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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029445/microrna-200c-increases-radiosensitivity-of-human-cancer-cells-with-activated-egfr-associated-signaling
#1
Taeryool Koo, Bong Jun Cho, Dan Hyo Kim, Ji Min Park, Eun Jung Choi, Hans H Kim, David J Lee, In Ah Kim
MicroRNA-200c (miR-200c) recently was found to have tumor-suppressive properties by inhibiting the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in several cancers. miR-200c also interacts with various cellular signaling molecules and regulates many important signaling pathways. In this study, we investigated the radiosensitizing effect of miR-200c and its mechanism in a panel of human cancer cell lines. Malignant glioma (U251, T98G), breast cancer (MDA-MB-468), and lung carcinoma (A549) cells were transfected with control pre-microRNA, pre-miR-200c, or anti-miR-200c...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026006/potential-contribution-of-alveolar-epithelial-type-i-cells-to-pulmonary-fibrosis
#2
Michael Kasper, Kathrin Barth
Pulmonary fibrosis is characterized by inflammation and fibrosis of the interstitium and destruction of alveolar histoarchitecture ultimately leading to a fatal impairment of lung function. Different concepts describe either a dominant role of inflammatory pathways or a disturbed remodeling of resident cells of the lung parenchyma during fibrogenesis. Further, a combination of both mechanisms has been postulated. The present review emphasizes the particular involvement of alveolar epithelial type I cells in all of these processes, their contribution to innate immune/inflammatory functions and maintenance of proper alveolar barrier functions...
October 12, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024815/identification-of-a-novel-autophagic-inhibitor-cepharanthine-to-enhance-the-anti-cancer-property-of-dacomitinib-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#3
Zheng-Hai Tang, Wen-Xiang Cao, Xia Guo, Xiao-Yang Dai, Jia-Hong Lu, Xiuping Chen, Hong Zhu, Jin-Jian Lu
Inhibition of autophagy is a promising strategy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatment, which is in the clinical trials. However, only chloroquine is used in clinic as an autophagic inhibitor and the inhibitory effect of chloroquine on autophagy is finite. Therefore, the development of an alternative autophagic inhibitor for NSCLC therapy becomes necessary. In the present study, cepharanthine (CEP), an alkaloid extracted from Stephania cepharantha Hayata, was identified as a novel autophagic inhibitor in NSCLC cells...
October 9, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024631/luteoloside-induces-g0-g1-arrest-and-pro-death-autophagy-through-the-ros-mediated-akt-mtor-p70s6k-signalling-pathway-in-human-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cell-lines
#4
Menglu Zhou, Shuying Shen, Xin Zhao, Xingguo Gong
Autophagy has attracted a great deal of interest in tumour therapy research in recent years. However, the anticancer effect of luteoloside, a naturally occurring flavonoid isolated from the medicinal plant Gentiana macrophylla, on autophagy remains poorly understood in human lung cells. In the present study, we have investigated the anticancer effects of luteoloside on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells and demonstrated that luteoloside effectively inhibited cancer cell proliferation, inducing G0/G1phase arrest associated with reduced expression of CyclinE, CyclinD1 and CDK4; we further found that treatment with luteoloside did not strongly result in apoptotic cell death in NSCLC (A549 and H292) cells...
October 9, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988534/biochemical-variations-in-cytolytic-activity-of-ortho-and-paramyxoviruses-in-human-lung-tumor-cell-culture
#5
O P Zhirnov
Human lung cancer cells (Calu-3 line) were studied for the development of apoptosis, necrosis, and autophagy in response to infection with ortho- and paramyxoviruses. Biochemical pathways underlying various mechanisms of cell death differed for different viruses. When infected with murine Sendai paramyxovirus, Calu-3 cells demonstrated typical necrotic features such as cell swelling (but not shrinkage), lack of chromatin DNA laddering, of caspase 3 and 8 activation, and of apoptotic cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein; an activation of antiapoptotic protein kinase Akt was also revealed...
