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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922227/increasing-knowledge-and-confidence-in-behavioral-change-a-pilot-study
#1
Elizabeth P Frates, Ryan C Xiao, Kate Simeon, Tracie McCargo, Michelle Guo, Theodore A Stern
Objective: To assess whether and how effectively an interactive presentation about lifestyle medicine could impact the knowledge and attitudes of medical students to prepare them for managing chronic conditions in their patients. Chronic diseases are increasingly prevalent and problematic. Although chronic disease management involves lifestyle modification, few physicians are adequately trained in effective motivational interventions. Methods: We surveyed first- and second-year Harvard Medical School students in October 2015 before and after a presentation on lifestyle medicine and quantified changes in their knowledge, attitudes/confidence, and skills...
November 24, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916912/sleep-in-a-gymnasium-a-study-to-examine-the-psychophysiological-and-environmental-conditions-in-shelter-analogue-settings
#2
Koh Mizuno, Kazue Okamoto-Mizuno, Motoko Tanabe, Katsuko Niwano
We aimed to examine sleep in shelter-analogue settings to determine the sleep and environmental conditions in evacuation shelters. A summer social/educational event was conducted in an elementary school, wherein children and their parents (n = 109) spent one night in the school gymnasium; a total of 15 children and 7 adults completed the study. Data were recording using wrist actigraphy and questionnaires, from two days before the event to two days after the event. During the night in the gymnasium, sleep initiation in the children was found to be significantly delayed, whereas adults did not show any significant change in actigraphic sleep parameters...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914972/experience-of-primary-care-services-among-early-adolescents-in-england-and-association-with-health-outcomes
#3
Arrash A Yassaee, Dougal S Hargreaves, Kayleigh Chester, Stephanie Lamb, Ann Hagell, Fiona M Brooks
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate adolescents' (11-15 years) experience of their general practitioner (GP), whether poor reported GP experience was associated with worse physical and mental health measures and whether poor previous GP experience was linked to lower utilization of these services. METHODS: We used logistic regression to analyze data from the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. Four aspects of recent care experience were studied: feeling at ease, feeling treated with respect, satisfaction with doctor's explanation, and feeling able to discuss personal matters...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899340/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-adolescent-problems-coping-efficacy-and-mood-states-using-a-mobile-phone-app-an-exploratory-study
#4
Rachel Kenny, Barbara Dooley, Amanda Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: Mobile technologies have the potential to be used as innovative tools for conducting research on the mental health and well-being of young people. In particular, they have utility for carrying out ecological momentary assessment (EMA) research by capturing data from participants in real time as they go about their daily lives. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the utility of a mobile phone app as a means of collecting EMA data pertaining to mood, problems, and coping efficacy in a school-based sample of Irish young people...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899101/effect-of-a-participatory-organizational-level-occupational-health-intervention-on-job-satisfaction-exhaustion-and-sleep-disturbances-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Elisabeth Framke, Ole Henning Sørensen, Jacob Pedersen, Reiner Rugulies
BACKGROUND: We examined whether the implementation of a participatory organizational-level intervention aiming to improve the working environment with a focus on the core task at work, increased job satisfaction and reduced exhaustion and sleep disturbances among pre-school employees. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 41 intervention group pre-schools with 423 employees and 30 control group pre-schools with 241 employees. The intervention lasted 25 months and consisted of seminars, workshops, and workplace specific intervention activities that were developed by focusing on the core task at work...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887887/late-use-of-electronic-media-and-its-association-with-sleep-depression-and-suicidality-among-korean-adolescents
#6
Ji-Hye Seo, Jee Hyun Kim, Kwang Ik Yang, Seung Bong Hong
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of adolescents' last electronic media use time with their sleep and mood disturbances, including depression and suicidality. We also examined whether sleep disturbances and duration mediated the relationship between last media use time and mood disturbances. METHODS: This cross-sectional, school-based, online survey was administered by the Sleep Center at Samsung Medical Center and the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) in 2011...
