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Phacoemulsification diabetic retinopathy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613217/macular-edema-after-cataract-surgery-in-eyes-with-preoperative-retinal-vein-occlusion
#1
Han Joo Cho, Hyun Ji Hwang, Hyoung Seok Kim, Dong Won Lee, Chul Gu Kim, Byoung Yeop Kim, Jong Woo Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence of pseudophakic macular edema (PME) in eyes with a history of retinal vein occlusion before cataract surgery and to identify any associated risk factors. METHODS: The records of 21,332 eyes that underwent cataract surgery were retrospectively reviewed. Eyes that had retinal vein occlusion preoperatively with no evidence of macular pathology on optical coherence tomography at the time of surgery and no macular edema treatment at least 6 months before surgery were included...
May 2, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367202/effect-of-topical-nepafenac-in-prevention-of-macular-edema-after-cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-non-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy
#2
Muhammad Haroon Sarfraz, Rana Intisar Ul Haq, Mohammad Asim Mehboob
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of topical Nepafenac (0.1%), administered post-operatively in prevention of Macular Edema (ME), after cataract surgery in patients with Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR). METHODS: This randomized control trial was conducted at Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology (AFIO), Rawalpindi from Sep 2015 to Sep 2016. Sixty eyes of 60 patients with NPDR underwent phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation. Group 1 received 0...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366368/risk-factors-for-and-diagnosis-of-pseudophakic-cystoid-macular-edema-after-cataract-surgery-in-diabetic-patients
#3
Jin Yang, Lei Cai, Zhongcui Sun, Hongfei Ye, Qi Fan, Keke Zhang, Wenyi Lu, Yi Lu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the risk factors and potential diagnostic criteria for pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (CME) in diabetic patients after phacoemulsification. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China. DESIGN: Prospective nonrandomized study. METHODS: Diabetic patients were followed for up to 6 months after cataract surgery and examined to evaluate their foveal thickness, macular sensitivity, and corrected distance visual acuity...
February 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317685/cost-utility-analyses-of-cataract-surgery-in-vision-threatening-diabetic-retinopathy
#4
Bijun Zhu, Yingyan Ma, Haidong Zou
PURPOSE: To explore the cost utility of cataract surgery in patients with stabilized vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy (DR). SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with cataracts combined with stabilized vision-threatening DR had successful phacoemulsification with foldable posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation...
January 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303988/cystoid-macular-oedema-after-phacoemulsification-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-hospital-based-clinical-prospective-trial-in-karachi
#5
Abdul Haleem, Adil Saleem, Saleh Memon, Nasir Memon, Muhammad Faisal Fahim
OBJECTIVE: To know the outcomes of cystoid macular oedema after phacoemulsification in patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus using optical coherence tomography. METHODS: This non-concurrent, clinical, prospective study was carried out at Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, from January to August 2015. After phacoemulsification with injectable posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation, eyes of patients were analysed. The patients were divided into diabetic and non-diabetic groups visual acuity, optical coherence tomography and dilated fundus examination were performed preoperatively (baseline) and post-operative 1st week and 6th week...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252875/effect-of-preoperative-topical-diclofenac-on-intraocular-interleukin-12-concentration-and-macular-edema-after-cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-diabetic-retinopathy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Aleksej Medić, Tomislav Jukić, Anita Matas, Katarina Vukojević, Ada Sapunar, Ljubo Znaor
AIM: To determine if preoperative treatment with a topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) lowers the concentration of intraocular interleukin (IL)-12 and the incidence of postoperative macular edema in patients with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy undergoing cataract surgery. METHODS: A total of 55 patients were randomized to diclofenac (n=27) or placebo (n=28). Patients receiving diclofenac started preoperative treatment with 0.1% topical diclofenac four times a day 7 days before cataract surgery and the therapy was discontinued 30 days after surgery...
February 28, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219426/pseudophakic-cystoid-macular-edema-prevention-and-risk-factors-prospective-study-with-adjunctive-once-daily-topical-nepafenac-0-3-versus-placebo
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sean McCafferty, April Harris, Corin Kew, Tala Kassm, Lisa Lane, Jason Levine, Meisha Raven
BACKGROUND: Define the effectiveness of a topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) added to topical steroid use after uncomplicated phacoemulsification for the prevention of pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (PCME) using a prospective, randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled clinical study. METHODS: Eyes (1000) were randomized to placebo (497) or nepafenac 0.3% (503) used once daily, post-operatively for 5 weeks at two ophthalmology clinics. Diagnosis of PCME was made by clinical, ocular coherence tomography (OCT), and with fluorescein angiography confirmation...
