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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681247/food-choices-and-distress-in-reservation-based-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
Nicolette I Teufel-Shone, Luohua Jiang, Jennifer Rockell, Jennifer Chang, Janette Beals, Ann Bullock, Spero M Manson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between food choice and distress in a large national sample of American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN) with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Participants completed a sociodemographic survey, an FFQ and the Kessler-6 Distress Scale. Foods were identified as 'healthy' or 'unhealthy' using a classification grounded in the health education provided by the programme case managers; healthy and unhealthy food scores were calculated using reported intake frequencies...
April 23, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672243/sovereignty-and-social-justice-how-the-concepts-affect-federal-american-indian-policy-and-american-indian-health
#2
Donalee Unal
The health disparities that are prevalent among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities are connected to the ideology of sovereignty and often ignored in social work and public health literature. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to examine the health outcomes of American Indians from the time of contact with European settlers to the present through the ideology of sovereignty and federal government AI health policy. The foundation for the health outcomes of AIs and the governmental policies affecting them lie in the ideology of tribal sovereignty...
April 19, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671860/future-directions-in-disseminating-research-findings-to-urban-alaska-native-people
#3
Aliassa L Shane, Charlene R Apok, Michael J Doyle, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Denise A Dillard, Karen Caindec
Southcentral Foundation (SCF), a tribal health organization based in Anchorage, Alaska, operates and plans health care services in response to the priorities and tribal values of Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people, including traditional concepts of wellness, reciprocity, and working in relationship. In an effort to better incorporate AN/AI priorities and values in research dissemination, the SCF Research Department hosted the Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) in May 2016. In this paper, we describe the communication strategies used by the SCF Public Relations Department, which were shared with Forum attendees, describe attendee recommendations for researchers to consider and implement, and then discuss future directions for dissemination...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671859/community-dissemination-in-a-tribal-health-setting-a-pharmacogenetics-case-study
#4
Julie A Beans, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Charlene R Apok, Karen Caindec, Denise A Dillard, Renee F Robinson
Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people experience a disproportionate burden of health disparities in the United States. Including AN/AI people in pharmacogenetic research offers an avenue to address these health disparities, however the dissemination of pharmacogenetic research results in the community context can be a challenging task. In this paper, we describe a case-study that explores the preferences of AN/AI community members regarding pharmacogenetic research results dissemination. Results were presented as a PowerPoint presentation at the 2016 Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum)...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671857/disseminating-information-on-trauma-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-in-a-tribal-health-setting-a-case-study
#5
Jaedon P Avey, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Lisa G Dirks, Laurie A Moore, Barbara Beach, Douglas K Novins, Karen Caindec, Denise A Dillard
Exposure to trauma is consistently associated with co-occurrence of behavioral health disorders. Primary care settings are opportune places to screen for traumatic experiences and symptoms, as they are often the initial point of care for behavioral health concerns by the Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) population. In this case study, we examine results dissemination activities at the SCF Research Department-hosted 2016 Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) of a pilot study of a trauma-focused screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (T-SBIRT) process for AN/AI adults in primary care...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671856/alaska-native-health-research-forum-perspectives-on-disseminating-research-findings
#6
Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Julie A Beans, Lisa G Dirks, Jaedon P Avey, Karen Caindec, Denise A Dillard
In May 2016, Southcentral Foundation (SCF), a regional tribal health corporation based in Anchorage, Alaska convened a half-day health research forum for Alaska Native and American Indian community members to obtain feedback on communication of research findings. Thirty one individuals attended the Forum and 22 completed a pre and post survey. Respondents found the Forum to be a useful method to learn about research projects and their willingness to participate in health research reportedly increased because of the event...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671855/approach-and-methods-of-the-2016-alaska-native-research-forum
#7
Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Jaedon P Avey, Julie A Beans, Lisa G Dirks, Karen Caindec, Denise A Dillard
