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Ersan Arda, Basri Cakiroglu, David T Thomas
CONTEXT: Nocturnal enuresis or bedwetting is the most common type of urinary incontinence in children. It has significant psychological effects on both the child and the family. Enuresis nocturna is defined as the inability to hold urine during the night in children who have completed toilet training. It is termed as being "primary" if no continence has ever been achieved or "secondary if it follows at least 6 months of dry nights. The aim of this review was to assemble the pathophysiological background and general information about nocturnal enuresis...
July 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
Harshal Sathe, Sagar Karia, Avinash De Sousa, Nilesh Shah
Obsessive compulsive symptoms have been reported in frontal lobe tumours and basal ganglia lesions. We report herewith a case of an adolescent who had a vermian cystic mass for which he underwent excision surgery. Three months postsurgery family members noticed that he started with repeated hand washing and abnormal walking pattern. Also, he developed bedwetting in sleep at night. He was given clinical diagnosis of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Nocturnal enuresis following a cerebellar mass removal which improved with fluoxetine and impiramine respectively...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Carol Joinson, Sarah Sullivan, Alexander von Gontard, Jon Heron
OBJECTIVE : To examine whether early stressful events are associated with developmental trajectories of bedwetting.  METHODS : This is a prospective cohort study comprising 8,761 participants from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Stressful events were measured using a maternal questionnaire completed at 3 time points before their child was 4 years old. The association between stressful events and trajectories of bedwetting from 4 to 9 years was examined using multinomial regression...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Eigil Instebø, Reidar P Lystad
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe the chiropractic management of an 8-year-old girl with nonorganic, primary nocturnal enuresis. CLINICAL FEATURES: An 8-year-old female patient presented to a chiropractic clinic with persistent nighttime bedwetting. The patient experienced enuresis, on average, 7 nights per week. The patient presented with no other comorbidities or complaints, such as low back or pelvic pain. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOMES: Chiropractic treatment included high-velocity, low-amplitude manipulation of the left sacroiliac joint over 3 visits...
March 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Azita Tavasoli, Shabnam Jalilolghadr, Shiva Lotfi
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate the sleep symptoms and polysomnographic patterns of obstructive sleep apnea in overweight and obese children. MATERIALS & METHODS: Overweight or obese children aging 6-18 yr old referred during 2010 to Endocrinology Clinic of Ghods Hospital in Ghazvin, central Iran were enrolled in the study. Polysomnography was done for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea and the BEARS and Children's Sleep Habits questionnaires were used to survey sleep behaviors...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Cacilda Andrade Sá, Ana Carolina Gusmão Paiva, Maria Clotilde Lima Bezerra de Menezes, Liliana Fajardo de Oliveira, Carlos Augusto Gomes, André Avarese de Figueiredo, José de Bessa, José Murillo B Netto
PURPOSE: Some parents blame their children for bedwetting and, therefore, punish them. This study aimed to assess the rate of punishment experienced by enuretic children and associated causative factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 87 children 6 to 15 years old with monosymptomatic enuresis were assessed individually. Parents answered the questions in the tolerance scale. The forms of punishment were classified as verbal, chastisement and physical aggression...
April 2016: Journal of Urology
Patrina H Y Caldwell, Premala Sureshkumar, Wicky C F Wong
BACKGROUND: Enuresis (bedwetting) affects up to 20% of five year-olds and 2% of adults. Although spontaneous remission often occurs, the social, emotional and psychological costs can be great. Tricyclics have been used to treat enuresis since the 1960s. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of tricyclic and related drugs compared with other interventions for treating children with enuresis. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Trials Register (containing trials identified from the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, MEDLINE in process, ClinicalTrials...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Hasmet Sarici, Onur Telli, Berat Cem Ozgur, Arif Demirbas, Senem Ozgur, Mehmet Ali Karagoz
OBJECTIVE: According to the ICCS definitions, enuresis is defined by an intermittent, wetting during sleep after organic causes have been ruled out with a minimum wetting frequency of once per month. Previous studies reported a prevalence rate of 9-12%. Eighty to 90% of enuresis cases are identified as primary enuresis and are based on genetic predisposition, biological and developmental factors. On the other hand, secondary enuresis frequently arises from psychological factors. In this study we aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of nocturnal enuresis (NE) among primary school children...
June 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Michael Myint, Ahmed Adam, Sampath Herath, Grahame Smith
INTRODUCTION: The proliferation of medical-type applications or 'apps' on smartphones is a typical example of the impact technology has had on medical practice. Maintaining a bladder diary is a recommended part of evaluating the effect of interventions for patients suffering from enuresis. Traditional pen-and-paper bladder diaries have poor completion rates, inconsistent patterns in data entry, and are deficient in validation. Electronic bladder diaries have been proposed to overcome these obstacles...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Chendrimada K Madhu, Hashim Hashim, Doyo Enki, Marcus J Drake
AIMS: The study aims to evaluate bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), risk factors, and associated functional abnormalities in women reporting adult onset secondary nocturnal enuresis (SNE), to help understand factors associated with SNE. METHODS: 12,795 women (age >18) attending a tertiary referral centre underwent a comprehensive standardized evaluation including urodynamic testing in accordance with the International Continence Society recommendations...
