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Yon-Suk Kim, Eun-Kyung Kim, Weligala Pahalagedara Amila Srilal Nawarathna, Xin Dong, Woen-Bin Shin, Jin-Su Park, Sang-Ho Moon, Pyo-Jam Park
Althaea rosea (Linn.) is a medicinal plant from China and Korea that has been traditionally used to control inflammation, to stop bedwetting and as a mouthwash in cases of bleeding gums. Its flowers are employed medicinally for their emollient, demulcent and diuretic properties, which make them useful in chest complaints. Furthermore, a flower extract decoction is used to improve blood circulation, for the treatment of constipation, dysmenorrhoea, haemorrhages, etc. However, the possible mechanisms of the immune-stimulatory effect remains to be elucidated...
April 25, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jon Heron, Mariusz T Grzeda, Alexander von Gontard, Anne Wright, Carol Joinson
OBJECTIVES: To identify different patterns (trajectories) of childhood urinary incontinence and examine which patterns are associated with bladder and bowel symptoms in adolescence. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: General community. PARTICIPANTS: The starting sample included 8751 children (4507 men and 4244 women) with parent-reported data on frequency of bedwetting and daytime wetting for at least three of five time points (4½, 5½, 6½, 7½ and 9½ years-hereafter referred to as 4-9 years)...
March 14, 2017: BMJ Open
Caoimhe McKenna, Catherine Law, Anna Pearce
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of evidence associating financial strain (FS) with poor health but most of this research has been cross-sectional and adult-focused. During the 'Great Recession' many UK households experienced increased FS. The primary aim of this study was to determine the impact of increased FS on child health. METHODS: We analysed the Millennium Cohort Study, a longitudinal study of children born in the UK between 2000 and 2002. Surveys at 7 years (T1, 2008) and 11 years (T2, 2012) spanned the 'Great Recession'...
March 9, 2017: BMJ Open
Thomson T Tai, Brent T Tai, Yu-Jun Chang, Kuo-Hsuan Huang
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the factors influencing parents seeking reasonable managements for their child and their overall outlook toward primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE). STUDY DESIGN: We recruited 93 children with PNE from enuresis clinics and requested their parents to complete questionnaires regarding their child's medical history and behavior, their methods for coping with PNE, and their perception of enuresis. Logistic regression models were applied to investigate factors influencing the parents to adopt a positive approach toward enuresis and to subsequently seek a medical consultation...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Mariusz T Grzeda, Jon Heron, Alexander von Gontard, Carol Joinson
To examine whether daytime wetting and bedwetting urinary incontinence (UI) in childhood and adolescence are associated with psychosocial problems in adolescence. We used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children to examine the association between trajectories of UI from 4 to 9 years and self-reported psychosocial problems in adolescence (13-14 years) including depressive symptoms, peer victimisation, poor self-image and school experiences (negative perception of school and teachers, problems with peer relationships)...
December 10, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Bahman Salehi, Parsa Yousefichaijan, Mohammad Rafeei, Mahssa Mostajeran
BACKGROUND: Nocturnal enuresis, often called bedwetting or sleep wetting, is a common problem in children after the age of five and may lead to symptoms such as infection, incontinence and frequent urination. This problem refers to a state in which children after the age of five have no control of their urine for six continuous months and it cannot be attributed to any organic factors or drug use. OBJECTIVES: In this study we aimed to study generalized anxiety disorder as one of the possible causes of primary nocturnal enuresis...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Matthew C Ferroni, Rajeev Chaudhry, Bing Shen, Christopher J Chermansky, Glenn M Cannon, Francis X Schneck, Michael C Ost, Changfeng Tai, Heidi A Stephany
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a novel at-home approach to electrical foot stimulation of peripheral tibial nerve branches on the frequency of nocturnal enuresis episodes in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children aged 5 to 18 having 2 or more bedwetting episodes per week for at least 3 consecutive months were eligible. The study was a total of 6 weeks. Participants completed a baseline nighttime voiding diary during the first 2 weeks. This was followed by 2 weeks of foot stimulation for 60 minutes each night...
October 25, 2016: Urology
Ersan Arda, Basri Cakiroglu, David T Thomas
CONTEXT: Nocturnal enuresis or bedwetting is the most common type of urinary incontinence in children. It has significant psychological effects on both the child and the family. Enuresis nocturna is defined as the inability to hold urine during the night in children who have completed toilet training. It is termed as being "primary" if no continence has ever been achieved or "secondary if it follows at least 6 months of dry nights. The aim of this review was to assemble the pathophysiological background and general information about nocturnal enuresis...
July 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
Harshal Sathe, Sagar Karia, Avinash De Sousa, Nilesh Shah
Obsessive compulsive symptoms have been reported in frontal lobe tumours and basal ganglia lesions. We report herewith a case of an adolescent who had a vermian cystic mass for which he underwent excision surgery. Three months postsurgery family members noticed that he started with repeated hand washing and abnormal walking pattern. Also, he developed bedwetting in sleep at night. He was given clinical diagnosis of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Nocturnal enuresis following a cerebellar mass removal which improved with fluoxetine and impiramine respectively...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Carol Joinson, Sarah Sullivan, Alexander von Gontard, Jon Heron
OBJECTIVE : To examine whether early stressful events are associated with developmental trajectories of bedwetting.  METHODS : This is a prospective cohort study comprising 8,761 participants from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Stressful events were measured using a maternal questionnaire completed at 3 time points before their child was 4 years old. The association between stressful events and trajectories of bedwetting from 4 to 9 years was examined using multinomial regression...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Eigil Instebø, Reidar P Lystad
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe the chiropractic management of an 8-year-old girl with nonorganic, primary nocturnal enuresis. CLINICAL FEATURES: An 8-year-old female patient presented to a chiropractic clinic with persistent nighttime bedwetting. The patient experienced enuresis, on average, 7 nights per week. The patient presented with no other comorbidities or complaints, such as low back or pelvic pain. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOMES: Chiropractic treatment included high-velocity, low-amplitude manipulation of the left sacroiliac joint over 3 visits...
