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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724644/the-effect-of-magnesium-supplementation-on-blood-pressure-in-individuals-with-insulin-resistance-prediabetes-or-noncommunicable-chronic-diseases-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
Daniel T Dibaba, Pengcheng Xun, Yiqing Song, Andrea Rosanoff, Michael Shechter, Ka He
Background: To our knowledge, the effect of magnesium supplementation on blood pressure (BP) in individuals with preclinical or noncommunicable diseases has not been previously investigated in a meta-analysis, and the findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been inconsistent.Objective: We sought to determine the pooled effect of magnesium supplementation on BP in participants with preclinical or noncommunicable diseases.Design: We identified RCTs that were published in English before May 2017 that examined the effect of magnesium supplementation on BP in individuals with preclinical or noncommunicable diseases through PubMed, ScienceDirect, Cochrane, clinicaltrials...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721965/the-rise-of-global-health-diplomacy-an-interdisciplinary-concept-linking-health-and-international-relations
#2
Vijay Kumar Chattu
Global health diplomacy (GHD) is relatively a very new field that has yet to be clearly defined and developed though there are various definitions given by different experts from foreign policy, global health, diplomacy, international relations, governance, and law. With the intensification of globalization and increasing gaps between countries, new and reemerging health threats such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, influenza, severe acute respiratory syndrome, Ebola, and Zika and a gradual rethinking on security concepts framed a new political context...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719772/inequalities-in-household-catastrophic-health-expenditure-and-impoverishment-associated-with-noncommunicable-diseases-in-chi-linh-hai-duong-vietnam
#3
Vu Duy Kien, Hoang Van Minh, Nguyen Bao Ngoc, Tran Bich Phuong, Tran Thu Ngan, Mikkel B Quam
A costly modern-day double burden, the expenses of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are becoming a devastating epidemic. The World Health Organization estimates $7 trillion in economic losses from NCDs in 2011-2025. Although regarded as affluent diseases, the burden of NCDs is shifting into poorer groups. In this study, we assessed the socioeconomic inequalities in catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment associated with NCDs in Northern Vietnam. We also identified associated factors for catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719767/capacity-of-commune-health-stations-in-chi-linh-district-hai-duong-province-for-prevention-and-control-of-noncommunicable-diseases
#4
Nguyen Thi Thuy Nga, Bui Thi My Anh, Nguyen Nguyen Ngoc, Dang Minh Diem, Vu Duy Kien, Tran Bich Phuong, Tran Quynh Anh, Hoang Van Minh
The primary health care system in Vietnam has been playing an important role in prevention and control of diseases. This study aimed to describe the capacity of commune health stations in Chi Linh district, Hai Duong province for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). A mixed-methods (quantitative and qualitative approaches) approach was applied to collect data in 20 commune health stations. The participants, including health workers, stakeholders, and patients with NCDs, were selected for the study...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682818/respiratory-problems-in-low-resource-settings
#5
Mhoira E F Leng, Sunitha Daniel, Daniel Munday
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic breathlessness is common in patients with advanced illness who require palliative care. Achieving good symptom control can be challenging. More people with advanced illness live in low and middle income than in high-income countries, but they are much less likely to receive palliative care. Most of the emerging evidence for the palliative management of chronic breathlessness is from high-income countries. This review explores the context of chronic breathlessness in low-income settings, how evidence for control of chronic breathlessness might relate to these settings and where further work should be focused...
July 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682801/upping-the-ante-working-harder-to-address-physical-inactivity-in-older-adults
#6
Denise Taylor, Elizabeth Binns, Nada Signal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Physical inactivity in older adults is associated with declining functional capacity, sarcopenia, metabolic changes, and cognitive changes. Current Physical Activity Guidelines recommend 150 min of moderate-intensity exercise along with strengthening and balance exercises. Despite the guidelines there is little evidence of a population-based change in physical activity. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a growing body of research investigating the use of high-intensity interval training in older adult to improve health-related outcomes...
