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Intermittent pneumatic compression

Shinji Kuroda, Satoru Kikuchi, Masahiko Nishizaki, Shunsuke Kagawa, Shiro Hinotsu, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara
Although intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) has become common as perioperative prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism (VTE) consisting of pulmonary thromboembolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT), the prophylactic effect against VTE, especially lethal PE, is not yet satisfactory. Therefore, pharmacologic prophylaxis, such as with enoxaparin, is desirable. While the efficacy and safety of enoxaparin have been proven in several clinical trials, concern about bleeding with longterm (at least 7 days) use have potentially decreased its widespread adoption...
October 2016: Acta Medica Okayama
Samer G Zammar, Barbara A Pockaj, Chee Chee Stucky, Nabil Wasif, Richard J Gray
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients have a 4 to 7 fold increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) vs the normal population. Chest guidelines recommend no chemical VTE prophylaxis for women with a <1.5% risk for VTE. Although the risk of VTE among women undergoing breast-conserving therapy is reported to be low overall, the rate without chemical prophylaxis has not been defined. The objective of the study was to establish the VTE risk among women undergoing breast-conserving surgery (BCS) who did not receive chemical VTE prophylaxis...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Pierre-Antoine Moulin, Anne Dutour, Patricia Ancel, Pierre-Emmanuel Morange, Thierry Bege, Olivier Ziegler, Stéphane Berdah, Corinne Frère, Bénédicte Gaborit
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of death in obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery (BS), but there is neither consensus nor high-level guidelines yet on VTE prophylaxis in this specific population. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate patterns of BS perioperative thromboprophylaxis practices. SETTING: French obesity specialized care centers (CSO), which are tertiary care referral hospitals for the most severe cases of obesity METHODS: A detailed questionnaire survey (11 opened, 15 closed questions) investigating their prophylactic schemes of anticoagulation (molecule, dose, weight-adjustment, duration, associated measures, follow-up) was sent to the 37 CSO...
September 1, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Natalie Lee, Jane Wigg, Stacy Pugh, Janet Barclay, Hayley Moore
There are many intermittent pneumatic compression devices available for use in the management and adjunct treatment of lymphatic, venous and arterial disease. This article discusses the development of a new advanced pneumatic compression device, the LymphFlow Advance, which can perform focussed treatment on the lymphoedematous area using a variety of different cycles. Case studies with therapist and patient feedback are used to demonstrate the use of the LymphFlow Advance in the lymphoedema clinic, with a discussion of the evidence to underpin recommended treatment regimes...
October 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
Jonghanne Park, Joo Myung Lee, Jeong Seok Lee, Young Jae Cho
Thromboprophylaxis for venous thromboembolism is widely used in critically ill patients. However, only limited evidence exists regarding the efficacy and safety of the various thromboprophylaxis techniques, especially mechanical thromboprophylaxis. Therefore, we performed meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the overall incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) for between unfractionated heparin (UFH), low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH), and intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) in critically ill patients...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Irene Braithwaite, Bernadette De Ruyter, Alex Semprini, Stefan Ebmeier, Grant Kiddle, Nigel Willis, John Carter, Mark Weatherall, Richard Beasley
OBJECTIVES: To determine the likely enrolment rate of eligible participants into a randomised controlled trial (RCT) in which a within-cast intermittent pneumatic compression device using Jet Impulse Technology (IPC/JIT) is 1 of 3 possible interventions in a RCT for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the clinical setting of isolated lower limb cast immobilisation. DESIGN: A prospective, open-label feasibility study of the IPC/JIT device placed within a lower limb cast...
