keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Probiotics and weight loss

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766049/interleukin-1%C3%AE-deficient-mice-have-an-altered-gut-microbiota-leading-to-protection-from-dextran-sodium-sulfate-induced-colitis
#1
Moran Nunberg, Nir Werbner, Hadar Neuman, Marina Bersudsky, Alex Braiman, Moshe Ben-Shoshan, Meirav Ben Izhak, Yoram Louzoun, Ron N Apte, Elena Voronov, Omry Koren
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are a group of chronic inflammatory disorders of the intestine, with as-yet-unclear etiologies, affecting over a million people in the United States alone. With the emergence of microbiome research, numerous studies have shown a connection between shifts in the gut microbiota composition (dysbiosis) and patterns of IBD development. In a previous study, we showed that interleukin 1α (IL-1α) deficiency in IL-1α knockout (KO) mice results in moderate dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis compared to that of wild-type (WT) mice, characterized by reduced inflammation and complete healing, as shown by parameters of weight loss, disease activity index (DAI) score, histology, and cytokine expression...
May 2018: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740791/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-children-not-a-small-matter
#2
REVIEW
Praveen Kumar Conjeevaram Selvakumar, Mohammad Nasser Kabbany, Naim Alkhouri
The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has increased substantially in the past two decades and NAFLD has now become the most common cause of chronic liver disease in children and adolescents. NAFLD is a broad clinicopathologic spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to varying degrees of necroinflammation called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), leading to fibrosis and subsequently to cirrhosis. Despite the increasing prevalence and progressive nature of NAFLD even among children, therapy for NAFLD in both adults and children are limited...
May 9, 2018: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725975/probiotic-supplementation-in-morbid-obese-patients-undergoing-one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-mini-gastric-bypass-oagb-mgb-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Zohreh Karbaschian, Zeinab Mokhtari, Abdolreza Pazouki, Ali Kabir, Mahdi Hedayati, Somayeh Soleymanzadeh Moghadam, Parvin Mirmiran, Azita Hekmatdoost
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is known as one of the most effective treatments for sustainable weight loss; however, it may be associated with some complications. This study was designed to examine the effects of probiotic supplementation on some morbidities related to this surgery. METHODS: This was a placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trial on morbid obese patients referred for One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass- Mini Gastric Bypass (OAGB-MGB) surgery to a tertiary referral center...
May 3, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724529/the-effect-of-daily-fortified-yogurt-consumption-on-weight-loss-in-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-10-week-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
M Mohammadi-Sartang, N Bellissimo, J O Totosy de Zepetnek, N R Brett, S M Mazloomi, M Fararouie, A Bedeltavana, M Famouri, Z Mazloom
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obesity is a complex and multifaceted condition. Thus, functional foods need investigation as novel adjunct treatments for obesity. The objective was to determine the effects of daily consumption of a fortified yogurt (FY) on weight loss in overweight and obese patients with metabolic syndrome on a caloric-restricted diet. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a randomized, double-blind, 10-week study. Participants were randomly allocated to two groups receiving either two servings (2 × 250 g)/day of FY with whey protein, calcium, vitamin D, prebiotic fibre and probiotic cultures (n = 44) or a low-fat plain yogurt (PY) (n = 43)...
March 10, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721395/super-charged-nk-cells-inhibit-growth-and-progression-of-stem-like-poorly-differentiated-oral-tumors-in-vivo-in-humanized-blt-mice-effect-on-tumor-differentiation-and-response-to-chemotherapeutic-drugs
#5
Kawaljit Kaur, Paytsar Topchyan, Anna Karolina Kozlowska, Nick Ohanian, Jessica Chiang, Phyu Ou Maung, So-Hyun Park, Meng-Wei Ko, Changge Fang, Ichiro Nishimura, Anahid Jewett
Therapeutic role of NK cells in solid tumors was challenged previously even though their role in hematological malignancies has clearly been established. Furthermore, functions and numbers of NK cells are greatly suppressed in oral cancer patients necessitating effective future NK immunotherapeutic strategies to aid in the control of disease. The humanized-BLT (hu-BLT) mice were used to implant stem-like/undifferentiated oral tumors to study the role of super-charged NK cells with and without feeding with AJ2 probiotic bacteria...
