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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023818/commentary-on-montag-et%C3%A2-al-2017-the-importance-of-cbpr-in-fasd-prevention-with-american-indian-communities
#1
Jessica D Hanson, Tess L Weber
Prenatal alcohol consumption is a public health concern due to potential lifelong physical and cognitive effects in offspring, often presenting in the form of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) or other fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). FASD is the continuum of lifelong outcomes in those born prenatally exposed to alcohol and includes a diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), which is diagnosed through facial abnormalities, growth retardation, and delayed brain growth (Hoyme et al., 2016), as well as secondary disabilities such as conduct disorders, mental illness, and psychosocial functioning...
October 10, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021119/a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-motivational-interviewing-compared-to-psycho-education-for-reducing-and-preventing-underage-drinking-in-american-indian-adolescents
#2
David A Gilder, Jennifer R Geisler, Juan A Luna, Daniel Calac, Peter M Monti, Nichea S Spillane, Juliet P Lee, Roland S Moore, Cindy L Ehlers
Underage drinking is an important public health issue for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents, as it is for U. S. teens of all ethnicities. One of the demonstrated risk factors for the development of alcohol use disorders in AI/AN is early age of initiation of drinking. To address this issue a randomized trial to assess the efficacy of Motivational Interviewing (MI) compared to Psycho-Education (PE) to reduce and prevent underage drinking in AI/AN youth was developed and implemented. Sixty-nine youth received MI or PE and 87% were assessed at follow-up...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981481/suicide-trends-among-and-within-urbanization-levels-by-sex-race-ethnicity-age-group-and-mechanism-of-death-united-states-2001-2015
#3
Asha Z Ivey-Stephenson, Alex E Crosby, Shane P D Jack, Tadesse Haileyesus, Marcie-Jo Kresnow-Sedacca
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Suicide is a public health problem and one of the top 10 leading causes of death in the United States. Substantial geographic variations in suicide rates exist, with suicides in rural areas occurring at much higher rates than those occurring in more urban areas. Understanding demographic trends and mechanisms of death among and within urbanization levels is important to developing and targeting future prevention efforts. REPORTING PERIOD: 2001-2015...
October 6, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934183/trends-in-cervical-cancer-screening-in-title-x-funded-health-centers-united-states-2005-2015
#4
Christina I Fowler, Mona Saraiya, Susan B Moskosky, Jacqueline W Miller, Julia Gable, Nancy Mautone-Smith
Cervical cancer screening is critical to early detection and treatment of precancerous cells and cervical cancer. In 2015, 83% of U.S. women reported being screened per current recommendations, which is below the Healthy People 2020 target of 93% (1,2). Disparities in screening persist for women who are younger (aged 21-30 years), have lower income, are less educated, are uninsured, lack a source of health care, or who self-identify as Asian or American Indian/Alaska Native (2). Women who are never screened or rarely screened are more likely to develop cancer and receive a cancer diagnosis at later stages than women who are screened regularly (3)...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865474/barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementation-of-va-home-based-primary-care-on-american-indian-reservations-a-qualitative-multi-case-study
#5
B Josea Kramer, Sarah D Cote, Diane I Lee, Beth Creekmur, Debra Saliba
BACKGROUND: Veterans Health Affairs (VA) home-based primary care (HBPC) is an evidence-based interdisciplinary approach to non-institutional long-term care that was developed in urban settings to provide longitudinal care for vulnerable older patients. Under the authority of a Memorandum of Understanding between VA and Indian Health Service (IHS) to improve access to healthcare, 14 VA medical centers (VAMC) independently initiated plans to expand HBPC programs to rural American Indian reservations and 12 VAMC successfully implemented programs...
