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Paediatric incontinence

Ann M Costigan, Stephanie Orr, Abdulrahman E Alshafei, Brice A Antao
BACKGROUND: Bowel management is a term used to describe a medical approach to the management of faecal incontinence. AIMS: To present the outcomes of an individualised bowel management programme developed by a tertiary paediatric centre and evaluate contributory factors for successful bowel management in children. METHODS: A retrospective review of children attending a bowel management clinic in a tertiary centre in Dublin, Ireland, over 5 years (2010-2015)...
May 3, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
M Bogdanska, A Morris, J M Hutson, Y Heloury, S R Grover
BACKGROUND: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is an autosomal recessive condition resulting in excess androgen production. Females are typically born with ambiguous genitalia and often undergo feminising genitoplasty in infancy or childhood. Recently, there has been considerable international debate as to whether distressing urinary symptoms in CAH patients are truly present and, if so, whether these urinary problems are a consequence of the feminising genitoplasty. OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess any urinary symptoms in an Australian cohort of adolescent and adult women with CAH who have undergone feminising genitoplasty in infancy, childhood or adolescence as a part of their management...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Patrina Caldwell, Karen Scott, Marianne Kerr, Deborah O'Mara
BACKGROUND: Paediatric incontinence has traditionally been managed through a discipline-specific approach by doctors, nurses, physiotherapists and psychologists. We evaluated a workshop aiming to increase health professionals' knowledge, confidence and willingness to involve other health professionals when managing paediatric incontinence. METHODS: Our 1-day workshop focused on paediatric bedwetting, daytime incontinence, faecal incontinence and neurogenic bladder...
January 25, 2018: Clinical Teacher
Katie Whale, Helen Cramer, Carol Joinson
OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of the secondary school environment on young people with continence problems. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative semi-structured interviews. METHODS: We interviewed 20 young people aged 11-19 years (11 female and nine male) with continence problems (daytime wetting, bedwetting, and/or soiling). Interviews were conducted by Skype (n = 11) and telephone (n = 9). Transcripts were analysed using inductive thematic analysis...
December 11, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
Patrina H Y Caldwell, Melissa Lim, Gail Nankivell
Enuresis (intermittent urinary incontinence during sleep in a child aged ≥ 5 years) is commonly seen in paediatric practice. Despite the availability of effective interventions, treatment resistance is encountered in up to 50% of children. In this educational review we attempt to provide insight into the causes of treatment resistance, and offer practical suggestions for addressing this condition using an interprofessional approach. We explore the pathophysiology of and standard treatments for enuresis and discuss why standard treatments may fail...
November 6, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Ahmed-Ramadan Sadek, Christopher Dare, Stephen McGillion, Ali Nader-Sepahi, Vasileios Skiadas
Calcific discitis is a well recognized entity in the paediatric population but more recently has been increasingly reported in adults. It typically involves the lower thoracic vertebrae and is of unknown aetiology. Herniation of the calcified fragment is rare but typically occurs out through the annulus fibrosus into the canal space. Herein we describe the first reported case of calcific discitis involving the lumbar vertebrae with subsequent herniation of the calcified disc into and through the anterior aspect of the L5 vertebra...
October 26, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Patrick Opoku Manu Maison, John Lazarus
BACKGROUND: If untreated, paediatric neurogenic bladder can cause renal failure and urinary incontinence. It is usually caused by neural tube defects such as myelomeningocele. Children with a neurogenic bladder should be monitored from birth and management should aim to preserve renal function and achieve social continence. This article outlines the management options appropriate for these children in resource-poor settings. ASSESSMENT: In most low- and middle-income countries, a general lack of awareness of the neurological effects on the urinary tract results in late presentation, usually with urological complications even when spina bifida is diagnosed early...
November 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
Janet Chase, Lewina Schrale
Little research has been undertaken regarding pelvic floor muscle function and dysfunction in children. Apart from dysfunctional voiding, whether specific dysfunction of these muscles contributes to different types of childhood incontinence is not documented. The two areas of practice, that is adult and paediatric incontinence, are quite different; nevertheless, there may be lessons to be learned from the extensive work done in pelvic floor dysfunction and rehabilitation in adults. In this paper key points regarding pelvic floor muscle function and dysfunction in adults, and lessons that can be learned from how studies are reported and how muscle function is measured are presented...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Ingrid Jönson Ring, Tryggve Nevéus, Agneta Markström, Kristina Arnrup, Farhan Bazargani
AIM: There have not been any continence-specific measurement tools in Swedish that have allowed clinicians to investigate the quality of life (QoL) in children with bladder dysfunction. This study evaluated the QoL in Swedish children with nocturnal enuresis and tested the reliability of a Swedish translation of the Paediatric Incontinence Questionnaire (PinQ). METHODS: This prospective study comprised 46 children aged six to 18 years with nocturnal enuresis, who completed the PinQ after it was translated into Swedish...
May 2017: Acta Paediatrica
Jeroen R Scheepe, Bertil F M Blok, Lisette A 't Hoen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to provide an overview about the applicability of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in paediatric neurogenic bladder based on the recently published literature combined with hypothetical notes and future perspectives. RECENT FINDINGS: The indications, clinical outcomes, urodynamic outcome parameters and cost-effectiveness are presented from recent publications. Also, alternative routes of application of BTX-A in the bladder are discussed as well as the influence of BTX-A on conservative and invasive treatment...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
Donald Newgreen, Brigitte Bosman, Adriana Hollestein-Havelaar, Ellen Dahler, Robin Besuyen, Will Sawyer, Stéphane Bolduc, Søren Rittig
BACKGROUND: Solifenacin, an effective, well-tolerated treatment for adult overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms, has not been evaluated in placebo-controlled paediatric clinical trials. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of once-daily oral solifenacin suspension in OAB patients aged 5-<12 yr (children) and 12-<18 yr (adolescents). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The study involved a 4-wk urotherapy run-in followed by 1:1 randomisation to 12-wk double-blind solifenacin or placebo treatment alongside urotherapy...
