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Adult incontinence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339852/relationship-between-back-pain-and-urinary-incontinence-in-the-canadian-population
#1
Tanner Cassidy, Amanda Fortin, Stephanie Kaczmer, Jessica T L Shumaker, Jessica Szeto, Stéphanie J Madill
Background: Back problems and urinary incontinence (UI) have been found to co-occur more frequently than would be predicted by chance. Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the associations between UI and back problems in the Canadian men and women. Design: This was an observational, cross-sectional study. Methods: The 2011-2012 Statistics Canada Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) provided the data. The CCHS surveyed 125,645 adults providing a representative sample of the Canadian population...
March 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318909/-female-urinary-incontinence-an-update
#2
C González-Ruiz de León, M L Pérez-Haro, A Jalón-Monzón, J García-Rodríguez
The urinary incontinence is a highly prevalent symptom in the adult female population. It has important psychosocial and economic connotations, and affects the quality of life of these patients. As it is an under-diagnosed problem due to patients not always consulting for it, it is very important to keep this in mind and to provide an opportunistic screening from Primary Health Care. It is difficult to determine the costs of this, but it is estimated to be the 2% of the health budget. Because of all of this, it is very important to know how to make a correct diagnose of this condition, to determine the different types of incontinence, possible causes, and treatments available...
March 16, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303978/fistulotomy-versus-fistulectomy-for-simple-fistula-in-ano-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Ghulam Murtaza, Fareed Ahmed Shaikh, Tabish Chawla, Batool Urooj Rajput, Noman Shahzad, Sumaiya Ansari
OBJECTIVE: To compare fistulotomy with fistulectomy for wound healing, duration of surgery, post-operative pain, incontinence and recurrence in patients with fistula in ano. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised data of adults who had undergone fistulotomy/fistulectomy for simple fistula in ano from January 2007 to August 2012. Data collection was done in August 2013 using questionnaire and telephonic interviews...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299781/architectural-differences-in-the-anterior-and-middle-compartments-of-the-pelvic-floor-of-young-adult-and-postmenopausal-females
#4
Yi Wu, Noshir F Dabhoiwala, Jaco Hagoort, Li-Wen Tan, Shao-Xiang Zhang, Wouter H Lamers
The pelvic floor guards the passage of the pelvic organs to the exterior. The near-epidemic prevalence of incontinence in women continues to generate interest in the functional anatomy of the pelvic floor. However, due to its complex architecture and poor accessibility, the classical 'dissectional' approach has been unable to come up with a satisfactory description, so that many aspects of its anatomy continue to raise debate. For this reason, we opted for a 'sectional' approach, using the Chinese Visible Human project (four females, 21-35 years) and the Visible Human Project (USA; one female, 59 years) datasets to investigate age-related changes in the architecture of the anterior and middle compartments of the pelvic floor...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288779/childhood-incontinence-and-pelvic-floor-muscle-function-can-we-learn-from-adult-research
#5
Janet Chase, Lewina Schrale
Little research has been undertaken regarding pelvic floor muscle function and dysfunction in children. Apart from dysfunctional voiding, whether specific dysfunction of these muscles contributes to different types of childhood incontinence is not documented. The two areas of practice, that is adult and paediatric incontinence, are quite different; nevertheless, there may be lessons to be learned from the extensive work done in pelvic floor dysfunction and rehabilitation in adults. In this paper key points regarding pelvic floor muscle function and dysfunction in adults, and lessons that can be learned from how studies are reported and how muscle function is measured are presented...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288563/is-independence-of-older-adults-safe-considering-the-risk-of-falls
#6
Dorota Talarska, Magdalena Strugała, Marlena Szewczyczak, Sławomir Tobis, Michał Michalak, Izabela Wróblewska, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis
BACKGROUND: Falls affect approx. 30% of elderly population per year. They cause major injuries and reduce independence of the older adults' functioning. The main objective of the study was to evaluate the degree of independence and find the fall risk factors in the study group. METHODS: The study included 506 - older adults. The study group included patients from GP clinics and members of two senior centers. The study duration was 12 months. Our study tools included EASY- Care Standard 2010 questionnaire, Abbreviated Mental Test Score (AMTS), Index Barthel, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale (IADL), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Timed Up and Go (TUG)...
