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Probiotics and weight loss

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151917/chronic-diarrhea-associated-with-high-serum-level-of-immunoglobulin-a-and-diffuse-infiltration-of-plasma-cell-in-small-intestine-a-case-report
#1
Junwen Yang, Shuijiao Chen, Linlin Chen, Miao Ouyang, Fujun Li
RATIONALE: Chronic diarrhea in adult patients due to various causes is very common in clinic, but patient suffering with mal-absorption due to immunoproliferative small intestinal disease was rarely reported in China. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: A 35-year-old female presented with more than three years history of chronic diarrhea, rickets, high serum value of immunoglobulin A protein, and anemia. Bone marrow aspiration suggested that the patient was in a sideropenic and megalobastic anemia stage...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142296/probiotic-supplementation-and-the-effects-on-weight-loss-glycaemia-and-lipid-profiles-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#2
Shahnaz Ahmadi, Mehri Jamilian, Maryam Karamali, Maryam Tajabadi-Ebrahimi, Parvaneh Jafari, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Mohammad Reza Memarzadeh, Zatollah Asemi
The aim of the current study was to assess the effects of probiotic supplementation on weight loss, glycaemia and lipid profiles in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 60 women with PCOS were randomized to receive probiotic capsule (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) for 12 weeks. Consumption of probiotic supplements resulted in a significant reduction in weight (-0.5 ± 0.4 vs. +0.1 ± 1.0 kg, p = 0.004) and BMI (-0.2 ± 0...
February 1, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119466/effects-of-the-dietary-protein-and-carbohydrate-ratio-on-gut-microbiomes-in-dogs-of-different-body-conditions
#3
Qinghong Li, Christian L Lauber, Gail Czarnecki-Maulden, Yuanlong Pan, Steven S Hannah
: Obesity has become a health epidemic in both humans and pets. A dysbiotic gut microbiota has been associated with obesity and other metabolic disorders. High-protein, low-carbohydrate (HPLC) diets have been recommended for body weight loss, but little is known about their effects on the canine gut microbiome. Sixty-three obese and lean Labrador retrievers and Beagles (mean age, 5.72 years) were fed a common baseline diet for 4 weeks in phase 1, followed by 4 weeks of a treatment diet, specifically, the HPLC diet (49...
January 24, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094590/effects-of-supernatants-from-escherichia-coli-nissle-1917-and-faecalibacterium-prausnitzii-on-intestinal-epithelial-cells-and-a-rat-model-of-5-fluorouracil-induced-mucositis
#4
Hanru Wang, Yoga D Jatmiko, Susan E P Bastian, Suzanne Mashtoub, Gordon S Howarth
Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (Fp) and Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) are probiotics, which have been reported to ameliorate certain gastrointestinal disorders. We evaluated the effects of supernatants (SN) derived from Fp and EcN on 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-treated intestinal cells and in a rat model of mucositis. In vitro: IEC-6, Caco-2, and T-84 cells were analyzed for viability and monolayer permeability. In vivo: Female dark agouti rats were gavaged with Fp or EcN SN and injected intraperitoneally with saline (control) or 5-FU to induce mucositis...
January 17, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001147/effects-of-weight-loss-using-supplementation-with-lactobacillus-strains-on-body-fat-and-medium-chain-acylcarnitines-in-overweight-individuals
#5
Minkyung Kim, Minjoo Kim, Miso Kang, Hye Jin Yoo, Min Sun Kim, Young-Tae Ahn, Jae-Hun Sim, Sun Ha Jee, Jong Ho Lee
Our previous study showed that supplementation with a combination of Lactobacillus curvatus (L. curvatus) HY7601 and Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) KY1032 reduced the body weight, body fat percentage, body fat mass and L1 subcutaneous fat area in overweight subjects. We aimed to evaluate whether the changes in adiposity after supplementation with Lactobacillus strains were associated with metabolic intermediates. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted on 66 non-diabetic and overweight individuals...
