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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141211/lateral-preoptic-control-of-the-lateral-habenula-through-convergent-glutamate-and-gaba-transmission
#1
David J Barker, Jorge Miranda-Barrientos, Shiliang Zhang, David H Root, Hui-Ling Wang, Bing Liu, Erin S Calipari, Marisela Morales
The lateral habenula (LHb) is a brain structure that participates in cognitive and emotional processing and has been implicated in several mental disorders. Although one of the largest inputs to the LHb originates in the lateral preoptic area (LPO), little is known about how the LPO participates in the regulation of LHb function. Here, we provide evidence that the LPO exerts bivalent control over the LHb through the convergent transmission of LPO glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) onto single LHb neurons...
November 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139213/heterogeneous-neuronal-activity-in-the-lateral-habenula-after-short-and-long-term-cocaine-self-administration-in-rats
#2
Ping Gao, Henk J Groenewegen, Louk J M J Vanderschuren, Pieter Voorn
Cocaine addiction is thought to be the result of drug-induced functional changes in a neural network implicated in emotions, learning, and cognitive control. Recent studies have implicated the lateral habenula (LHb) in drug-directed behavior, especially its aversive aspects. Limited cocaine exposure has been shown to alter neuronal activity in the LHb, but the impact of long-term drug exposure on habenula function has not been determined. Therefore, using c-fos as a marker, we here examined neuronal activity in LHb in rats that self-administered cocaine for either 10 or 60 days...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130952/efferent-axonal-projections-of-the-habenular-complex-in-the-fire-bellied-toad-bombina-orientalis
#3
Frédéric Laberge, Allison Smith
The habenular complex and its associated axonal pathways are often thought of as phylogenetically conserved features of the brain among vertebrates despite the fact that detailed studies of this brain region are limited to a few species. Here, the gross morphology and axonal projection pattern of the habenular complex of an anuran amphibian, the fire-bellied toad Bombina orientalis, was studied to allow comparison with the situation in other vertebrates. Axonal pathways were traced using biocytin applications in dissected brain preparations...
November 2, 2017: Brain, Behavior and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128307/rescue-of-glutamate-transport-in-the-lateral-habenula-alleviates-depression-and-anxiety-like-behaviors-in-ethanol-withdrawn-rats
#4
Seungwoo Kang, Jing Li, Alex Bekker, Jiang-Hong Ye
Alcoholism and psychiatric disorders like depression and anxiety are often comorbid. Although the mechanisms underlying this comorbidity are unclear, emerging evidence suggests that maladaptation of the glial glutamate transporter GLT-1 may play a role. Findings from animal and human studies have linked aversive states, including those related to drugs of abuse and depression, to aberrant activity in the lateral habenula (LHb). The relationship between GLT-1 maladaptation, LHb activity, and abnormal behaviors related to alcohol withdrawal, however, remains unknown...
November 8, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107476/the-blueprint-of-the-vertebrate-forebrain-with-special-reference-to-the-habenulae
#5
REVIEW
Sten Grillner, Arndt von Twickel, Brita Robertson
The medial and lateral habenulae are conserved throughout vertebrate evolution, and form an integrated part in the forebrain control of behavior together with the basal ganglia, the dopamine and serotonin systems and cortex. The lateral habenula plays a role in the control of dopamine activity in the context of aversive behavior and the converse, a reward situation. These circuits are important for a value-based evaluation of the success of prior actions. The medial habenula is involved in mediating escape and freezing behavior...
October 26, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107475/development-and-connectivity-of-the-habenular-nuclei
#6
REVIEW
Sara Roberson, Marnie E Halpern
Accumulating evidence has reinforced that the habenular region of the vertebrate dorsal forebrain is an essential integrating center, and a region strongly implicated in neurological disorders and addiction. Despite the important and diverse neuromodulatory roles the habenular nuclei play, their development has been understudied. The emphasis of this review is on the dorsal habenular nuclei of zebrafish, homologous to the medial nuclei of mammals, as recent work has revealed new information about the signaling pathways that regulate their formation...
October 26, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100991/cue-induced-reinstatement-of-alcohol-seeking-behavior-is-associated-with-increased-camkii-t286-phosphorylation-in-the-reward-pathway-of-mice
#7
Michael C Salling, Christopher J Hodge, Kelly E Psilos, Vallari R Eastman, Sara P Faccidomo, Clyde W Hodge
Cue-induced reinstatement of alcohol-seeking is a hallmark behavioral pathology of addiction. Evidence suggests that reinstatement (e.g., relapse), may be regulated by cell signaling systems that underlie neuroplasticity. A variety of plasticity events require activation of calcium calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) in components of the reward pathway, such as the nucleus accumbens and amygdala. We sought to determine if cue-induced reinstatement of alcohol-seeking behavior is associated with changes in the activation state (e...
