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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728303/-enhancing-soft-tissue-reattachment-with-artificial-mesh-in-joint-endoprosthetic-reconstruction-for-bone-tumors
#1
J S Lin, R Chen, W Yan, D D Chen
Objective: To investigate the operative method and clinical application of the BARD(®) Mesh in enhancing joint stability and function of endoprosthetic reconstruction for bone tumors. Methods: From Jan 2013 to Jun 2015, the clinical data of 51 patients aged (44.75±23.18) years underwent wide resection of tumor and endoprosthetic reconstruction using the BARD(®) Mesh were collected. Among them, 27 were male and 24 were female. The surgical treatments received by these patients included 5 shoulder arthroplasties, 12 elbow replacements, 12 hip replacements and 32 knee replacements (including 24 femoral tumors and 8 tibial tumors)...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728189/spontaneous-globe-rupture-due-to-rapidly-evolving-endogenous-hypermucoid-klebsiella-pneumoniae-endophthalmitis
#2
Edward H Wood, Matthew A Powers, Darius M Moshfeghi
In this retrospective report, the authors describe a rare case of spontaneous globe rupture from Klebsiella pneumoniae endophthalmitis in a middle-aged man with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus. There have been only four previously reported cases of spontaneous globe rupture from endophthalmitis. Out of the now five reported cases, all have been due to endogenous endophthalmitis, four have been due to gram-negative bacteria, and three have been due to K. pneumoniae. K. pneumoniae, especially the hypermucoid variant with a protective polysaccharide capsule, is an emerging pathogen with remarkable virulence...
July 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727652/surgical-emphysema-following-canalplasty-for-aural-exostoses
#3
Michael C Baxter, Matthew Keller, Anil Shah, Sean Wise
OBJECTIVE: To describe the presentation and management of surgical emphysema involving the temporomandibular joint and deep neck following exostoses removal. PATIENT: A 60-year-old male surfer presented with hearing loss and recurrent infections in the right ear. An examination revealed obstructing bony exostoses in the right external auditory canal. He underwent right canalplasty using a postauricular approach. At 5 weeks after surgery, he presented with right otalgia, swelling of the right face and neck, and complaints of a squeaking noise in the right ear with mandibular excursions...
July 19, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727468/effect-of-finishing-procedures-on-the-surface-roughness-of-resin-modified-glass-ionomer-materials
#4
Mohammad Garshasb, Gildo C Santos, Amin S Rizkalla, Richard Bohay, M Jacinta Santos
This study examined the influence of finishing procedures on the surface roughness of different formulations of resin-modified glass ionomers (RMGIs) available in capsules compared with standard resin composites (RCs). Disc samples of three RMGIs and two RCs were fabricated using a metal mold (5 mm x 1.5 mm). Samples were randomly divided into seven groups (N = 10) and subjected to finishing and polishing procedures using a combination of carbide or diamond burs, followed by either rubber points or aluminum-oxide discs...
July 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727103/effects-of-dietary-calcium-fructoborate-supplementation-on-joint-comfort-and-flexibility-and-serum-inflammatory-markers-in-dogs-with-osteoarthritis
#5
A K Price, M R C de Godoy, T A Harper, K E Knap, S Joslyn, Z Pietrzkowski, B K Cross, K B Detweiler, K S Swanson
Our objective was to evaluate the short-term effects of calcium fructoborate (CFB) on gait, joint range of motion, serum inflammatory markers, and owner perception of pain in client-owned dogs. We used 59 osteoarthritic dogs with impairment, with dogs being randomly assigned to 4 treatments: placebo (60 mg fructose; = 15), low dose (69 mg CFB; = 14), high dose (127 mg CFB; = 14), or combination (69 mg CFB, 500 mg glucosamine hydrochloride and 200 mg chondroitin sulfate; = 16). Dogs up to 22.9 kg received 1 capsule/d, while dogs weighing 23 to 50 kg received 2 capsules/d...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726357/the-complexities-of-negative-dysphotopsia
#6
Ivayla I Geneva, Bonnie A Henderson
The appearance of a dark shadow in the temporal periphery, otherwise known as negative dysphotopsia, continues to be a problem for some patients after routine uncomplicated cataract surgery. Etiologies include type and design of intraocular lens (IOL), anatomical features and dimensions of the eye, pupil size, angle kappa, relationship of the optic to the anterior capsule, and the position of the optic/haptic junction of the IOL. Although the primary etiology remains controversial, it is clear that the cause is multifactorial...
