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robot assisted surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775978/-initiating-a-robotic-program-for-abdominal-surgery-experiences-from-a-centre-in-germany
#1
Maximilian Brunner, Klaus Matzel, Archil Aladashvili, Christian Krautz, Robert Grützmann, Roland Croner
PURPOSE: Robotic systems are becoming increasingly important in abdominal surgery. We describe the implementation of a robotic program at a German centre for abdominal surgery, with focus on feasibility, safety, patient selection, learning curves, financial aspects and the lessons learned. METHODS: This retrospective analysis covered data on patient demographics, intra- and postoperative parameters, oncological results and costs of all robotic-assisted abdominal operations performed at our institution between August 2012 to December 2016...
May 18, 2018: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775973/safety-model-for-the-introduction-of-robotic-surgery-in-gynecology
#2
Mariano Tamura Vieira Gomes, Beatriz Taliberti da Costa Porto, Jose Pedro Parise Filho, Ana Luiz Vasconcelos, Bruna Fernanda Bottura, Renato Moretti Marques
OBJECTIVE:  To analyze the perioperative results and safety of performing gynecological surgeries using robot-assisted laparoscopy during implementation of the technique in a community hospital over a 6-year period. METHODS:  This was a retrospective observational study in which the medical records of 274 patients who underwent robotic surgery from September 2008 to December 2014 were analyzed. We evaluated age, body mass index (BMI), diagnosis, procedures performed, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, the presence of a proctor (experienced surgeon with at least 20 robotic cases), operative time, transfusion rate, perioperative complications, conversion rate, length of stay, referral to the intensive care unit (ICU), and mortality...
May 18, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775552/right-colon-resection-for-colon-cancer-does-surgical-approach-matter
#3
Ivy N Haskins, Tammy Ju, Matthew Skancke, Xiangyu Kuang, Richard L Amdur, Fred Brody, Vincent Obias, Samir Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection with curative intent remains the standard of care for colon cancer. This study aims to compare the 30-day outcomes and oncologic results following open, laparoscopic, and robot-assisted right colon resection for colon cancer using the Targeted Colectomy American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients undergoing elective, right colon resection with primary anastomosis were identified within the targeted colectomy ACS-NSQIP database...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774930/-advertent-problems-about-gastric-stump-cancer-surgery
#4
Han Liang
Due to different disease background of gastric stump cancer(GSC) patients (benign or malignant lesion, reconstruction of digestive tract, etc.), the GSC surgical procedure and the difficulty of lymphadenectomy are also different. The extent of radical lymphadenectomy for gastric stump cancer should extend beyond D2 lymphadenectomy, according to the different backgrounds of initial disease, reconstructions, and tumor location. A lymphadenectomy should include the lymph nodes in anterior (No.17) and posterior (No...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774817/bladder-reconstruction-with-bowel-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-ileocystoplasty-with-mitrofanoff-appendicovesicostomy-in-pediatric-patients
#5
Nimrod S Barashi, Maria Veronica Rodriguez, Vignesh T Packiam, Mohan S Gundeti
Neurogenic bladder occur as a consequence of several conditions, most commonly posterior urethral valves syndrome, spina bifida, tethered cord, sacral agenesis, and Arnold-Chiari malformation. It is characterized by diminished bladder capacity and/or reduced compliance, associated with high-pressure voiding that can lead to deterioration of renal function if left untreated. When medical management fails, bladder reconstruction with bowel (aumentation ileocystoplasty) becomes the treatment of choice for these patients...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774815/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-adrenalectomy
#6
Vignesh T Packiam, Nimrod S Barashi, Arieh L Shalhav
Adrenalectomies are increasingly performed using minimally invasive approaches. The widespread adoption of robot-assisted laparoscopy for other urologic surgeries has dramatically increased the popularity of this approach for adrenal surgery.
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774814/robotic-pyeloplasty
#7
Andrew Bergersen, Raju Thomas, Benjamin R Lee
Historically, the gold standard for management of ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) has been open pyeloplasty. However, continued technological and surgical advances have ultimately led to the robotic approach. Continued advances in minimally invasive surgery have led to shorter hospital stays and hastened recovery. Here we present our step by step guide and video to robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty.
