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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532555/integration-of-care-in-management-of-ckd-in-resource-limited-settings
#1
REVIEW
Ikechi G Okpechi, Aminu K Bello, Oluwatoyin I Ameh, Charles R Swanepoel
The prevalence of noncommunicable diseases, including chronic kidney disease (CKD), continues to increase worldwide, and mortality from noncommunicable diseases is projected to surpass communicable disease-related mortality in developing countries. Although the treatment of CKD is expensive, unaffordable, and unavailable in many developing countries, the current structure of the health care system in such countries is not set up to deliver comprehensive care for patients with chronic conditions, including CKD...
May 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532553/the-potential-impact-of-public-health-interventions-in-preventing-kidney-disease
#2
REVIEW
Rohina Joshi, Oommen John, Vivekanand Jha
The years of life lost and years lived with disability resulting from chronic kidney disease (CKD) increased globally by 90% and 49.5%, respectively, between 1990 and 2013. In addition to the traditional factors, infections, low birthweight, environmental factors, and low socioeconomic status contribute to the CKD burden in low- and middle-income countries. System-level challenges such as poor appreciation of the burden, insufficient human resources, high health care costs, poor referral pathways, unreliable health information systems, and inadequate medicine supply pose barriers to CKD control...
May 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532551/strengthening-renal-registries-and-esrd-research-in-africa
#3
REVIEW
M Razeen Davids, Fergus J Caskey, Taryn Young, Gillian K Balbir Singh
In Africa, the combination of noncommunicable diseases, infectious diseases, exposure to environmental toxins, and acute kidney injury related to trauma and childbirth are driving an epidemic of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Good registry data can inform the planning of renal services and can be used to argue for better resource allocation, audit the delivery and quality of care, and monitor the impact of interventions. Few African countries have established renal registries and most have failed owing to resource constraints...
May 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529920/global-progress-in-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#4
Shanthi Mendis
Although there is measurable global progress in prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD), it has been highly uneven and inadequate, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Voluntary global targets have helped to galvanize attention, resources and accountability on tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity which are the major behavioural drivers of CVD. Many obstacles and challenges continue to impede the progress of cardiovascular prevention. The inclusion of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in the sustainable development agenda as a specific target, offers an unprecedented opportunity to further advance the global progress of cardiovascular prevention...
April 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527533/global-regional-and-national-burden-of-cardiovascular-diseases-for-10-causes-1990-to-2015
#5
Gregory A Roth, Catherine Johnson, Amanuel Abajobir, Foad Abd-Allah, Semaw Ferede Abera, Gebre Abyu, Muktar Ahmed, Baran Aksut, Tahiya Alam, Khurshid Alam, François Alla, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Stephen Amrock, Hossein Ansari, Johan Ärnlöv, Hamid Asayesh, Tesfay Mehari Atey, Leticia Avila-Burgos, Ashish Awasthi, Amitava Banerjee, Aleksandra Barac, Till Bärnighausen, Lars Barregard, Neeraj Bedi, Ezra Belay Ketema, Derrick Bennett, Gebremedhin Berhe, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Shimelash Bitew, Jonathan Carapetis, Juan Jesus Carrero, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Carlos Andres Castañeda-Orjuela, Jacqueline Castillo-Rivas, Ferrán Catalá-López, Jee-Young Choi, Hanne Christensen, Massimo Cirillo, Leslie Cooper, Michael Criqui, David Cundiff, Albertino