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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812287/racial-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-the-usa-testing-the-reverse-racism-hypothesis
#1
Bongki Woo
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether the health disadvantages consequent of racial discrimination experienced by four racial/ethnic minority groups are equivalent with that of the dominant racial group. METHOD: Data was derived from the 2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Logistic regression and heterogeneous choice models were used to test the moderating role of race/ethnicity in regards to the associations between racial discrimination and ten DSM-V diagnoses...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805411/rural-american-indian-and-alaska-native-veterans-telemental-health-a-model-of-culturally-centered-care
#2
Cynthia W Goss, W J Buck Richardson, Nancy Dailey, Byron Bair, Herbert Nagamoto, Spero M Manson, Jay H Shore
American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) veterans living in rural areas have unique health care needs and face numerous barriers to accessing health care services. Among these needs is a disproportionate prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder and other mental illnesses. Since 2001, 14 rural communities have partnered with the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and the Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus to extend telemental health clinics to American Indian veterans...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800188/care-in-the-context-of-a-chronic-epidemic-caring-for-diabetes-in-chicago-s-native-community
#3
Margaret Pollak
American Indians have some of the highest rates of diabetes worldwide, and they are disproportionately affected by the secondary complications of the disease. While most research on Native populations focuses on reservations, this study investigates diabetes care in Chicago's Native community. People living with diabetes manage blood sugar levels to prevent the development of secondary complications. As with many diabetics, the majority of their health care work is completed outside of the biomedical setting...
August 11, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763383/addressing-data-inequities-in-american-indian-communities-through-an-environmental-public-health-tracking-pilot-project
#4
Samantha Lucas-Pipkorn, Ashley Tuomi
National and state surveillance systems identify American Indians/Alaska Natives inconsistently and often inaccurately within their data sets. Consequently, communities may not be represented with data at the level of geography needed. Collecting and presenting environmental and health-related data to the public are done by state Tracking Networks. Great Lakes Inter-Tribal Epidemiology Center (GLITEC) conducted a groundbreaking 2014 Tribal Environmental Health Tracking pilot project that engaged tribes, an urban Indian community, 3 state health departments, a Tribal Epidemiology Center (TEC), and a federal agency...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758709/american-indian-and-alaska-native-men-s-use-of-sexual-health-services-2006-2010
#5
Megan A Cahn, S Marie Harvey, Matthew A Town
CONTEXT: American Indian and Alaska Native men experience poorer sexual health than white men. Barriers related to their sex and racial identity may prevent them from seeking care; however, little is known about this population's use of sexual health services. METHODS: Sexual health service usage was examined among 923 American Indian and Alaska Native men and 5,322 white men aged 15-44 who participated in the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth. Logistic regression models explored differences in service use by race and examined correlates of use among American Indians and Alaska Natives...
July 31, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746264/trends-in-otitis-media-and-myringotomy-with-tube-placement-among-american-indian-and-alaska-native-children-and-the-u-s-general-population-of-children-after-introduction-of-the-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine
#6
Rosalyn Singleton, Sara Seeman, Margaret Grinnell, Lisa Bulkow, John Kokesh, Susan Emmett, Stephen Holve, Jeffrey McCollum, Thomas Hennessy
BACKGROUND: American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) children have experienced higher otitis media (OM) outpatient visit rates than other United States (US) children. To understand recent trends, we evaluated AI/AN OM rates before and after 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction. METHODS: We analyzed outpatient visits listing OM as a diagnosis among AI/AN children <5 years of age from the Indian Health Service National Patient Information Reporting System for 2010-2013...
July 19, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727519/obesity-and-overweight-in-american-indian-and-alaska-native-children-2006-2015
#7
Ann Bullock, Karen Sheff, Kelly Moore, Spero Manson
OBJECTIVES: To estimate obesity and overweight prevalence in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) children across genders, ages, and geographic regions in the Indian Health Service active clinical population. METHODS: We obtained data from the Indian Health Service National Data Warehouse. At least 184 000 AI/AN children aged 2 to 19 years had body mass index data for each year studied, 2006 to 2015. We calculated body mass index percentiles with the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714599/the-utility-of-empirically-assigning-ancestry-groups-in-cross-population-genetic-studies-of-addiction
#8
Roseann E Peterson, Alexis C Edwards, Silviu-Alin Bacanu, Danielle M Dick, Kenneth S Kendler, Bradley T Webb
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Given moderate heritability and significant heterogeneity among addiction phenotypes, successful genome-wide association studies (GWAS) are expected to need very large samples. As sample sizes grow, so can genetic diversity leading to challenges in analyzing these data. Methods for empirically assigning individuals to genetically informed ancestry groups are needed. METHODS: We describe a strategy for empirically assigning ancestry groups in ethnically diverse GWAS data including extensions of principal component analysis (PCA) and population matching through minimum Mahalanobis distance...