March 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Azita Tavasoli, Shabnam Jalilolghadr, Shiva Lotfi
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate the sleep symptoms and polysomnographic patterns of obstructive sleep apnea in overweight and obese children. MATERIALS & METHODS: Overweight or obese children aging 6-18 yr old referred during 2010 to Endocrinology Clinic of Ghods Hospital in Ghazvin, central Iran were enrolled in the study. Polysomnography was done for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea and the BEARS and Children's Sleep Habits questionnaires were used to survey sleep behaviors...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Cacilda Andrade Sá, Ana Carolina Gusmão Paiva, Maria Clotilde Lima Bezerra de Menezes, Liliana Fajardo de Oliveira, Carlos Augusto Gomes, André Avarese de Figueiredo, José de Bessa, José Murillo B Netto
PURPOSE: Some parents blame their children for bedwetting and, therefore, punish them. This study aimed to assess the rate of punishment experienced by enuretic children and associated causative factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 87 children 6 to 15 years old with monosymptomatic enuresis were assessed individually. Parents answered the questions in the tolerance scale. The forms of punishment were classified as verbal, chastisement and physical aggression...
April 2016: Journal of Urology
Patrina H Y Caldwell, Premala Sureshkumar, Wicky C F Wong
BACKGROUND: Enuresis (bedwetting) affects up to 20% of five year-olds and 2% of adults. Although spontaneous remission often occurs, the social, emotional and psychological costs can be great. Tricyclics have been used to treat enuresis since the 1960s. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of tricyclic and related drugs compared with other interventions for treating children with enuresis. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Trials Register (containing trials identified from the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, MEDLINE in process, ClinicalTrials...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Hasmet Sarici, Onur Telli, Berat Cem Ozgur, Arif Demirbas, Senem Ozgur, Mehmet Ali Karagoz
OBJECTIVE: According to the ICCS definitions, enuresis is defined by an intermittent, wetting during sleep after organic causes have been ruled out with a minimum wetting frequency of once per month. Previous studies reported a prevalence rate of 9-12%. Eighty to 90% of enuresis cases are identified as primary enuresis and are based on genetic predisposition, biological and developmental factors. On the other hand, secondary enuresis frequently arises from psychological factors. In this study we aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of nocturnal enuresis (NE) among primary school children...
June 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Michael Myint, Ahmed Adam, Sampath Herath, Grahame Smith
INTRODUCTION: The proliferation of medical-type applications or 'apps' on smartphones is a typical example of the impact technology has had on medical practice. Maintaining a bladder diary is a recommended part of evaluating the effect of interventions for patients suffering from enuresis. Traditional pen-and-paper bladder diaries have poor completion rates, inconsistent patterns in data entry, and are deficient in validation. Electronic bladder diaries have been proposed to overcome these obstacles...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Chendrimada K Madhu, Hashim Hashim, Doyo Enki, Marcus J Drake
AIMS: The study aims to evaluate bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), risk factors, and associated functional abnormalities in women reporting adult onset secondary nocturnal enuresis (SNE), to help understand factors associated with SNE. METHODS: 12,795 women (age >18) attending a tertiary referral centre underwent a comprehensive standardized evaluation including urodynamic testing in accordance with the International Continence Society recommendations...
January 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Sarah Sullivan, Carol Joinson, Jon Heron
OBJECTIVE: To derive latent classes (longitudinal "phenotypes") of frequency of bedwetting from 4 to 9 years and to examine their association with developmental delay, parental history of bedwetting, length of gestation and birth weight. METHOD: The authors used data from 8,769 children from the U.K. Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children cohort. Mothers provided repeated reports on their child's frequency of bedwetting from 4 to 9 years. The authors used longitudinal latent class analysis to derive latent classes of bedwetting and examined their association with sex, developmental level at 18 months, parental history of wetting, birth weight, and gestational length...
November 2015: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Necmettin Penbegül, Hilmi Çelik, Yılmaz Palancı, Kadir Yıldırım, Murat Atar, Namık Kemal Hatipoğlu, Mehmet Nuri Bodakçı
OBJECTIVE: In this study, the prevalence of enuresis nocturna (EN) was investigated among primary school children living in Diyarbakır. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five primary schools in the center of Diyarbakir and a village primary school were selected randomly. Four thousand and five hundred self-administered questionnaires were distributed to parents; 4300 were returned, and 4203 of these questionnaires were included in this study. RESULTS: Of the children participating in the study, 52...
June 2013: Turkish Journal of Urology
Carol Joinson, Sarah Sullivan, Alexander von Gontard, Jon Heron
There is evidence for a link between psychological factors and bedwetting, but the direction of this association is unclear. Using data on 8769 children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, we examined whether difficult temperament (Toddler Temperament Scale at 24 months; Emotionality Activity Sociability Questionnaire at 38 months) and psychological problems (Revised Rutter Parent Scale for Preschool Children at 42 months) are linked to bedwetting at school age. We examined the association between these risk factors and different patterns of bedwetting from 4 to 9 years using multinomial regression...
May 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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