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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530627/-laparoscopic-treatment-of-retroperitoneal-fibrosis
#1
Carlos Hernández Fernández, David Subirá Rios, Mercedes Moralejo Gárate, Elena Rodríguez Fernández, Jorge Caño Velasco, Felipe Herranz Amo
Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a disease that may condition a severe involvement of various organs, mainly upper urinary tract, even causing renal insufficiency. It was first described by Albarran in 1905 and it is also known as Ormonds disease. The correct diagnosis includes, in many cases, the performance of one or more tests: CT scan, MRI, renal scan, etc. It is often necessary the insertion of double J catheters on percutaneous nephrostomy tubes with the aim to preserve renal function. Initial treatment is medical, based on corticoids, and , less frequent, immunosuppressive or chemotherapy drugs...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530626/-robotic-kidney-transplantation
#2
Lluis Peri, Mireia Musquera, Laura Izquierdo, Caterina Fernández-Ramón, Anat Melnick, Antonio Alcaraz
OBJECTIVE: Renal transplant surgery has not undergone any major changes until a few years ago, probably due to the technical difficulty involved in performing a laparoscopic transplant. With the introduction of robotic technology, the difficulties derived from laparoscopic surgery in certain procedures have been reduced, so we can now offer a minimally invasive approach to kidney recipients. METHODS: Review of published literature on robotic kidney transplantation...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530625/-robot-assisted-and-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty
#3
Juan Ignacio Pascual-Piédrola, Imanol Merino-Narro, Mateo Hevia-Suárez, Francisco Javier Ancizu-Marckert, Ángel García-Cortés, Pablo Domenech-López
OBJECTIVES: Uretero-pelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction has been classically treated by open dismembered pyeloplasty. Recently, laparoscopic (LP) and robotic pyeloplasty (RP) have become the techniques of choice for the treatment of UPJ stenosis in adult and pediatric population. Our objective in this paper is to review the results of minimally invasive surgery as the treatment of UPJ obstruction, the trend to use these approaches and the current limits of LP and RP. METHODS: A review of most relevant papers and meta-analysis about LP and RP in pediatric and adult population was performed using PubMed...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530617/-principles-of-urinary-tract-reconstructive-surgery
#4
Juan Gomez Rivas, Jesús Cisneros Ledo
INTRODUCTION: In the last 15 years, the role of laparoscopic surgery has progressively increased to include reconstructive procedures such as pyeloplasty and management of ureteral stricture, in addition to being a field in continuous development, this refers to the improvement of ergonomics, new instruments and new techniques. We present a review on basic features of laparoscopic reconstructive surgery in urology. ACQUISITION OF EVIDENCE: For this review, an exhaustive literature search was performed in PUBMED, MEDILNE, BioMed central and others, with the keywords: reconstructive surgery, urology, laparoscopy...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529992/minimally-invasive-surgery-for-gastric-cancer-in-usa-current-status-and-future-perspectives
#5
REVIEW
Ashley Russo, Vivian E Strong
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared gastric carcinoma a global health concern and gastric cancer remains the third leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. With the rising incidence of gastric cancer, a body of both retrospective and randomized data has emerged since the early 1990's evaluating the role of minimally invasive platforms in the management of gastric cancer. While Eastern studies have shown that the laparoscopic approach is safe and feasible for advanced gastric cancer in Eastern patients, it is not clear whether this is true for patients in the West...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521787/robot-assisted-thoracoscopic-lobectomy-as-treatment-of-a-giant-bulla
#6
Rosa Roemers, Kornelis Patberg, Caroline van de Wauwer, Tam Nguyen, Ghada Shahin
BACKGROUND: A bulla is a marked enlarged space within the parenchyma of the lung. Bullae may cause dyspnea by compressing healthy lung parenchyma and can cause a pneumothorax. Also, bullae are associated with malignancy, therefore surgical bullectomy is indicated on preventive basis. This case is unique and therefore valuable because of the remarkable presentation, innovative treatment and the spectacular improvement of lung function and socio-economic performance of the patient. CASE PRESENTATION: In this case report we describe the presentation, minimally invasive surgical treatment by means of a robot-assisted lobectomy and postoperative outcome of a young patient with a giant congenital bulla of the left upper lobe...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515758/medical-robots-in-cardiac-surgery-application-and-perspectives
#7
Karolina Kroczek, Piotr Kroczek, Zbigniew Nawrat
Medical robots offer new standards and opportunities for treatment. This paper presents a review of the literature and market information on the current situation and future perspectives for the applications of robots in cardiac surgery. Currently in the United States, only 10% of thoracic surgical procedures are conducted using robots, while globally this value remains below 1%. Cardiac and thoracic surgeons use robotic surgical systems increasingly often. The goal is to perform more than one hundred thousand minimally invasive robotic surgical procedures every year...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515257/minimally-invasive-techniques-for-treating-gynecologic-malignancies
#8
Amanda N Fader
For many women with endometrial and cervical cancers, minimally invasive surgery represents an alternative standard of care to open abdominal procedures, with fewer complications, better postoperative quality of life, and overall lower cost. At the NCCN 22nd Annual Conference, Amanda N. Fader, MD, reviewed several minimally invasive strategies for treating gynecologic cancers, including conventional laparoscopy, robotic-assisted laparoscopy, sentinel lymph node technology, and single-port surgery; highlighted some of the contemporary literature on the role of these procedures; and explored some of the challenges and barriers to their successful performance...
