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Emotional stress AND Multiple sclerosis

Marja-Leena Kristofferzon, Maria Engström, Annika Nilsson
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate relationships between sense of coherence, emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping, coping efficiency, and mental quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic illness. A model based on Lazarus' and Folkman's stress and coping theory tested the specific hypothesis: Sense of coherence has a direct and indirect effect on mental QoL mediated by emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping, and coping efficiency in serial adjusted for age, gender, educational level, comorbidity, and economic status...
April 5, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Mona Dehhaghi, Fatemeh Mohammadipanah, Gilles J Guillemin
Age-related disorders impose noticeable financial and emotional burdens on society. This impact is becoming more prevalent with the increasing incidence of neurodegenerative diseases and is causing critical concerns for treatment of patients worldwide. Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis and motor neuron disease are the most prevalent and the most expensive to treat neurodegenerative diseases globally. Therefore, exploring effective therapies to overcome these disorders is a necessity...
February 27, 2018: Neurotoxicology
Juan A Paez, Nuria E Campillo
The discovery of cannabinoid receptors at the beginning of the 1990s, CB1 being cloned in 1990 and CB2 cloned in 1993, and the availability of selective and potent cannabimimetics could only be justified by the existence of endogenous ligands that are capable of binding to them. Thus, the characterisation and cloning of the first cannabinoid receptor (CB1) led to the isolation and characterisation of the first endocannabinoid, arachidonoylethanolamide (AEA), two years later and the subsequent identification of a family of lipid transmitters known as the fatty acid ester 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG)...
February 25, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Zahra Mehrabi, Fatemeh Nazari, Tayebe Mehrabi, Vahid Shaygannejad
Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic disease of the central nervous system (CNS), causing progressive nerve damage, has disabling symptoms, and undermines self-efficacy beliefs. Due to the importance of self-efficacy modified in adaptation and coping with stress, this study was conducted with the aim to investigate the effect of emotional intelligence training on self-efficacy in women with MS. Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 70 women referring to the Multiple Sclerosis Clinic of Kashani Hospital, Isfahan, Iran...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Hormoz Sanaeinasab, Mohsen Saffari, Mahrokh Hashempour, Ali-Akbar Karimi Zarchi, Waleed A Alghamdi, Harold G Koenig
OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and progressive disease that causes stress due to its unpredictability and lack of definitive treatments. This study examined the effects of an educational program using a transactional model to help women with MS cope with their disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized clinical trial, 80 female patients from the MS Society of Iran were randomized to the intervention ( n  = 40) or a control group ( n  = 40)...
October 2017: Brain and Behavior
Mohsen Saffari, Hormoz Sanaeinasab, Mahrokh Hashempour, Amir H Pakpour, Jesus F Lovera, Saad Al Shohaib
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate the Jalowiec Coping Scale (JCS) psychometrically in Iranian women with multiple sclerosis (MS) and to identify the most frequent and efficacious coping strategies. METHODS: A total of 306 women with MS participated in a cross-sectional study. A demographics questionnaire, the JCS, and the Perceived Stress Scale were administered. Forward-backward translation was used to achieve a Persian version of the scale. Cronbach α and test-retest were assessed for reliability...
July 2017: International Journal of MS Care
Benjamin Greenberg, Youran Fan, Lucille Carriere, Amy Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) newly seen by a neurologist may benefit from early psychological intervention owing to the reciprocal relationship between stress and disease progression. However, it is uncertain what factors contribute to patients' receiving these services. METHODS: Logistic regression analysis of prospectively gathered data evaluated how demographic and disease characteristics and emotional/physical health factors contributed to referral to receive behavioral medicine (BM) services within 1 year of their first neurology appointment at the Mellen Center for Multiple Sclerosis at the Cleveland Clinic...
