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Elizabeth L. Fox

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753700/spectrum-and-prevalence-of-genetic-predisposition-in-medulloblastoma-a-retrospective-genetic-study-and-prospective-validation-in-a-clinical-trial-cohort
#1
Sebastian M Waszak, Paul A Northcott, Ivo Buchhalter, Giles W Robinson, Christian Sutter, Susanne Groebner, Kerstin B Grund, Laurence Brugières, David T W Jones, Kristian W Pajtler, A Sorana Morrissy, Marcel Kool, Dominik Sturm, Lukas Chavez, Aurelie Ernst, Sebastian Brabetz, Michael Hain, Thomas Zichner, Maia Segura-Wang, Joachim Weischenfeldt, Tobias Rausch, Balca R Mardin, Xin Zhou, Cristina Baciu, Christian Lawerenz, Jennifer A Chan, Pascale Varlet, Lea Guerrini-Rousseau, Daniel W Fults, Wiesława Grajkowska, Peter Hauser, Nada Jabado, Young-Shin Ra, Karel Zitterbart, Suyash S Shringarpure, Francisco M De La Vega, Carlos D Bustamante, Ho-Keung Ng, Arie Perry, Tobey J MacDonald, Pablo Hernáiz Driever, Anne E Bendel, Daniel C Bowers, Geoffrey McCowage, Murali M Chintagumpala, Richard Cohn, Timothy Hassall, Gudrun Fleischhack, Tone Eggen, Finn Wesenberg, Maria Feychting, Birgitta Lannering, Joachim Schüz, Christoffer Johansen, Tina V Andersen, Martin Röösli, Claudia E Kuehni, Michael Grotzer, Kristina Kjaerheim, Camelia M Monoranu, Tenley C Archer, Elizabeth Duke, Scott L Pomeroy, Redmond Shelagh, Stephan Frank, David Sumerauer, Wolfram Scheurlen, Marina V Ryzhova, Till Milde, Christian P Kratz, David Samuel, Jinghui Zhang, David A Solomon, Marco Marra, Roland Eils, Claus R Bartram, Katja von Hoff, Stefan Rutkowski, Vijay Ramaswamy, Richard J Gilbertson, Andrey Korshunov, Michael D Taylor, Peter Lichter, David Malkin, Amar Gajjar, Jan O Korbel, Stefan M Pfister
BACKGROUND: Medulloblastoma is associated with rare hereditary cancer predisposition syndromes; however, consensus medulloblastoma predisposition genes have not been defined and screening guidelines for genetic counselling and testing for paediatric patients are not available. We aimed to assess and define these genes to provide evidence for future screening guidelines. METHODS: In this international, multicentre study, we analysed patients with medulloblastoma from retrospective cohorts (International Cancer Genome Consortium [ICGC] PedBrain, Medulloblastoma Advanced Genomics International Consortium [MAGIC], and the CEFALO series) and from prospective cohorts from four clinical studies (SJMB03, SJMB12, SJYC07, and I-HIT-MED)...
May 9, 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485047/american-association-of-physicists-in-medicine-task-group-263-standardizing-nomenclatures-in-radiation-oncology
#2
REVIEW
Charles S Mayo, Jean M Moran, Walter Bosch, Ying Xiao, Todd McNutt, Richard Popple, Jeff Michalski, Mary Feng, Lawrence B Marks, Clifton D Fuller, Ellen Yorke, Jatinder Palta, Peter E Gabriel, Andrea Molineu, Martha M Matuszak, Elizabeth Covington, Kathryn Masi, Susan L Richardson, Timothy Ritter, Tomasz Morgas, Stella Flampouri, Lakshmi Santanam, Joseph A Moore, Thomas G Purdie, Robert C Miller, Coen Hurkmans, Judy Adams, Qing-Rong Jackie Wu, Colleen J Fox, Ramon Alfredo Siochi, Norman L Brown, Wilko Verbakel, Yves Archambault, Steven J Chmura, Andre L Dekker, Don G Eagle, Thomas J Fitzgerald, Theodore Hong, Rishabh Kapoor, Beth Lansing, Shruti Jolly, Mary E Napolitano, James Percy, Mark S Rose, Salim Siddiqui, Christof Schadt, William E Simon, William L Straube, Sara T St James, Kenneth Ulin, Sue S Yom, Torunn I Yock
