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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636456/healthcare-system-in-indonesia
#1
Suryanto, Virginia Plummer, Malcolm Boyle
The cultural diversity, its archipelago, and the major religion being Muslim have all influenced the development of the healthcare in Indonesia. The authors' objective is to describe the evolution of the healthcare system in Indonesia. Community-based health service, called puskesmas, is the key of the healthcare service in the country. The World Health Organization estimated that 64% of all deaths in Indonesia are caused by noncommunicable diseases, which might relate to the mostly unorganized prehospital care system...
June 21, 2017: Hospital Topics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633867/review-of-a-causal-role-of-fructose-containing-sugars-in-myocardial-susceptibility-to-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#2
REVIEW
Gerald J Maarman, Amy E Mendham, Kim Lamont, Cindy George
In 2012, the World Health Organization Global Status Report on noncommunicable diseases showed that 7.4 million deaths were due to ischemic heart disease. Consequently, cardiovascular disease is a significant health burden, especially when partnered with comorbidities such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Of note, these diseases can all be induced or exacerbated by diet. Carbohydrates, in particular, fructose and glucose, generally form the largest part of the human diet. Accumulating evidence from animal studies suggests that if large amounts of fructose are consumed either in isolation or in combination with glucose (fructose-containing sugars), myocardial susceptibility to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury increases...
June 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632767/how-is-indonesia-coping-with-its-epidemic-of-chronic-noncommunicable-diseases-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#3
Julia Schröders, Stig Wall, Mohammad Hakimi, Fatwa Sari Tetra Dewi, Lars Weinehall, Mark Nichter, Maria Nilsson, Hari Kusnanto, Ekowati Rahajeng, Nawi Ng
BACKGROUND: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have emerged as a huge global health problem in low- and middle-income countries. The magnitude of the rise of NCDs is particularly visible in Southeast Asia where limited resources have been used to address this rising epidemic, as in the case of Indonesia. Robust evidence to measure growing NCD-related burdens at national and local levels and to aid national discussion on social determinants of health and intra-country inequalities is needed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623056/the-prevalence-and-risk-factor-control-associated-with-noncommunicable-diseases-in-china-japan-and-korea
#4
Defu Ma, Hiromichi Sakai, Chihiro Wakabayashi, Jong-Sook Kwon, Yoonna Lee, Shuo Liu, Qiaoqin Wan, Kumiko Sasao, Kanade Ito, Ken Nishihara, Peiyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Noncommunicable disease (NCD) has become the leading cause of mortality and disease burden worldwide. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out to investigate the prevalence of NCDs and risk factor control on dietary behaviors and dietary intake in China, Japan, and Korea. RESULTS: There were significant differences among the three countries on the prevalence of hypertension (24.5% in China, 17.6% in Korea, and 15.2% in Japan), diabetes (8...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617183/hypermethylated-cpg-sites-in-the-mtr-gene-promoter-in-preterm-placenta
#5
Vinita V Khot, Dilip K Yadav, Smeeta Shrestha, Lovejeet Kaur, Deepali P Sundrani, Preeti M Chavan-Gautam, Savita S Mehendale, Giriraj R Chandak, Sadhana R Joshi
AIM: Altered maternal one-carbon metabolism influences placental DNA methylation patterns and 'programs' the fetus for noncommunicable diseases in adult life. EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES: Levels of plasma folate, vitamin B12, homocysteine, mRNA and protein levels of MTHFR and MTR enzymes in placenta were compared among women delivering preterm (n = 83) and term (n = 75). MTR promoter CpG methylation was undertaken. RESULTS: MTHFR and MTR mRNA levels were higher while protein levels were lower, and MTR CpG sites were hypermethylated in the preterm group, as compared with the term group...
