keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cardiovascular Secondary prevention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730939/drug-delivery-to-the-brain-how-can-nanoencapsulated-statins-be-used-in-the-clinic
#1
Fabio Sonvico, Francesca Zimetti, Adriana Raffin Pohlmann, Sílvia Stanisçuaski Guterres
Statins are used for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease by inhibiting cholesterol synthesis in the liver. Statins have also noncholesterol-related effects, called pleiotropic effects, which arise from statins' anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and antioxidant properties. These effects are especially attractive for the treatment of various brain diseases ranging from stroke to neurodegenerative diseases. Still, low brain concentrations after oral drug administration hinder the clinical application of statins in these pathologies...
July 2017: Therapeutic Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727332/-inhibitors-of-pcsk9
#2
Iveta Petrova-Slater, Andrea Denegri, Elena Pasotti, Maria Grazia Rossi, David Spirk, Walter F Riesen, Tiziano Moccetti, Marco Moccetti
Observational data show a consistent association between elevated low density lipoproteins (LDL-C) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Reduction of LDL-C reduces the risk of CVD as has been shown by many trials. Statins are currently the most effective drugs for lowering LDL-C, but can present side effects which might limit the prescribed dosage and prevent patients from reaching the recommended LDL levels. Although treated with statins important residual cardiovascular event risk remains in patients in primary and secondary prevention for CVD...
April 12, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725272/brazilian-guidelines-on-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-position-statement-from-the-brazilian-diabetes-society-sbd-the-brazilian-cardiology-society-sbc-and-the-brazilian-endocrinology-and-metabolism-society-sbem
#3
REVIEW
Marcello Casaccia Bertoluci, Rodrigo Oliveira Moreira, André Faludi, Maria Cristina Izar, Beatriz D Schaan, Cynthia Melissa Valerio, Marcelo Chiara Bertolami, Ana Paula Chacra, Marcus Vinicius Bolivar Malachias, Sérgio Vencio, José Francisco Kerr Saraiva, Roberto Betti, Luiz Turatti, Francisco Antonio Helfenstein Fonseca, Henrique Tria Bianco, Marta Sulzbach, Adriana Bertolami, João Eduardo Nunes Salles, Alexandre Hohl, Fábio Trujilho, Eduardo Gomes Lima, Marcio Hiroshi Miname, Maria Teresa Zanella, Rodrigo Lamounier, João Roberto Sá, Celso Amodeo, Antonio Carlos Pires, Raul D Santos
BACKGROUND: Since the first position statement on diabetes and cardiovascular prevention published in 2014 by the Brazilian Diabetes Society, the current view on primary and secondary prevention in diabetes has evolved as a result of new approaches on cardiovascular risk stratification, new cholesterol lowering drugs, and new anti-hyperglycemic drugs. Importantly, a pattern of risk heterogeneity has emerged, showing that not all diabetic patients are at high or very high risk. In fact, most younger patients who have no overt cardiovascular risk factors may be more adequately classified as being at intermediate or even low cardiovascular risk...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725259/cardiovascular-disease-risk-and-prevention-amongst-syrian-refugees-mixed-methods-study-of-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-programme-in-jordan
#4
Dylan R J Collins, Kiran Jobanputra, Thomas Frost, Shoaib Muhammed, Alison Ward, Abed Alrazzaq Shafei, Taissir Fardous, Sadeq Gabashneh, Carl Heneghan
BACKGROUND: The growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) presented new challenges for medical humanitarian aid and little was known about primary health care approaches for these diseases in humanitarian response. We aimed to evaluate Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF's) use of total CVD risk based prevention strategies amongst Syrian refugees in northern Jordan to identify opportunities to improve total CVD risk based guidance for humanitarian settings. METHODS: We evaluated CVD risk assessment and management in two outpatient NCD clinics in the Irbid governorate of Jordan using a mixed methods design with qualitative and quantitative strands of equal priority, integrated during data collection and interpretation...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724320/statins-and-venous-thromboembolism-do-they-represent-a-viable-therapeutic-agent
#5
Setor K Kunutsor, Michael R Whitehouse, Ashley W Blom, Jari A Laukkanen
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is an important cause of preventable morbidity and mortality. Though anticoagulants are effective in preventing VTE, they are associated with major bleeding risk. The 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (known as statins), are well established for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease via their lipid-lowering properties. Emerging evidence suggests that statins may play a role in the prevention of VTE, but the evidence has been uncertain...