A substantial barrier to the single- and multi-institutional aggregation of data to supporting clinical trials, practice quality improvement efforts, and development of big data analytics resource systems is the lack of standardized nomenclatures for expressing dosimetric data. To address this issue, the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) Task Group 263 was charged with providing nomenclature guidelines and values in radiation oncology for use in clinical trials, data-pooling initiatives, population-based studies, and routine clinical care by standardizing: (1) structure names across image processing and treatment planning system platforms; (2) nomenclature for dosimetric data (eg, dose-volume histogram [DVH]-based metrics); (3) templates for clinical trial groups and users of an initial subset of software platforms to facilitate adoption of the standards; (4) formalism for nomenclature schema, which can accommodate the addition of other structures defined in the future...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439295/transcriptional-profiling-of-synovial-macrophages-using-minimally-invasive-ultrasound-guided-synovial-biopsies-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
Arthur M Mandelin, Philip J Homan, Alexander M Shaffer, Carla M Cuda, Salina T Dominguez, Emily Bacalao, Mary Carns, Monique Hinchcliff, Jungwha Lee, Kathleen Aren, Anjali Thakrar, Anna B Montgomery, S Louis Bridges, Joan M Bathon, John P Atkinson, David A Fox, Eric L Matteson, Christopher D Buckley, Costantino Pitzalis, Deborah Parks, Laura B Hughes, Laura Geraldino-Pardilla, Robert Ike, Kristine Phillips, Kerry Wright, Andrew Filer, Stephen Kelly, Eric M Ruderman, Vince Morgan, Hiam Abdala-Valencia, Alexander V Misharin, G Scott Budinger, Elizabeth T Bartom, Richard M Pope, Harris Perlman, Deborah R Winter
OBJECTIVE: Currently, there are no reliable biomarkers for predicting therapeutic response in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The synovium may unlock critical information for determining efficacy, since a reduction in the numbers of sublining synovial macrophages remains the most reproducible biomarker. Thus, a clinically actionable method for the collection of synovial tissue, which can be analyzed using high-throughput strategies, must become a reality. This study was undertaken to assess the feasibility of utilizing synovial biopsies as a precision medicine-based approach for patients with RA...
February 13, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389750/18f-florbetapir-positron-emission-tomography-determined-cerebral-%C3%AE-amyloid-deposition-and-neurocognitive-performance-after-cardiac-surgery
#4
Rebecca Y Klinger, Olga G James, Salvador Borges-Neto, Tiffany Bisanar, Yi-Ju Li, Wenjing Qi, Miles Berger, Niccolò Terrando, Mark F Newman, P Murali Doraiswamy, Joseph P Mathew
BACKGROUND: Amyloid deposition is a potential contributor to postoperative cognitive dysfunction. The authors hypothesized that 6-week global cortical amyloid burden, determined by F-florbetapir positron emission tomography, would be greater in those patients manifesting cognitive dysfunction at 6 weeks postoperatively. METHODS: Amyloid deposition was evaluated in cardiac surgical patients at 6 weeks (n = 40) and 1 yr (n = 12); neurocognitive function was assessed at baseline (n = 40), 6 weeks (n = 37), 1 yr (n = 13), and 3 yr (n = 9)...
