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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302554/sexual-behavior-of-adolescent-students-in-chandigarh-and-their-perceptions-regarding-family-life-education
#1
Dinesh Kumar, Naveen Krishan Goel, Ravleen Kaur Bakshi, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Abhik K Ghosh
Background: With rapidly changing lifestyle and exposure to the Internet and mass media, lifestyle and sexual behavior of adolescent students are also changing rapidly. Objectives: To investigate the sexual behavior of adolescent students and to study misconceptions prevailing among them. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 1022 adolescent students aged 14-19 years as a part of an Indian Council of Medical Research sponsored survey. Sexual behavior explored by interview method...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302511/need-of-department-of-general-practice-family-medicine-at-aiims-all-india-institute-of-medical-sciences-why-the-apex-medical-institute-in-india-should-also-contribute-towards-training-and-education-of-general-practitioners-and-family-physicians
#2
EDITORIAL
Ranabir Pal, Raman Kumar
Family medicine or general practice is the practicing discipline of the majority doctors in India, however formal academic departments of general practice (or family medicine) do not exist in India, as it is not a mandatory requirement as prescribed by the Medical Council of India; the principal regulator of medical education. Currently India has capacity to produce more than 60,000 medical graduates per year, majority of whom are expected to become general practitoners or primary care doctors without under going any vocational training in general practice or family medicine...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284467/satisfaction-of-doctors-with-their-training-evidence-from-uk
#3
Simon Gregory, Chiara Demartini
BACKGROUND: This study considers the primary training environment factors affecting the satisfaction of doctors in training with their training. METHODS: An OLS multiple regression analysis was performed on responses given by doctors in training (trainees) to General Medical Council (UK) National Trainee Survey annually from 2012 to 2015. Two different research models investigate the determinant of trainee doctor satisfaction. The first model includes clinical supervision, feedback, workload, and gender as explanatory variables...
December 29, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237222/-surgery-during-pregnancy-regulations-and-requirements
#4
Frauke Fritze-Büttner, Ronny Dittmar, Maya Niethard
Due to the marked increase in the numbers of women in medicine, professional and political discussions on equality among doctors are gaining increasing attention. One such issue is "operating during pregnancy". As a result of existing legislation and federal regulations, it has been virtually impossible for pregnant surgeons to continue their surgical work. After approval by the Federal Council or Bundesrat, the revised Maternity Protection Act will come into force on 01.01.2018. It will thereafter be easier for surgeons to operate during pregnancy...
December 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233292/geriatric-care-curriculum-in-us-pharmd-programs-what-s-happening
#5
REVIEW
Maria A Felton, Jennie B Jarrett, Susan M Meyer
OBJECTIVES: Current Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) Standards are not explicit regarding geriatrics content. The objective of this review is to describe published examples of how care for older adults is integrated into Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) curricula at accredited schools/colleges of pharmacy across the United States. METHODS: PubMed and Embase databases were searched. Manuscripts addressing care for older adults in pharmacy curriculum in the United States were included in the review...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218359/-significance-of-the-doctorate-in-scientific-medical-education
#6
Matthias Frosch
According to European and German law, the medical education of physicians must take place in a scientific degree program at a university or under the supervision of a university. To keep up the ideal of a scientific degree program, various organizations and associations, such as the German Research Foundation, the German Council of Science and Humanities and the German Medical Faculty Association, see the need for an even stronger anchoring of academic learning content in the course of study. Traditionally, a scientific project, which is carried out during the studies, provides the basis for the Doctor of Medicine (Dr...
