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Continence promotion and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163434/neglected-australian-arboviruses-and-undifferentiated-febrile-illness-addressing-public-health-challenges-arising-from-the-developing-northern-australia-government-policy
#1
Narayan Gyawali, Richard S Bradbury, John G Aaskov, Andrew W Taylor-Robinson
The Australian Government is currently promoting the development of Northern Australia, with an associated increase in the local population. Consequent to this is the public health threat posed by heightened human exposure to many previously neglected arboviruses that are indigenous to the region. This initiative to support economic activity in the tropical north of the continent is leading to the accelerated expansion of an infection-naïve human population into hitherto un-encountered ecosystems inhabited by reservoir animals and vectors for these arboviruses...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155274/polysaccharides-from-the-south-african-medicinal-plant-artemisia-afra-structure-and-activity-studies
#2
Paula Marie Braünlich, Kari Tvete Inngjerdingen, Marit Inngjerdingen, Quinton Johnson, Berit Smestad Paulsen, Wilfred Mabusela
Artemisia afra (Jacq. Ex. Willd), is an indigenous plant in South Africa and other parts of the African continent, where it is used as traditional medicine mostly for respiratory conditions. The objective of this study was to investigate the structural features of the polysaccharides from the leaves of this plant, as well as the biological activities of the polysaccharide fractions against the complement assay. Leaves of Artemisia afra were extracted sequentially with organic solvents (dichloromethane and methanol), 50% aqueous ethanol, and water at 50 and 100°C respectively...
November 15, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083460/language-sensitivity-the-respect-model-and-continuing-education
#3
Dawn M Aycock, Traci T Sims, Terri Florman, Karis T Casseus, Paula M Gordon, Regena G Spratling
Some words and phrases used by health care providers may be perceived as insensitive by patients, which could negatively affect patient outcomes and satisfaction. However, a distinct concept that can be used to describe and synthesize these words and phrases does not exist. The purpose of this article is to propose the concept of language sensitivity, defined as the use of respectful, supportive, and caring words with consideration for a patient's situation and diagnosis. Examples of how language sensitivity may be lacking in nurse-patient interactions are described, and solutions are provided using the RESPECT (Rapport, Environment/Equipment, Safety, Privacy, Encouragement, Caring/Compassion, and Tact) model...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081552/contraceptive-practice-in-sub-saharan-africa
#4
Amy O Tsui, Win Brown, Qingfeng Li
Forty eight of the African continent's 54 sovereign states are located in the Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) region, with the government of each defining and shaping its own health services and delivery systems. This paper reviews the trends and patterns of contraceptive practice in the region. Using survey data available from the Demographic and Health Surveys and Performance Monitoring and Accountability 2020, the study finds modern contraceptive practice to be on the rise overall but with much geographic variation...
May 2017: Population and Development Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073918/a-first-description-of-the-colombian-national-registry-for-rare-diseases
#5
Heidi Eliana Mateus, Ana María Pérez, Martha Lucía Mesa, Germán Escobar, Jubby Marcela Gálvez, José Ivo Montaño, Martha Lucía Ospina, Paul Laissue
OBJECTIVE: Orphan diseases must be considered a public health concern, underlying country-specific challenges for their accurate and opportune diagnosis, classification and management. Orphan disease registries have not yet been created in South America, a continent having a population of ~ 415 million inhabitants. In Colombia ~ 3 million of patients are affected by rare diseases. The aim of the present study was to establish the first Colombian national registry for rare diseases. The registry was created after the establishment of laws promoting the development of clinical guidelines for diagnosis, management, census and registry of patients suffering rare diseases...
October 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954182/strategies-for-effective-facilitation-as-a-component-of-an-evidence-based-clinical-fellowship-program
#6
Lucylynn Lizarondo, Alexa McArthur
Clinical fellowships are a common means to provide health practitioners with professional development and education, including training for research and evidence-based practice. The Joanna Briggs Institute offers a clinical fellowship program as part of its strategy to promote evidence-based health care. A key aspect of the Joanna Briggs Institute clinical fellowship program is facilitation. This article aims to outline some practical tips for effective facilitation as it is applied in a clinical fellowship program aimed to promote evidence implementation...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950866/public-and-patient-involvement-in-needs-assessment-and-social-innovation-a-people-centred-approach-to-care-and-research-for-congenital-disorders-of-glycosylation
#7
Cláudia de Freitas, Vanessa Dos Reis, Susana Silva, Paula A Videira, Eva Morava, Jaak Jaeken
BACKGROUND: Public and patient involvement in the design of people-centred care and research is vital for communities whose needs are underserved, as are people with rare diseases. Innovations devised collectively by patients, caregivers, professionals and other members of the public can foster transformative change toward more responsive services and research. However, attempts to involve lay and professional stakeholders in devising community-framed strategies to address the unmet needs of rare diseases are lacking...
