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Autophagy lung

Hongyan Lin, Xiaohong Zhang, Nannan Feng, Ruoyang Wang, Weituo Zhang, Xiaobei Deng, Yu Wang, Xiao Yu, Xiaofei Ye, Lei Li, Ying Qian, Herbert Yu, Biyun Qian
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ecological studies have shown that air pollution and prevalence of cigarette smoking are positively correlated. Evidence also suggests a synergistic effect of cigarette smoking and PM2.5 exposure (Environmental Particulate Matter ≤ 2.5 µm in diameter) on lung cancer risk. We aimed to evaluate the interaction between smoking prevalence and PM2.5 pollution in relation to lung cancer mortality and determine its underlying mechanisms in vitro. METHODS: "MOVER" method was used to analyze the interaction between smoking prevalence and PM2...
June 15, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Jitendra Kumar Tripathi, Atul Sharma, Pramod Sukumaran, Yuyang Sun, Bibhuti Bhusan Mishra, Brij Bhan Singh, Jyotika Sharma
Neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation constitutes an important extracellular antimicrobial function of neutrophils that plays a protective role in bacterial pneumonia. Formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as highly diffusible hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) is a hallmark of oxidative stress during inflammatory lung conditions including pneumonia. However, the impact of exogenous ROS on NET formation and the signaling pathway involved in the process is not completely understood. Here we demonstrate that the ROS-sensing, nonselective, calcium-permeable channel transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) is required for NET formation in response to exogenous H2 O2 ...
June 15, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Jiwei Guo, Yan Wu, Jing Du, Lijuan Yang, Weiwei Chen, Kaikai Gong, Juanjuan Dai, Shuang Miao, Dan Jin, Sichuan Xi
The roles of aberrantly regulated autophagy in human malignancy and the mechanisms that initiate and sustain the repression of autophagy in carcinogenesis are less well defined. Activation of the oncogene UBE2C and repression of autophagy are concurrently underlying the initiation, progression, and metastasis of lung cancer and exploration of essential association of UBE2C with autophagy will confer more options in searching novel molecular therapeutic targets in lung cancer. Here we report that aberrant activation of UBE2C in lung tumors from patients associates with adverse prognosis and enhances cell proliferation, clonogenicity, and invasive growth of NSCLC...
June 13, 2018: Oncogenesis
Wang Li, Heyong Wang, Yan Yang, Tian Zhao, Zhixiong Zhang, Ye Tian, Zhaomie Shi, Xiaojun Peng, Fei Li, Yonghong Feng, Lei Zhang, Gening Jiang, Fan Zhang
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients carrying EGFR activating mutations treated with gefitinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, will develop drug resistance. Ubiquitylation is one of major posttranslational modifications of proteins affecting the stability or function of proteins. However, the role of protein ubiquitylation in gefitinib resistance is poorly understood. To systematically identify the global change in protein expression and ubiquitylation during gefitinib resistance, we carried out quantitative global proteome and ubiquitylome study in a pair of gefitinib resistant and sensitive NSCLC cells...
June 14, 2018: Proteomics
Mengyun Li, Bingting Pan, Yongyan Shi, Jianhua Fu, Xindong Xue
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) seriously affects the health and prognosis of children, but the efficacy of treatments is poor. The present study aimed to examine the effects of C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) and microtubule‑associated protein light chain 3β (LC3B), and the interaction between CHOP and LC3B, in newborn rats with BPD. At 1, 7, 14 and 21 days, the rats in the model [fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2)=80‑85%] and control groups (FiO2=21%) were randomly sacrificed, and lung samples were collected...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Felipe V Pereira, Amanda Campelo L Melo, Jun Siong Low, Íris Arantes de Castro, Tárcio T Braga, Danilo C Almeida, Ana Gabriela U Batista de Lima, Meire I Hiyane, Matheus Correa-Costa, Vinicius Andrade-Oliveira, Clarice S T Origassa, Rosana M Pereira, Susan M Kaech, Elaine G Rodrigues, Niels Olsen S Câmara
The antitumor effect of metformin has been demonstrated in several types of cancer; however, the mechanisms involved are incompletely understood. In this study, we showed that metformin acts directly on melanoma cells as well as on the tumor microenvironment, particularly in the context of the immune response. In vitro , metformin induces a complex interplay between apoptosis and autophagy in melanoma cells. The anti-metastatic activity of metformin in vivo was assessed in several mouse models challenged with B16F10 cells...
