Read by QxMD icon Read

Sleep school

Xinyue Zhang, Lichao Sun, Li Cui, Weihong Lin
Background Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is the most common cause of death in people with epilepsy. The pathogenesis of SUDEP is still unclear. The majority of SUDEP cases occur in intractable epilepsy, especially in the aftermath of a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. We report an atypical SUDEP case with infrequent seizures in frontal lobe epilepsy. Case Report A 14-year-old girl presented with a 13-year history of paroxysmal convulsions. She experienced three episodes within 6-10 months after birth...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Dayna A Johnson, Lisa J Meltzer, Talan Zhang, Mei Lu, Andrea E Cassidy-Bushrow, Stephanie Stokes-Buzzelli, Elizabeth Duffy, Brittany McKinnon, Prashant Mahajan, Susan Redline, Christine Lm Joseph
OBJECTIVE: Insufficient sleep is common among caregivers and is associated with worse health outcomes; however, the contributors to poor sleep among caregivers are unknown. We investigated the cross-sectional association between socioeconomic status (SES), psychosocial stressors, and sleep among caregivers. METHODS: Caregivers (n=98) of teenagers with asthma self-reported sleep duration (hours), sleep quality (very good to very bad), education (<high school to college graduate), income ($15,000 to $50,000), and psychosocial stressors (stress, worry, social support, depressive symptoms, nightly awakenings due to caregiving)...
April 2018: Sleep Health
Sarah Blunden, Chris Magee, Kelly Attard, Larissa Clarkson, Peter Caputi, Timothy Skinner
BACKGROUND: Sleep duration and sleep schedule variability have been related to negative health and well-being outcomes in children, but little is known about Australian Indigenous children. METHODS: Data for children aged 7-9 years came from the Australian Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children and the National Assessment Program-Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN). Latent class analysis determined sleep classes taking into account sleep duration, bedtimes, waketimes, and variability in bedtimes from weekdays to weekends...
April 2018: Sleep Health
Lisa A Ostrin, Auzita Sajjadi, Julia S Benoit
SIGNIFICANCE: Significant differences in light exposure were observed between school and summer in children, whereas activity and sleep were similar. Associations between parent and child behaviors suggest a potential mechanism for how myopia is transmitted from parents to children through patterns of environmental exposure, in addition to genetic factors. PURPOSE: Objectively measured time outdoors, light exposure, activity, and sleep were examined in children during school and summer and assessed with eye growth...
March 16, 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Ruchi Singh, Jagdish C Suri, Renuka Sharma, Tejas Suri, Tulsi Adhikari
OBJECTIVES: To examine the sleep pattern and observe differences in sleep routines, phase preferences, mood, attendance, and academic performance among different adolescent age students. Secondly, to observe the age at which sleep phase transition and changes in sleep requirement become evident. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 501 students (aged 11-15 y) of a school in Delhi, India. Students were evaluated for their sleep patterns, sleep duration, habits of napping, quality of sleep, sleepiness, depression, phase preferences by self-reported school sleep habits survey questionnaire along with school performance and attendance...
March 16, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Tracy Trevorrow, Eric S Zhou, Jessica R Dietch, Brian D Gonzalez
The Society of Behavioral Medicine recommends school officials start middle and high school classes at 8:30 am or later. Such a schedule promotes students' sleep health, resulting in improvements in physical health, psychological well-being, attention and concentration, academic performance, and driving safety. In this position statement, we propose a four-tiered approach to promote later school start times for middle and high schools.
March 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Jing Jing Wang, Yang Gao, Patrick W C Lau
Background: Childhood overweight is a crucial public health concern. Recognizing its associated factors can facilitate the establishment of effective prevention strategies. The aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence of overweight in Hong Kong Chinese children and explore its influential factors in relation to family, early-life development and behavior-related issues. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 894 primary school students aged 9-12 years (50...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness
Tiago Rodrigues de Lima, Diego Augusto Santos Silva
BACKGROUND: Good sleep quality is an essential component for growth, development, and physical and mental health of the individual, in addition to being a positive indicator of health and well-being. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of poor sleep quality and to identify the association of poor sleep quality with sociodemographic factors, lifestyle, weight status, and associated aerobic fitness in adolescents. METHODS: This study included 1110 students aged 14-19 years from city of São José/SC, Brazil...
March 13, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Jun Tang, Yinkun Yan, Ju-Sheng Zheng, Jie Mi, Duo Li
The relationship between circulating fatty acid (FA) composition and childhood sleep disturbance remains largely unclear. We aimed to investigate the association of erythrocyte membrane FA composition with prevalence of sleep disturbance in Chinese children and adolescents. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2337 school-aged children and adolescents who completed a clinical assessment in Beijing, China. Presence of sleep disturbance was self-reported or parent-reported by questionnaires. Erythrocyte FAs were measured by gas chromatography, and desaturase activities were estimated by FA ratios...
March 12, 2018: Nutrients
Michael C Mullarkey, Igor Marchetti, Christopher G Beevers
Experiencing depression symptoms, even at mild to moderate levels, is associated with maladaptive outcomes for adolescents. We used network analysis to evaluate which symptoms (and associations between symptoms) are most central to adolescent depression. Participants were part of a large, diverse community sample (N = 1,409) of adolescents between 13 and 19 years of age. Network analysis was used to identify the most central symptoms (nodes) and associations between symptoms (edges) assessed by the Children's Depression Inventory...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
A Kesintha, L Rampal, M S Sherina, T Kalaiselvam
INTRODUCTION: Poor sleep quality among adolescents is becoming a major worldwide concern and is widely recognized as a significant public health issue. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and predictors of poor sleep quality among secondary school students in Gombak District, Selangor. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Gombak District. The sample size was 1,092 based on two group comparison formula. Students were selected using sampling with probability to proportionate to size...
