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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886608/-prenatal-interventional-therapy-in-two-cases-with-critical-pulmonary-stenosis-or-pulmonary-atresia-with-intact-ventricular-septum
#1
C C Pang, W Pan, Z W Zhang, C B Zhou, Y F Li, X Zhang, F Z Han, Y X Sun, S Wang, J Zhuang
Objectives: Two cases who underwent fetal pulmonary valvuloplasty (FPV) for pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA-IVS) or critical pulmonary stenosis with intact ventricular septum (CPS-IVS) successfully were reported. The aim of the report was to explore the criteria for case selection, the technical essentials of FPV, and the postpartum outcome of the fetus. Methods: One case with PA-IVS and the other with CPS-IVS were enrolled in September 2016 and February 2017 in Guangdong General Hospital, and both cases were diagnosed with severe right ventricular dysplasia and tricuspid regurgitation by fetal echocardiogram...
June 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868521/measuring-near-infrared-spectroscopy-derived-cerebral-autoregulation-in-neonates-from-research-tool-toward-bedside-multimodal-monitoring
#2
REVIEW
Liesbeth Thewissen, Alexander Caicedo, Petra Lemmers, Frank Van Bel, Sabine Van Huffel, Gunnar Naulaers
Introduction: Cerebral autoregulation (CAR), the ability of the human body to maintain cerebral blood flow (CBF) in a wide range of perfusion pressures, can be calculated by describing the relation between arterial blood pressure (ABP) and cerebral oxygen saturation measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). In literature, disturbed CAR is described in different patient groups, using multiple measurement techniques and mathematical models. Furthermore, it is unclear to what extent cerebral pathology and outcome can be explained by impaired CAR...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866999/kidney-diseases-and-pregnancy-a-multidisciplinary-approach-for-improving-care-by-involving-nephrology-obstetrics-neonatology-urology-diabetology-bioethics-and-internal-medicine
#3
EDITORIAL
Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Rossella Attini, Gianfranca Cabiddu
This multidisciplinary series is aimed at offering readers many opportunities to appreciate how a clinical and ethical approach to pregnancy has changed in patients with kidney diseases and with related conditions, including diabetes, hypertension, and immunologic diseases. Furthermore, this series aims to focus on the fact that many issues remain unreslved, that there are enormous gaps in knowledge, and that the bioethical approach needs to integrated in the clinical practice, which would allow for a deeper appreciation of different cultural and religious backgrounds...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859395/determination-of-reference-intervals-for-umbilical-cord-arterial-and-venous-blood-gas-analysis-of-healthy-thoroughbred-foals
#4
Sunita S Jeawon, Lisa M Katz, Noreen P Galvin, Ursula M Fogarty, Vivienne E Duggan
Although umbilical cord blood gas analysis is considered the best way to assess in utero oxygenation in human neonates, there is limited evaluation of this method in equine neonatology. Our objectives were to assess the practicality of obtaining umbilical cord blood gas samples in the field and to determine umbilical cord arterial and venous blood gas reference intervals (RI) for healthy, newborn foals. Thoroughbred foals >320 days gestation from healthy mares with uneventful pregnancies at one stud farm were evaluated...
May 25, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858979/multifarious-diagnostic-possibilities-of-the-s100-protein-family-predominantly-in-pediatrics-and-neonatology
#5
REVIEW
Anna Medkova, Josef Srovnal, Jarmila Potomkova, Jana Volejnikova, Vladimir Mihal
BACKGROUND: Numerous articles related to S100 proteins have been recently published. This review aims to introduce this large protein family and its importance in the diagnostics of many pathological conditions in children and adults. DATA SOURCES: Based on original publications found in database systems, we summarize the current knowledge about the S100 protein group and highlight the most important proteins with focus on pediatric use. RESULTS: The S100 family is composed of Ca2+  and Zn2+  binding proteins, which are present only in vertebrates...
June 1, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852486/title-page-sharing-progress-in-neonatology-spin-moving-towards-individualized-prenatal-and-neonatal-care
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852485/sharing-progress-in-neonatology-spin-moving-towards-individualized-prenatal-and-neonatal-care
#7
Egbert Herting, Tore Curstedt, Henry L Halliday, Mikko Hallman, Ola D Saugstad, Christian P Speer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852484/clinical-metabolomics-in-neonatology-from-metabolites-to-diseases
#8
Vassilios Fanos, Roberta Pintus, Angelica Dessì
Today, disorders that affect the newborn remain a challenge for physicians because of the enigmatic pathophysiology and difficulties in treating such delicate patients. Metabolomics, the "omics" science that studies the metabolome, namely the metabolites present in biological fluids, such as saliva, blood, sweat, and breast milk in a given time or condition, can be useful in helping neonatologists to prevent, diagnose, and treat diseases affecting the neonate, especially those with higher mortality rates...