2018: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672196/the-effects-of-synbiotic-supplementation-on-body-mass-index-metabolic-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-appetite-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-triple-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Samira Rabiei, Mehdi Hedayati, Bahram Rashidkhani, Navid Saadat, Rahebeh Shakerhossini
It has been shown recently that metabolic syndrome is associated with gut dysbiosis. The gut microbiota may be the main target for prevention or treatment of metabolic syndrome. We investigated the effects of synbiotic supplementation on metabolic syndrome. In this triple-blinded clinical trial, 46 Iranian patients with metabolic syndrome, from both sexes, aged 25-70 years, who fulfilled inclusion criteria were randomly categorized to receive either the synbiotic or a placebo capsule, twice a day for three months, plus a weight-loss diet using stratified random sampling based on body mass index (BMI)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670255/a-combination-of-lactobacillus-mali-aps1-and-dieting-improved-the-efficacy-of-obesity-treatment-via-manipulating-gut-microbiome-in-mice
#7
Yung-Tsung Chen, Ning-Sun Yang, Yu-Chun Lin, Shang-Tse Ho, Kuan-Yi Li, Jin-Seng Lin, Je-Ruei Liu, Ming-Ju Chen
The difficulty of long-term management has produced a high rate of failure for obesity patients. Therefore, improving the efficacy of current obesity treatment is a significant goal. We hypothesized that combining a probiotic Lactobacillus mali APS1 intervention with dieting could improve the efficacy of obesity and hepatic steatosis treatment compared to dieting alone. Mice were fed a high-fat diet for 6 weeks and then treated with: saline + normal diet and APS1 + normal diet (NDAPS1) for 3 weeks. NDAPS1 accelerated body weight loss and reduced caloric intake and fat accumulation...
April 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657411/the-effect-of-supplementation-of-multistrain-probiotic-preparation-in-combination-with-vitamins-and-minerals-to-the-basal-diet-on-the-growth-performance-carcass-traits-and-physiological-response-of-broilers
#8
Sugiharto Sugiharto, Isroli Isroli, Turrini Yudiarti, Endang Widiastuti
Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of supplementation of multistrain probiotic preparation in combination with vitamins and minerals to the broiler chicken diets on their growth performance, hematological parameters, and carcass traits. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and eighty-eight Lohmann 1-day-old broiler chicks were randomly allocated to four groups, i.e., control (without additional supplementation) and three experimental treatments where basal diet was enriched by 0...
February 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543648/heart-rate-variability-a-biomarker-to-study-the-influence-of-nutrition-on-physiological-and-psychological-health
#9
Hayley A Young, David Benton
As the influence of diet on health may take place over a period of decades, there is a need for biomarkers that help to identify those aspects of nutrition that have either a positive or a negative influence. The evidence is considered that heart-rate variability (HRV) (the time differences between one beat and the next) can be used to indicate the potential health benefits of food items. Reduced HRV is associated with the development of numerous conditions for example, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, inflammation, obesity and psychiatric disorders...
April 2018: Behavioural Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413932/hypocholesterolemic-and-bioactive-potential-of-exopolysaccharide-from-a-probiotic-enterococcus-faecium-k1-isolated-from-kalarei
#10
Bilqeesa Bhat, Bijender Kumar Bajaj
Bioprospecting of novel probiotic strains especially from unexplored eco-niches has been a continuous practice. Enterococcus faecium K1, an isolate from indigenously fermented milk product kalarei possesses numerous desirable functional attributes. In current study, E. faecium K1 has been used for EPS production, and it yielded 355 ± 0.019 mg/L EPS. EPS demonstrates remarkable hypocholesterolemic, antioxidant, antibiofilm, and emulsification characteristics. EPS is constituted of mannose, glucose and galactose...
