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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319145/does-aquatic-exercise-reduce-hip-and-knee-joint-loading-in-vivo-load-measurements-with-instrumented-implants
#1
Ines Kutzner, Anja Richter, Katharina Gordt, Jörn Dymke, Philipp Damm, Georg N Duda, Reiner Günzl, Georg Bergmann
Aquatic exercises are widely used for rehabilitation or preventive therapies in order to enable mobilization and muscle strengthening while minimizing joint loading of the lower limb. The load reducing effect of water due to buoyancy is a main advantage compared to exercises on land. However, also drag forces have to be considered that act opposite to the relative motion of the body segments and require higher muscle activity. Due to these opposing effects on joint loading, the load-reducing effect during aquatic exercises remains unknown...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269395/simulation-of-fluid-environment-using-a-robotic-orthosis-on-human-lower-extremity-for-therapeutic-purposes
#2
Tayfun Efe Ertop, Tolga Yuksel, Erhan Ilhan Konukseven
Rehabilitation under water is a viable physical rehabilitation option, but it has some limitations in terms of adapting to needs of each patient. In addition, its facility requirements are relatively high. Simulating the fluid environment using a robotic system would enable therapists adjust various parameters so that the therapy is tailored to the patient's unique state. Also, using a robotic system instead might be less costly and easily reachable. In this study, human lower extremity movement in fluids is modeled...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254636/land-plus-aquatic-therapy-versus-land-based-rehabilitation-alone-for-the-treatment-of-balance-dysfunction-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomized-controlled-study-with-6-month-follow-up
#3
Grazia Palamara, Francesco Gotti, Roberto Maestri, Rossana Bera, Roberto Gargantini, Fabiola Bossio, Ilaria Zivi, Daniele Volpe, Davide Ferrazzoli, Giuseppe Frazzitta
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether a specific land-based physical intervention with the inclusion of aquatic therapy is more effective than land-based rehabilitation alone for the treatment of balance dysfunction in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). To test the effect of these rehabilitative approaches after a 6-month follow-up period. DESIGN: Randomized controlled study with 6-month follow-up. SETTING: Department of Parkinson's Disease and Brain Injury Rehabilitation of the 'Moriggia-Pelascini' Hospital - Gravedona ed Uniti (CO, Italy)...
February 27, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248691/prospective-evaluation-of-postural-control-and-gait-in-pediatric-patients-with-cancer-after-a-4-week-inpatient-rehabilitation-program
#4
Carsten Müller, Dieter Rosenbaum, Konstantin A Krauth
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of a 4-wk inpatient rehabilitation program on postural control and gait in pediatric patients with cancer. DESIGN: Eighty-eight patients with brain tumors (n = 59) and bone/soft tissue sarcomas (n = 29) were evaluated. Postural control was assessed examining the velocity of the center of pressure and single-leg stance time on a pressure distribution platform. Walk ratio, a measure of neuromotor control, was used to evaluate intervention effects on gait...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227638/simulation-of-fluid-environment-using-a-robotic-orthosis-on-human-lower-extremity-for-therapeutic-purposes
#5
Tayfun Efe Ertop, Tolga Yuksel, Erhan Ilhan Konukseven, Tayfun Efe Ertop, Tolga Yuksel, Erhan Ilhan Konukseven, Tolga Yuksel, Erhan Ilhan Konukseven, Tayfun Efe Ertop
Rehabilitation under water is a viable physical rehabilitation option, but it has some limitations in terms of adapting to needs of each patient. In addition, its facility requirements are relatively high. Simulating the fluid environment using a robotic system would enable therapists adjust various parameters so that the therapy is tailored to the patient's unique state. Also, using a robotic system instead might be less costly and easily reachable. In this study, human lower extremity movement in fluids is modeled...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215060/efficacy-of-aquatic-therapy-for-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#6
Iluminada Corvillo, Enrique Varela, Francisco Armijo, Antonio Alvarez-Badillo, Onica Armijo, Francisco Maraver
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, inflammatory, progressive, disabling autoimmune disease affecting the central nervous system. Symptoms and signs of MS vary widely and patients may lose their ability to walk. To date the benefits of aquatic therapy often used for rehabilitation in MS patients have not been reviewed. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the current state of aquatic treatment for persons with MS (hydrotherapy, aquatic therapy, aquatic exercises, spa therapy) and to evaluate the scientific evidence supporting the benefits of this therapeutic option...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166116/cerebral-blood-flow-responses-to-aquatic-treadmill-exercise
#7
Rhodri Parfitt, Marianne Y Hensman, Samuel J E Lucas
INTRODUCTION: Aquatic treadmills are used as a rehabilitation method for conditions such as spinal cord injury, osteoarthritis and stroke, and can facilitate an earlier return to exercise training for athletes. However, their effect on cerebral blood flow (CBF) responses has not been examined. We tested the hypothesis that aquatic treadmill exercise would augment CBF and lower heart rate compared to land-based treadmill exercise. METHODS: Eleven participants completed incremental exercise (crossover design) starting from walking pace [4 km/h, immersed to iliac crest (aquatic), 6 km/h (land)] and increasing 1 km/h every 2 min up to 10 km/h for aquatic (maximum belt speed) or 12 km/h for land...
