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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316280/predicting-fitness-to-practise-events-in-international-medical-graduates-who-registered-as-uk-doctors-via-the-professional-and-linguistic-assessments-board-plab-system-a-national-cohort-study
#1
Paul A Tiffin, Lewis W Paton, Lazaro M Mwandigha, John C McLachlan, Jan Illing
BACKGROUND: International medical graduates working in the UK are more likely to be censured in relation to fitness to practise compared to home graduates. Performance on the General Medical Council's (GMC's) Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board (PLAB) tests and English fluency have previously been shown to predict later educational performance in this group of doctors. It is unknown whether the PLAB system is also a valid predictor of unprofessional behaviour and malpractice...
March 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298265/supervised-machine-learning-algorithms-can-classify-open-text-feedback-of-doctor-performance-with-human-level-accuracy
#2
Chris Gibbons, Suzanne Richards, Jose Maria Valderas, John Campbell
BACKGROUND: Machine learning techniques may be an effective and efficient way to classify open-text reports on doctor's activity for the purposes of quality assurance, safety, and continuing professional development. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of machine learning algorithms trained to classify open-text reports of doctor performance and to assess the potential for classifications to identify significant differences in doctors' professional performance in the United Kingdom...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280059/a-medical-curriculum-in-transition-audit-and-student-perspective-of-undergraduate-teaching-of-ethics-and-professionalism
#3
Toni C Saad, Stephen Riley, Richard Hain
INTRODUCTION: The General Medical Council (GMC) stipulates that doctors must be competent professionals, not merely scholars and practitioners. Medical school curricula should enable students to develop professional values and competencies. Additionally, medical schools are moving towards integrated undergraduate curricula, Cardiff's C21 being one such example. METHODS: We carried out an audit to determine the extent to which C21 delivers GMC professionalism competencies, and a student questionnaire to explore student perspective on ethics and professionalism...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206830/medical-student-beliefs-about-disclosure-of-mental-health-issues-a-qualitative-study
#4
Peter Winter, Andrew Rix, Andrew Grant
In 2012 the United Kingdom's General Medical Council (GMC) commissioned research to develop guidance for medical schools on how best to support students with mental illness. One of the key findings from medical student focus groups in the study was students' strong belief that medical schools excluded students on mental health grounds. Students believed mental illness was a fitness to practice matter that led to eventual dismissal, although neither personal experience nor empirical evidence supported this belief...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195537/-exit-exams-for-medical-graduates-a-guarantee-of-quality
#5
Ranjit Kumar Dehury, Janmejaya Samal
Despite a great deal of opposition from many segments of the medical community, the Medical Council of India (MCI) has proposed to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India that a pan-India exit examination be introduced for graduating MBBS doctors. Whether the proposal should be put forward was considered twice, once in 2010 and again in 2013, and finally the plan was ready to be taken forward seriously in 2015. The proposal has elicited appreciation and criticism from different segments of the medical community...
January 12, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184017/an-update-of-the-hong-kong-epilepsy-guideline-consensus-statement-on-the-use-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-hong-kong
#6
J Ky Fong, E Ly Chan, H Leung, I Chan, R Sk Chang, G Cy Fong, E Lw Fung, C Ht Lui, B Bh Fung, T L Poon, D Siu, H T Wong, E Yeung, A Wy Yung, C Xl Zhu
OBJECTIVE: New information about antiepileptic drugs has arisen since the publication of the Hong Kong Epilepsy Guideline in 2009. This article set out to fill the knowledge gap between 2007 and 2016 on the use of antiepileptic drugs in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: Between May 2014 and April 2016, four consensus meetings were held in Hong Kong, where a group comprising 15 professionals (neurologists, paediatricians, neurosurgeons, radiologists, and clinical psychologists) from both public and private sectors aimed to review the best available evidence and update all practising physicians on a range of clinical issues including drug-related matters...
