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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783246/-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0%C2%BA-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0
#1
Nataliia O Rynhach, Vasyl M Mykhalchuk, Anatolii H Krut
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: This publication focuses on role of physical activity in promoting and protecting health and well-being. Physical activity is a significant risk factor for noncommunicable diseases. The public's awareness of the risk factors of non-communicable diseases is an important component of their control. The aim: To estimate the level of knowledge of the working age population regarding the essence of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors for non-communicable diseases (with an emphasis on lack of physical activity and its consequences) according to qualitative and quantitative sociological research...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780764/gender-differences-in-the-relationship-between-built-environment-and-non-communicable-diseases-a-systematic-review
#2
Joanna Sara Valson, V Raman Kutty
Non-communicable diseases are on the rise globally. Risk factors of non-communicable diseases continue to be a growing concern in both developed and developing countries. With significant rise in population and establishment of buildings, rapid changes have taken place in the built environment. Relationship between health and place, particularly with non-communicable diseases has been established in previous literature. This systematic review assesses the current evidence on influence of gender in the relationship between built environment and non-communicable diseases...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771614/timely-granular-and-actionable-informatics-in-the-public-health-3-0-era
#3
Y Claire Wang, Karen DeSalvo
Ensuring the conditions for all people to be healthy, though always the core mission of public health, has evolved in approaches in response to the changing epidemiology and challenges. In the Public Health 3.0 era, multisectorial efforts are essential in addressing not only infectious or noncommunicable diseases but also upstream social determinants of health. In this article, we argue that actionable, geographically granular, and timely intelligence is an essential infrastructure for the protection of our health today...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770169/dietary-total-antioxidant-capacity-and-dietary-polyphenol-intake-and-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-polish-adults-a-nationwide-study
#4
Małgorzata Elżbieta Zujko, Anna Waśkiewicz, Anna Maria Witkowska, Danuta Szcześniewska, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Krystyna Kozakiewicz, Wojciech Drygas
Specific classes and subclasses of polyphenols have been studied for their potential effects on noncommunicable diseases, but studies on association between dietary polyphenol intake (DPI) and dietary total antioxidant capacity (DTAC) and MetS (metabolic syndrome) are scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine associations between DTAC and DPI and the prevalence of MetS and its components in the Polish adult population. Subjects (5690) were participants of the Polish National Multicentre Health Examination Survey (WOBASZ II study) performed in 2013-2014...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768591/noncommunicable-chronic-diseases-the-contemporary-challenge-in-public-health
#5
EDITORIAL
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Marta Maria Alves da Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764525/development-of-understanding-of-dohad-concepts-in-students-during-undergraduate-health-professional-programs-in-japan-and-new-zealand
#6
M Oyamada, A Lim, R Dixon, C Wall, J Bay
Evidence in support of the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) hypothesis has reached the level where it can appropriately be used to inform practice. DOHaD informed interventions supporting primary noncommunicable disease risk reduction should target the pre- and periconceptional periods, pregnancy, lactation, childhood and adolescence. Such interventions are dependent on a health workforce (including dietitians, nurses, midwives, doctors, and nutrition teachers), that has a deep understanding of DOHaD concepts...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754037/evaluation-of-the-long-term-impact-of-improving-care-for-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-china
#7
Limin Wang, Qing Ye, Ole Kjerkegaard Nielsen, Anne Gadegaard, William J Valentine, Barnaby Hunt, Linhong Wang
BACKGROUND: The member states of the United Nations launched 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) as part of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. SDG target 3.4 focused on reducing premature mortality from noncommunicable diseases by one-third by 2030 through prevention and treatment and promoting mental health and well-being. Diabetes is associated with significant clinical and economic burden in China. OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of improving care for people with diabetes in China, and how this relates to achieving SDG target 3...
May 10, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753401/vitamin-d-and-calcimimetics-in-cardiovascular-disease
#8
REVIEW
Kenneth Lim, Takayuki Hamano, Ravi Thadhani
Cardiovascular disease has earned its place as one of the leading noncommunicable diseases that has become a modern-day global epidemic. The increasing incidence and prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has added to this enormous burden, given that CKD is now recognized as an established risk factor for accelerated cardiovascular disease. In fact, cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death in the CKD population, with significant prognostic implications. Alterations in vitamin D levels as renal function declines has been linked invariably to the development of cardiovascular disease beyond a mere epiphenomenon, and has become an important focus in recent years in our search for new therapies...