February 2018: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Ezra M Cohen, Michelle L Dossett, Darshan H Mehta, Roger B Davis, Yvonne C Lee
OBJECTIVES: Sleep difficulties are a serious health problem in children, and interest in using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies to treat sleep is growing. In this study, we aimed to identify: the prevalence of sleep difficulties in children, and the prevalence and patterns of CAM use among children with trouble sleeping. METHODS: We used the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) dataset to estimate the prevalence of sleep difficulties and CAM use in children ages 6-17 years...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine
Akiyoshi Shimura, Sakai Hideo, Yoshikazu Takaesu, Ryota Nomura, Yoko Komada, Takeshi Inoue
OBJECTIVE: Sleep affects adolescents in various ways. However, the effects of multiple factors on sleep hygiene remain unclear. A comprehensive assessment of the effects of life habits on sleep in high-school students was conducted. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 344 high school students (age range 15-17; 171 boys, 173 girls) in Tokyo, Japan was conducted in 2015. Complete responses were provided by 294 students. Demographic variables, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), diurnal type scale, Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale (PDSS), and life habits such as dinnertime, viewing electronic displays, caffeine intake, sunlight in the morning, and the brightness of the room in the night were asked...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine
Nicole Papadopoulos, Vasileios Stavropoulos, Jennifer McGinley, Mark Bellgrove, Bruce Tonge, Anna Murphy, Kim Cornish, Nicole Rinehart
OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: A high proportion of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder- Combined type (ADHD-CT) experience sleep and motor problems. This study investigated (a) whether motor proficiency moderated the relationship between ADHD symptoms and sleep problems in children with and without ADHD-CT and (b) whether this moderation differed as a function of ADHD diagnosis. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 70 primary school male children between 8-15 years were recruited; children with ADHD-CT (n = 38; mean age 10 years, 2 months [SD = 1 year, 6 months]) and a typically developing (TD) (n = 32; mean age 9 years, 6 months [SD = 1 year, 5 months]) group...
March 12, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Alex Agostini, Kurt Lushington, Mark Kohler, Jillian Dorrian
This study examined the associations between self-reported sleep timing and quality, and the frequency of breakfast and junk food consumption in 28,010 Australian school students (mean ± SD age = 13.3 ± 1.2 years, 51% male). After controlling for age, sex and socioeconomic status, regression analyses revealed that the odds of missing breakfast were significantly higher in children who reported poor sleep or later bedtimes, while the odds of junk food consumption were significantly higher in children reporting later weeknight bedtimes (p < 0...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
Lan Guo, Wanxin Wang, Xue Gao, Guoliang Huang, Pengsheng Li, Ciyong Lu
OBJECTIVES: To test, among older Chinese adolescents, the associations of childhood maltreatment with single and multiple suicide attempts and whether these associations vary in relation to the presence of sleep disturbance. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed data collected from 10th to 12th graders from 7 randomly selected provinces of China in the 2015 School-based Chinese Adolescents Health Survey. There were 83 200 students who were invited to participate, and 75 715 students' questionnaires were completed and qualified for the survey...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Awfa Y Alazzeh, Eyad M AlShammari, Majdi M Smadi, Firas S Azzeh, Bandar T AlShammari, Suneetha Epuru, Shahidah Banu, Rafia Bano, Shadi Sulaiman, Jerold C Alcantara, Syed A Ashraf, Samir Qiblawi
A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the effect of some socioeconomic factors and lifestyle habits on the prevalence of obesity among adolescent male students in the Hail region, Saudi Arabia. A questionnaire was filled by 1495 male adolescents distributed among 12 schools in the Hail region. Body weight and height were taken, and the Z -score of students was measured using Anthroplus software with a cutoff 1-2 and +2 standard deviations to determine overweight and obesity, respectively. The study revealed that 21...
March 9, 2018: Children
Marco Filardi, Fabio Pizza, Elena Antelmi, Raffaele Ferri, Vincenzo Natale, Giuseppe Plazzi
Study Objectives: Sodium oxybate (SXB) is a GABAergic agent widely used as off-label treatment in pediatric type 1 narcolepsy (NT1). Here we aimed at analyzing by wrist actigraphy the sleep/wake profile of NT1 children and adolescents in drug-naïve condition and after 1 year of SXB treatment. As secondary aim, we investigated changes on sleepiness, cataplexy and children's anthropometric profile after 1 year of SXB treatment. Methods: Twenty-four drug-naïve NT1 children underwent seven days of actigraphy during the school week...
March 7, 2018: Sleep
Veni Kandasamy, Ashley H Hirai, Reem M Ghandour, Michael D Kogan
OBJECTIVE: Flourishing reflects positive mental health and thriving and is important for children's development and well-being. Few national studies of flourishing among school-aged children exist. Exposure to socioeconomic disadvantage is negatively associated with social and health outcomes, including flourishing. This analysis describes independent associations of the child, family, school, and neighborhood factors with flourishing, which we hypothesized may contribute to sociodemographic disparities...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Steffie V Gundersen, Robert Goodman, Lars Clemmensen, Martin K Rimvall, Anja Munkholm, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Anne Mette Skovgaard, Jim Van Os, Pia Jeppesen
AIM: Valid instruments for the early identification of psychotic experiences (PE) and symptoms in youths are urgently needed for large-scale preventive interventions. A new section of The-Development-and-Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA) measuring child self-reported PE has yet to be validated. The current study aimed to investigate the concurrent validity of DAWBA-based self-reported PE (PE-S) with regard to interview-based measures of PE (PE-I). METHODS: Participants were 1571 (47...
March 8, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"