keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sleep school

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738322/pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-where-do-we-stand
#1
Yu-Shu Huang, Christian Guilleminault
Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was initially described in 1976. In 1981, Dr. Guilleminault emphasized that pediatric OSA was different from the clinical presentation reported in adults. It was characterized by more disturbed nocturnal sleep than excessive daytime sleepiness, and presented more behavioral problems, particularly school problems, hyperactivity, nocturnal enuresis, sleep terrors, depression, insomnia, and psychiatric problems. The underlying causes of pediatric OSA are complex. Such factors as adenotonsillar hypertrophy, obesity, anatomical and neuromuscular factors, and hypotonic neuromuscular disease are also involved...
2017: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736955/does-compliance-with-healthy-lifestyle-behaviours-cluster-within-individuals-in-australian-primary-school-aged-children
#2
T Olds, I Sanders, C Maher, F Fraysse, L Bell, E Leslie
BACKGROUND: The 3 "movement behaviours" of sleep, screen time, and physical activity are associated with a wide range of health outcomes in children. This study examined whether these behaviours cluster together within individuals in Australian primary school children. METHODS: Three datasets including 4,449 9- to 11-year-old children were interrogated-(a) Obesity Prevention and Lifestyle (OPAL), (b) the International Study of Children, Obesity, Lifestyle and Environment (ISCOLE), and (c) the National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (NCNPAS)...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728621/high-flow-heated-humidified-air-via-nasal-cannula-treats-cpap-intolerant-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#3
Stephen Hawkins, Stephanie Huston, Kristen Campbell, Ann Halbower
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is effective but challenging for children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). High-flow air via open nasal cannula (HFNC) as treatment in children remains controversial. We report the efficacy of HFNC in children with OSA and CPAP intolerance, a titration protocol, and a discussion of potential mechanisms. METHODS: Patients aged 1 to 18 years with OSA (defined by obstructive apnea-hypopnea index [OAHI] greater than 1 event/h) and CPAP intolerance were enrolled...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728259/-impact-of-allergic-airway-diseases-on-risk-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-school-age-children
#4
X D Jiang, C Shen, K Li, Y T Ji, S H Li, F Jiang, X M Shen, F Li, Y Hu
Objective: To investigate the impact of allergic airway diseases on the risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in school-age children. Method: Used stratified cluster sampling method, school-age children in first to sixth grade in primary schools in 9 randomly selected cities including Shanghai, Guangzhou, Xi'an, and Wuhan were enrolled in the study. Interview of parents with questionnaires, which included school-age individual and family social environment questionnaire (including history of diagnosed ADHD, allergic rhinitis, and bronchial asthma) and Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ), were finished and collected during November to December in 2005...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726585/student-bedtimes-academic-performance-and-health-in-a-residential-high-school
#5
Maliah J Wernette, Jan Emory
Inadequate sleep among adolescents is considered an epidemic in the United States. Late night bedtimes could be an important factor in academic performance and health with consequences continuing throughout adulthood. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between late night bedtimes, academic performance (grade point average [GPA]), and utilization of health care (school nurse visits) in a residential high school. The data were collected from archival records for one academic semester. The statistical analysis employed the nonparametric Pearson's correlation coefficient ( r) with the standard level of significance (α = ...
August 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709588/postural-disorders-in-mouth-breathing-children-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Patricia Dayrell Neiva, Renata Noce Kirkwood, Polyana Leite Mendes, Karl Zabjek, Helena Gonçalves Becker, Sunita Mathur
BACKGROUND: Mouth breathing syndrome can cause sleep disturbances that compromise the performance of children in school. It might also cause postural abnormalities involving the head and cervical spine; however, the association between postural abnormalities and mouth breathing in children is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To assess the methodological quality of studies and determine if there is an association between mouth breathing and postural disorders in children. METHODS: Databases comprised MEDLINE, CINAHL, PEDro, LILACS, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Registrar of Controlled Trials...
July 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709516/social-relationships-and-the-sleep-health-nexus-in-adolescence-evidence-from-a-comprehensive-model-with-bi-directional-effects
#7
David J Maume
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the bi-directional effects of sleep and health (body mass index [BMI], depression, and substance use) among adolescents in the presence of comprehensive controls for social relationships and daily stressors and supports. DESIGN: Longitudinal survey. SETTING: Data were obtained from the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, a longitudinal survey designed and administered by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development...
