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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777673/activations-of-the-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-and-thalamus-during-agentic-self-evaluation-are-negatively-associated-with-trait-self-esteem
#1
Ke Jiang, Shi Wu, Zhenhao Shi, Mingyan Liu, Maoying Peng, Yang Shen, Juan Yang
Individual self-esteem is dominated more by agency than by communion. However, prior research has mainly focused on one's agentic/communal self-evaluation, while little is known about how one endorses others' agentic/communal evaluation of the self. The present study investigated the associations between trait self-esteem and fundamental dimensions of social cognition, i.e. agency vs. communion, during both self-evaluation and endorsement of others' evaluation of oneself. We also investigated the neural mechanisms underlying the relationship between trait self-esteem and agentic self-evaluation...
May 16, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777515/bottom-up-attention-capture-with-distractor-and-target-singletons-defined-in-the-same-color-dimension-is-not-a-matter-of-feature-uncertainty
#2
Hanna Weichselbaum, Ulrich Ansorge
In visual search, attention capture by an irrelevant color-singleton distractor in another feature dimension than the target is dependent on whether or not the distractor changes its feature: Capture is present if the irrelevant color distractor can take on different features across trials, but absent if the distractor takes on only one feature throughout all trials. This influence could be due to down-weighting of the entire color map. Here we tested whether a similar effect could also be brought about by down-weighting of specific color channels within the same maps...
May 18, 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775309/relationship-between-proton-transport-and-morphology-of-perfluorosulfonic-acid-membranes-a-reactive-molecular-dynamics-approach
#3
Takuya Mabuchi, Takashi Tokumasu
A reactive molecular dynamics simulation has been performed for the characterization of the relationship between proton transport and water clustering in polymer electrolyte membranes. We have demonstrated that the anharmonic two-state empirical valence bond ( aTS-EVB) model is capable of describing efficiently excess proton transport through the Grotthuss hopping mechanism within the simplicity of the theoretical framework. In order to explore the long-time diffusion behavior in PFSA membranes with statistical certainty, simulations that are longer than 10 ns are needed...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770432/automated-mandatory-bolus-versus-basal-infusion-for-maintenance-of-epidural-analgesia-in-labour
#4
REVIEW
Ban Leong Sng, Yanzhi Zeng, Nurun Nisa A de Souza, Wan Ling Leong, Ting Ting Oh, Fahad Javaid Siddiqui, Pryseley N Assam, Nian-Lin R Han, Edwin Sy Chan, Alex T Sia
BACKGROUND: Childbirth may cause the most severe pain some women experience in their lifetime. Epidural analgesia is an effective form of pain relief during labour and is considered to be the reference standard. Traditionally epidural analgesia has been delivered as a continuous infusion via a catheter in the epidural space, with or without the ability for the patient to supplement the analgesia received by activating a programmable pump to deliver additional top-up doses, known as patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA)...
May 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770175/neurologic-complications-in-common-wrist-and-hand-surgical-procedures
#5
Nicole Verdecchia, Julie Johnson, Mark Baratz, Steven Orebaugh
Nerve dysfunction after upper extremity orthopedic surgery is a recognized complication, and may result from a variety of different causes. Hand and wrist surgery require incisions and retraction that necessarily border on small peripheral nerves, which may be difficult to identify and protect with absolute certainty. This article reviews the rates and ranges of reported nerve dysfunction with respect to common surgical interventions for the distal upper extremity, including wrist arthroplasty, wrist arthrodesis, wrist arthroscopy, distal radius open reduction and internal fixation, carpal tunnel release, and thumb carpometacarpal surgery...
March 29, 2018: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770055/hepatitis-a-virus-infection-associated-with-cannabis-use
#6
C Sikora, G Tipples, X-L Pang, A Andonov
We identified a case of acute Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection linked to cannabis use. The local Public Health department received report of a man in his mid-20s with a classic presentation of hepatitis - jaundice, abdominal pain, vomiting, general malaise, and dark urine - as well as elevated serum aminotransferase levels and a positive anti-HAV IgM. Upon questioning, he reported no contact with ill individuals, or travel outside his metropolitan area. His exclusive source of water was the local municipal supply...
