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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682533/bilateral-hip-arthroplasty-when-is-it-safe-to-operate-the-second-hip-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Meilyn Muskus, Jorge Rojas, Camilo Gutiérrez, Juan Guio, Guillermo Bonilla, Adolfo Llinás
Introduction: Patients with degenerative hip disease frequently present with bilateral involvement that requires surgical management. The main goal when treating these patients is to achieve the maximum efficiency without increasing risk of perioperative complications; therefore, the decision regarding the best moment to operate the second hip becomes relevant. Although studies have addressed this topic, whether a simultaneous or staged surgery should be performed remains controversial...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680466/long-term-outcomes-of-transvaginal-mesh-tvm-in-patients-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-5-year-follow-up
#2
Enrique P Ubertazzi, Hector F E Soderini, Adrian J M Saavedra Sanchez, Camilo Fonseca Guzman, Lucila I Paván
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the overall outcomes and complication rates of the transvaginal mesh (TVM) placed for the management of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) at 5-years follow up. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study in Urogynecology section in a single center in Argentina. Patients with prolapse stage II or higher were included. Seventy-six patients had TVM surgery for POP and 72 (95%) were available for the 5-year follow-up period...
April 14, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679615/novel-protective-role-of-kallistatin-in-obesity-by-limiting-adipose-tissue-low-grade-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress
#3
Gema Frühbeck, Javier Gómez-Ambrosi, Amaia Rodríguez, Beatriz Ramírez, Víctor Valentí, Rafael Moncada, Sara Becerril, Xabier Unamuno, Camilo Silva, Javier Salvador, Victoria Catalán
OBJECTIVE: Kallistatin plays an important role in the inhibition of inflammation, oxidative stress, fibrosis and angiogenesis. We aimed to determine the impact of kallistatin on obesity and its associated metabolic alterations as well as its role in adipocyte inflammation and oxidative stress. METHODS: Samples obtained from 95 subjects were used in a case-control study. Circulating concentrations and expression levels of kallistatin as well as key inflammation, oxidative stress and extracellular matrix remodelling-related genes were analyzed...
April 18, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676613/workshop-report-using-social-media-and-smartphone-applications-in-practical-lessons-to-enhance-student-learning-in-b%C3%A3%C2%BAzios-brazil-august-6-8-2017
#4
Camilo Lellis-Santos, Patricia A Halpin
Cost-effective student engagement poses a challenge for instructors, especially those who may not be familiar with new technologies and mobile devices. In this workshop, participants, experienced and discussed two ways of using smartphones in physiology classes: to engage in an online learning environment for discussions, and to make physiological measurements. Participants signed up for individual Twitter accounts and learned how to tweet, retweet, message, use a URL shortener, and use hashtags. They then went on to locate articles on an assigned topic from the Twitter accounts of credible science sources ( American Journal of Physiology, The Scientist, CDC...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675435/serum-levels-of-interleukin-13-increase-in-subjects-with-insulin-resistance-but-do-not-correlate-with-markers-of-low-grade-systemic-inflammation
#5
Camilo P Martínez-Reyes, Angélica Y Gómez-Arauz, Israel Torres-Castro, Aarón N Manjarrez-Reyna, León F Palomera, Alfonso Olivos-García, Edith Mendoza-Tenorio, Gabriela A Sánchez-Medina, Sergio Islas-Andrade, Guillermo Melendez-Mier, Galileo Escobedo
Experimental evidence in mice suggests a role for interleukin- (IL-) 13 in insulin resistance and low-grade systemic inflammation. However, IL-13 serum levels have not been assessed in subjects with insulin resistance, and associations of IL-13 with parameters of low-grade systemic inflammation are still unknown. Our main goal was to examine the systemic levels of IL-13 in patients with insulin resistance, while also studying the relationship of IL-13 with anthropometric, metabolic, and low-grade systemic inflammatory markers...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675383/clinical-outcomes-of-patterned-laser-trabeculoplasty-as-adjuvant-therapy-in-open-angle-glaucoma-and-ocular-hypertension
#6
Gustavo Espinoza, Leonardo Castellanos, Ignacio Rodriguez-Una, Paul Anthony Camacho, Juan Camilo Parra
AIM: To assess the efficacy and safety of patterned laser trabeculoplasty (PLT) as an adjunctive treatment in open angle glaucoma (OAG) or ocular hypertension (OHT) patients who were under antiglaucoma medical treatment. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of primary or secondary OAG patients and OHT patients with medically uncontrolled (≥18 mm Hg) intraocular pressure (IOP) who underwent 360° PLT from June 2016 to August 2016. Follow-up visits at week 1, and 1, 3 and 6mo were performed...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670412/the-effect-of-tonsillectomy-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#7
REVIEW
Lauren K Reckley, Camilo Fernandez-Salvador, Macario Camacho
Objective: Tonsillectomy with adenoidectomy is a combination surgery that has been used to treat pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). For adults, tonsillectomy has also been reported as a primary treatment modality when the tissue is hypertrophied. The objective of this study is to provide an overview of published systematic reviews and meta-analyses of tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy as used in the treatment of OSA in children and adults. Data sources: Nine databases, including PubMed/MEDLINE...