May 2018: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750055/noncommunicable-disease-and-multimorbidity-in-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#9
Daniel G Whitney, Edward A Hurvitz, Jennifer M Ryan, Maureen J Devlin, Michelle S Caird, Zachary P French, Elie C Ellenberg, Mark D Peterson
Purpose: Individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) are at increased risk for frailty and chronic disease due to factors experienced throughout the lifespan, such as excessive sedentary behaviors and malnutrition. However, little is known about noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and multimorbidity profiles in young adults with CP. The study objective was to compare NCD and multimorbidity profiles between young adults with and without CP. Methods: A clinic-based sample of adults (18-30 years) with (n=452) and without (n=448) CP was examined at the University of Michigan Medical Center...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745781/multi-sectoral-approach-to-noncommunicable-disease-prevention-policy-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-conceptual-framework-for-analysis
#10
Saliyou Sanni, Jennifer P Wisdom, Olalekan A Ayo-Yusuf, Charles Hongoro
Conceptual frameworks for health policy analysis guide investigations into interactions between institutions, interests, and ideas to identify how to improve policy decisions and outcomes. This review assessed constructs from current frameworks and theories of health policy analysis to (1) develop a preliminary synthesis of findings from selected frameworks and theories; (2) analyze relationships between elements of those frameworks and theories to construct an overarching framework for health policy analysis; and then, (3) apply that overarching framework to analyze tobacco control policies in Togo and in South Africa...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728346/the-effectiveness-of-smartphone-apps-for-lifestyle-improvement-in-noncommunicable-diseases-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#11
REVIEW
Pernille Lunde, Birgitta Blakstad Nilsson, Astrid Bergland, Kari Jorunn Kværner, Asta Bye
BACKGROUND: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) account for 70% of all deaths in a year globally. The four main NCDs are cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic pulmonary diseases, and diabetes mellitus. Fifty percent of persons with NCD do not adhere to prescribed treatment; in fact, adherence to lifestyle interventions is especially considered as a major challenge. Smartphone apps permit structured monitoring of health parameters, as well as the opportunity to receive feedback. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review and assess the effectiveness of app-based interventions, lasting at least 3 months, to promote lifestyle changes in patients with NCDs...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725543/dietary-pattern-and-macronutrients-profile-on-the-variation-of-inflammatory-biomarkers-scientific-update
#12
REVIEW
Brenda Kelly Souza Silveira, Thatianne Moreira Silva Oliveira, Patrícia Amaro Andrade, Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff, Carla de Oliveira Barbosa Rosa, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini
It is known that the dietary pattern and macronutrients profile may influence the expression and secretion of inflammatory biomarkers, and the low-grade inflammation is associated with the manifestation of noncommunicable chronic diseases. Therefore, this review aimed to present and discuss the role of dietary patterns and macronutrients on the variation of inflammatory markers related to NCD risk. Scientific evidences within the last five years based on clinical trials, case-controls, cohorts, and cross-sectional studies indicate that normocaloric, carbohydrate-moderated, low-glycemic index, protein-moderated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acid-rich, omega-3, and low-saturated fat diets display positive effects on the inflammatory state, both in healthy individuals and in those with cardiovascular risk, although the second group seems to benefit more from changes in the dietary profile...
2018: Cardiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716848/worsening-of-the-cardiovascular-profile-in-a-developing-country-the-greater-beirut-area-cardiovascular-cohort
#13
Hussain A Isma'eel, Mohamad M Almedawar, Juliana Breidy, Mona Nasrallah, Nancy Nakhoul, Youssef Mouneimne, Lara Nasreddine, Nathalie Khoueiry-Zgheib, Mohamad Abiad, Hani Tamim
BACKGROUND: Lebanon has no established governmental noncommunicable diseases surveillance and monitoring system to permit reporting on noncommunicable diseases rates. The last World Health Organization-supported surveillance report showed worrying trends in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. OBJECTIVES: A cardiovascular cohort was established to permit CVD outcomes studies in an urban sample in the Lebanese capital and the study in hand presents the baseline CVD risk factors of this cohort...