July 2017: International Journal of MS Care
Ingrid Brands, Yvonne Bol, Sven Stapert, Sebastian Köhler, Caroline van Heugten
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of coping styles and the relationships linking coping to emotional distress and quality of life in patients with acquired brain injury and multiple sclerosis. METHOD: Cross-sectional cohort study of 143 patients with acquired brain injury and 310 patients with multiple sclerosis in the chronic stage. Quality of life was measured with the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (LiSat-9), coping styles with the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS-T, task-oriented; CISS-E, emotion-oriented; CISS-A, avoidance), emotional distress with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
January 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Katarzyna Socha, Elżbieta Karpińska, Jan Kochanowicz, Jolanta Soroczyńska, Marta Jakoniuk, Marianna Wilkiel, Zenon D Mariak, Maria H Borawska
OBJECTIVE: Dietary habits and adequate intake of antioxidants in the diet-for example, copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn)-may be an environmental factor in the occurrence of multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study was to estimate the influence of dietary habits on the concentration of Cu, Zn in the serum, and the effect of Cu-to-Zn ratio on the ability status of patients with relapsing-remitting MS. METHODS: This was an observational case-control study that included 101 individuals with MS and 68 healthy individuals (controls)...
July 2017: Nutrition
Somayeh Nejati, Sepideh Rajezi Esfahani, Soheila Rahmani, Gita Afrookhteh, Shahrzad Hoveida
Introduction: The chronic nature of Multiple Sclerosis (MS), have can leave devastating effects on quality of life and fatigue. The present research aimed to study the effect of group Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and conscious yoga program on the quality of life and fatigue severity among patients with MS. Methods: This study was quasi-experimental with intervention and control groups. The statistical population included all members to MS Society of Tehran Province, 24 of whom diagnosed with MS were selected as the sample based on the inclusion criteria...
December 2016: Journal of Caring Sciences
K Konieczka, J Flammer
The Flammer syndrome (FS) describes the phenotype of people with a predisposition for an altered reaction of the blood vessels to stimuli like coldness, emotional stress or high altitude. Frequent symptoms are: cold hands and/or feet, low blood pressure, prolonged sleep onset time, reduced feeling of thirst, increased sensitivity to odour, pain, vibration and certain drugs. SF subjects are often ambitious and successful but also perfectionistic and sometimes brooding. Frequent signs are: altered gene expression, prolonged blood flow cessation in nailfold capillaroscopy after cold provocation, reduced autoregulation of ocular blood flow, and reduced vasodilation after stimulation with flickering light...
December 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Thibault Moreau, Catherine Bungener, Olivier Heinzlef, Laurent Suchet, Florent Borgel, Isabelle Bourdeix, Mohamed Meite, Karin Rerat, Isabelle Chouette
The objective of this prospective study was to assess the changes in anxiety levels, and their relationship with coping strategies over the first four months of fingolimod treatment in patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Data were collected at the inclusion visit (Visit 1) and 4 months later (Visit 2). We used the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) to assess the level of anxiety and the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations scale to assess the coping strategies used when engaged with stressful situations...
2017: European Neurology
Susan Carroll, Trudie Chalder, Cheryl Hemingway, Isobel Heyman, Rona Moss-Morris
AIM: Fatigue is one of the most common and disabling symptoms of paediatric MS, associated with depressed mood, impaired school performance and lower quality of life. Fatigue in children and adolescents with MS (caMS) is poorly understood, and effective treatments for fatigue are currently lacking. No qualitative studies have previously examined fatigue in caMS. Thus, the objectives were (a) to explore experiences of fatigue in paediatric MS and (b) to gain insight into how caMS and their parents respond to and manage fatigue...