September 2, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832885/a-comparison-of-early-adolescent-behavioral-health-risks-among-urban-american-indians-alaska-natives-and-their-peers
#6
Kelly Serfaini, Dennis M Donovan, Dennis C Wendt, Brandon Matsumiya, Carolyn A McCarty
We sought to examine behavioral health indicators for an early adolescent population of American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN) within an urban setting in Washington State. We conducted secondary data analyses from a randomized clinical trial implemented in local middle schools that compared AI/ANs (n = 43), non-Hispanic Whites (n = 620), and other racial/ethnic minority youth (n = 527) across a variety of behavioral health risks. AI/AN youth reported significantly more depressive symptoms than other racial/ethnic minorities as well as non-Hispanic Whites...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826379/culturally-relevant-palliative-and-end-of-life-care-for-u-s-indigenous-populations-an-integrative-review
#7
Mary J Isaacson, Anna R Lynch
PURPOSE: American Indians/Alaska Natives (AIs/ANs) have higher rates of chronic illness and lack access to palliative/end-of-life (EOL) care. This integrative review ascertained the state of the science on culturally acceptable palliative/EOL care options for Indigenous persons in the United States. DESIGN: Databases searched: CINAHL, PubMed/MEDLINE, SocINDEX, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, ERIC, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, and EBSCO Discovery Service 1880s-Present...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812287/racial-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-the-usa-testing-the-reverse-racism-hypothesis
#8
Bongki Woo
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether the health disadvantages consequent of racial discrimination experienced by four racial/ethnic minority groups are equivalent with that of the dominant racial group. METHOD: Data was derived from the 2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Logistic regression and heterogeneous choice models were used to test the moderating role of race/ethnicity in regards to the associations between racial discrimination and ten DSM-V diagnoses...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805411/rural-american-indian-and-alaska-native-veterans-telemental-health-a-model-of-culturally-centered-care
#9
Cynthia W Goss, W J Buck Richardson, Nancy Dailey, Byron Bair, Herbert Nagamoto, Spero M Manson, Jay H Shore
American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) veterans living in rural areas have unique health care needs and face numerous barriers to accessing health care services. Among these needs is a disproportionate prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder and other mental illnesses. Since 2001, 14 rural communities have partnered with the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and the Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus to extend telemental health clinics to American Indian veterans...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804064/reconciling-america-s-research-response-to-binge-drinking-among-american-indians-and-alaskan-natives
#10
Erica Kiemele, Colleen Anne Dell, Carol Hopkins, Joel Beckstead, John A Fromson
Binge drinking among American Indians and Alaskan Natives is an acute health issue in the United States. The Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University convened a one-day meeting with North American experts to identify key elements for developing research methodologies to measure treatment outcomes founded in Indigenous cultural ways of knowing. Three were identified: recognize culture as treatment, overcome Western interpretations of research, and apply culturally appropriate research methodologies...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800188/care-in-the-context-of-a-chronic-epidemic-caring-for-diabetes-in-chicago-s-native-community
#11
Margaret Pollak
American Indians have some of the highest rates of diabetes worldwide, and they are disproportionately affected by the secondary complications of the disease. While most research on Native populations focuses on reservations, this study investigates diabetes care in Chicago's Native community. People living with diabetes manage blood sugar levels to prevent the development of secondary complications. As with many diabetics, the majority of their health care work is completed outside of the biomedical setting...
August 11, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763383/addressing-data-inequities-in-american-indian-communities-through-an-environmental-public-health-tracking-pilot-project
#12
Samantha Lucas-Pipkorn, Ashley Tuomi
National and state surveillance systems identify American Indians/Alaska Natives inconsistently and often inaccurately within their data sets. Consequently, communities may not be represented with data at the level of geography needed. Collecting and presenting environmental and health-related data to the public are done by state Tracking Networks. Great Lakes Inter-Tribal Epidemiology Center (GLITEC) conducted a groundbreaking 2014 Tribal Environmental Health Tracking pilot project that engaged tribes, an urban Indian community, 3 state health departments, a Tribal Epidemiology Center (TEC), and a federal agency...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758709/american-indian-and-alaska-native-men-s-use-of-sexual-health-services-2006-2010
#13
Megan A Cahn, S Marie Harvey, Matthew A Town
CONTEXT: American Indian and Alaska Native men experience poorer sexual health than white men. Barriers related to their sex and racial identity may prevent them from seeking care; however, little is known about this population's use of sexual health services. METHODS: Sexual health service usage was examined among 923 American Indian and Alaska Native men and 5,322 white men aged 15-44 who participated in the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth. Logistic regression models explored differences in service use by race and examined correlates of use among American Indians and Alaska Natives...