April 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302090/an-approach-for-some-in-advanced-pharmacy-informatics-education
#5
Allen Flynn, Brent I Fox, Kevin A Clauson, Terry L Seaton, Elizabeth Breeden
Computerization is transforming health care while the quantity and complexity of biomedical knowledge rapidly grows. Today, all clinicians use health information technology (HIT), but only some pharmacists need to be cross-trained in "all" that advanced informatics entails so they can devise new and better information systems to support the pharmacy practice of the future. We propose a dual approach to informatics education in pharmacy: incorporate fundamental informatics education into pharmacy curricula for all students; and train some students interested in becoming informatics experts to design, develop, implement, and evaluate novel HIT for pharmacy...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226862/the-rationale-and-design-of-the-reducing-pathology-in-alzheimer-s-disease-through-angiotensin-targeting-radar-trial
#6
Patrick G Kehoe, Peter S Blair, Beth Howden, David L Thomas, Ian B Malone, Jeremy Horwood, Clare Clement, Lucy E Selman, Hannah Baber, Athene Lane, Elizabeth Coulthard, Anthony Peter Passmore, Nick C Fox, Ian B Wilkinson, Yoav Ben-Shlomo
BACKGROUND: Anti-hypertensives that modify the renin angiotensin system may reduce Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology and reduce the rate of disease progression. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a phase II, two arm, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of losartan to test the efficacy of Reducing pathology in Alzheimer's Disease through Angiotensin TaRgeting (RADAR). METHODS: Men and women aged at least 55 years with mild-to-moderate AD will be randomly allocated 100 mg encapsulated generic losartan or placebo once daily for 12 months after successful completion of a 2-week open-label phase and 2-week placebo washout to establish drug tolerability...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976068/who-knows-what-an-exploration-of-the-infant-feeding-message-environment-and-intracultural-differences-in-port-au-prince-haiti
#7
Elizabeth L Fox, Gretel H Pelto, Kathleen M Rasmussen, Marie Guerda Debrosse, Vanessa A Rouzier, Jean William Pape, David L Pelletier
Worldwide, mothers with young children receive many messages about infant feeding. Some messages are generated by health providers and others by the households, communities, and social contexts in which women live. We aimed to determine the scope of infant feeding messages in urban Haiti and to examine intracultural differences in salience of these messages and their alignment with international guidelines. We applied the method of free listing with 13 health workers and 15 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and 15 HIV-uninfected mothers with infants 0-6 months old at Groupe Haïtien d'Etude du Sarcome de Kaposi et des Infections Opportunistes in Port-au-Prince, Haiti...
April 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855208/bone-induced-expression-of-integrin-%C3%AE-3-enables-targeted-nanotherapy-of-breast-cancer-metastases
#8
Michael H Ross, Alison K Esser, Gregory C Fox, Anne H Schmieder, Xiaoxia Yang, Grace Hu, Dipanjan Pan, Xinming Su, Yalin Xu, Deborah V Novack, Thomas Walsh, Graham A Colditz, Gabriel H Lukaszewicz, Elizabeth Cordell, Joshua Novack, James A J Fitzpatrick, David L Waning, Khalid S Mohammad, Theresa A Guise, Gregory M Lanza, Katherine N Weilbaecher
Bone metastases occur in approximately 70% of metastatic breast cancer patients, often leading to skeletal injuries. Current treatments are mainly palliative and underscore the unmet clinical need for improved therapies. In this study, we provide preclinical evidence for an antimetastatic therapy based on targeting integrin β3 (β3), which is selectively induced on breast cancer cells in bone by the local bone microenvironment. In a preclinical model of breast cancer, β3 was strongly expressed on bone metastatic cancer cells, but not primary mammary tumors or visceral metastases...
November 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810432/reliability-and-validity-of-the-perceived-stress-scale-10-in-hispanic-americans-with-english-or-spanish-language-preference
#9
Sharon H Baik, Rina S Fox, Sarah D Mills, Scott C Roesch, Georgia Robins Sadler, Elizabeth A Klonoff, Vanessa L Malcarne
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Perceived Stress Scale-10 among 436 community-dwelling Hispanic Americans with English or Spanish language preference. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis examined the factorial invariance of the Perceived Stress Scale-10 across language groups. Results supported a two-factor model (negative, positive) with equivalent response patterns and item intercepts but different factor covariances across languages. Internal consistency reliability of the Perceived Stress Scale-10 total and subscale scores was good in both language groups...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774901/the-biology-of-color
#10
REVIEW
Innes C Cuthill, William L Allen, Kevin Arbuckle, Barbara Caspers, George Chaplin, Mark E Hauber, Geoffrey E Hill, Nina G Jablonski, Chris D Jiggins, Almut Kelber, Johanna Mappes, Justin Marshall, Richard Merrill, Daniel Osorio, Richard Prum, Nicholas W Roberts, Alexandre Roulin, Hannah M Rowland, Thomas N Sherratt, John Skelhorn, Michael P Speed, Martin Stevens, Mary Caswell Stoddard, Devi Stuart-Fox, Laszlo Talas, Elizabeth Tibbetts, Tim Caro
Coloration mediates the relationship between an organism and its environment in important ways, including social signaling, antipredator defenses, parasitic exploitation, thermoregulation, and protection from ultraviolet light, microbes, and abrasion. Methodological breakthroughs are accelerating knowledge of the processes underlying both the production of animal coloration and its perception, experiments are advancing understanding of mechanism and function, and measurements of color collected noninvasively and at a global scale are opening windows to evolutionary dynamics more generally...
