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Elizabeth L. Fox

Tony W Wilson, Amy L Proskovec, Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham, Jennifer O'Neill, Kevin R Robertson, Howard S Fox, Susan Swindells
Impairments in working memory are among the most prevalent features of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND), yet their origins are unknown, with some studies arguing that encoding operations are disturbed and others supporting deficits in memory maintenance. The current investigation directly addresses this issue by using a dynamic mapping approach to identify when and where processing in working memory circuits degrades. HIV-infected older adults and a demographically-matched group of uninfected controls performed a verbal working memory task during magnetoencephalography (MEG)...
February 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
Cassianne Robinson-Cohen, Pamela L Lutsey, Marcus E Kleber, Carrie M Nielson, Braxton D Mitchell, Joshua C Bis, Karen M Eny, Laura Portas, Joel Eriksson, Mattias Lorentzon, Daniel L Koller, Yuri Milaneschi, Alexander Teumer, Stefan Pilz, Maria Nethander, Elizabeth Selvin, Weihong Tang, Lu-Chen Weng, Hoi Suen Wong, Dongbing Lai, Munro Peacock, Anke Hannemann, Uwe Völker, Georg Homuth, Matthias Nauk, Federico Murgia, Jack W Pattee, Eric Orwoll, Joseph M Zmuda, Jose Antonio Riancho, Myles Wolf, Frances Williams, Brenda Penninx, Michael J Econs, Kathleen A Ryan, Claes Ohlsson, Andrew D Paterson, Bruce M Psaty, David S Siscovick, Jerome I Rotter, Mario Pirastu, Elizabeth Streeten, Winfried März, Caroline Fox, Josef Coresh, Henri Wallaschofski, James S Pankow, Ian H de Boer, Bryan Kestenbaum
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is a primary calcium regulatory hormone. Elevated serum PTH concentrations in primary and secondary hyperparathyroidism have been associated with bone disease, hypertension, and in some studies, cardiovascular mortality. Genetic causes of variation in circulating PTH concentrations are incompletely understood. We performed a genome-wide association study of serum PTH concentrations among 29,155 participants of European ancestry from 13 cohort studies (n=22,653 and n=6502 in discovery and replication analyses, respectively)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Cecilia W Huo, Mark Waltham, Christine Khoo, Stephen B Fox, Prue Hill, Shou Chen, Grace L Chew, John T Price, Chau H Nguyen, Elizabeth D Williams, Michael Henderson, Erik W Thompson, Kara L Britt
BACKGROUND: High mammographic density (HMD) not only confers a significantly increased risk of breast cancer (BC) but also is associated with BCs of more advanced stages. However, it is unclear whether BC progression and metastasis are stimulated by HMD. We investigated whether patient-derived HMD breast tissue could stimulate the progression of cells compared with patient-matched low mammographic density (LMD) tissue. METHODS: Sterile breast specimens were obtained immediately after prophylactic mastectomy from high-risk women (n = 10)...
October 25, 2016: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
Eleonora Egidi, Jennifer L Wood, Elizabeth Mathews, Edward Fox, Wuxing Liu, Ashley E Franks
Bacillus cereus LCR12 is a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium, isolated from a heavy metal-contaminated environment. The 6.01-Mb annotated genome sequence provides the genetic basis for revealing its potential application to remediate contaminated soils in association with plants.
September 29, 2016: Genome Announcements
Kevin Adlington, Nam T Nguyen, Elizabeth Eaves, Jing Yang, Chien-Yi Chang, Jianing Li, Alexandra L Gower, Amy Stimpson, Daniel G Anderson, Robert Langer, Martyn C Davies, Andrew L Hook, Paul Williams, Morgan R Alexander, Derek J Irvine
Developing medical devices that resist bacterial attachment and subsequent biofilm formation is highly desirable. In this paper, we report the optimization of the molecular structure and thus material properties of a range of (meth)acrylate copolymers which contain monomers reported to deliver bacterial resistance to surfaces. This optimization allows such monomers to be employed within novel coatings to reduce bacterial attachment to silicone urinary catheters. We show that the flexibility of copolymers can be tuned to match that of the silicone catheter substrate, by copolymerizing these polymers with a lower Tg monomer such that it passes the flexing fatigue tests as coatings upon catheters, that the homopolymers failed...
