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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331053/renal-flow-and-microstructure-anisotropy-refmap-mri-in-normal-and-peritumoral-renal-tissue
#1
Andrea L Liu, Artem Mikheev, Henry Rusinek, William C Huang, James S Wysock, James S Babb, Thorsten Feiweier, David Stoffel, Hersh Chandarana, Eric E Sigmund
BACKGROUND: Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) provides insight into the pathophysiology underlying renal dysfunction. Variants of DWI include intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM), which differentiates between microstructural diffusion and vascular or tubular flow, and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), which quantifies diffusion directionality. PURPOSE: To investigate the reproducibility of joint IVIM-DTI and compare controls to presurgical renal mass patients. STUDY TYPE: Prospective cross-sectional...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324929/our-solution-for-fusion-of-simultaneusly-acquired-whole-body-scintigrams-and-optical-images-as-usesful-tool-in-clinical-practice-in-patients-with-differentiated-thyroid-carcinomas-after-radioiodine-therapy-a-useful-tool-in-clinical-practice
#2
Milovan Matovic, Milica Jankovic, Marko Barjaktarovic, Marija Jeremic
OBJECTIVE: After radioiodine therapy of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients, whole body scintigraphy (WBS) is standard procedure before releasing the patient from the hospital. A common problem is the precise localization of regions where the iod-avide tissue is located. Sometimes is practically impossible to perform precise topographic localization of such regions. METHOD: In order to face this problem, we have developed a low-cost Vision-Fusion system for web-camera image acquisition simultaneously with routine scintigraphic whole body acquisition including the algorithm for fusion of images given from both cameras...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317185/cortical-inhibition-assessed-using-paired-pulse-tms-eeg-is-increased-in-older-adults
#3
George M Opie, Simranjit K Sidhu, Nigel C Rogasch, Michael C Ridding, John G Semmler
BACKGROUND: Alterations in inhibitory processes mediated by gamma-aminobutyric acid type B (GABAB) receptors may contribute to age-related functional impairments. However, investigation of these circuits using conventional paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) at long interstimulus intervals (∼100-200ms) have produced conflicting results in older adults, possibly due to the indirect nature of the TMS motor evoked potential (MEP). OBJECTIVE: To utilise electroencephalography and TMS coregistration (TMS-EEG) to more directly assess age-related changes in GABAB-mediated long-interval intracortical inhibition (LICI)...
December 30, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296491/automated-segmentation-and-quantification-of-oct-angiography-for-tracking-angiogenesis-progression
#4
Ang Li, Jiang You, Congwu Du, Yingtian Pan
Angiogenesis is recognized as a crucial component of many neurovascular diseases such as stroke, carcinogenesis, and neurotoxicity of abused drug. The ability to track angiogenesis will facilitate a better understanding of disease progression and assessment of therapeutical effects. Optical coherence angiography (OCTA) is a promising tool to assess 3D microvascular networks due to its micron-level resolution, high sensitivity, and relatively large field of view. However, quantitative OCTA image analysis for characterization of microvascular network changes, including accurately tracking the progression of angiogenesis, remains a challenge...
December 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279195/minimizing-fiducial-localization-error-using-sphere-based-registration-in-jaw-tracking
#5
Amir H Abdi, Alan G Hannam, Ian K Stavness, Sidney Fels
Some of the jaw tracking methods may be limited in terms of their accuracy or clinical applicability. This article introduces the sphere-based registration method to minimize the fiducial (reference landmark) localization error (FLE) in tracking and coregistration of physical and virtual dental models, to enable an effective clinical analysis of the patient's masticatory functions. In this method, spheres (registration fiducials) are placed on the corresponding polygonal concavities of the physical and virtual dental models based on the geometrical principle that establishes a unique spatial position for a sphere inside an infinite trihedron...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130334/pulsed-epr-imaging-applications-in-the-studies-of-tumor-physiology
#6
Shun Kishimoto, Ken-Ichiro Matsumoto, Keita Saito, Ayano Enomoto, Shingo Matsumoto, James Mitchell, Nallathamby Devasahayam, Murali C Krishna
SIGNIFICANCE: Electron Paramagnetic Resonance imaging (EPRI) is a powerful technique capable of generating images of tissue oxygenation using exogenous paramagnetic probes such as trityl radicals or nitroxyl radicals. Using principles similar to Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) with field gradients, the spatial distribution of the paramagnetic probecan be generatedand,from its spectral features, spatial maps of oxygen can be obtained from live objects. In this review, two methods of signal acquisition, image formation/reconstruction will be described...