July 18, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725629/evaluation-the-effect-of-50-and-100%C3%A2-mg-doses-of-cuminum-cyminum-essential-oil-on-glycemic-indices-insulin-resistance-and-serum-inflammatory-factors-on-patients-with-diabetes-type-ii-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Sahar Jafari, Roghieh Sattari, Sa'id Ghavamzadeh
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of 50 and 100 mg doses of green cumin essential oil on glycemic and inflammatory indices in patients with diabetes type II. METHOD: In this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial, subjects were divided into three groups after selecting them randomly according to the inclusion criteria: 1 - Cuminum cyminum capsule (100 mg/day,n = 33), 2 - C. cyminum capsule (50 mg/day, n = 33), and 3 - placebo (n = 33)...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725513/facial-nerve-schwannomas-mimicking-as-vestibular-schwannomas
#8
Beth N McNulty, Sean Wise, David S Cohen, Jason Bell, Dennis Bojrab, Michael LaRouere, Matthew Kircher, Seilesh Babu
Objective  The objective of this study was to identify preoperative and intraoperative findings that may aid in distinguishing facial nerve schwannomas (FNS) from vestibular schwannomas (VSs), particularly in cases limited to the internal auditory canal (IAC) and cerebellopontine angle (CPA). Study Design  This was a retrospective study. Setting  This study was set at a Tertiary Referral Center. Patients  Seventeen cases from October 2002 to July 2015 with an IAC/CPA mass presumed to be a VS who were found to have a FNS intraoperatively...
August 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725511/erratum-the-parc-lesion-a-posterior-avulsion-of-the-radiocarpal-capsule
#9
Francis Bonte, Christophe L Mathoulin
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1584162.].
August 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725509/saving-tendons-on-distal-radius-fractures-a-simple-surgical-pearl-to-prevent-fpl-tendon-conflict-with-volar-locking-plates
#10
Gustavo Mantovani Ruggiero
Injury to the flexor pollicis longus (FPL) tendon is one of the most frequent complications when fixing distal radius fractures with the volar locking plates. The author proposed a simple surgical technique providing a reliable soft tissue protection to prevent friction on the FPL with the volar locking plate, using a flap of the FCR sheath sutured to attachments of the volar capsule on the lunate buttress facet of the distal radius.
August 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725508/the-anatomy-of-the-dorsal-capsulo-scapholunate-septum-a-cadaveric-study
#11
Marina Tommasini Carrara de Sambuy, Tanya Michelle Burgess, Adeline Cambon-Binder, Christophe L Mathoulin
Background  Tears of the dorsal radiocarpal capsule at the level of the scapholunate interosseous ligament (SLIL) have recently been described in association with predynamic scapholunate instability. Purpose  The aim of this anatomical study of the dorsal capsulo-scapholunate septum (DCSS) was to examine the connection of the dorsal capsule on the SLIL and dorsal intercarpal ligament (DICL). Methods  Fourteen fresh frozen wrists from seven adult cadavers were dissected through a dorsal approach. Any dorsal attachment of the DICL on the dorsal surface of the SLIL, that is, the DCSS, was identified and measured (height and width)...
August 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724897/x-ray-crystallographic-structure-of-a-bacterial-polysialyltransferase-provides-insight-into-the-biosynthesis-of-capsular-polysialic-acid
#12
Christian Lizak, Liam J Worrall, Lars Baumann, Moritz M Pfleiderer, Gesa Volkers, Tianjun Sun, Lyann Sim, Warren Wakarchuk, Stephen G Withers, Natalie C J Strynadka
Polysialic acid (polySia) is a homopolymeric saccharide that is associated with some neuroinvasive pathogens and is found on selective cell types in their eukaryotic host. The presence of a polySia capsule on these bacterial pathogens helps with resistance to phagocytosis, cationic microbial peptides and bactericidal antibody production. The biosynthesis of bacterial polySia is catalysed by a single polysialyltransferase (PST) transferring sialic acid from a nucleotide-activated donor to a lipid-linked acceptor oligosaccharide...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724331/randomized-double-blinded-pilot-clinical-study-of-the-antidiabetic-activity-of-balanites-aegyptiaca-and-uplc-esi-ms-ms-identification-of-its-metabolites
#13
Hend Rashad, Fateheya M Metwally, Shahira M Ezzat, Maha M Salama, Adel Hasheesh, Amira Abdel Motaal
CONTEXT: Balanites aegyptiaca Del. (Zygophyllaceae) fruits are traditionally known for the treatment of hyperglycaemia. Several in vitro and in vivo studies proposed some mechanisms of action. However, clinical trials in human beings were never reported to date. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the antidiabetic efficacy of the 70% ethanol extract of the pericarps of B. aegyptiaca (BE) within a nutritional intervention in elderly people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ultra-performance electrospray ionization-mass spectroscopy (UPLC-ESI-MS/MS) analysis was used for metabolic profiling of BE which was incorporated in hard gelatine capsules (400 mg/day) and tested on 30 type 2 diabetes (T2D) Egyptian patients for 8 weeks...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724178/could-myo-inositol-soft-gel-capsules-outperform-clomiphene-in-inducing-ovulation-results-of-a-pilot-study
#14
A-L Rolland, M Peigné, P Plouvier, A Dumont, S Catteau-Jonard, D Dewailly
OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance is known to worsen polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). The management of insulin resistance is crucial in the treatment of PCOS and insulin-sensitizing molecule as myo-inositol (MYO) seems to have promising effects. The aim of our pilot study was to study whether supplementation with MYO can improve patients' sensitivity to clomiphene citrate (CC) in terms of ovulation and pregnancy rates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 26 patients with PCOS, eligible to ovulation induction with CC...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723885/term-versus-preterm-cord-blood-cells-for-the-prevention-of-preterm-brain-injury
#15
Jingang Li, Tamara Yawno, Amy Sutherland, Jan Loose, Ilias Nitsos, Beth J Allison, Robert Bischof, Courtney A McDonald, Graham Jenkin, Suzanne L Miller
BACKGROUND: White matter brain injury in preterm infants can induce neurodevelopmental deficits. Umbilical cord blood (UCB) cells demonstrate neuroprotective properties, but it is unknown whether cells obtained from preterm versus term cord blood have similar efficacy. This study compared the ability of term cord blood (TCB) versus preterm cord blood (PCB) cells to reduce white matter injury in preterm fetal sheep. METHODS: Hypoxia-ischemia (HI) was induced in fetal sheep (0...
