keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Superior colliculus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539242/manganese-enhanced-mr-imaging-memri-combined-with-electrophysiology-in-the-study-of-cross-modal-plasticity-in-binocularly-blind-rats
#1
Zuohua Tang, Lingjie Wu, Zebin Xiao, Xinghuai Sun, Xiaoyuan Feng, Qian Chen, Jiawen Fan, Jie Wang, Wentao Wang, Jianfeng Luo, Lixin Jin
Our study aimed to determine and verify the establishment of visual to auditory cross-modal plasticity using manganese-enhanced MR imaging (MEMRI) combined with examinations of the visual evoked potential (VEP), auditory brainstem response (ABR) and bilateral visual cortex response to a bilateral auditory stimulus (AVR). Fourteen healthy male Sprague-Dawley newborn rats were randomly divided into 2 groups (n=7 per group). Optic nerve transection was performed in the 7 rats of Group A three weeks after birth to obtain binocularly blind models, and the 7 rats of Group B were maintained as the control group...
May 21, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533384/changes-in-perceptual-sensitivity-related-to-spatial-cues-depends-on-subcortical-activity
#2
Lee P Lovejoy, Richard J Krauzlis
Spatial cues allow animals to selectively attend to relevant visual stimuli while ignoring distracters. This process depends on a distributed neuronal network, and an important current challenge is to understand the functional contributions made by individual brain regions within this network and how these contributions interact. Recent findings point to a possible anatomical segregation, with cortical and subcortical brain regions contributing to different functional components of selective attention. Cortical areas, especially visual cortex, may be responsible for implementing changes in perceptual sensitivity by changing the signal-to-noise ratio, whereas other regions, such as the superior colliculus, may be involved in processes that influence selection between competing stimuli without regulating perceptual sensitivity...
May 22, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528360/a-spiking-neural-network-model-of-the-midbrain-superior-colliculus-that-generates-saccadic-motor-commands
#3
Bahadir Kasap, A John van Opstal
Single-unit recordings suggest that the midbrain superior colliculus (SC) acts as an optimal controller for saccadic gaze shifts. The SC is proposed to be the site within the visuomotor system where the nonlinear spatial-to-temporal transformation is carried out: the population encodes the intended saccade vector by its location in the motor map (spatial), and its trajectory and velocity by the distribution of firing rates (temporal). The neurons' burst profiles vary systematically with their anatomical positions and intended saccade vectors, to account for the nonlinear main-sequence kinematics of saccades...
May 20, 2017: Biological Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521141/indirect-pathway-of-caudal-basal-ganglia-for-rejection-of-valueless-visual-objects
#4
Hyoung F Kim, Hidetoshi Amita, Okihide Hikosaka
The striatum controls behavior in two ways: facilitation and suppression through the direct and indirect pathways, respectively. However, it is still unclear what information is processed in these pathways. To address this question, we studied two pathways originating from the primate caudate tail (CDt). We found that the CDt innervated the caudal-dorsal-lateral part of the substantia nigra pars reticulata (cdlSNr), directly or indirectly through the caudal-ventral part of the globus pallidus externus (cvGPe)...
May 17, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498493/involvement-of-microglia-in-early-axoglial-alterations-of-the-optic-nerve-induced-by-experimental-glaucoma
#5
Melina P Bordone, María F González Fleitas, Laura A Pasquini, Alejandra Bosco, Pablo H Sande, Ruth E Rosenstein, Damián Dorfman
Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness, characterized by retinal ganglion cell (RGC) loss and optic nerve (ON) damage. Cumulative evidence suggests glial cell involvement in the degeneration of the ON and RGCs. We analyzed the contribution of microglial reactivity to early axoglial alterations of the ON in an induced model of ocular hypertension. For this purpose, vehicle or chondroitin sulfate (CS) were weekly injected into the eye anterior chamber from Wistar rats for different intervals. The amount of Brn3a(+) RGC significantly decreased in CS-injected eyes for 10 and 15 (but not 6) weeks...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487639/reticular-formation-connections-underlying-horizontal-gaze-the-central-mesencephalic-reticular-formation-cmrf-as-a-conduit-for-the-collicular-saccade-signal
#6
Niping Wang, Eddie Perkins, Lan Zhou, Susan Warren, Paul J May
The central mesencephalic reticular formation (cMRF) occupies much of the core of the midbrain tegmentum. Physiological studies indicate that it is involved in controlling gaze changes, particularly horizontal saccades. Anatomically, it receives input from the ipsilateral superior colliculus (SC) and it has downstream projections to the brainstem, including the horizontal gaze center located in the paramedian pontine reticular formation (PPRF). Consequently, it has been hypothesized that the cMRF plays a role in the spatiotemporal transformation needed to convert spatially coded collicular saccade signals into the temporally coded signals utilized by the premotor neurons of the horizontal gaze center...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468998/rapid-accumulation-of-inhibition-accounts-for-saccades-curved-away-from-distractors
#7
Devin Heinze Kehoe, Mazyar Fallah
Saccades curved towards a distractor are accompanied by a burst of neuronal activation at the distractor locus in the intermediate layers of the superior colliculus (SCi) ~30 ms prior to the initiation of a saccade (McPeek et al., 2003; Port and Wurtz, 2003). Although saccades curve away from inactivated SCi loci (Aizawa and Wurtz, 1998), whether inhibition is restricted to a similar critical epoch for saccades curved away from a distractor remains unclear (White et al., 2012). We examined this possibility by modeling human saccade curvature as a function of the time between onset of a task irrelevant luminance- or color-modulated distractor and initiation of an impending saccade, referred to as saccade distractor onset asynchrony (SDOA)...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466070/a-cre-mouse-line-for-probing-irradiance-and-direction-encoding-retinal-networks