Southcentral Foundation, a tribal health organization serving Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people in southcentral Alaska, convened the Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) for AN/AI people in May 2016. The purpose of the Forum was to obtain AN/AI community member feedback about sharing health research results. This article describes the funding mechanism that provided resources for the Forum and other factors that were considered when designing the Forum. This is followed by a description of how attendees were invited, the audience response system, and process used to collect quantitative data on participants and qualitative feedback from small group discussions with Forum attendees...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671854/challenges-in-engaging-and-disseminating-health-research-results-among-alaska-native-and-american-indian-people-in-southcentral-alaska
#8
Denise A Dillard, Karen Caindec, Lisa G Dirks, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka
Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people have negative research experiences, including lack of timely, respectful, and relevant communication about research findings. Southcentral Foundation (SCF), a tribally owned and operated health care organization in Alaska, has redesigned the health care system, enacted research policies, and established a research department which uses best practices of Community Engaged Research with AN/AI people. Department staff and community members, however, perceive significant limitations in the reach of and satisfaction with ongoing engagement and dissemination efforts...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623570/food-security-and-diet-among-american-indians-in-the-midwest
#9
Kelly Berryhill, Jason Hale, Brian Chase, Lauren Clark, Jianghua He, Christine M Daley
The purpose of this study was to determine levels of food security among American Indians (AI) living in the Midwest and possible correlations between food security levels and various health outcomes, diet, and demographic variables. This study used a cross-sectional design to determine health behaviors among AI. Participants (n = 362) were recruited by AI staff through various cultural community events in the Midwest, such as powwows and health fairs. Inclusion criteria included the following: age 18 years or older, self-identify as an AI, and willing to participate in the survey...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611215/improving-occupational-health-disparity-research-testing-a-method-to-estimate-race-and-ethnicity-in-a-working-population
#10
Caroline K Smith, David K Bonauto
BACKGROUND: Race and ethnicity data are often absent from administrative and health insurance databases. Indirect estimation methods to assign probability scores for race and ethnicity to insurance records may help identify occupational health inequities. METHODS: We compared race and ethnicity estimates from the Bayesian Improved Surname Geocoding (BISG) formula to self-reported race and ethnicity from 1132 workers. RESULTS: The accuracy of the BISG using gender stratified regression models adjusted for worker age and industry were excellent for White and Latino males and Latino females, good for Black and Asian Pacific Islander males and White and Asian Pacific Islander females...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609476/understanding-the-social-and-community-support-networks-of-american-indian-women-cancer-survivors
#11
Catherine E Burnette, Jessica Liddell, Soonhee Roh, Yeon-Shim Lee, Hee Yun Lee
OBJECTIVE: Cancer is the leading cause of death among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) women, and although cancer disparities among AI women are alarming, there is little research focused on the topic of social support and cancer treatment and outcomes. DESIGN: A community advisory board was used to develop and administer the project, and a qualitative descriptive study methodology was used. This research was conducted in partnership with two community-based hospitals in the Northern Plains...
April 2, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569143/a-framework-for-culturally-relevant-online-learning-lessons-from-alaska-s-tribal-health-workers
#12
Katie Cueva, Melany Cueva, Laura Revels, Anne P Lanier, Mark Dignan, K Viswanath, Teresa T Fung, Alan C Geller
Culturally relevant health promotion is an opportunity to reduce health inequities in diseases with modifiable risks, such as cancer. Alaska Native people bear a disproportionate cancer burden, and Alaska's rural tribal health workers consequently requested cancer education accessible online. In response, the Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium cancer education team sought to create a framework for culturally relevant online learning to inform the creation of distance-delivered cancer education. Guided by the principles of community-based participatory action research and grounded in empowerment theory, the project team conducted a focus group with 10 Alaska Native education experts, 12 culturally diverse key informant interviews, a key stakeholder survey of 62 Alaska Native tribal health workers and their instructors/supervisors, and a literature review on distance-delivered education with Alaska Native or American Indian people...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565785/education-income-and-employment-and-prevalence-of-chronic-disease-among-american-indian-alaska-native-elders
#13
Collette Adamsen, Shawnda Schroeder, Steven LeMire, Paula Carter
INTRODUCTION: Chronic disease studies have omitted analyses of the American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) population, relied on small samples of AI/ANs, or focused on a single disease among AI/ANs. We measured the influence of income, employment status, and education level on the prevalence of chronic disease among 14,632 AI/AN elders from 2011 through 2014. METHODS: We conducted a national survey of AI/AN elders (≥55 y) to identify health and social needs. Using these data, we computed cross-tabulations for each independent variable (annual personal income, employment status, education level), 2 covariates (age, sex), and presence of any chronic disease...