April 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413672/impact-of-whey-protein-coating-incorporated-with-bifidobacterium-and-lactobacillus-on-sliced-ham-properties
#11
Joana Odila Pereira, José Soares, Maria J P Monteiro, Ana Gomes, Manuela Pintado
Edible coatings/films with functional ingredients may be a solution to consumers' demands for high-quality food products and an extended shelf-life. The aim of this work was to evaluate the antimicrobial efficiency of edible coatings incorporated with probiotics on sliced ham preservation. Coatings was developed based on whey protein isolates with incorporation of Bifidobacterium animalis Bb-12® or Lactobacillus casei-01. The physicochemical analyses showed that coating decreased water and weight loss on the ham...
May 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391004/interventions-to-reduce-post-acute-consequences-of-diarrheal-disease-in-children-a-systematic-review
#12
Patricia B Pavlinac, Rebecca L Brander, Hannah E Atlas, Grace C John-Stewart, Donna M Denno, Judd L Walson
BACKGROUND: Although acute diarrhea often leads to acute dehydration and electrolyte imbalance, children with diarrhea also suffer long term morbidity, including recurrent or prolonged diarrhea, loss of weight, and linear growth faltering. They are also at increased risk of post-acute mortality. The objective of this systematic review was to identify interventions that address these longer term consequences of diarrhea. METHODS: We searched Medline for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions conducted in low- and middle-income countries, published between 1980 and 2016 that included children under 15 years of age with diarrhea and follow-up of at least 7 days...
February 1, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355277/probiotic-prebiotic-correction-for-adverse-effects-of-iron-fortification-on-intestinal-resistance-to-salmonella-infection-in-weaning-mice
#13
Feifei Lin, Haohao Wu, Mingyong Zeng, Guangli Yu, Shiyuan Dong, Huicheng Yang
Iron fortification has been associated with a modest increase in diarrhea risk among children. Herein, we investigate the correction for this unwanted side effect with probiotic/prebiotic supplementation in weaning mice. Iron fortification with 250 ppm and 500 ppm ferrous sulfate for 30 days significantly increased the species richness of the mouse gut microbiota compared to controls. The 500 ppm-FeSO4 diet caused a significantly decreased abundance of potentially beneficial Lactobacillus. During infection with the foodborne pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S...
February 21, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352665/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-practices-and-dietary-patterns-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-singapore-and-malaysia
#14
Fangyi Ong, Way Seah Lee, Charlotte Lin, Ruey Terng Ng, Shin Yee Wong, Su Lin Lim, Seng Hock Quak, Marion Aw
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been associated with adverse effects and self-imposed dietary restrictions. The prevalence of its use in Asian children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is unknown. We aimed to determine the prevalence, types, and factors associated with the use of CAM among children with IBD from Singapore and Malaysia, and to ascertain if dietary restriction was prevalent in patients who used CAM. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which parents of children with IBD attending two tertiary pediatric IBD referral centres in Singapore and Malaysia were interviewed...