September 12, 2016: Biomacromolecules
Elizabeth A DiNapoli, Christopher Cinna, Karen L Whiteman, Lauren Fox, Cathleen J Appelt, John Kasckow
OBJECTIVE: To explore middle-aged and older veterans' current disease-management practices, mental health treatment preferences, and challenges of living with multiple chronic health conditions (i.e., multimorbidity). METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interviews and self-report measures were collected from 28 middle-aged and older (50 years of age or older) veterans with multimorbidity. RESULTS: Our sample of veterans with multimorbidity was, on average, mildly depressed and anxious with elevated stress and disability...
October 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Gheath Alatrash, Peter F Thall, Benigno C Valdez, Patricia S Fox, Jing Ning, Haven R Garber, Selma Janbey, Laura L Worth, Uday Popat, Chitra Hosing, Amin M Alousi, Partow Kebriaei, Elizabeth J Shpall, Roy B Jones, Marcos de Lima, Gabriela Rondon, Julianne Chen, Richard E Champlin, Borje S Andersson
Pretransplant conditioning regimens critically determine outcomes in the setting of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). The use of nucleoside analogs such as fludarabine (Flu) in combination with i.v. busulfan (Bu) has been shown to be highly effective as a pretransplant conditioning regimen in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Because leukemia relapse remains the leading cause of death after allo-SCT, we studied whether clofarabine (Clo), a nucleoside analog with potent antileukemia activity, can be used to complement Flu...
October 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Annie B Fox, Alison B Hamilton, Susan M Frayne, Shannon Wiltsey-Stirman, Bevanne Bean-Mayberry, Diane Carney, Brooke A L Di Leone, Jennifer M Gierisch, Karen M Goldstein, Yasmin Romodan, Anne G Sadler, Elizabeth M Yano, Ellen F Yee, Dawne Vogt
INTRODUCTION: Although providing culturally sensitive health care is vitally important, there is little consensus regarding the most effective strategy for implementing cultural competence trainings in the health care setting. Evidence-based quality improvement (EBQI), which involves adapting evidence-based practices to meet local needs, may improve uptake and effectiveness of a variety of health care innovations. Yet, to our knowledge, EBQI has not yet been applied to cultural competence training...
2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
Xinming Su, Alison K Esser, Sarah R Amend, Jingyu Xiang, Yalin Xu, Michael H Ross, Gregory C Fox, Takayuki Kobayashi, Veronica Steri, Kirsten Roomp, Francesca Fontana, Michelle A Hurchla, Brett L Knolhoff, Melissa A Meyer, Elizabeth A Morgan, Julia C Tomasson, Joshua S Novack, Wei Zou, Roberta Faccio, Deborah V Novack, Stephen D Robinson, Steven L Teitelbaum, David G DeNardo, Jochen G Schneider, Katherine N Weilbaecher
Integrin β3 is critical for tumor invasion, neoangiogenesis, and inflammation, making it a promising cancer target. However, preclinical and clinical data of integrin β3 antagonists have demonstrated no benefit or worse outcomes. We hypothesized that integrin β3 could affect tumor immunity and evaluated tumors in mice with deletion of integrin β3 in macrophage lineage cells (β3KOM). β3KOM mice had increased melanoma and breast cancer growth with increased tumor-promoting M2 macrophages and decreased CD8(+) T cells...
June 15, 2016: Cancer Research
Przemyslaw Szafranski, Tomasz Gambin, Avinash V Dharmadhikari, Kadir Caner Akdemir, Shalini N Jhangiani, Jennifer Schuette, Nihal Godiwala, Svetlana A Yatsenko, Jessica Sebastian, Suneeta Madan-Khetarpal, Urvashi Surti, Rosanna G Abellar, David A Bateman, Ashley L Wilson, Melinda H Markham, Jill Slamon, Fernando Santos-Simarro, María Palomares, Julián Nevado, Pablo Lapunzina, Brian Hon-Yin Chung, Wai-Lap Wong, Yoyo Wing Yiu Chu, Gary Tsz Kin Mok, Eitan Kerem, Joel Reiter, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Scott A Anderson, David R Kelly, Joseph Shieh, Taryn C Rosenthal, Kristin Scheible, Laurie Steiner, M Anwar Iqbal, Margaret L McKinnon, Sara Jane Hamilton, Kamilla Schlade-Bartusiak, Dawn English, Glenda Hendson, Elizabeth R Roeder, Thomas S DeNapoli, Rebecca Okashah Littlejohn, Daynna J Wolff, Carol L Wagner, Alison Yeung, David Francis, Elizabeth K Fiorino, Morris Edelman, Joyce Fox, Denise A Hayes, Sandra Janssens, Elfride De Baere, Björn Menten, Anne Loccufier, Lieve Vanwalleghem, Philippe Moerman, Yves Sznajer, Amy S Lay, Jennifer L Kussmann, Jasneek Chawla, Diane J Payton, Gael E Phillips, Erwin Brosens, Dick Tibboel, Annelies de Klein, Isabelle Maystadt, Richard Fisher, Neil Sebire, Alison Male, Maya Chopra, Jason Pinner, Girvan Malcolm, Gregory Peters, Susan Arbuckle, Melissa Lees, Zoe Mead, Oliver Quarrell, Richard Sayers, Martina Owens, Charles Shaw-Smith, Janet Lioy, Eileen McKay, Nicole de Leeuw, Ilse Feenstra, Liesbeth Spruijt, Frances Elmslie, Timothy Thiruchelvam, Carlos A Bacino, Claire Langston, James R Lupski, Partha Sen, Edwina Popek, Paweł Stankiewicz
Alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of pulmonary veins (ACDMPV) is a lethal lung developmental disorder caused by heterozygous point mutations or genomic deletion copy-number variants (CNVs) of FOXF1 or its upstream enhancer involving fetal lung-expressed long noncoding RNA genes LINC01081 and LINC01082. Using custom-designed array comparative genomic hybridization, Sanger sequencing, whole exome sequencing (WES), and bioinformatic analyses, we studied 22 new unrelated families (20 postnatal and two prenatal) with clinically diagnosed ACDMPV...
