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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637360/who-or-what-has-agency-in-the-discussion-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-uk-news-media-2010-2015-a-transitivity-analysis
#1
Luke Curtis Collins, Rusi Jaspal, Brigitte Nerlich
The increase in infections resistant to the existing antimicrobial medicines has become a topic of concern for health professionals, policy makers and publics across the globe; however, among the public there is a sense that this is an issue beyond their control. Research has shown that the news media can have a significant role to play in the public's understanding of science and medicine. In this article, we respond to a call by research councils in the United Kingdom to study antibiotic or antimicrobial resistance as a social phenomenon by providing a linguistic analysis of reporting on this issue in the UK press...
June 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603636/make-up-a-missed-lesson-new-policy-to-ensure-the-interchangeability-of-generic-drugs-in-china
#2
Baobin Huang, Sarah L Barber, Mingzhe Xu, Shuanghong Cheng
Generic drugs should be interchangeable with originators in terms of quality and efficacy. With relative lower prices, generic drugs are playing an important role in controlling health expenditures and ensuring access. However, the widespread understanding of "cheap price equals low quality" has a negative impact on the acceptance of generic drugs. In China, medical doctors doubt the efficacy and quality of generic drugs manufactured domestically. To address these concerns, the Chinese State Council released a policy in 2016 to ensure the interchangeability by re-evaluating the quality and efficacy of generic drugs...
June 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535102/why-value-framework-assessments-arrive-at-different-conclusions-a-multiple-myeloma-case-study
#3
Kimberly Westrich, Lisabeth Buelt, Robert W Dubois
As the United States transitions from a volume-based health care system to one that rewards value, new frameworks are emerging to help patients, providers, and payers assess the value of medical services and biopharmaceutical products. These value assessment frameworks are intended to support various types of health care decision making. They have the potential to substantially affect patients, whether as tools for shared decision making with their doctors, as an input to care pathways used by providers, or through payer use of the frameworks to make coverage or reimbursement decisions...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527637/the-state-of-shared-decision-making-in-malaysia
#4
Yew Kong Lee, Chirk Jenn Ng
Shared decision making (SDM) activities in Malaysia began around 2010. Although the concept is not widespread, there are opportunities to implement SDM in both the public and private healthcare sectors. Malaysia has a multicultural society and cultural components (such as language differences, medical paternalism, strong family involvement, religious beliefs and complementary medicine) influence medical decision making. In terms of policy, the Ministry of Health has increasingly mentioned patient-centered care as a component of healthcare delivery while the Malaysian Medical Council's guidelines on doctors' duties mentioned collaborative partnerships as a goal of doctor-patient relationships...
May 17, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504787/medical-humanities-some-uses-and-problems
#5
R Downie
The arts and humanities were allowed into the British medical curriculum in 1993 when the General Medical Council re-structured it in a paper entitled 'Tomorrow's Doctors'. Since then many medical schools have developed humanities modules and the broad term 'medical humanities' refers to these. They can contribute to medical education in at least three ways: as a supplement to what is already in the curriculum, especially for ethics and communication; as an outside critique of medical practice; and to personal and professional development...
December 2016: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496277/a-framework-for-integrating-biosimilars-into-the-didactic-core-requirements-of-a-doctor-of-pharmacy-curriculum
#6
REVIEW
Edward Li, Jennifer Liu, Monica Ramchandani
Biologic drugs approved via the abbreviated United States biosimilar approval pathway are anticipated to improve access to medications by addressing increasing health care expenditures. Surveys of health care practitioners indicate that there is inadequate knowledge and understanding about biosimilars; this must be addressed to ensure safe and effective use of this new category of products. Concepts of biosimilar development, manufacturing, regulation, naming, formulary, and inventory considerations, as well as patient and provider education should be included within the doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) curriculum as preparation for clinical practice...
April 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485715/malta-health-system-review
#7
Natasha Azzopardi-Muscat, Stefan Buttigieg, Neville Calleja, Sherry Merkur
Maltese life expectancy is high, and Maltese people spend on average close to 90% of their lifespan in good health, longer than in any other EU country. Malta has recently increased the proportion of GDP spent on health to above the EU average, though the private part of that remains higher than in many EU countries. The total number of doctors and GPs per capita is at the EU average, but the number of specialists remains relatively low; education and training are being further strengthened in order to retain more specialist skills in Malta...
