keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cardiac fibroblast

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142197/proteotoxicity-in-cardiac-amyloidosis-amyloidogenic-light-chains-affect-the-levels-of-intracellular-proteins-in-human-heart-cells
#1
Esther Imperlini, Massimiliano Gnecchi, Paola Rognoni, Eduard Sabidò, Maria Chiara Ciuffreda, Giovanni Palladini, Guadalupe Espadas, Francesco Mattia Mancuso, Margherita Bozzola, Giuseppe Malpasso, Veronica Valentini, Giuseppina Palladini, Stefania Orrù, Giovanni Ferraro, Paolo Milani, Stefano Perlini, Francesco Salvatore, Giampaolo Merlini, Francesca Lavatelli
AL amyloidosis is characterized by widespread deposition of immunoglobulin light chains (LCs) as amyloid fibrils. Cardiac involvement is frequent and leads to life-threatening cardiomyopathy. Besides the tissue alteration caused by fibrils, clinical and experimental evidence indicates that cardiac damage is also caused by proteotoxicity of prefibrillar amyloidogenic species. As in other amyloidoses, the damage mechanisms at cellular level are complex and largely undefined. We have characterized the molecular changes in primary human cardiac fibroblasts (hCFs) exposed in vitro to soluble amyloidogenic cardiotoxic LCs from AL cardiomyopathy patients...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141899/atypical-g-protein-%C3%AE-5-promotes-cardiac-oxidative-stress-apoptosis-and-fibrotic-remodeling-in-response-to-multiple-cancer-chemotherapeutics
#2
Biswanath Maity, Sreemoyee Chakraborti, Arnab Pramanick, Sudipta Saha, Somnath Singha Roy, Arnab Ray Chaudhuri, Madhusudan Das, Sujoy Ghosh, Adele Stewart
The clinical use of multiple classes of cancer chemotherapeutics is limited by irreversible, dose-dependent, and sometimes life-threatening cardiotoxicity. We report here that, though distinct in their mechanisms of action, doxorubicin, paclitaxel, and 5-FU all induce rapid and robust upregulation of atypical G protein Gβ5 in the myocardium, correlating with oxidative stress, myocyte apoptosis, and the accumulation of pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic cytokines. In ventricular cardiac myocytes (VCM), Gβ5 deficiency provided substantial protection against the cytotoxic actions of chemotherapeutics, including reductions in oxidative stress and simultaneous attenuation of ROS-dependent activation of the ATM and CaMKII pro-apoptotic signaling cascades...
November 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138860/an-rna%C3%A2-sequencing-study-identifies-candidate-genes-for-angiotensin-ii%C3%A2-induced-cardiac-remodeling
#3
Jin Shu, Zhanwen Liu, Li Jin, Haiya Wang
The present study aimed to reveal the underlying mechanism of angiotensin II (AngII)‑induced cardiac remodeling and to identify potential therapeutic targets for prevention. Rat cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) were cultured with 10 nM AngII for 12 h, and CFs without AngII were used as the control. Following RNA isolation from AngII treated and control CFs, RNA‑sequencing was performed to detect gene expression levels. Differentially‑expressed genes (DEGs) were identified using the linear models for microarray analysis package in R software, and their functions and pathways were examined via enrichment analysis...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138820/matrine-suppresses-cardiac-fibrosis-by-inhibiting-the-tgf%C3%A2-%C3%AE-smad-pathway-in-experimental-diabetic-cardiomyopathy
#4
Yong Zhang, Lei Cui, Gongchang Guan, Junkui Wang, Chuan Qiu, Tielin Yang, Yan Guo, Zhongwei Liu
Cardiac fibrosis is one of the pathological characteristics of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DbCM). Matrine treatment has proven to be effective in cases of organ fibrosis and cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, the anti-fibrosis-associated cardioprotective effects of matrine on DbCM were investigated. Rats with experimental DbCM were administered matrine orally. Cardiac functions were evaluated using invasive hemodynamic examinations. Cardiac compliance was assessed in isolated hearts. Using Sirius Red and fluorescence staining, the collagen in diabetic hearts was visualized...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133944/region-and-cell-type-resolved-quantitative-proteomic-map-of-the-human-heart
#5
Sophia Doll, Martina Dreßen, Philipp E Geyer, Daniel N Itzhak, Christian Braun, Stefanie A Doppler, Florian Meier, Marcus-Andre Deutsch, Harald Lahm, Rüdiger Lange, Markus Krane, Matthias Mann
The heart is a central human organ and its diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide, but an in-depth knowledge of the identity and quantity of its constituent proteins is still lacking. Here, we determine the healthy human heart proteome by measuring 16 anatomical regions and three major cardiac cell types by high-resolution mass spectrometry-based proteomics. From low microgram sample amounts, we quantify over 10,700 proteins in this high dynamic range tissue. We combine copy numbers per cell with protein organellar assignments to build a model of the heart proteome at the subcellular level...
