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Native american indian health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198537/racial-discrimination-associated-with-higher-diastolic-blood-pressure-in-a-sample-of-american-indian-adults
#1
Zaneta M Thayer, Irene V Blair, Dedra S Buchwald, Spero M Manson
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension prevalence is high among American Indians (AIs). AIs experience a substantial burden of interpersonal racial discrimination, which in other populations has been associated with higher blood pressure. The purpose of this study is to understand whether racial discrimination experiences are associated with higher blood pressure in AIs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the Everyday Discrimination Scale to evaluate the relationship between discrimination and measured blood pressure among 77 AIs from two reservation communities in the Northern Plains...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190954/prevalence-of-pre-pregnancy-obesity-2011-2014
#2
Laura Gregor, Patrick L Remington, Sara Lindberg, Deborah Ehrenthal
IMPORTANCE: Obesity before and during pregnancy increases risk among mothers for poor health outcomes, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To describe trends in pre-pregnancy obesity rates among women in Wisconsin. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from Wisconsin birth certificates were analyzed. Prevalence of pre-pregnancy obesity (defined as body mass index = 30) among Wisconsin women who gave birth from 2011 through 2014 was compared across demographic and geographic dimensions...
November 2016: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178916/development-of-an-interdisciplinary-pre-matriculation-program-designed-to-promote-medical-students-self-efficacy
#3
Anna Wirta Kosobuski, Abigail Whitney, Andrew Skildum, Amy Prunuske
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A four-week interdisciplinary pre-matriculation program for Native American and rural medical students was created and its impact on students' transition to medical school was assessed. The program extends the goals of many pre-matriculation programs by aiming to increase not only students' understanding of basic science knowledge, but also to build student self-efficacy through practice with medical school curricular elements while developing their academic support networks...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174069/survival-after-dementia-diagnosis-in-five-racial-ethnic-groups
#4
Elizabeth R Mayeda, M Maria Glymour, Charles P Quesenberry, Julene K Johnson, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, Rachel A Whitmer
INTRODUCTION: Information on anticipated survival time after dementia diagnosis among racially/ethnically diverse patients is needed to plan for care and evaluate disparities. METHODS: Dementia-free health care members aged ≥64 years were followed (1/1/2000-12/31/2013) for dementia diagnosis and subsequent survival (n = 23,032 Asian American; n = 18,778 African American; n = 21,000 Latino; n = 4543 American Indian/Alaska Native; n = 206,490 white). Kaplan-Meier curves were estimated for survival after dementia diagnosis by race/ethnicity...
February 4, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144762/identifying-and-reducing-disparities-in-mental-health-outcomes-among-american-indians-and-alaskan-natives-using-public-health-mental-healthcare-and-legal-perspectives
#5
Hannah E Payne, Michalyn Steele, Jennie L Bingham, Chantel D Sloan
The purpose of this paper was to investigate disparities in mental healthcare delivery in American Indian/Alaska Native populations from three perspectives: public health, legal policy and mental healthcare and provide evidence-based recommendations toward reducing those disparities. Data on mental health funding to tribes were obtained from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. As a result of analysis of these data, vital statistics and current literature, we propose three recommendations to reduce mental health disparities...
January 31, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131493/trends-in-premature-mortality-in-the-usa-by-sex-race-and-ethnicity-from-1999-to-2014-an-analysis-of-death-certificate-data
#6
Meredith S Shiels, Pavel Chernyavskiy, William F Anderson, Ana F Best, Emily A Haozous, Patricia Hartge, Philip S Rosenberg, David Thomas, Neal D Freedman, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Reduction of premature mortality is a UN Sustainable Development Goal. Unlike other high-income countries, age-adjusted mortality in the USA plateaued in 2010 and increased slightly in 2015, possibly because of rising premature mortality. We aimed to analyse trends in mortality in the USA between 1999 and 2014 in people aged 25-64 years by age group, sex, and race and ethnicity, and to identify specific causes of death underlying the temporal trends. METHODS: For this analysis, we used cause-of-death and demographic data from death certificates from the US National Center for Health Statistics, and population estimates from the US Census Bureau...
January 25, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110985/a-profile-of-indian-health-service-emergency-departments
#7
Kenneth Bernard, Kohei Hasegawa, Ashley Sullivan, Carlos Camargo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The Indian Health Service provides health care to eligible American Indians and Alaskan Natives. No published data exist on emergency services offered by this unique health care system. We seek to determine the characteristics and capabilities of Indian Health Service emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: All Indian Health Service EDs were surveyed about demographics and operational characteristics for 2014 with the National Emergency Department Inventory survey (available at http://www...