September 26, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854106/mosquito-vector-biology-and-control-in-latin-america-a-27th-symposium
#8
Lee W Cohnstaedt, Catalina Alfonso-Parra, Ildefonso Fernandez-Salas
The 27th Annual Latin American Symposium presented by the American Mosquito Control Association (AMCA) was held as part of the 83rd Annual Meeting of the AMCA in San Diego, CA, in February 2017. The Latin American Symposia promote the participation of vector control specialists, public health workers, and academicians from Latin America and the sharing of data between continents. Generally, presentations are in Spanish and simultaneously translated in English, although the majority of PowerPoint slides are in English so all meeting attendees can understand the content...
September 2017: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803558/global-comparison-of-national-individual-food-consumption-surveys-as-a-basis-for-health-research-and-integration-in-national-health-surveillance-programmes
#9
Inge Huybrechts, Elom K Aglago, Amy Mullee, Willem De Keyzer, Catherine Leclercq, Pauline Allemand, Agnieszka Balcerzak, Francis B Zotor, Marc J Gunter
Individual food consumption surveys (IFCS) are performed to evaluate compliance with food/nutrient intake requirements or exposure to potential harmful dietary contaminants/components. In this review, we inventoried methods and designs used in national IFCS and discussed the methodologies applied across countries. Literature searches were performed using fixed sets of search terms in different online databases. We identified IFCS in thirty-nine countries from six world continents. National IFCS systems are available in most of the high-income countries, while such surveys are scarce in low- and middle-income countries (e...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658499/learning-to-use-motivational-interviewing-effectively-modules
#10
Ruth Widder
Motivational interviewing (MI) is used by a variety of professionals to help clients to develop motivation for lifestyle changes and has been shown to be an effective way to induce health-promoting activities. Education of health professionals in MI communication techniques can be done many ways, including attending a seminar and completing online classes. In a review of the literature, support was found for a variety of methods. Miller and Moyers described eight steps to MI education that were used to formulate two modules for nurses and exercise physiologists in a cardiac rehabilitation department, as described in this article...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658495/recommendations-for-promoting-quality-and-safety-in-health-care-systems
#11
Ann M Stalter, Altagracia Mota
Are you a nurse leader or professional development practitioner in a health care facility? This article provides recommendations to promote quality and safety education with a focus on systems thinking awareness among direct care nurses. A key point is error prevention, which requires a shared effort among all nurses. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2017;48(7):295-297.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484345/ten-steps-to-improve-quality-of-the-journal-materia-socio-medica
#12
EDITORIAL
Doncho M Donev, Izet Masic
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Materia Socio-Medica is one of the oldest public health journals in Europe, established in 1978, and among the most important journals for public health in South-Eastern Europe. The Journal covers all important public health professional, academic and research areas in this field. The aim of the paper is to analyze the journal articles and statistical facts in 2016 and to point out the directions for action and planned further activities for improving the quality of the published papers and visibility of the journal...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442175/reframing-continence-care-in-care-dependence
#13
Joan Ostaszkiewicz
International guidelines promote active investigation and treatment of incontinence; however, these guidelines do not fully accommodate the psychosocial aspects associated with providing continence care i.e. the caregiving dynamics. The author developed a new framework that aims to support nurses and care workers in their efforts to identify and meet the continence care needs of individuals with complex health conditions who are dependent on another person for assistance to manage incontinence or to maintain continence...
