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hemostasis and surgery

Shintaro Tahara, Takako Nagai, Yoichiro Hattori, Yusaku Nozumi
Surgical adhesive agents are frequently applied to reinforce aortic sutures in cardiac and aortic surgery. They are thought to provide hemostasis and safely and effectively reduce morbidity. Complications owing to surgical glue remnants, however, have been reported. In our recent case, a surgical glue remnant was detected on the aortic valve by transesophageal echocardiography. For detection of such surgical glue remnants, and to prevent associated serious potential complications, comprehensive transesophageal echocardiography is important...
June 18, 2018: A&A practice
A Yu Lubnin, A N Konovalov, N V Lasunin, T A Abramov, A Yu Bulanov, G M Galstyan, O A Polevodova, A V Moshkin, O A Gadzhieva, A A Manushkova
The article describes a rare clinical case of a patient with previously undiagnosed von Willebrand disease and basal meningioma; an intracranial neurosurgical intervention was complicated by delayed intracranial hematomas, both at the resected tumor site and distantly. The diagnosis of von Willebrand disease was established only after special hematology tests and only after surgery. Despite the use of specific therapy, the patient died due to intracranial hemorrhagic complications in the postoperative period...
2018: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
Lauren E Jenkins, Loretta S Davis
BACKGROUND: Cyanoacrylates, also known as tissue adhesives or skin glues, are commonly used as sealants for lacerations and incisions and have found utility in excisional and cosmetic surgeries in both outpatient and operating room settings. OBJECTIVE: To review the surgical literature on the utilities, advantages, disadvantages, and special uses of cyanoacrylates applicable to dermatology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed was reviewed for relevant articles related to cyanoacrylates and their use in skin closures...
June 19, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Michael Goldfarb, Lawrence S Czer, Lee D Lam, Jaime Moriguchi, Francisco A Arabia, Oksana Volod
Acquired von Willebrand syndrome (VWS) due to loss of high-molecular-weight multimers (HMWMs) has been reported with longer term mechanical devices and is associated with mucosal bleeding, a primary hemostasis type of bleeding. However, little is known whether a similar defect occurs in patients with short-term mechanical circulatory support (STMCS) devices. We reviewed von Willebrand factor (VWF) profiles in patients with STMCS devices who underwent VWS workup from December 2015 to March 2017 at an academic quaternary care hospital...
June 2018: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
Xiaoyi Wu, Wei Jiang, Huan Xu, Xuping Ye, Congjian Xu
Objective An increasing trend of uterine rupture (UR) after laparoscopic surgery of the uterus (LSU) has been observed. Although the overall incidence is extremely low, UR may have catastrophic outcomes. Therefore, investigation of its potential risk factors is important. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical data of 10 women who developed UR after LSU performed at our hospital from October 2003 to October 2016 and conducted a literature review. Results All cases of UR occurred during the third trimester of pregnancy...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Antoine Gennari, Simon Mazas, Pierre Coudert, Olivier Gille, Jean-Marc Vital
INTRODUCTION: In France, surgery for lumbar disc herniation is now being done in the outpatient ambulatory setting at select facilities. However, surgery for the cervical spine in this setting is controversial because of the dangers of neck hematoma. We wanted to share our experience with performing ambulatory anterior cervical discectomy in 30 patients at our facility. RESULTS: Since 2014, 30 patients (16 men, 14 women; mean age of 47.2 years) with cervical radiculopathy due to single-level cervical disc disease (19 at C5-C6 and 11 at C6-C7) were operated at our ambulatory surgery center...
June 11, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
F O Turov, S P Yatsyk, I V Poddubnyi, T M Glybina, O I Bespalyuk
AIM: To improve treatment results of children undergoing laparoscopic genitourinary surgery by optimizing intraoperative hemostasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 110 children with various genitourinary diseases. The study group included 70 children who underwent laparoscopic surgery with optimized hemostasis with the use of an automated electrosurgical vessels ligation device LigaSure. Forty children who received standard intraoperative hemostasis with mono- or bipolar coagulation made up a control group...
