keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Habenula

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346767/functional-principles-of-posterior-septal-inputs-to-the-medial-habenula
#1
Yo Otsu, Salvatore Lecca, Katarzyna Pietrajtis, Charly Vincent Rousseau, Païkan Marcaggi, Guillaume Pierre Dugué, Caroline Mailhes-Hamon, Manuel Mameli, Marco Alberto Diana
The medial habenula (MHb) is an epithalamic hub contributing to expression and extinction of aversive states by bridging forebrain areas and midbrain monoaminergic centers. Although contradictory information exists regarding their synaptic properties, the physiology of the excitatory inputs to the MHb from the posterior septum remains elusive. Here, combining optogenetics-based mapping with ex vivo and in vivo physiology, we examine the synaptic properties of posterior septal afferents to the MHb and how they influence behavior...
January 16, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341136/phylogeny-and-distribution-of-protein-kinase-c-variants-in-the-zebrafish
#2
Marion F Haug, Matthias Gesemann, Manuela Berger, Stephan C F Neuhauss
Conventional protein kinases - consisting of α, β, and γ family members - play key roles in numerous signal transduction events. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated the existence of five prkcs (the genes representing PKCs) in zebrafish, two paralogous forms of prkca and -b and one prkcg variant. mRNA expression analysis showed distinct, mainly nervous system specific expression, for all five prkc genes. For prkca and prkcb paralogs prominent expression can be seen in the telencephalon, in diencephalic regions such as the habenula or the optic tectum, in hypothalamic areas and in distinct cerebellar structures...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339520/targeted-knockout-of-a-chemokine-like-gene-increases-anxiety-and-fear-responses
#3
Jung-Hwa Choi, Yun-Mi Jeong, Sujin Kim, Boyoung Lee, Krishan Ariyasiri, Hyun-Taek Kim, Seung-Hyun Jung, Kyu-Seok Hwang, Tae-Ik Choi, Chul O Park, Won-Ki Huh, Matthias Carl, Jill A Rosenfeld, Salmo Raskin, Alan Ma, Jozef Gecz, Hyung-Goo Kim, Jin-Soo Kim, Ho-Chul Shin, Doo-Sang Park, Robert Gerlai, Bradley B Jamieson, Joon S Kim, Karl J Iremonger, Sang H Lee, Hee-Sup Shin, Cheol-Hee Kim
Emotional responses, such as fear and anxiety, are fundamentally important behavioral phenomena with strong fitness components in most animal species. Anxiety-related disorders continue to represent a major unmet medical need in our society, mostly because we still do not fully understand the mechanisms of these diseases. Animal models may speed up discovery of these mechanisms. The zebrafish is a highly promising model organism in this field. Here, we report the identification of a chemokine-like gene family, samdori (sam), and present functional characterization of one of its members, sam2 We show exclusive mRNA expression of sam2 in the CNS, predominantly in the dorsal habenula, telencephalon, and hypothalamus...
January 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336819/identification-of-a-corticohabenular-circuit-regulating-socially-directed-behavior
#4
Madhurima Benekareddy, Tevye Jason Stachniak, Andreas Bruns, Frederic Knoflach, Markus von Kienlin, Basil Künnecke, Anirvan Ghosh
BACKGROUND: The prefrontal cortex (PFC) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of social dysfunction, but the specific circuit partners mediating PFC function in health and disease are unclear. METHODS: The excitatory designer receptor exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADD) hM3Dq was used to induce PFC activation during social behavior measured in the three-chamber sociability assay (rats/mice). Functional magnetic resonance imaging was combined with hM3Dq-mediated PFC activation to identify novel nodes in the "social brain" in a hypothesis-free manner...
December 2, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316846/acute-stress-evokes-sexually-dimorphic-stressor-specific-patterns-of-neural-activation-across-multiple-limbic-brain-regions-in-adult-rats
#5
Ankit Sood, Karina Chaudhari, Vidita A Vaidya
Stress enhances the risk for psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression. Stress responses vary across sex and may underlie the heightened vulnerability to psychopathology in females. Here, we examined the influence of acute immobilization stress (AIS) and a two-day short-term forced swim stress (FS) on neural activation in multiple cortical and subcortical brain regions, implicated as targets of stress and in the regulation of neuroendocrine stress responses, in male and female rats using Fos as a neural activity marker...
January 10, 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309799/circuit-based-frameworks-of-depressive-behaviors-the-role-of-reward-circuitry-and-beyond
#6
REVIEW
Daniel Knowland, Byung Kook Lim
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common but serious neuropsychiatric affliction that comprises a diverse set of symptoms such as the inability to feel pleasure, lack of motivation, changes in appetite, and cognitive difficulties. Given the patient to patient symptomatic variability in MDD and differing severities of individual symptoms, it is likely that maladaptive changes in distinct brain areas may mediate discrete symptoms in MDD. The advent and recent surge of studies using viral-genetic approaches have allowed for circuit-specific dissection of networks underlying motivational behavior...
