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Phacoemulsification diabetic retinopathy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776352/surgical-peripheral-iridectomy-via-a-clear-cornea-phacoemulsification-incision-for-pupillary-block-following-cataract-surgery-in-acute-angle-closure
#1
Aiwu Fang, Peijuan Wang, Rui He, Jia Qu
BACKGROUND: To describe a technique of surgical peripheral iridectomy via a clear-cornea tunnel incision to prevent or treat pupillary block following phacoemulsification. METHODS: Description of technique and retrospective description results in 20 eyes of 20 patients with acute angle closure with coexisting visually significant cataract undergoing phacoemulsification considered at risk of postoperative papillary block as well as two pseudo-phakic eyes with acute postoperative pupillary-block...
May 18, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668525/primary-core-vitrectomy-technique-before-cataract-surgery-in-combined-phacovitrectomy-for-eyes-with-dense-vitreous-hemorrhages
#2
Kyung Sup Shin, Hyung Bin Lim, Yong Il Shin, Seong Eun Lee, Young Joon Jo, Jung Yeul Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of a primary core vitrectomy technique for combined phacovitrectomy in eyes showing a poor red reflex because of dense vitreous hemorrhage before cataract surgery. METHODS: A total of 156 eyes from 156 patients, who underwent combined phacovitrectomy because of cataract and dense vitreous hemorrhage, and who were followed up for at least 6 months were included. The patients were divided into a primary phacoemulsification group (Group A, 80 eyes) who underwent phacoemulsification first followed by total vitrectomy and a primary vitrectomy group (Group B, 76 eyes) who underwent core vitrectomy first followed by cataract surgery and followed by total vitrectomy...
April 17, 2018: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564551/preexisting-epiretinal-membrane-is-associated-with-pseudophakic-cystoid-macular-edema
#3
Friederike Schaub, Werner Adler, Philip Enders, Meike C Koenig, Konrad R Koch, Claus Cursiefen, Bernd Kirchhof, Ludwig M Heindl
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether preexisting epiretinal membrane (ERM) is a significant risk factor for developing pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (PCME). METHODS: Two hundred four consecutive eyes and 153 consecutive eyes without preexisting epiretinal membranes were retrospectively compared regarding PCME development following phacoemulsification with posterior chamber lens implantation. Patients with vascular retinal diseases, uveitis, trauma, neovascular macular degeneration, chronic inflammatory conditions, diabetic retinopathy, endophthalmitis, eventful cataract surgery, and combination of cataract surgery and vitrectomy during the observation period were excluded...
May 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533244/thin-rigid-contact-lens-used-in-vitreous-retinal-surgery-for-corneal-protection-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Zizhong Hu, Yuzhi Ding, Xinhua Zheng, Songtao Yuan, Jia Li, Ping Xie, Qinghuai Liu
PURPOSE: To design a rigid contact lens (CL) to be used in combination with a wide-angle viewing system and analyze its protection for corneal epithelial during vitreous-retinal surgery. METHODS: A thin and lightweight rigid CL was designed and constructed. The impact of the CL on the visualized fundus range was evaluated using a concrete eye model. Patients with severe proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) were randomized to either the CL group, corneal protective agent (CPA) group, or balanced salt solution (BSS) group...
March 12, 2018: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258460/a-case-of-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-in-which-scintillating-particles-appeared-in-the-intravitreal-cavity-after-laser-photocoagulation
#5
Ryohsuke Kohmoto, Takatoshi Kobayashi, Takaki Sato, Daisaku Kimura, Masanori Fukumoto, Kensuke Tajiri, Teruyo Kida, Tsunehiko Ikeda
BACKGROUND: To report a case of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) exhibiting the appearance of scintillating particles presumed to be crystallin inside the intravitreal cavity after laser photocoagulation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 56-year-old male patient presented at our outpatient clinic after becoming aware of decreased vision in his right eye. Ocular examination performed at the patient's initial visit revealed a massive preretinal macular hemorrhage due to PDR in his right eye...
December 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944207/predictive-factors-of-visual-outcome-of-malaysian-cataract-patients-a-retrospective-study
#6
Thanigasalam Thevi, Myron Anthony Godinho
AIM: To explore the associations between various characteristics of Malaysian cataract patients and their management, and their post-operative visual outcomes, to inform relevant bodies to reduce cataract-related blindness. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive secondary data analysis of cataract surgery patients in Melaka Hospital, from 2007 to 2014 using the National Eye Database (NED). Patient-related factors (demographic features, systemic and ocular comorbidities) and management-related factors (surgical duration, type of surgery, type of lens) were analysed for their association with visual outcome (acuity)...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865457/vision-related-quality-of-life-and-visual-outcomes-from-cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-vision-threatening-diabetic-retinopathy-a-prospective-observational-study
#7
Bijun Zhu, Yingyan Ma, Senlin Lin, Haidong Zou
BACKGROUND: To examine the benefit of cataract surgery on visual acuity and vision related quality of life in patients with stabilized vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy. METHODS: A total of 126 patients (153 eyes) who were diagnosed with cataract combined with stabilized vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy underwent phacoemulsification. Measurements included the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), which was converted into a weighted logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) and vision related quality of life (VRQoL) using the Chinese-version low vision quality of life questionnaire (CLVQOL)...
