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Paraurethral cyst

Charu Tiwari, Hemanshi Shah, Jayesh Desale, Mukta Waghmare
Vaginal cysts are rare, particularly in the newborn. They usually present as one of these three entities in the newborn: paraurethral cysts (Skene duct cysts), Gartner duct cysts (mesonephric ductal remnants) or a covered ectopic ureter. Abdominal ultrasound should always be included in the clinical evaluation in search of renal anomalies. We report two cases of Gartner cysts in neonates.
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
Tarik Yonguc, Ibrahim Halil Bozkurt, Salih Polat, Serkan Yarimoglu, Ismail Gulden, Volkan Sen, Suleyman Minareci
Paraurethral cysts are usually asymptomatic and frequently detected incidentally during routine pelvic examination however, patients can present with complaints of a palpable cyst or with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and also dyspareunia. In most cases, diagnosis can be made on physical examination but for more detailed evaluation and to differentiate from malign lesions ultrasonography (US), voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG), computerized tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can also be used...
November 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Gaurav Prakash, Shreya Karan, Satya Narayan Sankhwar, Sangeeta Karan
Paraurethral cyst is a benign cystic disorder of anterior vaginal wall. Many secondary complications have been described in literature, but stone formation in the cyst is a rare phenomenon. We are reporting a case of a 35-year-old multiparous woman who presented with lower urinary tract symptoms, dysuria, and dyspareunia. She was diagnosed as a case of the paraurethral cyst with stones and was managed successfully. Various differential diagnoses have been suggested, most important being urethral diverticulum, ruled out by urethroscopy...
October 2016: Urology Annals
Eliana Costantino, George S Ganesan
The Skene's glands are located in the distal urethral floor, and they are the largest paraurethral glands. Skene's gland cysts are unusual at any age, but specially newborns. However, due to lack of systematic reporting, true incidence is probably higher than the one described in the literature. We present a newborn girl found to have a paraurethral cyst at birth. Characteristic displacement of the urethral opening was revealed on catheterisation. Review of literature, and comparison to a similar case of interlabial mass previously evaluated, were carried out...
October 25, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Andres A Roma
Two tubulosquamous polyps arising in the vagina are reported. Both were diffusely positive for GATA3 in the squamous component and focally positive for NKX3.1 in the glandular component, prostate acid phosphatase was focally positive in only 1 case in the glandular component. Both cases were negative for PAX2, PAX8, SALL4, and prostate-specific antigen. In addition, we included 3 cases of cervical squamous-lined cysts most likely representing ectopic prostatic tissue in the cervix and 1 case of paraurethral Skene-type glands to compare the immunophenotype...
June 2016: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Min-Hua Tseng, Shih-Hua Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Farzaneh Shaririaghdas, Azar Daneshpajooh, Mahboubeh Mirzaei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Urology Journal
A Miño, J Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: The Skene duct cyst, classified as a paraurethral cyst, is a rare congenital abnormality in female neonates and it may manifest throughout the course of life. The incidence varies from 1 in 2000 to 3000 female births. OBJECTIVE: To expose the characteristics and symptoms of a Skene duct cyst at different stages of child development in order to carry out a timely suspicion and diagnosis. CASE REPORT: The first case is a female newborn who presented a painless yellowish tumor adjacent to the urethral meatus, which drained spontaneously; the second case is a teenager who consulted due to leucorrhea for a year and a three-centimeter diameter paraurethral injury between the labia minora, which required surgical treatment and study of the paraurethral mass...
October 2014: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Bart C W Kuipers, Esther J S Jansen, Edgar G A H van Mil
During a routine physical examination of a term, healthy neonate of Somalian origin we observed an anteriorly located interlabial yellow cyst with visible vascularisation on the outer surface. It caused lateralisation of the urinary meatus without notable obstruction. A Skene's duct cyst, or paraurethral cyst, was clinically diagnosed with spontaneous regression. This is a self-limiting phenomenon of unknown origin that rarely requires surgical drainage in case of urinary obstruction.
2015: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Farzaneh Sharifiaghdas, Farzaneh Shaririaghdas, Azar Daneshpajooh, Mahboubeh Mirzaei
PURPOSE: To present the clinical experience in the management of Skene's duct cysts (paraurethral cysts) in women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients who have underwent surgical treatment for paraurethral cyst between 2002 and 2012 was performed. A total of 85 women were diagnosed with paraurethral cyst over a 10-year period. The paraurethral cysts were detected at vaginal examination. Evaluations consisted of urine analysis and culture and urinary tract ultrasound...
September 2014: Urology Journal
Osman Köse, Hüseyin Aydemir, Osman Metin, Salih Budak, Adil Sonbahar, Oztuğ Adsan
INTRODUCTION: Paraurethral cysts may be acquired or congenital pathology, and are rarely encountered in urogynecologic practice. Therefore, no consensus on management of paraurethral cyst could be reached. We aimed to report our experience on the management of paraurethral cysts in adult women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on adult women diagnosed with paraurethral cysts between 2011 and 2012. Patients' complaints, parity, physical signs, diagnostic tests and the obtained findings, surgical intervention, duration of follow-up period, complications, recurrence and histologic examination of the cysts wall were evaluated in the patients included...