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774812/robot-assisted-simple-prostatectomy-by-an-extraperitoneal-approach
#8
Jens-Uwe Stolzenburg, Panagiotis Kallidonis, Iason Kyriazis, Dimitrios Kotsiris, Panteleimon Ntasiotis, Evangelos N Liatsikos
The incidence of symptomatic benign prostate hyperplasia and bladder outlet obstruction has increased during the last two decades. Most of men are treated conservatively. When medical therapy is inadequate to relief symptoms, surgical treatment is necessary. Absolute indications for surgical treatment are gross hematuria, recurrent urinary infections and retentions as well as bladder stones. With advent of minimally invasive surgery, large prostates tend to be treated either endoscopically or laparoscopically (including robotic assistance)...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774809/robotic-partial-nephrectomy-for-a-peripheral-renal-tumor
#9
Caleb A Cooper, Cheuk Fan Shum, Chandru P Sundaram
Partial nephrectomy (PN) is the preferred surgical treatment for T1 renal tumors whenever technically feasible. When properly performed, it allows preservation of nephron mass without compromising oncologic outcomes. This reduces the postoperative risk of renal insufficiency, which translates into better overall survival for the patients. PN can be technically challenging, because it requires the surgeon to complete the tasks of tumor excision, hemostasis and renorrhaphy, all within an ischemic time of preferably below 30 minutes...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774808/single-port-robot-assisted-perineal-prostatectomy-and-pelvic-lymphadenectomy-step-by-step-technique-in-a-cadaveric-model
#10
Matthew J Maurice, Jihad H Kaouk
The envelope is constantly being pushed to minimize the invasiveness of prostate cancer surgery without compromising oncologic or functional outcomes. Transperitoneal robot-assisted radical prostatectomy has certainly accomplished these goals. However, it is our intent to push the envelope even further, that is, to minimize the invasiveness of already minimally invasive surgery. To accomplish this lofty goal, we borrowed the transperineal approach from open surgery and fused it with the latest robotic technology to innovate an extraperitoneal robotic prostatectomy technique that is less invasive than the traditional robotic technique...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770922/application-of-minimally-invasive-pancreatic-surgery-an-italian-survey
#11
Giovanni Capretti, Ugo Boggi, Roberto Salvia, Giulio Belli, Roberto Coppola, Massimo Falconi, Andrea Valeri, Alessandro Zerbi
The value of minimally invasive pancreatic surgery (MIPS) is still debated. To assess the diffusion of MIPS in Italy and identify the barriers preventing wider implementation, a questionnaire was developed under the auspices of three Scientific Societies (AISP, It-IHPBA, SICE) and was sent to the largest possible number of Italian surgeons also using the mailing list of the two main Italian Surgical Societies (SIC and ACOI). The questionnaire consisted of 25 questions assessing: centre characteristics, facilities and technologies, type of MIPS performed, surgical techniques employed and opinions on the present and future value of MIPS...
May 16, 2018: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770881/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-resection-of-clinical-t4b-tumours-of-distal-sigmoid-and-rectum-initial-results
#12
Rogier M P H Crolla, Janneke J C Tersteeg, George P van der Schelling, Jan H Wijsman, Jennifer M J Schreinemakers
BACKGROUND: Radical resection by multivisceral resection of colorectal T4 tumours is important to reduce local recurrence and improve survival. Oncological safety of laparoscopic resection of T4 tumours is controversial. However, robot-assisted resections might have advantages, such as 3D view and greater range of motion of instruments. The aim of this study is to evaluate the initial results of robot-assisted resection of T4 rectal and distal sigmoid tumours. METHODS: This is a cohort study of a prospectively kept database of all robot-assisted rectal and sigmoid resections between 2012 and 2017...
May 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766308/robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-groin-hernia-repair-observational-case-control-study-on-the-operative-time-during-the-learning-curve
#13
Filip Muysoms, Stijn Van Cleven, Iris Kyle-Leinhase, Conrad Ballecer, Archana Ramaswamy
BACKGROUND: Robotic groin hernia repair (r-TAPP) is demonstrating rapid adoption in the US. Barriers in Europe include: low availability of robotic systems to general surgeons, cost of robotic instruments, and the perception of longer operative time. METHODS: Patients undergoing r-TAPP in our start-up period were prospectively entered in the EuraHS database and compared to laparoscopic TAPP (l-TAPP) performed by the same surgeon within the context of two other prospective studies...