September 2, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852905/the-evaluation-of-the-risk-factors-for-capsular-complications-in-phacoemulsification
#8
Şule Berk Ergun, Sücattin İlker Kocamış, Hasan Basri Çakmak, Nurullah Çağıl
PURPOSE: To determine and quantify the risk factors for disruption of lens capsule integrity during phacoemulsification. METHODS: The medical records of the patients who had undergone phacoemulsification cataract surgery and had a complication associated with lens capsule were reviewed. Consecutive cases were also reviewed in reverse chronological order as a control group. The exclusion criteria were pediatric cataracts, traumatic cataracts and lens dislocation...
August 29, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811796/visual-outcome-after-phacoemulsification-with-lens-implant-in-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-patients-a-comparative-study
#9
Abdul Rashid Shaikh, Abdul Haleem Mirani, Muhammad Saleh Memon, Muhammad Faisal Fahim
OBJECTIVE: To compare the visual outcomes of phacoemulsification surgery with intraocular lens (IOL) in persons with and without diabetes at end of follow-up. METHODS: This was a comparative, cross sectional, observational study with Non-probability, purposive sampling. After approval from "Research Ethical Committee of Isra Post-graduate Institute of Ophthalmology Karachi, 92 patients with cataract in one eye were selected. Patients were divided into two groups...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776588/outcome-of-surgery-in-patients-with-giant-retinal-tear-10-years-experience
#10
K Ghasemi Falavarjani, S A Alemzadeh, M Modarres, S A Alemzadeh, M M Parvarash, M Naseripour, M Hashemi, M Robatmeili
PurposeTo present our experience with the surgery in retinal detachment (RD) associated with giant retinal tear (GRT) over 10 years in a tertiary referral hospital.Patients and MethodsIn this retrospective study, the charts of all patients with the diagnosis of RD associated with GRT who underwent surgery from 2005 to 2015 at Rassoul Akram Hospital were reviewed. Exclusion criteria were concomitant presence of diabetic retinopathy, and uveitis. All patients had to have at least 3 months of follow up. The success rate and factors associated with repeated surgery were determined...
September 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613217/macular-edema-after-cataract-surgery-in-eyes-with-preoperative-retinal-vein-occlusion
#11
Han Joo Cho, Hyun Ji Hwang, Hyoung Seok Kim, Dong Won Lee, Chul Gu Kim, Byoung Yeop Kim, Jong Woo Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence of pseudophakic macular edema (PME) in eyes with a history of retinal vein occlusion before cataract surgery and to identify any associated risk factors. METHODS: The records of 21,332 eyes that underwent cataract surgery were retrospectively reviewed. Eyes that had retinal vein occlusion preoperatively with no evidence of macular pathology on optical coherence tomography at the time of surgery and no macular edema treatment at least 6 months before surgery were included...
May 2, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367202/effect-of-topical-nepafenac-in-prevention-of-macular-edema-after-cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-non-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy
#12
Muhammad Haroon Sarfraz, Rana Intisar Ul Haq, Mohammad Asim Mehboob
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of topical Nepafenac (0.1%), administered post-operatively in prevention of Macular Edema (ME), after cataract surgery in patients with Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR). METHODS: This randomized control trial was conducted at Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology (AFIO), Rawalpindi from Sep 2015 to Sep 2016. Sixty eyes of 60 patients with NPDR underwent phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation. Group 1 received 0...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366368/risk-factors-for-and-diagnosis-of-pseudophakic-cystoid-macular-edema-after-cataract-surgery-in-diabetic-patients
#13
Jin Yang, Lei Cai, Zhongcui Sun, Hongfei Ye, Qi Fan, Keke Zhang, Wenyi Lu, Yi Lu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the risk factors and potential diagnostic criteria for pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (CME) in diabetic patients after phacoemulsification. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China. DESIGN: Prospective nonrandomized study. METHODS: Diabetic patients were followed for up to 6 months after cataract surgery and examined to evaluate their foveal thickness, macular sensitivity, and corrected distance visual acuity...