July 19, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723747/injury-of-optic-radiation-and-visual-field-defect-in-a-patient-with-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-case-report
#16
Sung Ho Jang, Jeong Pyo Seo
RATIONALE: Little is known about optic radiation (OR) injury following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). In the current study, we report on a patient who showed a visual field defect and injury of the OR following aneurysmal SAH, using diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). PATIENT CONCERNS: At 4 weeks from onset, when a 62-year old female started rehabilitation, she complained of a visual field defect. Peripheral field defects were detected on both eyes using the Humphrey visual field test...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723186/ingestible-sensors
#17
Kourosh Kalantar-Zadeh, Nam Ha, Jian Zhen Ou, Kyle J Berean
Ingestible sensing capsules are fast emerging as a critical technology that has the ability to greatly impact health, nutrition, and clinical areas. These ingestible devices are noninvasive and hence are very attractive for customers. With widespread access to smart phones connected to the Internet, the data produced by this technology can be readily seen and reviewed online, and accessed by both users and physicians. The outputs provide invaluable information to reveal the state of gut health and disorders as well as the impact of food, medical supplements, and environmental changes on the gastrointestinal tract...
April 28, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722515/construction-of-a-plga-based-targeted-sirna-delivery-system-for-treatment-of-osteoporosis
#18
Deniz Sezlev Bilecen, Jose Carlos Rodriguez-Cabello, Hasan Uludag, Vasif Hasirci
Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disorder which occurs when the bone turnover balance is disrupted. With the identification of the genes involved in the pathogenesis of the disease, studies on development of new osteoporosis treatments has intensified. RNA interference (RNAi) mechanism uses short interfering RNA (siRNA) to knockdown disease related gene expression as a treatment approach. Targeting while protecting siRNA against hydrolysis by nucleases in vivo is, however, challenging. The maintenance of therapeutic plasma level is also hampered by the clearance of siRNA from the body...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722393/multiligand-metal-phenolic-assembly-from-green-tea-infusions
#19
Md Arifur Rahim, Mattias Björnmalm, Nadja Bertleff-Zieschang, Yi Ju, Srinivas Mettu, Michael G Leeming, Frank Caruso
The synthesis of hybrid functional materials using the coordination-driven assembly of metal-phenolic networks (MPNs) is of interest in diverse areas of materials science. To date, MPN assembly has been explored as monoligand systems (i.e., containing a single type of phenolic ligand) where the phenolic components are primarily obtained from natural sources via extraction, isolation, and purification processes. Herein, we demonstrate the fabrication of MPNs from a readily available, crude phenolic source-green tea (GT) infusions...
July 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722356/hansen-solubility-parameters-for-assay-method-optimization-of-simvastatin-ramipril-atenolol-hydrochlorothiazide-and-aspirin-in-human-plasma-using-liquid-chromatography-with-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#20
Murali Mohan Reddy Devalapalli, Hanumanth Srikanth Cheruvu, Thejaswi Yertha, Vijaya Bhaskar Veeravalli, Sunitha Sampathi, Savithri Shivakumar
A simple, specific, sensitive validated method was developed using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization of human plasma for the simultaneous estimation of drugs (simvastatin, ramipril, atenolol, hydrochlorothiazide and aspirin) of Polycap(TM) capsule used in cardiovascular therapy. The interaction of these actives including internal standards between the stationary and mobile phase were investigated using Hansen solubility parameters. Chromatographic separation was performed on Phenomenex Synergi Polar-RP (30 × 2 mm, 4 μm) column with a gradient mobile phase composition of acetonitrile and 5 mM ammonium formate for positive mode and 0...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
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