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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925102/case-studies-and-role-play-learning-strategies-in-nursing
#1
Ana Luísa Petersen Cogo, Daiane Dal Pai, Graziella Badin Aliti, Heloísa Karnas Hoefel, Karina de Oliveira Azzolin, Lurdes Busin, Margarita Ana Rubin Unicovsky, Maria Henriqueta Luce Kruse
Objective: to report professors' experience in a public university of Southern region of Brazil using case studies and role play as learning strategies for nursing care of hospitalized adults. Method: learning experience report from the Nursing Care of Adults I class of nursing undergraduate course. Results: the development of case studies and role play considered health care needs from epidemiological profile of chronic noncommunicable diseases morbidity and mortality, nursing as an assisting method, and social aspects of hospitalized individuals...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913313/the-role-of-vitamin-d-and-vdr-in-carcinogenesis-through-epidemiology-and-basic-sciences
#2
REVIEW
Borja Bandera Merchan, Sonsoles Morcillo, Gracias Martin-Nuñez, Francisco José Tinahones, Manuel Macías-González
In the last two decades vitamin D (VD) research has demonstrated new extraskeletal actions of this pre-hormone, suggesting a protective role of this secosteroid in the onset, progression and prognosis of several chronic noncommunicable diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus or cancer. Regarding carcinogenesis, both preclinical and epidemiological evidence available show oncoprotective actions of VD and its receptor, the VDR. However, in late neoplastic stages the VD system (VDS) seems to be less functional, which appears to be due to an epigenetic silencing of the system...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909559/identification-of-dietary-patterns-in-urban-population-of-argentina-study-on-diet-obesity-relation-in-population-based-prevalence-study
#3
Sonia Alejandra Pou, María Del Pilar Díaz, Ana Gabriela De La Quintana, Carla Antonella Forte, Laura Rosana Aballay
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In Argentina, obesity prevalence rose from 14.6% in 2005 to 20.8% in 2013. Although the number of studies on noncommunicable diseases and dietary patterns as a unique dietary exposure measure has increased, information on this topic remains scarce in developing countries. This is the first population-based study investigating the association between diet and obesity using a dietary pattern approach in Argentina. We aimed (a) to identify current dietary patterns of the population of Córdoba city, (b) to investigate its association with obesity prevalence, and (c) to identify and describe dietary patterns from the subgroup of people with obesity...
December 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908845/design-response-rates-and-population-characteristics-of-a-cross-sectional-study-in-zanzibar-tanzania
#4
Maria Adam Nyangasa, Soerge Kelm, Mohammed Ali Sheikh, Antje Hebestreit
BACKGROUND: Data on nutritional status and correlates of noncommunicable diseases are scarce for resource-poor settings in sub-Saharan countries. With the scope of a project, "Access to Food and Nutrition Status of the Zanzibari Population," data for investigating public health questions were collected using proven measurement and laboratory standards. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims at providing a descriptive overview of recruitment approaches, standardization, quality control measures, and data collection, with special attention to the design, responses, and participant characteristics of the overall project...
December 1, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903953/sociocultural-characteristic-lifestyle-and-metabolic-risk-factors-among-a-sample-of-kuwaiti-male-university-students
#5
Maha Al-Sejari
In the past six decades, the Kuwaiti population has been exposed to rapid transformation in the quality of diet intake, daily activities, and career types. This major socioeconomic shift was accompanied by the introduction of both communicable and noncommunicable chronic diseases afflicting people of all ages. This article aims to detect a relationship between sociocultural characteristics-such as physical activity, dietary habits, and smoking-and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted among 262 male university students in Kuwait; participants were selected by using a convenient nonrandom opportunistic sample...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898293/metabolic-syndrome-among-adults-in-china-the-2010-china-noncommunicable-disease-surveillance
#6
Jieli Lu, Limin Wang, Mian Li, Yu Xu, Yong Jiang, Weiqing Wang, Jianhong Li, Shengquan Mi, Mei Zhang, Yichong Li, Tiange Wang, Min Xu, Zhiyun Zhao, Meng Dai, Shenghan Lai, Wenhua Zhao, Linhong Wang, Yufang Bi, Guang Ning
CONTEXT: In China, data on the prevalence of metabolic syndrome have been rare recently. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components in 2010. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study covered all 31 provinces of mainland China and consisted of a nationally representative population sample of 98,658 Chinese adults aged ≥ 18 years. Of these, 97,098 participants were eligible for the data analysis reported here...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897112/harnessing-the-power-of-sirt1-and-non-coding-rnas-in-vascular-disease
#7
Kenneth Maiese
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) contribute to a significant amount of disability and death in the world. Of these disorders, vascular disease is ranked high, falls within the five leading causes of death, and impacts multiple other disease entities such as those of the cardiac system, nervous system, and metabolic disease. Targeting the silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 1 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) (SIRT1) pathway and the modulation of micro ribonucleic acids (miRNAs) may hold great promise for the development of novel strategies for the treatment of vascular disease since each of these pathways are highly relevant to cardiac and nervous system disorders as well as to metabolic dysfunction...
