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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777990/delayed-school-start-time-is-associated-with-better-sleep-daytime-functioning-and-life-satisfaction-in-residential-high-school-students
#1
Christian S Chan, Cyanea Y S Poon, Jacklyn C Y Leung, Kristy N T Lau, Esther Y Y Lau
The effects of a delayed school start time by one hour were examined at a boarding school in Hong Kong. Two cohorts of high school students (N = 228; 61.8% female) were recruited respectively before and after a school start time changed from 7:30am to 8:30am. Both cross-cohort and within-cohort longitudinal comparisons yielded significant increase in total sleep time. Cross-cohort comparison yielded improvement in sleep quality, insomnia, life satisfaction, and psychological distress. Longitudinal data suggested that the longer the additional sleep time, the better was sleep quality, day-time functioning, and subjective wellbeing...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777969/multicontextual-correlates-of-adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake
#2
Allison W Watts, Jon Miller, Nicole I Larson, Marla E Eisenberg, Mary T Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
PURPOSE: To examine personal, home, peer, school, neighborhood, and media correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in a diverse sample of adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study (EAT 2010: Eating and Activity in Teens) of 2793 adolescents (54% female, mean age [SD] = 14.5 [2.0], 80% nonwhite) attending public secondary schools in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. Adolescents completed a food frequency questionnaire and answered survey questions about their diet/health perceptions and behaviors...
May 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774697/effect-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-attention-in-korean-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#3
Min Jae Kim, Sung Hee Bae, Sung Min Lee, Kang Hyun Lee, Dong-Kyu Kim
Objectives.: Pediatric sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a common debilitating disorder that can adversely affect the attention and academic performance of school-age children. Unfortunately, only a few studies have examined the effect of SDB treatment on attention in pediatric populations. Therefore, the aim of this study was to prospectively investigate the effect of SDB treatment on attention in children. Methods.: This study consecutively enrolled SDB children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy...
May 18, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773205/the-role-of-pre-sleep-cognitions-in-adolescent-sleep-onset-problems
#4
Melanie Heath, Anna Johnston, Hayley Dohnt, Michelle Short, Michael Gradisar
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between pre-sleep cognitions and sleep-onset difficulties in an adolescent sample. METHODS: Participants comprised 385 students (59% male) from grades 9 to 11, aged between 13 and 18 years (M = 15.6, SD = 1.0), from eight co-educational high schools of varied socio-economic status in metropolitan Adelaide, South Australia. The cross-sectional study used a questionnaire battery including the Sleep Anticipatory Anxiety Questionnaire -Adolescent Version (SAAQ-A), completed during school time, followed by eight days of sleep diary completion and wearing wrist actigraphy to obtain subjective and objective sleep onset latency (SOL)...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771368/restless-sleep-disorder-in-children-a-pilot-study-on-a-tentative-new-diagnostic-category
#5
Lourdes M DelRosso, Oliviero Bruni, Raffaele Ferri
Study Objectives: A group of children with "restless sleep" who do not fit the criteria for any other sleep disorder but with daytime impairment are studied to identify restless sleep disorder (RSD) clinically and polysomnographically and to differentiate it from other sleep disorders of childhood. Methods: A pilot study of 15 school aged children with restless sleep and 15 sex and age matched children with restless leg syndrome (RLS) and 37 normal controls were included...
