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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071808/structure-and-feasibility-of-extra-practice-during-stroke-rehabilitation-a-systematic-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Claire Stewart, Annie McCluskey, Louise Ada, Suzanne Kuys
BACKGROUND/AIM: Improved motor performance is related to the amount of practice completed after a stroke. Australian guidelines recommend that at least one hour of active practice should be completed per day. Yet active practice levels remain low. The aims of this scoping review were to describe how extra practice at the activity level is structured for stroke survivors, and explore the feasibility of participants completing extra practice. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted of five electronic databases up to August 2015...
January 10, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065547/comparison-of-the-diabetes-guidelines-from-the-ada-easd-and-the-aace-ace
#2
Susan Cornell
OBJECTIVE: To compare recent diabetes guideline updates from the American Diabetes Association-European Association for the Study of Diabetes (ADA/EASD) and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists-American College of Endocrinology (AACE/ACE). SUMMARY: The ADA/EASD guideline continues to advocate a stepwise approach to glycemic control that initiates with metformin and intensifies treatment incrementally to dual and triple therapy at 3-month intervals until the patient is at their individualized goal...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053673/diagnostic-protocol-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-iadpsg-ada-2011-influence-on-the-occurrence-of-gdm-and-mild-gestational-hyperglycemia-mgh-and-on-the-perinatal-outcomes
#3
Mariana Pinto Sirimarco, Helena Maciel Guerra, Eduardo Guimarães Lisboa, Joice Monalisa Vernini, Bianca Nicolosi Cassetari, Roberto Antonio de Araujo Costa, Marilza Vieira Cunha Rudge, Iracema de Mattos Paranhos Calderon
BACKGROUND: In August 2011, the Specialized Center for Diabetes and Pregnancy of the Botucatu Medical School/Unesp adopted a new diagnostic protocol for gestational diabetes mellitus, recommended by the American Diabetes Association and the International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group. The glycemic profile was evaluated using the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) used to diagnose mild gestational hyperglycemia, recognized and treated in our department as gestational diabetes mellitus...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029759/americans-with-disabilities-act-ada-accessibility-guidelines-for-transportation-vehicles-final-rule
#4
(no author information available yet)
The Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board or Board) is issuing a final rule that revises its existing accessibility guidelines for non-rail vehicles--namely, buses, over-the-road buses, and vans--acquired or remanufactured by entities covered by the Americans with Disabilities Act. The revised guidelines ensure that such vehicles are readily accessible to, and usable by, individuals with disabilities. The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) is required to revise its accessibility standards for transportation vehicles acquired or remanufactured by entities covered by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) to be consistent with the final rule...
14, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989491/reference-intervals-for-c-peptide-and-insulin-derived-from-a-general-adult-danish-population
#5
Pia Bükmann Larsen, Allan Linneberg, Torben Hansen, Lennart Friis-Hansen
BACKGROUND: Despite international efforts to standardize C-peptide and insulin calibrators and immunoassays, platform dependent differences still exist, and platform specific reference intervals are hence needed for correct interpretation. We therefore wanted to establish traceable reference intervals for C-peptide and insulin. METHODS: In 623 consecutively recruited participants, insulin and C-peptide were measured using the Cobas e411 (Roche Diagnostics, Switzerland)...
December 16, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931466/evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-use-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants
#6
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: This article presents evidence-based clinical recommendations for the use of pit-and-fissure sealants on the occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent molars in children and adolescents. A guideline panel convened by the American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry conducted a systematic review and formulated recommendations to address clinical questions in relation to the efficacy, retention, and potential side effects of sealants to prevent dental caries; their efficacy compared with fluoride varnishes; and a head-to-head comparison of the different types of sealant material used to prevent caries on pits-and-fissures of occlusal surfaces...
October 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881363/association-between-prediabetes-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-all-cause-mortality-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Yuli Huang, Xiaoyan Cai, Weiyi Mai, Meijun Li, Yunzhao Hu
OBJECTIVES:  To evaluate associations between different definitions of prediabetes and the risk of cardiovascular disease and all cause mortality. DESIGN:  Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. DATA SOURCES:  Electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar). SELECTION CRITERIA:  Prospective cohort studies from general populations were included for meta-analysis if they reported adjusted relative risks with 95% confidence intervals for associations between the risk of composite cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, stroke, all cause mortality, and prediabetes...