Damasceno, Lalit Dandona, Rakhi Dandona, Kairat Davletov, Samath Dharmaratne, Prabhakaran Dorairaj, Manisha Dubey, Rebecca Ehrenkranz, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Emerito Jose A Faraon, Alireza Esteghamati, Talha Farid, Maryam Farvid, Valery Feigin, Eric L Ding, Gerry Fowkes, Tsegaye Gebrehiwot, Richard Gillum, Audra Gold, Philimon Gona, Rajeev Gupta, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Tesfaye Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Graeme Hankey, Hamid Yimam Hassen, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Rasmus Havmoeller, Simon I Hay, Masako Horino, Peter J Hotez, Kathryn Jacobsen, Spencer James, Mehdi Javanbakht, Panniyammakal Jeemon, Denny John, Jost Jonas, Yogeshwar Kalkonde, Chante Karimkhani, Amir Kasaeian, Yousef Khader, Abdur Khan, Young-Ho Khang, Sahil Khera, Abdullah T Khoja, Jagdish Khubchandani, Daniel Kim, Dhaval Kolte, Soewarta Kosen, Kristopher J Krohn, G Anil Kumar, Gene Kwan, Dharmesh Kumar Lal, Anders Larsson, Shai Linn, Alan Lopez, Paulo A Lotufo, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Reza Malekzadeh, Mohsen Mazidi, Toni Meier, Kidanu Gebremariam Meles, George Mensah, Atte Meretoja, Haftay Mezgebe, Ted Miller, Erkin Mirrakhimov, Shafiu Mohammed, Andrew E Moran, Kamarul Imran Musa, Jagat Narula, Bruce Neal, Frida Ngalesoni, Grant Nguyen, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Mayowa Owolabi, George Patton, João Pedro, Dima Qato, Mostafa Qorbani, Kazem Rahimi, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Salman Rawaf, Antônio Ribeiro, Saeid Safiri, Joshua A Salomon, Itamar Santos, Milena Santric Milicevic, Benn Sartorius, Aletta Schutte, Sadaf Sepanlou, Masood Ali Shaikh, Min-Jeong Shin, Mehdi Shishehbor, Hirbo Shore, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Eugene Sobngwi, Saverio Stranges, Soumya Swaminathan, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Niguse Tadele Atnafu, Fisaha Tesfay, J S Thakur, Amanda Thrift, Roman Topor-Madry, Thomas Truelsen, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja, Olalekan Uthman, Tommi Vasankari, Vasiliy Vlassov, Stein Emil Vollset, Tolassa Wakayo, David Watkins, Robert Weintraub, Andrea Werdecker, Ronny Westerman, Charles Shey Wiysonge, Charles Wolfe, Abdulhalik Workicho, Gelin Xu, Yuichiro Yano, Paul Yip, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Theo Vos, Mohsen Naghavi, Christopher Murray
BACKGROUND: The burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) remains unclear in many regions of the world. OBJECTIVES: The GBD (Global Burden of Disease) 2015 study integrated data on disease incidence, prevalence, and mortality to produce consistent, up-to-date estimates for cardiovascular burden. METHODS: CVD mortality was estimated from vital registration and verbal autopsy data. CVD prevalence was estimated using modeling software and data from health surveys, prospective cohorts, health system administrative data, and registries...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525446/training-village-health-workers-in-detection-and-monitoring-of-noncommunicable-diseases-a-low-cost-option-for-rural-areas-facing-the-emerging-health-epidemic
#6
Shyamsundar J Raithatha, Dinesh Kumar, Amee A Amin
Noncommunicable diseases account for 53% of deaths and 44% of disability-adjusted life years lost in India. Village health workers (VHWs) were trained in blood pressure (BP) and blood sugar (BS) measurement and assessed using a checklist. A total of 38 VHWs with a mean age of 44.8 years, schooling of 9.9 years, scored 10.0 (76.9%) for BP and 9.74 (69.6%) for BS. There was no difference in scores for education and age. It is possible to train VHWs in BP and BS measurement and utilize them for screening and monitoring of hypertension and diabetes in a noncommunicable disease care program...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523931/epigenetics-and-noncommunicable-diseases
#7
Gemma C Sharp, Caroline L Relton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511157/-conceptual-approaches-to-improve-the-system-of-preventive-medical-examinations-of-the-adult-population
#8
Олег Л Зюков, Володимир А Гандзюк, Наталія Ю Кондратюк
