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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076597/oral-health-evaluation-in-special-needs-individuals
#1
Danielle de Moraes Pini, Paula Cristina Gil Ritter Fröhlich, Lilian Rigo
Objective: To identify the prevalence of the main oral problems present in special needs children and to relate the underlying conditions with the clinical and demographic variables. Methods: The study was based on the physical examination of 47 students from the Associação de Pais e Amigos dos Excepcionais diagnosed as Down syndrome, cerebral palsy and intellectual deficit. For data collection, we used a self-administered questionnaire that included indices of dental caries and oral hygiene, Angle classification, malposition of dental groups and oral hygiene habits...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076482/correlation-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-features-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-morbidly-obese-patients-in-the-preoperative-assessment-for-bariatric-surgery
#2
Fernando de Barros, Sergio Setúbal, José Manoel Martinho, Loraine Ferraz, Andressa Gaudêncio
Background: Obesity is an epidemic and chronic disease that can bring other comorbidities to the patient. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is present in up to 90% of these patients and can progress to hepatitis and hepatocarcinoma. The relationship of this liver disease and obesity is already well known; however, it is possible that some parameters of the comorbidities are more related than others in the pathophysiology of the disease. Aim: Was analyzed the relationship between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and the comorbidities of metabolic syndrome in morbidly obese patients...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076480/preliminary-analysis-of-interleukin-6-changes-in-pre-and-postoperative-in-diabetic-patients-with-bmi-35-submitted-to-partial-duodenal-switch
#3
Luciano Dias de Oliveira Reis, Paulo Afonso Nunes Nassif, Fernando Issamu Tabushi, Fábio Quirillo Milléo, Giovani Marino Favero, Bruno Luiz Ariede, Cassiana Franco Dias Dos Reis, Bruno Franco Dalabona
Background: Studies related to obesity have shown association with metabolic syndrome. Data showing that obesity is capable to cause low grade chronic inflammation, without its classic signs and symptoms, call attention to researches to study different cells types and the mechanism of the inflammatory process. Aim: To evaluate the variation of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL6) in diabetic patients with BMI <35 kg/m2 in the pre and postoperative of partial duodenal switch...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032878/manejo-endosc%C3%A3-pico-de-una-paciente-de-edad-avanzada-con-s%C3%A3-ndrome-de-bouveret
#4
M Povar Echeverria, J M Boudet Barraca, P E Auquilla Clavijo
 Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 94 años con síndrome de Bouveret, cuyo manejo diagnóstico y terapéutico fue a través de abordaje endoscópico. El síndrome de Bouveret es la imposibilidad de vaciamiento gástrico como consecuencia de la impactación de un cálculo biliar a nivel duodenal, siendo la forma de presentación menos frecuente del íleo biliar. El íleo biliar es una complicación de la colelitiasis, que presenta elevada morbimortalidad por lo que precisa de diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento urgente, que habitualmente es quirúrgico...
December 30, 2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982328/kidney-ischemia-and-reperfunsion-syndrome-effect-of-lidocaine-and-local-postconditioning
#5
Igor Nagai Yamaki, Ruy Victor Simões Pontes, Felipe Lobato DA Silva Costa, Vitor Nagai Yamaki, Renan Kleber Costa Teixeira, Edson Yuzur Yasojima, Marcus Vinicius Henriques Brito
Objective: to evaluate the effects of blocking the regulation of vascular tone on the ischemia and reperfusion syndrome in rats through the use of lidocaine in the postconditioning technique. Methods: we randomized 35 rats into seven groups of five animals: Group 1- Control; Group 2- Ischemia and Reperfusion; Group 3- Ischemia, Reperfusion and Saline; Group 4- Ischemic Postconditioning; Group 5- Ischemic Postconditioning and Saline; Group 6- Lidocaine; Group 7- Ischemic Postconditioning and Lidocaine...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982323/burnout-syndrome-prevalence-of-on-call-surgeons-in-a-trauma-reference-hospital-and-its-correlation-with-weekly-workload-cross-sectional-study
#6
Rodrigo Nobre DE Novais, Louise Matos Rocha, Raissa Jardelino Eloi, Luciano Menezes Dos Santos, Marina Viegas Moura Rezende Ribeiro, Fernando Wagner DA Silva Ramos, Fernando José Camello DE Lima, Célio Fernando DE Sousa-Rodrigues, Fabiano Timbó Barbosa
Objective: to determine the prevalence of Burnout Syndrome (BS) for surgeons working in referral hospital for trauma in Maceio and to evaluate the possible correlation between BS and weekly workload. Methods: cross-sectional study with 43 on-call surgeons at Professor Osvaldo Brandão Vilela General State Hospital, Maceió, between July and December, 2015. A self-administered form was used to evaluate BS through the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and socio-demographic characteristics among participants...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982160/lifestyle-intervention-on-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-impact-on-quality-of-life-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Patrícia Pozas Saboya, Luiz Carlos Bodanese, Paulo Roberto Zimmermann, Andreia da Silva Gustavo, Fabricio Edler Macagnan, Ana Pandolfo Feoli, Margareth da Silva Oliveira
Background: Lifestyle intervention programs can reduce the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and, therefore, reduce the risk for cardiac disease, one of the main public health problems nowadays. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of three types of approach for lifestyle change programs in the reduction of metabolic parameters, and to identify its impact on the quality of life (QOL) of individuals with MetS. Methods: A randomized controlled trial included 72 individuals with MetS aged 30-59 years...