October 4, 2016: BMJ Open
Maria Grazia Sederino, Giulia Casamassima, Rita Laforgia, Giovanni Balducci, Giuseppe Carbotta, Antonella Tromba
AIM: This study is aimed to evaluate the incidence of the postoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and the cell damage from compartment iatrogenic syndrome, analyzing two groups of patients operated laparoscopically, one of which assisted with a Sequential Compression Device (SCD). MATERIAL OF STUDY: A patients' series submitted to laparoscopic surgery over a period at least 90 minutes. The venous flow in the lower limbs was detected with the Echo Colour Doppler method, and only one of the two groups was assisted with the SCD...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
K J Williams, A Babber, R Ravikumar, A H Davies
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is common and symptoms can be debilitating and lethal. Risk management, exercise, radiological and surgical intervention are all valuable therapies, but morbidity and mortality rates from this disease are increasing. Circulatory enhancement can be achieved using simple medical electronic devices, with claims of minimal adverse side effects. The evidence for these is variable, prompting a review of the available literature. METHODS: Embase and Medline were interrogated for full text articles in humans and written in English...
September 17, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
K J Williams, R Ravikumar, A S Gaweesh, H M Moore, A D Lifsitz, T R A Lane, J Shalhoub, A Babber, A H Davies
INTRODUCTION: The prevention and management of venous disease is a therapeutic challenge. Movement of blood through the venous system is augmented by the action of muscles on the deep veins, and can be achieved through the application of electrical current. The efficacy of currently available clinical devices for this purpose is unknown, and is investigated here. METHODS: A literature search of the EMBASE and Medline databases was performed, and studies were included if they were full text articles, written in english, pertaining to venous disease and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES)...
September 13, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Ngoh C Liew, Gina V Alemany, Pantep Angchaisuksiri, Soo M Bang, Gordon Choi, Deidre A De Silva, Ji M Hong, Limi Lee, Yong J Li, Ganesan N Rajamoney, John Suviraj, Thiam C Tan, Eric Tse, Li T Teo, Julie Jvisperas, Raymond S Wong, Lai H Lee
The Asian venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis guidelines was first published in 2012. Since its first edition, the Asian Venous Thrombosis Forum (AVTF) working group have updated the Asian VTE epidemiology and reviewed issues that were not addressed in the previous guidelines. The authors noted that the rising incidence of VTE across Asia may be attributable to aging population, dietary changes, and increasing incidence of obesity and diabetes. The new additions in the guideline include role of thrombophilia in VTE, bleeding risk in Asians, individual risk assessment, updates in the prevention of VTE in medically ill, bariatric surgery, cancer, orthopaedic and trauma patients...
September 8, 2016: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
Stavros K Kakkos, Joseph A Caprini, George Geroulakos, Andrew N Nicolaides, Gerard Stansby, Daniel J Reddy, Ioannis Ntouvas
BACKGROUND: It is generally assumed by practitioners and guideline authors that combined modalities (methods of treatment) are more effective than single modalities in preventing venous thromboembolism (VTE), defined as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE), or both. This is an update of the review first published in 2008. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to assess the efficacy of combined intermittent pneumatic leg compression (IPC) and pharmacological prophylaxis versus single modalities in preventing venous thromboembolism...
September 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Yaseen M Arabi, Sami Alsolamy, Abdulaziz Al-Dawood, Awad Al-Omari, Fahad Al-Hameed, Karen E A Burns, Mohammed Almaani, Hani Lababidi, Ali Al Bshabshe, Sangeeta Mehta, Abdulsalam M Al-Aithan, Yasser Mandourah, Ghaleb Almekhlafi, Simon Finfer, Sheryl Ann I Abdukahil, Lara Y Afesh, Maamoun Dbsawy, Musharaf Sadat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Trials
Erica Domeij-Arverud, Paul W Ackermann
Tendon metabolism after acute Achilles tendon rupture (ATR) is associated with major complications related to immobilization, which results in reduced circulation, high risk of deep venous thrombosis (DVT), impaired healing and functional deficits.DVT has been demonstrated to occur in up to 50 % of the patients with ATR. Suffering from a DVT during tendon healing has been demonstrated as an independent predictive factor for impaired patient outcome at 1 year after ATR, suggesting that specific interventions are warranted to prevent DVT...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Qiaoling Chen, Shuangying Huang, Xiaoli Chen, Lei Feng, Xuxia Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the clinical effect on swelling and pain after total knee arthroplasty treated with acupoint massage, mild moxibustion and routine detumescence. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 60 cases in each one. In the control group, after TKA, the routine detumescence was applied, including elastic bandage compression, the operated limb raising exercise, knee joint braking, local ice compress, intermittent pneumatic compression, active ankle pumping and quadriceps contraction exercise, continuous passive mechanical exercise, using stretch socks, oral administration of rivaroxaban tablets, 10 mg, once a day, continuously for 21 to 24 days...