May 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511122/robotic-assessment-of-neuromuscular-characteristics-using-musculoskeletal-models-a-pilot-study
#9
V R Jayaneththi, J Viloria, L G Wiedemann, C Jarrett, A J McDaid
OBJECTIVE: Non-invasive neuromuscular characterization aims to provide greater insight into the effectiveness of existing and emerging rehabilitation therapies by quantifying neuromuscular characteristics relating to force production, muscle viscoelasticity and voluntary neural activation. In this paper, we propose a novel approach to evaluate neuromuscular characteristics, such as muscle fiber stiffness and viscosity, by combining robotic and HD-sEMG measurements with computational musculoskeletal modeling...
May 10, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509527/robotically-assisted-minimally-invasive-mitral-valve-surgery
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Clinical Privilege White Paper
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508529/mastery-learning-does-the-method-of-learning-make-a-difference-in-skills-acquisition-for-robotic-surgery
#11
Karen L Siroen, Christopher D W Ward, Abelardo Escoto, Michael D Naish, Yves Bureau, Rajni V Patel, Christopher M Schlachta, Sayra M Cristancho, Ana Luisa Trejos
BACKGROUND: Few studies compare the effectiveness of blocked vs random practice conditions in minimally invasive surgery training, and none have evaluated these in robotic surgery training. METHODS: The dV-Trainer(®) and the da Vinci(®) Surgical System (dVSS) were used to compare practice conditions. Forty-two participants were randomized into blocked and random practice groups. Each participant performed five tasks: Ring Walk, Thread the Rings, Needle Targeting, Suture Sponge and Tubes Level 2...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508348/cost-analysis-of-minimally-invasive-radical-hysterectomy-for-cervical-cancer-performed-by-a-single-surgeon-in-an-italian-center-an-update-in-gynecologic-oncological-field
#12
Antonio Pellegrino, Gianluca Raffaello Damiani, Giorgio Fachechi, Cecilia Pirovano, Maria Gaetani, Aly Youssef
The objective of this study is to perform an economic analysis and examine the influence of procedural volume of our hospital, evaluating the accounting systems of Robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH) vs Laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) in patients with cervical carcinoma, due to the costs widely variable and lack in literature. Costs were collected prospectively, from March 2010 to March 2016. Direct costs were determined by examining the overall medical pathway for each type of intervention. 52 patients with cervical carcinoma, which were matched by age, body mass index, tumor size, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, comorbidity, previous neoadjuvant chemotherapy, histology type, and tumor grade to obtain homogeneous samples...