September 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746264/trends-in-otitis-media-and-myringotomy-with-tube-placement-among-american-indian-and-alaska-native-children-and-the-u-s-general-population-of-children-after-introduction-of-the-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine
#14
Rosalyn Singleton, Sara Seeman, Margaret Grinnell, Lisa Bulkow, John Kokesh, Susan Emmett, Stephen Holve, Jeffrey McCollum, Thomas Hennessy
BACKGROUND: American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) children have experienced higher otitis media (OM) outpatient visit rates than other United States (US) children. To understand recent trends, we evaluated AI/AN OM rates before and after 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction. METHODS: We analyzed outpatient visits listing OM as a diagnosis among AI/AN children <5 years of age from the Indian Health Service National Patient Information Reporting System for 2010-2013...
July 19, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727519/obesity-and-overweight-in-american-indian-and-alaska-native-children-2006-2015
#15
Ann Bullock, Karen Sheff, Kelly Moore, Spero Manson
OBJECTIVES: To estimate obesity and overweight prevalence in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) children across genders, ages, and geographic regions in the Indian Health Service active clinical population. METHODS: We obtained data from the Indian Health Service National Data Warehouse. At least 184 000 AI/AN children aged 2 to 19 years had body mass index data for each year studied, 2006 to 2015. We calculated body mass index percentiles with the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714599/the-utility-of-empirically-assigning-ancestry-groups-in-cross-population-genetic-studies-of-addiction
#16
Roseann E Peterson, Alexis C Edwards, Silviu-Alin Bacanu, Danielle M Dick, Kenneth S Kendler, Bradley T Webb
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Given moderate heritability and significant heterogeneity among addiction phenotypes, successful genome-wide association studies (GWAS) are expected to need very large samples. As sample sizes grow, so can genetic diversity leading to challenges in analyzing these data. Methods for empirically assigning individuals to genetically informed ancestry groups are needed. METHODS: We describe a strategy for empirically assigning ancestry groups in ethnically diverse GWAS data including extensions of principal component analysis (PCA) and population matching through minimum Mahalanobis distance...
August 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670212/native-voices-native-peoples-concepts-of-health-and-illness-in-new-mexico-opening-a-local-conversation-by-hosting-a-national-traveling-exhibit
#17
Patricia V Bradley, Laura J Hall, Gale G Hannigan, Frederick B Wood
BACKGROUND: The University of New Mexico Health Sciences Library and Informatics Center hosted the National Library of Medicine's Native Voices: Native Peoples' Concepts of Health and Illness traveling exhibit. The authors' goal was to promote local interest in the Native Voices exhibit, with an emphasis on making the exhibit content and materials available to American Indian communities throughout rural New Mexico. CASE PRESENTATION: We convened a daylong summit to highlight the exhibit and encourage discussion among 30 American Indian community health educators...
July 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661807/indian-country-leads-national-movement-to-knock-down-barriers-to-oral-health-equity
#18
Brian Speepots Cladoosby
Tribal and other underserved communities are struggling under the weight of devastating oral health disparities. Tribes as sovereign nations are searching for innovative solutions to address their unique barriers to oral health care. Dental therapists are primary oral health providers who work as part of the dental team to provide a limited scope of services to patients. They were first brought to tribal communities by the Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium. Despite strong opposition from the American Dental Association aimed at protecting its monopoly on oral health care, dental therapists are sweeping the nation...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624126/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-u-s-breastfeeding-and-implications-for-maternal-and-child-health-outcomes
#19
Adetola Louis-Jacques, Tara F Deubel, Melina Taylor, Alison M Stuebe
Marked racial and ethnic disparities exist in infant feeding in the United States. Based on a review of recent literature, this article examines current discrepancies between the 2020 Healthy People breastfeeding goals and current breastfeeding rates among women from different ethnic groups in the United States. We discuss maternal and child health outcomes associated with breastfeeding, and we review potential causes of racial and ethnic disparities in breastfeeding outcomes in the United States, especially among non-Hispanic Black, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Hispanic/Latina populations...
August 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586094/disparities-in-liver-cancer-occurrence-in-the-united-states-by-race-ethnicity-and-state
#20
Farhad Islami, Kimberly D Miller, Rebecca L Siegel, Stacey A Fedewa, Elizabeth M Ward, Ahmedin Jemal
Liver cancer is highly fatal, and death rates in the United States are increasing faster than for any other cancer, having doubled since the mid-1980s. In 2017, it is estimated that the disease will account for about 41,000 new cancer cases and 29,000 cancer deaths in the United States. In this article, data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program and the National Center for Health Statistics are used to provide an overview of liver cancer incidence, mortality, and survival rates and trends, including data by race/ethnicity and state...
July 8, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
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