April 23, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405336/european-digestive-health-summit-experts-call-for-improved-promotion-of-prevention-and-treatment-methods-for-gastrointestinal-diseases-across-the-continent
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337491/meeting-report-unesco-merck-africa-research-summit-2015-accelerating-access-and-sustaining-innovation-from-africa-for-africa
#15
R W Omange, A O Ocholla, A O Kwallah, S N Kageha, J Mwangi, R K Cherutich, Odeny T A, T Nzomo, S Angwenyi, P Yonga, F Kariuki, M Kyalo, P C Mutai, F Nindo, E M Songok
BACKGROUND: The Ebola virus disease outbreak of 2014 was the largest, longest and most devastating in the history of the disease. It demonstrated the social and economic impact an emerging infectious disease can have in a globalized world. Health systems in affected countries were stretched to the point of near collapse, while social relations and traditional practices were negatively impacted. Heads of African research institutions, African government representatives, leaders of global pharmaceutical companies, global infectious disease experts and close to 100 young African researchers from 25 countries; Assembled in Geneva on 19 and 20th October 2015, for the inaugural UNESCO-Merck Africa Summit sponsored by the United Nations Educational, Science and Culture Organization and Merck KGA...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299591/dealing-with-the-other-between-the-ethical-and-the-moral-albinism-on-the-african-continent
#16
Elvis Imafidon
Albinism is a global public health issue but it assumes a peculiar nature in the African continent due, in part, to the social stigma faced by persons with albinism (PWAs) in Africa. I argue that there are two essential reasons for this precarious situation. First, in the African consciousness, albinism is an alterity or otherness. The PWA in Africa is not merely a physical other but also an ontological other in the African community of beings, which provides a hermeneutic for the stigmatising separateness or difference of the PWA...
April 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253421/internationally-educated-nurses-in-transition-in-the-united-states-challenges-and-mediators
#17
Marlene M Rosenkoetter, Deena Nardi, Marilyn Bowcutt
International migration has doubled worldwide since 1970, and nurses are increasingly becoming a part of this trend. In 2008, approximately 5.6% of RN positions were filled by nurses educated in other countries. One of the critical issues is the transition of these immigrated nurses to the U.S. health care system and acculturation in a new society. Continuing education is necessary to promote adjustment and provide for a successful transition while ensuring quality patient care. The life patterns model provides a framework to describe the challenges and potential mediators in the transition process...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165878/vaccinations-in-migrants-and-refugees-a-challenge-for-european-health-systems-a-systematic-review-of-current-scientific-evidence
#18
REVIEW
Daniele Mipatrini, Paola Stefanelli, Santino Severoni, Giovanni Rezza
The decline of immunization rates in countries of origin of migrants and refugees, along with risky conditions during the journey to Europe, may threaten migrants' health. We performed a systematic review of the scientific literature in order to assess the frequency of vaccine preventable diseases, and vaccination coverage among migrants and refugees in Europe. To this end, Medline and Cochrane databases were considered. After the screening and the selection process, 58 papers were included in the review. We focused on the following vaccine-preventable diseases: hepatitis B, measles, rubella, mumps, tetanus, poliomyelitis, pertussis, diphtheria, meningitis, and varicella...
March 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974170/getting-it-right-the-first-time-defining-regionally-relevant-training-curricula-and-provider-core-competencies-for-point-of-care-ultrasound-education-on-the-african-continent
#19
Margaret Salmon, Megan Landes, Cheryl Hunchak, Justin Paluku, Luc Malemo Kalisya, Christian Salmon, Mundenga Mutendi Muller, Benjamin Wachira, James Mangan, Kajal Chhaganlal, Joseph Kalanzi, Aklilu Azazh, Sara Berman, El-Sayed Zied, Hein Lamprecht
Significant evidence identifies point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) as an important diagnostic and therapeutic tool in resource-limited settings. Despite this evidence, local health care providers on the African continent continue to have limited access to and use of ultrasound, even in potentially high-impact fields such as obstetrics and trauma. Dedicated postgraduate emergency medicine residency training programs now exist in 8 countries, yet no current consensus exists in regard to core PoCUS competencies...