May 25, 2018: Oncotarget
Yuting Wang, Ardhendu Kumar Mandal, Young-Ok Son, Poyil Pratheeshkumar, James T F Wise, Lei Wang, Zhuo Zhang, Xianglin Shi, Zhimin Chen
Environmental and occupational exposures to cadmium increase the risk of various cancers, including lung cancer. The carcinogenic mechanism of cadmium, including its prevention remains to be investigated. Using fluorescence and electron spin resonance spin trapping, the present study shows that in immortalized lung cells (BEAS-2BR cells), exposure cadmium generated reactive oxygen species (ROS). Through ROS generation, cadmium increased the protein level of TNF-α, which activated NF-κB and its target protein COX-2, creating an inflammatory microenvironment...
June 6, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Xingwu Jiang, Weiqiang Lu, Xiaoyang Shen, Quan Wang, Jing Lv, Mingyao Liu, Feixiong Cheng, Zhongming Zhao, Xiufeng Pang
Lung cancer patients treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) often develop resistance. More effective and safe therapeutic agents are urgently needed to overcome TKI resistance. Here, we propose a medical genetics-based approach to identify indications for over 1,000 US Food and Drug Administration-approved (FDA-approved) drugs with high accuracy. We identified a potentially novel indication for an approved antidepressant drug, sertraline, for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We found that sertraline inhibits the viability of NSCLC cells and shows a synergy with erlotinib...
June 7, 2018: JCI Insight
S-H Zou, X Du, H Lin, P-C Wang, M Li
OBJECTIVE:   To observe the effect of paclitaxel on the autophagy of human cervical cancer cell lines by the expression regulation of lncRNARP11-381N20.2 as well as to explore the interaction and relationship between autophagy, proliferation, and apoptosis of cervical cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Genome-wide expression profiles of tumors and their susceptibility to drugs were downloaded through TCGA database to find differentially expressed lncRNA RP11-381N20...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Qiang Wu, Xuewei Yi
Epilepsy is a common chronic brain disorder and is characterized by an enduring predisposition to generate seizures. The hippocampus is especially vulnerable to seizure-induced damage. In this study, we explore the ability of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) to influence the autophagy and apoptosis of hippocampal neurons in epilepsy and the underlying mechanism involving the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Seventy-two Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to normal, sham, Ep, Ep + si-NC, Ep + si-MALAT1, and Ep + si-MALAT1 + LY groups...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Ericka Marel Quezada-Maldonado, Yesennia Sánchez-Pérez, Yolanda I Chirino, Felipe Vaca-Paniagua, Claudia M García-Cuellar
Particulate matter (PM) is an environmental pollutant that has been associated with an increased risk for lung cancer. PM exposure induces cellular alterations and the deregulation of cell signaling pathways. However other mechanisms such as microRNAs deregulation, might be involved in the development and progression of some types of epithelial cancer. The aim of this work was to evaluate miRNA expression in epithelial lung cells after exposure to PM10 and to identify the possible gene targets of deregulated miRNAs...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Li Hua, Guirong Zhu, Jianguo Wei
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a major type of lung cancer. Drug resistance is a enormous obstacle for cancer treatment. Copious microRNAs (miRNAs) have been demonstrated to be implicated in drug resistance in NSCLC. In the present study, RT-qPCR assay revealed that microRNA-1 (miR-1) expression was downregulated in DDP resistant NSCLC tissues and cells. Western blot assay presented a remarkable increase of LC3B-II/LC3B-I ratio and a notable decline of p62 level in DDP resistant NSCLC cells, while these effects were weakened by miR-1...
May 30, 2018: Cell Biology International
Liying Zhan, Yuan Zhang, Wating Su, Qiongxia Zhang, Rong Chen, Bo Zhao, Wei Li, Rui Xue, Zhongyuan Xia, Shaoqing Lei
Patients with diabetes are vulnerable to myocardial ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury, which may also induce acute lung injury (ALI) due to overaccumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammation cytokine in circulation. Despite autophagy plays a significant role in diabetes and pulmonary IR injury, the role of autophagy in ALI secondary to myocardial IR in diabetes remains largely elusive. We aimed to investigate pulmonary autophagy status and its roles in oxidative stress and inflammation reaction in lung tissues from diabetic rats subjected to myocardial IR...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
Yan Lin, Dan Tan, Qianna Kan, Zhen Xiao, Zhiyan Jiang
Our previous study has shown that Chinese medicine, Qingfei Tongluo formula (QTF), has a significantly therapeutic effect to Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) pneumonia (MPP). The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect and mechanism of naringenin (NRG) on MPP which was an important component of QTF. Here, we studied 124 children with or without MPP and compared inflammatory cytokines and fibrinogen-related protein expression with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We also employed a BALB/c mouse model of MPP and divided the mice into three groups: ctrl (normal control mice), MPP (MP - infected mice), and MPP + NRG (MP - infected mice treated with NRG)...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
Quan-Yong Yi, Zhi-Sha Bai, Bin Cai, Nan Chen, Li-Shuang Chen, Tao Yuan, Jing-Hai Mao
Retinoblastoma is an severe ophthalmic disease and the most common type intraocular malignant tumor, particularly in infants. Currently, few drugs and therapies are available. Gene therapy has been considered to be a potential treatment to cure cancer effectively and Herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase/ganciclovir (HSV‑TK/GCV) is one type of suicide gene therapy that has been extensively studied. Numerous in vitro and in vivo studied have shown that this system can kill tumor cells, including liver and lung cancer cells...