#8
Shai Sabbah, Daniel Berg, Carin Papendorp, Kevin L Briggman, David M Berson
Cell type-specific Cre driver lines have revolutionized the analysis of retinal cell types and circuits. We show that the transgenic mouse Rbp4-Cre selectively labels several retinal neuronal types relevant to the encoding of absolute light intensity (irradiance) and visual motion. In the ganglion cell layer (GCL), most marked cells are wide-field spiking polyaxonal amacrine cells (ACs) with sustained irradiance-encoding ON responses that persist during chemical synaptic blockade. Their arbors spread about 1 mm across the retina and are restricted to the inner half of the ON sublamina of the inner plexiform layer (IPL)...
March 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461138/distribution-of-asic4-transcripts-in-the-adult-wild-type-mouse-brain
#9
M Hoshikawa, A Kato, H Hojo, Y Shibata, N Kumamoto, M Watanabe, S Ugawa
Acid-sensing ion channel 4 (ASIC4) belongs to the ASIC gene family of neuronal proton-gated cation channels, and is the least understood subtype among the members. Previous studies of ASIC4 expression in the mammalian central nervous system have shown that ASIC4 is abundantly expressed in the spinal cord and in various brain regions, such as the cerebral cortex, the hippocampus, and the cerebellum. However, the detailed distribution of ASIC4 transcripts in mammalian brains still remains to be elucidated. In the present study, radioactive in situ hybridization histochemistry with an ASIC4-specific cRNA probe was performed on wild-type mouse brains, followed by X-gal staining experiments with Asic4-lacZ reporter mice Asic4(tm1a(KOMP)Mbp)...
April 29, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458646/commentary-express-saccades-and-superior-colliculus-responses-are-sensitive-to-short-wavelength-cone-contrast
#10
COMMENT
Olivier A Coubard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450539/multisensory-integration-uses-a-real-time-unisensory-multisensory-transform
#11
Ryan L Miller, Barry E Stein, Benjamin A Rowland
The manner in which the brain integrates different sensory inputs to facilitate perception and behavior has been the subject of numerous speculations. By examining multisensory neurons in cat superior colliculus, the present study demonstrated that two operational principles are sufficient to understand how this remarkable result is achieved: (1) unisensory signals are integrated continuously and in real time as soon as they arrive at their common target neuron and (2) the resultant multisensory computation is modified in shape and timing by a delayed, calibrating inhibition...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450538/modulation-of-illusory-reversal-in-tactile-temporal-order-by-the-phase-of-posterior-alpha-rhythm
#12
Toshimitsu Takahashi, Shigeru Kitazawa
The subjective temporal order of tactile stimuli, delivered sequentially to each hand with an interval of 100-300 ms, is often inverted when the arms are crossed. Based on data from behavioral and neuroimaging studies, it has been proposed that the reversal is due to a conflict between anatomical and spatial representations of the tactile signal or to the production of an inverted apparent motion signal. Because the alpha rhythms, which consist of a few distinct components, reportedly modulate tactile perception and apparent motion and serve as a 10 Hz timer, we hypothesized that the illusory reversal would be regulated by some of the alpha rhythms...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443002/to-wait-or-not-to-wait-separate-mechanisms-in-the-oculomotor-circuit-of-basal-ganglia
#13
Masaharu Yasuda, Okihide Hikosaka
We reach a goal immediately after detecting the target, or later by withholding the immediate action. Each time, we choose one of these actions by suppressing the other. How does the brain control these antagonistic actions? We hypothesized that the output of basal ganglia (BG), substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr), suppresses antagonistic oculomotor signals by sending strong inhibitory output to superior colliculus (SC). To test this hypothesis, we trained monkeys to perform two kinds of saccade task: Immediate (visually guided) and delayed (visually-withheld but memory-guided) saccade tasks...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424576/defensive-vocalizations-and-motor-asymmetry-triggered-by-disinhibition-of-the-periaqueductal-gray-in-non-human-primates
#14
Patrick A Forcelli, Hannah F Waguespack, Ludise Malkova
Rapid and reflexive responses to threats are present across phylogeny. The neural circuitry mediating reflexive defense reactions has been well-characterized in a variety of species, for example, in rodents and cats, the detection of and species-typical response to threats is mediated by a network of structures including the midbrain tectum (deep and intermediate layers of the superior colliculus [DLSC]), periaqueductal gray (PAG), and forebrain structures such as the amygdala and hypothalamus. However, relatively little is known about the functional architecture of defense circuitry in primates...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413825/color-change-detection-activity-in-the-primate-superior-colliculus
#15
James P Herman, Richard J Krauzlis
The primate superior colliculus (SC) is a midbrain structure that participates in the control of spatial attention. Previous studies examining the role of the SC in attention have mostly used luminance-based visual features (e.g., motion, contrast) as the stimuli and saccadic eye movements as the behavioral response, both of which are known to modulate the activity of SC neurons. To explore the limits of the SC's involvement in the control of spatial attention, we recorded SC neuronal activity during a task using color, a visual feature dimension not traditionally associated with the SC, and required monkeys to detect threshold-level changes in the saturation of a cued stimulus by releasing a joystick during maintained fixation...
