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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902230/chronic-kidney-disease-and-metabolic-syndrome-as-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-a-primary-care-program
#1
Suzana Greffin, Mauro Barros André, Jorge Paulo Strogoff de Matos, Hye Chung Kang, Antonio José Lagoeiro Jorge, Maria Luiza Garcia Rosa, Jocemir Ronaldo Lugon
Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is especially prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Objective: To evaluate the role of CKD and metabolic syndrome (MS), which is a cluster of risk factors for CVD, as predictors of CVD. Methods: Observational, cross-sectional study with a random sample aged 45 or more years extracted from the population assisted by the primary care program in Niterói city in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
August 28, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832746/evaluation-of-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-and-without-heart-failure-in-primary-care
#2
Antonio José Lagoeiro Jorge, Maria Luiza Garcia Rosa, Dayse Mary da Silva Correia, Wolney de Andrade Martins, Diana Maria Martinez Ceron, Leonardo Chaves Ferreira Coelho, William Shinji Nobre Soussume, Hye Chung Kang, Samuel Datum Moscavitch, Evandro Tinoco Mesquita
Background: Heart failure (HF) is a major public health issue with implications on health-related quality of life (HRQL). Objective: To compare HRQL, estimated by the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), in patients with and without HF in the community. Methods: Cross-sectional study including 633 consecutive individuals aged 45 years or older, registered in primary care. The subjects were selected from a random sample representative of the population studied...
August 17, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767918/economic-analysis-of-costs-with-enteral-and-parenteral-nutritional-therapy-according-to-disease-and-outcome
#3
Adriano Hyeda, Élide Sbardellotto Mariano da Costa
Objective: To conduct an economic analysis of enteral and parenteral diet costs according to the type of disease and outcome (survivors versus deaths). Methods: It is a cross-sectional, observational, retrospective study with a qualitative and quantitative design, based on analysis of hospital accounts from a healthcare insurance provider in the Southern region of Brazil. Results: We analyzed 301 hospital accounts of individuals who used enteral and parenteral diets...
April 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767909/association-of-subclinical-inflammation-glycated-hemoglobin-and-risk-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#4
Carolina Vicaria Rodrigues D'Aurea, Bruno Gion de Andrade Cerazi, Antonio Gabriele Laurinavicius, Carolina Castro Porto Silva Janovsky, Raquel Dilguerian de Oliveira Conceição, Raul D Santos, Márcio Sommer Bittencourt
Objective: To investigate the inter-relation between high sensitivity C-reactive protein and glycated hemoglobin in prediction of risk of obstructive sleep apnea. Methods: We included all individuals participating in a check-up program at the Preventive Medicine Center of Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein in 2014. The Berlin questionnaire for risk of obstructive sleep apnea was used, and the high sensitivity C-reactive protein and glycated hemoglobin levels were evaluated...
April 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746593/ferritin-light-chain-gene-mutations-in-two-brazilian-families-with-hereditary-hyperferritinemia-cataract-syndrome
#5
Roberta Cardoso Petroni, Susana Elaine Alves da Rosa, Flavia Pereira de Carvalho, Rúbia Anita Ferraz Santana, Joyce Esteves Hyppolito, Claudia Mac Donald Bley Nascimento, Nelson Hamerschlak, Paulo Vidal Campregher
Hereditary hyperferritinemia-cataract syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder associated with mutations in the 5'UTR region of the ferritin light chain gene. These mutations cause the ferritin levels to increase even in the absence of iron overload. Patients also develop bilateral cataract early due to accumulation of ferritin in the lens, and many are misdiagnosed as having hemochromatosis and thus not properly treated. The first cases were described in 1995 and several mutations have already been identified...