December 21, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918205/dietary-inclusion-of-different-multi-strain-complex-probiotics-effects-on-performance-in-broilers
#6
B Balamuralikrishnan, S I Lee, I H Kim
This study was designed to evaluate the effects of two different complex probiotic supplementations on the growth performance, meat quality, excreta microflora, nutrient retention, blood metabolic profile and noxious gas emissions in broilers. A total of 612 conventional healthy 1-d-old Ross 308 broilers with body weight of 41 ± 0.3 g were randomly divided into 3 treatments with 12 replicate cages, with 17 broilers in each cage and fed with the following diets: CON-Basal diet, T1-CON + Probiotic A, T2-CON + Probiotic B...
February 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832441/comparative-effect-of-the-i3-1-probiotic-formula-in-two-animal-models-of-colitis
#7
Violeta Lorén, Josep Manyé, Mari C Fuentes, Eduard Cabré, Isabel Ojanguren, Jordi Espadaler
Use of probiotic therapy is an active area of investigation to treat intestinal disorders. The clinical benefits of the I3.1 probiotic formula (Lactobacillus plantarum (CECT7484, CECT7485) and P. acidilactici (CECT7483)) were demonstrated in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effects of I3.1 in two experimental models of colitis, a dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis model and an interleukin (IL)-10-deficient mice model...
November 10, 2016: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825377/combination-of-probiotics-and-coccidiosis-vaccine-enhances-protection-against-an-eimeria-challenge
#8
Miranda M Ritzi, Wael Abdelrahman, Kobus van-Heerden, Michaela Mohnl, Nathaniel W Barrett, Rami A Dalloul
Coccidiosis is endemic in the commercial broiler industry capable of inflicting devastating economic losses to poultry operations. Vaccines are relatively effective in controlling the disease; their efficacy could potentially be improved with concurrent use of probiotics as evaluated in this study using an Eimeria challenge. Day of hatch 400 Cobb-500 male broilers were assigned to one of four treatment groups including control (CON), vaccine-only gel application (VNC), probiotic-only gel application (NPC), and vaccine-plus-probiotic gel application (VPC)...
November 8, 2016: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821122/effects-of-chromium-enriched-bacillus-subtilis-kt260179-supplementation-on-chicken-growth-performance-plasma-lipid-parameters-tissue-chromium-levels-cecal-bacterial-composition-and-breast-meat-quality
#9
Jiajun Yang, Kun Qian, Wei Zhang, Yayuan Xu, Yijing Wu
BACKGROUND: Both chromium (Cr) and probiotic bacillus own the virtues of regulating animal metabolism and meat quality. Purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of supplemental Cr and bacillus in the form of chromium-enriched Bacillus subtilis KT260179 (CEBS) on chicken growth performance, plasma lipid parameters, tissue chromium levels, cecal bacterial composition and breast meat quality. METHODS: Six hundred of 1-day-old Chinese Huainan Partridge chickens were divided into four groups randomly: Control, inorganic Cr, Bacillus subtilis, and CEBS...
November 8, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813217/selection-of-a-candidate-probiotic-strain-of-pediococcus-pentosaceus-from-the-faecal-microbiota-of-horses-by-in%C3%A2-vitro-testing-and-health-claims-in-a-mouse-model-of-salmonella-infection
#10
B C Silva, S H C Sandes, L B Alvim, M R Q Bomfim, J R Nicoli, E Neumann, A C Nunes
AIMS: The aim of this study was to verify the suitable use of candidate 'probiotics' selected by in vitro tests and the importance of in vivo assays to nominate micro-organisms as probiotics and alternative prophylactic treatments for Salmonella Typhimurium infection. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-three lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from foal's faeces were assessed based on the main desirable functional in vitro criteria. Based on these results, Pediococcus pentosaceus strain 40 was chosen to evaluate its putative probiotic features in a mouse model of Salmonella infection...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795585/the-gut-microbiome-and-its-role-in-obesity
#11
Cindy D Davis
The human body is host to a vast number of microbes, including bacterial, fungal and protozoal microoganisms, which together constitute our microbiota. Evidence is emerging that the intestinal microbiome is intrinsically linked with overall health, including obesity risk. Obesity and obesity-related metabolic disorders are characterized by specific alterations in the composition and function of the human gut microbiome. Mechanistic studies have indicated that the gastrointestinal microbiota can influence both sides of the energy balance equation; namely, as a factor influencing energy utilization from the diet and as a factor that influences host genes that regulate energy expenditure and storage...
