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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079611/it-is-just-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder%C3%A2-or-is-it
#1
Dana C Won, Christian Guilleminault, Peter J Koltai, Stacey D Quo, Martin T Stein, Irene M Loe
Carly is a 5-year-old girl who presents for an interdisciplinary evaluation due to behaviors at school and home suggestive of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Parent report of preschool teacher concerns was consistent with ADHD. Psychological testing showed verbal, visual-spatial, and fluid reasoning IQ scores in the average range; processing speed and working memory were below average. Carly's behavior improved when her mother left the room, and she was attentive during testing with a psychologist...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078863/nasal-irrigation-with-nasir%C3%A2-in-children-a-preliminary-experience-on-nasal-cytology
#2
M Gelardi, S Taliente, K Piccininni, G Silvestre, N Quaranta, G Ciprandi
Allergic rhinitis (AR) and upper airway respiratory infections are frequent in children, and both have a relevant impact on some social aspects, including school attendance and performance, sleep, quality of life (also of the parents), and costs. Saline nasal irrigation is widely employed to reduce nasal congestion and mucopurulent secretion, to stimulate cleansing of the nasal and paranasal cavities, and to induce restoration of mucociliary clearance. The present study evaluated the effects of nasal irrigation on nasal cytology, using the new device Nasir® in 66 children (40 males, 26 females, mean age 7...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066802/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-children-s-sleep-wake-scale
#3
Monique K LeBourgeois, John R Harsh
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development and psychometric evaluation of the Children's Sleep-Wake Scale (CSWS), a caregiver-report measure of behavioral sleep quality in 2- to 8-year-old children. DESIGN: Five studies using independent samples were completed to generate, refine, and finalize the item pool, as well as to confirm the factor structure and to assess the reliability and validity of the CSWS. SETTING: Field. MEASURES: CSWS, sleep diary, and actigraphy...
September 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065388/a-systematic-review-of-cognitive-function-and-psychosocial-well-being-in-school-age-children-with-narcolepsy
#4
REVIEW
Jane E Blackwell, Hetaf A Alammar, Anna R Weighall, Ian Kellar, Hannah M Nash
In August 2010, concerns were raised about an increase in the incidence rate of narcolepsy diagnosis in children and adolescents. Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological sleep disorder characterised by excessive daytime sleepiness and attacks of muscle weakness which are often precipitated by strong emotions, known as cataplexy. We systematically examined and updated the scientific literature on the consequences of narcolepsy on cognitive function and psychosocial well-being in school-age children. Eight studies published between 2005 and 2015 were eligible for inclusion in this review...
July 18, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056890/the-relationship-between-hours-of-sleep-screen-time-and-frequency-of-food-and-drink-consumption-in-spain%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-the-2011-and-2013-aladino-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Napoleón Pérez-Farinós, Carmen Villar-Villalba, Ana María López Sobaler, María Ángeles Dal Re Saavedra, Aránzazu Aparicio, Sara Santos Sanz, Teresa Robledo de Dios, José Javier Castrodeza-Sanz, Rosa María Ortega Anta
BACKGROUND: The frequency of intake of food and beverages depends on a number of ill-defined behaviour patterns. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of screen time and sleep duration on food consumption frequency, and to describe frequencies and types of food consumption according to BMI category and parents' level of education. METHODS: We studied 6287 and 2806 children drawn from the 2011 and 2013 cross-sectional ALADINO studies respectively...
January 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012800/separation-anxiety-disorder-in-school-age-children-what-health-care-providers-should-know
#6
Jerrica Vaughan, Jennifer A Coddington, Azza H Ahmed, MaryLou Ertel
Separation anxiety disorder (SAD) is the most common childhood anxiety disorder, and it has many consequences, particularly for school-age children. These consequences include excessive worry, sleep problems, distress in social and academic settings, and a variety of physical symptoms that, left untreated, can cause social and academic decline. Pediatric providers routinely see children in the primary care office and have the unique opportunity to diagnose, treat, and manage children with SAD. Despite this, SAD continues to be underdiagnosed and undertreated because of a gap in the literature regarding evidence-based practice guidelines for pediatric providers...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008004/adolescent-and-parent-treatment-goals-in-an-internet-delivered-chronic-pain-self-management-program-does-agreement-of-treatment-goals-matter
#7
Emma Fisher, Maggie H Bromberg, Gabrielle Tai, Tonya M Palermo
OBJECTIVE : To assess whether adolescent-parent agreement on treatment goals as part of an Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral pain intervention was associated with adolescent outcomes. METHODS : 122 adolescent-parent dyads selected two treatment goals. Pain intensity and pain-related disability were assessed at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and 6- and 12-month follow-ups. We compared dyads who had goal agreement versus no agreement. RESULTS : 74 dyads (61%) agreed on one or more treatment goals, most commonly going to school, sports, and sleep...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007360/protective-and-risk-factors-associated-with-adolescent-sleep-findings-from-australia-canada-and-the-netherlands
#8
Kate Bartel, Paul Williamson, Annette van Maanen, Jamie Cassoff, Anne Marie Meijer, Frans Oort, Bärbel Knäuper, Reut Gruber, Michael Gradisar
BACKGROUND: Sleep is vital for adolescent functioning. Those with optimal sleep duration have shown improved capacity to learn and decreased rate of motor vehicle accidents. This study explored the influence of numerous protective and risk factors on adolescents' school night sleep (bedtime, sleep latency, total sleep time) simultaneously to assess the importance of each one and compare within three countries. METHOD: Online survey data were collected from Australia, Canada, and The Netherlands...