May 21, 2018: Oncology Reports
Xiao Lu, Dong Zhou, Bing Hou, Quan-Xing Liu, Qian Chen, Xu-Feng Deng, Zu-Bin Yu, Ji-Gang Dai, Hong Zheng
Background: Chemotherapy is still the primary adjuvant strategy of cancer therapy; however, the emergence of multi-drug resistance has been a cause for concern. Autophagy has been demonstrated to have a protective role against chemotherapeutic drugs in cancer cells, and autophagy inhibition is generally considered to be a promising therapeutic strategy. However, the paucity of effective and specific autophagy inhibitors limits its application. Purpose: The objective of this study was to explore the effect of DCA, small molecular anti-tumor agent, on the autophagy regulation and chemosensitization in NSCLC cells...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
Yabin Hu, Yan Zhou, Gaoxiang Yang, Yalin Wang, Zhongnan Zheng, Juntao Li, Yuting Yan, Wei Wu
Sulforaphane-N-acetyl-cysteine (SFN-NAC) is a potential drug to inhibit human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but the underlying mechanisms are elusive. Here, we uncovered that SFN-NAC induced apoptosis via flow cytometer assay and transmission electron microscopy. Further, SFN-NAC increased LC3 II/LC3 I and the number of LC3 punctas, but Western blot showed that SFN-NAC inhibited cell autophagy in response to a co-treatment of Bafilomycin A1 and SFN-NAC. Furthermore, immunofluorescence staining and Western blot showed that SFN-NAC triggered microtubule disruption causing apoptosis via downregulating α-tubulin and phosphorylated ERK1/2-mediated Stathmin-1...
May 25, 2018: Cancer Letters
Xiaolan Shi, Wenfeng Wei, Ning Wang
In the present study, the role of Tremella polysaccharides in cellular apoptosis and autophagy induced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in human epithelial A549 lung-cancer cells was investigated. Initially, it was demonstrated that LPS attenuated A549 cell viability in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, LPS induced apoptotic cell death and autophagy in A549 cells and increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in a time-dependent manner. In addition, LPS treatment was demonstrated to markedly suppress sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) protein expression in A549 cells...
June 2018: Oncology Letters
Xiao-Ming Zhu, Qin Wang, Wei-Wei Xing, Min-Hui Long, Wen-Liang Fu, Wen-Rong Xia, Chen Jin, Ning Guo, Dong-Qun Xu, Dong-Gang Xu
The biggest victim of ambient air pollution is the respiratory system. Mainly because of the harmful components, especially the particulate matters with an aerodynamic diameter of ≤ 2.5µm (PM2.5), can be directly inhaled and deeply penetrate into the lung alveoli, thus causing severe lung dysfunction, including chronic cough, bronchitis and asthma, even lung cancer. Unfortunately, the toxicological mechanisms of PM2.5 associations with these adverse respiratory outcomes have still not been clearly unveiled...
2018: International Journal of Biological Sciences
Jialin Ren, Tingting Liu, Yang Han, Qiongzi Wang, Yanzhi Chen, Guang Li, Lihong Jiang
BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy is one of the most common and effective treatment methods for cancer, and improving the radiosensitivity of tumor tissues during the treatment process is vital. We report the mechanisms of glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3) β-regulated autophagy and the effects of autophagy on radiosensitivity in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHOD: Immunohistochemical staining was performed to determine GSK-3β tissue expression in 89 NSCLC patients with follow-up data and the expression status of GSK-3β and autophagy in NSCLC tissues after X-ray radiotherapy...
May 24, 2018: Diagnostic Pathology
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