May 2018: Urologii︠a︡
Ruchika Goel, Eshan U Patel, Melissa M Cushing, Steven M Frank, Paul M Ness, Clifford M Takemoto, Ljiljana V Vasovic, Sujit Sheth, Marianne E Nellis, Beth Shaz, Aaron A R Tobian
Importance: Increasing evidence supports the role of red blood cells (RBCs) in physiological hemostasis and pathologic thrombosis. Red blood cells are commonly transfused in the perioperative period; however, their association with postoperative thrombotic events remains unclear. Objective: To examine the association between perioperative RBC transfusions and postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) within 30 days of surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: This analysis used prospectively collected registry data from the American College of Surgery National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database, a validated registry of 525 teaching and nonteaching hospitals in North America...
June 13, 2018: JAMA Surgery
Flavio Halak de Oliveira Campos, Lorraine Braga Ferreira, Marcelo Munhoes Romano, Maria Stella Moreira, Carlos de Paula Eduardo, Karen Müller Ramalho
Given the growing trend towards medical indications for continuous use of anticoagulants, the number of patients on these medications continues to rise. The management of patients on oral anticoagulants requiring oral surgical procedures has aroused much controversy. Changes in an anticoagulation regimen are associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism. However, it seems logical and advantageous for the patients' health if surgery could be performed without any change to the anticoagulation therapy...
June 7, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
R Z Qi, X Zhao, S Z Wang, K Zhang, Z Y Chang, X L Hu, M L Wu, P R Zhang, L X Yu, C H Xiao, X J Shi, Z W Li
Objective: To analyze the recent postoperative and long-term postoperative complications of open-splenectomy and disconnection in patients with portal hypertension. Methods: There were 1 118 cases with portal hypertension who underwent open splenectomy and azygoportal disconnection from April 2010 to September 2015 at Department of Surgery, People's Liberation Army 302 Hospital. Retrospective case investigation and telephone follow-up were conducted in October 2016. All patients had history of upper gastrointestinal bleeding before operation...
June 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
K Hua, T S Liu, Y Li, Y Zhao, J B Zheng, N Zhou, S Y Zhou, R Dong
Objective: To evaluated early clinical outcomes of saphenous vein grafts harvested with a No-touch technique in off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCABG) surgery. Methods: A total of 124 patients with three-vessel disease undergoing OPCABG by No-touch technique between June and November 2017 in Beijing An Zhen Hospital were respectively reviewed. Results: The average age of patients was (60.7±10.3) years, and 80 cases (64.5%) were male, with the average body mass index (BMI)of (25.4±2.5) kg/m(2,) the mean preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of (58...
May 29, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Till Hoffmann, Alexander Assmann, Angelika Dierksen, Elisabeth Roussel, Sebastian Ullrich, Artur Lichtenberg, Alexander Albert, Stephan Sixt
OBJECTIVES: Although off-label use of recombinant activated factor VII against refractory bleeding is incorporated in current guideline recommendations, safety concerns persist predominantly with respect to thromboembolic complications. We analyzed the safety and efficacy of recombinant activated factor VII at a very low dose in cardiosurgical patients with refractory bleeding. METHODS: This prospective study includes 1180 cardiosurgical patients at risk of bleeding...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Bharathi Devi Jonnalagadda, Sruthima N V S Gottumukkala, C D Dwarakanath, Suneetha Koneru
Background and Objectives: Lasers have been widely used because of several potential benefits such as antibacterial effect and stimulation of wound healing. In addition, lasers help in hemostasis and delaying epithelial migration which may facilitate the outcome of flap surgery. Hence, this study is aimed to investigate the adjunctive effect of diode laser irradiation on conventional access flap surgery in the treatment of periodontal disease. Materials and Methods: A total of 23 patients requiring periodontal flap surgery in two sextants with probing pocket depth ≥5 mm in at least three teeth post-phase I therapy were selected for a split-mouth study...
