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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369514/a-workshop-to-promote-interprofessional-care
#1
Patrina Caldwell, Karen Scott, Marianne Kerr, Deborah O'Mara
BACKGROUND: Paediatric incontinence has traditionally been managed through a discipline-specific approach by doctors, nurses, physiotherapists and psychologists. We evaluated a workshop aiming to increase health professionals' knowledge, confidence and willingness to involve other health professionals when managing paediatric incontinence. METHODS: Our 1-day workshop focused on paediatric bedwetting, daytime incontinence, faecal incontinence and neurogenic bladder...
January 25, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228510/left-behind-and-left-out-the-impact-of-the-school-environment-on-young-people-with-continence-problems
#2
Katie Whale, Helen Cramer, Carol Joinson
OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of the secondary school environment on young people with continence problems. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative semi-structured interviews. METHODS: We interviewed 20 young people aged 11-19 years (11 female and nine male) with continence problems (daytime wetting, bedwetting, and/or soiling). Interviews were conducted by Skype (n = 11) and telephone (n = 9). Transcripts were analysed using inductive thematic analysis...
December 11, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217876/nocturnal-enuresis-in-india-are-we-diagnosing-and-managing-correctly
#3
REVIEW
N M Reddy, H Malve, R Nerli, P Venkatesh, I Agarwal, V Rege
Nocturnal enuresis is a common problem affecting school-aged children worldwide. Although it has significant impact on child's psychology, it is always under-recognized in India and considered as a condition which will outgrow with advancing age. Nocturnal enuresis classified as primary or secondary and monosymptomatic or nonmonosymptomatic. Factors that cause enuresis include genetic factors, bladder dysfunction, psychological factors, and inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, leading to nocturnal polyuria...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042374/-what-does-that-mean-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-primary-and-secondary-clinical-care-experiences-of-young-people-with-continence-problems-in-the-uk
#4
Katie Whale, Helen Cramer, Anne Wright, Caroline Sanders, Carol Joinson
OBJECTIVES: To explore the clinical care experiences of young people with continence problems. DESIGN: In-depth semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted by Skype and telephone, with the addition of art-based participatory research techniques. Transcripts were analysed using inductive thematic analysis. SETTING: Primary and secondary care in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: We interviewed 20 participants (9 females, 11 males) aged 11-20 years...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859721/cpap-treats-enuresis-in-adults-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#5
Robert P McInnis, Elisabeth B Dodds, Jami Johnsen, Sanford Auerbach, Yelena Pyatkevich
Enuresis, or "bedwetting," in children is associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and often resolves with treatment of OSA. However, it is poorly understood whether a similar relationship exists in adults. We describe a case series of 5 adult patients in whom OSA was diagnosed by laboratory polysomnography, who presented with enuresis that resolved after treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). All cases occurred in the setting of obesity, in addition to other known risk factors for urinary incontinence and enuresis...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710225/examining-the-effectiveness-of-parental-strategies-to-overcome-bedwetting-an-observational-cohort-study
#6
Mariusz T Grzeda, Jon Heron, Kate Tilling, Anne Wright, Carol Joinson
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a range of common strategies used by parents to overcome bedwetting in 7½-year-old children (including lifting, restricting drinks before bedtime, regular daytime toilet trips, rewards, showing displeasure and using protection pants) are effective in reducing the risk of bedwetting at 9½ years. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: General community. PARTICIPANTS: The starting sample included 1258 children (66...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634090/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-3-month-bladder-basic-advice-in-children-with-monosymptomatic-nocturnal-enuresis
#7
Marcin Tkaczyk, Michał Maternik, Anna Krakowska, Agnieszka Wosiak, Monika Miklaszewska, Katarzyna Zachwieja, Dariusz Runowski, Anna Jander, Dariusz Ratajczak, Agata Korzeniecka-Kozyrska, Izabella Mader-Wołyńska, Katarzyna Kiliś-Pstrusińska
INTRODUCTION: Advice (BBA) into the standards of patients' care in both monosymptomatic and non-monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. Although the idea of this recommendation was clear and reflects clinical experience, duration and efficacy have not been definitely established. Recent data have demonstrated the lack of efficacy of BBA and a fierce discussion has ensued. The present study was aimed to assess the efficacy of BBA in a group of previously untreated children with primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE)...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578441/prevalence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Tahani Al-Otaibi, Mansour Al-Qwaiee, Huda Faraidi, Fatima Batniji, Faisal Al-Otaibi, Adel Al-Harbi
To assess the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in Saudi children with sickle cell disease at a tertiary hospital in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) using nocturnal polysomnography. Methods: A prospective cross-section study was conducted between 2012 and 2016 in 65 children aged between 2-14 years at Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, KSA with sickle cell disease. Patients answered a pediatric sleep questionnaire with the help of an accompanying caregiver and underwent polysomnography in the same night...