March 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277470/patient-reported-impact-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-on-continence-and-sexual-function-in-women-with-exstrophy-epispadias-complex
#7
Ross G Everett, Kathy M Lue, Sunil S Reddy, Daniel A Friedlander, Cameron E Alexander, Ezekiel E Young, Mahmoud Abdelwahab, Nilay M Gandhi, Edward J Wright, John P Gearhart
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to characterize long-term urogynecologic issues of women with a history of bladder exstrophy and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and to assess the impact of POP repair on continence and sexual function. DESIGN: Patient demographics and surgical history related to exstrophy and POP were collected through chart review. Patient perceptions regarding sexual function, urinary continence, and quality of life were assessed through Web-based administration of validated questionnaires: International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form and POP-Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire...
March 9, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271624/patient-preferences-for-endpoints-in-fecal-incontinence-treatment-studies
#8
S Heymen, O Palsson, M Simren, W E Whitehead
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials of treatments for fecal incontinence (FI) are difficult to compare because case definitions and study endpoints vary. Our aims were to assess patient perspectives on the case definition for FI and how treatment success should be measured. METHODS: In Phase 1, 28 FI patients participated in anonymous on-line focus groups, and in Phase 2, 186 people with FI, stratified by gender, race, and age completed an online survey. KEY RESULTS: Focus group participants described frequency and urgency as the most important characteristics for defining FI...
March 8, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267127/psychological-and-physical-environmental-factors-in-the-development-of-incontinence-in-adults-and-children-a-comprehensive-review
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267126/psychological-and-physical-environmental-factors-in-the-development-of-incontinence-in-adults-and-children-a-comprehensive-review
#10
Alexander von Gontard, Tom P V M de Jong, Jasmin Katrin Badawi, Kathleen A OʼConnell, Ann T Hanna-Mitchell, Anka Nieuwhof-Leppink, Linda Cardozo
The aim of this review was to identify etiological environmental factors related to incontinence in children and adults. A variety of etiological environmental factors for the development of incontinence were identified. In children, these encompass stressful life events and trauma, family dysfunction, parental psychopathology, school-related stressors, toilet or "potty" training, fluid consumption habits, housing conditions, and the availability of toilets. In adults, physical exercise, obesity, working conditions, fluid intake, and the availability of toilets play a role...
March 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262925/washout-policies-in-long-term-indwelling-urinary-catheterisation-in-adults
#11
REVIEW
Ashley J Shepherd, William G Mackay, Suzanne Hagen
BACKGROUND: People requiring long-term bladder draining with an indwelling catheter can experience catheter blockage. Regimens involving different solutions can be used to wash out catheters with the aim of preventing blockage. This is an update of a review published in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To determine if certain washout regimens are better than others in terms of effectiveness, acceptability, complications, quality of life and critically appraise and summarise economic evidence for the management of long-term indwelling urinary catheterisation in adults...
March 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256023/urethral-sphincter-mechanism-incompetence-in-163-neutered-female-dogs-diagnosis-treatment-and-relationship-of-weight-and-age-at-neuter-to-development-of-disease
#12
J K Byron, K H Taylor, G S Phillips, M S Stahl
BACKGROUND: Urethral sphincter mechanism incompetence (USMI) is the most common cause of urinary incontinence in neutered bitches and is most common in dogs weighing >20 kg. OBJECTIVES: To describe a population of neutered bitches with USMI and investigate their initial presentation, the relationship between weight and age at neuter, and treatment. ANIMALS: One hundred and sixty-three female dogs with USMI (UI) diagnosed between January 2009 and December 2012, and 193 continent neutered control (C) bitches...
March 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247659/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women-living-in-the-south-priaralye-region
#13
A A Gaibullaev, G T Iskandarova, A A Abdurizaev
OBJECTIVE: To estimate prevalence and types of urinary incontinence (UI) among women living in the South Priaralye region, and to analyze risk factors associated with UI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The population-based study was conducted by nested-typological method. Analysis was carried out on the data of 1487 women collected by a standard ICIQ-SF questionnaire, an assessment tool for female urinary incontinence recommended by the European Association of Urology. RESULTS: The study showed that the prevalence of UI among women aged 18 years and older in the South Priaralye region was 27%...
April 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244147/a-genetic-female-mouse-model-with-congenital-genitourinary-anomalies-and-adult-stages-of-urinary-incontinence
#14
Pedram Akbari, Ali Fathollahi, Rong Mo, Michael Kavran, Nicole Episalla, Chi-Chung Hui, Walid A Farhat, Adonis K Hijaz
AIMS: To characterize the urinary incontinence observed in adult Gli2(+/)(-) ; Gli3(Δ699/+) female mice and identify the defects underlying the condition. METHODS: Gli2(+/)(-) and Gli3(Δ699/+) mice were crossed to generate: wild-type, mutant Gli2 (Gli2(+/-) ), mutant Gli3 (Gli3(Δ699/+) ), and double mutant (Gli2(+/-) ; Gli3(Δ699/+) ) female mice, verified via Polymerase Chain Reactions. Bladder functional studies including cystometrogram (CMG), leak point pressure (LPP), and voiding testing were performed on adult female mice...