May 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Yaseen M Arabi, Sami Alsolamy, Abdulaziz Al-Dawood, Awad Al-Omari, Fahad Al-Hameed, Karen E A Burns, Mohammed Almaani, Hani Lababidi, Ali Al Bshabshe, Sangeeta Mehta, Abdulsalam M Al-Aithan, Yasser Mandourah, Ghaleb Mekhlafi, Simon Finfer, Sheryl Ann I Abdukahil, Lara Y Afesh, Maamoun Dbsawy, Musharaf Sadat
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a common problem in critically ill patients. Pharmacologic prophylaxis is currently the standard of care based on high-level evidence from randomized controlled trials. However, limited evidence exists regarding the effectiveness of intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) devices. The Pneumatic compREssion for preventing VENous Thromboembolism (PREVENT trial) aims to determine whether the adjunct use of IPC with pharmacologic prophylaxis compared to pharmacologic prophylaxis alone in critically ill patients reduces the risk of VTE...
2016: Trials
Keisuke Nakanishi, Naonobu Takahira, Miki Sakamoto, Minako Yamaoka-Tojo, Masato Katagiri, Jun Kitagawa
Patients with plaster-cast immobilization of the lower limb have an estimated venous thromboembolism rate of 2.5 % without prophylaxis, which includes many fatal cases. However, there is no practical physical prophylaxis for deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) in these patients. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of intermittent pneumatic compression on the thigh alone (IPC to the thigh) on peak blood velocity (PBV) in the legs and to consider the possibility that IPC of the thigh could be used as physical prophylaxis for DVT in patients with plaster-cast immobilization of the lower leg...
November 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Woo-Lam Jo, Young-Kyun Lee, Yong-Chan Ha, Kyung-Min Lee, Bun-Jung Kang, Kyung-Hoi Koo
Intermittent Pneumatic Compression (IPC) device has been used to prevent venous thromboembolism (VTE). This study investigated the effectiveness of IPC device. We evaluated incidences of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) in total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients after use of IPC device, and compared with historical incidences from our institution. We applied IPC device in 741 patients who underwent 870 elective primary THAs from January 2010 to December 2013, DVT was detected in 3 patients (0...
August 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Slavko Rogan, Jan Taeymans, Helena Luginbuehl, Martina Aebi, Sara Mahnig, Nick Gebruers
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of compression bandages, sleeves, intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) and active exercise on the reduction of breast cancer-related lymphoedema (BCRL). A systematic literature search up to the year January 2016 was performed in CINAHL, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (WHO), PEDro and PubMed. Inclusion criteria were (1) RCTs, (2) reported adequate statistics for meta-analysis, (3) English or German language...
August 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Lena M Cialdella, Preston L Bell, David R Dolbow, Daniel P Credeur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Takeshi Fuji, Satoru Fujita, Tetsuya Kimura, Kei Ibusuki, Kenji Abe, Shintaro Tachibana, Mashio Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Guidelines from the Japanese Circulation Society recommend prophylaxis with anticoagulation plus intermittent pneumatic compression or graduated compression stockings (GCS) among patients at the highest risk for developing venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, the benefits of concomitant GCS use for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and receiving anticoagulation remain unknown. In this study, the efficacy of GCS plus anticoagulation compared with anticoagulation alone was evaluated among patients undergoing TKA...
2016: Thrombosis Journal
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