February 4, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091988/genotoxicity-and-cytotoxicity-reduction-of-the-polluted-urban-river-after-ecological-restoration-a-field-scale-study-of-jialu-river-in-northern-china
#8
Jie Sun, Rui Zhang, Long Qin, Haixiao Zhu, Yu Huang, Yingang Xue, Shuqing An, Xianchuan Xie, Aimin Li
To further treat the reclaimed municipal wastewater and rehabilitate the aquatic ecosystem of polluted urban rivers, an 18.5-km field-scale ecological restoration project was constructed along Jialu River, a polluted urban river which receives only reclaimed municipal wastewater from Zhengzhou City without natural upland water dilution. This study investigated the potential efficiency of water quality improvement, as well as genotoxicity and cytotoxicity reduction along the ecological restoration project of this polluted urban river...
January 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989691/aquatic-exercise-training-is-effective-in-maintaining-exercise-performance-in-trained-heart-failure-patients-a-randomised-crossover-pilot-trial
#9
Julie Adsett, Norman Morris, Suzanne Kuys, Rita Hwang, Robert Mullins, Mohsina Khatun, Jennifer Paratz, Alison Mudge
BACKGROUND: Providing flexible models and a variety of exercise options are fundamental to supporting long-term exercise participation for patients with heart failure (HF). The aim of this pilot study was to determine the feasibility and efficacy of aquatic exercise training during a maintenance phase for a clinical heart failure population. METHODS: In this 2 x 2 crossover design trial, individuals who had previously completed HF rehabilitation were randomised into either a land-based or aquatic training program once per week for six weeks, after which time they changed to the alternate exercise training protocol for an additional six weeks...
November 30, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981748/acute-effects-of-water-immersion-on-heart-rate-variability-in-participants-with-heart-disease
#10
Andrée Dionne, Mario Leone, Serge Goulet, David E Andrich, Louis Pérusse, Alain-Steve Comtois
BACKGROUND: Water immersion and aquatic exercise can be an important therapeutic tool in patients suffering from heart disease (HD). However, the effects of water immersion on heart rate variability (HRV) in HD participants remain unknown. METHODS: Twenty-eight volunteers in sinus rhythm within the same age range took part in this study: 18 HD and ten healthy controls (HC). Heart rhythm was collected with a heart rate monitor (sampling rate 1000 Hz) for periods of 10 min at rest in the supine position on land, standing on land (STL) and standing in water (STW) to the xiphoid process...
December 16, 2016: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716593/effects-of-macrophyte-development-on-the-oxygen-metabolism-of-an-urban-river-rehabilitation-structure
#11
Tatiana Sukhodolova, Arnd Weber, Jingxin Zhang, Christian Wolter
To compensate for fairway enlargements and the hydraulic impacts of navigation activity, an artificial rehabilitation structure was constructed in the urban, navigable River Spree in 2004. This wave-protected, shallow littoral zone proved to be highly effective in reducing vessel-induced waves and provided suitable conditions for the development of aquatic plants. However, in time it became less suitable for other aquatic organisms due to hypoxic conditions in late summer. This study aimed to comparatively calculate and analyze the oxygen balance of the rehabilitation structure and the main channel five years after the construction in 2009...
October 4, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710837/the-influence-of-the-aquatic-environment-on-the-control-of-postural-sway
#12
Andresa R Marinho-Buzelli, Hossein Rouhani, Kei Masani, Mary C Verrier, Milos R Popovic
Balance training in the aquatic environment is often used in rehabilitation practice to improve static and dynamic balance. Although aquatic therapy is widely used in clinical practice, we still lack evidence on how immersion in water actually impacts postural control. We examined how postural sway measured using centre of pressure and trunk acceleration parameters are influenced by the aquatic environment along with the effects of visual information. Our results suggest that the aquatic environment increases postural instability, measured by the centre of pressure parameters in the time-domain...