June 15, 2017: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614474/-food-labeling-in-ecuador-implementation-results-and-pending-actions
#6
Adrián Alberto Díaz, Paula Mariana Veliz, Gabriela Rivas-Mariño, Carina Vance Mafla, Luz María Martínez Altamirano, Cecilia Vaca Jones
Noncommunicable diseases are the world's leading cause of death, responsible for 38 million deaths in 2012. This epidemic is primarily associated with smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, sedentary lifestyle, and changes in dietary patterns, characterized by diets high in sugar and saturated fat, typical of processed foods and sugar-sweetened beverages, plus low intake of fruits and vegetables. Ecuador is no exception to this epidemiological profile or to changes in eating patterns. Thus, Ecuador's government designed and implemented an action plan aimed at changing the obesogenic environment, which includes six strategic lines...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607234/healthy-lifestyle-centres-a-service-for-screening-noncommunicable-diseases-through-primary-health-care-institutions-in-sri-lanka
#7
D S Virginie Mallawaarachchi, Shiranee C Wickremasinghe, Lakshmi C Somatunga, Vithanage Tsk Siriwardena, Nalika S Gunawardena
The Ministry of Health in Sri Lanka initiated the Healthy Lifestyle Centres (HLCs) in 2011, to address the lack of a structured noncommunicable disease (NCD) screening service through the lowest level of primary health-care institutions. The main service objective of the HLCs is to reduce the risk of NCDs of 40-65 year olds by detecting risk factors early and improving access to specialized care for those with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The screened clients are managed at HLCs, based on the total-risk approach to assess their 10-year CVD risk, using the World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension risk-prediction chart...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606163/tobacco-smoking-trends-in-samoa-over-four-decades-can-continued-globalization-rectify-that-which-it-has-wrought
#8
Christine Linhart, Take Naseri, Sophia Lin, Richard Taylor, Stephen Morrell, Stephen T McGarvey, Dianna J Magliano, Paul Zimmet
BACKGROUND: The island country of Samoa (population 188,000 in 2011) forms part of Polynesia in the South Pacific. Over the past several decades Samoa has experienced exceptional modernization and globalization of many sectors of society, with noncommunicable diseases (NCD) now the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The evolution of risk factor prevalence underpinning the increase in NCDs, however, has not been well described, including tobacco smoking which is related to cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
June 12, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604054/preventive-interventions-for-the-second-half-of-life-a-systematic-review
#9
Cother Hajat, Adriana Selwyn, Mark Harris, Derek Yach
OBJECTIVE: Recent improvements in life expectancy globally require intensified focus on noncommunicable diseases and age-related conditions. The purpose of this article is to inform the development of age-specific prevention guidelines for adults aged 50 and above, which are currently lacking. DATA SOURCE: PubMed, Cochrane database, and Google Scholar and explicit outreach to experts in the field. STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Meta-analyses, intervention-based, and prospective cohort studies that reported all-cause mortality, disease-specific mortality, or morbidity in adults were included...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598792/croi-2017-complications-and-comorbidities-of-hiv-disease-and-its-treatment
#10
Judith S Currier, Diane V Havlir
Complications of HIV disease remained a major focus at the 2017 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI), and included studies focused on noncommunicable chronic diseases (eg, cardiovascular disease, obesity, bone disease, and malignancies) and opportunistic infections (Mycobacterium tuberculosis and cryptococcosis). Progress in identifying predictors of specific complications as well as interventions for the prevention and treatment of these comorbidities are summarized below.