2018: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668137/costo-efectividad-de-dos-esquemas-de-prevenci%C3%A3-n-de-la-infecci%C3%A3-n-por-citomegalovirus-en-pacientes-con-trasplante-renal-y-riesgo-intermedio-en-colombia
#8
Kateir Contreras, María José Vargas, Paola García, Camilo A González, Patricia Rodríguez, Camilo Castañeda-Cardona, Margarita Otálora-Esteban, Diego Rosselli
Introducción. El citomegalovirus es la causa más frecuente de infección en pacientes con trasplante renal. Existen dos estrategias de similar efectividad para prevenirlo: la profilaxis universal con valganciclovir durante 90 días o el tratamiento anticipado verificando la carga viral semanal y aplicándolo solo si esta es positiva.Objetivo. Determinar cuál de estas dos estrategias sería más costo-efectiva en pacientes de riesgo intermedio en Colombia.Materiales y métodos. Se diseñó un árbol de decisiones bajo la perspectiva del tercer pagador considerando únicamente los costos médicos directos en pesos colombianos (COP) del 2014 durante un periodo de un año en una población de pacientes con riesgo intermedio para citomegalovirus (donante positivo y receptor positivo, o donante negativo y receptor positivo)...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666170/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-throughout-pregnancy-a-longitudinal-study-in-healthy-and-preeclamptic-pregnant-women
#9
Yessica Agudelo-Zapata, Luis Miguel Maldonado-Acosta, Hector Fabio Sandoval-Alzate, Natalia Elvira Poveda, María Fernanda Garcés, Jonathan Alexander Cortés-Vásquez, Andrés Felipe Linares-Vaca, Carlos Alejandro Mancera-Rodríguez, Shahar Alexandra Perea-Ariza, Karen Yuliana Ramírez-Iriarte, Camilo Andrés Castro-Saldarriaga, Juan Manuel Arteaga-Diaz, Roberto Franco-Vega, Edith Angel-Muller, Arturo José Parada-Baños, Jorge Eduardo Caminos
BACKGROUND: Worldwide there is a high prevalence of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) deficiency, and has been associated with adverse outcomes during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: This is a nested, case-control study in a longitudinal cohort to compare the serum 25OHD levels and other biomarkers throughout pregnancy in a group of 20 preeclamptic women and 61 healthy pregnant women. An additional group of 29 healthy non-pregnant women were also studied during the two phases of the menstrual cycle...
April 17, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656659/optimization-of-spray-drying-conditions-to-microencapsulate-cupuassu-theobroma-grandiflorum-seed-by-product-extract
#10
Russany Silva da Costa, Camilo Barroso Teixeira, Taís Vanessa Gabbay Alves, Roseane M Ribeiro-Costa, Alessandro A Casazza, Bahar Aliakbarian, Attilio Converti, José O C Silva Júnior, Patrizia Perego
Cupuassu (Theobroma grandiflorum Schum.) is a popular Amazonian fruit because of its intense aroma and nutritional value, whose lipid fraction is alternatively used in cosmetics. To preserve active principles and ensure their controlled release, extract was microencapsulated by spray drying. Influence of spray-drying conditions on microencapsulation of cupuassu seed by-product extract was investigated according to a 33 -Box Behnken factorial design, selecting inlet temperature, maltodextrin concentration and feed flowrate as independent variables, and total polyphenol and flavonoid contents, antiradical power, yields of drying and microencapsulation as responses...