2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852483/abstracts-sharing-progress-in-neonatology-spin-moving-towards-individualized-prenatal-and-neonatal-care
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846961/failure-mode-effect-and-criticality-analysis-of-the-parenteral-nutrition-process-in-a-mother-child-hospital-the-ameliore-study
#10
Marianne Boulé, Sophie Lachapelle, Laurence Collin-Lévesque, Émile Demers, Christina Nguyen, Marylou Fournier-Tondreau, Maxime Thibault, Denis Lebel, Jean-François Bussières
BACKGROUND: The parenteral nutrition (PN) process is complex and involves multiple steps and substeps, especially in pediatrics and neonatology, given the particular needs of these patients. The objective of this study was to perform a critical analysis of the PN process at the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine to determine which potential pitfalls are related to this process and which should be prioritized when implementing corrective measures. METHODS: This is a Failure Mode, Effect, and Criticality Analysis (FMECA) study...
May 30, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802805/how-many-procedures-do-uk-paediatric-trainees-perform-in-their-neonatal-posts
#11
Sridhar M Ramaiah, Naveen Athiraman, Yincent Tse
The UK training programme typically takes 8 years full time equivalent to become a paediatric consultant but can be shortened to as little as five years if deemed competent. At minimum trainees complete two six months posts in neonatology, one at level 1 Specialty training (ST 1-3) and another at level 2 training (ST 4-5) during their paediatric training programme. According to the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health curriculum (1), by end of ST 5 training year the competent paediatric registrar will 'be able to provide and lead basic and advanced neonatal resuscitation' and 'be able to intubate sick newborn infants without direct supervision...
May 26, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799887/-thyroid-hormone-levels-in-very-preterm-neonates-and-extremely-preterm
#12
Carlos Kilchemmann F, Andrés Román N, Marcela Navarrete R, Denisse Fuentes B
INTRODUCTION: The thyroid function of the pretern infant is altered by the relative immaturity of the hypothalamus-pituitary thyroid gland axis, along with other factors such as the incidence of diseases or the use of some drugs. Currently, there is controversy over normal levels of free thyroxine (FT4) in preterm infants. Our objective was to determine the distribution of FT4 and TSH values in newborn younger than 32 weeks or 1500 g of birth weight at 15 days of chronological age, in the neonatology service at Dr...
April 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791620/intervention-time-until-discharge-for-newborns-on-transition-from-gavage-to-exclusive-oral-feeding
#13
Andréa Monteiro Correia Medeiros, Blenda Karen Batista Ramos, Déborah Letticia Santana Santos Bomfim, Conceição Lima Alvelos, Talita Cardoso da Silva, Ikaro Daniel de Carvalho Barreto, Felipe Batista Santos, Ricardo Queiroz Gurgel
Purpose Measure the intervention time required for transition from gavage to exclusive oral feeding, comparing newborns exposed exclusively to the mother's breast with those who, in addition to breastfeeding, received supplementation using a cup or baby bottle. Methods Analytical, longitudinal, cohort study conducted with 165 newborns (NB) divided into groups according to severity of medical complications (G1-with no complications; G2-with significant complications), and into subgroups according to feeding mechanism (A and B)...
2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783824/-clinical-analysis-of-seven-cases-of-rare-hemolytic-disease-of-the-newborn
#14
S Gu, H X Wang, C Y Yang, X F Yang, Y Lin, Y Zhong, J P He, Y J Wang
Objective: To summarize the clinical features of 7 rare cases of hemolytic disease of newborn (HDN), and to improve the understanding of rare HDN. Methods: Data of clinical information, laboratory findings, treatments and outcomes were collected and analyzed for four cases with HDN due to anti-M, two cases due to anti-Kidd, and one case due to anti-Duffy. All of them were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medial University from July 2007 to June 2017...