September 2017: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987793/silver-nanoparticles-induce-lysosomal-autophagic-defects-and-decreased-expression-of-transcription-factor-eb-in-a549-human-lung-adenocarcinoma-cells
#6
Takamitsu Miyayama, Kota Fujiki, Masato Matsuoka
Although silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are widely used in consumer and medical products, the mechanism by which AgNPs cause pulmonary damage is unclear. AgNPs are incorporated into cells and processed via the autophagy pathway. We examined the effects of AgNP exposure on autophagic flux and expression of transcription factor EB (TFEB) in A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells. In cells exposed to citrate-coated 60-nm AgNPs, confocal laser microscopic examination showed a decrease in the LysoTracker fluorescence signal and an increase in that of Cyto-ID, indicating lysosomal pH alkalization and autophagosome formation, respectively...
October 5, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987049/downregulation-of-cohesin-loading-factor-nipped-b-like-protein-nipbl-induces-cell-cycle-arrest-apoptosis-and-autophagy-of-breast-cancer-cell-lines
#7
Huanhuan Zhou, Lei Zheng, Kongbeng Lu, Yun Gao, Liwei Guo, Weizhen Xu, Xiaojia Wang
BACKGROUND The cohesin loading factor, nipped-B-like protein (NIPBL), is also known as the sister chromatid cohesion 2 (SCC2) human homolog. Recently, we have studied the role of expression levels of NIPBL in cell proliferation and chemotherapy resistance of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells in vitro. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of expression of the cohesin loading factor, NIPBL, on the cell cycle, apoptosis, and autophagy of breast cancer cell lines in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS Expression levels of the NIPBL in the breast cancer cell lines, MCF7, Bcap37, MDA-MB 453 and MDA-MB 231, were measured using Western blot and flow cytometry...
October 7, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982074/autophagy-regulates-duox1-localization-and-superoxide-production-in-airway-epithelial-cells-during-chronic-il-13-stimulation
#8
John D Dickinson, Jenea M Sweeter, Kristi J Warren, Iman M Ahmad, Xavier De Deken, Matthew C Zimmerman, Steven L Brody
The airway epithelium is a broad interface with the environment, mandating well-orchestrated responses to properly modulate inflammation. Classically, autophagy is a homeostatic pathway triggered in response to external cellular stresses, and is elevated in chronic airway diseases. Recent findings highlight the additional role of autophagy in vesicle trafficking and protein secretion, implicating autophagy pathways in complex cellular responses in disease. Th2 cytokines, IL-13 and IL-4, are increased in asthma and other airway diseases contributing to chronic inflammation...
September 22, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977798/intensified-beclin-1-mediated-by-low-expression-of-mir-30a-5p-promotes-chemoresistance-in-human-small-cell-lung-cancer
#9
Xiang Yang, Fan Bai, Yichen Xu, Yitian Chen, Longbang Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is sensitive to initial chemotherapy, patients experience tumor recurrence and metastasis, leading to treatment failure. Autophagy as a protective pattern for cell survival in the harsh environment plays an important role in chemoresistance. However, the role of Beclin-1, a key regulator of autophagy in the drug-resistance of SCLC cells is still poorly understood. In the current study, we focused on the effect and regulation of Beclin-1 in chemoresistance of SCLC cells...
October 5, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970150/flcn-the-causative-gene-for-birt-hogg-dub%C3%A3-syndrome
#10
REVIEW
Laura S Schmidt, W Marston Linehan
Germline mutations in the novel tumor suppressor gene FLCN are responsible for the autosomal dominant inherited disorder Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome that predisposes to fibrofolliculomas, lung cysts and spontaneous pneumothorax, and an increased risk for developing kidney tumors. Although the encoded protein, folliculin (FLCN), has no sequence homology to known functional domains, x-ray crystallographic studies have shown that the C-terminus of FLCN has structural similarity to DENN (differentially expressed in normal cells and neoplasia) domain proteins that act as guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) for small Rab GTPases...