January 19, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103184/using-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-s-stay-independent-checklist-to-engage-a-community-of-american-indians-and-raise-awareness-about-risk-of-falls-2016
#8
Janet Popp, Debra L Waters, Karen Leekity, Donica Ghahate, Jeanette Bobelu, Ross Tsikewa, Carla J Herman, Vallabh Shah
BACKGROUND: The unintentional death rate from falls is higher among American Indians from the US Southwest than from other regions in the country. The Zuni Pueblo is a geographically isolated, rural American Indian community located in western New Mexico. Education and screening for falls risk is lacking in this community and may be needed to reduce falls and falls-related illness and death. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: Building on a 17-year relationship with the Zuni Health Initiative, meetings were held with Zuni tribal leadership, staff from the Zuni Senior Center and Zuni Home Health Services, members of the Zuni Comprehensive Community Health Center, Indian Health Service, and Zuni community health representatives (CHRs) to discuss elder falls in the community...
January 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096744/measuring-the-health-literacy-of-the-upper-midwest
#9
Caitlin J Bakker, Jonathan B Koffel, Nicole R Theis-Mahon
OBJECTIVES: Health literacy-the ability to obtain, process, and understand basic health information-is a major determinant of an individual's overall health and health care utilization. In this project, the authors examined predictors of health literacy levels, including numeracy and graphic literacy, among an adult population in the Upper Midwest. METHODS: The research was conducted at the Minnesota State Fair. Three previously validated scales were used to assess health literacy: Newest Vital Sign, the General Health Numeracy Test, and questions from Galesic and Garcia-Retamero's Graph Literacy Scale...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095722/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-the-relationship-between-antenatal-stressful-life-events-and-postpartum-depression-among-women-in-the-united-states-does-provider-communication-on-perinatal-depression-minimize-the-risk
#10
Soumyadeep Mukherjee, Kristopher Fennie, Stefany Coxe, Purnima Madhivanan, Mary Jo Trepka
OBJECTIVE: Multi-state population-based studies exploring the racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence and correlates of postpartum depression (PPD), which affects 10-20% of women in the US, are rare. The aim of this study was to examine the racial/ethnic disparities in the relationship between antenatal stressful life events and PPD among US women and to explore whether antenatal health care provider communication on perinatal depression was associated with a lower risk. METHODS: Data from the 2009-2011 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) were used...
January 17, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081061/vital-signs-decrease-in-incidence-of-diabetes-related-end-stage-renal-disease-among-american-indians-alaska-natives-united-states-1996-2013
#11
Ann Bullock, Nilka Ríos Burrows, Andrew S Narva, Karen Sheff, Israel Hora, Akaki Lekiachvili, Hannah Cain, David Espey
BACKGROUND: American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) have the highest diabetes prevalence among any racial/ethnic group in the United States. Among AI/AN, diabetes accounts for 69% of new cases of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), defined as kidney failure treated with dialysis or transplantation. During 1982-1996, diabetes-related ESRD (ESRD-D) in AI/AN increased substantially and disproportionately compared with other racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: Data from the U...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032813/effects-of-the-circle-of-life-hiv-prevention-program-on-marijuana-use-among-american-indian-middle-school-youths-a-group-randomized-trial-in-a-northern-plains-tribe
#12
Nancy L Asdigian, Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell, Ellen M Keane, Alicia C Mousseau, Carol E Kaufman
BACKGROUND: Early substance use threatens many American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities, as it is a risk factor for maladaptive use and adverse health outcomes. Marijuana is among the first substances used by AI/AN youth, and its use becomes widespread during adolescence. Interventions that delay or reduce marijuana use hold the promise of curbing substance disorders and other health risk disparities in AI/AN populations. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effectiveness of the Circle of Life (COL) program in reducing marijuana use among young AI adolescents...
December 29, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005485/infectious-disease-hospitalizations-among-american-indian-alaska-native-and-non-american-indian-alaska-native-persons-in-alaska-2010-2011
#13
Prabhu P Gounder, Robert C Holman, Sara M Seeman, Alice J Rarig, Mary McEwen, Claudia A Steiner, Michael L Bartholomew, Thomas W Hennessy
OBJECTIVE: Reports about infectious disease (ID) hospitalization rates among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) persons have been constrained by data limited to the tribal health care system and by comparisons with the general US population. We used a merged state database to determine ID hospitalization rates in Alaska. METHODS: We combined 2010 and 2011 hospital discharge data from the Indian Health Service and the Alaska State Inpatient Database. We used the merged data set to calculate average annual age-adjusted and age-specific ID hospitalization rates for AI/AN and non-AI/AN persons in Alaska...
