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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822762/rab11a-is-required-for-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-induced-autophagy-to-promote-viral-replication
#1
Kai Wang, Shuaifeng Li, Tesfaye Worku, Xingjie Hao, Liaohan Yang, Shujun Zhang
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is the leading virus known to cause massive economic loss in pig industry worldwide. In our previous study, transcriptional profiling of PRRSV-infected lung tissue of Tongcheng and landrane pigs, which have highly pathogenic PRRSV (HP-PRRSV) susceptibility differences, showed differential expression of Rab11a. The small GTPase Rab11a regulates intracellular membrane trafficking events involved in autophagy. However, the involvement of convergence of endosomal Rab11a and autophagy pathways during PRRSV infection is still unclear...
August 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816646/chronic-cigarette-smoke-mediated-global-changes-in-lung-mucoepidermoid-cells-a-phosphoproteomic-analysis
#2
Hitendra S Solanki, Jayshree Advani, Aafaque Ahmad Khan, Aneesha Radhakrishnan, Nandini A Sahasrabuddhe, Sneha M Pinto, Xiaofei Chang, Thottethodi Subrahmanya Keshava Prasad, Premendu Prakash Mathur, David Sidransky, Harsha Gowda, Aditi Chatterjee
Proteomics analysis of chronic cigarette smoke exposure is a rapidly emerging postgenomics research field. While smoking is a major cause of lung cancer, functional studies using proteomics approaches could enrich our mechanistic understanding of the elusive lung cancer global molecular signaling and cigarette smoke relationship. We report in this study on a stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture-based quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis of a human lung mucoepidermoid carcinoma cell line, H292 cells, chronically exposed to cigarette smoke...
August 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815017/autophagy-and-airway-fibrosis-is-there-a-link
#3
REVIEW
Anudeep Kota, Deepak Deshpande, Mehra Haghi, Brian Oliver, Pawan Sharma
In the past decade, an emerging process named "autophagy" has generated intense interest in many chronic lung diseases. Tissue remodeling and fibrosis is a common feature of many airway diseases, and current therapies do not prevent or reverse these structural changes. Autophagy has evolved as a conserved process for bulk degradation and recycling of cytoplasmic components to maintain basal cellular homeostasis and healthy organelle populations in the cell. Furthermore, autophagy serves as a cell survival mechanism and can also be induced by chemical and physical stress to the cell...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814662/irgm1-coordinately-regulates-autoimmunity-and-host-defense-at-select-mucosal-surfaces
#4
Kathleen M Azzam, Jennifer H Madenspacher, Derek W Cain, Lihua Lai, Kymberly M Gowdy, Prashant Rai, Kyathanahalli Janardhan, Natasha Clayton, Willie Cunningham, Heather Jensen, Preeyam S Patel, John F Kearney, Gregory A Taylor, Michael B Fessler
The pathogenesis of primary Sjogren's syndrome (SS), an autoimmune disease that targets the mucosa of exocrine tissues, is poorly understood. Although several mouse models have been developed that display features of SS, most of these are within the larger context of a lupus-like presentation. Immunity-related GTPase family M protein 1 (Irgm1) is an interferon-inducible cytoplasmic GTPase that is reported to regulate autophagy and mitochondrial homeostasis. Here, we report that naive Irgm1-/- mice display lymphocytic infiltration of multiple mucosal tissues including the lung in a manner reminiscent of SS, together with IgA class-predominant autoantibodies including anti-Ro and anti-La...
August 17, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812434/-pemetrexed-sildenafil-via-autophagy-dependent-hdac-down-regulation-enhances-the-immunotherapy-response-of-nsclc-cells
#5
Laurence Booth, Jane L Roberts, Andrew Poklepovic, Paul Dent
Pemetrexed is an approved therapeutic in NSCLC and ovarian cancer. Our studies focused on the ability of [pemetrexed + sildenafil] exposure to alter the immunogenicity of lung and ovarian cancer cells. Treatment of lung and ovarian cancer cells with [pemetrexed + sildenafil] in vitro rapidly reduced the expression of PD-L1, PD-L2 and ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), and increased the expression of Class I MHCA. In a cell-specific fashion, some cells also released the immunogenic nuclear protein HMGB1 into the extracellular environment...