October 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006876/health-related-quality-of-life-after-pediatric-liver-transplantation-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Arpita Parmar, Shannon Marie Vandriel, Vicky Lee Ng
With improved survival rates after pediatric liver transplantation (LT), attention is targeting improving the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) as an outcome metric. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to examine HRQOL after pediatric LT, focusing on assessment tools, and factors associated with HRQOL.A literature search was conducted through PubMed, Web of Science, OVID, and Google Scholar for all studies matching the eligibility criteria between January 2004 and September 2016. Titles and abstracts were screened independently by two authors and consensus for included studies was achieved through discussion...
December 22, 2016: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005962/health-related-factors-associated-with-discrepancies-between-children-s-potential-and-attained-secondary-school-level-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Iris van der Heide, Ulrike Gehring, Gerard H Koppelman, Alet H Wijga
OBJECTIVES: This longitudinal study examines children's health-related characteristics in relation to discrepancies between their educational potential assessed by a cognitive test in primary school at age 11 and their attained secondary school level at age 14. METHODS: Data were used from 1510 participants of the Dutch PIAMA (Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy) birth cohort. Multiple multinomial logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the associations between indicators of physical health, psychosocial health, lifestyle, sleeping patterns and stressful life events and attending a higher or lower level of secondary education than indicated by the cognitive test...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998373/sleep-quality-in-an-adult-american-indian-community-sample
#11
Cindy L Ehlers, Derek N Wills, Philip Lau, David A Gilder
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies have found that insufficient sleep (< 7 h/night) is more common among American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN). In this study we sought to identify specific demographic, clinical, and cultural factors that may be associated with reduced sleep quality in an American Indian community sample. METHODS: Information on demography along with personal medical, psychiatric, and drinking history was obtained using the Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism (SSAGA)...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992627/associations-between-%C3%AE-amyloid-kinetics-and-the-%C3%AE-amyloid-diurnal-pattern-in-the-central-nervous-system
#12
Brendan P Lucey, Kwasi G Mawuenyega, Bruce W Patterson, Donald L Elbert, Vitaliy Ovod, Tom Kasten, John C Morris, Randall J Bateman
Importance: Recent studies found that the concentration of amyloid-β (Aβ) fluctuates with the sleep-wake cycle. Although the amplitude of this day/night pattern attenuates with age and amyloid deposition, to our knowledge, the association of Aβ kinetics (ie, production, turnover, and clearance) with this oscillation has not been studied. Objective: To determine the association between Aβ kinetics, age, amyloid levels, and the Aβ day/night pattern in humans...
December 19, 2016: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988020/united-states-adolescents-television-computer-videogame-smartphone-and-tablet-use-associations-with-sugary-drinks-sleep-physical-activity-and-obesity
#13
Erica L Kenney, Steven L Gortmaker
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the relationships between youth use of television (TV) and other screen devices, including smartphones and tablets, and obesity risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: TV and other screen device use, including smartphones, tablets, computers, and/or videogames, was self-reported by a nationally representative, cross-sectional sample of 24 800 US high school students (2013-2015 Youth Risk Behavior Surveys). Students also reported on health behaviors including sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake, physical activity, sleep, and weight and height...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981353/adolescents-with-a-smartphone-sleep-less-than-their-peers
#14
Angélick Schweizer, André Berchtold, Yara Barrense-Dias, Christina Akre, Joan-Carles Suris
: Many studies have shown that the use of electronic media is related to sleep disturbance, but few have examined the impact of smartphones. The objective of this study was to assess longitudinally whether acquiring a smartphone had an effect on adolescents' sleeping duration. The study included 591 adolescents observed at baseline (T0, Spring 2012; mean age 14.3 years, 288 females) and 2 years later (T1). They were divided into owners (those owning a smartphone at T0 and T1; N = 383), new owners (those owning a smartphone at T1 but not at T0; N = 153), and non-owners (those not owning a smartphone at any time-point; N = 55)...