May 2016: Human Genetics
Joshua D Fox, Katherine L Baquerizo-Nole, Freya Van Driessche, Elizabeth Yim, Bernard Nusbaum, Francisco Jimenez, Robert S Kirsner
BACKGROUND: A man in his 60s with recurrent venous leg ulcers (VLUs) presented with an 18-month history of a VLU on his medial left leg measuring 59.3 cm(2). He had been treated with multi- component compression bandages without significant decrease in ulcer size. Given the ulcer's size, refractory nature, and history of recurrence, the authors sought to optimize the patient's healing. METHODS: Approximately 23% of the total wound was treated using punch grafts (PGs) harvested from different locations on the body based on hair density using the "stick and place" method...
April 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Talayeh Rezayat, Jeffrey R Stowell, John L Kendall, Elizabeth Turner, J Christian Fox, Igor Barjaktarevic
Despite multiple advantages, subclavian vein (SCV) cannulation via the traditional landmark approach has become less used in comparison to ultrasound (US) guided internal jugular catheterization due to a higher rate of mechanical complications. A growing body of evidence indicates that SCV catheterization with real-time US guidance can be accomplished safely and efficiently. While several cannulation approaches with real-time US guidance have been described, available literature suggests that the infraclavicular, longitudinal "in-plane" technique may be preferred...
March 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
David B Bartlett, Oliver Fox, Clare L McNulty, Hannah L Greenwood, Laura Murphy, Elizabeth Sapey, Martin Goodman, Nicola Crabtree, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, James P Fisher, Anton J M Wagenmakers, Janet M Lord
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional neutrophils with advanced age are a hallmark of immunosenescence. Reduced migration and bactericidal activity increase the risk of infection. It remains unclear why neutrophil dysfunction occurs with age. Physical activity and structured exercise have been suggested to improve immune function in the elderly. The aim of this study was to assess a comprehensive range of neutrophil functions and determine their association with habitual physical activity. METHOD: Physical activity levels were determined in 211 elderly (67±5years) individuals by 7-days of accelerometry wear...
