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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820788/community-health-workers-and-the-management-of-noncommunicable-diseases-among-rural-health-clinics-in-limpopo-province-south-africa-a-pilot-study
#1
Aubrey L Doede, Taylor E Allen, JaʼLynn S Gray, Austin G Herbst, Madala C Hlungwani, Nditsheni J Ramakuela, Alice X Xie, Cathy L Campbell
South Africa's rise in noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and health care provider shortages has generated the need for community health workers (CHWs) in rural areas. However, roles and interactions with clinic staff are not well understood. Interviews with health care workers at community clinics in Limpopo Province revealed common themes, including resource scarcity, clinic-patient partnerships, management of NCDs, and collaboration between professionals. The data did not support CHW-physician interactions, necessitating further research to describe these practices and to evaluate CHWs' impact on patient outcomes...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814619/time-use-patterns-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents
#2
Monica Wong, Tim Olds, Lisa Gold, Kate Lycett, Dorothea Dumuid, Josh Muller, Fiona K Mensah, David Burgner, John B Carlin, Ben Edwards, Terence Dwyer, Peter Azzopardi, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVES: To describe 24-hour time-use patterns and their association with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in early adolescence. METHODS: The Child Health CheckPoint was a cross-sectional study nested between Waves 6 and 7 of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. The participants were 1455 11- to 12-year-olds (39% of Wave 6; 51% boys). The exposure was 24-hour time use measured across 259 activities using the Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adolescents...
June 1, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806351/effects-of-a-nationwide-strategy-to-reduce-salt-intake-in-samoa
#3
Kathy Trieu, Merina Ieremia, Joseph Santos, Bruce Neal, Mark Woodward, Marj Moodie, Colin Bell, Wendy Snowdon, Taiaopo Faumuina, Jacqui Webster
OBJECTIVE: Salt reduction is one of the most cost-effective interventions for the prevention of noncommunicable diseases, but there are no studies evaluating the effectiveness of national strategies in low or lower middle income countries. This study aimed to examine the effect of an 18-month nation-wide salt reduction strategy in Samoa. METHODS: Two nationally representative cross-sectional surveys of adults aged 18-64 years, measuring 24-h urinary salt excretion and salt-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours, were conducted before (2013) and after (2015) the intervention...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800054/end-user-and-implementer-experiences-of-mhealth-technologies-for-noncommunicable-chronic-disease-management-in-young-adults-a-qualitative-systematic-review-protocol
#4
Helen Slater, Andrew Briggs, Jennifer Stinson, Jared M Campbell
The objective of this review is to systematically identify, review and synthesize relevant qualitative research on end user and implementer experiences of mobile health (mHealth) technologies developed for noncommunicable chronic disease management in young adults. "End users" are defined as young people aged 15-24 years, and "implementers" are defined as health service providers, clinicians, policy makers and administrators.The two key questions we wish to systematically explore from identified relevant qualitative studies or studies with qualitative components are...
August 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794290/e-learning-model-in-chronic-kidney-disease-management-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Hamid Barahimi, Mitra Zolfaghari, Farid Abolhassani, Abass Rahimi Foroushani, Aeen Mohammadi, Farahnaz Rajaee
INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a challenging health problem. The present study examined impact of self-care education through e-learning on improving kidney function among individuals with CKD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The studied population consisted of CKD patients receiving care at 10 centers for treating noncommunicable diseases in Tehran. Three centers were randomly selected and 39 patients with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) less than 60 mL/min/1...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794288/kidney-disease-in-oman-a-view-of-the-current-and-future-landscapes
#6
Intisar Hamed Al Alawi, Issa Al Salmi, Adhra Al Mawali, John A Sayer
Oman is located in the southeast of Arabian Peninsula with a relatively young population of about 3 831 553 people. The Ministry of Health, which is the healthcare provider, is facing a challenge with the increased levels of noncommunicable diseases including chronic kidney disease. A growing number of patients progress to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), demanding renal replacement therapy. In 2014, there were 1339 of ESKD patients receiving dialysis and almost 1400 patients received kidney transplants. The estimated annual incidence of ESKD is 120 patients per million population...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791983/a-descriptive-study-of-the-morbidity-pattern-of-older-persons-presenting-at-a-geriatric-centre-in-southwestern-nigeria
#7
E O Cadmus, L A Adebusoye, O O Olowookere, O G Oluwatosin, E T Owoaje, T O Alonge