February 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317685/cost-utility-analyses-of-cataract-surgery-in-vision-threatening-diabetic-retinopathy
#14
Bijun Zhu, Yingyan Ma, Haidong Zou
PURPOSE: To explore the cost utility of cataract surgery in patients with stabilized vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy (DR). SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with cataracts combined with stabilized vision-threatening DR had successful phacoemulsification with foldable posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation...
January 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303988/cystoid-macular-oedema-after-phacoemulsification-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-hospital-based-clinical-prospective-trial-in-karachi
#15
Abdul Haleem, Adil Saleem, Saleh Memon, Nasir Memon, Muhammad Faisal Fahim
OBJECTIVE: To know the outcomes of cystoid macular oedema after phacoemulsification in patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus using optical coherence tomography. METHODS: This non-concurrent, clinical, prospective study was carried out at Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, from January to August 2015. After phacoemulsification with injectable posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation, eyes of patients were analysed. The patients were divided into diabetic and non-diabetic groups visual acuity, optical coherence tomography and dilated fundus examination were performed preoperatively (baseline) and post-operative 1st week and 6th week...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252875/effect-of-preoperative-topical-diclofenac-on-intraocular-interleukin-12-concentration-and-macular-edema-after-cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-diabetic-retinopathy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Aleksej Medić, Tomislav Jukić, Anita Matas, Katarina Vukojević, Ada Sapunar, Ljubo Znaor
AIM: To determine if preoperative treatment with a topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) lowers the concentration of intraocular interleukin (IL)-12 and the incidence of postoperative macular edema in patients with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy undergoing cataract surgery. METHODS: A total of 55 patients were randomized to diclofenac (n=27) or placebo (n=28). Patients receiving diclofenac started preoperative treatment with 0.1% topical diclofenac four times a day 7 days before cataract surgery and the therapy was discontinued 30 days after surgery...
February 28, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219426/pseudophakic-cystoid-macular-edema-prevention-and-risk-factors-prospective-study-with-adjunctive-once-daily-topical-nepafenac-0-3-versus-placebo
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sean McCafferty, April Harris, Corin Kew, Tala Kassm, Lisa Lane, Jason Levine, Meisha Raven
BACKGROUND: Define the effectiveness of a topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) added to topical steroid use after uncomplicated phacoemulsification for the prevention of pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (PCME) using a prospective, randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled clinical study. METHODS: Eyes (1000) were randomized to placebo (497) or nepafenac 0.3% (503) used once daily, post-operatively for 5 weeks at two ophthalmology clinics. Diagnosis of PCME was made by clinical, ocular coherence tomography (OCT), and with fluorescein angiography confirmation...
February 20, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196056/effect-of-an-intravitreal-dexamethasone-implant-on-diabetic-macular-edema-after-cataract-surgery
#18
Pilar Calvo, Antonio Ferreras, Fadwa Al Adel, Wantanee Dangboon, Michael H Brent
PURPOSE: To analyze the effects of a dexamethasone intravitreal implant (DEX; Ozurdex 700 μg; Allergan) administered immediately after cataract surgery in diabetic patients. METHODS: This prospective, single-arm, open label study (NCT01748487 at ClinicalTrials.gov) involved Type 2 diabetic patients with at least mild diabetic retinopathy (DR) who underwent cataract surgery and DEX insertion after phacoemulsification, and intraocular lens implantation were enrolled...
March 2018: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168827/auckland-cataract-study-2-clinical-outcomes-of-phacoemulsification-cataract-surgery-in-a-public-teaching-hospital
#19
Bia Z Kim, Dipika V Patel, Charles Nj McGhee
IMPORTANCE: A contemporary benchmark for the most common ophthalmic surgery. BACKGROUND: To assess patient characteristics and outcomes of contemporary phacoemulsification cataract surgery in a New Zealand public teaching hospital setting. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive cases (n = 500) of phacoemulsification surgery between April and June 2015. METHODS: An independent observer assessed clinical and surgical data preoperatively and 4-6 weeks postoperatively...
August 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091428/refractive-aim-and-visual-outcome-after-phacoemulsification-a-2-year-review-from-a-tertiary-private-eye-hospital-in-sub-saharan-africa
#20
O Oderinlo, A O Hassan, F O Oluyadi, A O Ogunro, O N Okonkwo, M O Ulaikere, O Ashano
AIM: To review the short-term visual outcome of phacoemulsification in adults with uncomplicated cataracts in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of records of patients that had phacoemulsification between January 2012 and December 2013 in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, was done. Preoperative visual acuity, refractive aim, intraoperative complications, postoperative unaided, and best-corrected visual acuity at 1 and 3 months were analyzed...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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