July 21, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722184/appropriateness-of-antiplatelet-therapy-for-primary-and-secondary-cardio-and-cerebrovascular-prevention-in-acutely-hospitalized-older-people
#6
I Ardoino, R Rossio, D Di Blanca, A Nobili, L Pasina, P M Mannucci, F Peyvandi, C Franchi
BACKGROUND: Antiplatelet therapy is recommended for the secondary prevention of cardio- and cerebrovascular disease, but for primary prevention it is advised only in patients at very high risk. With this background, this study aims to assess the appropriateness of antiplatelet therapy in acutely hospitalized older people according to their risk profile. METHODS: Data were obtained from the REPOSI register held in Italian and Spanish internal medicine and geriatric wards in 2012 and 2014...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717862/practical-considerations-for-the-use-of-subcutaneous-treatment-in-the-management-of-dyslipidaemia
#7
REVIEW
Franck Boccara, Ricardo Dent, Luis Ruilope, Paul Valensi
Suboptimal drug adherence represents a major challenge to effective primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. While adherence is influenced by multiple considerations, polypharmacy and dosing frequency appear to be rate-limiting factors in patient satisfaction and subsequent adherence. The cardiovascular and metabolic therapeutic areas have recently benefited from a number of advances in drug therapy, in particular protease proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors and incretin-based therapies, respectively...
July 17, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714810/advances-in-cardiovascular-health-in-women-over-the-past-decade-guideline-recommendations-for-practice
#8
Pejman Raeisi-Giglou, Annabelle Santos Volgman, Hena Patel, Susan Campbell, Amparo Villablanca, Eileen Hsich
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the number one cause of death in women. It is estimated that 44 million women in the United States are either living with or at risk for heart disease. This article highlights the recent significant progress made in improving care, clinical decision-making, and policy implications for women with CVD. We provide our perspective supported by evidence-based advances in cardiovascular research and clinical care guidelines in seven areas: (1) primary CVD prevention and community heart care, (2) secondary prevention of CVD, (3) stroke, (4) heart failure and cardiomyopathies, (5) ischemia with nonobstructive coronary artery disease, (6) spontaneous coronary artery dissection, and (7) arrhythmias and device therapies...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705404/midterm-results-of-internal-iliac-artery-aneurysm-embolization
#9
A Pirvu, N Gallet, S Perou, F Thony, J-L Magne
OBJECTIVE: We describe the immediate and midterm results of endovascular treatment of isolated internal iliac artery aneurysms (IIAA). METHODS: This was a retrospective single center study. From 2005 to 2014, data from 20 consecutive patients who had an embolisation for an isolated atherosclerotic internal iliac artery aneurysm underwent an endovascular treatment. We retrospectively evaluated the technical aspects and outcomes. RESULTS: The mean aneurysm diameter was 42mm (range 30-97mm)...
May 2017: J Med Vasc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705312/community-based-lifestyle-intervention-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-the-response-2-trial
#10
Madelon Minneboo, Sangeeta Lachman, Marjolein Snaterse, Harald T Jørstad, Gerben Ter Riet, S Matthijs Boekholdt, Wilma J M Scholte Op Reimer, Ron J G Peters
BACKGROUND: Among patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), improvement of lifestyle-related risk factors (LRFs) reduces cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, modification of LRFs is highly challenging. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the impact of combining community-based lifestyle programs with regular hospital-based secondary prevention. METHODS: The authors performed a randomized controlled trial of nurse-coordinated referral of patients and their partners to 3 widely available community-based lifestyle programs, in 15 hospitals in the Netherlands...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705269/regional-variations-in-medication-usage-for-cardiovascular-diseases-at-the-community-level-in-china-pure-china-study
#11
Jin Gang Yang, Hong Qiu Gu, Jian Bo, Yang Wang, Wei Li
We investigated the usage of secondary prevention drugs and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) products in individuals with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) at the community level in China. Among 2,407 participants with self-reported coronary heart disease (CHD) and 872 with stroke, nearly 80% of individuals with CHD and 73% of individuals with stroke were not taking any proven secondary prevention drug. However, 32.9% of them took TCM products. Patients with CVDs in rural areas used less secondary prevention treatment, but more TCM products than their counterparts in the urban regions...