January 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977282/individual-and-neighborhood-stressors-sleep-problems-and-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-among-latino-youth
#15
Sonia L Rubens, Omar G Gudiño, Paula J Fite, Jessica M Grande
Limited research has examined the relation between exposure to stressors and internalizing symptoms among Latino adolescents, including factors that account for this relation. This study examined whether sleep played a role in the relation between exposure to neighborhood- (i.e., neighborhood disadvantage) and individual-level (i.e., negative life events) stressors and symptoms of anxiety and depression among a sample of 144 low-income, Latino adolescents (54% males, mean age = 16.25, SD = 1.46) attending a charter high school in a large, Midwestern city...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973405/chronic-pain-in-children-and-adolescents-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-primary-pain-disorders-in-head-abdomen-muscles-and-joints
#16
REVIEW
Stefan J Friedrichsdorf, James Giordano, Kavita Desai Dakoji, Andrew Warmuth, Cyndee Daughtry, Craig A Schulz
Primary pain disorders (formerly "functional pain syndromes") are common, under-diagnosed and under-treated in children and teenagers. This manuscript reviews key aspects which support understanding the development of pediatric chronic pain, points to the current pediatric chronic pain terminology, addresses effective treatment strategies, and discusses the evidence-based use of pharmacology. Common symptoms of an underlying pain vulnerability present in the three most common chronic pain disorders in pediatrics: primary headaches, centrally mediated abdominal pain syndromes, and/or chronic/recurrent musculoskeletal and joint pain...
December 10, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968883/auriculotherapy-for-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-older-men-a-4-week-randomised-controlled-pilot-study
#17
Lorna Suen, Wai Hon, Kai Wang Yeung, Chao Hsing Yeh, Hon Fat Wong
BACKGROUND: Lower urinary tract symptoms, which commonly occur among older men, include urinary retention, voiding difficulty, frequent feeling of urinary urgency, and nocturia. Auriculotherapy, a Chinese medicine approach, is a therapeutic method in which specific points in the auricle are stimulated to achieve specific therapeutic purposes. This randomised controlled pilot study aimed to determine whether magneto-auriculotherapy alone or in combination with laser auriculotherapy is more effective than placebo for symptom relief and enhancement of quality of life...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957645/cyberbullying-among-greek-high-school-adolescents
#18
Athanasia Gkiomisi, Maria Gkrizioti, Athina Gkiomisi, Dimitrios A Anastasilakis, Panagiotis Kardaras
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of cyberbullying among Greek students and the efficacy of proposed preventive interventions. METHODS: Three types of high schools (private, experimental and public) with different politics on on-line aggression were enrolled. All students of the aforementioned schools were asked to complete an anonymous questionnaire. RESULTS: Around 62 % of the high school students experienced cyberbullying by electronic means, especially by cell phone, mostly the public school students (p 0...
December 13, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941174/nocturnal-levels-of-chemerin-and-progranulin-in-adolescents-influence-of-sex-body-mass-index-glucose-metabolism-and-sleep
#19
Johann Daxer, Theresa Herttrich, Ying Y Zhao, Mandy Vogel, Andreas Hiemisch, Kathrin Scheuermann, Antje Körner, Jürgen Kratzsch, Wieland Kiess, Mirja Quante
BACKGROUND: Adipokines have been implicated in obesity, insulin resistance and sleep regulation. However, the role of chemerin and progranulin, two recently described adipokines, in the context of sleep remains unclear. The aim of this study was to compare nocturnal serum chemerin and progranulin levels between overweight/obese and normal-weight adolescents and to assess variations by sex, across different sleep stages and in relation to glucose metabolism. METHODS: The study sample included 34 overweight/obese and 32 normal-weight adolescents from secondary schools and the Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases (LIFE) Child study cohort...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940794/media-use-in-school-aged-children-and-adolescents
#20
(no author information available yet)
This policy statement focuses on children and adolescents 5 through 18 years of age. Research suggests both benefits and risks of media use for the health of children and teenagers. Benefits include exposure to new ideas and knowledge acquisition, increased opportunities for social contact and support, and new opportunities to access health-promotion messages and information. Risks include negative health effects on weight and sleep; exposure to inaccurate, inappropriate, or unsafe content and contacts; and compromised privacy and confidentiality...
November 2016: Pediatrics
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