May 16, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771333/multiple-comorbid-conditions-sleep-quality-and-duration-and-academic-performance-in-urban-children-with-asthma
#6
Katharine C Reynolds, Julie Boergers, Sheryl J Kopel, Daphne Koinis-Mitchell
Objective: Common comorbid medical conditions including allergic rhinitis (AR), obesity, and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) have been linked with asthma exacerbations; however, these conditions also impact sleep and academic functioning. The current study sought to examine unique and combined associations of these common comorbidities on sleep and academic performance among urban minority children with persistent asthma. We expected additional comorbid diagnoses would be associated with poorer sleep and academic functioning...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771141/headache-comorbidities-and-lifestyle-in-an-adolescent-population-the-teens-study
#7
Marta Torres-Ferrus, Carme Vila-Sala, Manuel Quintana, Sara Ajanovic, Victor José Gallardo, Juan Bernardo Gomez, José Alvarez-Sabin, Alfons Macaya, Patricia Pozo-Rosich
Objective To evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of headache and its relationship with comorbidities and lifestyle in a teenage population. Methods This is a cross-sectional study. Data was collected from students aged 12-18 years from six different schools in Catalonia, Spain. They completed an anonymous questionnaire with demographic, lifestyle, medical data, presence of recurrent headaches and its features, and completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. We defined probable migraine if headache presented ≥ 3 ICHD-3 beta criteria for migraine...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762538/insufficient-sleep-duration-and-overweight-obesity-among-adolescents-in-a-chinese-population
#8
Qing-Hai Gong, Si-Xuan Li, Hui Li, Jun Cui, Guo-Zhang Xu
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between sleep duration and overweight/obesity among Chinese adolescents. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted among Chinese adolescents in 2016. In total, 2795 school-aged Chinese children aged 12 to 13 years participated in this study. Participants were asked to complete self-administered surveys during a 45-min class period in their classroom. Details of the questionnaire about health-related behaviors included sleep habits, physical activity, screen time, cigarette use, and alcohol use...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761094/2017-dutch-report-card-results-from-the-first-physical-activity-report-card-plus-for-dutch-youth-with-a-chronic-disease-or-disability
#9
Marcella Burghard, Nynke B de Jong, Selina Vlieger, Tim Takken
Background: The Dutch Active Healthy Kids (AHK) Report Card+ (RC+ ) consolidates and translates research and assesses how the Netherlands is being responsible in providing physical activity (PA) opportunities for youth (< 18 years) with a chronic disease or disability. The aim of this article is to summarize the results of the Dutch RC+ . Methods: Nine indicators were graded using the AHK Global Alliance RC development process, which includes a synthesis of best available research, surveillance, policy and practice findings, and expert consensus...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758507/recovery-practices-in-division-1-collegiate-athletes-in-north-america
#10
Andrew Murray, Hugh Fullagar, Anthony P Turner, John Sproule
OBJECTIVES: Establish current practice and attitudes towards recovery in a group of Division-1 Collegiate athletes from North America. DESIGN: A 16-item questionnaire was administered via custom software in an electronic format. PARTICIPANTS: 152 student athletes from a Division-1 Collegiate school across 3 sports (Basketball, American Football, Soccer). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The approaches and attitudes to recovery in both training and competition...
May 8, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758395/self-reported-nocturnal-sleep-duration-and-glycosylated-hemoglobin-a-in-the-study-of-cardiovascular-risks-in-adolescents-erica
#11
Luciane Gaspar Guedes, Gabriela de Azevedo Abreu, Katia Vergetti Bloch
OBJECTIVE: At present, epidemiologic studies regarding the relationship between sleep duration and glucose metabolism in adolescents are scarce. The objective was to investigate the association between self-reported nocturnal sleep duration and glycosylated hemoglobin A in 12- to 17-year-old Brazilian adolescents. PATIENTS/METHODS: A school-based multicenter cross-sectional study was carried out in private and public schools from 273 municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants...
April 6, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757013/impact-of-a-behavioral-sleep-intervention-on-new-school-entrants-social-emotional-functioning-and-sleep-a-translational-randomized-trial
#12
Harriet Hiscock, Jon Quach, Kate Paton, Rebecca Peat, Lisa Gold, Sarah Arnup, Kah-Ling Sia, Elizabeth Nicolaou, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Determine the effects and costs of a brief behavioral sleep intervention, previously shown to improve child social-emotional functioning, sleep, and parent mental health, in a translational trial. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred thirty-four school entrant children from 47 primary schools in Melbourne, Australia, with parent-reported moderate to severe behavioral sleep problems. METHODS: intervention group received sleep hygiene practices and standardized behavioral strategies delivered by trained school nurses in 2013 and 2014...
May 14, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757000/adolescent-nocturnal-fears-a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-fear-of-sleep-inventory-fosi
#13
Tyish S Hall Brown, E'leyna Garcia, Ameenat Akeeb, Angelique C Lynch-Jiles, Davene White, Michal Young
OBJECTIVE: Nocturnal fears are associated with trauma-related sleep disturbance in adults, yet research is limited addressing this relationship in adolescents. This study evaluated the validity of the Fear of Sleep Inventory (FoSI) as a measure of nocturnal fears broadly and in relation to trauma exposure in adolescents. PARTICIPANTS: Students ages 14-18 from two urban school-based health centers were the participants. METHODS: De-identified clinical data were utilized from a mental health screening battery...
May 14, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748737/psychosocial-risks-for-constipation-and-soiling-in-primary-school-children
#14
Carol Joinson, Mariusz T Grzeda, Alexander von Gontard, Jon Heron
To examine prospective associations between psychosocial problems and childhood constipation and soiling. We used latent classes of constipation and soiling ('constipation alone', 'soiling alone', 'constipation with soiling') extracted from longitudinal maternally reported data on constipation (4-10 years) and soiling (4-9 years) from 8435 children (4353 males, 4082 females) from the ALSPAC cohort. We examined the association between maternally reported psychosocial problems at 2-3 years (difficult temperament, behaviour/emotional problems, temper tantrums, behavioural sleep problems and stressful events) and the latent classes using multinomial logistic regression adjusted for a range of confounders relating to the child and family (reference category = normative latent class with very low probability of constipation/soiling)...