August 4, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751444/pediatric-phase-i-trial-and-pharmacokinetic-study-of-trebananib-in-relapsed-solid-tumors-including-primary-tumors-of-the-central-nervous-system-advl1115-a-children-s-oncology-group-phase-i-consortium-report
#11
Sarah E S Leary, Julie R Park, Joel M Reid, Andrew T Ralya, Sylvain Baruchel, Bing Wu, Timothy P L Roberts, Xiaowei Liu, Charles G Minard, Elizabeth Fox, Brenda Weigel, Susan Blaney
Purpose: Trebananib is a first-in-class antiangiogenic peptibody (peptide-Fc fusion protein) that inhibits Angiopoietin 1 and 2. A pediatric phase 1 trial was performed to define trebananib dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D), and pharmacokinetics (PK).Experimental Design: Trebananib was administered by weekly infusion. Three dose levels (10, 15, or 30 mg/kg/dose) were evaluated using a rolling-six design. Part 2 evaluated a cohort of subjects with primary central nervous system (CNS) tumors...
October 15, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735855/dementia-prevention-intervention-and-care
#12
REVIEW
Gill Livingston, Andrew Sommerlad, Vasiliki Orgeta, Sergi G Costafreda, Jonathan Huntley, David Ames, Clive Ballard, Sube Banerjee, Alistair Burns, Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Claudia Cooper, Nick Fox, Laura N Gitlin, Robert Howard, Helen C Kales, Eric B Larson, Karen Ritchie, Kenneth Rockwood, Elizabeth L Sampson, Quincy Samus, Lon S Schneider, Geir Selbæk, Linda Teri, Naaheed Mukadam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714976/rare-coding-variants-in-plcg2-abi3-and-trem2-implicate-microglial-mediated-innate-immunity-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Rebecca Sims, Sven J van der Lee, Adam C Naj, Céline Bellenguez, Nandini Badarinarayan, Johanna Jakobsdottir, Brian W Kunkle, Anne Boland, Rachel Raybould, Joshua C Bis, Eden R Martin, Benjamin Grenier-Boley, Stefanie Heilmann-Heimbach, Vincent Chouraki, Amanda B Kuzma, Kristel Sleegers, Maria Vronskaya, Agustin Ruiz, Robert R Graham, Robert Olaso, Per Hoffmann, Megan L Grove, Badri N Vardarajan, Mikko Hiltunen, Markus M Nöthen, Charles C White, Kara L Hamilton-Nelson, Jacques Epelbaum, Wolfgang Maier, Seung-Hoan Choi, Gary W Beecham, Cécile Dulary, Stefan Herms, Albert V Smith, Cory C Funk, Céline Derbois, Andreas J Forstner, Shahzad Ahmad, Hongdong Li, Delphine Bacq, Denise Harold, Claudia L Satizabal, Otto Valladares, Alessio Squassina, Rhodri Thomas, Jennifer A Brody, Liming Qu, Pascual Sánchez-Juan, Taniesha Morgan, Frank J Wolters, Yi Zhao, Florentino Sanchez Garcia, Nicola Denning, Myriam Fornage, John Malamon, Maria Candida Deniz Naranjo, Elisa Majounie, Thomas H Mosley, Beth Dombroski, David Wallon, Michelle K Lupton, Josée Dupuis, Patrice Whitehead, Laura Fratiglioni, Christopher Medway, Xueqiu Jian, Shubhabrata Mukherjee, Lina Keller, Kristelle Brown, Honghuang Lin, Laura B Cantwell, Francesco Panza, Bernadette McGuinness, Sonia Moreno-Grau, Jeremy D Burgess, Vincenzo Solfrizzi, Petra Proitsi, Hieab H Adams, Mariet Allen, Davide Seripa, Pau Pastor, L Adrienne Cupples, Nathan D Price, Didier Hannequin, Ana Frank-García, Daniel Levy, Paramita Chakrabarty, Paolo Caffarra, Ina Giegling, Alexa S Beiser, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Harald Hampel, Melissa E Garcia, Xue