May 15, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761618/robot-assisted-total-hip-arthroplasty-clinical-outcomes-and-complication-rate
#14
Itay Perets, John P Walsh, Mary R Close, Brian H Mu, Leslie C Yuen, Benjamin G Domb
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to report minimum 2-year outcomes and complications for robotic-arm-assisted total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Data were prospectively collected and retrospectively reviewed between June 2011 and April 2014. Inclusion criteria were primary robotic-arm-assisted THAs treating idiopathic osteoarthritis with ≥ 2-year follow-up. Demographics, operating time, complications, 2-year outcome scores and satisfaction, and subsequent surgeries were recorded...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761276/does-robotic-rectal-cancer-surgery-improve-the-results-of-experienced-laparoscopic-surgeons-an-observational-single-institution-study-comparing-168-robotic-assisted-with-184-laparoscopic-rectal-resections
#15
Rogier M P H Crolla, Paul G Mulder, George P van der Schelling
BACKGROUND: The role of robotic assistance in colorectal cancer surgery has not been established yet. We compared the results of robotic assisted with those of laparoscopic rectal resections done by two surgeons experienced in laparoscopic as well as in robotic rectal cancer surgery. METHODS: Two surgeons who were already experienced laparoscopic colorectal surgeons in 2005 started robotic surgery with the daVinci SI system in 2012. All their rectal cancer resections between 2005 and 2015 were retrieved from a prospectively recorded colorectal database of routinely collected patient data...
May 14, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761273/a-randomised-trial-of-observational-learning-from-2d-and-3d-models-in-robotically-assisted-surgery
#16
David J Harris, Samuel J Vine, Mark R Wilson, John S McGrath, Marie-Eve LeBel, Gavin Buckingham
BACKGROUND: Advances in 3D technology mean that both robotic surgical devices and surgical simulators can now incorporate stereoscopic viewing capabilities. While depth information may benefit robotic surgical performance, it is unclear whether 3D viewing also aids skill acquisition when learning from observing others. As observational learning plays a major role in surgical skills training, this study aimed to evaluate whether 3D viewing provides learning benefits in a robotically assisted surgical task...
May 14, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759661/integrity-of-the-urethral-sphincter-complex-nerve-sparing-and-long-term-continence-status-after-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#17
Myong Kim, Myungchan Park, Sahyun Pak, Seung-Kwon Choi, Myungsun Shim, Cheryn Song, Hanjong Ahn
BACKGROUND: The applicability of the sphincter complex integral theory to robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is unclear, with little known about the long-term effect of sphincter complex integrity on continence. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the preoperative anatomical and functional features of the sphincter complex and the degree of nerve-sparing affect long-term continence after RARP. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective study of 529 patients who underwent RARP at a single tertiary center...
May 11, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758207/lung-cancer-invading-a-coronary-graft-role-of-coronary-intervention-and-robotic-surgery
#18
Stephani C Wang, Hiren Patel, Walter W Scott
The treatment of primary lung cancer of the left upper lobe in those with prior coronary artery bypass graft is difficult to plan and execute due to potential for invasion into coronary grafts, particularly the left internal mammary. We present a patient with squamous cell carcinoma invading into coronary artery bypass grafts, but successfully treated by combination of percutaneous coronary intervention followed by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.
May 11, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754621/incisional-hernia-repair-minimally-invasive-approaches
#19
REVIEW
Jeremy A Warren, Michael Love
A common surgical procedure, ventral hernia repair has long been a vexing problem, with no clear standard for repair and significant postoperative morbidity. Laparoscopic repair has the clear advantage of lower postoperative morbidity. However, application of laparoscopic ventral hernia repair is often limited by patient factors and hernia morphology. Long-term complications of intraperitoneal mesh and recurrence are concerning. Robotic-assisted surgery is the latest advance in minimally invasive hernia repair, combining the advantages of open repair with complete abdominal wall reconstruction and restoration of functional anatomy with the wound morbidity and decreased recovery time of laparoscopy...
June 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745060/robotic-assisted-approach-to-median-arcuate-ligament-syndrome-with-left-gastric-artery-originating-directly-from-the-aorta-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-current-mini-invasive-treatment-modalities
#20
REVIEW
Mauro Podda, Gian Pietro Gusai, Francesco Balestra, Giulio Argenio, Fabio Pulighe, Salomone Di Saverio, Carlo De Nisco
BACKGROUND: Median Arcuate Ligament Syndrome (MALS) is a rare clinical condition. METHODS: Through the analysis of a case report and a review of the international literature, we examined whether robotic and laparoscopic MAL release are safe and feasible. RESULTS: Of 354 and 19 patients who underwent laparoscopic MAL release (LMALr) and robotic-assisted MAL release (RMALr), respectively, conversion to open surgery occurred in 6.8% of cases following LMALr, whereas no case of conversion was reported following RMALr...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
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