INTRODUCTION: Health indicators Ukraine's adult population over the last decade still too high for both countries of the European Community. Features direction of preventive health system of Ukraine, currently used extremely limited. Existing approaches to planning and carrying out preventive medical examinations in our country are outdated and are formal, so improving the existing system of preventive medical examinations of the adult population is necessary and timely. AIM: To prove scientifically conceptual approaches to improving the planning and implementation of preventive medical examinations of adults through functional and structural changes...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510633/obesity-and-diabetes-as-risk-factors-for-severe-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-results-from-a-swedish-nationwide-study
#9
Katja Wyss, Andreas Wångdahl, Maria Vesterlund, Ulf Hammar, Saduddin Dashti, Pontus Naucler, Anna Färnert
Background: Noncommunicable diseases and obesity are increasing in prevalence globally, also in populations at risk of malaria. We sought to investigate if comorbidity, in terms of chronic diseases and obesity, is associated with severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Methods: We performed a retrospective observational study in adults (≥18 years) diagnosed with malaria in Sweden between January 1995 and May 2015. We identified cases through the surveillance database at the Public Health Agency of Sweden and reviewed clinical data from 18 hospitals...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504785/addressing-noncommunicable-diseases-in-primary-care-the-case-of-type-2-diabetes
#10
K M Narayan, E C Rhodes
The rapid growth of noncommunicable diseases represents a formidable global health challenge. Here we use type 2 diabetes as a case study to illustrate the rise of noncommunicable diseases and call attention to the important role of primary care systems in addressing these diseases in low- and middle-income countries. Comprehensive screening for diabetes should be implemented through primary care systems to increase early detection of prediabetes and undiagnosed diabetes - a first step to diabetes prevention and management...
December 2016: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486414/break-in-sedentary-behavior-reduces-the-risk-of-noncommunicable-diseases-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-workers-in-a-petroleum-company
#11
Chutima Jalayondeja, Wattana Jalayondeja, Keerin Mekhora, Petcharatana Bhuanantanondh, Asadang Dusadi-Isariyavong, Rujiret Upiriyasakul
Although prolonged sitting appears as a novel risk factor related to health outcomes for all ages, its association needs to be replicated in occupational conditions. This study explored the associations between sedentary behavior and four noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) as well as two cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRFs) among workers in a petroleum company, Thailand. All workers were invited to complete the online self-report questionnaire. Sedentary behavior was measured as the amount of time sitting at work, during recreation, and while commuting...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482349/genomics-of-cardiometabolic-disorders-in-sub-saharan-africa
#12
Sally N Adebamowo, Fasil Tekola-Ayele, Adebowale A Adeyemo, Charles N Rotimi
Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is experiencing a growing burden of cardiometabolic disorders, including diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, obesity, coronary heart disease, and stroke. The increasing trends are expected to accelerate as SSA continues to experience economic progress, population growth, and the shift from communicable to noncommunicable diseases. These complex disorders are caused by multiple, potentially interacting, environmental, and genetic factors. While considerable progress has been made in the identification of the sociocultural, demographic, and lifestyle risk factors for cardiometabolic disorders, many genetic factors that underlie individual susceptibility to these diseases remain largely unknown...