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001304/text-message-reminders-increased-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-a-randomized-trial-with-alaska-native-and-american-indian-people
#14
Clemma J Muller, Renee F Robinson, Julia J Smith, Meghan A Jernigan, Vanessa Hiratsuka, Denise A Dillard, Dedra Buchwald
BACKGROUND: Alaska Native and American Indian people (AN/AIs) have a high incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) and CRC-related mortality. Screening can prevent death from CRC, but screening rates are low in racially and ethnically diverse populations. The authors conducted a randomized controlled trial using text messaging to increase CRC screening among unscreened AN/AIs in a tribal health care system in Anchorage, Alaska. METHODS: The intervention entailed up to 3 text messages sent 1 month apart...
December 21, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966785/american-indian-and-alaska-native-boys-early-childhood-risk-and-resilience-amidst-context-and-culture
#15
Michelle Sarche, Greg Tafoya, Calvin D Croy, Kyle Hill
American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) adolescent and adult men experience a range of health disparities relative to their non-AIAN counterparts and AIAN women. Given the relatively limited literature on early development in tribal contexts, however, indicators of risk during early childhood specific to AIAN boys are not well-known. The current article reviews sources of strength and challenge within AIAN communities for AIAN children in general, including cultural beliefs and practices that support development, and contextual challenges related to socioeconomic and health disparities and historical trauma affecting the AIAN population as a whole...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965380/trends-in-weight-for-length-among-infants-in-wic-from-2000-to-2014
#16
David S Freedman, Andrea J Sharma, Heather C Hamner, Liping Pan, Anthony Panzera, Ray B Smith, Heidi M Blanck
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence and secular trends of high weight-for-length among infants (ages, 3-23 months) in the biennial US Department of Agriculture Women, Infants, and Children Program and Participants Characteristic (WIC-PC) Survey from 2000 through 2014 (n = 16 927 120). METHODS: Weight-for-length was considered to be "high" if it was ≥2 SDs above the sex- and age-specific median in the World Health Organization growth standards. Poisson regression was used to calculate adjusted prevalence ratios...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922723/the-american-indian-and-alaska-native-dentist-workforce-in-the-united-states
#17
Elizabeth Mertz, Cynthia Wides, Paul Gates
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to describe the American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) dentist workforce, the general practice patterns of these providers, and their contributions to oral health care for AI/AN and underserved patients. METHODS: A national sample survey of underrepresented minority dentists was conducted in 2012 and received a 34 percent response rate for self-reported AI/AN dentists. Data were weighted for selection and response bias to be nationally representative...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920306/underrepresented-minority-dentists-quantifying-their-numbers-and-characterizing-the-communities-they-serve
#18
Elizabeth A Mertz, Cynthia D Wides, Aubri M Kottek, Jean Marie Calvo, Paul E Gates
The underrepresentation of Blacks, Hispanics or Latinos, and American Indians or Alaska Natives among dentists raises concerns about the diversity of the dental workforce, disparities in access to dental care and in oral health status, and social justice. We quantified the shortage of underrepresented minority dentists and examined these dentists' practice patterns in relation to the characteristics of the communities they serve. The underrepresented minority dentist workforce is disproportionately smaller than, and unevenly distributed in relation to, minority populations in the United States...
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914688/systematic-review-of-rheumatic-disease-epidemiology-in-the-indigenous-populations-of-canada-the-united-states-australia-and-new-zealand
#19
REVIEW
Cairistin McDougall, Kelle Hurd, Cheryl Barnabe
OBJECTIVE: Past publications have highlighted an excess rheumatic disease incidence and prevalence in indigenous populations of Canada (First Nations, Inuit, and Métis), and the United States of America (Alaska Native and American Indian). We have updated these reviews and expanded the scope to include New Zealand (Maori) and Australia (Aborigine) indigenous populations. METHODS: We performed a broad search using medical literature databases, indigenous specific online indexes, and government websites to identify publications reporting the incidence and/or prevalence of arthritis conditions (rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathies, gout, osteoarthritis, systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis) in the indigenous populations of Canada, America, New Zealand, and Australia...
November 1, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888263/a-cbpr-approach-to-finding-community-strengths-and-challenges-to-prevent-youth-suicide-and-substance-abuse
#20
Carrie E Holliday, Melodi Wynne, Janet Katz, Chanel Ford, Celestina Barbosa-Leiker
PURPOSE: To improve health and reduce health disparities, research partnerships with American Indian and Alaska Native communities should build on existing traditions and strengths. The overall goal of this pilot project was to clarify the needs of tribal community members and determine strengths and resources available to the community. DESIGN: Community-based participatory research was the approach used to obtain community input. Data collection methods included, Photovoice (n = 16), digital storytelling (n = 4), and community capacity surveys (n = 128)...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
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