keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

neonatologi

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664875/do-not-resuscitate-orders-in-the-neonatal-icu-experiences-and-beliefs-among-staff
#1
Bonnie H Arzuaga, C Lydia Wraight, Christy L Cummings, Wenyang Mao, David Miedema, Dara D Brodsky
OBJECTIVES: Studies in adult patients have shown that do-not-resuscitate orders are often associated with decreased medical intervention. In neonatology, this phenomenon has not been investigated, and how do-not-resuscitate orders potentially affect clinical care is unknown. DESIGN: Retrospective medical record data review and staff survey responses about neonatal ICU do-not-resuscitate orders. SETTING: Four academic neonatal ICUs. SUBJECTS: Clinical staff members working in each neonatal ICU...
April 16, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656825/parenteral-nutrition-for-preterm-infants-issues-and-strategy
#2
D Darmaun, A Lapillonne, U Simeoni, J-C Picaud, J-C Rozé, E Saliba, A Bocquet, J-P Chouraqui, C Dupont, F Feillet, M-L Frelut, J-P Girardet, D Turck, A Briend
Due to transient gut immaturity, most very preterm infants receive parenteral nutrition (PN) in the first few weeks of life. Yet providing enough protein and energy to sustain optimal growth in such infants remains a challenge. Extrauterine growth restriction is frequently observed in very preterm infants at the time of discharge from hospital, and has been found to be associated with later impaired neurodevelopment. A few recent randomized trials suggest that intensified PN can improve early growth; whether or not such early PN improves long-term neurological outcome is still unclear...
April 12, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643892/association-of-in-hospital-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-aki-with-etiology-among-newborns-at-a-tertiary-care-unit
#3
Muhammad Asghar Ali, Abdur Rehman, Ejaz Ahmed
Objective: To determine association of in-hospital outcome of AKI with etiology in newborns at a tertiary care hospital. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Department of Pediatric Neonatology, The Children's Hospital and Institute of the Child Health, Multan by using non-probability purposive sampling technique from June 2016 to June 2017. A total of 101 newborns diagnosed with acute kidney injury were registered. Etiological factors were assessed and these patients were followed till discharge to monitor in-hospital outcomes...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627403/ventilatory-practices-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-in-a-level-iii-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#4
S Abreu-Pereira, R Pinto-Lopes, F Flôr-de-Lima, G Rocha, H Guimarães
INTRODUCTION: Although non-invasive forms of ventilation have recently spread in neonatology, invasive ventilation still plays a key role in the support of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. The purpose of this study was to assess changes in neonatal ventilation practices for ELBW infants and compare outcomes between two epochs (2005-2009 vs. 2010-2015) to analyze progression stemming from the implementation of newer clinical guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study with data collection from all ELBW infants born between 2005 and 2015 in our center through their individual clinical records...
April 4, 2018: Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618234/patient-safety-culture-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-and-neonatology-units-the-nurses-and-the-midwives-opinion-patient-safety-culture
#5
Janina Ribeliene, Aurelija Blazeviciene, Ruta Jolanta Nadisauskiene, Rasa Tameliene, Ausrele Kudreviciene, Irena Nedzelskiene, Jurate Macijauskiene
BACKGROUND: Patients treated in healthcare facilities that provide services in the fields of obstetrics, gynecology, and neonatology are especially vulnerable. Large multidisciplinary teams of physicians, multiple invasive and noninvasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, and the use of advanced technologies increase the probability of adverse events.The evaluation of knowledge about patient safety culture among nurses and midwives working in such units and the identification of critical areas at a healthcare institution would reduce the number of adverse events and improve patient safety...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610991/the-viability-of-probiotics-in-water-breast-milk-and-infant-formula
#6
Claire Watkins, Kiera Murphy, Eugene M Dempsey, Brendan P Murphy, Paul W O'Toole, R Paul Ross, Catherine Stanton, C Anthony Ryan
The aim of this study was to determine bacteriological stability of a probiotic mixture dispersed in various diluents. The commercially available probiotic (Infloran®), containing Bifidobacterium bifidum (109  CFU/250 mg tablet) and Lactobacillus acidophilus (109  CFU/250 mg tablet), was dispersed within expressed breast milk, sterile water, and infant formula and examined at temperatures of 4 and 21 °C. When stored at 4 °C, significant decreases (P < 0.05) in the level of L. acidophilus and B...
