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vasopressor septic

Yao Lu, Han Zhang, Fang Teng, Wen-Jun Xia, Gui-Xiang Sun, Ai-Qing Wen
INTRODUCTION: The Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines recommend early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) for the resuscitation of patients with sepsis; however, the recent evidences quickly evolve and convey conflicting results. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of EGDT on mortality in adults with severe sepsis and septic shock. METHODS: We searched electronic databases to identify randomized controlled trials that compared EGDT with usual care or lactate-guided therapy in adults with severe sepsis and septic shock...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Patrick M Honore, Rita Jacobs, Inne Hendrickx, Elisabeth De Waele, Herbert D Spapen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Samuel M Brown, Jeffrey Sorensen, Michael J Lanspa, Matthew T Rondina, Colin K Grissom, Sajid Shahul, V J Mathews
BACKGROUND: Septic shock is a common and often devastating syndrome marked by severe cardiovascular dysfunction commonly managed with vasopressors. Whether markers of heart rate complexity before vasopressor up-titration could be used to predict success of the up-titration is not known. METHODS: We studied patients with septic shock requiring vasopressor, newly admitted to the intensive care unit. We measured the complexity of heart rate variability (using the ratio of fractal exponents from detrended fluctuation analysis) in the 5 min before all vasopressor up-titrations in the first 24 h of an intensive care unit (ICU) admission...
October 10, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Anton Krige, Martin Bland, Thomas Fanshawe
BACKGROUND: Passive leg raising (PLR) is a so called self-volume challenge used to test for fluid responsiveness. Changes in cardiac output (CO) or stroke volume (SV) measured during PLR are used to predict the need for subsequent fluid loading. This requires a device that can measure CO changes rapidly. The Vigileo™ monitor, using third-generation software, allows continuous CO monitoring. The aim of this study was to compare changes in CO (measured with the Vigileo device) during a PLR manoeuvre to calculate the accuracy for predicting fluid responsiveness...
2016: Journal of Intensive Care
Leonel Lagunes, Belen Encina, Sergio Ramirez-Estrada
Sepsis and septic shock is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Antibiotics, fluid resuscitation support of vital organ function and source control are the cornerstones for the treatment of these patients. Source control measures include all those actions taken in the process of care to control the foci of infection and to restore optimal function of the site of infection. Source control represents the multidisciplinary team required in order to optimize critical care for septic shock patients. In the last decade an increase interest on fluids, vasopressors, antibiotics, and organ support techniques in all aspects whether time, dose and type of any of those have been described...
September 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
Luc Morin, Samiran Ray, Clare Wilson, Solenn Remy, Mohamed Rida Benissa, Nicolaas J G Jansen, Etienne Javouhey, Mark J Peters, Martin Kneyber, Daniele De Luca, Simon Nadel, Luregn Jan Schlapbach, Graeme Maclaren, Pierre Tissieres
PURPOSE: Although overall paediatric septic shock mortality is decreasing, refractory septic shock (RSS) is still associated with high mortality. A definition for RSS is urgently needed to facilitate earlier identification and treatment. We aim to establish a European society of paediatric and neonatal intensive care (ESPNIC) experts' definition of paediatric RSS. METHODS: We conducted a two-round Delphi study followed by an observational multicentre retrospective study...
October 5, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
Parnandi Bhaskar Rao, Neha Singh, Sumanth Samson
A 56-year-old man on maintenance hemodialysis was admitted to the intensive care unit with septic shock and coagulopathy. As there was a dialysis catheter in the right internal jugular vein, the left internal jugular vein was cannulated with a central venous catheter to initiate vasopressor therapy. A chest X-ray showed formation of a catheter loop inside the left brachiocephalic vein, probably due to hindrance by the dialysis catheter. This report describes the hurdles encountered, repeated cannulation attempts, and serial chest X-ray findings required to obtain acceptable placement of the catheter tip...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
S Dietz, C Lautenschläger, U Müller-Werdan, G Pilz, P Fraunberger, M Päsler, H Ebelt, A K Walli, K Werdan, S Nuding
BACKGROUND: The role of intravenous immune globulin (Ig) therapy in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock is discussed controversially. Low initial IgG levels could help to identify those patients who might benefit from an adjunctive Ig treatment. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of initial serum IgG levels on 28-day mortality in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective analysis of the SBITS trial data, 543 patients were allocated to four groups (quartiles) depending on their initial serum IgG levels (1: IgG ≤ 6...