December 7, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161391/an-overview-of-space-medicine
#7
P D Hodkinson, R A Anderton, B N Posselt, K J Fong
Space medicine is fundamental to the human exploration of space. It supports survival, function and performance in this challenging and potentially lethal environment. It is international, intercultural and interdisciplinary, operating at the boundaries of exploration, science, technology and medicine. Space medicine is also the latest UK specialty to be recognized by the Royal College of Physicians in the UK and the General Medical Council. This review introduces the field of space medicine and describes the different types of spaceflight, environmental challenges, associated medical and physiological effects, and operational medical considerations...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157254/the-implementation-of-medical-revalidation-an-assessment-using-normalisation-process-theory
#8
Abigail Tazzyman, Jane Ferguson, Charlotte Hillier, Alan Boyd, John Tredinnick-Rowe, Julian Archer, Sam Regan de Bere, Kieran Walshe
BACKGROUND: Medical revalidation is the process by which all licensed doctors are legally required to demonstrate that they are up to date and fit to practise in order to maintain their licence. Revalidation was introduced in the United Kingdom (UK) in 2012, constituting significant change in the regulation of doctors. The governing body, the General Medical Council (GMC), envisages that revalidation will improve patient care and safety. This potential however is, in part, dependent upon how successfully revalidation is embedded into routine practice...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146646/cross-sectional-study-of-the-financial-cost-of-training-to-the-surgical-trainee-in-the-uk-and-ireland
#9
John O'Callaghan, Helen M Mohan, Anna Sharrock, Vimal Gokani, J Edward Fitzgerald, Adam P Williams, Rhiannon L Harries
OBJECTIVES: Applications for surgical training have declined over the last decade, and anecdotally the costs of training at the expense of the surgical trainee are rising. We aimed to quantify the costs surgical trainees are expected to cover for postgraduate training. DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A non-mandatory online questionnaire for UK-based trainees was distributed nationally...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127973/-health-professionals-will-become-experts-in-the-world-of-connected-health
#10
Sylvie Warnet
The French national medical council (CNOM), in its white paper Connected health: From e-health to connected health, incites doctors to support the deployment of the digital world in the health sector and to integrate its useful and beneficial aspects into their own practices. Doctor Jacques Lucas, vice-president of the CNOM and general delegate for IT systems in health, highlights the challenges of this emerging world and evokes the impact on the nurse-patient relationship.
November 2017: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098696/recommendations-for-undergraduate-medical-electives-a-uk-consensus-statement
#11
Connie Wiskin, Michael Barrett, Birgit Fruhstorfer, Matthias L Schmid
INTRODUCTION: Many doctors, across grades and specialities, supervise or advise students and juniors undertaking elective placements. Electives form part of medical curricula on a worldwide scale. The Medical Schools Council (MSC) Electives Committee in the UK identified a gap in the current literature in relation to provision of comprehensive recommendations for the design and management of undergraduate elective programmes. Electives afford many known benefits for medical and other health care students, but the context, and risks (impacting potentially on patient, public and student well-being) are usually different from those associated with 'home' clinical placements...
January 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062950/synthetic-biology-in-the-uk-an-outline-of-plans-and-progress
#12
REVIEW
L J Clarke, R I Kitney
Synthetic biology is capable of delivering new solutions to key challenges spanning the bioeconomy, both nationally and internationally. Recognising this significant potential and the associated need to facilitate its translation and commercialisation the UK government commissioned the production of a national Synthetic Biology Roadmap in 2011, and subsequently provided crucial support to assist its implementation. Critical infrastructural investments have been made, and important strides made towards the development of an effectively connected community of practitioners and interest groups...
December 2016: Synthetic and Systems Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029055/prognostic-models-for-9-month-mortality-in-tuberculous-meningitis
#13
Le Thi Phuong Thao, A Dorothee Heemskerk, Ronald B Geskus, Nguyen Thi Hoang Mai, Dang Thi Minh Ha, Tran Thi Hong Chau, Nguyen Hoan Phu, Nguyen Van Vinh Chau, Maxine Caws, Nguyen Huu Lan, Do Dang Anh Thu, Nguyen Thuy Thuong Thuong, Jeremy Day, Jeremy J Farrar, M Estee Torok, Nguyen Duc Bang, Guy E Thwaites, Marcel Wolbers
Background: Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is the most severe form of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis. We developed and validated prognostic models for 9-month mortality in HIV-uninfected and HIV-infected adults with TBM. Methods: We included 1699 subjects from four randomized clinical trials and one prospective observational study conducted at two major referral hospitals in Southern Vietnam from 2001-2015. Modelling was based on multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression...
September 26, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#14
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985348/elbow-room-for-best-practice-montgomery-patients-values-and-balanced-decision-making-in-person-centred-clinical-care
#15
Jonathan Herring, K M W Fulford, Michael Dunn, Ashok I Handa
The UK Supreme Court Montgomery judgment marks a decisive shift in the legal test of duty of care in the context of consent to treatment, from the perspective of the clinician (as represented by Bolam rules) to that of the patient. A majority of commentators on Montgomery have focused on the implications of the judgment for disclosure of risk. In this article, we set risk disclosure in context with three further elements of the judgment: benefits, options, and dialogue. These elements, we argue, taken together with risk disclosure, reflect the origins of the Montgomery ruling in a model of consent based on autonomy of patient choice through shared decision-making with their doctor...