November 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Sara Carletto, Martina Borghi, Gabriella Bertino, Francesco Oliva, Marco Cavallo, Arne Hofmann, Alessandro Zennaro, Simona Malucchi, Luca Ostacoli
OBJECTIVE: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating autoimmune disease that imposes a significant emotional burden with heavy psychosocial consequences. Several studies have investigated the association between MS and mental disorders such as depression and anxiety, and recently researchers have focused also on Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This is the first study that investigates the usefulness of proposing a treatment for PTSD to patients with MS. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial with patients with MS diagnosed with PTSD comparing Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR; n = 20) and Relaxation Therapy (RT; n = 22)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Sahar Vesal, Leila Dehghani, Masoud Etemadifar, Elahe Poorazizi, Sima Akhavan, Samaneh Mazrouei, Nasim Mehdizadeh, Zahra Saraf
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis may have profound emotional consequences. The relation between psychological and physical factors could lead patients toward unforeseen disease. This study focuses on multiple sclerosis (MS) disease duration on personality type A and B in relation to individuals' behaviors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted in Isfahan Alzahra hospital in 2013. Three hundred MS patients and 100 healthy individuals were determined...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Stephanie T Gumuchian, Sandra Peláez, Vanessa C Delisle, Marie-Eve Carrier, Lisa R Jewett, Ghassan El-Baalbaki, Catherine Fortune, Marie Hudson, Ann Impens, Annett Körner, Jennifer Persmann, Linda Kwakkenbos, Susan J Bartlett, Brett D Thombs
BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis, or scleroderma, is a chronic and rare connective tissue disease with negative physical and psychological implications. Sources of emotional distress and the impact they have on the lives of people with scleroderma are not well understood. OBJECTIVES: To gain an in-depth understanding of the emotional experiences and sources of emotional distress for women and men living with scleroderma through focus group discussions. METHODS: Three semi-structured focus group discussions were conducted (two in English, one in French) with a total of 22 people with scleroderma recruited through the Scleroderma Society of Ontario in Hamilton, Ontario and a scleroderma clinic in Montreal, Canada...
2016: PloS One
Carla Sabariego, Michaela Coenen, Carolina Ballert, Maria Cabello, Matilde Leonardi, Marta Anczewska, Tuuli Pitkänen, Alberto Raggi, Blanca Mellor, Venusia Covelli, Piotr Świtaj, Jonna Levola, Silvia Schiavolin, Anna Chrostek, Jerome Bickenbach, Somnath Chatterji, Alarcos Cieza
BACKGROUND: Persons with brain disorders experience significant psychosocial difficulties (PSD) in daily life, e.g. problems with managing daily routine or emotional lability, and the level of the PSD depends on social, physical and political environments, and psychologic-personal determinants. Our objective is to determine a brief set of environmental and psychologic-personal factors that are shared determinants of PSD among persons with different brain disorders. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, convenience sample of persons with either dementia, stroke, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, migraine, depression, schizophrenia, substance dependence or Parkinson's disease...
2015: PloS One
Tamara McKenzie, Mary Elizabeth Quig, Tuula Tyry, Ruth Ann Marrie, Gary Cutter, Edward Shearin, Kamau Johnson, James Simsarian
BACKGROUND: Caring for someone with multiple sclerosis (MS) can be a stressful experience that requires clinical attention. We investigated the impact of caregiver stress on the emotional well-being and physical health of the MS care partner using the North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) Registry. METHODS: Care partners of NARCOMS participants were invited to complete an online questionnaire that captured demographic characteristics, health status, caregiver burden as measured by the Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview, and impact of caregiving on employment...
November 2015: International Journal of MS Care
Eun-Jeong Lee, Jessica Pieczynski, Samantha DeDios-Stern, Camille Simonetti, Gloria K Lee
BACKGROUND: Caregivers of individuals with MS may experience unique caregiver strain due to the age at onset and progressive nature of the disease. Additionally, because MS is more prevalent in women, men often become spousal caregivers. However, gender differences in psychosocial adjustment among caregivers have not been fully explored. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore gender differences in the need for various supports and type of social support needed, caregiver strain, and quality of life among caregivers for individuals with MS...
2015: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Lauren Penwell-Waines, Marie-Christine Rutter Goodworth, Rhonda S Casillas, Rebecca Rahn, Lara Stepleman
This study applied the Stress/Health Model to examine a novel approach for promoting stress management among 67 caregivers of persons with multiple sclerosis, who often face unique caregiving challenges. Hierarchical regressions indicated that caregiver distress (i.e., emotional burden) and engagement in other health-promoting activities (i.e., controlling alcohol use) were the best predictors of caregiver stress management. Communication with the MS care recipient's health provider about caregiver engagement in health-promoting activities was associated with caregiver stress management, but not significantly more so than explained by the other factors (i...
2016: Health Communication
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