April 2, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608321/management-of-pregnancy-sensitized-with-anti-inb-with-monocyte-monolayer-assay-and-maternal-blood-donation
#7
Raj Shree, Kimberly K Ma, Lay S Er, Meghan Delaney
Maternal red blood cell (RBC) alloantibodies can cause hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN). Although much is described about common antibodies associated with HDFN, management of a pregnancy complicated by a maternal rare antibody presents several challenges related to assessment of fetal anemia risk, availability of blood for transfusion to the mother and/or the fetus or newborn if needed, and planning for delivery in the case of maternal hemorrhage. Here we report the laboratory medicine workup of a patient who presented for obstetrical care in the United States in the third trimester and had a rare antibody (anti-Inb)...
January 2018: Immunohematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608128/prenatal-and-postnatal-mother-to-child-transmission-of-acculturation-s-health-effects-in-hispanic-americans
#8
Molly Fox, Zaneta M Thayer, Isabel F Ramos, Sarah J Meskal, Pathik D Wadhwa
BACKGROUND: Hispanic Americans consistently exhibit an intergenerational increase in the prevalence of many noncommunicable chronic physical and mental disorders. METHODS: We review and synthesize evidence suggesting that a constellation of prenatal and postnatal factors may play crucial roles in explaining this trend. We draw from relevant literature across several disciplines, including epidemiology, anthropology, psychology, medicine (obstetrics, neonatology), and developmental biology...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593226/caffeine-augments-anesthesia-neurotoxicity-in-the-fetal-macaque-brain
#9
Kevin K Noguchi, Stephen A Johnson, Francesca M Manzella, Kobe L Masuoka, Sasha L Williams, Lauren D Martin, Gregory A Dissen, Chrysanthy Ikonomidou, Katie J Schenning, John W Olney, Ansgar M Brambrink
Caffeine is the most frequently used medication in premature infants. It is the respiratory stimulant of choice for apnea associated with prematurity and has been called the silver bullet in neonatology because of many proven benefits and few known risks. Research has revealed that sedative/anesthetic drugs trigger apoptotic death of neurons and oligodendrocytes in developing mammalian brains. Here we evaluated the influence of caffeine on the neurotoxicity of anesthesia in developing nonhuman primate brains...
March 28, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576209/-intervention-and-role-of-the-paediatrician-in-the-delivery-room
#10
Yohan Sorèze
Some newborns require the presence of a paediatrician in the delivery room, for emergency care. This generally leads to hospitalisation in neonatal intensive care or neonatology. Prematurity and respiratory distress are the main causes. These unexpected situations are a source of anxiety for the parents. It is essential that the multidisciplinary team draws on both its technical and relational expertise, in order to provide optimal treatment to the infant while supporting the parents with the necessary empathy...
March 2018: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566381/the-research-cycle-improving-care-and-outcomes-for-newborn-infants
#11
William McGuire, Henry L Halliday
Ensuring that policies and practice in perinatal care are informed by evidence from high-quality research is fundamental to improving outcomes for newborn infants and their families. Effective interventions in the perinatal period can have a life-long impact disproportionate to their costs. Many of the major advances in care that have transformed outcomes for preterm and sick newborn infants have been informed by empirical and applied health research. Conversely, there are examples of life-long adverse consequences for infants and families that are a legacy of practices based on poor-quality evidence...
March 22, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564635/-pain-therapy-for-premature-babies-and-neonates
#12
M Richter, B Seipolt
Pain is a central topic on neonatal intensive care units (NICU). Acute as well as prolonged (continuous and chronic) pain frequently occurs. Due to a lack of validated physiological measurement instruments for pain (e. g. saliva cortisol, skin conductance and heart rate variability) pain in neonatology can only be assessed by external observation through the bedside team with pain scores using a regular, standardized procedure. During this very vulnerable period pain and medications (analgesics/sedatives) can negatively influence the brain development of premature babies and neonates...
March 21, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550819/red-blood-cell-transfusion-in-preterm-infants-current-evidence-and-controversies
#13
Claire Howarth, Jayanta Banerjee, Narendra Aladangady
The current evidence regarding the indication, advantages and risks of red blood cell transfusion (RBCT) for preterm infants is discussed. This is an important area in Neonatology to be examined given that 90% of extremely low birth weight infants receive RBCT and many controversies remain regarding when to transfuse and the risks of RBCT. The various treatment thresholds and guidelines used are presented and we compare the short-term clinical benefits of liberal and restrictive RBCT in preterm infants; the majority of these are equivocal and sadly long-term outcome data is limited...