May 2017: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597862/alcohol-consumption-among-adults-in-bangladesh-results-from-steps-2010
#11
Jessica Yasmine Islam, M Mostafa Zaman, Mahfuz R Bhuiyan, Md Mahtabuddin Hasan, Ham Nazmul Ahsan, Md Mujibur Rahman, Md Ridwanur Rahman, M A Jalil Chowdhury
Background Alcohol use is a risk factor for the development of noncommunicable diseases. National data are needed to assess the prevalence of alcohol use in the Bangladeshi population. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence and patterns of alcohol use among men and women of rural and urban areas of Bangladesh. Additionally, predictors of ever alcohol use were also identified. Methods A nationally representative cross-sectional survey (STEPS 2010) was conducted on 9275 adults between November 2009 and April 2010...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597853/depression-and-physical-noncommunicable-diseases-the-need-for-an-integrated-approach
#12
Nazneen Anwar, Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Yatan Pal Singh Balhara
Depression is globally the third-leading cause of disability in terms of disability-adjusted life-years. Depression in patients with diseases such as cancer, diabetes mellitus, stroke or cardiovascular disease is 2-4-fold more prevalent than in people who do not have physical noncommunicable diseases, and may have a more prolonged course. The significant burden due to depression that is comorbid with chronic physical disease, coupled with limited resources, makes it a major public health challenge for low- and middle-income countries...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591360/chronic-noncommunicable-diseases-and-population-surveys
#13
EDITORIAL
Euclides Ayres de Castilho, Moisés Goldbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591359/population-based-surveys-and-monitoring-of-noncommunicable-diseases
#14
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591354/inequalities-in-healthy-life-expectancy-by-federated-states
#15
Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Dália Elena Romero Montilla, Aline Pinto Marques, Giseli Nogueira Damacena, Wanessa da Silva de Almeida, Deborah Carvalho Malta
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the healthy life expectancy at 60 years by sex and Federated States and to investigate geographical inequalities by socioeconomic status. METHODS: Healthy life expectancy was estimated by the Sullivan method, based on the information of the National Survey on Health, 2013. Three criteria were adopted for the definition of "unhealthy state": self-assessment of bad health, functionality for performing the activities of daily living, and the presence of noncommunicable disease with intense degree of limitation...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591353/noncommunicable-diseases-and-the-use-of-health-services-analysis-of-the-national-health-survey-in-brazil
#16
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Margareth Guimarães Lima, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Maria Imaculada de Fátima Freitas, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether sex, education level, and health insurance affect the use of health services among the adult Brazilian population with chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCD). METHODS: Data from a cross-sectional survey were analyzed, the National Health Survey (PNS). Frequency of use of services in the population that referred at least one NCD were compared with the frequency from a population that did not report NCD, according to sex, education level, health insurance, and NCD number (1, 2, 3, 4, or more)...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591346/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-self-reported-high-blood-pressure-in-brazilian-adults
#17
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo Andrade, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez
OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors associated with self-reported high blood pressure among adults in Brazilian state capitals. METHODS: The study uses data from Sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (Vigitel - Surveillance System of Risk and Protection Factors of Noncommunicable Diseases by Telephone Survey) collected in 2013. Prevalence rates and their respective 95% confidence intervals by gender were estimated according to sociodemographic variables, lifestyle, reported noncommunicable diseases and self-rated health status...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589107/head-and-neck-cancers-in-north-east-iran-a-25-year-survey
#18
Maryam Emadzadeh, Soodabeh Shahidsales, Amirhossein Mohammadian Bajgiran, Mahta Salehi, Toktam Massoudi, Zahra Nikfarjam, Maryam Salehi
INTRODUCTION: Cancers are among the worst noncommunicable diseases around the world. Head and neck cancers are ranked as the fifth most common cancers worldwide. As there are different distributions of risk factors around the world, the incidence of these cancers varies from one place to another. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a descriptive analytic cross-sectional study, based on census-based records from the private oncology clinic in Mashhad, Iran. Data from 1,075 patients with head and neck cancers were analyzed from 1986 to 2010...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584618/prevalence-and-determinants-of-hypertension-among-iranian-adults-birjand-iran
#19
Toba Kazemi, Morteza Hajihosseini, Hamidreza Mashreghimoghadam, Nahid Azdaki, Masood Ziaee
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is a major cause of noncommunicable diseases. In this study, we report the prevalence rate of HTN in Birjand population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 1286 individuals in Birjand in 2014. Individuals with systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥90 mmHg were considered as hypertensive. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test, independent t-test, and one-way ANOVA. P < 0...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576447/relationship-between-nutrition-knowledge-and-dietary-intake-among-primary-school-children-in-japan-combined-effect-of-children-s-and-their-guardians-knowledge
#20
Keiko Asakura, Hidemi Todoriki, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Improving the dietary habits of children is important to decrease the future burden of noncommunicable diseases. While various food education programs have been implemented worldwide, evaluation of nutrition knowledge is difficult, even at baseline. Further, the relationship between nutrition knowledge and dietary intake has not been clarified in non-western countries. METHODS: After developing nutrition knowledge questionnaires for Japanese primary school children and adults, we examined whether higher nutrition knowledge of children and their guardians was associated with better dietary intake in children...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
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