Wang, Lars Lannfelt, Patrizia Mecocci, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Paul K Crane, Florence Pasquier, Virginia Boccardi, Isabel Henández, Robert C Barber, Martin Scherer, Lluis Tarraga, Perrie M Adams, Markus Leber, Yuning Chen, Marilyn S Albert, Steffi Riedel-Heller, Valur Emilsson, Duane Beekly, Anne Braae, Reinhold Schmidt, Deborah Blacker, Carlo Masullo, Helena Schmidt, Rachelle S Doody, Gianfranco Spalletta, W T Longstreth, Thomas J Fairchild, Paola Bossù, Oscar L Lopez, Matthew P Frosch, Eleonora Sacchinelli, Bernardino Ghetti, Qiong Yang, Ryan M Huebinger, Frank Jessen, Shuo Li, M Ilyas Kamboh, John Morris, Oscar Sotolongo-Grau, Mindy J Katz, Chris Corcoran, Melanie Dunstan, Amy Braddel, Charlene Thomas, Alun Meggy, Rachel Marshall, Amy Gerrish, Jade Chapman, Miquel Aguilar, Sarah Taylor, Matt Hill, Mònica Díez Fairén, Angela Hodges, Bruno Vellas, Hilkka Soininen, Iwona Kloszewska, Makrina Daniilidou, James Uphill, Yogen Patel, Joseph T Hughes, Jenny Lord, James Turton, Annette M Hartmann, Roberta Cecchetti, Chiara Fenoglio, Maria Serpente, Marina Arcaro, Carlo Caltagirone, Maria Donata Orfei, Antonio Ciaramella, Sabrina Pichler, Manuel Mayhaus, Wei Gu, Alberto Lleó, Juan Fortea, Rafael Blesa, Imelda S Barber, Keeley Brookes, Chiara Cupidi, Raffaele Giovanni Maletta, David Carrell, Sandro Sorbi, Susanne Moebus, Maria Urbano, Alberto Pilotto, Johannes Kornhuber, Paolo Bosco, Stephen Todd, David Craig, Janet Johnston, Michael Gill, Brian Lawlor, Aoibhinn Lynch, Nick C Fox, John Hardy, Roger L Albin, Liana G Apostolova, Steven E Arnold, Sanjay Asthana, Craig S Atwood, Clinton T Baldwin, Lisa L Barnes, Sandra Barral, Thomas G Beach, James T Becker, Eileen H Bigio, Thomas D Bird, Bradley F Boeve, James D Bowen, Adam Boxer, James R Burke, Jeffrey M Burns, Joseph D Buxbaum, Nigel J Cairns, Chuanhai Cao, Chris S Carlson, Cynthia M Carlsson, Regina M Carney, Minerva M Carrasquillo, Steven L Carroll, Carolina Ceballos Diaz, Helena C Chui, David G Clark, David H Cribbs, Elizabeth A Crocco, Charles DeCarli, Malcolm Dick, Ranjan Duara, Denis A Evans, Kelley M Faber, Kenneth B Fallon, David W Fardo, Martin R Farlow, Steven Ferris, Tatiana M Foroud, Douglas R Galasko, Marla Gearing, Daniel H Geschwind, John R Gilbert, Neill R Graff-Radford, Robert C Green, John H Growdon, Ronald L Hamilton, Lindy E Harrell, Lawrence S Honig, Matthew J Huentelman, Christine M Hulette, Bradley T Hyman, Gail P Jarvik, Erin Abner, Lee-Way Jin, Gyungah Jun, Anna Karydas, Jeffrey A Kaye, Ronald Kim, Neil W Kowall, Joel H Kramer, Frank M LaFerla, James J Lah, James B Leverenz, Allan I Levey, Ge Li, Andrew P Lieberman, Kathryn L Lunetta, Constantine G Lyketsos, Daniel C Marson, Frank Martiniuk, Deborah C Mash, Eliezer Masliah, Wayne C McCormick, Susan M McCurry, Andrew N McDavid, Ann C McKee, Marsel Mesulam, Bruce L Miller, Carol A Miller, Joshua W Miller, John C Morris, Jill R Murrell, Amanda J Myers, Sid O'Bryant, John M Olichney, Vernon S Pankratz, Joseph E Parisi, Henry L Paulson, William Perry, Elaine Peskind, Aimee Pierce, Wayne W Poon, Huntington Potter, Joseph F Quinn, Ashok Raj, Murray Raskind, Barry Reisberg, Christiane Reitz, John M Ringman, Erik D Roberson, Ekaterina Rogaeva, Howard J Rosen, Roger N Rosenberg, Mark A Sager, Andrew J Saykin, Julie A Schneider, Lon S Schneider, William