February 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918777/global-regional-and-national-cancer-incidence-mortality-years-of-life-lost-years-lived-with-disability-and-disability-adjusted-life-years-for-32-cancer-groups-1990-to-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#20
Christina Fitzmaurice, Christine Allen, Ryan M Barber, Lars Barregard, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Hermann Brenner, Daniel J Dicker, Odgerel Chimed-Orchir, Rakhi Dandona, Lalit Dandona, Tom Fleming, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Jamie Hancock, Roderick J Hay, Rachel Hunter-Merrill, Chantal Huynh, H Dean Hosgood, Catherine O Johnson, Jost B Jonas, Jagdish Khubchandani, G Anil Kumar, Michael Kutz, Qing Lan, Heidi J Larson, Xiaofeng Liang, Stephen S Lim, Alan D Lopez, Michael F MacIntyre, Laurie Marczak, Neal Marquez, Ali H Mokdad, Christine Pinho, Farshad Pourmalek, Joshua A Salomon, Juan Ramon Sanabria, Logan Sandar, Benn Sartorius, Stephen M Schwartz, Katya A Shackelford, Kenji Shibuya, Jeff Stanaway, Caitlyn Steiner, Jiandong Sun, Ken Takahashi, Stein Emil Vollset, Theo Vos, Joseph A Wagner, Haidong Wang, Ronny Westerman, Hajo Zeeb, Leo Zoeckler, Foad Abd-Allah, Muktar Beshir Ahmed, Samer Alabed, Noore K Alam, Saleh Fahed Aldhahri, Girma Alem, Mulubirhan Assefa Alemayohu, Raghib Ali, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Azmeraw Amare, Yaw Amoako, Al Artaman, Hamid Asayesh, Niguse Atnafu, Ashish Awasthi, Huda Ba Saleem, Aleksandra Barac, Neeraj Bedi, Isabela Bensenor, Adugnaw Berhane, Eduardo Bernabé, Balem Betsu, Agnes Binagwaho, Dube Boneya, Ismael Campos-Nonato, Carlos Castañeda-Orjuela, Ferrán Catalá-López, Peggy Chiang, Chioma Chibueze, Abdulaal Chitheer, Jee-Young Choi, Benjamin Cowie, Solomon Damtew, José das Neves, Suhojit Dey, Samath Dharmaratne, Preet Dhillon, Eric Ding, Tim Driscoll, Donatus Ekwueme, Aman Yesuf Endries, Maryam Farvid, Farshad Farzadfar, Joao Fernandes, Florian Fischer, Tsegaye Tewelde G/Hiwot, Alemseged Gebru, Sameer Gopalani, Alemayehu Hailu, Masako Horino, Nobuyuki Horita, Abdullatif Husseini, Inge Huybrechts, Manami Inoue, Farhad Islami, Mihajlo Jakovljevic, Spencer James, Mehdi Javanbakht, Sun Ha Jee, Amir Kasaeian, Muktar Sano Kedir, Yousef S Khader, Young-Ho Khang, Daniel Kim, James Leigh, Shai Linn, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Reza Malekzadeh, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Wagner Marcenes, Desalegn Markos, Yohannes A Melaku, Kidanu G Meles, Walter Mendoza, Desalegn Tadese Mengiste, Tuomo J Meretoja, Ted R Miller, Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad, Alireza Mohammadi, Shafiu Mohammed, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Gabriele Nagel, Devina Nand, Quyen Le Nguyen, Sandra Nolte, Felix A Ogbo, Kelechi E Oladimeji, Eyal Oren, Mahesh Pa, Eun-Kee Park, David M Pereira, Dietrich Plass, Mostafa Qorbani, Amir Radfar, Anwar Rafay, Mahfuzar Rahman, Saleem M Rana, Kjetil Søreide, Maheswar Satpathy, Monika Sawhney, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Masood Ali Shaikh, Jun She, Ivy Shiue, Hirbo Roba Shore, Mark G Shrime, Samuel So, Samir Soneji, Vasiliki Stathopoulou, Konstantinos Stroumpoulis, Muawiyyah Babale Sufiyan, Bryan L Sykes, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Fentaw Tadese, Bemnet Amare Tedla, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, J S Thakur, Bach Xuan Tran, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja, Benjamin S Chudi Uzochukwu, Vasiliy Victorovich Vlassov, Elisabete Weiderpass, Mamo Wubshet Terefe, Henock Gebremedhin Yebyo, Hassen Hamid Yimam, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Z Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Zoubida Zaidi, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Zerihun Menlkalew Zenebe, Christopher J L Murray, Mohsen Naghavi
Importance: Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Current estimates on the burden of cancer are needed for cancer control planning. Objective: To estimate mortality, incidence, years lived with disability (YLDs), years of life lost (YLLs), and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 32 cancers in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015. Evidence Review: Cancer mortality was estimated using vital registration system data, cancer registry incidence data (transformed to mortality estimates using separately estimated mortality to incidence [MI] ratios), and verbal autopsy data...
April 1, 2017: JAMA Oncology
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