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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934531/feasibility-and-emotional-impact-of-experimentally-extending-sleep-in-short-sleeping-adolescents
#1
Tori R Van Dyk, Nanhua Zhang, Perry A Catlin, Kaylin Cornist, Shealan McAlister, Catharine Whitacre, Dean W Beebe
Study Objectives: Published experimental sleep manipulation protocols for adolescents have been limited to the summer, limiting causal conclusions about how short sleep affects them on school nights, when they are most likely to restrict their sleep. This study assesses the feasibility and emotional impact of a school-night sleep manipulation protocol to test the effects of lengthening sleep in habitually short-sleeping adolescents. Methods: High school students aged 14-18 years who habitually slept 5-7 hours on school nights participated in a 5-week experimental sleep manipulation protocol...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934528/the-impact-of-altitude-on-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-dwelling-at-high-altitude-a-crossover-study
#2
Benjamin H Hughes, John T Brinton, David G Ingram, Ann C Halbower
Study Objectives: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is prevalent among children and is associated with adverse health outcomes. Worldwide, approximately 250 million individuals reside at altitudes higher than 2000 meters above sea level (masl). The effect of chronic high-altitude exposure on children with SDB is unknown. This study aims to determine the impact of altitude on sleep study outcomes in children with SDB dwelling at high altitude. Methods: A single-center crossover study was performed to compare results of high-altitude home polysomnography (H-PSG) with lower altitude laboratory polysomnography (L-PSG) in school-age children dwelling at high altitude with symptoms consistent with SDB...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930299/authors-response-july-6-2017-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-concerning-the-paper-impact-of-road-traffic-noise-on-sleep-disturbances-and-attention-disorders-amongst-school-children-living-in-upper-silesian-industrial-zone-poland
#3
Michał Skrzypek, Małgorzata Kowalska, Elżbieta M Czech, Ewa Niewiadomska, Jan E Zejda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923520/exploring-associations-between-state-education-initiatives-and-teachers-sleep-a-social-ecological-approach
#4
Kaori Fujishiro, Amy N Farley, Marie Kellemen, Christopher M Swoboda
Social policies that are not specifically aimed at impacting health can still have health consequences. State education reforms, such as standardized testing and stringent accountability for schools and teachers, may affect teacher health by changing their working conditions. This study explores associations between state education initiatives and teachers' sleep, an important predictor of productivity and chronic health conditions. The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2013 and 2014 data sets provided sleep and demographic data for 7836 teachers in 29 states in the United States...
September 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923339/-tobacco-use-in-brazilian-school-adolescents-association-with-mental-health-and-family-context
#5
Camila Zander Neves, Claudine Devicari Bueno, Giovana Pires Felden, Mariane Costa Irigaray, María Fernanda Rivadeneira, Nágila Oenning, Bárbara Niegia Garcia de Goulart
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between aspects of mental health and the family context with tobacco experimentation and consumption among Brazilian schoolchildren. METHOD: A cross-sectional study using data from the National Survey of Schoolchildren's Health in Brazil conducted on 109,104 schoolchildren from the ninth year of elementary school, day scholars in public and private schools in all Brazilian state capitals and the Federal District. Descriptive analysis of variables, bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed with logistic regression estimates, adjusted for socioeconomic variables, obtaining the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI)...
September 15, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923185/sleep-duration-trends-and-trajectories-among-youth-in-the-compass-study
#6
Karen A Patte, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVES: Limited Canadian studies have examined youth sleep over time. This study explored sleep duration over recent years among youth, patterns over the course of secondary school, and subgroups at greater risk of sleep deprivation and problematic trajectories. DESIGN: Longitudinal survey. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Secondary school students in Ontario and Alberta, Canada. MEASURES AND ANALYSES: In cross-sectional analyses, student-reported sleep duration was analyzed in three waves of the COMPASS study (Y2: 2013/2014, Y3: 2014/2015, Y4: 2015/2016), and differences by student-level (race/ethnicity, grade, sex) and school-level (urbanicity, median household income) variables were tested in the most recent wave...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922019/sleep-problems-and-daytime-sleepiness-in-children-with-adhd-associations-with-social-emotional-and-behavioural-functioning-at-school-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Isabelle Lucas, Melissa Mulraney, Emma Sciberras
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems and daytime sleepiness are common in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are associated with poor parent-reported functional outcomes. However, the potential impact of sleep problems and/or daytime sleepiness on the school functioning of children with ADHD remains unknown. We aimed to determine if sleep problems and daytime sleepiness were associated with the social, emotional and behavioural school-based functioning of children with ADHD and comorbid sleep problems...