March 2017: European Urology
Prashant Sadashiv Patil, Abhaya Gupta, Paras L Kothari, Geeta Kekre, Rahul Gupta, Vishesh Dikshit, Kedar Mudkhedkar, Krishna Kesan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze immediate and long-term results of lipomeningomyelocele (LMM) repair in asymptomatic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients of LMM presented to Department of Paediatric Surgery over a period from 2011 to 2015 were evaluated preoperatively by magnetic resonance imaging of whole spine, and pre- and post-operative Ultrasound of kidney, ureter, bladder, and neurosonogram. Surgical procedure involved total excision of lipoma in 15 patients and near total excision in 2 patients...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Mohamed Ouladsaiad
BACKGROUND: How to manage a late diagnosed Hirschsprung's disease (HD) and how to avoid calibre discrepancy? SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of all patients diagnosed with HD over 2 years in our hospital from January 2009 to December 2012. Data were analysed for clinical presentations, investigations, surgical procedures and post-operative outcome. RESULTS: Fifteen patients, operated by one single surgeon, were included in this study...
April 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Sarah H M Reuvers, Joop van den Hoek, Bertil F M Blok, Telma C de Oliveira Barbosa, Katja P Wolffenbuttel, Jeroen R Scheepe
AIMS: To evaluate the long-term outcome of appendicovesicostomies and to present the frequency and timing of complications needing re-intervention. METHODS: In this retrospective study we included patients in whom an appendicovesicostomy was created at our institution between 1993 and 2011. Patients with a follow-up less than 1 year were excluded. Patient characteristics and conduit-related complications requiring re-intervention were collected. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-eight patients were included with mean age at initial surgery of 10...
June 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Helena Öborn, Lena Wettergren, Maria Herthelius, Ulla Forinder
AIM: Little is known about the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of children with lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). We investigated LUTD and other possible predictors of impaired HRQoL in children with conservatively treated moderate-to-severe CKD or with a kidney transplant. METHODS: All 64 children with CKD or a kidney transplant treated at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, between June 2011 and December 2012 were approached and 59 children aged 8-18 were enrolled in the study...
August 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Line Modin, Ida Skytte Jakobsen, Marianne Skytte Jakobsen
AIM: Constipation studies have only evaluated behavioural difficulties in children with faecal incontinence. This study evaluated changes in behavioural difficulties in childhood with functional constipation (FC) with and without faecal incontinence, based on treatment outcomes. METHODS: Children aged five to 16 years who fulfilled the Rome III criteria for FC received conventional treatment. The Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire was completed at inclusion and at the 12-month follow-up...
June 2016: Acta Paediatrica
R Chimenz, S Manti, C Fede, G Stroscio, C Visalli, A Nicotera, G Di Rosa, A C Romeo, V Salpietro, C Cuppari
Nocturnal enuresis is defined as intermittent urinary incontinence during sleep that occurs at least twice a week for three consecutive months. There is no unifying etiology for nocturnal enuresis in the pediatric population and the disorder is likely to be multifactorial. We aimed to investigate the relationship between primary nocturnal enuresis, allergic rhinitis, and related complications in a paediatric case series from a single Center. We retrospectively reviewed and prospectively followed-up at our Institution (i) 32 children (14 females, 18 males; mean age 6...
April 2015: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Michael Myint, Ahmed Adam, Sampath Herath, Grahame Smith
INTRODUCTION: The proliferation of medical-type applications or 'apps' on smartphones is a typical example of the impact technology has had on medical practice. Maintaining a bladder diary is a recommended part of evaluating the effect of interventions for patients suffering from enuresis. Traditional pen-and-paper bladder diaries have poor completion rates, inconsistent patterns in data entry, and are deficient in validation. Electronic bladder diaries have been proposed to overcome these obstacles...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
P Midrio, G Mosiello, E Ausili, P Gamba, A Marte, L Lombardi, B D Iacobelli, E Caponcelli, S Marrello, M Meroni, G Brisighelli, E Leva, C Rendeli
AIM: In paediatric and adult patients with neurogenic bowel, transanal irrigation (TAI) of the colon has gained popularity due to the introduction of a specifically designed device. The aim of this pilot study was to present the results of TAI using the Peristeen(®) TAI system in a group of paediatric patients with anorectal malformation (ARM) and congenital or acquired spinal cord lesions (SCLs). METHOD: Eight Italian paediatric surgery and spina bifida centres participated in the study...
January 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Fatemeh Farahmand, Aidin Abedi, Mohammad Reza Esmaeili-Dooki, Rozita Jalilian, Sanaz Mehrabani Tabari
INTRODUCTION: Functional constipation (FC) is one of the most common gastrointestinal problems among children. This study was designed to investigate the effectiveness of pelvic floor muscle exercise on treatment of FC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study which was conducted in Children's Medical Center, children with a diagnosis of FC (aged 4-18 y) who did not respond to medical treatment, performed sessions of pelvic floor muscle exercise at home twice a day for 8 wk...
June 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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