February 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052572/an-undergraduate-otolaryngology-curriculum-comparison-in-the-united-kingdom-using-a-curriculum-evaluation-framework
#7
R A Steven, G J Mires, S K W Lloyd, S McAleer
OBJECTIVE: 1.To compare undergraduate Otolaryngology curricula in the United Kingdom. 2.To develop a tool which would allow undergraduate specialty curricula to be compared. DESIGN: Development of a Curriculum Evaluation Framework and survey. SETTING: UK medical schools. PARTICIPANTS: Otolaryngology curricula were requested from all 32 UK medical schools who award a primary medical qualification. 19 curricula were received and examined...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050392/paediatric-prescription-analysis-in-a-primary-health-care-institution
#8
Jinish Jose, Denny Devassykutty
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric prescription analysis was done by vari-ous studies in tertiary care centers but not much published data, at primary care level. The Medical Council of India introduced new prescription format and also antibiotic stewardship program was launched by Government of Kerala in the year 2015. So in these contexts this study was conducted. AIM: To analyse the patterns of prescriptions and drug dis-pensing in pediatric patients using WHO core drug use indicators and parameters in the prescription format prescribed by Medical Council of India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050255/the-role-of-general-practitioners-in-medical-school-admission-interview-panels-in-the-uk-2012-2014-a-national-survey
#9
Mohammed Ahmed Rashid, John Benson
OBJECTIVE: Recent primary care workforce pressures in the UK have prompted national reviews. Recommendations to increase the proportion of medical students entering general practice have led to interest in the role of medical schools in career choices. This study sought to identify the career backgrounds of admissions leads at UK medical schools and the proportion of general practitioners on admission interview panels. DESIGN: A national survey using a proforma circulated to all UK medical school admission leads via the Medical Schools Council...
July 2016: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047128/su-c-201-04-noise-and-temporal-resolution-in-a-near-real-time-3d-dosimeter
#10
M Rilling, M Goulet, L Beaulieu, S Thibault, L Archambault
PURPOSE: To characterize the performance of a real-time three-dimensional scintillation dosimeter in terms of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and temporal resolution of 3D dose measurements. This study quantifies its efficiency in measuring low dose levels characteristic of EBRT dynamic treatments, and in reproducing field profiles for varying multileaf collimator (MLC) speeds. METHODS: The dosimeter prototype uses a plenoptic camera to acquire continuous images of the light field emitted by a 10×10×10 cm(3) plastic scintillator...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027149/thirteenth-annual-warren-k-sinclair-keynote-address-where-are-the-radiation-professionals-warp
#11
Richard E Toohey
In July 2013, the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements convened a workshop for representatives from government, professional organizations, academia, and the private sector to discuss a potential shortage of radiation protection professionals in the not-too-distant future. This shortage manifests itself in declining membership of professional societies, decreasing enrollment in university programs in the radiological sciences, and perhaps most importantly, the imminent retirement of the largest birth cohort in American history, the so-called "baby boomer" generation...
February 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968830/availability-and-use-of-primary-care-facilities-in-china-a-nationwide-representative-survey
#12
William C W Wong, Sunfang Jiang, Jason Ong, Minghui Peng, Eric Wan, Zhanshu Zhu, Cindy L K Lam, Michael Kidd, Martin Roland
BACKGROUND: China introduced a national policy to develop primary care in 2009, with 8669 community health centres (CHCs) established by 2014, employing more than 300 000 staff. However, against a background of the "barefoot doctor" legacy in rural China, mistrust of doctors, and over-reliance on specialist care, these facilities have been underused. This study aimed to evaluate the current quality of CHCs in China, including the organisation and infrastructure, as well as the use and training of the health-care professionals within primary care...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942800/the-effects-of-2%C3%A2-weeks-of-interval-vs-continuous-walking-training-on-glycaemic-control-and-whole-body-oxidative-stress-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-a-controlled-randomised-crossover-trial
#13
Kristian Karstoft, Margaret A Clark, Ida Jakobsen, Ida A Müller, Bente K Pedersen, Thomas P J Solomon, Mathias Ried-Larsen
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of oxygen consumption-matched short-term interval walking training (IWT) vs continuous walking training (CWT) on glycaemic control, including glycaemic variability, in individuals with type 2 diabetes. We also assessed whether any training-induced improvements in glycaemic control were associated with systemic oxidative stress levels. METHODS: Participants (n = 14) with type 2 diabetes completed a crossover trial using three interventions (control intervention [CON], CWT and IWT), each lasting 2 weeks...