November 2, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769645/nonlocal-position-changes-of-a-photon-revealed-by-quantum-routers
#7
Avshalom C Elitzur, Eliahu Cohen, Ryo Okamoto, Shigeki Takeuchi
Since its publication, Aharonov and Vaidman's three-box paradox has undergone three major advances: i). A non-counterfactual scheme by the same authors in 2003 with strong rather than weak measurements for verifying the particle's subtle presence in two boxes. ii) A realization of the latter by Okamoto and Takeuchi in 2016. iii) A dynamic version by Aharonov et al. in 2017, with disappearance and reappearance of the particle. We now combine these advances together. Using photonic quantum routers the particle acts like a quantum "shutter...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769282/inferring-the-probability-of-the-derived-versus-the-ancestral-allelic-state-at-a-polymorphic-site
#8
Peter D Keightley, Benjamin C Jackson
It is known that the allele ancestral to the variation at a polymorphic site cannot be assigned with certainty, and that the most frequently used method to assign the ancestral state - maximum parsimony - is prone to misinference. Estimates of counts of sites that have a certain number of copies of the derived allele in a sample (the unfolded site frequency spectrum, uSFS) made by parsimony are therefore also biased. We previously developed a maximum likelihood method to estimate the uSFS for a focal species using information from two outgroups while assuming simple models of nucleotide substitution...
May 16, 2018: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767827/directing-citizens-to-create-advance-directives
#9
Sophie Haesen, David Shaw
This article describes the Swiss law on advance directives that was passed at the beginning of 2013 and led to more certainty about the legally binding character of such directives. However, for various reasons the drafting of advance directives is not yet widespread in Switzerland, and many resources might be put to better use if this became a common practice. A recent proposal by members of a political party to make the discussion, although not the actual drafting, of advance directives mandatory was rejected by the Swiss Federal Parliament, and the proposal was written off after having been pending for 2 years...
May 16, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764879/quest-for-certainty-regarding-early-discharge-in-paediatric-low-risk-febrile-neutropenia-a-multicentre-qualitative-focus-group-discussion-study-involving-patients-parents-and-healthcare-professionals-in-the-uk
#10
Jessica E Morgan, Bob Phillips, Lesley A Stewart, Karl Atkin
OBJECTIVES: A systematic review of paediatric low-risk febrile neutropenia found that outpatient care is safe, with low rates of treatment failure. However, this review, and a subsequent meta-ethnography, suggested that early discharge of these patients may not be acceptable to key stakeholders. This study aimed to explore experiences and perceptions of patients, parents and healthcare professionals involved in paediatric febrile neutropenia care in the UK. SETTING: Three different centres within the UK, purposively selected from a national survey on the basis of differences in their service structure and febrile neutropenia management...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764386/parkinson-s-disease-diagnostic-observations-paddo-study-rationale-and-design-of-a-prospective-cohort-study-for-early-differentiation-of-parkinsonism
#11
Anouke van Rumund, Marjolein B Aerts, Rianne A J Esselink, Frederick J A Meijer, Marcel M Verbeek, Bastiaan R Bloem
BACKGROUND: Differentiation of Parkinson's disease (PD) from the various types of atypical parkinsonism (AP) such as multiple system atrophy (MSA), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), corticobasal syndrome (CBS) and vascular parkinsonism (VP), can be challenging, especially early in the disease course when symptoms overlap. A major unmet need in the diagnostic workup of these disorders is a diagnostic tool that differentiates the various disorders, preferably in the earliest disease stages when the clinical presentation is similar...