October 16, 2015: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Sarah Sullivan, Carol Joinson, Jon Heron
OBJECTIVE: To derive latent classes (longitudinal "phenotypes") of frequency of bedwetting from 4 to 9 years and to examine their association with developmental delay, parental history of bedwetting, length of gestation and birth weight. METHOD: The authors used data from 8,769 children from the U.K. Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children cohort. Mothers provided repeated reports on their child's frequency of bedwetting from 4 to 9 years. The authors used longitudinal latent class analysis to derive latent classes of bedwetting and examined their association with sex, developmental level at 18 months, parental history of wetting, birth weight, and gestational length...
November 2015: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Necmettin Penbegül, Hilmi Çelik, Yılmaz Palancı, Kadir Yıldırım, Murat Atar, Namık Kemal Hatipoğlu, Mehmet Nuri Bodakçı
OBJECTIVE: In this study, the prevalence of enuresis nocturna (EN) was investigated among primary school children living in Diyarbakır. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five primary schools in the center of Diyarbakir and a village primary school were selected randomly. Four thousand and five hundred self-administered questionnaires were distributed to parents; 4300 were returned, and 4203 of these questionnaires were included in this study. RESULTS: Of the children participating in the study, 52...
June 2013: Turkish Journal of Urology
Carol Joinson, Sarah Sullivan, Alexander von Gontard, Jon Heron
There is evidence for a link between psychological factors and bedwetting, but the direction of this association is unclear. Using data on 8769 children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, we examined whether difficult temperament (Toddler Temperament Scale at 24 months; Emotionality Activity Sociability Questionnaire at 38 months) and psychological problems (Revised Rutter Parent Scale for Preschool Children at 42 months) are linked to bedwetting at school age. We examined the association between these risk factors and different patterns of bedwetting from 4 to 9 years using multinomial regression...
May 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Thomson T Tai, Brent T Tai, Yu-Jun Chang, Kuo-Hsuan Huang
AIM: Enuresis is a common childhood disorder that negatively affects children's social and psychological well-being. This study investigated the psychological and emotional problems of children in Taiwan who wet the bed between the ages of six and 15 by comparing feedback from the children, their parents and a control group. METHODS: This case study featured 93 children with primary nocturnal enuresis from enuresis clinics, and their parents, and 98 nonenuretic controls and parents from the local community...
October 2015: Acta Paediatrica
Jessica Jackman, Roger Chafe, Daniel Albrechtsons, Robert Porter, Colleen Nugent, Shahzad Waheed, Leigh Anne Newhook
BACKGROUND: Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) has a very high incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and admission rate for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). The purpose of this study was to identify characteristics and precipitating factors associated with pediatric DKA in this population. METHODS: This was a retrospective study on children diagnosed with DKA from 2007-2011 admitted to the province's only tertiary care pediatric hospital. Demographics, biochemical characteristics, and reasons for DKA diagnosis were analyzed...
2015: BMC Research Notes
Kavitha Muthu, Sathya Kannan, Senthilkumar Muthusamy, Preena Sidhu
BACKGROUND: Bruxism is the involuntary grinding of teeth that occurs during sleep or wake time. The prevalence of bruxism in children and adolescents is high when compared to the adult population. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: This article presents a case report of sleep bruxism in a 6-year-old child. The interesting finding here was its association with nocturnal enuresis (NE)/bedwetting. CONCLUSION/CLINICAL RELEVANCE: NE could be a predisposing factor for sleep bruxism in children, as it causes emotional stress and has a negative impact on a child's self esteem...
January 2015: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Faten Nabeel Al-Zaben, Mohammad Gamal Sehlo
This study assessed the relationship between parental punishment and depression as well as quality of life in children with primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE). A consecutive sample of 65 children (7-13 years) with PMNE and 40 healthy children, selected as controls (Group III), were included in the study. The children with PMNE were further sub-classified into two groups: Group I, which included children who received parental punishment for enuresis and Group II, which comprised children who were not punished for bedwetting...
May 2015: Child Abuse & Neglect
Amos Neheman, Avner Herman Cohen, Boris Chertin, Yoet Metz, Nathan Ish-Shalom, David Ben Meir, Jacob Ben-Chaim, Zipora Don, Pomeranz Avishalom
Bedwetting is a very common condition affecting about 15% of children 6 years of age, and is considered one of the main reasons for referrals to pediatricians. Bedwetting is a medical situation and should be managed by physicians. A child wetting his bed is distressing and this has a deep impact on the child's behavior and it is also very stressful for the parents. The causes of bedwetting are not fully understood. Bedwetting can be considered to be a symptom that may result from a combination of different factors...
July 2014: Harefuah
Aaron P Bayne, Steven J Skoog
On the basis of strong evidence, although primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE) is common and most children will outgrow the condition spontaneously, the psychological effect to the child can be significant and represents the main reason for treatment of these children. On the basis of international consensus panels, treatment of PMNE should be targeted toward the specific type of bedwetting patterns the child has, using bladder diary, sleep history, and daytime elimination concerns as a guide (Table 3)...
August 2014: Pediatrics in Review
Kazuhiro Tajima-Pozo, Gonzalo Ruiz-Manrique, Francisco Montañes
We report the case of a 6-year-old patient diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid enuresis disorder, who was treated with methylphenidate for the past 3 months and a novel behavioural modification therapy by using an application called 'Enuresis Trainer'. This therapeutic application is basically an interactive 'Bedwetting Calendar', based on traditional cognitive behavioural modification therapies and positive reinforcement systems. Enuresis is defined as the failure of voluntary control of the urethral sphincter...
2014: BMJ Case Reports
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