March 16, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545621/a-directory-for-neonatal-intensive-care-potential-for-facilitating-network-based-research-in-neonatology
#14
Ronald L Ariagno, Henry C Lee, David K Stevenson, Daniel K Benjamin, P Brian Smith, Marilyn B Escobedo, Dilip R Bhatt
Directories of contact information have evolved over time from thick paperback times such as the "Yellow Pages" to electronic forms that are searchable and have other functionalities. In our clinical specialty, the development of a professional directory helped to promote collaboration in clinical care, education, and quality improvement. However, there are opportunities for increasing the utility of the directory by taking advantage of modern web-based tools, and expanding the use of the directory to fill a gap in the area of collaborative research...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530115/-relationship-between-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-preterm-infants
#15
Ling-Rong Yang, Hua Li, Tong Zhang, Ru-Cui Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of vitamin D level with the development of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants. METHODS: A total of 429 preterm infants with a gestational age of <36 weeks, who were admitted to the department of neonatology within 2 hours after birth between January and December, 2016, were enrolled in the study. According to whether these infants developed NEC, the 429 subjects were divided into NEC group (n=22) and non-NEC group (n=407)...
March 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526348/interventions-in-the-operating-room-for-children-near-end-of-life-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#16
Marianne Goudreault, Nago Humbert, France Gauvin, Monia Marzouki, Catherine K Beaumier, Dickens St-Vil, Nelson Piché
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric surgeons are often involved in the management of severely or terminally ill patients. However, articles addressing their specific roles in the context of palliative care are almost inexistent. We sought to characterize the involvement of pediatric surgeons caring for children near end of life. METHODS: Chart review of children who had a procedure under general anesthesia within 6months of their death over a five-year period at a tertiary children's hospital (excluding traumas and neonatology cases)...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511924/citation-classics-in-pediatrics-a-bibliometric-analysis
#17
Viswas Chhapola, Soumya Tiwari, Bobbity Deepthi, Sandeep Kumar Kanwal
BACKGROUND: Citation analysis provides insights into the history and developmental trajectory of scientific fields. Our objective was to perform an analysis of citation classics in the journals of pediatric specialty and to examine their characteristics. METHODS: Initially, all the journals listed under the category of pediatrics (n = 120) were identified using Journal Citation Reports. Web of science database was then searched (1950-2016) to select the top-100 cited articles in the above identified pediatric journals...
March 6, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509212/the-script-concordance-test-as-a-tool-to-evaluate-clinical-reasoning-in-neonatology
#18
Emira Ben Hamida, Imen Ayadi, Zahra Marrakchi, André Quinton
BACKGROUND: Script concordance test aims to evaluate knowledge organization, which represents an essential component of the clinical competence. OBJECTIVE: To build a script concordance test and demonstrate its relevance in the evaluation of Neonatology skills. METHODS: A script concordance test including 20 vignettes and 20 items, was provided to 52 fourth year medical students and 11 family medicine interns. RESULTS: Script concordance test scores obtained by experts were higher then those obtained by students and family medicine interns...
May 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507022/pregnancy-in-a-patient-with-portal-hypertension-secondary-to-liver-cirrhosis
#19
Faith Jelagat Lelei-Mailu, Charles Muriuki Mariara
This case report is of a 32-year-old woman of African descent on follow-up for pregnancy in the background of portal hypertension due to liver cirrhosis. She had initially been treated for chronic hepatitis B infection with lamivudine and tenofovir, complicated by portal hypertension and variceal bleeding that thrice required banding. Her pregnancy was uneventful until 31 weeks gestation when she presented with dyspnoea. On examination and investigation, she had oedema, bilateral pleural effusions and ascites...
March 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504333/spectrum-of-congenital-heart-disease-in-full-term-neonates
#20
Saima Bibi, Syed Yasir Hussain Gilani, Shawana Bibi
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease is a significant problem world over especially in neonates. Early diagnosis and prompt interventions in neonatal period precludes the mortality associated with this disorder. The objective of this study was to highlight the diversity of congenital cardiac defects in our region so that appropriate interventions are devised to minimize significant morbidity and mortality associated with this disorder. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the Neonatology Unit of Department of Paediatrics, Ayub Teaching Hospital from January 2015 to December 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
keyword
keyword
75839
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"