February 20, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196056/effect-of-an-intravitreal-dexamethasone-implant-on-diabetic-macular-edema-after-cataract-surgery
#8
Pilar Calvo, Antonio Ferreras, Fadwa Al Adel, Wantanee Dangboon, Michael H Brent
PURPOSE: To analyze the effects of a dexamethasone intravitreal implant (DEX; Ozurdex 700 μg; Allergan) administered immediately after cataract surgery in diabetic patients. METHODS: This prospective, single-arm, open label study (NCT01748487 at ClinicalTrials.gov) involved Type 2 diabetic patients with at least mild diabetic retinopathy (DR) who underwent cataract surgery and DEX insertion after phacoemulsification, and intraocular lens implantation were enrolled...
February 10, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168827/auckland-cataract-study-2-clinical-outcomes-of-phacoemulsification-cataract-surgery-in-a-public-teaching-hospital
#9
Bia Z Kim, Dipika V Patel, Charles Nj McGhee
IMPORTANCE: A contemporary benchmark for the most common ophthalmic surgery. BACKGROUND: To assess patient characteristics and outcomes of contemporary phacoemulsification cataract surgery in a New Zealand public teaching hospital setting. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive cases (N = 500) of phacoemulsification surgery between April and June 2015. METHODS: An independent observer assessed all clinical and surgical data pre-operatively and 4-6 weeks post-operatively...
February 7, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091428/refractive-aim-and-visual-outcome-after-phacoemulsification-a-2-year-review-from-a-tertiary-private-eye-hospital-in-sub-saharan-africa
#10
O Oderinlo, A O Hassan, F O Oluyadi, A O Ogunro, O N Okonkwo, M O Ulaikere, O Ashano
AIM: To review the short-term visual outcome of phacoemulsification in adults with uncomplicated cataracts in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of records of patients that had phacoemulsification between January 2012 and December 2013 in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, was done. Preoperative visual acuity, refractive aim, intraoperative complications, postoperative unaided, and best-corrected visual acuity at 1 and 3 months were analyzed...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009415/dexamethasone-intravitreal-implant-at-the-time-of-cataract-surgery-in-eyes-with-diabetic-macular-edema
#11
Giacomo A Panozzo, Elena Gusson, Giorgio Panozzo, Giulia Dalla Mura
PURPOSE: To determine the potential role of intraoperative dexamethasone intravitreal implant (DEX-I) in reducing diabetic macular edema (DME) worsening after phacoemulsification. METHODS: This was a prospective study on 19 eyes of 19 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with DME and cataract. Mean preoperative Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study visual acuity (VA) was 16.7 letters. Mean foveal thickness (FT) was 451 μm. The DME was naive in 11 eyes and refractory in 8 eyes...
December 16, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853014/phaco-emulsification-in-completely-vitrectomized-eyes-intraoperative-analysis-of-modified-phaco-sleeve
#12
Rajesh S Joshi
PURPOSE: The purpose was to evaluate the results of modified sleeve in phacoemulsification of cataract in completely vitrectomised eyes, Materials and Methods: Twenty-five previously completely vitrectomized eyes of 23 patients having visually significant cataract were included. After through evaluation they underwent phaco-emulsification by phaco chop with a modified sleeve via temporal clear corneal incision. The modified sleeve was made by creating a small round port of approximate 1 × 1 mm size at the proximate end of the sleeve in line with the already existing ports...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791246/corneal-higher-order-aberrations-after-phacoemulsification-a-comparison-of-3-different-incision-sizes
#13
Christoph von Sonnleithner, Daniel Pilger, David Homburg, Tobias Brockmann, Necip Torun, Eckart Bertelmann
PURPOSE: To analyze the impact of different incision sizes for phacoemulsification on corneal higher-order aberrations (HOA). METHODS: Patients seeking cataract surgery were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: 1.4 mm with biaxial microincision phacoemulsification (25 eyes), 1.8 mm with coaxial phacoemulsification (27 eyes), and 2.2 mm with coaxial phacoemulsification (62 eyes). Inclusion criteria were a minimum age of 18 years and uncomplicated cataract...