July 2016: Nutrition Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647980/potential-nociceptive-regulatory-effect-of-probiotic-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-pb01-dsm-14870-on-mechanical-sensitivity-in-diet-induced-obesity-model
#12
Fereshteh Dardmeh, Hans Ingolf Nielsen, Hiva Alipour, Benedict Kjærgaard, Erik Brandsborg, Parisa Gazerani
Treatments for obesity have been shown to reduce pain secondary to weight loss. Intestinal microbiota, as an endogenous factor, influences obesity and pain sensitivity but the effect of oral probiotic supplementation on musculoskeletal pain perception has not been studied systematically. The present study examined the effect of a single daily oral dose (1 × 10(9) CFU) of probiotics (Lactobacillus rhamnosus PB01, DSM14870) supplement on mechanical pain thresholds in behaving diet-induced obese (DIO) mice and their normal weight (NW) controls...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503361/effects-of-simple-and-microencapsulated-lactobacillus-acidophilus-with-or-without-inulin-on-the-broiler-meat-quality-infected-by-avian-influenza-virus-h9n2
#13
Seyedeh Leila Poorbaghi, Hamidreza Gheisari, Habibollah Dadras, Masood Sepehrimanesh, Ali Zolfaghari
The aims of the present study were to investigate the effects of simple and microencapsulated Lactobacillus acidophilus as probiotic with or without inulin as prebiotic on meat quality of broiler infected by avian influenza virus (H9N2). Two hundred-day-old chicks were randomly allocated into 14 groups based on simple, microencapsulated probiotic and prebiotic and based on vaccination and challenge with H9N2 virus. Groups 1-7 contained 20 chicks, and groups 8-12 and 14 contained 10 chicks. Group 13 was derived from group 1 with 10 chicks at challenge day with avian influenza virus (AIV)...
December 2016: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500935/disturbance-in-the-mucosa-associated-commensal-bacteria-is-associated-with-the-exacerbation-of-chronic-colitis-by-repeated-psychological-stress-is-that-the-new-target-of-probiotics
#14
Sohei Arase, Yohei Watanabe, Hiromi Setoyama, Noriko Nagaoka, Mitsuhisa Kawai, Satoshi Matsumoto
Psychological stress can exacerbate inflammatory bowel disease. However, the mechanisms underlying how psychological stress affects gut inflammation remain unclear. Here, we focused on the relationship between changes in the microbial community of mucosa-associated commensal bacteria (MACB) and mucosal immune responses induced by chronic psychological stress in a murine model of ulcerative colitis. Furthermore, we examined the effect of probiotic treatment on exacerbated colitis and MACB composition changes induced by chronic psychological stress...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499673/evaluation-of-mixed-probiotic-starter-cultures-isolated-from-kimchi-on-physicochemical-and-functional-properties-and-volatile-compounds-of-fermented-hams
#15
Young Joo Kim, Sung Yong Park, Hong Chul Lee, Seung Seok Yoo, Sejong Oh, Kwang Hyun Kim, Koo Bok Chin
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of mixed starter cultures isolated from kimchi on physicochemical properties, functionality and flavors of fermented ham. Physicochemical properties, microbial counts, shear force, cholesterol contents and volatile compounds of fermented ham were investigated during processing (curing and ripening time). Curing process for 7 d increased saltiness, however, decreased hunter color values (L, a, and b values). Ripening process for 21 d increased most parameters, such as saltiness, color values, weight loss, shear force and cholesterol content due to the drying process...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486257/supplemental-effects-of-probiotic-bacillus-subtilis-fmbj-on-growth-performance-antioxidant-capacity-and-meat-quality-of-broiler-chickens
#16
Kaiwen Bai, Qiang Huang, Jingfei Zhang, Jintian He, Lili Zhang, Tian Wang
This study aimed to investigate the supplemental effects of probiotic Bacillus subtilis fmbJ (BS fmbJ) on growth performance, antioxidant capacity, and meat quality of broiler chickens. A total of 240 day-old male Arbor Acres (AA) broiler chickens were randomly allotted to 4 treatments and raised for 6 wk. Each treatment had 6 replicate pens with ten birds per replicate. Birds in the control group (CON) were fed diets without BS fmbJ and antibiotics. The BS groups were fed the basal diets with BS fmbJ at 2 × 10(10) cfu/kg (BS-1 group), BS fmbJ at 3 × 10(10) cfu/kg (BS-2 group), BS fmbJ at 4 × 10(10) cfu/kg (BS-3 group) without antibiotics for 42 d...