CONTEXT: Rapid population ageing is a demographic reality in most countries of the world. Old age is associated with changes which may culminate in health problems, necessitating provision of appropriate preventive, curative, and rehabilitative services. However, reports from many low- and middle-income countries have shown lack of preparedness to cater for the healthcare needs of older persons. AIM: This study described the morbidity profile and its determinants among persons aged 60 years and above who presented at an established geriatric centre in southwestern Nigeria...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790858/diabetes-in-sub-saharan-africa-from-policy-to-practice-to-progress-targeting-the-existing-gaps-for-future-care-for-diabetes
#8
REVIEW
Sonak D Pastakia, Chelsea R Pekny, Simon M Manyara, Lydia Fischer
The global prevalence and impact of diabetes has increased dramatically, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. This region faces unique challenges in combating the disease including lack of funding for noncommunicable diseases, lack of availability of studies and guidelines specific to the population, lack of availability of medications, differences in urban and rural patients, and inequity between public and private sector health care. Because of these challenges, diabetes has a greater impact on morbidity and mortality related to the disease in sub-Saharan Africa than any other region in the world...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771083/australian-adult-physical-activity-sufficiency-trend-data-positive-prevalent-and-persistent-changes-2002-2012
#9
Katherine R Devonshire-Gill, Kevin Norton
BACKGROUND: Insufficient physical activity [PA] is a risk factor for several noncommunicable diseases [NCDs]. The World Health Organisation stresses the need for national PA trend data to help inform strategies to arrest NCD incidence. The Active Australia Survey [AAS] questionnaire quantifies leisure-time physical activity [LTPA]. Despite being used repeatedly in large population surveys, these data have never been analysed as a single dataset. This study established temporal trends for aerobic PA sufficiency prevalences in the Australian adult [18-75+ years] population, 2002-2012, based on LTPA...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763912/-a-new-chapter-in-noncommunicable-diseases-prevention-and-control-in-china-a-comment-on-national-medium-and-long-term-plan-on-prevention-and-control-of-noncommunicable-diseases-2017-2025
#10
W H Zhao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762707/primary-care-for-refugees-challenges-and-opportunities
#11
REVIEW
Ranit Mishori, Shoshana Aleinikoff, Dawn Davis
Since 1975, more than 3 million refugees have settled in the United States, fleeing unrest, conflict, and persecution. Refugees represent diverse ethnic, cultural, religious, socioeconomic, and educational backgrounds. Despite this heterogeneity, there are commonalities in the refugee experience. Before resettlement, all refugees must undergo an overseas medical screening to detect conditions that pose a potential health threat in the United States. On arrival, they should undergo an examination to detect diseases with high prevalence in their country of origin or departure...
July 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759399/time-use-patterns-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents
#12
Monica Wong, Tim Olds, Lisa Gold, Kate Lycett, Dorothea Dumuid, Josh Muller, Fiona K Mensah, David Burgner, John B Carlin, Ben Edwards, Terence Dwyer, Peter Azzopardi, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVES: To describe 24-hour time-use patterns and their association with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in early adolescence. METHODS: The Child Health CheckPoint was a cross-sectional study nested between Waves 6 and 7 of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. The participants were 1455 11- to 12-year-olds (39% of Wave 6; 51% boys). The exposure was 24-hour time use measured across 259 activities using the Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adolescents...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758701/effectiveness-of-self-management-programmes-in-diabetes-management-a-systematic-review
#13
Aldrin Vas, Elsa Sanatombi Devi, Sudha Vidyasagar, Raviraja Acharya, Nileshwar Radhakrishna Rau, Anice George, Tessy Jose, Baby Nayak
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a major noncommunicable disease, which is increasing, and approximately 415 million people are affected around the globe. Since diabetes is a lifelong disease, patients require better understanding and knowledge of the condition to become self-reliant in making diabetes-related decisions. AIMS: This systematic review was performed to assess the effectiveness of diabetes self-management programs in people with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was undertaken to identify all published English language articles through EBSCO discovery services in the following electronic database: Science Direct, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, MEDLINE, and Access Medicine...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758369/early-life-factors-obesity-risk-and-the-metabolome-of-young-adults
#14
Sebastian Rauschert, Trevor A Mori, Lawrence J Beilin, Peter Jacoby, Olaf Uhl, Berthold Koletzko, Wendy H Oddy, Christian Hellmuth
OBJECTIVE: Noncommunicable diseases such as obesity have become a serious global public health epidemic. This study aimed to examine whether there was an association between early life factors (with a special focus on breastfeeding) BMI, waist circumference, and the metabolome in offspring at 20 years. METHODS: Data from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study were analyzed using 1,024 plasma samples from the 20-year follow-up. A liquid chromatography, tandem mass spectrometry metabolomics approach was used to measure metabolites...