August 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Cristian Pattaro, Alexander Teumer, Mathias Gorski, Audrey Y Chu, Man Li, Vladan Mijatovic, Maija Garnaas, Adrienne Tin, Rossella Sorice, Yong Li, Daniel Taliun, Matthias Olden, Meredith Foster, Qiong Yang, Ming-Huei Chen, Tune H Pers, Andrew D Johnson, Yi-An Ko, Christian Fuchsberger, Bamidele Tayo, Michael Nalls, Mary F Feitosa, Aaron Isaacs, Abbas Dehghan, Pio d'Adamo, Adebowale Adeyemo, Aida Karina Dieffenbach, Alan B Zonderman, Ilja M Nolte, Peter J van der Most, Alan F Wright, Alan R Shuldiner, Alanna C Morrison, Albert Hofman, Albert V Smith, Albert W Dreisbach, Andre Franke, Andre G Uitterlinden, Andres Metspalu, Anke Tonjes, Antonio Lupo, Antonietta Robino, Åsa Johansson, Ayse Demirkan, Barbara Kollerits, Barry I Freedman, Belen Ponte, Ben A Oostra, Bernhard Paulweber, Bernhard K Krämer, Braxton D Mitchell, Brendan M Buckley, Carmen A Peralta, Caroline Hayward, Catherine Helmer, Charles N Rotimi, Christian M Shaffer, Christian Müller, Cinzia Sala, Cornelia M van Duijn, Aude Saint-Pierre, Daniel Ackermann, Daniel Shriner, Daniela Ruggiero, Daniela Toniolo, Yingchang Lu, Daniele Cusi, Darina Czamara, David Ellinghaus, David S Siscovick, Douglas Ruderfer, Christian Gieger, Harald Grallert, Elena Rochtchina, Elizabeth J Atkinson, Elizabeth G Holliday, Eric Boerwinkle, Erika Salvi, Erwin P Bottinger, Federico Murgia, Fernando Rivadeneira, Florian Ernst, Florian Kronenberg, Frank B Hu, Gerjan J Navis, Gary C Curhan, George B Ehret, Georg Homuth, Stefan Coassin, Gian-Andri Thun, Giorgio Pistis, Giovanni Gambaro, Giovanni Malerba, Grant W Montgomery, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Gunnar Jacobs, Guo Li, H-Erich Wichmann, Harry Campbell, Helena Schmidt, Henri Wallaschofski, Henry Völzke, Hermann Brenner, Heyo K Kroemer, Holly Kramer, Honghuang Lin, I Mateo Leach, Ian Ford, Idris Guessous, Igor Rudan, Inga Prokopenko, Ingrid Borecki, Iris M Heid, Ivana Kolcic, Ivana Persico, J Wouter Jukema, James F Wilson, Janine F Felix, Jasmin Divers, Jean-Charles Lambert, Jeanette M Stafford, Jean-Michel Gaspoz, Jennifer A Smith, Jessica D Faul, Jie Jin Wang, Jingzhong Ding, Joel N Hirschhorn, John Attia, John B Whitfield, John Chalmers, Jorma Viikari, Josef Coresh, Joshua C Denny, Juha Karjalainen, Jyotika K Fernandes, Karlhans Endlich, Katja Butterbach, Keith L Keene, Kurt Lohman, Laura Portas, Lenore J Launer, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Loic Yengo, Lude Franke, Luigi Ferrucci, Lynda M Rose, Lyudmyla Kedenko, Madhumathi Rao, Maksim Struchalin, Marcus E Kleber, Margherita Cavalieri, Margot Haun, Marilyn C Cornelis, Marina Ciullo, Mario Pirastu, Mariza de Andrade, Mark A McEvoy, Mark Woodward, Martin Adam, Massimiliano Cocca, Matthias Nauck, Medea Imboden, Melanie Waldenberger, Menno Pruijm, Marie Metzger, Michael Stumvoll, Michele K Evans, Michele M Sale, Mika Kähönen, Mladen Boban, Murielle Bochud, Myriam Rheinberger, Niek Verweij, Nabila Bouatia-Naji, Nicholas G Martin, Nick Hastie, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Nicole Soranzo, Olivier Devuyst, Olli Raitakari, Omri Gottesman, Oscar H Franco, Ozren Polasek, Paolo Gasparini, Patricia B Munroe, Paul M Ridker, Paul Mitchell, Paul Muntner, Christa Meisinger, Johannes H Smit, Peter Kovacs, Philipp S Wild, Philippe Froguel, Rainer Rettig, Reedik Mägi, Reiner Biffar, Reinhold Schmidt, Rita P S Middelberg, Robert J Carroll, Brenda W Penninx, Rodney J Scott, Ronit Katz, Sanaz Sedaghat, Sarah H Wild, Sharon L R Kardia, Sheila Ulivi, Shih-Jen Hwang, Stefan Enroth, Stefan Kloiber, Stella Trompet, Benedicte Stengel, Stephen J Hancock, Stephen T Turner, Sylvia E Rosas, Sylvia Stracke, Tamara B Harris, Tanja Zeller, Tatijana Zemunik, Terho Lehtimäki, Thomas Illig, Thor Aspelund, Tiit Nikopensius, Tonu Esko, Toshiko Tanaka, Ulf Gyllensten, Uwe Völker, Valur Emilsson, Veronique Vitart, Ville Aalto, Vilmundur Gudnason, Vincent Chouraki, Wei-Min Chen, Wilmar Igl, Winfried März, Wolfgang Koenig, Wolfgang Lieb, Ruth J F Loos, Yongmei Liu, Harold Snieder, Peter P Pramstaller, Afshin Parsa, Jeffrey R O'Connell, Katalin Susztak, Pavel Hamet, Johanne Tremblay, Ian H de Boer, Carsten A Böger, Wolfram Goessling, Daniel I Chasman, Anna Köttgen, W H Linda Kao, Caroline S Fox
Reduced glomerular filtration rate defines chronic kidney disease and is associated with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), combining data across 133,413 individuals with replication in up to 42,166 individuals. We identify 24 new and confirm 29 previously identified loci. Of these 53 loci, 19 associate with eGFR among individuals with diabetes. Using bioinformatics, we show that identified genes at eGFR loci are enriched for expression in kidney tissues and in pathways relevant for kidney development and transmembrane transporter activity, kidney structure, and regulation of glucose metabolism...