July 24, 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746557/occupational-burnout-syndrome-in-the-nursing-context-an-integrative-literature-review
#6
Mateus Estevam Medeiros-Costa, Regina Heloísa Maciel, Denise Pereira do Rêgo, Lucimar Lucas de Lima, Maria Eliziane Pinto da Silva, Julyana Gomes Freitas
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the scientific production on Burnout Syndrome in the Nursingcontext, systematizing the location where the studies were carried out, the related constructs, the employed methods and their main results. METHOD: An integrative review of the literature with a bibliometric approach of articles published in Portuguese, Spanish and English between 2005 and 2016. RESULTS: 106 articles wereincluded. Mostinvolvedprevalence, and were descriptive, quantitative studies performed in hospitals...
July 20, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699998/culture-bound-syndromes-in-migratory-contexts-the-case-of-bolivian-immigrants
#7
María Teresa Roldán-Chicano, José Fernández-Rufete, César Hueso-Montoro, María Del Mar García-López, Javier Rodríguez-Tello, María Dolores Flores-Bienert
Objective: to describe the culture-bound syndromes maintained by Bolivian immigrants in the new migratory context and analyze the care processes of these health problems. Method: qualitative research with an ethnographic methodological approach. Sample: 27 Bolivian immigrants. In-depth interviews and participatory observation were the strategies used for data collection. Data were classified and categorized into logical schemes manually and using the ATLAS-ti program v...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682038/-hepato-renal-syndrome
#8
Luca Di Lullo, Claudio Ronco, Vincenzo Barbera, Francesca Santoboni, Antonio Bellasi
Hepatic and kidney failure are often closely linked (Hepato-Renal Sindrome - HRS). Acute kidney injury (AKI) represents a well-known complication of liver or biliary tract disease. Pathophysiology of HRS is still not completely clear. At this stage we know the biological pathways of several kidney abnormalities in end stage liver disease patients. At the same time patient's prognosis is poor with bad outcomes despite the reversible nature of the kidneys' involvement. Liver transplantation represents the ultimate treatment for HRS patients...
March 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678924/persistent-depressive-symptoms-are-independent-predictors-of-low-grade-inflammation-onset-among-healthy-individuals
#9
Fábio Gazelato de Mello Franco, Antonio Gabriele Laurinavicius, Paulo A Lotufo, Raquel D Conceição, Fernando Morita, Marcelo Katz, Maurício Wajngarten, José Antonio Maluf Carvalho, Hayden B Bosworth, Raul Dias Santos
Background: Depressive symptoms are independently associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among individuals with non-diagnosed CVD. The mechanisms underlying this association, however, remain unclear. Inflammation has been indicated as a possible mechanistic link between depression and CVD. Objectives: This study evaluated the association between persistent depressive symptoms and the onset of low-grade inflammation. Methods: From a database of 1,508 young (mean age: 41 years) individuals with no CVD diagnosis who underwent at least two routine health evaluations, 134 had persistent depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory - BDI ≥ 10, BDI+) and 1,374 had negative symptoms at both time points (BDI-)...
June 29, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658336/analysis-of-obese-patients-medical-conditions-in-the-pre-and-postoperative-periods-of-bariatric-surgery
#10
Anderson DA Silva Rêgo, Aline Zulin, Sandro Scolari, Sônia Silva Marcon, Cremilde Aparecida Trindade Radovanovic
Objective: to compare the clinical conditions of obese patients in the pre and postoperative period of bariatric surgery. Methods: we carried out a descriptive, retrospective, quantitative study by consulting the charts of 134 patients who underwent bariatric surgery in the period from 2009 to 2014. We collected the data between September and November 2015. We performed a descriptive statistical analysis and comparative analysis of anthropometric, metabolic, biochemical and clinical variables, considering six months before and after surgery...