July 31, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755975/microfluidic-mass-spectrometry-interfaces-for-translational-proteomics
#15
REVIEW
R Daniel Pedde, Huiyan Li, Christoph H Borchers, Mohsen Akbari
Interfacing mass spectrometry (MS) with microfluidic chips (μchip-MS) holds considerable potential to transform a clinician's toolbox, providing translatable methods for the early detection, diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of noncommunicable diseases by streamlining and integrating laborious sample preparation workflows on high-throughput, user-friendly platforms. Overcoming the limitations of competitive immunoassays - currently the gold standard in clinical proteomics - μchip-MS can provide unprecedented access to complex proteomic assays having high sensitivity and specificity, but without the labor, costs, and complexities associated with conventional MS sample processing...
July 26, 2017: Trends in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751789/trends-in-inequality-in-length-of-life-in-india-a-decomposition-analysis-by-age-and-causes-of-death
#16
Abhishek Singh, Ankita Shukla, Faujdar Ram, Kaushalendra Kumar
BACKGROUND: Studies dealing with trends in inequality in length of life in India are rare. Studies documenting the contribution of age and causes of death to the inequality in length of life are more limited. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to examine the trends in inequality in length of life in India and 15 major states of India and to decompose the inequality in length of life into the contributions of age and causes of death. METHOD: We use life table Gini coefficient (G0) to measure the inequality in length of life...
2017: Genus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751124/leisure-time-physical-activity-in-young-adults-born-preterm
#17
Marjaana Tikanmäki, Nina Kaseva, Tuija Tammelin, Marika Sipola-Leppänen, Hanna-Maria Matinolli, Johan G Eriksson, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Marja Vääräsmäki, Eero Kajantie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the amount of self-reported physical activity in young adults born prematurely compared with those born at term. STUDY DESIGN: Unimpaired participants of the Preterm Birth Study (Preterm Birth and Early Life Programming of Adult Health and Disease) birth cohort study were studied at age 23.3 ± 1.2 (SD) years: 118 born early preterm (<34 weeks), 210 late preterm (34-36 weeks), and 311 born at term (≥37 weeks, controls). The participants completed a validated 30-item, 12-month physical activity questionnaire...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746656/mortality-due-to-noncommunicable-diseases-in-brazil-1990-to-2015-according-to-estimates-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#18
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Elisabeth França, Daisy Maria Xavier Abreu, Rosângela Durso Perillo, Maíra Coube Salmen, Renato Azeredo Teixeira, Valeria Passos, Maria de Fátima Marinho Souza, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading health problem globally and generate high numbers of premature deaths and loss of quality of life. The aim here was to describe the major groups of causes of death due to NCDs and the ranking of the leading causes of premature death between 1990 and 2015, according to the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study estimates for Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study covering Brazil and its 27 federal states...
May 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734508/assessing-and-improving-childhood-nutrition-and-growth-globally
#19
REVIEW
Anne M Williams, Parminder S Suchdev
Improving maternal and child nutrition is central to global development goals and reducing the noncommunicable disease burden. Although the process of becoming malnourished starts in utero, the consequences of poor nutrition extend across the life cycle and into future generations. The global nutrition targets for 2025 include reducing infant and young child growth faltering, halting the increase of overweight children, improving breastfeeding practices, and reducing maternal anemia. In this review, we address nutritional assessment, discuss nonnutritive factors that affect growth, and endorse the evidence-based interventions that should be scaled up to improve maternal and child nutrition...
August 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734324/adolescence-and-later-life-disease-burden-quantifying-the-contribution-of-adolescent-tobacco-initiation-from-longitudinal-cohorts
#20
Russell M Viner, Dougal S Hargreaves, Janaina Vieira Dos Santos Motta, Bernardo Horta, Ali H Mokdad, George Patton
PURPOSE: Adolescence is a time of initiation of behaviors leading to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). We use tobacco to illustrate a novel method for assessing the contribution of adolescence to later burden. METHODS: Data on initiation of regular smoking during adolescence (10-19 years) and current adult smoking were obtained from the 1958 British Birth Cohort, the U.S. National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), the Pelotas 1982 Birth Cohort, and the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study...
August 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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