January 5, 2018: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248667/the-lateral-habenula-interacts-with-the-hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal-axis-response-upon-stressful-cognitive-demand-in-rats
#7
Victor Mathis, Brigitte Cosquer, Alexandra Barbelivien, Karine Herbeaux, Béatrice Bothorel, Dominique Sage-Ciocca, Vincent-Joseph Poirel, Chantal Mathis, Lucas Lecourtier
The lateral habenula (LHb) is involved in emotional and cognitive behaviors. Recently, we have shown in rats that blockade of excitatory inputs to the LHb not only induced deficits of memory retrieval in the water maze, but also altered swim strategies (i.e., induced excessive thigmotaxis). The latter observation, although consistent with the occurrence of memory deficits, could also possibly be the consequence of an excessive level of stress, further suggesting a role for the LHb in the stress response in our behavioral paradigm...
December 14, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209769/different-behavioral-neural-and-neuropeptide-responses-of-fathers-to-their-own-and-to-alien-pups-in-mandarin-voles
#8
Wei Yuan, Xiang-Ping Yang, Peng Yu, Rui Jia, Fa-Dao Tai, Bin Wei, Xiao Liu, Lei-Ge Ma
Mothers often prefer to care for their own offspring rather than those of other females. However, whether fathers respond differently to their own pups and to alien ones remains unclear. In this study, we found that male mandarin voles (Microtus mandarinus) directed more sniffing toward their own pups than toward alien pups. The numbers of Fos-immunoreactive neurons in the medial preoptic nucleus, bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, nucleus accumbens, anterior cingulate cortex were significantly increased when fathers were exposed to an alien pups; however, more brain regions such as paraventricular nucleus, hypothalamic supraoptic nucleus, lateral habenula, ventral lateral septal nucleus, and medial amygdaloid nucleus showed increased number of Fos-immunoreactive neurons activated when the fathers were exposed to their own pups...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209184/dynamics-of-intersubject-brain-networks-during-anxious-anticipation
#9
Mahshid Najafi, Joshua Kinnison, Luiz Pessoa
How do large-scale brain networks reorganize during the waxing and waning of anxious anticipation? Here, threat was dynamically modulated during human functional MRI as two circles slowly meandered on the screen; if they touched, an unpleasant shock was delivered. We employed intersubject correlation analysis, which allowed the investigation of network-level functional connectivity across brains, and sought to determine how network connectivity changed during periods of approach (circles moving closer) and periods of retreat (circles moving apart)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196669/author-correction-down-regulation-of-cholinergic-signaling-in-the-habenula-induces-anhedonia-like-behavior
#10
Seungrie Han, Soo Hyun Yang, Jin Yong Kim, Seojung Mo, Esther Yang, Ki Myung Song, Byung-Joo Ham, Naguib Mechawar, Gustavo Turecki, Hyun Woo Lee, Hyun Kim
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML version of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper.
December 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181695/memri-reveals-altered-activity-in-brain-regions-associated-with-anxiety-locomotion-and-cardiovascular-reactivity-on-the-elevated-plus-maze-in-the-wky-vs-shr-rats
#11
Jasenka Zubcevic, Jacqueline Watkins, Pablo D Perez, Luis M Colon-Perez, Maureen T Long, Marcelo Febo, Linda Hayward
Individuals with anxiety/depression often have exaggerated cardiovascular responses to stressful stimuli and a comorbidity with hypertension. Alternatively, individuals with hypertension can be more anxious. In the present study cardiovascular changes were evaluated during behavioral testing of anxious behavior on the elevated plus maze (EPM) in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), a rodent model of neurogenic hypertension, and compared to the response of the more anxious, but normotensive, Wistar-Kyoto rat (WKY)...
November 27, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175713/lateral-habenula-in-the-pathophysiology-of-depression
#12
REVIEW
Yan Yang, Hao Wang, Ji Hu, Hailan Hu
Depression is a devastating disorder with a combination of diverse symptoms such as low self-esteem, lack of motivation, anhedonia, loss of appetite, low energy, and discomfort without a clear cause. Depression has been suggested to be the result of maladaptive changes in specific brain circuits. Recently, the lateral habenula (LHb) has emerged as a key brain region in the pathophysiology of depression. Increasing evidence from rodent, non-human primate and human studies indicates that the aberrant activity of the LHb is associated with depressive symptoms such as helplessness, anhedonia, and excessive negative focus...
November 23, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141211/lateral-preoptic-control-of-the-lateral-habenula-through-convergent-glutamate-and-gaba-transmission
#13
David J Barker, Jorge Miranda-Barrientos, Shiliang Zhang, David H Root, Hui-Ling Wang, Bing Liu, Erin S Calipari, Marisela Morales
The lateral habenula (LHb) is a brain structure that participates in cognitive and emotional processing and has been implicated in several mental disorders. Although one of the largest inputs to the LHb originates in the lateral preoptic area (LPO), little is known about how the LPO participates in the regulation of LHb function. Here, we provide evidence that the LPO exerts bivalent control over the LHb through the convergent transmission of LPO glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) onto single LHb neurons...