May 10, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747605/gender-dependent-association-between-sleep-duration-and-overweight-incidence-in-chinese-school-children-a-national-follow-up-study
#15
Muqing Cao, Yanna Zhu, Xiuhong Li, Yajun Chen, Jun Ma, Jin Jing
BACKGROUND: The relationship between sleep duration and overweight risk remains unexplored among Chinese children. This study aims to evaluate this association in a national investigation with school-aged population. METHODS: There were 18,302 normal weight children in this Chinese national study which conducted during 2013-2014 included in the research. Anthropometric measurements were performed both at baseline and after 6-9 month. Sleep duration, physical activity, food intake and social economic information were collected by self-report questionnaire...
May 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734987/insomnia-and-nightmares-as-markers-of-risk-for-suicidal-ideation-in-young-people-investigating-the-role-of-defeat-and-entrapment
#16
Kirsten Russell, Susan Rasmussen, Simon C Hunter
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Although converging evidence has identified sleep problems as robust predictors of suicidal ideation in young people, the psychological processes driving these associations are not yet known. The current study aimed to test predictions, informed by the Integrated Motivational-Volitional (IMV) Model of Suicidal Behavior, concerning the role of feelings of defeat and entrapment within the sleep-suicide relationship. METHODS: Volunteers aged 15 to 17 years (n = 1,045) from Scottish secondary schools completed an anonymous self-report survey assessing insomnia symptoms, nightmares, suicidal ideation, depressive symptomology, and feelings of defeat and entrapment...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722952/a-nursing-student-s-reflective-account-of-decision-making-in-a-school-nursing-setting
#17
Bethaney Squirrell, Jane Hunt
Reflection is integral to professional revalidation and enhancing nursing practice; it is an art and a science to be learned. Learning the art of reflection begins as a student in clinical placement settings. Drawing on a reflective model, this article presents an account of one second-year children's nursing student's experiences in a community-based placement with a school nursing team. A school nurse appointment was reflected on where advice was offered to a 13-year-old student with sleep difficulties, low affect and lethargy, which included avoiding caffeinated drinks, reducing use of a laptop and mobile phone before going to sleep, and establishing a regular bedtime routine...
May 3, 2018: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721652/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-school-based-media-education-and-reduction-intervention
#18
David S Bickham, Yulin Hswen, Ronald G Slaby, Michael Rich
While media education and reduction programs have been proposed to prevent adverse health and academic outcomes related to heavy electronic media use among school-aged children, few have been formally piloted and evaluated. We used a quasi-experimental design to evaluate the effectiveness of Take the Challenge (TtC), a school-based media education/reduction program for the primary prevention of sleep deprivation, dysfunctional social-emotional behaviors, and poor academic performance. Sixth- to eighth-grade students at a rural Midwestern U...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713610/the-analysis-of-factors-causing-the-high-prevalence-of-child-obesity-in-jeju-island
#19
Eun Hye Park, Min-Su Oh, Sorina Kim, Juyeon Lee, Ki Soo Kang
Purpose: For 3 consecutive years from 2012-2014, we analyzed the causative factors for why the Jeju Island had the highest obesity prevalences of school children among the 15 provinces in Korea. Methods: From our analysis of 28,026 elementary school children with obesity or normal weight in the 15 provinces, we analyzed 12 factors related to eating habits, exercise habits, lifestyle, and mental health. The differences between the obese and normal weight children were researched...
April 2018: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708297/sleep-habits-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-variability-in-sleep-duration-linked-with-glycemic-control
#20
Niral J Patel, Kimberly L Savin, Sachini N Kahanda, Beth A Malow, Lauren A Williams, Gray Lochbihler, Sarah S Jaser
OBJECTIVE: To describe adolescents' sleep on school and weekend nights using multiple methods, and to examine the links between sleep variability, quality and duration with diabetes indicators. METHODS: Adolescents with type 1 diabetes (N=65, mean age=15.0, 52.3% female, mean HbA1c=8.9% or 74 mmol/mol) wore an actigraph and kept daily diaries recording sleep, activities, and blood glucose monitoring (BGM) habits for at least 7 days. Average daily BGM and blood glucose levels (BG) were obtained through glucometer downloads...
April 30, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
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