October 31, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100543/characterization-of-a-thalamic-nucleus-mediating-habenula-responses-to-changes-in-ambient-illumination
#8
Ruey-Kuang Cheng, Seetha Krishnan, Qian Lin, Caroline Kibat, Suresh Jesuthasan
BACKGROUND: Neural activity in the vertebrate habenula is affected by ambient illumination. The nucleus that links photoreceptor activity with the habenula is not well characterized. Here, we describe the location, inputs and potential function of this nucleus in larval zebrafish. RESULTS: High-speed calcium imaging shows that light ON and OFF both evoke a rapid response in the dorsal left neuropil of the habenula, indicating preferential targeting of this neuropil by afferents conveying information about ambient illumination...
October 31, 2017: BMC Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091022/evolution-of-circuits-regulating-pleasure-and-happiness-with-the-habenula-in-control
#9
Anton J M Loonen, Svetlana A Ivanova
The habenula, which in humans is a small nuclear complex within the epithalamus, plays an essential role in regulating the intensity of reward-seeking and adversity-avoiding behavior in all vertebrate ancestors by regulating the activity of ascending midbrain monoaminergic tracts. In lampreys, considered to possess a brain comparable to humans' earliest evolutionary vertebrate ancestor, the activity of the lateral habenula is controlled by a subset of glutamatergic neurons of the animal's pallidum (habenula-projecting globus pallidus) that inhibit reward-seeking behavior when this conduct is not successful enough...
November 1, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074844/limiting-habenular-hyperactivity-ameliorates-maternal-separation-driven-depressive-like-symptoms
#10
Anna Tchenio, Salvatore Lecca, Kristina Valentinova, Manuel Mameli
Early-life stress, including maternal separation (MS), increases the vulnerability to develop mood disorders later in life, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. We report that MS promotes depressive-like symptoms in mice at a mature stage of life. Along with this behavioral phenotype, MS drives reduction of GABAB-GIRK signaling and the subsequent lateral habenula (LHb) hyperexcitability-an anatomical substrate devoted to aversive encoding. Attenuating LHb hyperactivity using chemogenetic tools and deep-brain stimulation ameliorates MS depressive-like symptoms...
October 26, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073971/editorial-si-lateral-habenula
#11
EDITORIAL
Jorge Mendoza, Lucas Lecourtier, Manuel Mameli, Victor Mathis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063110/-the-structure-and-function-of-habenula
#12
Bai-Bing Zhang, Jiu-Lin Du
The habenula (Hb) is an evolutionarily conserved diencephalic structure in vertebrates. It is considered as an emotion center and plays critical roles in regulating diverse types of emotion-related behaviors, including anxiety, fear, reward, depression, and nicotine withdrawal. On the one hand, action selection- and emotion-relevant inputs are transferred to the Hb through the basal ganglia and limbic system, respectively. At the same time, sensory inputs of multiple modalities also converge on the Hb. Among them, the visual input of the Hb from the retina ganglion cells ‒ thalamus pathway has been found to play a critical role in light-preference behavior of zebrafish...
October 25, 2017: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054820/the-vertebrate-habenula
#13
EDITORIAL
Suresh Jesuthasan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054431/lesions-of-the-lateral-habenula-improve-working-memory-performance-in-hemiparkinsonian-rats
#14
Cheng Xue Du, Jian Liu, Yuan Guo, Li Zhang, Qiao Jun Zhang
The lateral habenula (LHb) is an important structure involved in various brain functions, because it controls the activity of dopaminergic and serotonergic systems in the midbrain. The impairment of working memory commonly occurs in Parkinson's disease; however, it is not clear whether the LHb involves in the regulation of working memory in rats with unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB). In this study, we found that the MFB lesions in rats decreased choice accuracy as measured by the T-maze rewarded alternation test compared to control rats, indicating the induction of working memory impairment, and decreased dopamine (DA) levels in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), hippocampus and amygdala...