April 16, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650501/social-responsibility-and-global-health-lessons-from-the-rio-olympics-zika-controversy
#11
Fernando Hellmann, Luzilena de Souza Prudêncio Rohde, Marta Verdi, Volnei Garrafa, Camilo Manchola-Castillo
The outbreak of Zika virus infection in the Americas and its possible association with microcephaly raised several concerns among global health authorities regarding the organisation of the Olympic and Paralympic Games scheduled for August and September 2016, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It generated an international controversy over the continuation of the Games with debates on the ethical principle of social responsibility. Based on the principles of social responsibility and health in the Universal Declaration of Bioethics and Human Rights, the present comment ponders on the application of such principles in the context of mega-events and global health...
March 30, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644909/advanced-ercp-techniques-for-the-extraction-of-complex-biliary-stones-a-single-referral-center-s-12-year-experience
#12
Nicholas G Brown, Joel Camilo, Eric Nordstrom, Roy D Yen, Norio Fukami, Brian C Brauer, Sachin Wani, Stuart K Amateau, Augustin R Attwell, Raj J Shah
OBJECTIVES: Advanced ERCP techniques (AETs) for difficult biliary stones include peroral cholangioscopy (POC) with electrohydraulic/laser lithotripsy (EHL/LL), endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation (EPLBD) and mechanical lithotripsy (ML). We assess the efficacy of AETs. METHODS: A retrospective query for AETs. PRIMARY OUTCOME: Complete duct clearance. Secondary outcome: Complete duct clearance by technique. Statistical Analysis version 9...
April 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643427/author-correction-coherent-scatter-controlled-phase-change-grating-structures-in-silicon-using-femtosecond-laser-pulses
#13
Yasser Fuentes-Edfuf, Mario Garcia-Lechuga, Daniel Puerto, Camilo Florian, Adianez Garcia-Leis, Santiago Sanchez-Cortes, Javier Solis, Jan Siegel
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper.
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628699/grouping-of-body-areas-affected-in-traffic-accidents-a-cohort-study
#14
Alba Luz León, Johana Ascuntar-Tello, Carlos Oliver Valderrama-Molina, Nelson Darío Giraldo, Alfredo Constaín, Andrés Puerta, Camilo Restrepo, Fabián Jaimes
Background: Traffic accidents are considered a public health problem and, according to the World Health Organization, currently is the eighth cause of death in the world. Specifically, pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists contribute half of the fatalities. Adequate clinical management in accordance with aggregation patterns of the body areas involved, as well as the characteristics of the accident, will help to reduce mortality and disability in this population. Methods: Secondary data analysis of a cohort of patients involved in traffic accidents and admitted to the emergency room (ER) of a high complexity hospital in Medellín, Colombia...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627859/magnetic-resonance-imaging-assessment-of-the-normal-knee-anterolateral-ligament-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
Camilo Partezani Helito, Paulo Victor Partezani Helito, Renata Vidal Leão, Isabel Curcio Felix Louza, Marcelo Bordalo-Rodrigues, Giovanni Guido Cerri
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the anterolateral ligament (ALL) in normal knees of pediatric patients by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to establish the age at which it is possible to visualize its presence and whether there are differences between male and female populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MRI scans of patients younger than 18 years were retrospectively evaluated. The exams were performed in 1.5-T scanners. The ALL was characterized dichotomously as visualized or not visualized based on the assessment criteria of this structure in adult patients...
April 7, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627640/genetic-variants-structural-and-functional-changes-of-myelin-protein-zero-and-mannose-binding-lectin-2-protein-involved-in-immune-response-and-its-allelic-transmission-in-families-of-patients-with-leprosy-in-colombia
#16
Viviana Cardona-Pemberthy, Michelle Rendón, Juan Camilo Beltrán, Alejandro Soto-Ospina, Amalia Muñoz-Gomez, Pedronel Araque-Marín, Mauricio Corredor, Gabriel Bedoya, Nora Cardona-Castrod
Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. Genetic factors associated with immune response contribute to infection development and disease. M. leprae has the capacity to invade Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system and cause neuropathy. However, while the responsible molecular mechanisms remain to be fully unveiled, they have begun being elucidated. We studied genetic variants Myelin Protein Zero (MPZ), a major structural component of the myelin sheath, and Mannose Binding Lectin 2 (MBL2), a protein involved in immune response, in 112 family groups of 114 leprosy patients using PCR-RFLP, aiming to calculate the association and allelic transmission of variants associated in first, second and third-degree relatives...
