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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927251/fecal-microbiota-transplantation-past-present-and-future-perspectives
#1
Stefano Bibbò, Gianluca Ianiro, Antonio Gasbarrini, Giovanni Cammarota
Gut microbiota is known to play a main role in regulating both health and disease in humans. Strategies for the therapeutic modulation of gut microbiota are therefore expected to give a relevant contribution in the management of disorders associated with its impairment. Among these options, one of the most renowned is fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT). A growing body of evidence showed clearly that FMT is an effective treatment against recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. Moreover, it was shown to be a promising therapy for the management of several noncommunicable disorders, including inflammatory bowel diseases and metabolic disorders...
December 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923078/curbing-the-lifestyle-disease-pandemic-making-progress-on-an-interdisciplinary-research-agenda-for-law-and-policy-interventions
#2
Brigit Toebes, Marlies Hesselman, Jitse P van Dijk, Joost Herman
By 2030, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) will be the leading cause of death in every region in the world. While law and policy have an important role to play in curbing this pandemic, our current understanding of how they can most effectively be used is still limited. This contribution identifies a number of gaps in current research and insists on an interdisciplinary research agenda between law, health science and international relations aimed at designing concrete proposals for laws and policies to curb the NCD pandemic, both globally and domestically...
September 18, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902946/the-association-between-low-grade-systemic-inflammation-and-skin-diseases-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966
#3
Suvi-Päivikki Sinikumpu, Laura Huilaja, Juha Auvinen, Jari Jokelainen, Katri Puukka, Aimo Ruokonen, Markku Timonen, Kaisa Tasanen
Low grade inflammation is associated with many noncommunicable diseases. The association between skin diseases in general and systemic inflammation has not previously been studied at the population level. A whole-body investigation on 1,930 adults belonging to Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 was performed and high sensitive C-reactive protein (CRP) level was measured as a marker of low grade inflammation in order to determine the association between low grade inflammation and skin diseases in an unselected adult population...
September 13, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902721/hiv-associated-pulmonary-hypertension
#4
Harish Jarrett, Christopher Barnett
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: HIV-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (HIV-PAH) is a well-recognized severe cardiovascular complication of HIV infection that confers an adverse prognosis irrespective of the stage of disease. This review will summarize the available data on HIV-PAH epidemiology and provide insights into the pathophysiology and therapeutic strategies currently available. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with HIV are several thousand times more likely to develop HIV-PAH compared to the incidence of idiopathic PAH...
September 11, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902024/association-of-socioeconomic-and-geographic-factors-with-google-trends-for-tanning-and-sunscreen
#5
Divya Seth, Haley Gittleman, Jill Barnholtz-Sloan, Jeremy S Bordeaux
BACKGROUND: Internet search trends are used to track both infectious diseases and noncommunicable conditions. OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to characterize Google Trends search volume index (SVI) for the terms "sunscreen" and tanning ("tanning salon" and "tanning bed") in the United States from 2010 to 2015 and analyze association with educational attainment, average income, and percent white data by state. METHODS: SVI is search frequency data relative to total search volume...
September 8, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901943/a-meta-analysis-and-the-evaluation-of-trends-in-obesity-prevalence-among-children-and-adolescents-aged-5-19-in-turkey-1990-through-2015
#6
Züleyha Alper, İlker Ercan, Yeşim Uncu
Objective Obesity in childhood and adolescence period, is one of the most serious public health problems with it's remarkable increased prevalence and it is correlated with the increased adult morbidity and mortality due to its causing noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. This study aims to identify the secular trend by performing meta-analysis of childhood and adolescent obesity prevalence studies conducted in different regions of our country since 1990 to 2015. Methods Uludag University Library Database was searched for relevant articles published prior to March 2017...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883668/daily-physical-activity-of-brazilian-carriers-of-arterial-hypertension-a-transversal-analysis
#7
Dartel Ferrari de Lima, Lohran Anguera Lima, Olinda do Carmo Luiz
OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile of the practice of physical activity in the daily life of Brazilian adults with arterial hypertension and to analyze whether the practice performed complies with the recommendations of the World Health Organization. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were obtained from the Surveillance System of Risk Factors and Protection for Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases of 2014, involving 40,853 adults aged 18 years and over in all Brazilian capitals, interviewed by telephone survey...
