimes-during-videogaming-the-roles-of-game-difficulty-and-flow
#15
Lisa J Smith, Daniel L King, Cele Richardson, Brandy M Roane, Michael Gradisar
A relationship between evening technology use and sleep has been established, and models suggest various mechanisms to explain this relationship. Recent updates to these models also suggest the influence of individual difference factors, such that the relationship between technology and sleep varies between young people. Flow is an experience of immersion and time distortion that could vary between adolescents when using technology. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of flow on the self-selected bedtimes of adolescents when videogaming...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157589/overweight-and-obesity-add-to-behavioral-problems-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#16
Sarah N Biggs, Knarik Tamanyan, Lisa M Walter, Aidan J Weichard, Margot J Davey, Gillian M Nixon, Rosemary S C Horne
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether overweight and obesity increased the detrimental effects of pediatric sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) on cognition, behavior, mood, and quality of life. METHODS: Children and adolescents (8-16 years) with clinically diagnosed SDB were categorized into two groups: healthy weight (Body Mass Index (BMI) z-score <1.04, N = 11) and overweight/obese (BMI z-score ≥ 1.04, N = 10). Age-matched healthy weight, non-snoring controls (N = 25) were recruited from the community...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144155/proposal-of-cutoff-points-for-pediatric-daytime-sleepiness-scale-to-identify-excessive-daytime-sleepiness
#17
Carolina Meyer, Diego Grasel Barbosa, Geraldo Jose Ferrari Junior, Rubian Diego Andrade, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Andreia Pelegrini, Érico Pereira Gomes Felden
The objective of the present study was to propose cutoff points for the Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale (PDSS) through sensitivity and specificity analyses in order to identify excessive daytime sleepiness, considering parameters such as duration and quality of sleep, health perception, stress control and depressive moods (feelings of sadness) in adolescents. A total of 1,132 adolescents, aged 14-19 years old, of both sexes, from the public high school of São José - SC, answered the questionnaire with information on age, daytime sleepiness, sleep duration, health perception, stress management, depressive moods (feelings of sadness) and quality of sleep...
November 16, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142787/sleep-apnea-symptoms-and-cardiovascular-disease-risks-among-haitian-medical-students
#18
Diana M Rosenthal, Donaldson F Conserve, Dodley Severe, Michaele A Gedeon, Ferdinand Zizi, Georges Casimir, Samy I McFarlane, Girardin Jean Louis
Sleep apnea is a prevalent sleep disorder that disproportionately affects blacks and has been previously studied among Caribbean-born blacks in Brooklyn, New York, but there has been negligible research in the Caribbean, specifically Haiti, and developing countries on this pressing health issue. A total of 373 medical students (mean age=20.6 years ± 2.3 years) from a medical school in Haiti participated in this study. Participants were administered a questionnaire assessing their sleep health and cardiovascular outcomes...
April 2017: Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136476/effectiveness-of-a-school-based-program-focusing-on-diet-and-health-habits-taught-through-physical-exercise
#19
Ana Pablos, Vicente Nebot, Vicente Vañó-Vicent, Diego Ceca, Laura Elvira
The global rate of obesity in childhood is becoming an epidemic and many authors have established a significant association between childhood obesity and overweight in adulthood. It is therefore necessary to seek effective strategies to reduce these levels of obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Healthy Habits Program (HHP). The participants were 158 children from the 5th and 6th grades (Intervention Group [IG] n=82, Control Group [CG] n=76). The HHP is a school-based physical activity program focusing on promoting a healthy lifestyle...
November 14, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135989/high-stress-lack-of-sleep-low-school-performance-and-suicide-attempts-are-associated-with-high-energy-drink-intake-in-adolescents
#20
So Young Kim, Songyong Sim, Hyo Geun Choi
OBJECTIVE: Although an association between energy drinks and suicide has been suggested, few prior studies have considered the role of emotional factors including stress, sleep, and school performance in adolescents. This study aimed to evaluate the association of energy drinks with suicide, independent of possible confounders including stress, sleep, and school performance. METHODS: In total, 121,106 adolescents with 13-18 years olds from the 2014 and 2015 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey were surveyed for age, sex, region of residence, economic level, paternal and maternal education level, sleep time, stress level, school performance, frequency of energy drink intake, and suicide attempts...
2017: PloS One
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