November 12, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124128/vascular-deformation-mapping-vdm-of-thoracic-aortic-enlargement-in-aneurysmal-disease-and-dissection
#7
Nicholas S Burris, Benjamin A Hoff, Ella A Kazerooni, Brian D Ross
Thoracic aortic aneurysm is a common and lethal disease that requires regular imaging surveillance to determine timing of surgical repair and prevent major complications such as rupture. Current cross-sectional imaging surveillance techniques, largely based on computed tomography angiography, are focused on measurement of maximal aortic diameter, although this approach is limited to fixed anatomic positions and is prone to significant measurement error. Here we present preliminary results showing the feasibility of a novel technique for assessing change in aortic dimensions, termed vascular deformation mapping (VDM)...
September 2017: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076331/an-evaluation-of-the-benefits-of-simultaneous-acquisition-on-pet-mr-coregistration-in-head-neck-imaging
#8
Serena Monti, Carlo Cavaliere, Mario Covello, Emanuele Nicolai, Marco Salvatore, Marco Aiello
Coregistration of multimodal diagnostic images is crucial for qualitative and quantitative multiparametric analysis. While retrospective coregistration is computationally intense and could be inaccurate, hybrid PET/MR scanners allow acquiring implicitly coregistered images. Aim of this study is to assess the performance of state-of-the-art coregistration methods applied to PET and MR acquired as single modalities, comparing the results with the implicitly coregistration of a hybrid PET/MR, in complex anatomical regions such as head/neck (HN)...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065582/an-evaluation-of-the-benefits-of-simultaneous-acquisition-on-pet-mr-coregistration-in-head-neck-imaging
#9
Serena Monti, Carlo Cavaliere, Mario Covello, Emanuele Nicolai, Marco Salvatore, Marco Aiello
Coregistration of multimodal diagnostic images is crucial for qualitative and quantitative multiparametric analysis. While retrospective coregistration is computationally intense and could be inaccurate, hybrid PET/MR scanners allow acquiring implicitly coregistered images. Aim of this study is to assess the performance of state-of-the-art coregistration methods applied to PET and MR acquired as single modalities, comparing the results with the implicitly coregistration of a hybrid PET/MR, in complex anatomical regions such as head/neck (HN)...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040022/added-value-of-a-single-fast-20-second-deep-inspiration-breath-hold-acquisition-in-fdg-pet-ct-in-the-assessment-of-lung-nodules
#10
Nicolas Balamoutoff, Benjamin Serrano, Florent Hugonnet, Nicolas Garnier, Benoît Paulmier, Marc Faraggi
Purpose To compare the accuracy of a single 20-second deep-inspiration breath hold (DIBH) in fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) to that with conventional free-breathing (FB) whole-body PET/CT for the assessment, characterization, and quantification of lung lesions in terms of the blurring effect of respiratory motion. Materials and Methods Institutional review board approval was obtained, and the requirement to obtain informed consent was waived. A preclinical study was performed in a test population of 19 patients to evaluate the feasibility and consistency of DIBH techniques compared with phase-based respiratory gating (PBRG)...