July 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678847/comparing-distributions-of-polygenic-risk-scores-of-type-2-diabetes-and-coronary-heart-disease-within-different-populations
#7
Sulev Reisberg, Tatjana Iljasenko, Kristi Läll, Krista Fischer, Jaak Vilo
Polygenic risk scores are gaining more and more attention for estimating genetic risks for liabilities, especially for noncommunicable diseases. They are now calculated using thousands of DNA markers. In this paper, we compare the score distributions of two previously published very large risk score models within different populations. We show that the risk score model together with its risk stratification thresholds, built upon the data of one population, cannot be applied to another population without taking into account the target population's structure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677988/national-palliative-care-capacities-around-the-world-results-from-the-world-health-organization-noncommunicable-disease-country-capacity-survey
#8
Lee Sharkey, Belinda Loring, Melanie Cowan, Leanne Riley, Eric L Krakauer
BACKGROUND: Previous estimates of global palliative care development have not been based on official country data. AIM: The World Health Organization Noncommunicable Disease Country Capacity Survey of World Health Organization member state officials monitors countries' capacities for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases. In 2015, for the first time, questions were included on a number of palliative care development metrics to generate baseline data for monitoring global palliative care development...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674563/-type-i-diabetes-mellitus-in-children-less-than-5-years-case-study-conducted-at-the-university-clinics-of-lubumbashi-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Maguy Ngongo Omoy, Didier Munganga Ngoy, Eric Kasamba Ilunga, DonDieu Bafwafwa Ntumba, Gray Kanteng A Wakamb, Stanis Wembonyama Okitosho, Oscar Luboya Numbi
Worldwide trends in type I diabetes mellitus (T1DM) are changing. It is increasingly affecting children of less than 5 years. The smaller the child, the greater the complexity of patient management. A delay in diagnosis or poor treatment can cause sudden death due to acute severe complications. It would be worth looking at this, raising public awareness, adapting our healthcare system to face this epidemic of noncommunicable diseases in Africa and establishing registers to analyze the epidemiological characteristics of type I diabetes mellitus in our environment...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673401/an-exposome-perspective-early-life-events-and-immune-development-in-a-changing-world
#10
REVIEW
Harald Renz, Patrick G Holt, Michael Inouye, Alan C Logan, Susan L Prescott, Peter D Sly
Advances in metagenomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and systems biology are providing a new emphasis in research; interdisciplinary work suggests that personalized medicine is on the horizon. These advances are illuminating sophisticated interactions between human-associated microbes and the immune system. The result is a transformed view of future prevention and treatment of chronic noncommunicable diseases, including allergy. Paradigm-shifting gains in scientific knowledge are occurring at a time of rapid global environmental change, urbanization, and biodiversity losses...
July 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659230/seedi-1-0-3-0-strategies-for-major-noncommunicable-diseases-in-china
#11
Chun-Song Hu, Tengiz Tkebuchava
The purpose of this article is to briefly introduce the status and challenges of major noncommunicable diseases (mNCDs), which include cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer, as well as related risk factors, such as environmental pollution, smoking, obesity and sleep disorders. "S-E-E-D" rules or the strategies of "S-E-E-D" intervention (SEEDi) consist of four core healthy elements: sleep, emotion, exercise and diet. The history of SEEDi(1.0-3.0) is also introduced, which includes versions 1.0, 1.5, 2...
July 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657530/-analysis-of-tissue-bioavailability-of-total-polyphenols-by-folin-ciocalteu-and-fast-blue-bb-techniques-in-organs-of-balb-c-c-mice
#12
A R Miranda, C Albrecht, E A Soria
Biomedical potential of polyphenols lies in their ability to modulate redox balance and the mechanisms involved in the development of chronic noncommunicable diseases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the concentration of total polyphenols in different murine organs by assaying analytical techniques of Folin Ciocalteu (FC) and Fast Blue BB (FBBB). METHOD: Balb/c female mice (n≥3) received for 15 days 100 mg/kg/d of extract of Lantana grisebachii (LG), Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco (AQB) or Ilex paraguariensis (IP) and control group (treated with water without extract)...
2017: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652462/protective-low-frequency-variants-for-preeclampsia-in-the-fms-related-tyrosine-kinase-1-gene-in-the-finnish-population
#13
A Inkeri Lokki, Emma Daly, Michael Triebwasser, Mitja I Kurki, Elisha D O Roberson, Paavo Häppölä, Kirsi Auro, Markus Perola, Seppo Heinonen, Eero Kajantie, Juha Kere, Katja Kivinen, Anneli Pouta, Jane E Salmon, Seppo Meri, Mark Daly, John P Atkinson, Hannele Laivuori
Preeclampsia is a common pregnancy-specific vascular disorder characterized by new-onset hypertension and proteinuria during the second half of pregnancy. Predisposition to preeclampsia is in part heritable. It is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease later in life. We have sequenced 124 candidate genes implicated in preeclampsia to pinpoint genetic variants contributing to predisposition to or protection from preeclampsia. First, targeted exomic sequencing was performed in 500 preeclamptic women and 190 controls from the FINNPEC cohort (Finnish Genetics of Preeclampsia Consortium)...
August 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648264/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-interprofessional-education-in-nutrition-as-an-essential-component-of-medical-education
#14
Lisa A Hark, Darwin Deen
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) should play a significant role in educating medical students, residents, fellows, and physicians in practice. The more physicians learn about the effectiveness of nutrition for the prevention and treatment of noncommunicable diseases, the more likely they are to consult with RDNs and refer patients for medical nutrition therapy. The more interprofessional education that occurs between medical students, other health professional students, and RDNs, the more likely all health care professionals will understand and value the role of the RDN in improving the quality of care provided to patients...