September 27, 2016: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
Jose Davila, Anthony E Urbisci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
J X Zhang, M Yin, X M Chen, C Li, D W Wu, S F Ding, B F Du, H P Guo, W D Qin, H N Yang, H Wang
Objective: To investigate the predictive value of early lactate area for mortality in elderly patients with septic shock. Methods: From January 2012 to December 2013, a prospective study was conducted in the Department of Critical Care Medicine, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University. A total of 115 septic shock patients with age ≥65 years were included in the study. Serum lactate was measured every 6 hours, the lactate indicators, including early lactate area, APACHE Ⅱ score etc were recorded. Results: The overall 28-day mortality rate was 67...
September 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Alessandro Belletti, Umberto Benedetto, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Carlo Leggieri, Paolo Silvani, Gianni D Angelini, Alberto Zangrillo, Giovanni Landoni
PURPOSE: Inotropes and vasopressors are cornerstone of therapy in septic shock, but search for the best agent is ongoing. We aimed to determine which vasoactive drug is associated with the best survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, BioMedCentral, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register were searched. Randomized trials performed in septic patients with at least 1 group allocated to an inotrope/vasopressor were included. Network meta-analysis with a frequentist approach was performed...
August 13, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Ashok Choudhury, Chandan Kumar Kedarisetty, Chitranshu Vashishtha, Deepak Saini, Sachin Kumar, Rakhi Maiwall, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Ajeet Singh Bhadoria, Guresh Kumar, Yogendra Kumar Joshi, Shiv Kumar Sarin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The choice of vasopressor for treating cirrhosis with septic shock is unclear. While noradrenaline in general is the preferred vasopressor, terlipressin improves microcirculation in addition to vasopressor action in non-cirrhotics. We compared the efficacy and safety of noradrenaline and terlipressin in cirrhotics with septic shock. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cirrhotics with septic shock underwent open label randomization to receive either terlipressin (n=42)or noradrenaline (n=42) infusion at a titrated dose...
September 16, 2016: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Janet Y Wu, Joanna L Stollings, Arthur P Wheeler, Matthew W Semler, Todd W Rice
BACKGROUND: In septic shock, the dose of norepinephrine (NE) at which vasopressin (AVP) should be added is unknown. Following an increase in AVP price, our medical intensive care unit (MICU) revised its vasopressor guidelines to reserve AVP for patients requiring greater than 50 µg/min of NE. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare efficacy and safety outcomes for patients admitted before the guideline revision with those for patients admitted after the revision...
September 14, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Sarah J Beesley, Emily L Wilson, Michael J Lanspa, Colin K Grissom, Sajid Shahul, Daniel Talmor, Samuel M Brown
OBJECTIVES: Tachycardia is common in septic shock, but many patients with septic shock are relatively bradycardic. The prevalence, determinants, and implications of relative bradycardia (heart rate, < 80 beats/min) in septic shock are unknown. To determine mortality associated with patients who are relatively bradycardic while in septic shock. DESIGN: Retrospective study of patients admitted for septic shock to study ICUs during 2005-2013. SETTING: One large academic referral hospital and two community hospitals...