January 21, 2016: Nature Communications
Joshua D Fox, Katherine L Baquerizo-Nole, Jeremy B Freedman, Sophia Liu, Freya Van Driessche, Elizabeth Yim, Robert S Kirsner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: JAMA Dermatology
Brian P Jenssen, Andrew J Lautz, Jennifer L Orthmann-Murphy, Sabrina W Yum, Angela Waanders, Elizabeth Fox
A 6-year-old girl presented with a history of leg pain and cramping that progressively worsened over a 2- to 3-week period of time. Her examination was notable for normal vital signs, limited range of motion of her left hip, and a limp. Inflammatory markers were slightly elevated, but the serum electrolytes, calcium, and magnesium, complete blood cell count and differential, and creatine kinase level were normal. She was hospitalized for further diagnostic evaluation and was noted to have abnormal muscle movements classified as myokymia (continuous involuntary quivering, rippling, or undulating movement of muscles)...
October 2015: Pediatrics
Bridget L Morse, Hong Cai, Jamus G MacGuire, Maxine Fox, Lisa Zhang, Yueping Zhang, Xiaomei Gu, Hong Shen, Elizabeth A Dierks, Hong Su, Chiuwa E Luk, Punit Marathe, Yue-Zhong Shu, W Griffith Humphreys, Yurong Lai
Unbound plasma concentrations may not reflect those in target tissues, and there is a need for methods to predict tissue partitioning. Here, we investigate the unbound liver partitioning (Kpu,u) of rosuvastatin, a substrate of hepatic organic anion transporting peptides, in cynomolgus monkeys and compare it with that determined using hepatocytes in vitro. Rosuvastatin (3 mg/kg) was administered orally to monkeys and plasma and liver (by ultrasound-guided biopsy) collected over time. Uptake into monkey hepatocytes was evaluated up to steady state...
November 2015: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Elizabeth C Penela, Olga L Walker, Kathryn A Degnan, Nathan A Fox, Heather A Henderson
This study examined emotion regulation (ER) as a mediator in the relation between early behavioral inhibition (BI) and later social competence (N = 257), and whether this mediation varied depending on BI levels. Maternal report and observational measures were used to assess BI (ages 2 and 3). Children's ER strategies (age 5) and social competence with an unfamiliar peer (age 7) were measured using observational measures. Results showed that BI predicted less engaged ER strategies during a disappointment task, and engaged ER predicted higher social competence...
May 25, 2015: Child Development
Elizabeth G Demicco, Khalida Wani, Patricia S Fox, Roland L Bassett, Eric D Young, Dina Lev, Kenneth D Aldape, Alexander J Lazar, Wei-Lien Wang
This study aimed to evaluate expression of receptor tyrosine kinases, their ligands, and mutational status in solitary fibrous tumors, with correlation to histopathologic variants, tumor stage, and aggressive behavior. Immunohistochemical staining for PDGFα; PDGFβ; PDGFR-α; PDGFR-β; IGF1R; EGFR; VEGF; IGF2; c-Met; c-kit; c-erbB2; PTEN; and phosphorylated (p)AKT, pS6, and p4EBP1 was analyzed in 114 cases of solitary fibrous tumor using tissue microarray. Mutational analysis was performed using Sequenom MassARRAY-based platform...
July 2015: Human Pathology
Elizabeth J Blaesi, Brian G Fox, Thomas C Brunold
Cysteine dioxygenase (CDO) is a mononuclear, non-heme iron(II)-dependent enzyme that utilizes molecular oxygen to catalyze the oxidation of l-cysteine (Cys) to cysteinesulfinic acid. Although the kinetic consequences of various outer-sphere amino acid substitutions have previously been assessed, the effects of these substitutions on the geometric and electronic structures of the active site remained largely unexplored. In this work, we have performed a spectroscopic and computational characterization of the H155A CDO variant, which was previously shown to display a rate of Cys oxidation ∼100-fold decreased relative to that of wild-type (WT) CDO...
May 12, 2015: Biochemistry
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