September 29, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969040/tripchlorolide-induces-autophagy-in-lung-cancer-cells-by-inhibiting-the-pi3k-akt-mtor-pathway-and-improves-cisplatin-sensitivity-in-a549-ddp-cells
#11
Li-Min Chen, Tian-Jiao Song, Jian-Hong Xiao, Zheng-Hui Huang, Yong Li, Ting-Yan Lin
Tripchlorolide (T4) has been shown to induce A549 lung cancer cell death predominantly by activating an autophagy pathway. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Herein, we demonstrated that compared with T4 treatment alone, pretreatment with wortmannin (an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase), perifosine (an inhibitor of AKT) or rapamycin (an inhibitor of mTOR) combined with a subsequent T4 treatment significantly impaired the cell viability of A549 and A549/DDP lung cancer cells. We found that either treatment scheme markedly reduced the activity of P13K and AKT...
September 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963374/protective-effect-of-autophagy-on-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-induced-apoptosis-of-alveolar-epithelial-cells-in-rat-models-of-copd
#12
Yao Tang, Qi-Hang Cai, Yong-Jian Wang, Shao-Hua Fan, Zi-Feng Zhang, Meng-Qi Xiao, Jin-Yu Zhu, Dong-Mei Wu, Jun Lu, Yuan-Lin Zheng
During this study, we explored the protective effects of autophagy on endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)-induced apoptosis belonging to alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) in rat models with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Fifty-six 12-week-old male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly assigned into the COPD group (rats exposed to cigarette smoke), the 3-methyladenine (3-MA) intervention group (COPD rats were administrated with 10 mg/kg autophagy inhibitors), the chloroquine (CQ)-intervention group (COPD rats were administrated with 40 mg/kg CQ) and the control group (rats breathed in normal saline)...
September 29, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949455/autophagy-inhibition-upregulates-cd4-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocyte-expression-via-mir-155-regulation-and-trail-activation
#13
(no author information available yet)
Chemoresistance is a major challenge in lung cancer treatment. Recent findings have revealed that autophagic mechanism contributes significantly to immunosuppressive related chemoresistance. For that reason, targeting autophagy-related immunosuppression is an important approach to reverse tumor drug resistance. In this study, we report for the first time that autophagy inhibition triggers upregulation of CD4+, Foxp3+ tumor infiltrating lymphocytes in late metastatic lung cancer tissues. Furthermore, autophagy blockage induces chemosensitization to carboplatin, immune activation and cell cycle arrest...
December 2016: Molecular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945807/modulating-lysosomal-function-through-lysosome-membrane-permeabilization-or-autophagy-suppression-restores-sensitivity-to-cisplatin-in-refractory-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells
#14
Magdalena Circu, James Cardelli, Martin Barr, Kenneth O'Byrne, Glenn Mills, Hazem El-Osta
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Most patients develop resistance to platinum within several months of treatment. We investigated whether triggering lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP) or suppressing autophagy can restore cisplatin susceptibility in lung cancer with acquired chemoresistance. Cisplatin IC50 in A549Pt (parental) and A549cisR (cisplatin resistant) cells was 13 μM and 47 μM, respectively. Following cisplatin exposure, A549cisR cells failed to elicit an apoptotic response...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940894/the-antiretroviral-nelfinavir-mesylate-a-potential-therapy-for-systemic-scleroderma
#15
Cecilia G Sanchez, Steven V Molinski, Rafael Gongora, Meredith Sosulski, Taylor Fuselier, Stephen S MacKinnon, Debasis Mondal, Joseph A Lasky
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 is considered a key factor in fibrogenesis, and blocking TGF-β1 signaling pathways diminishes fibrogenesis in animal models. The objective of this study was to determine whether nelfinavir mesylate (NFV), a drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treating HIV infection can be repurposed to treat pulmonary fibrosis in systemic scleroderma (SSc) METHODS: Normal human lung, ventricular, and skin fibroblasts, as well as lung fibroblasts from SSc patients, were used to determine the effects of NFV on fibroblast to myofibroblast differentiation (FMD) mediated by TGF-β1...