2014: Central European Journal of Urology
Esperanza Bautista-Gómez, Víctor Morales-García, Ana Luisa Flores-Romero, Ursula Santos-Pérez
Paraurethral cyst or Skene cysts are rare at any age but particularly in newborns. In infants typically present as cystic formations, raised similar to a dermoid cyst. The treatment is established based on the findings, pathology and the age of the patient may be observational, puncture the cyst or surgical. We present a newborn with acute renal failure secondary to skene's cysts.
October 2013: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
J E Wright
Paraurethral or Skene's duct cysts in the newborn period and early childhood are readily identified by their characteristic appearance -round, yellow- or orange-coloured swellings beside and distorting the urethral orifice. Clinical examination should be followed by sonography of the urinary tract. Natural resolution is the likely outcome and early surgery is not necessary.
March 1996: Pediatric Surgery International
Serdar Moralioğlu, Oktav Bosnalı, Ayşenur Cerrah Celayir, Ceyhan Sahin
Paraurethral or Skene's duct cysts are rare causes of interlabial masses in neonates. The diagnosis of Skene's duct cysts in the neonatal period is based on its location, in relation to the urethra, and the demonstration of transitional epithelium in the cyst wall. The distinguishing features of paraurethral cysts are the displacement of urethral meatus by the mass and a cyst containing milky fluid. Thus, we report a case of a Skene's duct cyst in a newborn which was treated by incision and drainage.
July 2013: Urology Annals
Eiki Nakamura, Shigeki Shintaku, Moyu Horii, Hiromi Manabe, Yoshiki Hirano, Koichi Murono
Paraurethral cyst is a rare cause of interlabial mass formation in female neonates. Paraurethral cysts are generally asymptomatic, and spontaneous regression is expected. However, the management of paraurethral cysts is a controversial topic. Here, we report the case of a female neonate with a paraurethral cyst that regressed spontaneously on day 3 after birth. Urgent surgical treatment of these cysts is not recommended during the early neonatal period.
June 2014: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Ayse Esra Yilmaz, Fatih Andiran, Evren Sarifakioglu, Esra Aktepe Keskin, Naile Tufan
Interlabial masses of newborns are rare issues that fall into the interest of pediatricians, pediatric surgeons, urologists, dermatologists and gynecologists. The most common are the hymenal cysts and paraurethral gland cysts. Several interlabial masses, including those of embryological origin, ectopic tissue, prolapse, urological anomaly, or neoplasia, can superficially resemble simple cysts. These include prolapsed urethra, prolapsed ectopic ureterocele, prolapsed vagina or uterus, Gartner's duct cyst, hydrometrocolpos associated with an imperforate hymen and botryoid rhabomyosarcoma...
January 2013: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Clark T Johnson, Sarah E Millard, Ming-Hsien Wang, Robert M Ehsanipoor
Paraurethral cysts arising from Skene's gland are a rare cause of urogenital masses in the neonate. We report the case of a pelvic mass noted at the vaginal introitus on prenatal ultrasound that following delivery was found to be a paraurethral cyst. On prenatal ultrasound, there was no evidence of involvement of the urinary, gastrointestinal, or upper genital tract. Serial ultrasounds demonstrated slight enlargement of the cyst without other changes. The patient delivered at 33 weeks and postnatal evaluation demonstrated a paraurethral cyst...
February 2013: Journal of Pediatric Urology
G Paradies, F Zullino, F Caroppo, A Orofino, M P Lanzillotto, S Leggio
Gartner's duct cyst is a rare condition consequent to an unfinished disappearance of the mesonephric duct in females. In this report we present three cases of mesonephric duct remnants cysts: two of these were originated from its proximal part ,paraooforon, whereas in the third case the cyst was originated from its paraurethral distal end. These lesions are an uncommon and extremely rare manifestations in paediatric age and more in neonatal age: therefore we believe very interesting and useful to report these cases, describe their clinical data, debate the embryogenic origins, discuss diagnostic and therapeutic problems according to international literature...
September 2011: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
Vahe Badalyan, Swathi Burgula, Richard H Schwartz
BACKGROUND: At least five types of interlabial masses of different etiologies may present in a female neonate. The more serious type of interlabial mass must be differentiated from the benign and self-resolving paraurethral or hymenal cyst. Clues include appearance and color of the mass and the location of the mass in relation to the urethral meatus and the vaginal opening. Clinicians should be able to distinguish lesions that require aggressive intervention, i.e. surgery, from those that self-resolve and merely require observation...
February 2012: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Paul Kelly, Hilary A McBride, Kathryn Kennedy, Lynette E Connolly, W Glenn McCluggage
So-called ectopic prostatic tissue in the cervix and vaginal tubulosquamous polyps are rare morphologically similar lesions that may show positive immunohistochemical staining with prostatic markers. It has been suggested that they are related to paraurethral Skene's glands that are the female equivalent of prostatic glands in the male. We report a large series of lesions in women aged 23 to 81 years, found within the cervix (n=24), vagina (n=10), and vulva (n=2), which we believe to be a part of a spectrum of lesions derived from Skene's glands, either eutopic or more commonly misplaced during embryonic development...
November 2011: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
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