August 16, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810549/dexmedetomidine-preconditioning-protects-against-lung-injury-induced-by-ischemia-reperfusion-through-inhibition-of-autophagy
#6
Wei Zhang, Jiaqiang Zhang
The present study aimed to evaluate the role of autophagy in the protective effect of dexmedetomidine in lung injury caused by ischemia-reperfusion (IR) in rats. In total 48 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 6 groups (n=8) as follows: i) Sham group; ii) the IR group; iii) IR + 1 µg/kg dexmedetomidine preconditioning group (pre-LD); iv) IR + 10 µg/kg dexmedetomidine preconditioning group (pre-HD); v) IR + 1 µg/kg dexmedetomidine postconditioning group (post-LD); and vi) IR + 10 µg/kg dexmedetomidine postconditioning group (post-HD)...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808311/antitumor-properties-of-coenzyme-q0-against-human-ovarian-carcinoma-cells-via-induction-of-ros-mediated-apoptosis-and-cytoprotective-autophagy
#7
You-Cheng Hseu, Tai-Jung Tsai, Mallikarjuna Korivi, Jer-Yuh Liu, Hui-Jye Chen, Chung-Ming Lin, Yi-Chun Shen, Hsin-Ling Yang
Coenzyme Q0 (CoQ0, 2,3-dimethoxy-5-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone) has been reported to exert anticancer properties against human breast/lung cancer cells. This study investigated the in vitro and in vivo anticancer properties of CoQ0 on human ovarian carcinoma (SKOV-3) cells and xenografted nude mice, and revealed the underlying molecular mechanism. CoQ0 induced G2/M arrest through downregulation of cyclin B1/A and CDK1/K2 expressions. CoQ0-induced autophagy as a survival mechanism was evidenced by increased accumulation of LC3-II, GFP-LC3 puncta, AVOs formation and Beclin-1/Bcl-2 dysregulation...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806643/mixed-ligand-aroylhydrazone-and-n-donor-heterocyclic-lewis-base-cu-ii-complexes-as-potential-antiproliferative-agents
#8
Manas Sutradhar, Rajeshwari, Tannistha Roy Barman, Alexandra R Fernandes, Fabiana Paradinha, Catarina Roma-Rodrigues, M Fátima C Guedes da Silva, Armando J L Pombeiro
A series of four mixed ligand aroylhydrazone and N-donor heterocyclic Lewis base Cu(II) complexes [CuL(X)]2 [L refers to the dianionic form of (5-bromo-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-2-hydroxybenzohydrazide; X=pyrazine (Pz; 1), pyridine (Py; 2), imidazole (Imz; 3) and 3-pyridinecarbonitrile (3-PyCN; 4)] has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, various spectroscopic techniques and X-ray crystallography (for 1, 2 and 4). The antiproliferative effect of complexes 1-4 was examined in 4 human tumor cell lines (ovarian carcinoma (A2780), colorectal carcinoma (HCT116), lung adenocarcinoma (A549) and breast adenocarcinoma (MCF7)) and in normal human primary Fibroblasts...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802142/overexpression-of-ho-1-assisted-pm2-5-induced-apoptosis-failure-and-autophagy-related-cell-necrosis
#9
Wei Zhou, Xiaoyan Yuan, Li Zhang, Baoting Su, Dongdong Tian, Yang Li, Jun Zhao, Yimei Wang, Shuangqing Peng
Severe smog/haze events accompanied by extremely high concentrations of airborne fine particulate matter (PM2.5) have emerged frequently in China and the potential health risks have attracted ever-growing attention. During these episodes, a surge in hospital visits for acute respiratory symptoms and respiratory diseases exacerbation has been reported to be associated with acute exposure to high-levels of particulate matters. To investigate cell fate determination and the underlying pathogenic mechanisms during severe haze episodes or smog events, we exposed human lung epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) to PM2...
August 9, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801243/peroxiredoxin-2-plays-a-pivotal-role-as-multimodal-cytoprotector-in-the-early-phase-of-pulmonary-hypertension
#10
Enrica Federti, Alessandro Matte', Alessandra Ghigo, Immacolata Andolfo, Cimino James, Angela Siciliano, Christophe Leboeuf, Anne Janin, Francesco Manna, Soo Young Choi, Achille Iolascon, Elisabetta Beneduce, Davide Melisi, Dae Won Kim, Sonia Levi, Lucia De Franceschi
Pulmonary-artery-hypertension (PAH) is a life-threatening and highly invalidating chronic disorder. Chronic oxidation contributes to lung damage and disease progression. Peroxiredoxin-2 (Prx2) is a typical 2-cysteine (Cys) peroxiredoxin but its role on lung homestasis is yet to be fully defined. Here, we showed that Prx2(-/-) mice displayed chronic lung inflammatory disease associated with (i) abnormal pulmonary vascular dysfunction; and (ii) increased markers of extracellular-matrix remodeling. Hypoxia was used to induce PAH...