W Seeley, Amanda G Smith, Joshua A Sonnen, Salvatore Spina, Robert A Stern, Russell H Swerdlow, Rudolph E Tanzi, Tricia A Thornton-Wells, John Q Trojanowski, Juan C Troncoso, Vivianna M Van Deerlin, Linda J Van Eldik, Harry V Vinters, Jean Paul Vonsattel, Sandra Weintraub, Kathleen A Welsh-Bohmer, Kirk C Wilhelmsen, Jennifer Williamson, Thomas S Wingo, Randall L Woltjer, Clinton B Wright, Chang-En Yu, Lei Yu, Fabienne Garzia, Feroze Golamaully, Gislain Septier, Sebastien Engelborghs, Rik Vandenberghe, Peter P De Deyn, Carmen Muñoz Fernadez, Yoland Aladro Benito, Hakan Thonberg, Charlotte Forsell, Lena Lilius, Anne Kinhult-Stählbom, Lena Kilander, RoseMarie Brundin, Letizia Concari, Seppo Helisalmi, Anne Maria Koivisto, Annakaisa Haapasalo, Vincent Dermecourt, Nathalie Fievet, Olivier Hanon, Carole Dufouil, Alexis Brice, Karen Ritchie, Bruno Dubois, Jayanadra J Himali, C Dirk Keene, JoAnn Tschanz, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Walter A Kukull, Maria Norton, Thor Aspelund, Eric B Larson, Ron Munger, Jerome I Rotter, Richard B Lipton, María J Bullido, Albert Hofman, Thomas J Montine, Eliecer Coto, Eric Boerwinkle, Ronald C Petersen, Victoria Alvarez, Fernando Rivadeneira, Eric M Reiman, Maura Gallo, Christopher J O'Donnell, Joan S Reisch, Amalia Cecilia Bruni, Donald R Royall, Martin Dichgans, Mary Sano, Daniela Galimberti, Peter St George-Hyslop, Elio Scarpini, Debby W Tsuang, Michelangelo Mancuso, Ubaldo Bonuccelli, Ashley R Winslow, Antonio Daniele, Chuang-Kuo Wu, Oliver Peters, Benedetta Nacmias, Matthias Riemenschneider, Reinhard Heun, Carol Brayne, David C Rubinsztein, Jose Bras, Rita Guerreiro, Ammar Al-Chalabi, Christopher E Shaw, John Collinge, David Mann, Magda Tsolaki, Jordi Clarimón, Rebecca Sussams, Simon Lovestone, Michael C O'Donovan, Michael J Owen, Timothy W Behrens, Simon Mead, Alison M Goate, Andre G Uitterlinden, Clive Holmes, Carlos Cruchaga, Martin Ingelsson, David A Bennett, John Powell, Todd E Golde, Caroline Graff, Philip L De Jager, Kevin Morgan, Nilufer Ertekin-Taner, Onofre Combarros, Bruce M Psaty, Peter Passmore, Steven G Younkin, Claudine Berr, Vilmundur Gudnason, Dan Rujescu, Dennis W Dickson, Jean-François Dartigues, Anita L DeStefano, Sara Ortega-Cubero, Hakon Hakonarson, Dominique Campion, Merce Boada, John Keoni Kauwe, Lindsay A Farrer, Christine Van Broeckhoven, M Arfan Ikram, Lesley Jones, Jonathan L Haines, Christophe Tzourio, Lenore J Launer, Valentina Escott-Price, Richard Mayeux, Jean-François Deleuze, Najaf Amin, Peter A Holmans, Margaret A Pericak-Vance, Philippe Amouyel, Cornelia M van Duijn, Alfredo Ramirez, Li-San Wang, Jean-Charles Lambert, Sudha Seshadri, Julie Williams, Gerard D Schellenberg
We identified rare coding variants associated with Alzheimer's disease in a three-stage case-control study of 85,133 subjects. In stage 1, we genotyped 34,174 samples using a whole-exome microarray. In stage 2, we tested associated variants (P < 1 × 10-4 ) in 35,962 independent samples using de novo genotyping and imputed genotypes. In stage 3, we used an additional 14,997 samples to test the most significant stage 2 associations (P < 5 × 10-8 ) using imputed genotypes. We observed three new genome-wide significant nonsynonymous variants associated with Alzheimer's disease: a protective variant in PLCG2 (rs72824905: p...