July 17, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670212/native-voices-native-peoples-concepts-of-health-and-illness-in-new-mexico-opening-a-local-conversation-by-hosting-a-national-traveling-exhibit
#9
Patricia V Bradley, Laura J Hall, Gale G Hannigan, Frederick B Wood
BACKGROUND: The University of New Mexico Health Sciences Library and Informatics Center hosted the National Library of Medicine's Native Voices: Native Peoples' Concepts of Health and Illness traveling exhibit. The authors' goal was to promote local interest in the Native Voices exhibit, with an emphasis on making the exhibit content and materials available to American Indian communities throughout rural New Mexico. CASE PRESENTATION: We convened a daylong summit to highlight the exhibit and encourage discussion among 30 American Indian community health educators...
July 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661807/indian-country-leads-national-movement-to-knock-down-barriers-to-oral-health-equity
#10
Brian Speepots Cladoosby
Tribal and other underserved communities are struggling under the weight of devastating oral health disparities. Tribes as sovereign nations are searching for innovative solutions to address their unique barriers to oral health care. Dental therapists are primary oral health providers who work as part of the dental team to provide a limited scope of services to patients. They were first brought to tribal communities by the Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium. Despite strong opposition from the American Dental Association aimed at protecting its monopoly on oral health care, dental therapists are sweeping the nation...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624126/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-the-u-s-breastfeeding-and-implications-for-maternal-and-child-health-outcomes
#11
Adetola Louis-Jacques, Tara F Deubel, Melina Taylor, Alison M Stuebe
Marked racial and ethnic disparities exist in infant feeding in the United States. Based on a review of recent literature, this article examines current discrepancies between the 2020 Healthy People breastfeeding goals and current breastfeeding rates among women from different ethnic groups in the United States. We discuss maternal and child health outcomes associated with breastfeeding, and we review potential causes of racial and ethnic disparities in breastfeeding outcomes in the United States, especially among non-Hispanic Black, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Hispanic/Latina populations...
June 14, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586094/disparities-in-liver-cancer-occurrence-in-the-united-states-by-race-ethnicity-and-state
#12
Farhad Islami, Kimberly D Miller, Rebecca L Siegel, Stacey A Fedewa, Elizabeth M Ward, Ahmedin Jemal
Liver cancer is highly fatal, and death rates in the United States are increasing faster than for any other cancer, having doubled since the mid-1980s. In 2017, it is estimated that the disease will account for about 41,000 new cancer cases and 29,000 cancer deaths in the United States. In this article, data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program and the National Center for Health Statistics are used to provide an overview of liver cancer incidence, mortality, and survival rates and trends, including data by race/ethnicity and state...
July 8, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585164/implementation-of-the-reach-model-of-dementia-caregiver-support-in-american-indian-and-alaska-native-communities
#13
Jennifer Martindale-Adams, Tina Tah, Bruce Finke, Cynthia LaCounte, Barbara J Higgins, Linda O Nichols
The Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregivers Health in the VA (REACH VA) dementia caregiving intervention has been implemented in the VA, in community agencies, and internationally. As identified in the 2013 and 2015 National Plan to Address Alzheimer's Disease, REACH is being made available to American Indian and Alaska Native communities. Implementation activities are carried out by local Public Health Nursing programs operated by Indian Health Service and Tribal Health programs, and Administration for Community Living/Administration on Aging funded Tribal Aging program staff already working in each community...
June 5, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583968/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-persist-at-veterans-health-administration-patient-centered-medical-homes
#14
Donna L Washington, W Neil Steers, Alexis K Huynh, Susan M Frayne, Uchenna S Uchendu, Deborah Riopelle, Elizabeth M Yano, Fay S Saechao, Katherine J Hoggatt
Patient-centered medical homes are widely promoted as a primary care delivery model that achieves better patient outcomes. It is unknown if their benefits extend equally to all racial/ethnic groups. In 2010 the Veterans Health Administration, part of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), began implementing patient-centered medical homes nationwide. In 2009 significant disparities in hypertension or diabetes control were present for most racial/ethnic groups, compared with whites. In 2014 hypertension disparities were similar for blacks, had become smaller but remained significant for Hispanics, and were no longer significant for multiracial veterans, whereas disparities had become significant for American Indians/Alaska Natives and Native Hawaiians/other Pacific Islanders...