August 8, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797843/blockade-of-stearoyl-coa-desaturase-1-activity-reverts-resistance-to-cisplatin-in-lung-cancer-stem-cells
#11
Maria Elena Pisanu, Alessia Noto, Claudia De Vitis, Stefania Morrone, Giosuè Scognamiglio, Gerardo Botti, Federico Venuta, Daniele Diso, Ziga Jakopin, Fabrizio Padula, Alberto Ricci, Salvatore Mariotta, Maria Rosaria Giovagnoli, Enrico Giarnieri, Ivano Amelio, Massimiliano Agostini, Gerry Melino, Gennaro Ciliberto, Rita Mancini
Poor prognosis in lung cancer has been attributed to the presence of lung cancer stem cells (CSCs) which resist chemotherapy and cause disease recurrence. Hence, the strong need to identify mechanisms of chemoresistance and to develop new combination therapies. We have previously shown that Stearoyl-CoA-desaturase 1 (SCD1), the enzyme responsible for the conversion of saturated to monounsaturated fatty acids is upregulated in 3D lung cancer spheroids and is an upstream activator of key proliferation pathways β-catenin and YAP/TAZ...
August 7, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796252/microrna-34-449-targets-igfbp-3-and-attenuates-airway-remodeling-by-suppressing-nur77-mediated-autophagy
#12
Huiming Yin, Shu Zhang, Yahong Sun, Sha Li, Yunye Ning, Yuchao Dong, Yan Shang, Chong Bai
Autophagy plays critical roles in airway inflammation and fibrosis-mediated airway remodeling and many factors including proinflammatory cytokines and inflammation related pathways are involved in the process. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of epithelial microRNAs (miRNAs) in autophagy-mediated airway remodeling and to identify the factors involved and the underlying mechanisms. Serum miR-34/449, inflammatory factors, and autophagy and fibrosis-related proteins were determined by real-time PCR, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and western blotting in 46 subjects with asthma and 10 controls and in the lung epithelial cell line BEAS-2B induced with IL-13 and treated with miRNA mimics...
August 10, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771442/oncomir-17-5p-alarm-signal-in-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Madhusudhan Reddy Bobbili, Robert M Mader, Johannes Grillari, Hanna Dellago
Soon after microRNAs entered the stage as novel regulators of gene expression, they were found to regulate -and to be regulated by- the development, progression and aggressiveness of virtually all human types of cancer. Therefore, miRNAs in general harbor a huge potential as diagnostic and prognostic markers as well as potential therapeutic targets in cancer.The miR-17-92 cluster was found to be overexpressed in many human cancers and to promote unrestrained cell growth, and has therefore been termed onco-miR-1...
July 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765557/the-voltage-dependent-anion-channels-vdac-of-mycobacterium-avium-phagosome-are-associated-with-bacterial-survival-and-lipid-export-in-macrophages
#14
Lia Danelishvili, Jessica J J Chinison, Tuan Pham, Rashmi Gupta, Luiz E Bermudez
Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis is associated with infection of immunocompromised individuals as well as patients with chronic lung disease. M. avium infects macrophages and actively interfere with the host killing machinery such as apoptosis and autophagy. Bacteria alter the normal endosomal trafficking, prevent the maturation of phagosomes and modify many signaling pathways inside of the macrophage by secreting effector molecules into the cytoplasm. To investigate whether M. avium needs to attach to the internal surface of the vacuole membrane before releasing efferent molecules, vacuole membrane proteins were purified and binding to the surface molecules present in intracellular bacteria was evaluated...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759157/mtor-notch3-signaling-mediates-pulmonary-hypertension-in-hypoxia-exposed-neonatal-rats-independent-of-changes-in-autophagy
#15
Julijana Ivanovska, Sparsh Shah, Mathew J Wong, Crystal Kantores, Amish Jain, Martin Post, Behzad Yeganeh, Robert P Jankov
BACKGROUND/AIM: Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a pivotal regulator of cell proliferation, survival, and autophagy. Autophagy is increased in adult experimental chronic pulmonary hypertension (PHT), but its contributory role to pulmonary vascular disease remains uncertain and has yet to be explored in the neonatal animal. Notch is a major pro-proliferative pathway activated by mTOR. A direct relationship between autophagy and Notch signaling has not been previously explored. Our aim was to examine changes in mTOR-, Notch-, and autophagy-related pathways and the therapeutic effects of autophagy modulators in experimental chronic neonatal PHT secondary to chronic hypoxia...