June 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705053/cardiac-amyloidosis-pathogenesis-clinical-context-diagnosis-and-management-options
#12
Hassan Alkhawam, Darshan Patel, James Nguyen, Saumya Mariam Easaw, Mohammed Al-Sadawi, Umer Syed, Feras Zaiem, Maher Homsi, Timothy J Vittorio
Amyloidosis covers a group of disorders that can manifest in virtually any organ system in the body and is thought to be secondary to misfolding of extracellular proteins with subsequent deposition in tissues. The precursor protein that is produced in excess defines the specific amyloid type. This requires histopathological confirmation using Congo-red dye with its characteristic demonstration of green birefringence under cross-polarized light. There are three main types of amyloidosis associated with cardiac involvement: light-chain (AL), familial or senile (ATTR), and secondary (AA) amyloidosis...
July 14, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704405/community-health-workers-for-non-communicable-diseases-prevention-and-control-in-developing-countries-evidence-and-implications
#13
Gursimer Jeet, J S Thakur, Shankar Prinja, Meenu Singh
BACKGROUND: National programs for non-communicable diseases (NCD) prevention and control in different low middle income countries have a strong community component. A community health worker (CHW) delivers NCD preventive services using informational as well as behavioural approaches. Community education and interpersonal communication on lifestyle modifications is imparted with focus on primordial prevention of NCDs and screening is conducted as part of early diagnosis and management...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703931/rationale-and-design-of-a-randomized-trial-of-apixaban-vs-warfarin-to-evaluate-atherosclerotic-calcification-and-vulnerable-plaque-progression
#14
Kazuhiro Osawa, Rine Nakanishi, Theingi Tiffany Win, Dong Li, Sina Rahmani, Negin Nezarat, Nasim Sheidaee, Matthew J Budoff
Vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) are known to increase vascular calcification, suggesting increased cardiovascular disease events. Apixaban is an oral direct factor Xa inhibitor superior to warfarin at preventing stroke or systemic embolism and may stabilize coronary atherosclerosis. The potential benefits of avoiding VKA therapy and the favorable effects of factor Xa inhibitors could contribute to cardiovascular disease event reduction. We hypothesized that apixaban inhibits vascular calcification and coronary atherosclerosis progression compared with warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF)...