August 23, 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878883/school-start-time-and-sleep-in-canadian-adolescents
#7
Geneviève Gariépy, Ian Janssen, Mariane Sentenac, Frank J Elgar
Insufficient sleep is a serious problem in adolescents and school start time is thought to be a key contributor. This study provided the first comprehensive assessment of school start times across Canada and examined whether school start times were associated with sleep duration and tiredness among adolescents. We collected information on school start times from 362 schools that participated in the 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. We calculated sleep duration from weekday bedtime and wake time reported by 29 635 students (aged 10-18 years)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875021/lifestyle-and-bowel-movements-in-school-children-results-from-the-toyama-birth-cohort-study
#8
Masaaki Yamada, Michikazu Sekine, Takashi Tatsuse
BACKGROUND: Constipation is prevalent health disorder and it has been bothering many pediatricians as well as people suffering from constipation. There have been few epidemiological surveys about constipation in Japanese children. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of non-daily bowel movements (BM) and irregular BM among children and to identify modifiable lifestyle factors relevant to their bowel habits. METHODS: Subjects were from the Toyama Birth Cohort Study in Japan...
November 22, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868260/an-experimental-study-of-adolescent-sleep-restriction-during-a-simulated-school-week-changes-in-phase-sleep-staging-performance-and-sleepiness
#9
Alex Agostini, Mary A Carskadon, Jillian Dorrian, Scott Coussens, Michelle A Short
This laboratory study investigated the impact of restricted sleep during a simulated school week on circadian phase, sleep stages and daytime functioning. Changes were examined across and within days and during a simulated weekend recovery. Participants were 12 healthy secondary school students (six male) aged 15-17 years [mean = 16.1 years, standard deviation (SD) = 0.9]. After 2 nights with 10 h (21:30-07:30 hours), time in bed was restricted to 5 h for 5 nights (02:30-07:30 hours), then returned to 10 h time in bed for 2 nights (21:30-07:30 hours)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865065/how-do-we-recognize-the-child-with-osas
#10
Koen F Joosten, Helena Larramona, Silvia Miano, Dick Van Waardenburg, Athanasios G Kaditis, Nele Vandenbussche, Refika Ersu
Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing includes a spectrum of clinical entities with variable severity ranging from primary snoring to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The clinical suspicion for OSAS is most often raised by parental report of specific symptoms and/or abnormalities identified by the physical examination which predispose to upper airway obstruction (e.g., adenotonsillar hypertrophy, obesity, craniofacial abnormalities, neuromuscular disorders). Symptoms and signs of OSAS are classified into those directly related to the intermittent pharyngeal airway obstruction (e...
November 16, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864356/the-social-gradient-of-sleep-in-adolescence-results-from-the-youth-hordaland-survey
#11
Mari Hysing, Keith J Petrie, Tormod Bøe, Tea Lallukka, Børge Sivertsen
BACKGROUND: A social gradient of sleep problems has been demonstrated in both children and adults, but our knowledge about possible social determinants of adolescent sleep problems remains limited. METHODS: A large population-based study in Norway surveyed 10 220 adolescents aged 16-19 years in 2012. Multiple socioeconomic status (SES) indicators and assessment of sleep, including DSM-5 insomnia, sleep duration, weekend-weekdays differences, as well as sleep deficit and delayed sleep phase were included...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855730/high-school-start-times-and-the-impact-on-high-school-students-what-we-know-and-what-we-hope-to-learn
#12
Timothy I Morgenthaler, Sarah Hashmi, Janet B Croft, Leslie Dort, Jonathan L Heald, Janet Mullington
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Several organizations have provided recommendations to ensure high school starts no sooner than 08:30. However, although there are plausible biological reasons to support such recommendations, published recommendations have been based largely on expert opinion and a few observational studies. We sought to perform a critical review of published evidence regarding the effect of high school start times on sleep and other relevant outcomes. METHODS: We performed a broad literature search to identify 287 candidate publications for inclusion in our review, which focused on studies offering direct comparison of sleep time, academic or physical performance, behavioral health measures, or motor vehicular accidents in high school students...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848727/results-from-canada-s-2016-participaction-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#13
Joel D Barnes, Christine Cameron, Valerie Carson, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Guy E J Faulkner, Katherine Janson, Ian Janssen, Roger Kramers, Allana G LeBlanc, John C Spence, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: The ParticipACTION Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth is the most comprehensive assessment of child and youth physical activity in Canada and provides an update or "state of the nation" that assesses how Canada is doing at promoting and facilitating physical activity opportunities for children and youth. The purpose of this paper is to summarize the results of the 2016 ParticipACTION Report Card. METHODS: Twelve physical activity indicators were graded by a committee of experts using a process that was informed by the best available evidence...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837175/understanding-the-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-medications-in-the-u-s-high-school-adolescents
#14
Cynthia G Ayres, Nancy M Pontes, Manuel C F Pontes
The purpose of the study was to examine relationships between sleep insufficiency, depressive symptoms, demographic factors, and the nonmedical use of prescription medications (NMUPMs) in the U.S. high school students. Data from the 2013 Youth Risk Behavioral Surveillance System were used (n = 13,570) and analyzed using IBM SPSS 23™ (complex samples). Significant bivariate relationships were found between the NMUPMs and sleep (p < .01), feeling sad (p < .001), grade level (p < .001), and race/ethnicity (p < ...