June 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492517/first-nations-approaches-to-childhood-obesity-healthy-lifestyles-in-canada-compared-with-alternatives-for-alaska-native-communities
#15
Peter A de Schweinitz, Janet M Wojcicki
Alaska Native and American Indian children have among the highest prevalence of obesity in the United States. Canadian Aboriginal populations including First Nations also have high rates of obesity but obesity rates among children are noticeably lower. We highlight some of the important differences between American and Canadian approaches to healthy lifestyles and Aboriginal/Native health, including diet and physical activity, which may in part explain the differences in obesity prevalence. Specifically, the Canadian government provides a food subsidy program to bring perishable fruits and vegetable to remote, rural Canadian areas and secondly supports the use of traditional foods and harvesting/gathering through a number of government supported programs...
May 11, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449292/oral-health-beliefs-knowledge-and-behaviors-in-northern-california-american-indian-and-alaska-native-mothers-regarding-early-childhood-caries
#16
Brenda Heaton, Andrew Crawford, Raul I Garcia, Michelle Henshaw, Christine A Riedy, Judith C Barker, Maureen A Wimsatt
OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral health beliefs, knowledge, and behaviors related to early childhood caries (ECC) risk in a convenience sample of American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) mothers residing in rural Northern California communities. METHODS: Fifty-three mothers of young children were recruited from three tribal communities in Northern California with the assistance of the California Rural Indian Health Board, Inc. and its California Tribal Epidemiology Center and Dental Support Center...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442533/racial-disparities-in-stage-specific-gastric-cancer-analysis-of-results-from-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-seer-program-database
#17
Gang Zhang, Xing Zhao, Jie Li, Yu Yuan, Ming Wen, Xin Hao, Ping Li, Aimin Zhang
The incidence of gastric cancer is declining in western countries but continues to represent a serious health problem worldwide, especially in Asia and among Asian Americans. This study aimed to investigate ethnic disparities in stage-specific gastric cancer, including differences in incidence, treatment and survival. The cohort study was analyzed using the data set of patients with gastric cancer registered in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program from 2004 to 2013. Among 54,165 patients with gastric cancer, 38,308 were whites (70...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441113/research-with-american-indian-and-alaska-native-populations-measurement-matters
#18
Melissa L Walls, Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell, Allison Barlow, Michelle Sarche
Research is an important tool in addressing myriad American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) health disparities; however, tensions exist between common empirical measurement approaches that facilitate cross-cultural comparisons and measurement specificity that may be more valid locally and/or culturally appropriate. The tremendous diversity of AIAN communities, small population sizes of distinct AIAN cultural groups, and varying cultural contexts and worldviews should influence measurement decisions in health research...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436642/the-validity-of-race-and-hispanic-origin-reporting-on-death-certificates-in-the-united-states-an-update
#19
Elizabeth Arias, Melonie Heron, Jahn Hakes
Objectives This report presents the findings of an updated study of the validity of race and Hispanic-origin reporting on death certificates in the United States, and its impact on race- and Hispanic origin-specific death rates. Methods The latest version of the National Longitudinal Mortality Study (NLMS) was used to evaluate the classification of race and Hispanic origin on death certificates for deaths occurring in 1999–2011 to decedents in NLMS. To evaluate change over time, these results were compared with those of a study based on an earlier version of NLMS that evaluated the quality of race and ethnicity classification on death certificates for 1979–1989 and 1990–1998...
August 1, 2016: Vital and Health Statistics. Series 2, Data Evaluation and Methods Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406041/the-nexus-between-health-and-time-use-among-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-women
#20
Cathleen D Zick, Iris Buder, Norman J Waitzman, Sara Simonsen, Kathleen Digre
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic and racial health disparities have been well-documented in the scholarly literature. In recent years, evidence about time spent in physical (in)activity and its relationship to physical and mental health has also emerged. This study assesses if observed ethnic/racial health differences were associated with differences in time use. DESIGN: Our analyses utilized baseline data from 510 Utah women who enrolled in one of two community-based, participatory research intervention studies between 2012 and 2015...
April 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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