June 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540894/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-effects-of-hydrochlorothiazide-on-overactive-bladder-and-idiopathic-hypercalciuria
#9
Parsa Yousefichaijan, Fatemeh Dorreh, Mohammad Rafiei, Mahdyieh Naziri, Atefeh Azimnejad
Overactive bladder is a stressful condition which affects around 15%-20% of 5- year-old and up to 2% of young adults. One of the most common causes of overactive bladder is hypercalciuria. Our study investigated the effect of hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) on overactive bladder and hypercalciuria. This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 88 patients with overactive bladder and idiopathic hypercalciuria. They were randomly divided into the intervention group receiving 1 mg/kg/day of HCTZ for 3 months, and the control group receiving training without any intervention...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511486/a-review-on-detection-and-treatment-methods-of-sleep-apnea
#10
REVIEW
Rajeswari Jayaraj, Jagannath Mohan, Adalarasu Kanagasabai
This paper presents a review on detection and treatment methods of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is the most common type of breathing-related sleep disorder. It manifests in a variety of behaviours from teeth grinding to night terrors as involuntary night-time events. The most common sleep disorders are narcolepsy, hypersomnia, sleep talking, sleep walking, and bedwetting. Sleep apnea (somnipathy) is a serious sleep disorder that pauses breathing while sleeping. Breathing pauses occur 30 times or more during sleep and it lasts for few seconds to minutes, when normal breathing starts after this pause...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441343/immune-stimulatory-effects-of-althaea-rosea-flower-extracts-through-the-mapk-signaling-pathway-in-raw264-7-cells
#11
Yon-Suk Kim, Eun-Kyung Kim, Weligala Pahalagedara Amila Srilal Nawarathna, Xin Dong, Woen-Bin Shin, Jin-Su Park, Sang-Ho Moon, Pyo-Jam Park
Althaea rosea (Linn.) is a medicinal plant from China and Korea that has been traditionally used to control inflammation, to stop bedwetting and as a mouthwash in cases of bleeding gums. Its flowers are employed medicinally for their emollient, demulcent and diuretic properties, which make them useful in chest complaints. Furthermore, a flower extract decoction is used to improve blood circulation, for the treatment of constipation, dysmenorrhoea, haemorrhages, etc. However, the possible mechanisms of the immune-stimulatory effect remains to be elucidated...
April 25, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292756/trajectories-of-urinary-incontinence-in-childhood-and-bladder-and-bowel-symptoms-in-adolescence-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Jon Heron, Mariusz T Grzeda, Alexander von Gontard, Anne Wright, Carol Joinson
OBJECTIVES: To identify different patterns (trajectories) of childhood urinary incontinence and examine which patterns are associated with bladder and bowel symptoms in adolescence. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: General community. PARTICIPANTS: The starting sample included 8751 children (4507 men and 4244 women) with parent-reported data on frequency of bedwetting and daytime wetting for at least three of five time points (4½, 5½, 6½, 7½ and 9½ years-hereafter referred to as 4-9 years)...
March 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280000/increased-household-financial-strain-the-great-recession-and-child-health-findings-from-the-uk-millennium-cohort-study
#13
Caoimhe McKenna, Catherine Law, Anna Pearce
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of evidence associating financial strain (FS) with poor health but most of this research has been cross-sectional and adult-focused. During the 'Great Recession' many UK households experienced increased FS. The primary aim of this study was to determine the impact of increased FS on child health. METHODS: We analysed the Millennium Cohort Study, a longitudinal study of children born in the UK between 2000 and 2002. Surveys at 7 years (T1, 2008) and 11 years (T2, 2012) spanned the 'Great Recession'...