January 2017: Health Systems in Transition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474405/teaching-leadership-the-medical-student-society-model
#8
Jacob H Matthews, Gabriella L Morley, Eleanor Crossley, Shivam Bhanderi
BACKGROUND: All health care professionals in the UK are expected to have the medical leadership and management (MLM) skills necessary for improving patient care, as stipulated by the UK General Medical Council (GMC). CONTEXT: Newly graduated doctors reported insufficient knowledge about leadership and quality improvement skills, despite all UK medical schools reporting that MLM is taught within their curriculum. INNOVATION: A medical student society organised a series of extracurricular educational events focusing on leadership topics...
May 5, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460766/potential-for-mobile-health-mhealth-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-kerala-a-population-based-survey
#9
Leo Feinberg, Jaideep Menon, Rebecca Smith, Jaya G Rajeev, Raman Krishan Kumar, Amitava Banerjee
BACKGROUND: India's southern state of Kerala stands at the forefront of India's epidemic of cardiovascular disease (CVD), among other non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mobile phone use in healthcare (mHealth) has shown promise in India, including NCDs. However, suitability and acceptability of m-Health interventions is poorly researched, particularly in rural settings. OBJECTIVES: METHODS: A questionnaire regarding mobile phone usage and possible use in healthcare was verbally administered in five primary health centres and by home visits in five village councils ("panchayats") of Ernakulam, Kerala...
March 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455775/surgical-tuition-within-irish-hospitals-a-national-survey
#10
I Feeley, M Kelly, E F Healy, F Murray, J M O'Byrne
INTRODUCTION: The General Medical Council (GMC) of the UK states that doctors have a duty to train and contribute to the education of colleagues, and that those involved in formal clinical teaching should have a teaching qualification. OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the current levels of engagement of surgical trainees and recently appointed surgical consultants in clinical teaching. METHODS: All trainees who commenced a basic or higher surgical training post during or after 2007 were invited to participate...
April 28, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449302/prescribing-safety-assessment-2016-delivery-of-a-national-prescribing-assessment-to-7-343-uk-final-year-medical-students
#11
Simon R J Maxwell, Jamie J Coleman, Lynne Bollington, Celia Taylor, David J Webb
AIM(S): Newly graduated doctors write a large proportion of prescriptions in UK hospitals but recent studies have shown that they frequently make prescribing errors. The Prescribing Safety Assessment (PSA) has been developed as an assessment of competence in relation to prescribing and supervising the use of medicines. This report describes the delivery of the PSA to all UK final-year medical students in 2016 (PSA2016). METHODS: The PSA is a 2-hour online assessment comprising eight sections which cover various aspects of prescribing defined within the outcomes of undergraduate education identified by the UK General Medical Council...
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432089/preparing-future-doctors-for-palliative-care-views-of-course-organisers
#12
Steven Walker, Jane Gibbins, Paul Paes, Stephen Barclay, Astrid Adams, Madawa Chandratilake, Faye Gishen, Philip Lodge, Bee Wee
BACKGROUND: Effective training at medical school is essential to prepare new doctors to safely manage patients with palliative care (PC) and end of life care (EOLC) needs. The contribution of undergraduate PC course organisers is central but their collective views regarding role are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To survey attitudes of PC course organisers regarding their course, organisation, the adequacy of training provided and level of personal satisfaction. METHODS: An anonymised, multifactorial, web-based questionnaire was devised, tested, modified and then sent to lead PC course organisers at all UK medical schools...
April 21, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400075/review-of-general-dental-council-and-general-medical-council-fitness-to-practise-hearings-related-to-maxillofacial-surgery
#13
R Taylor, M H Ali, T E Howe, I Varley
Dually-registered specialists in oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) may be subject to disciplinary hearings by the General Medical Council (GMC) and the General Dental Council (GDC) for the same allegations, a phenomenon referred to as "double jeopardy" within the specialty. Previous efforts by both councils to simplify regulatory arrangements have made little progress. We have therefore reviewed the range and scope of fitness to practise (FTP) proceedings relevant to OMFS. We searched the online GMC register to find registered OMFS specialists and obtained FTP proceedings from 2004-2016 through a Freedom of Information request from the GDC...
