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Intercranial Hypertension

Waqas Jehangir, Zorawar Singh, Harsh Bhatt, Hasan F Al-Azzawi, Kebir H Bedran, Eric J Uhrik, Abdalla Yousif, Teena Mathew
Moyamoya disease (MMD) primarily causes constriction of internal carotid artery, but it is known to extend to the middle and anterior cerebral arteries. Some of the symptoms caused by MMD include transient ischemic attack (TIA) and seizures. The etiology of MMD from Graves' disease (GD) is mostly caused by thyrotoxicosis, but our finding of leukocytosis indicates a new finding that may help physicians prepare for the pending outcome of MMD from GD with leukocytosis. A 26-year-old Hispanic woman with a significant past medical history of GD and hypertension presented to the emergency department complaining of cough and shortness of breath for the past 5 days...
August 2015: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Karol Jastrzębski, Magdalena Justyna Kacperska, Agata Majos, Magdalena Grodzka, Andrzej Głąbiński
A stroke, or a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is a life-threatening condition which often results in permanent or significant disability in the adult population. Several classifications of CVAs exist, one of them being based on the mechanism of injury of brain tissue: ischemic (85-90%) and hemorrhagic (10-15%). In a hemorrhagic stroke an intercranial bleeding occurs, leading to the formation of a focal hematoma typically located in the basal ganglia of the brain (approx. 45% of cases). A common yet underestimated cause of intracerebral hemorrhage is cerebral small vessel disease with microhemorrhages, including the cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA)...
2015: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Hiroshi Yatsushige, Yoshio Takasato, Hiroyuki Masaoka, Takanori Hayakawa, Naoki Otani, Yoshikazu Yoshino, Kyoko Sumiyoshi, Takashi Sugawara, Hiroki Miyawaki, Chikashi Aoyagi, Satoru Takeuchi, Go Suzuki
PURPOSE: Decompressive craniectomy for traumatic brain injury patients has been shown to reduce intracranial hypertension, while it often results in increased brain edema and/or contralateral space-occupied hematoma. The purpose of this study was to determine the prognosis of bilateral decompressive craniectomy in severe head injury patients with the development of either bilateral or contralateral lesions after ipsilateral decompressive craniectomy. METHODS: Twelve patients underwent bilateral decompressive craniectomy among 217 individuals who had been treated with decompressive craniectomy with dural expansion from September 1995 to August 2006...
2010: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
J Serrano Vicente, L García Bernardo, C Durán Barquero, A Constantino Silva, J R Infante de la Torre, M L Domínguez Grande, J I Rayo Madrid, R Sánchez Sánchez, C Durán Herrera
OBJECTIVE: A non-degenerative etiology is supported by a normal SPI [normal SPECT with 123I-Ioflupane (SPI)] in a patient with movement disorders (MD). METHOD: A total of 196 SPIs were conducted during the period of 2004/05. Of these, 44 were selected in order to rule out degenerative MD (DMD), the results being normal in these patients. The clinical background of these patients were reviewed in a minimum period of 24 months (range 24-40), collecting the diagnoses reached by the neurology specialists...
January 2009: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear
Sumio Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Hongo, Toru Koyama, Shigeaki Kobayashi
A 24-year-old woman was struck on the head by a hammer. Because of early signs and symptoms of intercranial hypertension, she underwent surgery for elevation of the depressed fragments which was compressing the superior sagittal sinus (SSS). After operation, the intracranial pressure (ICP) once decreased, but it gradually increased again. After hypothermia and barbiturate therapy, she recovered fully except for partial visual field defect due to brain contusion. A carotid angiogram 28 days after injury revealed complete occlusion of the whole SSS with good collateral circulation...
April 2004: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 1959: Belgisch Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 1957: Prensa Médica Argentina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1954: Monatsschrift Für Kinderheilkunde
Peter Lundgaard, Peter Mygind Leth, Markil Gregersen
Massive subarachnoid hemorrhage may occur on a traumatic basis. The injury is most often sustained by a blow with a clenched fist against the posterolateral part of the cranial basis, but the injury may also occur in relation to an accident. The condition is rare, most often occurring in alcohol intoxicated men. The victim typically collapses immediately and usually dies within a few minutes. The origin of the bleeding may be the vertebral artery on the neck or the intercranial basal brain arteries. In some cases the origin of the bleeding cannot be located...
April 28, 2003: Ugeskrift for Laeger
(no author information available yet)
Gregory Jurkovich, MD, FACS, head of trauma at Harborview Medical Center in Seattle, contended that patients with severe head injuries did better when they had intercranial pressure monitors. But it is an expensive proposition that some might question. So it was nice to get support from national benchmarking data that the best trauma programs did just what his physicians did at Harborview.
February 2001: Healthcare Benchmarks
V V Lebedev, I V Musatova
An analysis of 100 observations permitted the authors to conclude that the basis of the clinical picture of acute epidural hematoma was the syndrome of intercranial hypertension manifesting itself in growing disturbances of consciousness, headaches, vomiting, bradycardia. The appearance of local neurological symptoms gives a possibility for a physician to orientate quickly in the pathological process localization. "A lucid period" and the initial syndrome of the acute brain dislocation often revealed in the manifestation of mydriase are typical of the clinical picture of epidural hematoma...
1976: Zhurnal Nevropatologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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