May 9, 2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480845/risk-factors-of-cleft-lip-and-palate-in-georgia
#13
S Chincharadze, Z Vadachkoria, I Mchedlishvili
A case-control study was conducted to reveal risk factors for cleft lip and palate. The main group consisted of 41mothers of infants with orofacial clefts (cleft lip and/or palate) who were born in Tbilisi maternity houses during 2015-2016. The control group was composed of 61 mothers who have given birth to healthy babies in the same maternity houses. Information on possible risk factors was collected using a special form. In order to evaluate a role of these risk factors, bivariate analysis was conducted at the first stage of the study...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479640/national-drug-policy-reform-for-noncommunicable-diseases-in-low-resource-countries-an-example-from-bangladesh
#14
Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Md Tauhidul Islam, Anwar Islam, Anthony Rodgers, Clara K Chow, Aliya Naheed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479552/open-dataset-for-the-automatic-recognition-of-sedentary-behaviors
#15
William Possos, Robinson Cruz, Jesús D Cerón, Diego M López, Carlos H Sierra-Torres
BACKGROUND: Sedentarism is associated with the development of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) such as cardiovascular diseases (CVD), type 2 diabetes, and cancer. Therefore, the identification of specific sedentary behaviors (TV viewing, sitting at work, driving, relaxing, etc.) is especially relevant for planning personalized prevention programs. OBJECTIVE: To build and evaluate a public a dataset for the automatic recognition (classification) of sedentary behaviors...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476727/using-mhealth-to-predict-noncommunicable-diseases-a-public-health-opportunity-for-low-and-middle-income-countries
#16
EDITORIAL
Ellen Rosskam, Adnan A Hyder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476726/health-surveys-using-mobile-phones-in-developing-countries-automated-active-strata-monitoring-and-other-statistical-considerations-for-improving-precision-and-reducing-biases
#17
Alain Labrique, Emily Blynn, Saifuddin Ahmed, Dustin Gibson, George Pariyo, Adnan A Hyder
In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), historically, household surveys have been carried out by face-to-face interviews to collect survey data related to risk factors for noncommunicable diseases. The proliferation of mobile phone ownership and the access it provides in these countries offers a new opportunity to remotely conduct surveys with increased efficiency and reduced cost. However, the near-ubiquitous ownership of phones, high population mobility, and low cost require a re-examination of statistical recommendations for mobile phone surveys (MPS), especially when surveys are automated...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476724/the-development-of-an-interactive-voice-response-survey-for-noncommunicable-disease-risk-factor-estimation-technical-assessment-and-cognitive-testing
#18
Dustin G Gibson, Brooke A Farrenkopf, Amanda Pereira, Alain B Labrique, George William Pariyo
BACKGROUND: The rise in mobile phone ownership in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) presents an opportunity to transform existing data collection and surveillance methods. Administering surveys via interactive voice response (IVR) technology-a mobile phone survey (MPS) method-has potential to expand the current surveillance coverage and data collection, but formative work to contextualize the survey for LMIC deployment is needed. OBJECTIVE: The primary objectives of this study were to (1) cognitively test and identify challenging questions in a noncommunicable disease (NCD) risk factor questionnaire administered via an IVR platform and (2) assess the usability of the IVR platform...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476723/ethics-considerations-in-global-mobile-phone-based-surveys-of-noncommunicable-diseases-a-conceptual-exploration
#19
Joseph Ali, Alain B Labrique, Kara Gionfriddo, George Pariyo, Dustin G Gibson, Bridget Pratt, Molly Deutsch-Feldman, Adnan A Hyder
Mobile phone coverage has grown, particularly within low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), presenting an opportunity to augment routine health surveillance programs. Several LMICs and global health partners are seeking opportunities to launch basic mobile phone-based surveys of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). The increasing use of such technology in LMICs brings forth a cluster of ethical challenges; however, much of the existing literature regarding the ethics of mobile or digital health focuses on the use of technologies in high-income countries and does not consider directly the specific ethical issues associated with the conduct of mobile phone surveys (MPS) for NCD risk factor surveillance in LMICs...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476722/noncommunicable-disease-risk-factors-and-mobile-phones-a-proposed-research-agenda
#20
Adnan A Hyder, Adaeze C Wosu, Dustin G Gibson, Alain B Labrique, Joseph Ali, George W Pariyo
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) account for two-thirds of all deaths globally, with 75% of these occurring in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Many LMICs seek cost-effective methods to obtain timely and quality NCD risk factor data that could inform resource allocation, policy development, and assist evaluation of NCD trends over time. Over the last decade, there has been a proliferation of mobile phone ownership and access in LMICs, which, if properly harnessed, has great potential to support risk factor data collection...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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