November 13, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129988/effect-of-aldh2-on-high-glucose-induced-cardiac-fibroblast-oxidative-stress-apoptosis-and-fibrosis
#6
Xiaoyu Gu, Tingting Fang, Pinfang Kang, Junfeng Hu, Ying Yu, Zhenghong Li, Xiangyang Cheng, Qin Gao
Our study aimed firstly to observe whether ALDH2 was expressed in neonate rat cardiac fibroblasts, then to investigate the effect of activation of ALDH2 on oxidative stress, apoptosis, and fibrosis when cardiac fibroblasts were subjected to high glucose intervention. Cultured cardiac fibroblasts were randomly divided into normal (NG), NG + Alda-1, high glucose (HG), HG + Alda-1, HG + Alda-1 + daidzin, HG + daidzin, and hypertonic groups. Double-label immunofluorescence staining, RT-PCR, and Western blot revealed ALDH2 was expressed in cardiac fibroblasts...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127361/reentry-via-high-frequency-pacing-in-a-mathematical-model-for-human-ventricular-cardiac-tissue-with-a-localized-fibrotic-region
#7
Soling Zimik, Rahul Pandit
Localized heterogeneities, caused by the regional proliferation of fibroblasts, occur in mammalian hearts because of diseases like myocardial infarction. Such fibroblast clumps can become sources of pathological reentrant activities, e.g., spiral or scroll waves of electrical activation in cardiac tissue. The occurrence of reentry in cardiac tissue with heterogeneities, such as fibroblast clumps, can depend on the frequency at which the medium is paced. Therefore, it is important to study the reentry-initiating potential of such fibroblast clumps at different frequencies of pacing...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119680/nicorandil-regulates-the-macrophage-skewing-and-ameliorates-myofibroblasts-by-inhibition-of-rhoa-rho-kinase-signalling-in-infarcted-rats
#8
Tsung-Ming Lee, Shinn-Zong Lin, Nen-Chung Chang
We have demonstrated that ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP ) channel agonists attenuated fibrosis; however, the mechanism remained unclear. Since RhoA has been identified as a mediator of cardiac fibrosis, we sought to determine whether the anti-fibrotic effects of KATP channel agonists were mediated via regulating macrophage phenotype and fibroblast differentiation by a RhoA/RhoA-kinase-dependent pathway. Wistar male rats after induction of myocardial infarction were randomized to either vehicle, nicorandil, an antagonist of KATP channel glibenclamide, an antagonist of ROCK fasudil, or a combination of nicorandil and glibenclamide or fasudil and glibenclamide starting 24 hrs after infarction...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115553/endothelial%C3%A2-to%C3%A2-mesenchymal-transition-in-human-idiopathic-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#9
Yeqing Xie, Jianquan Liao, Yong Yu, Qi Guo, Yingzhen Yang, Junbo Ge, Haozhu Chen, Ruizhen Chen
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by left ventricular dilation and cardiac fibrosis. Emerging evidence indicated that endothelial‑to‑mesenchymal transition (Endo‑MT) is a crucial event during organ fibrosis. This study was performed to clarify whether Endo‑MT contributed to the progression of cardiac fibrosis in DCM. Cardiac samples from patients with DCM and control were obtained. The presence of endothelial markers, cluster of differentiation (CD)31 and vascular endothelial (VE)‑cadherin, and mesenchymal markers, α smooth muscle actin (SMA) and fibroblast‑specific protein 1 (FSP1) was performed using immunohistochemistry...