November 29, 2016: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886846/are-we-facing-a-noncommunicable-disease-pandemic
#8
REVIEW
Luke Allen
The global boom in premature mortality and morbidity from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) shares many similarities with pandemics of infectious diseases, yet public health professionals have resisted the adoption of this label. It is increasingly apparent that NCDs are actually communicable conditions, and although the vectors of disease are nontraditional, the pandemic label is apt. Arguing for a change in terminology extends beyond pedantry as the move carries serious implications for the public health community and the general public...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886785/approaches-to-sustainable-capacity-building-for-cardiovascular-disease-care-in-kenya
#9
REVIEW
Felix A Barasa, Rajesh Vedanthan, Sonak D Pastakia, Susie J Crowe, Wilson Aruasa, Wilson K Sugut, Russ White, Elijah S Ogola, Gerald S Bloomfield, Eric J Velazquez
Cardiovascular diseases are approaching epidemic levels in Kenya and other low- and middle-income countries without accompanying effective preventive and therapeutic strategies. This is happening in the background of residual and emerging infections and other diseases of poverty, and increasing physical injuries from traffic accidents and noncommunicable diseases. Investments to create a skilled workforce and health care infrastructure are needed. Improving diagnostic capacity, access to high-quality medications, health care, appropriate legislation, and proper coordination are key components to ensuring the reversal of the epidemic and a healthy citizenry...
February 2017: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886783/mhealth-interventions-to-counter-noncommunicable-diseases-in-developing-countries-still-an-uncertain-promise
#10
REVIEW
Andrea Beratarrechea, Daniela Moyano, Vilma Irazola, Adolfo Rubinstein
mHealth constitutes a promise for health care delivery in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where health care systems are unprepared to combat the threat of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). This article assesses the impact of mHealth on NCD outcomes in LMICs. A systematic review identified controlled studies evaluating mHealth interventions that addressed NCDs in LMICs. From the 1274 abstracts retrieved, 108 articles were selected for full text review and 20 randomized controlled trials were included from 14 LMICs...
February 2017: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886526/food-and-beverage-product-reformulation-as-a-corporate-political-strategy
#11
C Scott, B Hawkins, C Knai
Product reformulation- the process of altering a food or beverage product's recipe or composition to improve the product's health profile - is a prominent response to the obesity and noncommunicable disease epidemics in the U.S. To date, reformulation in the U.S. has been largely voluntary and initiated by actors within the food and beverage industry. Similar voluntary efforts by the tobacco and alcohol industry have been considered to be a mechanism of corporate political strategy to shape public health policies and decisions to suit commercial needs...
November 14, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886418/surviving-triple-trouble-synchronous-breast-and-cervical-cancer-hiv-infection-and-myocardial-infarction
#12
Antony G Thottian, Supriya Mallick, Bhanuprasad Venkatesulu, Ranjit Kumar, Kunhiparambath Haresh, Subhash Gupta, Daya Nand Sharma, Pramod Kumar Julka, Goura Kishor Rath
Breast and cervical cancer are the two most common cancers in female. However, owing to the contrasting risk factors, synchronous breast and cervical cancer has very rarely been reported. However, noncommunicable disease like cardiovascular disease and different infections has tended to make situations complicated because of complex interaction. In recent years, such cases are being seen frequently and their management is challenging. We report such a case of synchronous breast and cervical cancer complicated by HIV infection and myocardial infarction...