October 17, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042244/selectivity-of-coronaridine-congeners-at-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-and-inhibitory-activity-on-mouse-medial-habenula
#15
Hugo R Arias, Xiaotao Jin, Dominik Feuerbach, Ryan M Drenan
The inhibitory activity of coronaridine congeners on human (h) α4β2 and α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) is determined by Ca(2+) influx assays, whereas their effects on neurons in the ventral inferior (VI) aspect of the mouse medial habenula (MHb) are determined by patch-clamp recordings. The Ca(2+) influx results clearly establish that coronaridine congeners inhibit hα3β4 AChRs with higher selectivity compared to hα4β2 and hα7 subtypes, and with the following potency sequence, for hα4β2: (±)-18-methoxycoronaridine [(±)-18-MC]>(+)-catharanthine>(±)-18-methylaminocoronaridine [(±)-18-MAC] ∼ (±)-18-hydroxycoronaridine [(±)-18-HC]; and for hα7: (+)-catharanthine>(±)-18-MC>(±)-18-HC>(±)-18-MAC...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986462/the-lateral-habenula-and-its-input-to-the-rostromedial-tegmental-nucleus-mediates-outcome-specific-conditioned-inhibition
#16
Vincent Laurent, Felix L Wong, Bernard W Balleine
Animals can readily learn that stimuli predict the absence of specific appetitive outcomes; however, the neural substrates underlying such outcome-specific conditioned inhibition remain largely unexplored. Here, we examined the involvement of the lateral habenula (LHb) and of its inputs onto the rostromedial tegmental nucleus (RMTg) in inhibitory learning using female and male rats as subjects. In these experiments, we used backward conditioning and contingency reversal to establish outcome-specific conditioned inhibitors for two distinct appetitive outcomes, and then assessed the effects of manipulations of the LHb and the LHb-RMTg pathway on that inhibitory encoding using the Pavlovian-instrumental transfer paradigm...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986065/a-little-rein-on-addiction
#17
REVIEW
Ajay S Mathuru
Rewarding and aversive experiences influence emotions, motivate specific behaviors, and modify future action in animals. Multiple conserved vertebrate neural circuits have been discovered that act in a species-specific manner to reinforce behaviors that are rewarding, while attenuating those with an adverse outcome. A growing body of research now suggests that malfunction of the same circuits is an underlying cause for many human disorders and mental ailments. The habenula (Latin for "little rein") complex, an epithalamic structure that regulates midbrain monoaminergic activity has emerged in recent years as one such region in the vertebrate brain that modulates behavior...
October 3, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956338/the-role-of-phosphodiesterase-2-in-psychiatric-and-neurodegenerative-disorders
#18
Chong Zhang, Lindsay M Lueptow, Han-Ting Zhang, James M O'Donnell, Ying Xu
Cyclic nucleotide PDEs are a super-family of enzymes responsible for regulating intracellular levels of the second messengers cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). Through their catalysis, PDEs are able to exert tight regulation over these important intracellular signaling cascades. Previously, PDEs have been implicated in learning and memory, as well as in mood disorders, such as anxiety and depression. PDE2 is of special interest due to its high level of expression in the forebrain, specifically in the isocortex, entorhinal cortex, striatum, hippocampus, amygdala, and medial habenula...
2017: Advances in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954569/the-dorsal-medial-habenula-minimally-impacts-circadian-regulation-of-locomotor-activity-and-sleep
#19
Yun-Wei A Hsu, Jennifer J Gile, Jazmine G Perez, Glenn Morton, Miriam Ben-Hamo, Eric E Turner, Horacio O de la Iglesia
In nocturnal rodents, voluntary wheel-running activity (WRA) represents a self-reinforcing behavior. We have previously demonstrated that WRA is markedly reduced in mice with a region-specific deletion of the transcription factor Pou4f1 (Brn3a), which leads to an ablation of the dorsal medial habenula (dMHb). The decrease in WRA in these dMHb-lesioned (dMHb(CKO)) mice suggests that the dMHb constitutes a critical center for conveying reinforcement by exercise. However, WRA also represents a prominent output of the circadian system, and the possibility remains that the dMHb is a source of input to the master circadian pacemaker located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883484/astrocytes-and-oligodendrocytes-in-grey-and-white-matter-regions-of-the-brain-metabolize-fatty-acids
#20
Kristina Hofmann, Rosalia Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Anne Gaebler, Núria Casals, Anja Scheller, Lars Kuerschner
The grey and white matter regions of the mammalian brain consist of both neurons and neuroglial cells. Among the neuroglia, the two macroglia oligodendrocytes and astrocytes are the most abundant cell types. While the major function of oligodendrocytes is the formation of the lipid-rich myelin structure, the heterogeneous group of astrocytes fulfils a multitude of important roles in cerebral development and homeostasis. Brain lipid homeostasis involves the synthesis of a specific cerebral lipidome by local lipid metabolism...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
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