November 11, 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823706/nationwide-epidemiological-study-of-insomnia-in-japan
#15
Osamu Itani, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Takeshi Munezawa, Kazuo Mishima, Maki Jike, Sachi Nakagome, Mikiko Tokiya, Takashi Ohida
BACKGROUND: This study was a nationwide epidemiological study of insomnia in Japan. It was conducted because very few studies on this topic have previously been performed for the general Japanese population. METHODS: An interview survey on symptoms of insomnia (difficulty initiating sleep, difficulty maintaining sleep with difficulty resuming sleep, and early morning awakening with difficulty resuming sleep) and daytime dysfunction was conducted on the general nationwide population in the winter (February) and summer (August) of 2008...
September 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822941/the-association-between-self-reported-sleep-duration-and-body-mass-index-among-korean-adolescents
#16
Ban Hyung Lee, Seung Gul Kang, Jae Won Choi, Yu Jin Lee
Previous research has shown that lack of sleep is related to Body Mass Index (BMI) in adolescence. This study was designed to investigate the association between sleep duration and BMI among Korean adolescents. We conducted a school-based cross-sectional study of 3,785 adolescents (males: 58.2%, females: 41.8%) in middle and high school between the ages of 11 and 18 years (mean age 15.26 ± 1.45). Using a self-reported questionnaire, we obtained information regarding weekday sleep duration, weekend sleep duration, height, weight, time spent at private tutoring institutes, socioeconomic status and scores on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822271/the-relationship-between-child-anxiety-related-disorders-and-primary-nocturnal-enuresis
#17
Bahman Salehi, Parsa Yousefichaijan, Mohammad Rafeei, Mahssa Mostajeran
BACKGROUND: Nocturnal enuresis, often called bedwetting or sleep wetting, is a common problem in children after the age of five and may lead to symptoms such as infection, incontinence and frequent urination. This problem refers to a state in which children after the age of five have no control of their urine for six continuous months and it cannot be attributed to any organic factors or drug use. OBJECTIVES: In this study we aimed to study generalized anxiety disorder as one of the possible causes of primary nocturnal enuresis...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818085/school-based-sleep-education-programs-a-knowledge-to-action-perspective-regarding-barriers-proposed-solutions-and-future-directions
#18
REVIEW
Reut Gruber
Sleep is associated with an array of physical and mental health outcomes that are essential for healthy adjustment in children. Unfortunately, transfer of this knowledge into action has been slow and largely ineffective. There are only 15 published school-based sleep health promotion programs, and findings are mixed in terms of their impact on sleep behavior, knowledge and health outcomes. This paper applies a knowledge-to-action (KTA) framework to assess the strengths and weaknesses of such programs and to identify strategies that can be used to enhance the translation of empirical evidence in pediatric sleep to effective action...
October 11, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815299/clustering-patterns-of-obesity-related-multiple-lifestyle-behaviours-and-their-associations-with-overweight-and-family-environments-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japanese-preschool-children
#19
Etsuko Watanabe, Jung Su Lee, Katsumi Mori, Kiyoshi Kawakubo
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is (1) to identify obesity-related lifestyle behaviour patterns of diet, physical activity, sedentary and sleep behaviours in preschool children, (2) to examine the association between identified behaviour clusters and overweight/obesity and (3) to investigate differences in children's family environments according to clusters. DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional study on 2114 preschool children aged 3-6 years who attended childcare facilities (24 nursery schools and 10 kindergartens) in Tsuruoka city, Japan in April 2003 was conducted...
November 4, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812308/daily-salivary-cortisol-profile-insights-from-the-croatian-late-adolescence-stress-study-class
#20
Daniela Šupe-Domić, Goran Milas, Irena Drmić Hofman, Lada Rumora, Irena Martinović Klarić
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to examine basal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity and to determine associations of various covariates (gender, sleep-wake rhythm, demographic, academic, life style and health-related characteristics) with altered daily salivary cortisol profiles in late adolescence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The total analytic sample consisted of 903 Croatian secondary school students aged 18 - 21 years (median 19 years). Salivary cortisol was sampled at home at three time points over the course of one week and its concentrations were measured by using the enzyme immunoassay...
October 15, 2016: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
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