January 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676744/shoulder-joint-moment-work-and-power-during-slow-underwater-scapular-plane-abduction-adduction
#13
Jessy Lauer, Stéphane Vigier, Frédéric Delage, Alain Meudec, Jean-Michel Pollet, João Paulo Vilas-Boas, Annie Rouard
OBJECTIVE: Aquatic shoulder exercises are widely implemented into rehabilitation programs to provide early muscle strengthening and improved joint mobility. However, since the drag - the force exerted by the water on the moving segments - is very hard to measure, an in-depth knowledge of internal joint load is lacking, which ultimately prevents healthcare professionals from understanding all clinical implications. For the first time, shoulder joint moment, work, and power were calculated through a novel, validated numerical approach coupling fluid flow simulations and inverse dynamics...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666160/effectiveness-of-aquatic-exercise-in-improving-lower-limb-strength-in-musculoskeletal-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Sophie Heywood, Jodie McClelland, Benjamin Mentiplay, Paula Geigle, Ann Rahmann, Ross Clark
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of aquatic exercise in improving lower limb strength in people with musculoskeletal conditions. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search used 5 databases, including MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, SPORTDiscus, and The Cochrane Library. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials evaluating aquatic exercise with a resistance training component for adults with musculoskeletal conditions compared with no intervention or land-based exercise were identified...
January 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639440/easily-administered-patient-reported-outcome-measures-adolescents-perceived-functional-changes-after-completing-an-intensive-chronic-pain-rehabilitation-program
#15
Heidi Kempert, Ethan Benore, Rachel Heines
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patient-reported measures would be clinically sensitive and useful for identifying functional change within an intensive chronic pain program setting by examining 2 patient-reported measures administered as part of physical and occupational therapy for chronic pain. DESIGN: A retrospective data analysis of children and adolescents with chronic pain treated over a single calendar year. Paired t tests evaluated change in perceived function measures and pain over time...
January 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632861/landing-technique-improvements-after-an-aquatic-based-neuromuscular-training-program-in-physically-active-females
#16
Samantha E Scarneo, Hayley J Root, Jessica C Martinez, Craig Denegar, Douglas J Casa, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Catie L Dann, Giselle Aerni, Lindsay J DiStefano
CONTEXT: Neuromuscular training programs (NTPs) improve landing technique and decrease vertical ground reaction forces (VGRF) resulting in injury risk reduction. NTPs in an aquatic environment may elicit the same improvements as land-based programs with reduced joint stress. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of an aquatic NTP on landing technique, as measured by the Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) and VGRF, immediately and 4-months following the intervention...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589931/upper-limb-joint-forces-and-moments-during-underwater-cyclical-movements
#17
Jessy Lauer, Annie Hélène Rouard, João Paulo Vilas-Boas
Sound inverse dynamics modeling is lacking in aquatic locomotion research because of the difficulty in measuring hydrodynamic forces in dynamic conditions. Here we report the successful implementation and validation of an innovative methodology crossing new computational fluid dynamics and inverse dynamics techniques to quantify upper limb joint forces and moments while moving in water. Upper limb kinematics of seven male swimmers sculling while ballasted with 4kg was recorded through underwater motion capture...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346481/qualitative-perspectives-on-aquatic-exercise-initiation-and-satisfaction-among-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Sarah Chard
PURPOSE: To identify the individual and social experiences underlying the initiation and satisfaction with aquatic exercise among persons with MS. METHODS: A convenience sample (n = 45) of persons aged ≥18 with MS who had engaged in water-based exercise within the previous six months completed a 60-90 min semi-structured telephone interview regarding their aquatic exercise experiences. RESULTS: An aquatic exercise history was not a prerequisite for the adoption of aquatic exercise...
June 26, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294723/non-use-economic-values-for-little-known-aquatic-species-at-risk-comparing-choice-experiment-results-from-surveys-focused-on-species-guilds-and-ecosystems
#19
Murray A Rudd, Sheri Andres, Mary Kilfoil
Accounting for non-market economic values of biological diversity is important to fully assess the benefits of environmental policies and regulations. This study used three choice experiments (species-, guild-, and ecosystem-based surveys) in parallel to quantify non-use values for little-known aquatic species at risk in southern Ontario. Mean willingness-to-pay (WTP) ranged from $9.45 to $21.41 per listing status increment under Canada's Species at Risk Act for both named and unnamed little-known species. Given the broad range of valuable ecosystem services likely to accrue to residents from substantial increases in water quality and the rehabilitation of coastal wetlands, the difference in WTP between species- and ecosystem-based surveys seemed implausibly small...
September 2016: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236637/spatiotemporal-kinematic-force-and-muscle-activation-outcomes-during-gait-and-functional-exercise-in-water-compared-to-on-land-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Sophie Heywood, Jodie McClelland, Paula Geigle, Ann Rahmann, Ross Clark
BACKGROUND: Exercises replicating functional activities are commonly used in aquatic rehabilitation although it is not clear how the movement characteristics differ between the two environments. A systematic review was completed in order to compare the biomechanics of gait, closed kinetic chain and plyometric exercise when performed in water and on land. METHODS: Databases including MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, Embase and the Cochrane library were searched. Studies were included where a functional lower limb activity was performed in water and on land with the same instructions...
July 2016: Gait & Posture
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