March 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627194/s%C3%A3-ndrome-metab%C3%A3-lico-y-riesgo-cardiovascular-en-la-poblaci%C3%A3-n-diab%C3%A3-tica-de-el-hierro-islas-canarias
#11
M Candelaria Martín-González, Ana María Torres-Vega, Emilio González-Reimers, Geraldine Quintero-Platt, Camino Fernández-Rodríguez, Julio Alvisa-Negrín, Adnan Hawari-Meilud, Francisco Santolaria-Fernández
Introducción: en Canarias existe una elevada prevalencia de factores de riesgo vascular, superior a la del resto de España.Objetivo: analizar las características clínicas de 300 adultos diabéticos tipo II de El Hierro, en el Archipiélago Canario.Métodos: los pacientes fueron valorados en la Unidad de Medicina Interna del hospital entre 1982 a 2010, y seguidos hasta diciembre de 2014 o hasta su fallecimiento. La muestra se compone de 154 mujeres y 156 hombres (52%).Resultados: la edad media fue de 66...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627181/running-por-tu-esperma-beneficios-del-ejercicio-f%C3%A3-sico-en-la-calidad-semina
#12
José Carlos Fernández-García
La inactividad física y el aporte calórico excesivo son los determinantes principales de la obesidad, el problema de salud pública más importante en los países desarrollados y en vías de desarrollo, afectando a prácticamente todas las edades y grupos socioeconómicos y acarreando graves consecuencias sanitarias, sociales y económicas. En el varón, una de las comorbilidades más frecuentemente asociadas a la obesidad es el hipogonadismo, síndrome clínico que resulta de la incapacidad para producir concentraciones fisiológicas de testosterona, cantidades normales de esperma, o ambos...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611257/isolated-intrapulmonary-vascular-dilatations-and-the-risk-of-developing-hepatopulmonary-syndrome-in-liver-transplant-candidates
#13
Manuel Mendizabal, David Goldberg, Federico Piñero, Diego Arufe, María José de la Fuente, Pablo Testa, Matías Coronel, Sergio Baratta, Luis Podestá, Michael Fallon, Marcelo Silva
BACKGROUND: The natural history of intrapulmonary vascular dilations (IPVD) and their impact on patient outcomes in the setting of portal hypertension has only been described in small series. AIMS: To assess the development of hepatopulmonary síndrome (HPS) in patients with isolated IPVD and to evaluate outcomes of IPVD and HPS among patients evaluated for liver transplantation (LT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from a prospective cohort of patients evaluated for LT with standardized screening for HPS were analyzed...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591295/associations-between-frailty-syndrome-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-in-long-lived-individuals-of-a-community
#14
Clóris Regina Blanski Grden, Maria Helena Lenardt, Jacy Aurelia Vieira de Sousa, Luciana Kusomota, Mara Solange Gomes Dellaroza, Susanne Elero Betiolli
Objective: investigating the association between frailty syndrome and sociodemographic characteristics in long-lived individuals of a community. Method: a cross-sectional study with a proportional stratified sample consisting of 243 long-lived individuals. A structured instrument, scales and tests that comprise evaluating frailty were applied for data collection. Univariate and multivariate analyzes were performed by logistic regression (p<0.05) by Statistica 10(r) software and Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval) were calculated for the predictive models...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585855/our-great-forgotten-chronic-respiratory-sufferers
#15
María Luisa Bordejé Laguna
Lung’s own properties make that nutritional support, besides covering the requirements can modulate its infl ammatory response. Lung tissue has a low glucose stock. Fatty acids are the main energy producer of type II pneumocytes, which use them in order to form phospholipids, essential for surfactant whose creation and release decrease in acute lung injury (ALI). Glutamine is a good substratum for endocrine cells and type II pneumocytes. Due to high nutritional risk, it is important its assessments in disorders as COPD and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ADRS)...
May 8, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562743/reproductive-aspects-and-knowledge-of-family-planning-among-women-with-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome
#16
Ivana Cristina Vieira de Lima, Maria da Conceição Dos Santos Oliveira Cunha, Gilmara Holanda da Cunha, Marli Teresinha Gimeniz Galvão
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the reproductive aspects and knowledge of family planning among women with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). METHOD: Cross-sectional and descriptive study carried out from January to December, 2015, in the outpatient care of infectious disease unit in a hospital located in Fortaleza, Ceará. Data were collected through a form applied by interview in a private setting. RESULTS: 102 women participated in the study...