April 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Carlton D Scharman, Joseph J Shatzel, Thomas G DeLoughery
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: While four-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (4F-PCC) is FDA-approved for reversal of warfarin-induced major bleeding, its use in real-world settings is unclear. This study's objective was to identify indications leading to 4F-PCC use and associated outcomes at a single university hospital. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients receiving 4F-PCC over a 22-month period. A dose was "on-label" if given for reversal of warfarin-induced coagulopathy in patients with major bleeding or requiring urgent surgeries/procedures; other doses were "off-label"...
June 4, 2018: European Journal of Haematology
Riccardo I Ambrogio, Marci H Levine
Clinicians often perform dental procedures and dentoalveolar surgery on patients who take prescribed anticoagulant medications. Such medications can present clinical challenges with regard to modifying or temporarily discontinuing a patient's anticoagulant regimen, which may not be medically indicated. In many instances discontinuation or altering of anticoagulation can be avoided through use of local hemostatic factors while patients are therapeutically continued on their prescribed warfarin doses. This article discusses a useful adjunct to dental treatment for the warfarin-anticoagulated patient- tranexamic acid (TA)...
June 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Feng Qian, Jiajia Liu, Junyan Liu, Junyan Fan, Yongliang Zhao, Yan Shi, Yingxue Hao, Peiwu Yu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the surgical techniques and feasibility of robotic surgery for carcinoma in the remnant stomach(CRS). METHODS: Clinicopathological data of 20 CRS patients undergoing robotic surgery at the Minimally Invasive Center for Gastrointestinal Surgery, Army Medical University Southwest Hospital from November 2012 to October 2017 were retrospectively collected. The surgical methods, procedures, main difficulties, and key techniques were analyzed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Caleb A Cooper, Cheuk Fan Shum, Chandru P Sundaram
Partial nephrectomy (PN) is the preferred surgical treatment for T1 renal tumors whenever technically feasible. When properly performed, it allows preservation of nephron mass without compromising oncologic outcomes. This reduces the postoperative risk of renal insufficiency, which translates into better overall survival for the patients. PN can be technically challenging, because it requires the surgeon to complete the tasks of tumor excision, hemostasis and renorrhaphy, all within an ischemic time of preferably below 30 minutes...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
Berthold Bein, Robert Schiewe
The transfusion of allogeneic blood products is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. An impaired hemostasis is frequently found in patients undergoing cardiac surgery and may in turn cause bleeding and transfusions. A goal directed coagulation management addressing the often complex coagulation disorders needs sophisticated diagnostics. This may improve both patients' outcome and costs. Recent data suggest that coagulation management based on a rational algorithm is more effective than traditional therapy based on conventional laboratory variables such as PT and INR...
May 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
Axel Dimberg, Ulrica Alström, Elisabeth Ståhle, Christina Christersson
Aortic stenosis (AS) and coronary artery disease (CAD) influence the coagulation system, potentially affecting hemostasis during cardiac surgery. Our aim was to evaluate 2 preoperative global hemostasis assays, plasma thrombin potential and thromboelastometry, in patients with severe aortic valve stenosis compared to patients with CAD. A secondary aim was to test whether the assays were associated with postoperative bleeding. Calibrated automated thrombogram (CAT) in platelet-poor plasma and rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) in whole blood were analyzed in patients scheduled for elective surgery due to severe AS (n = 103) and stable CAD (n = 68)...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Olga Meltem Akay
Hemostasis is a complex dynamic process involving bleeding and thrombosis as two end-points. Conventional coagulation tests which are measured in plasma examine only isolated portions of the coagulation cascade, thereby giving no information on important interactions essential to the clinical evaluation of hemostatic function. Thromboelastography (TEG), originally described in 1948 has improved over the decades and become a valuable tool of coagulation testing because of the limitations of standard coagulation tests...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
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