September 21, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933588/death-by-over-eating-the-gaucher-disease-associated-gene-gba1-identified-in-a-screen-for-mediators-of-autophagic-cell-death-is-necessary-for-developmental-cell-death-in-drosophila-midgut
#16
Santosh K Dasari, Eyal Schejter, Shani Bialik, Aya Shkedy, Vered Levin-Salomon, Smadar Levin-Zaidman, Adi Kimchi
Autophagy is critical for homeostasis and cell survival during stress, but can also lead to cell death, a little understood process that has been shown to contribute to developmental cell death in lower model organisms, and to human cancer cell death. We recently reported (1) on our thorough molecular and morphologic characterization of an autophagic cell death system involving resveratrol treatment of lung carcinoma cells. To gain mechanistic insight into this death program, we performed a signalome-wide RNAi screen for genes whose functions are necessary for resveratrol-induced death...
September 21, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933525/hypoxia-mediates-the-decreased-sensibility-of-human-lung-adenocarcinoma-cell-h1299-to-cisplatin-through-inducing-autophagy
#17
Chaochao Jin, Shuping Zhang, Jiang Yuan, Xuelei Wang, Nuo Jin, Jiuning Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930681/parkin-independent-mitophagy-controls-chemotherapeutic-response-in-cancer-cells
#18
Elodie Villa, Emma Proïcs, Camila Rubio-Patiño, Sandrine Obba, Barbara Zunino, Jozef P Bossowski, Romain M Rozier, Johanna Chiche, Laura Mondragón, Joel S Riley, Sandrine Marchetti, Els Verhoeyen, Stephen W G Tait, Jean-Ehrland Ricci
Mitophagy is an evolutionarily conserved process that selectively targets impaired mitochondria for degradation. Defects in mitophagy are often associated with diverse pathologies, including cancer. Because the main known regulators of mitophagy are frequently inactivated in cancer cells, the mechanisms that regulate mitophagy in cancer cells are not fully understood. Here, we identified an E3 ubiquitin ligase (ARIH1/HHARI) that triggers mitophagy in cancer cells in a PINK1-dependent manner. We found that ARIH1/HHARI polyubiquitinates damaged mitochondria, leading to their removal via autophagy...
September 19, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929344/glucosidase-ii-beta-subunit-gluii%C3%AE-plays-a-role-in-autophagy-and-apoptosis-regulation-in-lung-carcinoma-cells-in-a-p53-dependent-manner
#19
Worapong Khaodee, Nichanan Inboot, Suruk Udomsom, Warunee Kumsaiyai, Ratchada Cressey
PURPOSE: Glucosidase II plays a major role in regulating the post-translational modification of N-linked glycoproteins. Previously, we found that the beta subunit of glucosidase II (GluIIβ) levels are significantly increased in lung carcinoma tissues, indicating a potential role in lung tumorigenesis. Here, we investigated the role of GluIIβ in the regulation of autophagy and apoptosis in lung carcinoma- and immortalized human bronchial epithelial-derived cells. METHODS: A selective glucosidase II inhibitor, bromoconduritol, was used to inhibit GluII enzyme activity and a siRNA-based technology was used to suppress the expression of the GluIIβ encoding gene PRKCSH in lung carcinoma cells differing in p53 status...
September 19, 2017: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928819/curcumin-induced-autophagy-anticancer-effects-on-human-lung-adenocarcinoma-cell-line-a549
#20
Furong Liu, Song Gao, Yuxuan Yang, Xiaodan Zhao, Yameng Fan, Wenxia Ma, Danrong Yang, Aimin Yang, Yan Yu
To investigate the anticancer effects of curcumin-induced autophagy and its effects on the human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cell line, inverted phase contrast microscopy was used to observe alterations to the cytomorphology of cells. An MTT assay was used to measure cell viability. Autophagy was detected using acridine orange (AO) staining and 3-methyladenine (3-MA) was used as an autophagy-specific inhibitor. Dose- and time-dependent A549 cell viability inhibition was observed following curcumin treatment. A dose-dependent increase in the red fluorescent structures in A549 cells was identified following curcumin treatment for 48 h through AO staining...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
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