March 22, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557176/texting-4-sexual-health-improving-attitudes-intention-and-behavior-among-american-indian-and-alaska-native-youth
#14
Patricia Yao, Rongwei Fu, Stephanie Craig Rushing, David Stephens, Joan S Ash, Karen B Eden
PURPOSE: To design and test the effectiveness of a text messaging intervention to promote condom use and STI/HIV testing among American Indian and Alaska Native youth. METHOD: A total of 408 study participants, 15 to 24 years old, were recruited, consented, surveyed, were sent intervention messages, and were incentivized via text message over a 9-month period. Complete pre- and postsurvey data were collected from 192 participants using SMS short codes. A mixed-effects logistic regression model was used to analyze before-after change in responses assessing sexual health knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy, intention, and behavior...
March 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556572/the-pervasive-crisis-of-diminishing-radiation-therapy-access-for-vulnerable-populations-in-the-united-states-part-2-american-indian-patients
#15
Shearwood McClelland, Jennifer Leberknight, B Ashleigh Guadagnolo, C Norman Coleman, Daniel G Petereit
Introduction: American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) patients with cancer disproportionally present with more advanced stages of disease and have the worst cancer-specific survival rates of any racial/ethnic group in the United States. The presence of disparities in radiation therapy (RT) access for AI/AN patients has rarely been examined. Methods and materials: National Cancer Institute (NCI) initiatives toward addressing AI/AN disparities were examined. Additionally, an extensive PubMed literature search for studies investigating RT access disparities in AI/AN patients was performed...
January 2018: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554837/differences-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-by-primary-care-and-specialist-providers-in-the-american-indian-alaska-native-population
#16
J A McDougall, C G Helmick, S S Lim, J M Johnston, J R Gaddy, C Gordon, E D Ferucci
Objectives The objective of this study is to investigate differences in the diagnosis and management of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) by primary care and specialist physicians in a population-based registry. Methods This study includes individuals from the 2009 Indian Health Service lupus registry population with a diagnosis of SLE documented by either a primary care provider or specialist. SLE classification criteria, laboratory testing, and medication use at any time during the course of disease were determined by medical record abstraction...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527677/the-prevalence-and-impact-of-migraine-and-severe-headache-in-the-united-states-figures-and-trends-from-government-health-studies
#17
Rebecca Burch, Paul Rizzoli, Elizabeth Loder
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In this targeted systematic review, we aimed to identify up-to-date prevalence estimates of migraine and severe headache in adults from population-based US government surveys. Our goal was to assess the stability of prevalence estimates over time, and to identify additional information pertinent to the burden and treatment of migraine and other severe headache conditions. METHODS: We searched for the most current publicly available summary statistics from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), and the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS)...
March 12, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520828/periodontal-disease-and-its-connection-to-systemic-biomarkers-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-young-american-indian-alaskan-natives
#18
Nicole Delange, Suzanne Lindsay, Hector Lemus, Tracy L Finlayson, Scott T Kelley, Roberta A Gottlieb
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). No known studies evaluate the relationship between periodontal disease status and biomarkers of CVD risk in the American Indian/Alaskan Native (AI/AN) population despite their disproportionately high rates of poor oral health and cardiovascular disease-related outcomes. This study compared levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and C-reactive protein (CRP) across increasing severity of periodontal disease status among younger adults between the ages of 21 and 43 years...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517957/assessing-new-diagnoses-of-hiv-among-american-indian-alaska-natives-served-by-the-indian-health-service-2005-2014
#19
Brigg Reilley, Dana L Haberling, Marissa Person, Jessica Leston, Jonathan Iralu, Rick Haverkate, Azfar-E-Alam Siddiqi
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to use Indian Health Service (IHS) data from electronic health records to analyze human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnoses among American Indian/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) and to identify current rates and trends that can support data-driven policy implementation and resource allocation for this population. METHODS: We analyzed provider visit data from IHS to capture all AI/AN patients who met a definition of a new HIV diagnosis from 2005 through 2014 by using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505371/oregon-s-emphasis-on-equity-shows-signs-of-early-success-for-black-and-american-indian-medicaid-enrollees
#20
K John McConnell, Christina J Charlesworth, Thomas H A Meath, Rani M George, Hyunjee Kim
In 2012 Oregon transformed its Medicaid program, providing coverage through sixteen coordinated care organizations (CCOs). The state identified the elimination of health disparities as a priority for the CCOs, implementing a multipronged approach that included strategic planning, community health workers, and Regional Health Equity Coalitions. We used claims-based measures of utilization, access, and quality to assess baseline disparities and test for changes over time. Prior to the CCO intervention there were significant white-black and white-American Indian/Alaska Native disparities in utilization measures and white-black disparities in quality measures...
March 2018: Health Affairs
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