May 16, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763994/decision-making-about-hospital-arrival-among-low-risk-nulliparous-women-after-spontaneous-labor-onset-at-home
#12
Joyce K Edmonds, Kathleen Miley, Kimberly J Angelini, Neel T Shah
INTRODUCTION: Postponing hospital admission until the active phase of labor is a recommended strategy to safely reduce the incidence of primary cesarean births. Success of this strategy depends on women's decisions about when to transfer from home to the hospital, a process that is largely absent from research about childbirth. This study aimed to determine the decision-making criteria used by women about when to go to the hospital after the self-identification of labor onset at home...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763969/hormone-replacement-therapy-for-women-previously-treated-for-endometrial-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Katharine A Edey, Stuart Rundle, Martha Hickey
BACKGROUND: Endometrial cancer is the sixth most common cancer in women worldwide and most commonly occurs after the menopause (75%) (globocan.iarc.fr). About 319,000 new cases were diagnosed worldwide in 2012. Endometrial cancer is commonly considered as a potentially 'curable cancer,' as approximately 75% of cases are diagnosed before disease has spread outside the uterus (FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) stage I). The overall five-year survival for all stages is about 86%, and, if the cancer is confined to the uterus, the five-year survival rate may increase to 97%...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762327/nodular-tenosynovitis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-an-entity-not-yet-described
#14
Paolo Cariati, Miguel Garcia-Martin, Miguel Perez de Perceval Tara, Maria Roman Ramos, Blas Garcia Medina
Nodular tenosynovitis usually affects the hands and it represents a benign pathology with locally aggressive behavior. Its etiology could be related to chronic inflammatory processes such as trauma, metabolic disturbance, and joint diseases. Histopathological analysis is required for a diagnosis of certainty and surgery represents the treatment of choice. There are no cases in the literature that describe a nodular tenosynovitis affecting the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) The main aim of the present report therefore, is to describe this unusual case and to show the utility of arthroscopic procedures in managing intra-articular tumors of the TMJ...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761473/glucocorticosteroids-for-infants-with-biliary-atresia-following-kasai-portoenterostomy
#15
REVIEW
Athanasios Tyraskis, Christopher Parsons, Mark Davenport
BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia is a life-threatening disease characterised by progressive destruction of both intra- and extra-hepatic biliary ducts. The mainstay of treatment is Kasai portoenterostomy, as soon as the disease has been confirmed. Glucocorticosteroids are steroid hormones which act on the glucocorticoid receptor and have a range of metabolic and immunomodulatory effects. Glucocorticosteroids are used to improve the postoperative outcomes in infants who have undergone Kasai portoenterostomy...
May 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761229/idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-among-young-patients-challenges-in-diagnosis-and-management
#16
Gabriela Leuschner, Fredrik Reiter, Florian Stocker, Alexander Crispin, Nikolaus Kneidinger, Tobias Veit, Friederike Klenner, Felix Ceelen, Gregor Zimmermann, Hanno Leuchte, Simone Reu, Julien Dinkel, Jürgen Behr, Claus Neurohr
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is considered a disease of older patients, being rare in patients ≤ 50 years. Still, IPF can occur in younger patients, but this particular patient group is not well characterised so far. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic certainty, clinical features, comorbidities and survival in young versus older IPF patients. METHODS: We reviewed our medical records from February 2011 until February 2015, to identify IPF patients, who were then classified as young (≤ 50 years) or older IPF (> 50 years)...
May 14, 2018: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757921/systematic-review-of-advanced-practice-nurses-skin-cancer-detection-knowledge-and-attitudes-clinical-skin-examination-lesion-detection-and-training
#17
Lois J Loescher, Delaney Stratton, Maribeth Slebodnik, Hope Goodman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Skin cancer is the most common malignancy in the United States; early detection reduces the public health burden. This systematic review updates the state of advanced practice nurses' skin cancer knowledge and attitudes, performance of and barriers to clinical skin examination (CSE), recognition of skin lesions, and related training activities. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis statement guided a search of eight literature databases that yielded 12 studies from 2010 to 2016...
January 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750924/predictors-for-follow-up-among-postpartum-patients-enrolled-in-a-clinical-trial
#18
Maureen K Baldwin, Kyle D Hart, Maria I Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for failure to attend postpartum follow-up within three months of delivery, including social support, intrinsic motivation, insurance type, and prenatal care attendance. STUDY DESIGN: This planned secondary analysis is derived from a randomized controlled trial of patients intending intrauterine device (IUD) use following their delivery (n=197). Subjects were postpartum from a vaginal or cesarean birth at≥32weeks gestation. We obtained baseline demographics and certainty about their plan to receive a postpartum IUD...
May 8, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750780/is-acupuncture-an-alternative-for-the-treatment-of-parkinson%C3%A2-s-disease
#19
José Otayza, Carlos Juri
INTRODUCTION: It has been proposed that acupuncture has several benefits for patients with Parkinson’s disease. However, its real clinical effect is still under discussion. METHODS: To answer this question we used Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach...
May 3, 2018: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750352/-thank-god-i-m-not-a-jungian
#20
Ann Shearer
This article focuses less on the content of Jung's ideas than on ways in which they act as both invitation and challenge to engage with psyche. It explores the mythic framework of Jung's approach and how this can enable individuals to live in psychological and mundane worlds in which there can be no final certainties. It elaborates three particular aspects of Jung's thinking that I have found personally valuable: his generosity of vision, his insistence that individuals engage for and with themselves rather than relying on someone else's ideas, and his ponderings on the relationship between the individual and the collective...
June 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
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