September 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596614/the-arctic-in-the-twenty-first-century-changing-biogeochemical-linkages-across-a-paraglacial-landscape-of-greenland
#14
N John Anderson, Jasmine E Saros, Joanna E Bullard, Sean M P Cahoon, Suzanne McGowan, Elizabeth A Bagshaw, Christopher D Barry, Richard Bindler, Benjamin T Burpee, Jonathan L Carrivick, Rachel A Fowler, Anthony D Fox, Sherilyn C Fritz, Madeleine E Giles, Ladislav Hamerlik, Thomas Ingeman-Nielsen, Antonia C Law, Sebastian H Mernild, Robert M Northington, Christopher L Osburn, Sergi Pla-Rabès, Eric Post, Jon Telling, David A Stroud, Erika J Whiteford, Marian L Yallop, Jacob C Yde
The Kangerlussuaq area of southwest Greenland encompasses diverse ecological, geomorphic, and climate gradients that function over a range of spatial and temporal scales. Ecosystems range from the microbial communities on the ice sheet and moisture-stressed terrestrial vegetation (and their associated herbivores) to freshwater and oligosaline lakes. These ecosystems are linked by a dynamic glacio-fluvial-aeolian geomorphic system that transports water, geological material, organic carbon and nutrients from the glacier surface to adjacent terrestrial and aquatic systems...
February 1, 2017: Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583591/difficult-removal-of-subdermal-contraceptive-implants-a-multidisciplinary-approach-involving-a-peripheral-nerve-expert
#15
Elizabeth B Odom, David L Eisenberg, Ida K Fox
OBJECTIVES: We aim to describe our experiences and identify patients who may benefit from referral to a peripheral nerve surgeon for removal of contraceptive subdermal implants in which neurovascular injury may occur, and describe a treatment pathway for optimal care. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed the charts of 22 patients who were referred to the Division of Family Planning for difficult removal of etonogestrel contraceptive implants between January 1, 2014, and April, 1 2016...
August 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506991/sonic-hedgehog-regulation-of-foxf2-promotes-cranial-neural-crest-mesenchyme-proliferation-and-is-disrupted-in-cleft-lip-morphogenesis
#16
Joshua L Everson, Dustin M Fink, Joon Won Yoon, Elizabeth J Leslie, Henry W Kietzman, Lydia J Ansen-Wilson, Hannah M Chung, David O Walterhouse, Mary L Marazita, Robert J Lipinski
Cleft lip is one of the most common human birth defects, yet our understanding of the mechanisms that regulate lip morphogenesis is limited. Here, we show in mice that sonic hedgehog (Shh)-induced proliferation of cranial neural crest cell (cNCC) mesenchyme is required for upper lip closure. Gene expression profiling revealed a subset of Forkhead box (Fox) genes that are regulated by Shh signaling during lip morphogenesis. During cleft pathogenesis, reduced proliferation in the medial nasal process mesenchyme paralleled the domain of reduced Foxf2 and Gli1 expression...
June 1, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437675/whole-blood-sequencing-reveals-circulating-microrna-associations-with-high-risk-traits-in-non-st-segment-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Alice Wang, Lydia Coulter Kwee, Elizabeth Grass, Megan L Neely, Simon G Gregory, Keith A A Fox, Paul W Armstrong, Harvey D White, E Magnus Ohman, Matthew T Roe, Svati H Shah, Mark Y Chan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although circulating microRNA (miRNAs) have emerged as biomarkers predicting mortality in acute coronary syndrome (ACS), more data are needed to understand these mechanisms. Mapping miRNAs to high-risk traits may identify miRNAs involved in pathways conferring risk for poor outcome in ACS. We aim to investigate the relationship between circulating miRNAs and high-risk traits in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS). METHODS: Whole-genome miRNA sequencing was performed on RNA extracted from whole blood of 199 patients with NSTE-ACS...