October 17, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036058/nonrigid-synthetic-aperture-radar-and-optical-image-coregistration-by-combining-local-rigid-transformations-using-a-kohonen-network
#11
Mehdi Salehpour, Alireza Behrad
This study proposes a new algorithm for nonrigid coregistration of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and optical images. The proposed algorithm employs point features extracted by the binary robust invariant scalable keypoints algorithm and a new method called weighted bidirectional matching for initial correspondence. To refine false matches, we assume that the transformation between SAR and optical images is locally rigid. This property is used to refine false matches by assigning scores to matched pairs and clustering local rigid transformations using a two-layer Kohonen network...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021314/augmented-3d-venous-navigation-for-neuroendovascular-procedures
#12
Raphaël Blanc, Robert Fahed, Pascal Roux, Stanislas Smajda, Gabriele Ciccio, Jean-Philippe Desilles, Hocine Redjem, Mikael Mazighi, Humain Baharvahdat, Michel Piotin
BACKGROUND: Endovascular venous access is increasingly used for the treatment of many cerebrovascular diseases. The quality of venous roadmapping through arterial injection can be problematic because of contrast media dilution, slow flow velocity, and unilateral opacification of the venous system. OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with the VesselNavigator (Philips Healthcare, Best, The Netherlands) in performing live 3D roadmapping for intracranial venous procedures...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940997/real-time-optical-coherence-tomography-coregistration-with-angiography-in-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-impact-on-physician-decision-making-the-optico-integration-study
#13
David M Leistner, Matthias Riedel, Lisa Steinbeck, Barbara E Stähli, Georg M Fröhlich, Alexander Lauten, Carsten Skurk, Hans-Christian Mochmann, Laura Lübking, Ursula Rauch-Kröhnert, Renate B Schnabel, Dirk Westermann, Stefan Blankenberg, Ulf Landmesser
AIMS: Intracoronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging allows for high-resolution characterization of coronary lesions. Difficulties in matching cross-sectional OCT-images with angiographic lesion localization may limit optimal clinical utilization. We sought to prospectively assess the impact of a novel system of real-time OCT coregistration with angiography (ACR) on physician decision-making during percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Strategy for PCI (stent - length, - diameter, - strategy, landing zone) and PCI-optimization (stent-malappostion, -underexpansion, edge-dissections, geographical mismatch) was prospectively assessed in 50 patients with 58 coronary lesions after (I) angiography, (II) OCT imaging, and (III) ACR...
September 20, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901055/phantom-based-image-quality-test-methods-for-photoacoustic-imaging-systems
#14
William C Vogt, Congxian Jia, Keith A Wear, Brian S Garra, T Joshua Pfefer
As photoacoustic imaging (PAI) technologies advance and applications arise, there is increasing need for standardized approaches to provide objective, quantitative performance assessment at various stages of the product development and clinical translation process. We have developed a set of performance test methods for PAI systems based on breast-mimicking tissue phantoms containing embedded inclusions. Performance standards for mature imaging modalities [magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and ultrasound] were used to guide selection of critical PAI image quality characteristics and experimental methods...
September 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862352/geometric-distortion-correction-in-prostate-diffusion-weighted-mri-and-its-effect-on-quantitative-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-analysis
#15
Gabriel Nketiah, Kirsten M Selnaes, Elise Sandsmark, Jose R Teruel, Brage Krüger-Stokke, Helena Bertilsson, Tone F Bathen, Mattijs Elschot
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of correction for B0 inhomogeneity-induced geometric distortion in echo-planar diffusion-weighted imaging on quantitative apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) analysis in multiparametric prostate MRI. METHODS: Geometric distortion correction was performed in echo-planar diffusion-weighted images (b = 0, 50, 400, 800 s/mm(2) ) of 28 patients, using two B0 scans with opposing phase-encoding polarities. Histology-matched tumor and healthy tissue volumes of interest delineated on T2 -weighted images were mapped to the nondistortion-corrected and distortion-corrected data sets by resampling with and without spatial coregistration...