July 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397007/preparing-medical-students-for-clinical-practice-easing-the-transition
#14
Alexandra R Teagle, Maria George, Nicola Gainsborough, Inam Haq, Michael Okorie
The transition from medical student to junior doctor is a challenge; the UK General Medical Council has issued guidance emphasizing the importance of adequate preparation of medical students for clinical practice. This study aimed to determine whether a junior doctor-led simulation-based course is an effective way of preparing final year medical students for practice as a junior doctor.We piloted a new 'preparation for practice' course for final year medical students prior to beginning as Foundation Year 1 (first year of practice) doctors...
April 10, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372544/prevalence-of-gmc-performance-assessments-in-the-united-kingdom-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis-by-country-of-medical-qualification
#15
L Mehdizadeh, H W W Potts, A Sturrock, J Dacre
BACKGROUND: The demographics of doctors working in the UK are changing. The United Kingdom (UK) has voted to leave the European Union (EU) and there is heightened political discourse around the world about the impact of migration on healthcare services. Previous work suggests that foreign trained doctors perform worse than UK graduates in postgraduate medical examinations. We analysed the prevalence by country of primary medical qualification of doctors who were required to take an assessment by the General Medical Council (GMC) because of performance concerns...
April 4, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316280/predicting-fitness-to-practise-events-in-international-medical-graduates-who-registered-as-uk-doctors-via-the-professional-and-linguistic-assessments-board-plab-system-a-national-cohort-study
#16
Paul A Tiffin, Lewis W Paton, Lazaro M Mwandigha, John C McLachlan, Jan Illing
BACKGROUND: International medical graduates working in the UK are more likely to be censured in relation to fitness to practise compared to home graduates. Performance on the General Medical Council's (GMC's) Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board (PLAB) tests and English fluency have previously been shown to predict later educational performance in this group of doctors. It is unknown whether the PLAB system is also a valid predictor of unprofessional behaviour and malpractice...
March 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298265/supervised-machine-learning-algorithms-can-classify-open-text-feedback-of-doctor-performance-with-human-level-accuracy
#17
Chris Gibbons, Suzanne Richards, Jose Maria Valderas, John Campbell
BACKGROUND: Machine learning techniques may be an effective and efficient way to classify open-text reports on doctor's activity for the purposes of quality assurance, safety, and continuing professional development. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of machine learning algorithms trained to classify open-text reports of doctor performance and to assess the potential for classifications to identify significant differences in doctors' professional performance in the United Kingdom...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280059/a-medical-curriculum-in-transition-audit-and-student-perspective-of-undergraduate-teaching-of-ethics-and-professionalism
#18
Toni C Saad, Stephen Riley, Richard Hain
INTRODUCTION: The General Medical Council (GMC) stipulates that doctors must be competent professionals, not merely scholars and practitioners. Medical school curricula should enable students to develop professional values and competencies. Additionally, medical schools are moving towards integrated undergraduate curricula, Cardiff's C21 being one such example. METHODS: We carried out an audit to determine the extent to which C21 delivers GMC professionalism competencies, and a student questionnaire to explore student perspective on ethics and professionalism...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206830/medical-student-beliefs-about-disclosure-of-mental-health-issues-a-qualitative-study
#19
Peter Winter, Andrew Rix, Andrew Grant
In 2012 the United Kingdom's General Medical Council (GMC) commissioned research to develop guidance for medical schools on how best to support students with mental illness. One of the key findings from medical student focus groups in the study was students' strong belief that medical schools excluded students on mental health grounds. Students believed mental illness was a fitness to practice matter that led to eventual dismissal, although neither personal experience nor empirical evidence supported this belief...
December 0: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195537/-exit-exams-for-medical-graduates-a-guarantee-of-quality
#20
Ranjit Kumar Dehury, Janmejaya Samal
Despite a great deal of opposition from many segments of the medical community, the Medical Council of India (MCI) has proposed to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India that a pan-India exit examination be introduced for graduating MBBS doctors. Whether the proposal should be put forward was considered twice, once in 2010 and again in 2013, and finally the plan was ready to be taken forward seriously in 2015. The proposal has elicited appreciation and criticism from different segments of the medical community...
January 12, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
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