March 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407001/effect-of-hypoxia-on-the-retina-and-superior-colliculus-of-neonatal-pigs
#16
Noelia Ruzafa, Carmen Rey-Santano, Victoria Mielgo, Xandra Pereiro, Elena Vecino
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of hypoxia on the neonatal pig retina and brain, we analysed the retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and neurons in the superior colliculus, as well as the response of astrocytes in both these central nervous system (CNS) structures. METHODS: Newborn pigs were exposed to 120 minutes of hypoxia, induced by decreasing the inspiratory oxygen fraction (FiO2: 10-15%), followed by a reoxygenation period of 240 minutes (FiO2: 21-35%). RGCs were quantified using Brn3a, a specific nuclear marker for these cells, and apoptosis was assessed through the appearance of active caspase-3...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392756/brain-metabolic-changes-in-rats-following-acoustic-trauma
#17
Jun He, Yejin Zhu, Jiye Aa, Paul F Smith, Dirk De Ridder, Guangji Wang, Yiwen Zheng
Acoustic trauma is the most common cause of hearing loss and tinnitus in humans. However, the impact of acoustic trauma on system biology is not fully understood. It has been increasingly recognized that tinnitus caused by acoustic trauma is unlikely to be generated by a single pathological source, but rather a complex network of changes involving not only the auditory system but also systems related to memory, emotion and stress. One obvious and significant gap in tinnitus research is a lack of biomarkers that reflect the consequences of this interactive "tinnitus-causing" network...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388698/the-magnification-factor-accounts-for-the-greater-hypometria-and-imprecision-of-larger-saccades-evidence-from-a-parametric-human-behavioral-study
#18
Françoise Vitu, Soazig Casteau, Hossein Adeli, Gregory J Zelinsky, Eric Castet
Saccades quite systematically undershoot a peripheral visual target by about 10% of its eccentricity while becoming more variable, mainly in amplitude, as the target becomes more peripheral. This undershoot phenomenon has been interpreted as the strategic adjustment of saccadic gain downstream of the superior colliculus (SC), where saccades are programmed. Here, we investigated whether the eccentricity-related increase in saccades' hypometria and imprecision might not instead result from overrepresentation of space closer to the fovea in the SC and visual-cortical areas...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379979/rat-superior-colliculus-neurons-respond-to-large-visual-stimuli-flashed-outside-the-classical-receptive-field
#19
Juntaute Bytautiene, Gytis Baranauskas
Spatial integration of visual stimuli is a crucial step in visual information processing yet it is often unclear where this integration takes place in the visual system. In the superficial layers of the superior colliculus that form an early stage in visual information processing, neurons are known to have relatively small visual receptive fields, suggesting limited spatial integration. Here it is shown that at least for rats this conclusion may be wrong. Extracellular recordings in urethane-anaesthetized young adult rats (1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361990/a-retinoraphe-projection-regulates-serotonergic-activity-and-looming-evoked-defensive-behaviour
#20
Lu Huang, Tifei Yuan, Minjie Tan, Yue Xi, Yu Hu, Qian Tao, Zhikai Zhao, Jiajun Zheng, Yushui Han, Fuqiang Xu, Minmin Luo, Patricia J Sollars, Mingliang Pu, Gary E Pickard, Kwok-Fai So, Chaoran Ren
Animals promote their survival by avoiding rapidly approaching objects that indicate threats. In mice, looming-evoked defensive responses are triggered by the superior colliculus (SC) which receives direct retinal inputs. However, the specific neural circuits that begin in the retina and mediate this important behaviour remain unclear. Here we identify a subset of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) that controls mouse looming-evoked defensive responses through axonal collaterals to the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) and SC...
March 31, 2017: Nature Communications
keyword
keyword
75827
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"