December 8, 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901223/metabolic-syndrome-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#8
Patrícia Pozas Saboya, Luiz Carlos Bodanese, Paulo Roberto Zimmermann, Andréia da Silva Gustavo, Caroline Melo Assumpção, Fernanda Londero
Objectives: to present currently available evidence to verify the association between metabolic syndrome and quality of life. Method: Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Medline and LILACS databases were studied for all studies investigating the association with metabolic syndrome and quality of life. Two blinded reviewers extracted data and one more was chosen in case of doubt. Results: a total of 30 studies were included, considering inclusion and exclusion criteria, which involved 62...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869905/-l-ortoressia-nervosa-in-un-campione-di-popolazione-universitaria-italiana
#9
Liliana Dell'Osso, Marianna Abelli, Barbara Carpita, Gabriele Massimetti, Stefano Pini, Luigi Rivetti, Federica Gorrasi, Rosalba Tognetti, Valdo Ricca, Claudia Carmassi
RIASSUNTO. Scopo. Valutare la frequenza e le caratteristiche dei comportamenti ortoressici in una vasta popolazione universitaria. Metodi. Un totale di 2826 individui hanno volontariamente completato in forma anonima l'ORTO-15 presente online, questionario autosomministrabile disegnato e validato con lo scopo di valutare la sintomatologia ortoressica. Come già fatto in studi precedenti, un punteggio totale all'ORTO-15 inferiore a 35 è stato utilizzato come soglia ottimale per evidenziare una tendenza per l'ortoressia nervosa...
September 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859581/the-risk-of-eating-disorders-comorbid-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Bruno Palazzo Nazar, Camila Bernardes, Gemma Peachey, Joseph Sergeant, Paulo Mattos, Janet Treasure
OBJECTIVE: There has been interest in whether people with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are at higher risk of developing an Eating Disorder (ED). The aim of this study was estimate the size of this association with a meta-analysis of studies. METHODS: We retrieved studies following PRISMA guidelines from a broad range of databases. RESULTS: Twelve studies fitted our primary aim in investigating ED in ADHD populations (ADHD = 4,013/Controls = 29,404), and five exploring ADHD in ED populations (ED = 1,044/Controls = 11,292)...
December 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783749/primary-graft-dysfunction-of-the-liver-definitions-diagnostic-criteria-and-risk-factors
#11
Douglas Bastos Neves, Marcela Balbo Rusi, Luiz Gustavo Guedes Diaz, Paolo Salvalaggio
Primary graft dysfunction is a multifactorial syndrome with great impact on liver transplantation outcomes. This review article was based on studies published between January 1980 and June 2015 and retrieved from PubMed database using the following search terms: "primary graft dysfunction", "early allograft dysfunction", "primary non-function" and "liver transplantation". Graft dysfunction describes different grades of graft ischemia-reperfusion injury and can manifest as early allograft dysfunction or primary graft non-function, its most severe form...
2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737398/rare-case-of-nephrotic-syndrome-schimke-syndrome
#12
Anna Kelly Krislane de Vasconcelos Pedrosa, Luiz Fernando Oliveira Torres, Ana Corina Brainer Amorim da Silva, Adrianna Barros Leal Dantas, Káthia Liliane da Cunha Ribeiro Zuntini, Lia Cordeiro Bastos Aguiar
Schimke syndrome corresponds to dysplasia of bone and immunity, associated with progressive renal disease secondary to nephrotic syndrome cortico-resistant, with possible other abnormalities such as hypothyroidism and blond marrow aplasia. It is a rare genetic disorder, with few reports in the literature. The most frequent renal involvement is nephrotic syndrome with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and progressive renal failure. The objective of this study was to report a case of Schimke syndrome, diagnostic investigation and management of the case...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737397/hypertriglyceridemia-is-there-a-role-for-prophylactic-apheresis-a-case-report
#13
Ana Rita Francisco, Inês Gonçalves, Fátima Veiga, Mónica Mendes Pedro, Fausto J Pinto, Dulce Brito
Severe hypertriglyceridemia has been consistently associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and other complications, namely acute pancreatitis. We report a case of a 64 year-old woman with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and metabolic syndrome with triglyceride level of 3260 mg/dL. Plasma exchange was performed with simultaneous medical treatment to achieve a rapid and effective lowering of triglycerides in order to prevent clinical complications. After three plasmapheresis sessions a marked reduction in triglyceride and total cholesterol levels was observed...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737396/transient-hyperphosphatemia-a-benign-laboratory-disorder-in-a-boy-with-gitelman-syndrome
#14
Sylva Skalova, Stepan Kutilek
Transient hyperphosphatasemia of infancy and early childhood (THI) is characterized by transiently increased activity of serum alkaline phosphatase (S-ALP), predominantly its bone or liver isoform, in children under five years of age. There are no signs of metabolic bone disease or hepatopathy corresponding with the increased S-ALP. THI is benign disorder, rather laboratory than clinical disorder, which is usually accidentally detected in both healthy and sick children. When encountered in a child with either chronic bone, liver or kidney disease, it might concern the physician...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727262/-somministrazione-mensile-di-aripirazolo-long-acting-come-trattamento-dei-sintomi-psicotici-nella-sindrome-di-turner-revisione-della-letteratura-e-caso-clinico
#15
Cristiano Carlone, Enrico Pompili, Cristiana Silvestrini, Giuseppe Nicolò
RIASSUNTO. La sindrome di Turner (ST) è una malattia neurogenetica caratterizzata da parziale o completa monosomia-X, di solito risultante da una non disgiunzione cromosomica sporadica. Si tratta di una delle più comuni anomalie dei cromosomi sessuali, colpendo circa 1 su 2.000 femmine nate vive. Nessuna condizione psichiatrica è stata tradizionalmente legata alla ST, ed essa non è menzionata nel DSM-IV. Nel mondo, tuttavia, sono riportati casi di ST concomitanti con patologia schizofrenica e/o con sintomatologia psicotica...