April 5, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626274/predictors-of-surgical-outcome-and-early-criteria-of-remission-in-acromegaly
#17
Ximene Antunes, Nina Ventura, Gustavo Bittencourt Camilo, Luiz Eduardo Wildemberg, Andre Guasti, Paulo José M Pereira, Aline Helen Silva Camacho, Leila Chimelli, Paulo Niemeyer, Mônica R Gadelha, Leandro Kasuki
BACKGROUND: Transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) is the cornerstone of acromegaly treatment, however there are no robust predictors of surgical outcome and remission can only be defined three months after surgery. PURPOSE: To analyze if biochemical, demographical, radiological, and immunohistochemical characteristics are predictors of surgical remission and investigate if immediate postoperative GH and IGF-I levels can help defining remission earlier. METHODS: Consecutive acromegaly patients submitted to TSS between 2013-2016 were evaluated...
April 6, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625293/modelling-of-an-anaerobic-plug-flow-reactor-process-analysis-and-evaluation-approaches-with-non-ideal-mixing-considerations
#18
Andrés Donoso-Bravo, Constanza Sadino-Riquelme, Daniel Gómez, Camilo Segura, Emky Valdebenito, Felipe Hansen
This study shows the implementation of the Anaerobic Digestion Model (ADM1) in an anaerobic plug-flow reactor (PFR) with two approaches based on the use of consecutive continuous stirred tank reactors (CSTR) connected in serie for considering non-ideal mixing. The two-region (TR) model splits each CSTR into two regions, while the particulate retention (PR) model adds a retention parameter. The models were calibrated and validated based on experimental data from a bench-scale reactor treating cow manure. The PFR conventional model slightly outperformed the non-ideal mixing approaches...
March 29, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623671/one-and-two-stage-surgical-revision-of-peri-prosthetic-joint-infection-of-the-hip-a-pooled-individual-participant-data-analysis-of-44-cohort-studies
#19
Setor K Kunutsor, Michael R Whitehouse, Ashley W Blom, Tim Board, Peter Kay, B Mike Wroblewski, Valérie Zeller, Szu-Yuan Chen, Pang-Hsin Hsieh, Bassam A Masri, Amir Herman, Jean-Yves Jenny, Ran Schwarzkopf, John-Paul Whittaker, Ben Burston, Ronald Huang, Camilo Restrepo, Javad Parvizi, Sergio Rudelli, Emerson Honda, David E Uip, Guillem Bori, Ernesto Muñoz-Mahamud, Elizabeth Darley, Alba Ribera, Elena Cañas, Javier Cabo, José Cordero-Ampuero, Maria Luisa Sorlí Redó, Simon Strange, Erik Lenguerrand, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Jason Webb, Alasdair MacGowan, Paul Dieppe, Matthew Wilson, Andrew D Beswick
One-stage and two-stage revision strategies are the two main options for treating established chronic peri-prosthetic joint infection (PJI) of the hip; however, there is uncertainty regarding which is the best treatment option. We aimed to compare the risk of re-infection between the two revision strategies using pooled individual participant data (IPD). Observational cohort studies with PJI of the hip treated exclusively by one- or two-stage revision and reporting re-infection outcomes were retrieved by searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform; as well as email contact with investigators...
April 5, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618637/interaction-of-2-3-camp-with-rbp47b-plays-a-role-in-stress-granule-formation
#20
Monika Kosmacz, Marcin Luzarowski, Olga Kerber, Ewa Leniak, Emilio Gutierrez-Beltran, Juan Camilo Moreno Beltran, Michal Gorka, Jagoda Szlachetko, Daniel Veyel, Alexander Graf, Aleksandra Skirycz
2',3'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (2',3'-cAMP), an intriguing small molecule, is conserved among different kingdoms. This small molecule is presumably produced during RNA degradation, with increased cellular levels especially upon stress conditions. We observed its presence in protein complexes isolated from native Arabidopsis lysate, suggesting that 2',3'-cAMP might have protein partners in plants. Moreover, affinity purification (AP) experiments revealed that 2',3'-cAMP associates with the stress granule (SG) proteome...
April 4, 2018: Plant Physiology
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