May 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782437/skin-injuries-and-chlorhexidine-gluconate-based-antisepsis-in-early-premature-infants-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Valentina Vanzi, Rosanna Pitaro
Early premature infants are subjected to many invasive procedures in neonatal intensive care units, and effective skin antisepsis is an essential step in caring for these vulnerable patients. Nevertheless, preterm infants have an anatomically and physiologically immature skin and preserving their skin integrity is essential to avoid the risk of local and systemic complications. Skin particularities of newborns reduce the list of available antiseptics in neonatology. Chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) has excellent antiseptic properties and its antimicrobial efficacy cannot be understated, but there is great concern about its use for premature infants, referring to the risk of development skin injuries, such as skin erythema, burns, and blisters...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777898/a-survey-of-health-professionals-views-on-acceptable-gestational-age-and-termination-of-pregnancy-for-fetal-anomaly
#16
Lisa Crowe, Ruth H Graham, Stephen C Robson, Judith Rankin
Termination of pregnancy for fetal anomaly is legal in the UK with no upper limit, if two doctors, in good faith, agree "there is a substantial risk that if the child were born it would suffer from such physical or mental abnormalities as to be seriously handicapped". This is Clause E of the Human Fertlisation and Embryology Act. The most commonly sighted Clause is C, which states "the pregnancy has not exceeded its twenty-fourth week and that the continuance of the pregnancy would involve risk, greater than if the pregnancy were terminated, of injury to the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman"...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764714/bronchoscopic-resection-of-a-tracheobronchial-leiomyoma-in-a-pregnant-patient
#17
K Falce, E Guy, D Hyman, T Hotze, D Lazarus, V Bandi, J Parchem, C Davidson, U Munnur
Flexible bronchoscopy, therapeutic bronchoscopy and other procedures requiring anesthesia are generally avoided in pregnancy and postponed until after delivery if possible. We report a case of a parturient with an abnormal chest radiograph and mild obstructive symptoms of unknown etiology. At bronchoscopy, a tumor associated with post-obstructive suppuration was found and excised using electrocautery snare and cryotherapy, for restoration of airway patency. Coordination between pulmonary, obstetric, anesthesia, neonatology and thoracic surgery services was essential in ensuring success and the safety of the mother and fetus...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762472/weaning-time-in-preterm-infants-an-audit-of-italian-primary-care-paediatricians
#18
Maria Elisabetta Baldassarre, Antonio Di Mauro, Annarita Pedico, Valentina Rizzo, Manuela Capozza, Fabio Meneghin, Gianluca Lista, Nicola Laforgia
INTRODUCTION: According to the 2016 Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) data in Italy, about 6.7% of all newborns are born prematurely. Due to the lack of data on current complementary feeding in preterm infants in Italy, the aim of the survey was to evaluate individual attitudes of primary care paediatricians, concerning the introduction of complementary foods in preterm infants. METHODS: An internet-based survey was conducted among primary care paediatricians, working in Italy, regarding (1) timing of the introduction of complementary foods to preterm newborns; (2) type of complementary foods introduced; (3) vitamin D and iron supplementations...
May 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761674/screening-arab-israeli-pregnant-women-for-group-b-streptococcus-by-the-amplivue-gbs-assay-are-the-rates-higher-than-the-national-average
#19
Marwan Hakim, Adel Jabour, Miriam Anton, Meggie Hakim, Sahar Kheirallah
BACKGROUND: The recommendation of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention regarding universal screening for Group B Streptococcus (GBS) at 35-37 weeks gestational age in pregnancy is not accepted in Israel. The National Council for Obstetrics, Neonatology and Genetics recommends intrapartum prophylaxis, mainly based on risk factors, to prevent early neonatal GBS infection. This policy is based on past studies demonstrating low colonization rates of the bacteria in Israeli pregnant women and very low neonatal sepsis rates...
May 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754867/assessing-ethics-knowledge-development-of-a-test-of-ethics-knowledge-in-neonatology
#20
Christy L Cummings, Gina M Geis, Henry A Feldman, Elisa R Berson, Jennifer C Kesselheim
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate the Test of Ethics Knowledge in Neonatology (TEK-Neo) with good internal consistency reliability, item performance, and construct validity that reliably assesses interprofessional staff and trainee knowledge of neonatal ethics. STUDY DESIGN: We adapted a published test of ethics knowledge for use in neonatology. The novel instrument had 46 true/false questions distributed among 7 domains of neonatal ethics: ethical principles, professionalism, genetic testing, beginning of life/viability, end of life, informed permission/decision making, and research ethics...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
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