November 25, 2016: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870424/sex-dependent-differences-in-voluntary-physical-activity
#13
REVIEW
Cheryl S Rosenfeld
Numbers of overweight and obese individuals are increasing in the United States and globally, and, correspondingly, the associated health care costs are rising dramatically. More than one-third of children are currently considered obese with a predisposition to type 2 diabetes, and it is likely that their metabolic conditions will worsen with age. Physical inactivity has also risen to be the leading cause of many chronic, noncommunicable diseases (NCD). Children are more physically inactive now than they were in past decades, which may be due to intrinsic and extrinsic factors...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859423/from-obesity-to-cancer-a-review-on-proposed-mechanisms
#14
REVIEW
Zoya Tahergorabi, Majid Khazaei, Mitra Moodi, Elham Chamani
Nowadays, obesity is considered as a serious and growing global health problem. It is documented that the overweight and obesity are major risk factors for a series of noncommunicable diseases, and in recent years, the obesity-cancer link has received much attention. Numerous epidemiological studies have shown that obesity is associated with increased risk of several cancer types, including colon, breast, endometrium, liver, kidney, esophagus, gastric, pancreatic, gallbladder, and leukemia, and can also lead to poorer treatment...
November 9, 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853041/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-in-the-katkari-tribe-of-coastal-maharashtra
#15
M G Deo, P V Pawar, S R Kanetkar, S V Kakade
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Urban and rural India are both going through health epidemiological transition and will soon face huge burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Information on the status of NCDs in tribals is limited. Although the prevalence of hypertension in scheduled tribes (STs) has been studied in several states by the National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau, tribe-specific data are very scanty. The objective of this study was to generate data on the status of hypertension and diabetes, the two objectively measurable NCDs in Katkaris, the dominant ST in the Raigad district of coastal Maharashtra...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848741/results-from-thailand-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#16
Areekul Amornsriwatanakul, Kasem Nakornkhet, Piyawat Katewongsa, Chairat Choosakul, Tippawan Kaewmanee, Kurusart Konharn, Atchara Purakom, Anoma Santiworakul, Patraporn Sitilertpisan, Sonthaya Sriramatr, Araya Yankai, Michael Rosenberg, Fiona C Bull
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is recognized as one of the core modifiable risk factors of noncommunicable diseases. However, little is known about PA in the Thai population, particularly in children. The report card (RC) project provided Thailand with an opportunity to assess PA behaviors in children. This paper summarizes the methodology, grading process, and the final grades of the Thai RC. METHODS: A school-based survey was conducted to collect data from a nationally representative sample of children aged 6 to 17 years...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848720/results-from-nigeria-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#17
Ade F Adeniyi, Olukemi O Odukoya, Adewale L Oyeyemi, Rufus A Adedoyin, Olatunde S Ojo, Edirin Metseagharun, Kingsley K Akinroye
BACKGROUND: The Nigerian Report card on Physical Activity (PA) in Children and Youth was first developed in 2013 to inform practice and policy on healthy living and prevention of noncommunicable diseases among Nigerian children and youth. This article summarizes the results of the 2016 report card and provides updated evidence on the current situation in Nigeria. METHODS: A comprehensive review of literature was undertaken by the Report Card Working Group. Grades were assigned to 10 PA indicators based on the criteria used for the 2013 edition...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843883/noncommunicable-disease-risk-factor-reporting-in-national-family-health-survey-4-a-critical-appraisal
#18
Mahendra M Reddy, Srikanta Kanungo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834861/the-implications-of-the-developmental-origins-of-health-and-disease-on-public-health-policy-and-health-promotion-in-south-africa
#19
REVIEW
Sasiragha Priscilla Reddy, Anthony David Mbewu
The developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) hypothesis states that environmental influences in utero and in early life can determine health and disease in later life through the programming of genes and/or altered gene expression. The DOHaD is likely to have had an effect in South Africa during the fifty years of apartheid; and during the twenty years since the dawn of democracy in 1994. This has profound implications for public health and health promotion policies in South Africa, a country experiencing increased prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and risk factors and behaviours for NCDs due to rapid social and economic transition, and because of the DOHaD...
November 9, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834445/eastern-mediterranean-health-journal-emhj-a-20-year-overview-1995-2014
#20
A Mandil, F Curlet, H Nour El-Din, N Abu-Saleh, M Soliman
The EMHJ was established in 1995 to provide a peer-reviewed platform for health professionals to share their research with the scientific community. The objective of this review was to examine EMR public health research trends, as reflected by EMHJ publications in 20 years (1995-2014), through secondary data analysis. Published articles were categorized according to EMR strategic priority areas (93%), i.e. health systems strengthening (25%); reproductive and child health (22%); communicable diseases (26%); noncommunicable diseases (25%); emergency preparedness (1...
November 2, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
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