November 23, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878641/dental-arch-spatial-changes-after-premature-loss-of-first-primary-molars-a-systematic-review-of-controlled-studies
#8
Eleftherios G Kaklamanos, Dimitra Lazaridou, Dimitra Tsiantou, Nikolaos Kotsanos, Athanasios E Athanasiou
Studies investigating dental arch spatial changes following first primary molar premature loss are controversial regarding clinical significance. The purpose of this review was to systematically investigate the relevant literature. Controlled studies investigating changes before and after premature loss of first primary molars were searched in various databases. Split-mouth design studies were considered eligible for inclusion. The risk of bias was judged according to ADA Clinical Practice Guidelines. Only two analyzable split-mouth studies on mandibular first primary molar loss were identified...
November 23, 2016: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859570/diabetes-incidence-and-prevalence-in-hong-kong-china-during-2006-2014
#9
J Quan, T K Li, H Pang, C H Choi, S C Siu, S Y Tang, N M Wat, J Woo, J M Johnston, G M Leung
AIMS: To estimate recent secular changes in the incidence and prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes among Hong Kong Chinese adults, and thus show possible future trends for developing mainland China. METHODS: Based on a complete census of the public sector health records of 6.4 million people from 2006 to 2014, diabetes cases were ascertained using different methods including the World Health Organization (WHO) 2011 guidelines (HbA1c , fasting plasma glucose and glucose tolerance test), American Diabetes Association (ADA) 2015 guidelines (plus random plasma glucose), and additionally recorded diagnosis codes and medication dispensation...
November 12, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832749/type-2-diabetes-compromises-the-value-of-non-invasively-measured-augmentation-index-in-predicting-the-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-hospital-based-observational-study
#10
Sijing Wu, Yujie Zhou, Yueping Li, Yuyang Liu, Dongmei Shi, Xiaoli Liu, Wei Liu, Yi Yu, Shuo Jia
BACKGROUND: Central hemodynamic indices have been demonstrated to correlate with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, in the context of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), this correlation has not been fully illustrated. Therefore, this study was employed to investigate the impact of DM on the correlation between aortic augmentation index and the severity of coronary artery disease. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed 197 patients who underwent coronary angiography at Anzhen Hospital from September 2015 to January 2016...
November 10, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761351/metabolic-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-public-hospital-in-peru-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-low-middle-income-country
#11
Irma Elizabeth Huayanay-Espinoza, Felix Guerra-Castañon, María Lazo-Porras, Ana Castaneda-Guarderas, Nimmy Josephine Thomas, Ana-Lucia Garcia-Guarniz, Augusto A Valdivia-Bustamante, Germán Málaga
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess patients' achievement of ADA (American Diabetes Association) guideline recommendations for glycosylated hemoglobin, lipid profile, and blood pressure in a type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) outpatient clinic in a low-middle income country (LMIC) setting. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study with 123 ambulatory T2DM patients who are being treated at a public hospital in Lima, Peru. Data was gathered via standardized interviews, clinical surveys, and anthropomorphic measurements for each patient...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754018/js-ksh-jsh-chl-01-1-cardio-metabolic-risks-in-hypertension-are-we-different-from-western-societies
#12
Hiroshi Itoh
Many hypertension guidelines have been published mainly from Western countries to standardize the management of hypertension all over the world, however, the significance of hypertension, along with other cardio-metabolic risks, such as obesity, diabetes or dyslipidemia should differ among different races. This paper compares the relevance of hypertension, one of the most important cardio-metabolic risk factors, in Asian and Western societies.1) Low target level of blood pressure control for diabetic hypertensives in JapanIn the Japanese Society of Hypertension Guidelines for the management of Hypertension (JSH2014), the target of blood pressure (BP) control in hypertensive patients with diabetes was set as < 130/80 mmHg...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730779/abdominal-tuberculosis
#13
Pravin Rathi, Pravir Gambhire
Abdomen is involved in 11% of patients with extra-pulmonary tuberculosis; The most common site of involvement is the ileocaecal region, other locations of involvement, in order of descending frequency, are the ascending colon, jejunum, appendix, duodenum, stomach, oesophagus, sigmoid colon, and rectum. Apart from the basic work up, Investigations like CT scan, EUS, Capsule endoscopy, Balloon enteroscopy, Ascitic fluid ADA, TB-PCR, GeneXpert, Laproscopy are being increasingly used to diagnose tuberculosis.Therapy with standard antituberculous drugs is usually highly effective for intestinal TB...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642936/js-ksh-jsh-chl-01-1-cardio-metabolic-risks-in-hypertension-are-we-different-from-western-societies
#14
Hiroshi Itoh
Many hypertension guidelines have been published mainly from Western countries to standardize the management of hypertension all over the world, however, the significance of hypertension, along with other cardio-metabolic risks, such as obesity, diabetes or dyslipidemia should differ among different races. This paper compares the relevance of hypertension, one of the most important cardio-metabolic risk factors, in Asian and Western societies.1) Low target level of blood pressure control for diabetic hypertensives in JapanIn the Japanese Society of Hypertension Guidelines for the management of Hypertension (JSH2014), the target of blood pressure (BP) control in hypertensive patients with diabetes was set as < 130/80 mmHg...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595390/diabetes-mellitus-treatment-related-medical-knowledge-among-health-care-providers
#15
Leena Shahla, Rahul Vasudev, Chandrika Chitturi, Cindy Rodriguez, Namrata Paul
OBJECTIVE: To compare the knowledge of physicians, residents and medical students in diagnosis, use of insulin and oral medication in management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) working in different healthcare specialties. METHODS: A cross sectional survey of faculty, residents and medical students of different subspecialties in a single center was conducted. Questionnaire consisting of 20 questions was used. These questions were designed to assess knowledge about diagnosis, nomenclature of different insulin/oral medications and management of DM...
