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Francesco Raimondi, Angela Carla Borrelli, Teresa Ferrara, Antonietta Giannattasio, Letizia Capasso
OBJECTIVE: To compare levels of bilirubin (using the area under the curve, AUC) in preterm infants before the onset of sepsis with healthy matched-controls. METHODS: Preterm infants born between January 2011 and December 2015 with late-onset sepsis were enrolled in our retrospective study and were matched with healthy controls (sex, birth weight and gestational age). Levels of bilirubin were registered in the eight days preceding the onset of sepsis and the AUC was calculated for both groups...
September 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Gustavo M Rocha, Filipa S Flor-DE-Lima, Hercília A Guimaraes
BACKGROUND: Grunting respirations occurring in the first hours of life is a frequent nonspecific clinical sign. Our objective was to assess the clinical significance of grunting lasting over two hours of birth in term and near term newborns. +0 METHODS: A five years retrospective study of all newborns >35 weeks of gestational age admitted for grunting to a level III NICU. RESULTS: Prolongued grunting occurred in 1.2% of the delivered newborns. Data on 151 grunter newborns and 302 controls were reviewed...
September 8, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
D R S Middleton, M J Watts, E M Hamilton, T Fletcher, G S Leonardi, R M Close, K S Exley, H Crabbe, D A Polya
Chronic exposure to arsenic (As) in drinking water is an established cause of cancer and other adverse health effects. Arsenic concentrations >10 μg L(-1) were previously measured in 5% of private water supplies (PWS) in Cornwall, UK. The present study investigated prolongued exposure to As by measuring biomarkers in hair and toenail samples from 212 volunteers and repeated measurements of As in drinking water from 127 households served by PWS. Strong positive Pearson correlations (rp = 0.95) indicated stability of water As concentrations over the time period investigated (up to 31 months)...
May 18, 2016: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Roxana Valdés-Ramos, Ana Laura Guadarrama-López, Beatriz Elina Martínez-Carrillo, Alejandra Donají Benítez-Arciniega
The present review evaluates the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus and individual or combined vitamins. Antioxidant vitamins A, C and E are found decreased in diabetic subjects, possibly due to an increased need to control the excessive oxidative stress produced by abnormalities in glucose metabolism. On the other hand, retinol binding protein exerts a modulating effect, as it has adipokine functions. With respect to the B group vitamins, thiamin, pyridoxine and biotin have been found decreased but the mechanisms are not clear, however supplementation has shown some improvement of the metabolic control in diabetic patients...
2015: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
Dusica Bajic, Kathryn G Commons, Sulpicio G Soriano
Prolonged neonatal opioid exposure has been associated with: antinociceptive tolerance, long-term neurodevelopmental delay, cognitive, and motor impairment. Morphine has also been shown to induce apoptotic cell death in vitro studies, but its in vivo effect in developing rat brain is unknown. Thus, we hypothesized that prolongued morphine administration in neonatal rats in a model of antinociceptive tolerance and dependence is associated with increased neuroapoptosis. We analyzed neonatal rats from the following groups (1) naïve group (n=6); (2) control group (normal saline (NS), n=5), and (3) morphine group (n=8)...
June 2013: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Loreto Carmona
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is implicated in the control of tumoral growth in addition to the systemic inflammatory response. TNF blockage produces a comprensible reservation in patients with risk factors for cancer. No clear evidence for this came out from pre-clinical or clinical trials. Biosafety registries established in the post-marketing phase have concluded that, in general, cancer cases have not increased over what is expected in a population with RA exposed to the prolongued use of anti-TNF drugs. A meta-analysis of clinical trials which used infliximab and adalimumab for RA treatment showed an increase of up to three times the risk of developing cancer, but this dissapeared after correcting for time...
March 2010: Reumatología Clinica
J E van Doormaal, P M L A van den Bemt, P G M Mol, R J Zaal, A C G Egberts, F M Haaijer-Ruskamp, J G W Kosterink
BACKGROUND: Medication errors (MEs) affect patient safety to a significant extent. Because these errors can lead to preventable adverse drug events (pADEs), it is important to know what type of ME is the most prevalent cause of these pADEs. This study determined the impact of the various types of prescribing (administrative, dosing and therapeutic) and transcribing errors on pADEs in hospitalised patients. METHODS: During a 5-month period, data for patients admitted to a total of five internal medicine wards of one university and one teaching hospital in The Netherlands were prospectively collected by chart review...
February 2009: Quality & Safety in Health Care
Inci Yildirim, Mehmet Ceyhan, Omer Kalayci, Ali Bulent Cengiz, Gulten Secmeer, Deniz Gur, Steve Pelton
To determine the frequency of pertussis in children < or = 16 y who had prolonged cough (> or = 14 d), a prospective study was conducted at an outpatient clinic of a paediatric hospital. Nasopharyngeal swabs were taken for culture and nucleic acid testing by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for Bordetella pertussis. Immunoglobulin A and immunoglobulin G antibodies against pertussis toxin (PT) were tested by ELISA in paired serum samples. A total of 148 patients were recruited during 1 y. Pertussis was detected in 25 (16...