December 26, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307123/the-role-of-diet-in-managing-inflamatory-bowel-disease-affected-dogs-a-retrospective-cohort-study-on-76-cases
#15
Maria Chiara Marchesi
The term in ammatory bowel diseases (IBD) refers to a group of idiopathic, chronic intestinal diseases characterized by a di use in ltration of in ammatory cells into the lamina propria of the intestine. The pathogenesis of IBD is unknown. The most common signs described are diarrhoea, vomit, and progressive weight loss. In order to make a de nitive diagnosis, though, the presence of in ammatory cells in ltration must be evident on histopathologic analysis. The therapeutic approach has 2 main goals: decrease the in ammatory response and remove possible antigenic sources, such as food components or intestinal micro ora...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285159/amelioration-of-the-dss-induced-colitis-in-mice-by-pretreatment-with-4-4-diaponeurosporene-producing-bacillus-subtilis
#16
Yuchao Jing, Haofei Liu, Wenwen Xu, Qian Yang
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronically relapsing inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. Current IBD treatments have poor tolerability and insufficient therapeutic efficacy, thus, alternative therapeutic approaches are required. Recently, a number of dietary supplements have emerged as promising interventions. In the present study oral administration of a carotenoid (4,4'-diaponeurosporene)-producing Bacillus subtilis markedly ameliorated dextran sulfate sodium salt-induced mouse colitis, as demonstrated by a reduction in weight loss and the severity of bleeding, which indicated that 4,4'-diaponeurosporene may have beneficial effects on treatments for colitis...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234060/heat-killed-lactobacillus-casei-confers-broad-protection-against-influenza-a-virus-primary-infection-and-develops-heterosubtypic-immunity-against-future-secondary-infection
#17
Yu-Jin Jung, Young-Tae Lee, Vu Le Ngo, Young-Hee Cho, Eun-Ju Ko, Sung-Moon Hong, Ki-Hye Kim, Ji-Hun Jang, Joon-Suk Oh, Min-Kyung Park, Cheol-Hyun Kim, Jun Sun, Sang-Moo Kang
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are the common probiotics. Here, we investigated the antiviral protective effects of heat-killed LAB strain Lactobacillus casei DK128 (DK128) on influenza viruses. Intranasal treatment of mice with DK128 conferred protection against different subtypes of influenza viruses by lessening weight loss and lowering viral loads. Protection via heat-killed DK128 was correlated with an increase in alveolar macrophage cells in the lungs and airways, early induction of virus specific antibodies, reduced levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and innate immune cells...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232851/a-novel-prebiotic-blend-product-prevents-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-mice-by-improving-gut-microbiota-and-modulating-immune-response
#18
Qian Chen, Yiping Ren, Jihong Lu, Mark Bartlett, Lei Chen, Yan Zhang, Xiaokui Guo, Chang Liu
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most common functional gastrointestinal disorder yet it still lacks effective prevention therapies. The aim of this study is to determine whether a novel prebiotic blend (PB) composed of fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS), galactooligosaccharide (GOS), inulin and anthocyanins could be effective in preventing the development of IBS. We explored the possible mechanisms both in animal and in cells. Post-infectious IBS models in C57BL/6 mice were established and were pretreated with the PB, PB and probiotic strains 8 weeks in advance of infection...
December 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101656/impact-of-enteric-health-and-mucosal-permeability-on-skeletal-health-and-lameness-in-poultry
#19
L R Bielke, B M Hargis, J D Latorre
Intestinal barrier leakage and/or altered gut microbial composition has been shown to markedly impact both osteoblast and osteoclast activities, systemically through circulation of gut immune cells and cytokines and locally by causing inflammation of extraintestinal organs such as the liver and bone marrow. Mild cases of heightened intestinal inflammation can cause bone loss in male mice in the absence of any overt nutritional deficiencies or weight loss, which has also been shown in chickens that have been infected with Salmonella...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090088/gut-microbiota-as-a-potential-target-of-metabolic-syndrome-the-role-of-probiotics-and-prebiotics
#20
REVIEW
Mingqian He, Bingyin Shi
Metabolic syndrome (MS) comprises central obesity, increased plasma glucose levels, hyperlipidemia and hypertension, and its incidence is increasing due to changes in lifestyle and dietary structure in recent years. MS has been proven to be associated with an increased incidence of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes mellitus, leading to morbidity and mortality. In this manuscript, we review recent studies concerning the role of the gut microbiota in MS modulation. Manipulation of the gut microbiota through the administration of prebiotics or probiotics may assist in weight loss and reduce plasma glucose and serum lipid levels, decreasing the incidence of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes mellitus...
2017: Cell & Bioscience
keyword
keyword
75892
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"