July 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642040/global-geriatric-oncology-achievements-and-challenges
#15
REVIEW
Enrique Soto-Perez-de-Celis, Nienke A de Glas, Tina Hsu, Ravindran Kanesvaran, Christopher Steer, Ana Patricia Navarrete-Reyes, Nicolo Matteo Luca Battisti, Yanin Chavarri-Guerra, Anita O'Donovan, Jose Alberto Avila-Funes, Arti Hurria
The aging of the population is a global challenge. The number of older adults is rapidly growing, leading to an increase in the prevalence of noncommunicable diseases associated with aging, such as cancer. Worldwide, older adults account for approximately half of all cancer cases, and this proportion is projected to increase globally. Furthermore, the majority of older adults live in less developed regions, where health systems are generally ill-equipped to provide care for complex chronic conditions. Worldwide, there is paucity of geriatric training, and most of the oncology workforce lacks the skills and knowledge to provide comprehensive care for older patients...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636456/healthcare-system-in-indonesia
#16
Suryanto, Virginia Plummer, Malcolm Boyle
The cultural diversity, its archipelago, and the major religion being Muslim have all influenced the development of the healthcare in Indonesia. The authors' objective is to describe the evolution of the healthcare system in Indonesia. Community-based health service, called puskesmas, is the key of the healthcare service in the country. The World Health Organization estimated that 64% of all deaths in Indonesia are caused by noncommunicable diseases, which might relate to the mostly unorganized prehospital care system...
June 21, 2017: Hospital Topics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633867/review-of-a-causal-role-of-fructose-containing-sugars-in-myocardial-susceptibility-to-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#17
REVIEW
Gerald J Maarman, Amy E Mendham, Kim Lamont, Cindy George
In 2012, the World Health Organization Global Status Report on noncommunicable diseases showed that 7.4 million deaths were due to ischemic heart disease. Consequently, cardiovascular disease is a significant health burden, especially when partnered with comorbidities such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Of note, these diseases can all be induced or exacerbated by diet. Carbohydrates, in particular, fructose and glucose, generally form the largest part of the human diet. Accumulating evidence from animal studies suggests that if large amounts of fructose are consumed either in isolation or in combination with glucose (fructose-containing sugars), myocardial susceptibility to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury increases...
June 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632767/how-is-indonesia-coping-with-its-epidemic-of-chronic-noncommunicable-diseases-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#18
Julia Schröders, Stig Wall, Mohammad Hakimi, Fatwa Sari Tetra Dewi, Lars Weinehall, Mark Nichter, Maria Nilsson, Hari Kusnanto, Ekowati Rahajeng, Nawi Ng
BACKGROUND: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have emerged as a huge global health problem in low- and middle-income countries. The magnitude of the rise of NCDs is particularly visible in Southeast Asia where limited resources have been used to address this rising epidemic, as in the case of Indonesia. Robust evidence to measure growing NCD-related burdens at national and local levels and to aid national discussion on social determinants of health and intra-country inequalities is needed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623056/the-prevalence-and-risk-factor-control-associated-with-noncommunicable-diseases-in-china-japan-and-korea
#19
Defu Ma, Hiromichi Sakai, Chihiro Wakabayashi, Jong-Sook Kwon, Yoonna Lee, Shuo Liu, Qiaoqin Wan, Kumiko Sasao, Kanade Ito, Ken Nishihara, Peiyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Noncommunicable disease (NCD) has become the leading cause of mortality and disease burden worldwide. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out to investigate the prevalence of NCDs and risk factor control on dietary behaviors and dietary intake in China, Japan, and Korea. RESULTS: There were significant differences among the three countries on the prevalence of hypertension (24.5% in China, 17.6% in Korea, and 15.2% in Japan), diabetes (8...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617183/hypermethylated-cpg-sites-in-the-mtr-gene-promoter-in-preterm-placenta
#20
Vinita V Khot, Dilip K Yadav, Smeeta Shrestha, Lovejeet Kaur, Deepali P Sundrani, Preeti M Chavan-Gautam, Savita S Mehendale, Giriraj R Chandak, Sadhana R Joshi
AIM: Altered maternal one-carbon metabolism influences placental DNA methylation patterns and 'programs' the fetus for noncommunicable diseases in adult life. EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES: Levels of plasma folate, vitamin B12, homocysteine, mRNA and protein levels of MTHFR and MTR enzymes in placenta were compared among women delivering preterm (n = 83) and term (n = 75). MTR promoter CpG methylation was undertaken. RESULTS: MTHFR and MTR mRNA levels were higher while protein levels were lower, and MTR CpG sites were hypermethylated in the preterm group, as compared with the term group...
June 15, 2017: Epigenomics
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