September 1, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840171/estimation-of-subject-coregistration-errors-during-multimodal-preclinical-imaging-using-separate-instruments-origins-and-avoidance-of-artifacts
#16
Jean-Philippe Dillenseger, Christian Goetz, Amira Sayeh, Chris Healy, Isabelle Duluc, Jean-Noël Freund, André Constantinesco, Gaëlle Aubertin-Kirch, Philippe Choquet
We use high-resolution [Formula: see text] data in multiple experiments to estimate the sources of error during coregistration of images acquired on separate preclinical instruments. In combination with experiments with phantoms, we completed in vivo imaging on mice, aimed at identifying the possible sources of registration errors, caused either by transport of the animal, movement of the animal itself, or methods of coregistration. The same imaging cell was used as a holder for phantoms and animals. For all procedures, rigid coregistration was carried out using a common landmark coregistration system, placed inside the imaging cell...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815472/comparison-of-pet-ct-and-whole-mount-histopathology-sections-of-the-human-prostate-a-new-strategy-for-voxel-wise-evaluation
#17
F Schiller, T Fechter, C Zamboglou, A Chirindel, N Salman, C A Jilg, V Drendel, M Werner, P T Meyer, A-L Grosu, M Mix
BACKGROUND: Implementation of PET/CT in diagnosis of primary prostate cancer (PCa) requires a profound knowledge about the tracer, preferably from a quantitative evaluation. Direct visual comparison of PET/CT slices to whole prostate sections is hampered by considerable uncertainties from imperfect coregistration and fundamentally different image modalities. In the current study, we present a novel method for advanced voxel-wise comparison of histopathology from excised prostates to pre-surgical PET...
August 17, 2017: EJNMMI Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799683/positron-emission-tomography-imaging-in-gliomas-applications-in-clinical-diagnosis-for-assessment-of-prognosis-and-of-treatment-effects-and-for-detection-of-recurrences
#18
REVIEW
W-D Heiss
Neuroimaging plays a significant role in the diagnosis of intracranial tumours, especially brain gliomas, and must consist of an assessment of location and extent of the tumour and of its biological activity. Therefore, morphological imaging modalities and functional, metabolic or molecular imaging modalities should be combined for primary diagnosis and for following the course and evaluating therapeutic effects. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard for providing detailed morphological information and can supply some additional insights into metabolism (MR spectroscopy) and perfusion (perfusion-weighted imaging) but still has limitations in identifying tumour grade, invasive growth into neighbouring tissue and treatment-induced changes, as well as recurrences...
August 11, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752807/objective-assessment-of-listening-effort-coregistration-of-pupillometry-and-eeg
#19
Kelly Miles, Catherine McMahon, Isabelle Boisvert, Ronny Ibrahim, Peter de Lissa, Petra Graham, Björn Lyxell
Listening to speech in noise is effortful, particularly for people with hearing impairment. While it is known that effort is related to a complex interplay between bottom-up and top-down processes, the cognitive and neurophysiological mechanisms contributing to effortful listening remain unknown. Therefore, a reliable physiological measure to assess effort remains elusive. This study aimed to determine whether pupil dilation and alpha power change, two physiological measures suggested to index listening effort, assess similar processes...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745021/the-impact-of-t1-versus-epi-spatial-normalization-templates-for-fmri-data-analyses
#20
Vince D Calhoun, Tor D Wager, Anjali Krishnan, Keri S Rosch, Karen E Seymour, Mary Beth Nebel, Stewart H Mostofsky, Prashanth Nyalakanai, Kent Kiehl
Spatial normalization of brains to a standardized space is a widely used approach for group studies in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. Commonly used template-based approaches are complicated by signal dropout and distortions in echo planar imaging (EPI) data. The most widely used software packages implement two common template-based strategies: (1) affine transformation of the EPI data to an EPI template followed by nonlinear registration to an EPI template (EPInorm) and (2) affine transformation of the EPI data to the anatomic image for a given subject, followed by nonlinear registration of the anatomic data to an anatomic template, which produces a transformation that is applied to the EPI data (T1norm)...
November 2017: Human Brain Mapping
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