2008: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases
M Maroñas Martín, J Rubio Briones, L Arribas Alpuente, P P Escolar Perez, M A Estornell Gualde, E Solsona Narbón
INTRODUCTION: The increased risk of developing a transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) among patients irradiated for other pathologies in a known fact, but many times forgotten due to its low incidence. Our aim is to review the association between radiotherapy (RT) and muscle-infiltrating TCC among our patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical survey among our muscle-infiltrating TCC data base since 1975. Descriptive analysis of found cases. RESULTS: We found 5 patients who developed muscle-infiltrating TCC with a mean time of 19...
June 2005: Actas Urologicas Españolas
A Alonso, A Distefano, O Carlino, A Polito
We report an exanthematic outbreak in a school of Banderaló town, located in the district of General Villegas, Buenos Aires province, Argentina. This outbreak affected 21 individuals, with a wide range of age (out of a total population of 1400). The observed clinical manifestations were exanthema and in some cases fever, asthenia, arthropathies and myalgia. The presence of specific IgM antibodies against measles, rubella and human parvovirus B19 were investigated. Analysis of IgM antibodies to parvovirus B19 by ELISA was positive in 90...
July 2003: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
Martin J Shephard, Daniel Todd, Brian M Adair, Alan Li Wan Po, Dermot P Mackie, Eileen M Scott
Stimulation of long lasting, protective immunity to respiratory viruses is often difficult to achieve with conventional respiratory vaccines. Polymeric nanoparticles, incorporating viral proteins have been shown to offer sustained release of antigen, with consequent prolongued stimulation of the respiratory immune system. In this paper the efficacy of two nanoparticle vaccines (poly-lactide-co-glycolide, PLGA; polymethylmethacrylate, PMMA), incorporating proteins of bovine parainfluenza type 3 virus (BPI-3) was investigated...
April 2003: Research in Veterinary Science
Pia Parolin
Cecropia latiloba can be considered to be one of the most efficient colonizers of open areas in the nutrient-rich whitewater floodplains of the Amazon river. Its main strategy to be successful is the high tolerance towards waterlogging and submergence, and the fast vertical growth and reiteration capacity. This, and the tolerance of high irradiation and sediment deposition allow C. latiloba to form large monospecific stands on open sites, and thus the first closed canopy which represents the initial phase of a successional sequence which leads to highly diverse forests...
June 2002: Revista de Biología Tropical
S Fanconi, A Tschupp, L Molinari
UNLABELLED: Whereas during the last few years handling of the transcutaneous PO2 (tcPO2) and PCO2 (tcPCO2) sensor has been simplified, the high electrode temperature and the short application time remain major drawbacks. In order to determine whether the application of a topical metabolic inhibitor allows reliable measurement at a sensor temperature of 42 degrees C for a period of up to 12 h, we performed a prospective, open, nonrandomized study in a sequential sample of 20 critically ill neonates...
December 1996: European Journal of Pediatrics
E Zandi, I Galli, U Döbbeling, S Rusconi
The DNA binding domain of steroid receptors coincides with the cysteine-rich region encompassing the two conserved zinc fingers. In the case of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), a weak transactivation function has been described to be adjacent or partly overlapping to the DNA binding domain, whereas stronger trans-acting functions are encoded by the amino and the carboxy domain. In this report we describe the phenotype produced by stochastic mutations of the zinc finger region. The mutants were obtained either by selected rearrangements of the rat GR cDNA, or by semi-random nucleotide substitutions...
March 5, 1993: Journal of Molecular Biology
R Hasan, M K Alam, R Ali
Conformational isomerization of native calf thymus DNA under the influence of spermine, spermidine and putrescine was monitored by UV absorption and immunospecific anti-Z-DNA antibodies. Immunological data indicated increased binding of anti-Z-DNA antibodies to polyamine-perturbed conformations of native DNA and double stranded poly(dG-dC). In the absence of polyamines, anti-Z-DNA antibodies did not bind to either polymers. Analysis of UV absorption studies indicates a left handed conformation of nDNA in the presence of polyamines...
July 10, 1995: FEBS Letters
H A Podestá, H E Castagneto, F G Lasala, J Cahue, F V Otegui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 1968: Prensa Médica Argentina
S Ischia, O Terranova, V Delbue, A Corsini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1967: Acta Anaesthesiologica
A Mpouga-Paraskakes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1973: Hellenika Stomatologika Chronika. Hellenic Stomatological Annals
A Emanuel, C N Castro, L L Pires, A Prata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1988: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
H J Rahmsdorf, A Schönthal, P Angel, M Litfin, U Rüther, P Herrlich
The transient induction of c-fos mRNA and protein suggests that regulation occurs not only by transcriptional activation but also at the level of turnover of the gene product. Here we present evidence for the rapid turnover of c-fos mRNA and some of the requirements for its specific degradation. The half life of induced mature cytoplasmic c-fos mRNA is 9 min in both serum-starved and growing primary human fibroblasts and in NIH 3T3 cells. A structure present at the 3' end of the c-fos mRNA molecule is involved in its low stability since the substitution or the removal of the untranslated 3' portion prolongues the RNA life time...
February 25, 1987: Nucleic Acids Research
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