May 15, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506597/a-practice-pattern-assessment-of-members-of-the-society-of-pediatric-urology-for-evaluation-and-treatment-of-urinary-tract-dilation
#13
Jessica N Jackson, Rebecca S Zee, Allison N Martin, Sean T Corbett, C D Anthony Herndon
INTRODUCTION: Over the last decade the literature, including a multidisciplinary consensus statement, has supported a paradigm shift in management of urinary tract dilation, yet the impact on practice patterns has not been well documented. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to elucidate specific practice patterns for treatment of prenatal unilateral urinary tract dilation and to assess surgical intervention patterns for ureteropelvic junction obstruction. STUDY DESIGN: An online survey was distributed to 234 pediatric urologists through the Society of Pediatric Urology...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501452/promoting-same-day-discharge-for-gynecologic-oncology-patients-in-minimally-invasive-hysterectomy
#14
Cynthia R Fountain, Laura J Havrilesky
BACKGROUND: Despite clear data demonstrating feasibility, safety, and cost-effectiveness of same-day discharge after minimally invasive hysterectomy, there is a paucity of data suggesting ways to increase same-day discharge rates. OBJECTIVE: To promote same-day discharge following minimally invasive hysterectomy using preoperative patient education videos, provider same-day discharge awareness initiatives, and standardization of postoperative management. To investigate reasons for overnight admission after surgery (non-same-day discharge)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500580/is-right-colectomy-a-complete-learning-procedure-for-a-robotic-surgical-program
#15
Paolo Raimondi, Francesco Marchegiani, Massimo Cieri, Annadomenica Cichella, Roberto Cotellese, Paolo Innocenti
This study analyses the utility of right colectomy as a learning procedure at the beginning of a robotic surgical program. The hypothesis is that right colectomy contains all the technical steps necessary to acquire basic abilities in robotics surgery. The first 23 consecutive robotic right colectomy performed at the beginning of a robotic program were analysed. All surgical times were recorded in the operating room and second checked on a dedicated video-database. Specific robotic times were analysed using CUSUM method to evaluate the learning curve...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499298/-cochlear-implant-state-of-the-art
#16
Thomas Lenarz
Cochlear implants are the treatment of choice for the auditory rehabilitation of patients with sensory deafness. They restore the missing function of inner hair cells by transforming the acoustic signal into electrical stimuli for activation of auditory nerve fibers. Due to the very fast technology development cochlear implants provide open-set speech understanding in the majority of patients including the use of the telephone. Children can achieve a near to normal speech and language development provided their deafness is detected early after onset and implantation is performed quickly thereafter...
April 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497163/-alternative-approaches-in-thyroid-surgery
#17
E Maurer, S Wächter, D K Bartsch
In thyroid surgery multiple different cervical minimally invasive (partly endoscopically assisted) and extracervical endoscopic (partly robot-assisted) approaches have been developed in the last 20 years. The aim of all these alternative approaches to the thyroid gland is optimization of the cosmetic result. The indications for the use of alternative and conventional approaches are principally the same. Important requirements for the use of alternative methods are nevertheless a broad experience in conventional thyroid operations of the thyroid and adequate patient selection under consideration of the size of the thyroid and the underlying pathology...
May 11, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493165/minimally-invasive-distal-pancreatectomy-greatest-benefit-for-the-frail
#18
Ioannis T Konstantinidis, Aaron Lewis, Byrne Lee, Susanne G Warner, Yanghee Woo, Gagandeep Singh, Yuman Fong, Laleh G Melstrom
OBJECTIVE: The benefits of minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) over open surgery continue to be investigated. Frailty is a known predictor of postoperative outcome. We hypothesized that the benefit of minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy is the greatest for the frailest of patients. METHODS: Data from the pancreas-targeted National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database for 2014 were reviewed. A modified frailty index (mFI) with 11 preoperative variables previously validated for use in NSQIP was used to determine the correlation between frailty and postoperative outcomes, including Clavien grade IV complications...
May 10, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487176/feasibility-of-reduced-port-robotic-surgery-for-myomectomy-with-the-da-vinci-%C3%A2-surgical-system
#19
Jeong Jin Kim, Chahien Choi, Su Hyun Nam, Woo Young Kim
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To present our initial experience with reduced port robotic surgery (RPRS) for myomectomy using Octo-Port. DESIGN: Prospective and noncomparative study. (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: Nineteen consecutive patients with symptomatic uterine fibroids desiring conservative minimally invasive robotic surgery from October 2015 to December 2016 INTERVENTIONS: An 8...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486371/trends-in-mode-of-hysterectomy-after-the-u-s-food-and-drug-administration-power-morcellation-advisory
#20
Helga Ottarsdottir, Sarah L Cohen, Mary Cox, Allison Vitonis, Jon I Einarsson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the trends in mode of surgery for benign hysterectomy after the 2014 U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) morcellation guidelines. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all patients who underwent a hysterectomy for benign indications, specifically for leiomyomas, at Brigham and Women's Hospital from 2013 to 2015. The rates of abdominal, vaginal, laparoscopic, and robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy as well as the perioperative outcomes were compared over the study period...
May 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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