August 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709515/adolescents-technology-and-face-to-face-time-use-predict-objective-sleep-outcomes
#8
Royette Tavernier, Jennifer A Heissel, Michael R Sladek, Kathryn E Grant, Emma K Adam
OBJECTIVES: The present study examined both within- and between-person associations between adolescents' time use (technology-based activities and face-to-face interactions with friends and family) and sleep behaviors. We also assessed whether age moderated associations between adolescents' time use with friends and family and sleep. DESIGN: Adolescents wore an actigraph monitor and completed brief evening surveys daily for 3 consecutive days. PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents (N=71; mean age=14...
August 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708425/reference-values-for-the-pediatric-quality-of-life-inventory-and-the-multidimensional-fatigue-scale-in-adolescent-athletes-by-sport-and-sex
#9
Alison R Snyder Valier, Cailee E Welch Bacon, R Curtis Bay, Eileen Molzen, Kenneth C Lam, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
BACKGROUND: Effective use of patient-rated outcome measures to facilitate optimal patient care requires an understanding of the reference values of these measures within the population of interest. Little is known about reference values for commonly used patient-rated outcome measures in adolescent athletes. PURPOSE: To determine reference values for the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) and the Multidimensional Fatigue Scale (MFS) in adolescent athletes by sport and sex...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690226/-prevalence-of-dyslipidemia-and-its-influential-factors-in-2-028-students-from-primary-and-middle-schools-in-changsha
#10
Yamei Li, Jiayou Luo, Jun Ma, Zhiyong Zou, Xiaoqun Liu, Huixia Li
To determine the prevalence of dyslipidemia in students from the primary and middle schools and the influential factors, and to provide evidence for the prevention and control of dyslipidemia and relevant chronic diseases in primary and middle schools. 
 Methods: A total of 2 028 students aged 7 to 17 from the primary and middle schools in Changsha were selected by stratified random cluster sampling. The contents of the study included questionnaire survey, physical measurement and blood tests for fasting blood triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels...
June 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690027/enterobius-vermicularis-infection-and-its-risk-factors-among-pre-school-children-in-taipei-taiwan
#11
Kuang-Yao Chen, Chuan-Min Yen, Kao-Pin Hwang, Lian-Chen Wang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pinworm infection is extremely low in Taipei, Taiwan. This population study was designed to determine the current status and the associated risk factors of this infection among pre-school children. METHODS: Perianal swab specimens were obtained from the parents or guardians using a two-consecutive-day adhesive cellophane perianal swab kit. Information of family background, personal hygiene, and household sanitary conditions were collected by asking the parents or guardians to complete a questionnaire...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686561/-the-concept-of-temperament-and-its-contribution-to-the-understanding-of-the-bipolar-spectrum
#12
I Koufaki, V Polizoidou, K N Fountoulakis
The present article attempts first to provide a historical overview of the concept of temperament,The present article attempts first to provide a historical overview of the concept of temperament,since its foundation by Polybos (4th century B.C.) and the school of Cos, its predominant role in theshaping of the anthropological and humanitarian sciences, until the modern theoretical formulations,such as those proposed by Robert Cloninger and Hagop Akiskal. Secondly, recent literature ispresented, which suggests a strong link of different temperament structures to mental health andpsychopathology...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679286/local-differences-in-computational-sleep-depth-parameters-in-healthy-school-aged-children
#13
Sari-Leena Himanen, Eero Huupponen, Marjukka Jussila, Anna-Maria Lapinlampi, Outi Saarenpää-Heikkilä
OBJECTIVE: Slow wave sleep in children reflects several processes, such as sleep pressure, synaptic density, and cortical maturation. Deep sleep in children is abundant and our aim was to discover whether examining electroencephalography (EEG) mean frequency would help separate these processes. METHODS: Sleep EEG of 28 generally healthy 7- to 11-year-old children (14 first graders, 14 third graders, 14 girls, 14 boys) was analyzed. Median non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep EEG frequency (median sleep depth, in Hz) and the amount of computational deep sleep using the thresholds of 2 Hz and 4 Hz (DS2% and DS4%, respectively) were calculated from the frontopolar, central, and occipital EEG derivations...
July 1, 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675095/development-and-pilot-testing-of-an-objective-structured-clinical-examination-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#14
Nasir I Bhatti, Muhammad Abbas Abid, C Matthew Stewart, Carol Fleishman, Niall Jefferson, Stacey L Ishman
Objective Our aim was (1) to develop an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and (2) to test the reliability and evaluate the feasibility of this OSCE while assessing residents' clinical skills in multiple core competencies via the standardized patient methodology. Study Design Development of assessment tool. Setting Johns Hopkins Medicine Simulation Center. Subjects and Methods Residents of the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery at The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine were invited to participate...