April 28, 2018: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707599/prevalence-and-evolution-of-renal-impairment-in-people-living-with-hiv-in-rural-tanzania
#14
Herry Mapesi, Aneth V Kalinjuma, Alphonce Ngerecha, Fabian Franzeck, Christoph Hatz, Marcel Tanner, Michael Mayr, Hansjakob Furrer, Manuel Battegay, Emilio Letang, Maja Weisser, Tracy R Glass
Background: We assessed the prevalence, incidence, and predictors of renal impairment among people living with HIV (PLWHIV) in rural Tanzania. Methods: In a cohort of PLWHIV aged ≥15 years enrolled from January 2013 to June 2016, we assessed the association between renal impairment (estimated glomerural filtration rate < 90 mL/min/1.73 m2 ) at enrollment and during follow-up with demographic and clinical characteristcis using logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards models...
April 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702535/renal-replacement-therapy-in-eritrea
#15
Fikrejesus Amahazion
Historically, communicable diseases in addition to maternal, perinatal, and malnutrition have accounted for the greatest burden of morbidity and mortality in many developing countries. This spectrum however has recently begun to shift toward chronic noncommunicable diseases, including diabetes and hypertension. Although great strides have been made in the diagnosis and care of chronic kidney disease in the industrialized world, the availability of renal replacement therapy and kidney transplantation is unequivocally lower in Africa than in any other region of the world...
May 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698949/salivary-and-serum-antioxidant-and-oxidative-stress-markers-in-dental-caries
#16
Fatemeh Ahmadi-Motamayel, Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi, Ali Mahdavinezhad, Zohreh Jamshidi, Mohammad Darvishi
Dental caries is the most common, chronic, noncommunicable, preventable oral disease worldwide. Oxidation may play an important role in dental caries initiation and progression. Antioxidants in body fluids protect cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate salivary and serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in dental caries. A total of 118 healthy caries-free and caries-active male and female students participated. Caries was detected clinically. Unstimulated whole-saliva samples and blood samples were obtained...
April 26, 2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689541/management-of-long-term-complications-of-hiv-disease-focus-on-cardiovascular-disease
#17
Judith S Currier
HIV-infected individuals on effective antiretroviral therapy experience a number of non-AIDS noncommunicable diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, more frequently than uninfected individuals. Common pathways for such diseases are chronic immune activation and inflammation, including the prolonged inflammation associated with lower nadir CD4+ cell count. Prevention and treatment of non-AIDS conditions include treatment of traditional risk factors, lifestyle interventions, earlier initiation of antiretroviral therapy, and potentially therapies specifically targeting inflammation and immune activation (eg, statins)...
April 2018: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681637/nutrinet-salud-m%C3%A3-xico-prospective-study-online-2018-2028-relationship-between-nutrition-and-health-and-determinants-of-dietary-habits-and-nutritional-status
#18
Jorge Armando Barriguete-Meléndez, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galán, André Parodi, Jacques Baulieux
Background: NutriNet-Salud Mexico is a digital health information system, e-epidemiology instrument, online, open and free, to recording and analysis the determinants of dietary habits and nutritional status of the Mexican population, for the prevention of overweight, obesity and noncommunicable diseases for the period 2018-2028. Objective: Describe the design, development and implementation of NutriNet-Salud Mexico from the French model NutriNet-Santé France 2008-2018...
2018: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680996/from-john-snow-to-omics-the-long-journey-of-environmental-epidemiology
#19
Paolo Vineis
A major difference between infectious and non-communicable diseases is that infectious diseases typically have unique necessary causes whereas noncommunicable diseases have multiple causes which by themselves are usually neither necessary nor sufficient. Epidemiology seems to have reached a limit in disentangling the role of single components in causal complexes, particularly at low doses. To overcome limitations the discipline can take advantage of technical developments including the science of the exposome...
April 21, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668591/prevalence-and-correlates-of-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-among-art-naive-hiv-patients-in-the-niger-delta-region-of-nigeria
#20
Udeme E Ekrikpo, Andre P Kengne, Effiong E Akpan, Emmanuel E Effa, Aminu K Bello, John U Ekott, Cindy George, Babatunde L Salako, Ikechi G Okpechi
Widespread use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients has led to improved longevity with the attendant increase in noncommunicable disease prevalence including chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study documents the prevalence of CKD in a large HIV population in Southern Nigeria.This is a single center, 15-year analysis in ART-naïve patients. CKD was defined as the occurrence of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m on 2 consecutive occasions 3 to 12 months apart using the chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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