September 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919911/comprehensibility-of-selected-usp-pictograms-by-illiterate-and-literate-farsi-speakers-the-first-experience-in-iran-part-i
#8
Amir H Zargarzadeh, Sahar Ahamdi
BACKGROUND: Good understanding of medication instructions is paramount to a good pharmaceutical care. The aim of our study was to examine the understandability of the selected three most applicable pictograms by participants and their recall after educational mini sessions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, nine experienced pharmacists selected the three most potentially applicable pictograms. Pictograms A to C were determined, respectively, "A-take medication with food," "B-medication may cause drowsiness," and "C-take medication before sleep...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915845/reliability-and-validity-of-a-brief-sleep-questionnaire-for-children-in-japan
#9
Masakazu Okada, Shingo Kitamura, Yoshitaka Iwadare, Hisateru Tachimori, Yuichi Kamei, Shigekazu Higuchi, Kazuo Mishima
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of sleep questionnaires with few items and confirmed reliability and validity that can be used for the early detection of sleep problems in children. The aim of this study was to develop a questionnaire with few items and assess its reliability and validity in both children at high risk of sleep disorders and a community population. METHODS: Data for analysis were derived from two populations targeted by the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ): 178 children attending elementary school and 432 children who visited a pediatric psychiatric hospital (aged 6-12 years)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893726/a-web-based-lifestyle-medicine-curriculum-facilitating-education-about-lifestyle-medicine-behavioral-change-and-health-care-outcomes
#10
Elizabeth Pegg Frates, Ryan C Xiao, Deepa Sannidhi, Yasamina McBride, Tracie McCargo, Theodore A Stern
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle medicine is the science and application of healthy lifestyles as interventions for the prevention and treatment of disease, and has gained significant momentum as a specialty in recent years. College is a critical time for maintenance and acquisition of healthy habits. Longer-term, more intensive web-based and in-person lifestyle medicine interventions can have a positive effect. Students who are exposed to components of lifestyle medicine in their education have improvements in their health behaviors...
September 11, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891219/the-health-and-well-being-of-children-and-young-people-who-are-looked-after-findings-from-a-face-to-face-survey-in-glasgow
#11
Sharon Vincent, Michael Jopling
Evidence suggests children and young people who are looked after (LACYP) may have poorer health outcomes than children and young people in the general population, particularly in relation to mental health. This paper discusses findings from a survey of the health and well-being of LACYP in Glasgow. A structured questionnaire used in the 2010 Glasgow Schools Survey (GSS) was adapted and administered in face-to-face interviews with 130 young people aged 11-18 in 2014-2015 to investigate various aspects of health and well-being including physical activity, diet and sleep, smoking, alcohol and drugs, health feelings and worries, behaviours, attitudes and expectations...
September 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890529/factors-relating-to-the-feeling-of-school-avoidance-among-elementary-school-children-results-from-the-mext-ministry-of-education-culture-sports-science-and-education-super-shokuiku-school-project
#12
Masahiro Akimoto, Michikazu Sekine, Masaaki Yamada, Takashi Tatsuse
Purpose This study aims to evaluate whether lifestyle factors including media use and social and family environments are associated with elementary school children's feeling of school avoidance.Methods Total study population for this study was 2,057 children in 5 elementary schools in Takaoka city, Toyama prefecture, which participated in the MEXT Super Shokuiku School Project. A questionnaire survey was conducted in July 2014 and 1,936 students responded (Response rate: 94.1%). Of those who responded, data from 1,698 respondents were relevant for this study...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890019/allergic-sensitization-and-objective-measures-of-sleep-in-urban-school-aged-children-with-asthma
#13
Cynthia A Esteban, Robin S Everhart, Sheryl J Kopel, Robert B Klein, Daphne Koinis-Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Allergic sensitization is associated with increased child asthma morbidity and decreased pulmonary function. Nocturnal symptoms and/or awakenings typically are measured by self-report from diary data, whereas objective assessments of sleep in child asthma studies are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between increased allergic sensitization (number of positive allergy test results measured by skin prick test or specific immunoglobulin E) and sleep outcomes (sleep efficiency, sleep duration, and mean number of awakenings measured by actigraphy) in urban schoolchildren with persistent asthma...