October 27, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686470/risk-factors-for-return-to-the-operating-room-after-resident-performed-cataract-surgery
#14
Shivali A Menda, Todd H Driver, Alexandra E Neiman, Seth Blumberg, Ayman Naseri, Jay M Stewart
OBJECTIVE: Investigate risk factors for unplanned return to the operating room after resident-performed cataract surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Institutional. METHODS: Study population: All patients with reoperation within 90 days of resident-performed phacoemulsification were matched to four control eyes which had surgery within 30 days of the reoperation at the same institution. OBSERVATION PROCEDURE: Billing codes were used to identify all patients who underwent resident-performed intended phacoemulsification with intraocular lens placement from January 2005 to December 2010...
September 29, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27277708/akreos-adapt-ao-intraocular-lens-opacification-after-vitrectomy-in-a-diabetic-patient-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Dan Cao, Hongyang Zhang, Cheng Yang, Liang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Postoperative optic opacification of hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lenses (IOLs) is an uncommon complication leading to IOL explantation. In the past decade, several studies reported that the granular deposits responsible for the opacification were probably calcium and phosphate salts; however, the exact mechanism causing calcification of IOLs is unknown. The aim of this study is to describe clinical and laboratory findings of a case of late postoperative opacification of an aspheric hydrophilic acrylic IOL (Akreos Adapt AO) after vitrectomy...
June 8, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274192/segmentation-and-removal-of-fibrovascular-membranes-with-high-speed-23-g-transconjunctival-sutureless-vitrectomy-in-severe-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy
#16
Erkan Celik, Ozkan Sever, Fatih Horozoglu, Ates Yanyalı
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of high-speed (5,000 cuts per minute) 23 G transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy (TSV) in severe diabetic fibrovascular proliferation (DFVP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective consecutive case series, patients who underwent 23 G TSV for severe DFVP between October 2011 and March 2014 at our institution were evaluated. 23 G TSV was performed with a high-speed (5,000 cuts per minute) cutter without a chandelier light...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27130371/calcification-of-hydrophilic-acrylic-intraocular-lenses-with-a-hydrophobic-surface-laboratory-analysis-of-6-cases
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sotirios P Gartaganis, Philipp Prahs, Eftichia D Lazari, Panos S Gartaganis, Horst Helbig, Petros G Koutsoukos
PURPOSE: To investigate the nature and characteristic features of deposits causing opacification of intraocular lenses (IOLs) based on the examination of clinical findings using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDX) analysis. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. METHODS: This is a multicenter study of 6 hydrophilic acrylic IOLs (Lentis LS-502-1; Oculentis GmbH, Berlin, Germany) with a hydrophobic surface that were explanted from 5 patients because of opacification...
August 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27105327/surgical-and-functional-results-of-27-gauge-vitrectomy-combined-with-coaxial-1-8-mm-microincision-cataract-surgery-a-consecutive-case-series
#18
Mitrofanis Pavlidis, Norbert Körber, Fabian Höhn
PURPOSE: To investigate outcomes after coaxial 1.8 mm microincision cataract surgery combined with 27-gauge vitrectomy (MICVIT) in eyes with vitreoretinal disease and age-related cataract. METHODS: A single-center, retrospective case series study of 62 subjects (62 eyes) with a mean age of 70 years who underwent combined microincision phacoemulsification, intraocular lens implantation, and 27-gauge vitrectomy during the 12-month period to January 2015. Intraoperative and postoperative complications, and visual results were the main outcome measures...
November 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27093390/vitrectomy-to-remove-posteriorly-retained-iris-expansion-ring
#19
Jeffrey L Olson, Anna G Mackin, Michael S Erlanger
PURPOSE: To describe management of posteriorly retained iris expansion ring-a newly reported complication of phacoemulsification surgery in a patient with intact posterior capsule. METHODS: Case report. PATIENTS: A 64-year-old monocular patient with history of regressed proliferative diabetic retinopathy after pars plana vitrectomy, long-standing glaucoma, and cataract, undergoing phacoemulsification for cataract removal, complicated by posterior migration of the Malyugin ring through area of zonular dehiscence despite intact posterior capsule, which resulted in significant visual disturbance...
2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27081892/phacoemulsification-and-intraoperative-complications-in-452-patients-with-diabetic-retinopathy
#20
B L Heesterman, B F Hogewind
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
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