July 31, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757135/synergism-between-thioredoxin-reductase-inhibitor-ethaselen-and-sodium-selenite-in-inhibiting-proliferation-and-inducing-death-of-human-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells
#16
Xiaoqing Zheng, Wei Xu, Ruoxuan Sun, Hanwei Yin, Chaoran Dong, Huihui Zeng
New effective treatment for human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is needed. The thioredoxin (Trx) system composes of thioredoxin reductase (TrxR), Trx and NADPH. In this study, we combined an organic selenium compound--TrxR inhibitor ethaselen (BBSKE) with low dosage sodium selenite to inhibit proliferation and induce death of NSCLC cells, and identified underlying mechanisms. Synergistic anti-proliferation effect of BBSKE and selenite was found in human NSCLC cell lines, A549, NCI-H1299 and NCI-1266. A significant increase of apoptosis, necrosis and autophagy were observed in the group of BBSKE plus selenite in A549 cells...
July 27, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752441/pathophysiology-of-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency-liver-disease
#17
Jeffrey H Teckman, Keith S Blomenkamp
Classical alpha-1 antitrypsin (a1AT) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disease associated with an increased risk of liver disease in adults and children, and with lung disease in adults (Teckman and Jain, Curr Gastroenterol Rep 16(1):367, 2014). The vast majority of the liver disease is associated with homozygosity for the Z mutant allele, the so-called PIZZ. These homozygous individuals synthesize large quantities of a1AT mutant Z protein in the liver, but the mutant protein folds improperly during biogenesis and approximately 85% of the molecules are retained within the hepatocytes rather than appropriately secreted...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749469/zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-harness-autophagy-to-induce-cell-death-in-lung-epithelial-cells
#18
Jun Zhang, Xia Qin, Bin Wang, Ge Xu, Zhexue Qin, Jian Wang, Lanxiang Wu, Xiangwu Ju, Diptiman D Bose, Feng Qiu, Honghao Zhou, Zhen Zou
Although zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) are widely used, they have raised concerns of toxicity in humans. Previous studies have indicated that reactive oxygen species (ROS) and autophagy are involved in the cytotoxicity of ZnONPs, but the regulatory mechanisms between autophagy and ROS remain to be elucidated. Herein, we comprehensively investigated the regulatory mechanism of autophagy and the link between autophagy and ROS in ZnONPs-treated lung epithelial cells. We demonstrated that ZnONPs could induce autophagy, and this process could enhance the dissolution of ZnONPs in lysosomes to release zinc ions...
July 27, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747555/tripchlorolide-induces-autophagy-in-lung-cancer-cells-by-inhibiting-the-pi3k-akt-mtor-pathway-and-improves-cisplatin-sensitivity-in-a549-ddp-cells
#19
Li-Min Chen, Tian-Jiao Song, Jian-Hong Xiao, Zheng-Hui Huang, Yong Li, Ting-Yan Lin
Tripchlorolide (T4) has been shown to induce A549 lung cancer cell death predominantly by activating an autophagy pathway. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Herein, we demonstrated that compared with T4 treatment alone, pretreatment with wortmannin (an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase), perifosine (an inhibitor of AKT) or rapamycin (an inhibitor of mTOR) combined with a subsequent T4 treatment significantly impaired the cell viability of A549 and A549/DDP lung cancer cells. We found that either treatment scheme markedly reduced the activity of P13K and AKT...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738521/ginkgo-biloba-exocarp-extracts-induces-autophagy-in-lewis-lung-cancer-cells-involving-ampk-mtor-p70s6k-signaling-pathway
#20
Chenjie Cao, Dongdong Han, Ya Su, Yu Ge, Huasheng Chen, Aihua Xu
OBJECTIVES: Ginkgo biloba L. is called a living fossil plant, and could be used for the treatment of cancer thousands of years ago in China. The extracts prepared from the Ginkgo biloba exocarp (Ginkgo biloba exocarp extracts, GBEE) has a significant anti-cancer effect. Autophagy plays an important role in the occurrence and development of cancer as programmed cell death (PCD) type II. Thus it would be interesting to study the effects and mechanisms of GBEE inducing autophagy in Lewis lung cancer (LLC) cells...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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