June 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873857/embracing-technological-development-and-salutogenic-health-promotion-in-the-provision-of-assistive-technologies
#8
Kyle Mulholland, Andrew Sirkka
The growing incidence of Noncommunicable Diseases has increased focus on the promotion of physical activity within the therapeutic environment. Research demonstrates a shift in mentality away from the pathogenic orientation of health promotion, resulting in the formation of salutogenic health promotion concepts and assistive technologies that actively promote health.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860318/reducing-the-global-burden-of-cardiovascular-disease-part-1-the-epidemiology-and-risk-factors
#9
REVIEW
Philip Joseph, Darryl Leong, Martin McKee, Sonia S Anand, Jon-David Schwalm, Koon Teo, Andrew Mente, Salim Yusuf
Current global health policy goals include a 25% reduction in premature mortality from noncommunicable diseases by 2025. In this 2-part review, we provide an overview of the current epidemiological data on cardiovascular diseases (CVD), its risk factors, and describe strategies aimed at reducing its burden. In part 1, we examine the global epidemiology of cardiac conditions that have the greatest impact on CVD mortality; the predominant risk factors; and the impact of upstream, societal health determinants (eg, environmental factors, health policy, and health systems) on CVD...
September 1, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858184/idiopathic-spinal-epidural-fat-accumulation-is-associated-with-hyperlipidemia
#10
Shinichi Ishihara, Nobuyuki Fujita, Mitsuru Yagi, Takashi Tsuji, Takehiro Michikawa, Yuji Nishiwaki, Yasuyuki Fukui, Keisuke Horiuchi, Ken Ishii, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe
STUDY DESIGN: Single-center retrospective analysis of consecutively collected data. OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical characteristics of idiopathic spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: SEL is associated with the overt accumulation of nonencapsulated adipose tissue in the epidural space, leading to spinal cord or nerve root compression. The etiology of this condition is currently not completely understood. METHODS: Data of 166 male patients who underwent primary surgery for lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSS) from May 2013 to February 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
August 29, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857065/package-of-essential-noncommunicable-disease-pen-interventions-in-primary-health-care-settings-in-the-democratic-people-s-republic-of-korea-a-feasibility-study
#11
Choe Suk Hyon, Kim Yong Nam, Han Chae Sun, Renu Garg, Suraj Man Shrestha, Kim Un Ok, Rajesh Kumar
The prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) is a priority for the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Mortality due to NCDs in people aged over 30 years was 1239 per 100 000 in 2009 and the 2014-2020 national strategy includes population-level goals for health promotion and disease prevention. This paper reports a pilot study on the feasibility of implementing components of the World Health Organization (WHO) Package of essential noncommunicable disease (PEN) interventions for primary health care in low-resource settings (WHO PEN) to enable early detection and management of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus at the level of primary care...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853130/urbanization-and-noncommunicable-disease-ncd-risk-factors-who-stepwise-iranian-ncd-risk-factors-surveillance-in-2011
#12
Zahra Khorrami, Koorosh Etemad, Shahin Yarahmadi, Soheila Khodakarim, Mohammadesmail Kameli, Alireza Mahdavi Hezaveh, Ebrahim Rahimi
This study was conducted to examine the relationship between urbanization and risk factors of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) according to the World Health Organization stepwise approach to surveillance of NCDs. This study is part of a NCD risk factor surveillance of 10 069 individuals in all provinces of the Islamic Republic of Iran, aged over 20 years, during 2011. By utilizing 2011 census data, urbanization levels were determined in all provinces and logistics regression was used to examine the relationship between urbanization and risk factors...
August 27, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852279/elevated-blood-pressure-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-adolescents-of-a-north-indian-city-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Senthamizh Prasad, Jamal Masood, Anand Kumar Srivastava, Prabhaker Mishra
CONTEXT: Amidst the uncertainty in childhood blood pressure (BP) thresholds, besides the ambiguity in levels and duration of BP elevation causing organ damage, hypertension is present in substantial number of asymptomatic children and adolescents with only a few studies disclosing the setup. With projection of deaths due to noncommunicable diseases in 2030 rising to 52 million, it is necessary to know about the knowledge of present adolescents about BP and its modifiable risk factors...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838764/prenatal-growth-and-ckd-in-older-adults-longitudinal-findings-from-the-helsinki-birth-cohort-study-1924-1944
#14
Johan G Eriksson, Minna K Salonen, Eero Kajantie, Clive Osmond
BACKGROUND: According to the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) hypothesis, several noncommunicable diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and coronary heart disease, have their origins in early life. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has traditionally been assumed to develop as the result of an interaction between genetic and environmental factors, although more recently, the importance of factors present early in life has been recognized. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal birth cohort study...