November 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139213/heterogeneous-neuronal-activity-in-the-lateral-habenula-after-short-and-long-term-cocaine-self-administration-in-rats
#14
Ping Gao, Henk J Groenewegen, Louk J M J Vanderschuren, Pieter Voorn
Cocaine addiction is thought to be the result of drug-induced functional changes in a neural network implicated in emotions, learning, and cognitive control. Recent studies have implicated the lateral habenula (LHb) in drug-directed behavior, especially its aversive aspects. Limited cocaine exposure has been shown to alter neuronal activity in the LHb, but the impact of long-term drug exposure on habenula function has not been determined. Therefore, using c-fos as a marker, we here examined neuronal activity in LHb in rats that self-administered cocaine for either 10 or 60 days...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130952/efferent-axonal-projections-of-the-habenular-complex-in-the-fire-bellied-toad-bombina-orientalis
#15
Frédéric Laberge, Allison Smith
The habenular complex and its associated axonal pathways are often thought of as phylogenetically conserved features of the brain among vertebrates despite the fact that detailed studies of this brain region are limited to a few species. Here, the gross morphology and axonal projection pattern of the habenular complex of an anuran amphibian, the fire-bellied toad Bombina orientalis, was studied to allow comparison with the situation in other vertebrates. Axonal pathways were traced using biocytin applications in dissected brain preparations...
November 2, 2017: Brain, Behavior and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128307/rescue-of-glutamate-transport-in-the-lateral-habenula-alleviates-depression-and-anxiety-like-behaviors-in-ethanol-withdrawn-rats
#16
Seungwoo Kang, Jing Li, Alex Bekker, Jiang-Hong Ye
Alcoholism and psychiatric disorders like depression and anxiety are often comorbid. Although the mechanisms underlying this comorbidity are unclear, emerging evidence suggests that maladaptation of the glial glutamate transporter GLT-1 may play a role. Findings from animal and human studies have linked aversive states, including those related to drugs of abuse and depression, to aberrant activity in the lateral habenula (LHb). The relationship between GLT-1 maladaptation, LHb activity, and abnormal behaviors related to alcohol withdrawal, however, remains unknown...
November 8, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107476/the-blueprint-of-the-vertebrate-forebrain-with-special-reference-to-the-habenulae
#17
REVIEW
Sten Grillner, Arndt von Twickel, Brita Robertson
The medial and lateral habenulae are conserved throughout vertebrate evolution, and form an integrated part in the forebrain control of behavior together with the basal ganglia, the dopamine and serotonin systems and cortex. The lateral habenula plays a role in the control of dopamine activity in the context of aversive behavior and the converse, a reward situation. These circuits are important for a value-based evaluation of the success of prior actions. The medial habenula is involved in mediating escape and freezing behavior...
October 26, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107475/development-and-connectivity-of-the-habenular-nuclei
#18
REVIEW
Sara Roberson, Marnie E Halpern
Accumulating evidence has reinforced that the habenular region of the vertebrate dorsal forebrain is an essential integrating center, and a region strongly implicated in neurological disorders and addiction. Despite the important and diverse neuromodulatory roles the habenular nuclei play, their development has been understudied. The emphasis of this review is on the dorsal habenular nuclei of zebrafish, homologous to the medial nuclei of mammals, as recent work has revealed new information about the signaling pathways that regulate their formation...
October 26, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100991/cue-induced-reinstatement-of-alcohol-seeking-behavior-is-associated-with-increased-camkii-t286-phosphorylation-in-the-reward-pathway-of-mice
#19
Michael C Salling, Christopher J Hodge, Kelly E Psilos, Vallari R Eastman, Sara P Faccidomo, Clyde W Hodge
Cue-induced reinstatement of alcohol-seeking is a hallmark behavioral pathology of addiction. Evidence suggests that reinstatement (e.g., relapse), may be regulated by cell signaling systems that underlie neuroplasticity. A variety of plasticity events require activation of calcium calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) in components of the reward pathway, such as the nucleus accumbens and amygdala. We sought to determine if cue-induced reinstatement of alcohol-seeking behavior is associated with changes in the activation state (e...
October 31, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100543/characterization-of-a-thalamic-nucleus-mediating-habenula-responses-to-changes-in-ambient-illumination
#20
Ruey-Kuang Cheng, Seetha Krishnan, Qian Lin, Caroline Kibat, Suresh Jesuthasan
BACKGROUND: Neural activity in the vertebrate habenula is affected by ambient illumination. The nucleus that links photoreceptor activity with the habenula is not well characterized. Here, we describe the location, inputs and potential function of this nucleus in larval zebrafish. RESULTS: High-speed calcium imaging shows that light ON and OFF both evoke a rapid response in the dorsal left neuropil of the habenula, indicating preferential targeting of this neuropil by afferents conveying information about ambient illumination...
October 31, 2017: BMC Biology
keyword
keyword
7590
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"