May 25, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527274/caracter%C3%A3-sticas-de-la-estructura-molecular-de-las-prote%C3%A3-nas-e-del-virus-del-zika-y-e1-del-virus-de-la-rub%C3%A3-ola-y-posibles-implicaciones-en-el-neurotropismo-y-en-las-alteraciones-del-sistema-nervioso
#17
Luis Alberto Gómez, Gladis Montoya, Hernán Mauricio Rivera, Juan Carlos Hernández
Introducción. El virus del Zika (ZIKV) es un flavivirus con envoltura, transmitido a los seres humanos principalmente por el vector Aedes aegypti. La infección por ZIKV se ha asociado con un gran neurotropismo y con efectos neuropáticos, como el síndrome de Guillain-Barré en el adulto y la microcefalia fetal y posnatal, así como con un síndrome de infección congénita similar al producido por el virus de la rubéola (RV).Objetivo. Comparar las estructuras moleculares de la proteína de envoltura E del virus del Zika (E-ZIKV) y de la E1 del virus de la rubéola (E1-RV), y plantear posibles implicaciones en el neurotropismo y en las alteraciones del sistema nervioso asociadas con el ZIKV...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489160/nutritional-aspects-and-the-use-of-nutritional-supplements-by-women-who-underwent-gastric-bypass
#18
Elisangela Mara Trindade, Telma Souza E Silva Gebara, Maria Paula Carlini Cambi, Giorgio Alfredo Pedroso Baretta
Background: Bariatric surgery is deemed one of the most effective procedures for the treatment of obesity and it aims at the reduction and maintenance of weight loss in long term, as the control of the related comorbidities. Aim: Quantify the occurrence of alterations of the gastrointestinal tract, suggestive signs of nutritional deficiencies and the use of supplements in a group of women undergoing bariatric surgery. Methods: The sample consisted of women aged 20-65 years submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with monitoring equal to or higher than 24 months...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444681/-wolf-hirschhorn-syndrome-description-of-a-spanish-cohort-of-51-cases-and-a-literature-review
#19
R Blanco-Lago, I Malaga-Dieguez, J J Granizo-Martinez, L Carrera-Garcia, P Barruz-Galian, P Lapunzina, J Nevado-Blanco, En Representacion Del Grupo Colaborativo Para El Estudio Del Sindrome de Wolf-Hirschhorn En Representacion Del Grupo Colaborativo Para El Estudio Del Sindrome de Wolf-Hirschhorn
INTRODUCTION: Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a contiguous gene syndrome that gives rise to multiple congenital anomalies, caused by the loss of a distal portion of the short arm of chromosome 4 (4p16.3). It is characterised by its own peculiar facial phenotype, associated to growth problems, psychomotor retardation and epilepsy. AIMS: To establish a register of patients with WHS in Spain, describe their characteristics, determine the prevalence of epilepsy, estimate the degree of psychomotor retardation and perform a review of the literature in order to compare these data with those published to date...
May 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423140/arboviruses-emerging-in-brazil-challenges-for-clinic-and-implications-for-public-health
#20
Maria Rita Donalisio, André Ricardo Ribas Freitas, Andrea Paula Bruno Von Zuben
Arboviruses have been emerging in different parts of the world due to genetic changes in the virus, alteration of the host and vector population dynamics, or because of anthropogenic environmental factors. These viruses' capacity for adaptation is notable, as well as the likelihood of their emergence and establishment in new geographic areas. In Brazilian epidemiologic scenario, the most common arboviruses are DENV, CHIKV, and ZIKV, although others may spread in the country. Little is yet known of the impact of viral co-circulation, which would theoretically result in more intense viremia or other immunological alterations that could trigger autoimmune diseases, such as Guillain-Barré syndrome...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
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