July 13, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700529/rheumatologists-modestly-more-likely-to-counsel-smokers-in-visits-without-rheumatoid-arthritis-control-an-observational-study
#15
Andrew P Vreede, Heather M Johnson, Megan Piper, Daniel J Panyard, Joanna C Wong, Christie M Bartels
BACKGROUND: Among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), smoking increases risk of severe RA and pulmonary and cardiovascular disease. Despite this, little is known about smoking cessation counseling by rheumatologists. OBJECTIVES: We examined predictors of tobacco counseling in RA patients who smoke including the effect of perceived RA control. We hypothesized that patients with controlled RA would receive more counseling according to the competing demands model, which explains that preventive care gaps occur as a result of competing provider, patient, and clinic factors...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700275/guideline-based-statin-eligibility-cancer-events-and-noncardiovascular-mortality-in-the-framingham-heart-study
#16
Amit Pursnani, Joseph M Massaro, Ralph B D'Agostino, Christopher J O'Donnell, Udo Hoffmann
Purpose Cancer and cardiovascular disease share risk factors, and there is some evidence that statins reduce cancer mortality. We sought to determine the accuracy of the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association statin eligibility criteria to identify individuals at a higher risk of developing cancer or of dying as a result of cancer or other noncardiovascular causes. Methods We included 2,196 participants (50.5 ± 8.1 years of age; 55% female) who were statin naïve and free of cancer at baseline from the offspring and third-generation cohorts of the community-based longitudinal Framingham Heart Study...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698515/post-disaster-food-and-nutrition-from-urban-agriculture-a-self-sufficiency-analysis-of-nerima-ward-tokyo
#17
Giles Bruno Sioen, Makiko Sekiyama, Toru Terada, Makoto Yokohari
Background: Post-earthquake studies from around the world have reported that survivors relying on emergency food for prolonged periods of time experienced several dietary related health problems. The present study aimed to quantify the potential nutrient production of urban agricultural vegetables and the resulting nutritional self-sufficiency throughout the year for mitigating post-disaster situations. Methods: We estimated the vegetable production of urban agriculture throughout the year. Two methods were developed to capture the production from professional and hobby farms: Method I utilized secondary governmental data on agricultural production from professional farms, and Method II was based on a supplementary spatial analysis to estimate the production from hobby farms...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695552/glycaemic-blood-pressure-and-lipid-goal-attainment-and-chronic-kidney-disease-stage-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-treated-in-primary-care-practices
#18
Antonella Corcillo, Edward Pivin, Fabrice Lalubin, Nelly Pitteloud, Michel Burnier, Anne Zanchi
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease and diabetes is rising in Europe. These patients are at high cardiovascular and renal risk and need a challenging multifactorial therapeutic approach. METHOD: The goal of this cross-sectional study was to examine the treatment and attainments of goals related to cardiovascular risk factors within chronic kidney disease stages in type 2 diabetic patients followed up by primary care physicians in Switzerland. Each participating physician entered into a web database the anonymised data of up to 15 consecutive diabetic patients attending her/his office between December 2013 and June 2014...
July 11, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694393/turkish-assessment-of-surf-survey-of-risk-factor-management-study-control-rates-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-derived-from-databases-of-15-different-levels-of-health-centers-in-turkey
#19
Lale Tokgözoğlu, Aytekin Oğuz, Mustafa Kemal Balcı, Ahmet Temizhan, Esma Güldal Altunoğlu, Osman Bektaş, Güler Aslan, Özgün Iyigün, Ahmet Kara, Handan Tanrıverdi Pınar, Saffet Yavuz, Murat Tekin, Saffet Ercan, Selda Çelik, Özlem Sezgin Meriçliler, İrem Bozkurt Çakır
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the adherence to recommendations for secondary prevention and the achievement of treatment targets for the control of risk factors in patients with established coronary heart disease (CHD) who were followed-up at various healthcare facilities in Turkey. METHODS: According to the protocol of the international Survey of Risk Factor Management study, questionnaire forms were completed and demographic, anthropometric, and laboratory data of CHD patients who were followed-up at a total of 15 selected primary, secondary, and tertiary healthcare centers were recorded...
July 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693458/a-population-based-national-estimate-of-the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-hypertension-in-rwanda-implications-for-prevention-and-control
#20
Marie-Rosette Nahimana, Alypio Nyandwi, Marie Aimee Muhimpundu, Olushayo Olu, Jeanine Umutesi Condo, Andre Rusanganwa, Jean Baptiste Koama, Candide Tran Ngoc, Jean Bosco Gasherebuka, Martin O Ota, Joseph C Okeibunor
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a leading cause of cardiovascular diseases and a growing public health problem in many developed and developing countries. However, population-based data to inform policy development are scarce in Rwanda. This nationally representative study aimed to determine population-based estimates of the prevalence and risk factors associated with hypertension in Rwanda. METHODS: We conducted secondary epidemiological analysis of data collected from a cross-sectional population-based study to assess the risk factors for NCDs using the WHO STEPwise approach to Surveillance of non-communicable diseases (STEPS)...
July 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
keyword
keyword
75867
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"