September 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880982/association-between-eyelid-laxity-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#14
Timothy P Fox, Jeffrey A Schwartz, Aimee C Chang, Fatemeh P Parvin-Nejad, Cindi K Yim, Steven H Feinsilver, Albert Y Wu
Importance: While much has been reported on the relationship between floppy eyelid syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the diagnostic criteria of floppy eyelid syndrome are often subjective and vague. Objective: To evaluate the association between OSA and quantitative markers of eyelid laxity or secondary ocular surface disease in a sleep clinic population. Design, Setting, and Participants: This investigation was a cross-sectional observational study at the Center for Sleep Medicine at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai...
September 7, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880049/sleep-and-glycemic-control-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#15
Julia von Schnurbein, Claudia Boettcher, Stephanie Brandt, Beate Karges, Desiree Dunstheimer, Angela Galler, Christian Denzer, Friederike Denzer, Heike Vollbach, Martin Wabitsch, Till Roenneberg, Celine Vetter
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence link sleep curtailment and circadian misalignment with adverse metabolic outcome. Adolescents might be most affected, given their late sleep timing and early school and work start times. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the impact of poor sleeping habits on glycemic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a non-interventional multicenter study across Germany recruiting pubertally mature adolescents with type 1 diabetes...
June 14, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879820/effects-of-the-healthy-start-randomized-intervention-on-dietary-intake-among-obesity-prone-normal-weight-children
#16
Jeanett F Rohde, Sofus C Larsen, Lars Ängquist, Nanna J Olsen, Maria Stougaard, Erik L Mortensen, Berit L Heitmann
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the impact of a 15-month intervention on dietary intake conducted among obesity-prone normal-weight pre-school children. DESIGN: Information on dietary intake was obtained using a 4 d diet record. A diet quality index was adapted to assess how well children's diet complied with the Danish national guidelines. Linear regression per protocol and intention-to-treat analyses of differences in intakes of energy, macronutrients, fruit, vegetables, fish, sugar-sweetened beverages and diet quality index between the two groups were conducted...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871899/psychological-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-dance-injury-a-systematic-review
#17
Lynda M Mainwaring, Caitlin Finney
Historically, dance medicine and science has focused on the physical aspects rather than the psychological aspects of dance injury. Psychological variables, however, have been shown to influence the occurrence of injury and post-injury outcomes. The purpose of this review was to examine the dance psychology literature and determine the specific psychological factors reported to be associated with the incidence, frequency, and outcome of dance injuries. A systematic literature search was conducted using SPORTDiscus, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861896/sleep-difficulties-and-academic-performance-in-norwegian-higher-education-students
#18
Amie C Hayley, Børge Sivertsen, Mari Hysing, Øystein Vedaa, Simon Øverland
BACKGROUND: Sleep difficulties are common among university students and may detrimentally affect academic outcomes. Despite this, remarkably little information is currently available during this critical developmental period of early adulthood, and thus, the direct effect on measurable domains of academic ability and proficiency is equivocal. AIMS: To evaluate the associations between difficulties initiating and maintaining sleep (DIMS) and subjective and objective academic performance in a large sample of university students...
August 31, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859214/-injuries-in-the-schoolyard-an-analysis-of-individual-and-contextual-factors
#19
Sven Stadtmüller, Andreas Klocke, Andrea Giersiefen, Robert Lipp
Aims of the Study Injuries of children and adolescents rank among the most immediate problems in public health in Germany. Alongside accidents in the household and during leisure time, the school is of great importance. However, there are significant gaps in knowledge about the causes of school injuries. This is the starting point of this article, which analyses individual and contextual factors that influence the occurrence of injuries in schools and deals explicitly with injuries happening in the schoolyard...
August 31, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858008/school-start-time-effects-on-adolescent-learning-and-academic-performance-emotional-health-and-behaviour
#20
Kyla L Wahlstrom, Judith A Owens
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The investigation of the relationship between the time of day that school begins and the effects it could have on students began in the mid-1990s. Since that time, many articles have been written either for the medical literature or the educational literature. This review is intended to bridge that gap by examining together the findings for both academic and health outcomes, exploring what we know and what is needed in further investigation. RECENT FINDINGS: Teens who are sleep deficient (defined as obtaining less than 8 h per night) because of early starting time for their school are much more likely to engage in risky behaviours, such as drug, cigarette and alcohol use, have significant feelings of depression, get lower grades and are at greater risk for car crashes...
August 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
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