September 9, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Tamara McColl, Mathieu Gatien, Lisa Calder, Krishan Yadav, Ryan Tam, Melody Ong, Monica Taljaard, Ian Stiell
BACKGROUND: In 2008-2009, the Canadian Institute for Health Information reported over 30,000 cases of sepsis hospitalizations in Canada, an increase of almost 4,000 from 2005. Mortality rates from severe sepsis and septic shock continue to remain greater than 30% in Canada and are significantly higher than other critical conditions treated in the emergency department (ED). Our group formed a multidisciplinary sepsis committee, conducted an ED process of care analysis, and developed a quality improvement protocol...
September 9, 2016: CJEM
M H Møller, C Claudius, E Junttila, M Haney, A Oscarsson-Tibblin, A Haavind, A Perner
BACKGROUND: Adult critically ill patients often suffer from acute circulatory failure, necessitating use of vasopressor therapy. The aim of the Scandinavian Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (SSAI) task force for Acute Circulatory Failure was to present clinically relevant, evidence-based treatment recommendations on this topic. METHODS: This guideline was developed according to standards for trustworthy guidelines, including a systematic review of the literature and use of the GRADE methodology for assessment of the quality of evidence and for moving from evidence to recommendations...
November 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Evgeni Brotfain, Leonid Koyfman, Ronen Toledano, Abraham Borer, Lior Fucs, Ori Galante, Amit Frenkel, Ruslan Kutz, Moti Klein
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis and septic shock continue to be syndromes that carry a high mortality rate worldwide. Early aggressive fluid and vasopressor support have resulted in significant improvement in patient outcomes. The prognostic clinical significance of a positive fluid balance in septic intensive care unit (ICU) patients remains undetermined. METHODS: We collected data from 297 septic patients hospitalized in our general and medical ICUs at Soroka Medical Center between January 2005 and June 2011 and divided the 4 study groups into the following 4 fluid balances: group 1, patients with fluid balance at discharge from ICU (FBD) less than 10 L; group 2, patients with an FBD of 10 to 20 L; group 3, patients with an FBD of 20 to 30 L; and group 4, patients with FBD in excess of 30 L...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Julian M Williams, Jaimi H Greenslade, Chelsea A Dymond, Kevin Chu, Anthony F T Brown, Jeffrey Lipman
OBJECTIVE: Most published data on emergency department (ED) patients with septic shock have been generated from studies examining the effect of early protocolized resuscitation in selected cohorts. Consequently, these data do not generally represent patients falling outside trial inclusion criteria or judged unsuitable for aggressive treatment. Our aim was to determine the characteristics, treatment and outcomes for all ED patients fulfilling the criteria for septic shock. METHODS: Septic shock patients were identified from a prospective database of consecutive ED patients admitted with infection...
August 19, 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Joseph Sabat, Scott Gould, Ezra Gillego, Anita Hariprashad, Christine Wiest, Shailyn Almonte, David J Lucido, Asaf Gave, I Michael Leitman, Simon D Eiref
BACKGROUND: Using finger-stick capillary blood to assess lactate from the microcirculation may have utility in treating critically ill patients. Our goals were to determine how finger-stick capillary lactate correlates with arterial lactate levels in patients from the surgical intensive care unit, and to compare how capillary and arterial lactate trend over time in patients undergoing resuscitation for shock. METHODS: Capillary whole blood specimens were obtained from finger-sticks using a lancet, and assessed for lactate via a handheld point-of-care device as part of an "investigational use only" study...
September 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Angélica K Bernardelli, Rita de C V de A F Da Silva, Thiago Corrêa, José Eduardo Da Silva-Santos
We evaluated the effects of phenylephrine, norepinephrine, angiotensin II, and vasopressin in mesenteric, renal, carotid, and tail arteries, and in perfused mesenteric vascular bed from rats subjected to the cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model of sepsis. Phenylephrine and angiotensin II were less efficacious in mesenteric arteries from the CLP 6 h and CLP 18 h groups than in preparations from non-septic animals, but no differences were found for norepinephrine and vasopressin between the preparations. In renal arteries, none of the vasoconstrictors had impaired activity in the CLP groups...
June 24, 2016: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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