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838752/child-and-adolescent-mortality-across-malaysia-s-epidemiological-transition-a-systematic-analysis-of-global-burden-of-disease-data
#15
Suraya Abdul-Razak, Peter S Azzopardi, George C Patton, Ali H Mokdad, Susan M Sawyer
PURPOSE: A rapid epidemiological transition in developing countries in Southeast Asia has been accompanied by major shifts in the health status of children and adolescents. In this article, mortality estimates in Malaysian children and adolescents from 1990 to 2013 are used to illustrate these changes. METHODS: All-cause and cause-specific mortality estimates were obtained from the 2013 Global Burden of Disease Study. Data were extracted from 1990 to 2013 for the developmental age range from 1 to 24 years, for both sexes...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832848/risk-and-protective-factors-for-noncommunicable-chronic-diseases-in-adolescents-by-race-skin-color-national-adolescent-school-based-health-survey
#16
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Sheila Rizzato Stopa, Maria Aline Siqueira Santos, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo Andrade, Max Moura de Oliveira, Rogério Ruscitto do Prado, Marta Maria Alves da Silva
Introduction: The race/skin color is an important predictor of health status of the population, as well as a marker of social inequalities. Objective: The aim of this paper was to describe the prevalence of the main risks and the protective factors for chronic diseases in schoolchildren, according to race/skin color differences. Methods: Data from the National Adolescent School-Based Health Survey (2012) were used. This is a cross-sectional study carried out in public and private schools...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832255/the-pharmacogenetics-laboratory-of-the-department-of-pharmacology-and-toxicology-at-the-american-university-of-beirut-faculty-of-medicine
#17
Nathalie K Zgheib
The pharmacogenetics (PGx) laboratory at the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology at the American University of Beirut Faculty of Medicine was established in October 2007. Several projects on the genetic polymorphisms of drug metabolizing enzymes and transporters with treatment of noncommunicable diseases such as cardiac diseases and cancers are ongoing. We have been applying the 'candidate gene' PGx approach, and recently started using higher throughput analyses. The more recent research projects are geared towards performing more extensive genotyping and including bigger and more representative population samples such as by developing research registries and prospectively following up patients...
September 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822682/a-systematic-review-of-digital-interventions-for-improving-the-diet-and-physical-activity-behaviors-of-adolescents
#18
REVIEW
Taylor Rose, Mary Barker, Chandni Maria Jacob, Leanne Morrison, Wendy Lawrence, Sofia Strömmer, Christina Vogel, Kathryn Woods-Townsend, David Farrell, Hazel Inskip, Janis Baird
Many adolescents have poor diet and physical activity behaviors, which can lead to the development of noncommunicable diseases in later life. Digital platforms offer inexpensive means of delivering health interventions, but little is known about their effectiveness. This systematic review was conducted to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of digital interventions to improve diet quality and increase physical activity in adolescents, to effective intervention components and to assess the cost-effectiveness of these interventions...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820788/community-health-workers-and-the-management-of-noncommunicable-diseases-among-rural-health-clinics-in-limpopo-province-south-africa-a-pilot-study
#19
Aubrey L Doede, Taylor E Allen, JaʼLynn S Gray, Austin G Herbst, Madala C Hlungwani, Nditsheni J Ramakuela, Alice X Xie, Cathy L Campbell
South Africa's rise in noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and health care provider shortages has generated the need for community health workers (CHWs) in rural areas. However, roles and interactions with clinic staff are not well understood. Interviews with health care workers at community clinics in Limpopo Province revealed common themes, including resource scarcity, clinic-patient partnerships, management of NCDs, and collaboration between professionals. The data did not support CHW-physician interactions, necessitating further research to describe these practices and to evaluate CHWs' impact on patient outcomes...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814619/time-use-patterns-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents
#20
Monica Wong, Tim Olds, Lisa Gold, Kate Lycett, Dorothea Dumuid, Josh Muller, Fiona K Mensah, David Burgner, John B Carlin, Ben Edwards, Terence Dwyer, Peter Azzopardi, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVES: To describe 24-hour time-use patterns and their association with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in early adolescence. METHODS: The Child Health CheckPoint was a cross-sectional study nested between Waves 6 and 7 of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. The participants were 1455 11- to 12-year-olds (39% of Wave 6; 51% boys). The exposure was 24-hour time use measured across 259 activities using the Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adolescents...
June 1, 2017: Pediatrics
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