February 28, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217699/the-female-urinary-microbiota-urinary-health-and-common-urinary-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Linda Brubaker, Alan J Wolfe
This review provides the clinical context and updated information regarding the female urinary microbiota (FUM), a resident microbial community within the female bladder of many adult women. Microbial communities have variability and distinct characteristics in health, as well as during community disruption (dysbiosis). Information concerning characteristics of the FUM in health and disease is emerging. Sufficient data confirms that the microbes that compose the FUM are not contaminants and are cultivatable under appropriate conditions...
January 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216815/gracilis-muscle-transposition-as-a-workhorse-flap-for-anal-incontinence-quality-of-life-and-functional-outcome-in-adults
#16
Guru Dayal Singh Kalra, Amit Kumar Sharma, Kaustubh Sharad Shende
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Anal incontinence is one of the most psychologically and socially debilitating conditions in an otherwise healthy individual. It can lead to social isolation, loss of self-esteem, self-confidence and depression. This study is devoted to the problem of anal incontinence in the adult patients. The aim of our study is to analyse the results of gracilis muscle transposition for anal incontinence and improvement in quality of life (QOL) of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185237/use-of-bladder-antimuscarinics-in-older-adults-with-impaired-cognition
#17
Ariel R Green, Jodi Segal, Jing Tian, Esther Oh, David L Roth, Liam Hilson, Jennifer L Dodson, Cynthia M Boyd
OBJECTIVE: To examine the use of antimuscarinics for treating urinary incontinence (UI) in older adults with varying levels of cognition. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center from 2005 through 2015. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling men and women aged 65 and older (N = 24,106). MEASUREMENTS: Clinicians and staff evaluated each participant's dementia status during annual in-person assessments...
February 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167691/robotic-partial-nephrectomy-for-duplex-kidney-with-ectopic-ureter-draining-in-the-vagina-in-an-adult-patient-with-urinary-incontinence
#18
Humza Mahmood, Marios Hadjipavlou, Raj Das, Chris Anderson
A duplex kidney system with an ectopic ureter draining into the vagina is a congenital malformation that typically presents as refractory urinary incontinence. Diagnosis is often difficult to establish and delayed due to a low incidence. We present the case of a patient aged 26 years with a life-long history of persistent urinary incontinence. Initial presentation was at childhood; however, the diagnosis went undetermined for 22 years. CT urography revealed a duplex kidney with an atrophic upper pole associated with an ectopic ureter that drained into the vaginal vault...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131501/all-incontinence-is-not-created-equal-impact-of-urinary-and-fecal-incontinence-on-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-spina-bifida
#19
Konrad M Szymanski, Mark P Cain, Benjamin Whittam, Martin Kaefer, Richard C Rink, Rosalia Misseri
PURPOSE: We previously reported that the self-reported amount of urinary incontinence is the main predictor of lower health related quality of life in adults with spina bifida. In this study we sought to determine the impact of fecal incontinence on health related quality of life after correcting for urinary incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An international sample of adults with spina bifida was surveyed online in 2013 to 2014. We evaluated fecal incontinence in the last 4 weeks using clean intervals (less than 1 day, 1 to 6 days, 1 week or longer, or no fecal incontinence), amount (a lot, medium, a little or none), number of protective undergarments worn daily and similar variables for urinary incontinence...
March 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128904/robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-augmentation-ileocystoplasty
#20
Peter A Caputo, Daniel Ramirez, Matthew Maurice, Onder Kara, Ryan Nelson, Ercan Malkoc, Jihad Kaouk
INTRODUCTION: Augmentation ileocystoplasty is a common treatment in adults with low capacity bladders due to neurogenic bladder dysfunction. We describe here our technique for robotic assisted laparoscopic augmentation ileocystoplasty in an adult with a low capacity bladder due to neurogenic bladder dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient is a 35 years-old man with neurogenic bladder due to a C6 spinal cord injury in 2004. Cystometrogram shows a maximum capacity of 96cc and Pdet at maximum capacity of 97cmH2O...
January 27, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
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