January 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27133563/saccharomyces-cerevisiae-ufmg-a-905-treatment-reduces-intestinal-damage-in-a-murine-model-of-irinotecan-induced-mucositis
#17
R W Bastos, S H S P Pedroso, A T Vieira, L M C Moreira, C S França, C T Cartelle, R M E Arantes, S V Generoso, V N Cardoso, M J Neves, J R Nicoli, F S Martins
Indigenous microbiota plays a crucial role in the development of several intestinal diseases, including mucositis. Gastrointestinal mucositis is a major and serious side effect of cancer therapy, and there is no effective therapy for this clinical condition. However, some probiotics have been shown to attenuate such conditions. To evaluate the effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae UFMG A-905 (Sc-905), a potential probiotic yeast, we investigated whether pre- or post-treatment with viable or inactivated Sc-905 could prevent weight loss and intestinal lesions, and maintain integrity of the mucosal barrier in a mucositis model induced by irinotecan in mice...
September 2016: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110373/effect-of-short-term-probiotic-enterococcus-faecium-sf68-dietary-supplementation-in-overweight-and-obese-cats-without-comorbidities
#18
Aarti Kathrani, Jennifer A Larsen, Philip H Kass, Andrea J Fascetti
Obesity in cats is associated with metabolic abnormalities and increased susceptibility to diseases such as diabetes mellitus. Studies in mouse models and human beings have shown that probiotics can reduce food intake, promote weight loss and improve metabolic profile. Studies assessing the effects of probiotics on these same parameters are absent in cats. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine if probiotic Enterococcus faecium strain SF68 dietary supplementation reduces food intake, promotes weight loss and improves metabolic profile in overweight and obese cats without comorbidities...
2016: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27058036/lactobacillus-reuteri-6475-increases-bone-density-in-intact-females-only-under-an-inflammatory-setting
#19
Fraser L Collins, Regina Irwin, Hayley Bierhalter, Jonathan Schepper, Robert A Britton, Narayanan Parameswaran, Laura R McCabe
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We previously demonstrated that short-term oral administration of the probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri 6475 enhanced bone density in male but not female mice. We also established that L. reuteri 6475 enhanced bone health and prevented bone loss in estrogen-deficient female mice. In this study, we tested whether a mild inflammatory state and/or a long-term treatment with the probiotic was required to promote a positive bone effect in estrogen-sufficient female mice. METHODS: A mild inflammatory state was induced in female mice by dorsal surgical incision (DSI)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27052013/lifestyle-and-dietary-interventions-in-the-management-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#20
REVIEW
William N Hannah, Stephen A Harrison
NAFLD is the leading cause of chronic liver disease in the Western world with an estimated prevalence of 20-30 %. Lifestyle interventions targeted at weight loss through dietary interventions and exercise are the most effective treatment, but only a minority of patients are able to achieve and sustain the necessary intervention targets. Weight loss of 3-5 % has been associated with a reduction of hepatic steatosis while weight loss of ≥5-7 % has correlated with resolution of NASH in some studies. Greater reductions in weight loss (≥10 %) may improve hepatic fibrosis...
May 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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