July 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683794/from-complex-evolving-to-simple-current-revisional-and-endoscopic-procedures-following-bariatric-surgery
#16
Ricardo Zorron, Manoel Passos Galvão-Neto, Josemberg Campos, Alcides José Branco, José Sampaio, Tido Junghans, Claudia Bothe, Christian Benzing, Felix Krenzien
Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is a standard therapy in bariatric surgery. Sleeve gastrectomy and gastric banding, although with good results in the literature, are showing higher rates of treatment failure to reduce obesity-associated morbidity and body weight. Other problems after bariatric may occur, as band erosion, gastroesophageal reflux disease and might be refractory to medication. Therefore, a laparoscopic conversion to a RYGB can be an effective alternative, as long as specific indications for revision are fulfilled...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683791/pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatmentof-dumping-syndrome-and-its-relation-to-bariatric-surgery
#17
Yasmin da Silva Chaves, Afrânio Côgo Destefani
Introduction: The dumping syndrome is frequent in bariatric surgery. It is probably the most common syndrome following partial or complete gastrectomy. Its prevalence in partial gastrectomy can reach up to 50%, thus it can be a significant complication arising from some types of bariatric surgeries. Objective: Critical analysis on dumping syndrome, its pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment. Methods: A literature review was performed using the key words: 'dumping syndrome', 'bariatric surgery' and 'rapid dumping syndrome'...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683789/tendinopathy-and-obesity
#18
Adham do Amaral E Castro, Thelma Larocca Skare, Paulo Afonso Nunes Nassif, Alexandre Kaue Sakuma, Wagner Haese Barros
Introduction: Tendinopathies and tendon tears account for over 30% of all musculoskeletal consultations. Obesity, which is becoming one of the world´s most prevalent public health issues, may be associated with this condition. Objective: To review the literature about tendinopathies and obesity association. Methods: This is a descriptive exploratory study using the portal Medline. Literature in English language from 2006 to 2014 were reviewed...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683777/masticatory-function-of-obese-candidates-to-bariatric-surgery-from-distinct-socioeconomic-classes
#19
Celso Roberto Passeri, Jacira Alves Caracik de Camargo Andrade, Karla Thaíza Tomal, Eduardo Marcucci Pracucho, Livia Paschoalino de Campos, Silvia Helena de Carvalho Sales-Peres
Background: Obesity and metabolic syndrome can be labeled as worldwide outbreak; thus, both have led to serious public health problem. Oral health can be worsened by both, obesity and metabolic syndrome. Tooth loss harms masticatory function, essential status to whom will be submitted to bariatric surgery. Aim: Assess masticatory function of obese candidates to bariatric surgery, who belong to distinct socioeconomic class range, in order to recognize hazard factors and the bias of socioeconomic factor in this context...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683768/effect-of-size-of-intestinal-diversions-in-obese-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-submitted-to-gastric-bypass
#20
Rafael Jacques Ramos, Cláudio Corá Mottin, Letícia Biscaino Alves, Daniela Benzano, Alexandre Vontobel Padoin
Background: There is no consensus on the ideal size of intestinal loops in gastric bypass of bariatric surgeries. Aim: To evaluate the metabolic outcome of patients submitted to gastric bypass with alimentary and biliopancreatic loops of different sizes. Methods: Was conducted a retrospective cohort study in diabetic obese patients (BMI≥35 kg/m2) with metabolic syndrome submitted to gastric bypass. The patients were divided into three groups according to the size of the intestinal loop: group 1, biliopancreatic limb 50 cm length and alimentary limb 100 cm length; group 2 , biliopancreatic limb 50 cm length and alimentary limb 150 cm length; and group 3, biliopancreatic limb 100 cm length and alimentary limb 150 cm length...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
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