June 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420323/study-protocol-insight-46-a-neuroscience-sub-study-of-the-mrc-national-survey-of-health-and-development
#18
Christopher A Lane, Thomas D Parker, Dave M Cash, Kirsty Macpherson, Elizabeth Donnachie, Heidi Murray-Smith, Anna Barnes, Suzie Barker, Daniel G Beasley, Jose Bras, David Brown, Ninon Burgos, Michelle Byford, M Jorge Cardoso, Ana Carvalho, Jessica Collins, Enrico De Vita, John C Dickson, Norah Epie, Miklos Espak, Susie M D Henley, Chandrashekar Hoskote, Michael Hutel, Jana Klimova, Ian B Malone, Pawel Markiewicz, Andrew Melbourne, Marc Modat, Anette Schrag, Sachit Shah, Nikhil Sharma, Carole H Sudre, David L Thomas, Andrew Wong, Hui Zhang, John Hardy, Henrik Zetterberg, Sebastien Ourselin, Sebastian J Crutch, Diana Kuh, Marcus Richards, Nick C Fox, Jonathan M Schott
BACKGROUND: Increasing age is the biggest risk factor for dementia, of which Alzheimer's disease is the commonest cause. The pathological changes underpinning Alzheimer's disease are thought to develop at least a decade prior to the onset of symptoms. Molecular positron emission tomography and multi-modal magnetic resonance imaging allow key pathological processes underpinning cognitive impairment - including β-amyloid depostion, vascular disease, network breakdown and atrophy - to be assessed repeatedly and non-invasively...
April 18, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408440/global-cardiovascular-and-renal-outcomes-of-reduced-gfr
#19
Bernadette Thomas, Kunihiro Matsushita, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Ziyad Al-Aly, Johan Ärnlöv, Kei Asayama, Robert Atkins, Alaa Badawi, Shoshana H Ballew, Amitava Banerjee, Lars Barregård, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Sanjay Basu, Aminu K Bello, Isabela Bensenor, Jaclyn Bergstrom, Boris Bikbov, Christopher Blosser, Hermann Brenner, Juan-Jesus Carrero, Steve Chadban, Massimo Cirillo, Monica Cortinovis, Karen Courville, Lalit Dandona, Rakhi Dandona, Kara Estep, João Fernandes, Florian Fischer, Caroline Fox, Ron T Gansevoort, Philimon N Gona, Orlando M Gutierrez, Samer Hamidi, Sarah Wulf Hanson, Jonathan Himmelfarb, Simerjot K Jassal, Sun Ha Jee, Vivekanand Jha, Aida Jimenez-Corona, Jost B Jonas, Andre Pascal Kengne, Yousef Khader, Young-Ho Khang, Yun Jin Kim, Barbara Klein, Ronald Klein, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Dhaval Kolte, Kristine Lee, Andrew S Levey, Yongmei Li, Paulo Lotufo, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Walter Mendoza, Hirohito Metoki, Yejin Mok, Isao Muraki, Paul M Muntner, Hiroyuki Noda, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Alberto Ortiz, Norberto Perico, Kevan Polkinghorne, Rajaa Al-Radaddi, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Gregory Roth, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Michihiro Satoh, Kai-Uwe Saum, Monika Sawhney, Ben Schöttker, Anoop Shankar, Michael Shlipak, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Hideaki Toyoshima, Kingsley Ukwaja, Mitsumasa Umesawa, Stein Emil Vollset, David G Warnock, Andrea Werdecker, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Yuichiro Yano, Naohiro Yonemoto, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Mohsen Naghavi, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Christopher J L Murray, Josef Coresh, Theo Vos
The burden of premature death and health loss from ESRD is well described. Less is known regarding the burden of cardiovascular disease attributable to reduced GFR. We estimated the prevalence of reduced GFR categories 3, 4, and 5 (not on RRT) for 188 countries at six time points from 1990 to 2013. Relative risks of cardiovascular outcomes by three categories of reduced GFR were calculated by pooled random effects meta-analysis. Results are presented as deaths for outcomes of cardiovascular disease and ESRD and as disability-adjusted life years for outcomes of cardiovascular disease, GFR categories 3, 4, and 5, and ESRD...
July 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387705/an-overview-of-literature-topics-related-to-current-concepts-methods-tools-and-applications-for-cumulative-risk-assessment-2007-2016
#20
REVIEW
Mary A Fox, L Elizabeth Brewer, Lawrence Martin
Cumulative risk assessments (CRAs) address combined risks from exposures to multiple chemical and nonchemical stressors and may focus on vulnerable communities or populations. Significant contributions have been made to the development of concepts, methods, and applications for CRA over the past decade. Work in both human health and ecological cumulative risk has advanced in two different contexts. The first context is the effects of chemical mixtures that share common modes of action, or that cause common adverse outcomes...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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