June 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674681/myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-diagnosis-and-management-in-young-people-a-primer
#15
REVIEW
Peter C Rowe, Rosemary A Underhill, Kenneth J Friedman, Alan Gurwitt, Marvin S Medow, Malcolm S Schwartz, Nigel Speight, Julian M Stewart, Rosamund Vallings, Katherine S Rowe
Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a complex disease that affects children and adolescents as well as adults. The etiology has not been established. While many pediatricians and other health-care providers are aware of ME/CFS, they often lack essential knowledge that is necessary for diagnosis and treatment. Many young patients experience symptoms for years before receiving a diagnosis. This primer, written by the International Writing Group for Pediatric ME/CFS, provides information necessary to understand, diagnose, and manage the symptoms of ME/CFS in children and adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670711/later-school-start-times-for-supporting-the-education-health-and-well-being-of-high-school-students
#16
REVIEW
Robert Marx, Emily E Tanner-Smith, Colleen M Davison, Lee-Anne Ufholz, John Freeman, Ravi Shankar, Lisa Newton, Robert S Brown, Alyssa S Parpia, Ioana Cozma, Shawn Hendrikx
BACKGROUND: A number of school systems worldwide have proposed and implemented later school start times as a means of avoiding the potentially negative impacts that early morning schedules can have on adolescent students. Even mild sleep deprivation has been associated with significant health and educational concerns: increased risk for accidents and injuries, impaired learning, aggression, memory loss, poor self-esteem, and changes in metabolism. Although researchers have begun to explore the effects of delayed school start time, no one has conducted a rigorous review of evidence to determine whether later school start times support adolescent health, education, and well-being...
July 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663569/lower-school-performance-in-late-chronotypes-underlying-factors-and-mechanisms
#17
Giulia Zerbini, Vincent van der Vinne, Lana K M Otto, Thomas Kantermann, Wim P Krijnen, Till Roenneberg, Martha Merrow
Success at school determines future career opportunities. We described a time-of-day specific disparity in school performance between early and late chronotypes. Several studies showed that students with a late chronotype and short sleep duration obtain lower grades, suggesting that early school starting times handicap their performance. How chronotype, sleep duration, and time of day impact school performance is not clear. At a Dutch high school, we collected 40,890 grades obtained in a variety of school subjects over an entire school year...
June 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661428/association-between-excessive-use-of-mobile-phone-and-insomnia-and-depression-among-japanese-adolescents
#18
Haruka Tamura, Tomoko Nishida, Akiyo Tsuji, Hisataka Sakakibara
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between mobile phone use and insomnia and depression in adolescents. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 295 high school students aged 15-19 in Japan. Insomnia and depression were assessed using Athene Insomnia Scales (AIS) and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), respectively. Mobile phones were owned by 98.6% of students; 58.6% used mobile phones for over 2 h per day and 10.5% used them for over 5 h per day. Overall mobile phone use of over 5 h per day was associated with shorter sleep duration and insomnia (OR: 3...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655704/the-living-the-example-social-media-substance-use-prevention-program-a-pilot-evaluation
#19
William Evans, Elizabeth Andrade, Sandra Goldmeer, Michelle Smith, Jeremy Snider, Gunilla Girardo
BACKGROUND: Adolescent substance use rates in rural areas of the United States, such as upstate New York, have risen substantially in recent years, calling for new intervention approaches in response to this trend. The Mentor Foundation USA conducts the Living the Example (LTE) campaign to engage youth in prevention using an experiential approach. As part of LTE, youth create their own prevention messages following a training curriculum in techniques for effective messaging and then share them via social media...
June 27, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655692/an-interquartile-relationship-between-polyherbal-extract-based-lozenges-linkus-a-phase-iv-comparative-randomised-control-trial
#20
Hina Rehman, Syed Adnan Ali, Safila Naveed, Khan Usmanghani
The aim of the study is to determine the efficacy of polyherbal linkus with the other pharmaceutical marketed syrup having Acefyllin Piperazine, Diphenhydramine group and Aminophylline Diphenhydramine group on the basis of interquartile ranges on children. It was open label multi centric randomize control trial. The study was conducted on different private schools of East and West Malir, Karachi Pakistan with the special approval from the school's honors .informed consent and assents were taking before the enrollment of the study subjects ...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
keyword
keyword
7599
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"