July 19, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975888/self-perceived-readiness-to-perform-at-the-attending-level-following-surgical-specialist-training-in-denmark
#16
Rasmus Fabricius, Martin Sillesen, Morten Sejer Hansen, Randi Beier-Holgersen
INTRODUCTION: Great effort has been invested in improving the educational aspect of the Danish five-year national surgical residency programme. Among other initiatives, an updated logbook containing specific objectives was implemented in 2015. The effect of current and prior educational efforts has not previously been studied. In the present study, we aim to investigate the role of supervision in the national surgical residency programme and the self-perceived readiness to undertake the role of a specialist doctor in gastrointestinal surgery in a cohort of gastrointestinal surgeons graduating in 2012 and 2013...
October 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934764/assessment-of-training-capacity-in-new-zealand-general-practices-a-stocktake-in-the-lower-north-island-and-south-island
#17
Samantha A Murton, Susan Rh Pullon
AIM: General practices are providing clinically-based training for rapidly increasing numbers of medical (and other health professional) trainees. This study investigated capacity and intention of general practices to additionally teach junior doctors (now required to undertake community-based attachments by the New Zealand Medical Council) alongside current trainees in their service. METHODS: A web-based/telephone survey of all general practices was developed and administered November 2015-April 2016...
September 22, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928301/aggregate-availability-of-doctors-in-india-2014-2030
#18
Basant Potnuru
BACKGROUND: The current belief of availability of doctors in India is based on the registration stock of doctors accumulated since the early 20th century. This has not been adjusted to attrition of the strength occurring due to retirement, emigration, etc. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the number of practicing doctors currently available in India and will be available in 2030 after adjustments made for attrition of the stock. METHODS: The paper used Medical Council of India's historical data (1960-2015) on registration stock of doctors obtained from the Indian medical registers available on its website and other data on emigration of doctors accessed from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and destination country sources...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912191/high-versus-low-energy-administration-in-the-early-phase-of-acute-pancreatitis-goulash-trial-protocol-of-a-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-clinical-trial
#19
Katalin Márta, Anikó N Szabó, Dániel Pécsi, Péter Varjú, Judit Bajor, Szilárd Gódi, Patrícia Sarlós, Alexandra Mikó, Kata Szemes, Mária Papp, Tamás Tornai, Áron Vincze, Zsolt Márton, Patrícia A Vincze, Erzsébet Lankó, Andrea Szentesi, Tímea Molnár, Roland Hágendorn, Nándor Faluhelyi, István Battyáni, Dezső Kelemen, Róbert Papp, Attila Miseta, Zsófia Verzár, Markus M Lerch, John P Neoptolemos, Miklós Sahin-Tóth, Ole H Petersen, Péter Hegyi
INTRODUCTION: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease with no specific treatment. Mitochondrial injury followed by ATP depletion in both acinar and ductal cells is a recently discovered early event in its pathogenesis. Importantly, preclinical research has shown that intracellular ATP delivery restores the physiological function of the cells and protects from cell injury, suggesting that restoration of energy levels in the pancreas is therapeutically beneficial. Despite several high quality experimental observations in this area, no randomised trials have been conducted to date to address the requirements for energy intake in the early phase of AP...
September 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904325/new-medical-education-reform-in-china-towards-healthy-china-2030
#20
Peipei Song, Chunlin Jin, Wei Tang
On July 11, 2017, the State Council of China issued a bold plan to revolutionize medical education and promote collaboration between medical education and practice. The cornerstone of the plan is training more qualified medical professionals to improve public healthcare on the path to Healthy China 2030. According to this plan, a "5+3" training system will be instituted to train medical professionals in China, and top medical colleges will be encouraged to recruit more students. However, given the less-than-ideal professional status of Chinese doctors, the frequent incidents of violence against them, long working hours and a heavy workload, and an unsatisfactory income, attracting personnel to work in medicine and health care has become a challenge...
2017: Bioscience Trends
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