August 22, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592587/adapting-clinical-guidelines-in-low-resources-countries-a-study-on-the-guideline-on-the-management-and-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-indonesia
#16
Indah S Widyahening, Grace Wangge, Yolanda van der Graaf, Geert J M G van der Heijden
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Most of the clinical guidelines in low-resource countries are adaptations from preexisting international guidelines. This adaptation can be problematic when those international guidelines are not based on current evidence or original evidence-based international guidelines are not followed. This study aims to evaluate the quality of an Indonesian type 2 diabetes mellitus guideline adapted from selected international guidelines. METHODS: The "Consensus on the Management and Prevention of type 2 Diabetes in Indonesia 2011" is a guideline by the Indonesian Society of Endocrinology (Perkeni)...
September 4, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579824/-act-on-threes-paradigm-for-treatment-intensification-of-type-2-diabetes-in-managed-care-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-study-with-an-educational-intervention-targeting-improved-glycemic-control
#17
Nella Bieszk, Shannon L Reynolds, Wenhui Wei, Cralen Davis, Pravin Kamble, Claudia Uribe
BACKGROUND: Clinical inertia, which has been defined as the recognition of a problem with a patient's management but failing to act, is a concern in type 2 diabetes (T2D) because it places the patient at risk of diabetes-related complications. Despite managed care organizations making significant investment in this area, little is known about the impact of educational programs aimed at aligning patients and their physicians with diabetes guidelines and thus overcoming clinical inertia...
September 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574744/-act-on-threes-paradigm-for-treatment-intensification-of-type-2-diabetes-in-managed-care-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-study-with-an-educational-intervention-targeting-improved-glycemic-control
#18
Nella Bieszk, Shannon L Reynolds, Wenhui Wei, Cralen Davis, Pravin Kamble, Claudia Uribe
BACKGROUND: Clinical inertia, which has been defined as the recognition of a problem with a patient's management but failing to act, is a concern in type 2 diabetes (T2D) because it places the patient at risk of diabetes-related complications. Despite managed care organizations making significant investment in this area, little is known about the impact of educational programs aimed at aligning patients and their physicians with diabetes guidelines and thus overcoming clinical inertia...
September 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555601/comparison-of-an-electronic-glycemic-management-system-versus-provider-managed-subcutaneous-basal-bolus-insulin-therapy-in-the-hospital-setting
#19
Joseph Aloi, Bruce W Bode, Jagdeesh Ullal, Paul Chidester, Raymie S McFarland, Amy E Bedingfield, Melanie Mabrey, Robby Booth, April Mumpower, Amisha Wallia
BACKGROUND: American Diabetes Association (ADA) guidelines recommend a basal bolus correction insulin regimen as the preferred method of treatment for non-critically ill hospitalized patients. However, achieving ADA glucose targets safely, without hypoglycemia, is challenging. In this study we evaluated the safety and efficacy of basal bolus subcutaneous (SubQ) insulin therapy managed by providers compared to a nurse-directed Electronic Glycemic Management System (eGMS). METHOD: This retrospective crossover study evaluated 993 non-ICU patients treated with subcutaneous basal bolus insulin therapy managed by a provider compared to an eGMS...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505988/health-concerns-of-heterotrophic-plate-count-hpc-bacteria-in-dental-equipment-water-lines
#20
Martin J Allen, Stephen C Edberg
There is an unsubstantiated concern as to the health relevance of HPC (heterotrophic plate count) bacteria in dental equipment waterlines. The American Dental Association (ADA) web site includes guidelines for controlling HPC populations and implies that HPC populations >500 CFU/mL as a "health" benchmark. The world-wide published literature including the United Nations fully examined this situation and concluded that HPC bacteria are not a health risk, but merely a general water quality parameter for all waters including dental water lines...
June 2016: American Journal of Dentistry
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