March 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190701/parental-perception-and-factors-associated-with-treatment-strategies-for-primary-nocturnal-enuresis
#14
Thomson T Tai, Brent T Tai, Yu-Jun Chang, Kuo-Hsuan Huang
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the factors influencing parents seeking reasonable managements for their child and their overall outlook toward primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE). STUDY DESIGN: We recruited 93 children with PNE from enuresis clinics and requested their parents to complete questionnaires regarding their child's medical history and behavior, their methods for coping with PNE, and their perception of enuresis. Logistic regression models were applied to investigate factors influencing the parents to adopt a positive approach toward enuresis and to subsequently seek a medical consultation...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943057/effects-of-urinary-incontinence-on-psychosocial-outcomes-in-adolescence
#15
Mariusz T Grzeda, Jon Heron, Alexander von Gontard, Carol Joinson
To examine whether daytime wetting and bedwetting urinary incontinence (UI) in childhood and adolescence are associated with psychosocial problems in adolescence. We used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children to examine the association between trajectories of UI from 4 to 9 years and self-reported psychosocial problems in adolescence (13-14 years) including depressive symptoms, peer victimisation, poor self-image and school experiences (negative perception of school and teachers, problems with peer relationships)...
June 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822271/the-relationship-between-child-anxiety-related-disorders-and-primary-nocturnal-enuresis
#16
Bahman Salehi, Parsa Yousefichaijan, Mohammad Rafeei, Mahssa Mostajeran
BACKGROUND: Nocturnal enuresis, often called bedwetting or sleep wetting, is a common problem in children after the age of five and may lead to symptoms such as infection, incontinence and frequent urination. This problem refers to a state in which children after the age of five have no control of their urine for six continuous months and it cannot be attributed to any organic factors or drug use. OBJECTIVES: In this study we aimed to study generalized anxiety disorder as one of the possible causes of primary nocturnal enuresis...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793654/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-of-the-foot-results-of-a-novel-at-home-noninvasive-treatment-for-nocturnal-enuresis-in-children
#17
Matthew C Ferroni, Rajeev Chaudhry, Bing Shen, Christopher J Chermansky, Glenn M Cannon, Francis X Schneck, Michael C Ost, Changfeng Tai, Heidi A Stephany
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a novel at-home approach to electrical foot stimulation of peripheral tibial nerve branches on the frequency of nocturnal enuresis episodes in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children aged 5 to 18 having 2 or more bedwetting episodes per week for at least 3 consecutive months were eligible. The study was a total of 6 weeks. Participants completed a baseline nighttime voiding diary during the first 2 weeks. This was followed by 2 weeks of foot stimulation for 60 minutes each night...
October 25, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703953/primary-nocturnal-enuresis-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Ersan Arda, Basri Cakiroglu, David T Thomas
CONTEXT: Nocturnal enuresis or bedwetting is the most common type of urinary incontinence in children. It has significant psychological effects on both the child and the family. Enuresis nocturna is defined as the inability to hold urine during the night in children who have completed toilet training. It is termed as being "primary" if no continence has ever been achieved or "secondary if it follows at least 6 months of dry nights. The aim of this review was to assemble the pathophysiological background and general information about nocturnal enuresis...
July 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437334/obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-an-adolescent-appearing-after-cerebellar-vermian-mass-resection
#19
Harshal Sathe, Sagar Karia, Avinash De Sousa, Nilesh Shah
Obsessive compulsive symptoms have been reported in frontal lobe tumours and basal ganglia lesions. We report herewith a case of an adolescent who had a vermian cystic mass for which he underwent excision surgery. Three months postsurgery family members noticed that he started with repeated hand washing and abnormal walking pattern. Also, he developed bedwetting in sleep at night. He was given clinical diagnosis of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Nocturnal enuresis following a cerebellar mass removal which improved with fluoxetine and impiramine respectively...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27072719/stressful-events-in-early-childhood-and-developmental-trajectories-of-bedwetting-at-school-age
#20
Carol Joinson, Sarah Sullivan, Alexander von Gontard, Jon Heron
OBJECTIVE : To examine whether early stressful events are associated with developmental trajectories of bedwetting.  METHODS : This is a prospective cohort study comprising 8,761 participants from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Stressful events were measured using a maternal questionnaire completed at 3 time points before their child was 4 years old. The association between stressful events and trajectories of bedwetting from 4 to 9 years was examined using multinomial regression...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
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