March 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913563/-you-can-t-be-a-person-and-a-doctor-the-work-life-balance-of-doctors-in-training-a-qualitative-study
#14
Antonia Rich, Rowena Viney, Sarah Needleman, Ann Griffin, Katherine Woolf
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the work-life balance of doctors in training in the UK from the perspectives of trainers and trainees. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured focus groups and interviews with trainees and trainers. SETTING: Postgraduate medical training in London, Yorkshire and Humber, Kent, Surrey and Sussex, and Wales during the junior doctor contract dispute at the end of 2015. Part of a larger General Medical Council study about the fairness of postgraduate medical training...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879466/doctors-protest-against-bill-to-dissolve-the-medical-council-of-india
#15
Priyanka Pulla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873137/casper-an-online-pre-interview-screen-for-personal-professional-characteristics-prediction-of-national-licensure-scores
#16
Kelly L Dore, Harold I Reiter, Sharyn Kreuger, Geoffrey R Norman
Typically, only a minority of applicants to health professional training are invited to interview. However, pre-interview measures of cognitive skills predict for national licensure scores (Gauer et al. in Med Educ Online 21 2016) and subsequently licensure scores predict for performance in practice (Tamblyn et al. in JAMA 288(23): 3019-3026, 2002; Tamblyn et al. in JAMA 298(9):993-1001, 2007). Assessment of personal and professional characteristics, with the same psychometric rigour of measures of cognitive abilities, are needed upstream in the selection to health profession training programs...
November 21, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872166/consistency-of-medical-record-reporting-of-a-set-of-indicators-for-proactive-palliative-care-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#17
Ria G Duenk, Stans C Verhagen, Mireille Ae Janssen, Richard Pnr Dekhuijzen, Kris Cp Vissers, Yvonne Engels, Yvonne Heijdra
To identify patients hospitalized for an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who have a poor prognosis and might benefit from proactive palliative care, a set of indicators had been developed from the literature. A patient is considered eligible for proactive palliative care when meeting ≥2 criteria of the proposed set of 11 indicators. In order to develop a doctor-friendly and patient-convenient tool, our primary objective was to examine whether these indicators are documented consistently in the medical records...
February 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848436/who-speaks-for-nurses
#18
David Harding-Price
The General Medical Council (GMC) has publicly stated doctors are under growing pressure. I wonder why the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) has not spoken up for nurses in the same vein?
November 9, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843820/md-family-medicine-calicut-experience-history-is-made-here
#19
REVIEW
M Roshni
Government Medical College, Calicut, Kerala - the first medical college in India to start Doctor of Medicine (MD) in family medicine as a postgraduate course. This was in the year 2012. Till date, this is the only medical college to have MD Family Medicine program in India. The college was allowed two MD Family Medicine seats per year by the Medical Council of India, and this is a 3 year course. The first batch of MD Family Medicine students has passed out from the Government Medical College, Calicut in July 2015...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799450/mobile-health-mhealth-for-headache-disorders-a-review-of-the-evidence-base
#20
Mahsa Mosadeghi-Nik, Marzyeh S Askari, Farhad Fatehi
The aim of this review was to explore and summarise the evidence base for using mobile apps for the management of headache disorders. PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Scopus were searched for studies reporting the use of mobile health applications (apps) for managing headache disorders. Different combinations of keywords for mobile health, smartphone and headache were used for electronic search. Six studies (two journal papers and four conference papers) met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed. All of the reviewed studies were categorised as the lowest level (level IV) of evidence according to the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) hierarchy of evidence...
December 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
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