November 8, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114002/sdf-1%C3%AE-stromal-cell-derived-factor-1%C3%AE-induces-cardiac-fibroblasts-renal-microvascular-smooth-muscle-cells-and-glomerular-mesangial-cells-to-proliferate-cause-hypertrophy-and-produce-collagen
#10
Edwin K Jackson, Yumeng Zhang, Delbert D Gillespie, Xiao Zhu, Dongmei Cheng, Travis C Jackson
BACKGROUND: Activated cardiac fibroblasts (CFs), preglomerular vascular smooth muscle cells (PGVSMCs), and glomerular mesangial cells (GMCs) proliferate, cause hypertrophy, and produce collagen; in this way, activated CFs contribute to cardiac fibrosis, and activated PGVSMCs and GMCs promote renal fibrosis. In heart and kidney diseases, SDF-1α (stromal cell-derived factor 1α; endogenous CXCR4 [C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4] receptor agonist) levels are often elevated; therefore, it is important to know whether and how the SDF-1α/CXCR4 axis activates CFs, PGVSMCs, or GMCs...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114000/microrna-130a-a-potential-antifibrotic-target-in-cardiac-fibrosis
#11
Li Li, Kelsey R Bounds, Piyali Chatterjee, Sudhiranjan Gupta
BACKGROUND: Cardiac fibrosis occurs because of disruption of the extracellular matrix network leading to myocardial dysfunction. Angiotensin II has been implicated in the development of cardiac fibrosis. Recently, microRNAs have been identified as an attractive target for therapeutic intervention in cardiac pathologies; however, the underlying mechanism of microRNAs in cardiac fibrosis remains unclear. MicroRNA-130a (miR-130a) has been shown to participate in angiogenesis and cardiac arrhythmia; however, its role in cardiac fibrosis is unknown...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113826/ghrelin-suppresses-cardiac-fibrosis-of-post-myocardial-infarction-heart-failure-rats-by-adjusting-the-activina-follistatin-imbalance
#12
Chunyan Yang, Jinsha Liu, Kai Liu, Beibei Du, Kaiyao Shi, Mei Ding, Bing Li, Ping Yang
Ghrelin, a growth hormone-releasing peptide, potentially improves cardiac function, but the mechanisms remain unclear. In the study, the rat heart failure (HF) model was established by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) and treated with ghrelin (100μg/kg, subcutaneous injection, bid); neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were cultured and stimulated with Ang II (0.1μM) and ghrelin(0.1μM) to explore the underlying mechanism of ghrelin in myocardial remodeling. Hemodynamic changes and serum brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations were measured to assess cardiac function...
November 4, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107962/apoptosis-signal-regulating-kinase-1-inhibition-attenuates-cardiac-hypertrophy-and-cardiorenal-fibrosis-induced-by-uremic-toxins-implications-for-cardiorenal-syndrome
#13
Feby Savira, Longxing Cao, Ian Wang, Wendi Yang, Kevin Huang, Yue Hua, Beat M Jucker, Robert N Willette, Li Huang, Henry Krum, Zhiliang Li, Qiang Fu, Bing Hui Wang
Intracellular accumulation of protein-bound uremic toxins in the setting of cardiorenal syndrome leads to adverse effects on cardiorenal cellular functions, where cardiac hypertrophy and cardiorenal fibrosis are the hallmarks. In this study, we sought to determine if Apoptosis Signal-Regulated Kinase 1 (ASK1), an upstream regulator of cellular stress response, mediates cardiac hypertrophy and cardiorenal fibrosis induced by indoxyl sulfate (IS) and p-cresol sulfate (PCS) in vitro, and whether ASK1 inhibition is beneficial to ameliorate these cellular effects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107793/sustained-%C3%AE-ar-stimulation-induces-synthesis-and-secretion-of-growth-factors-in-cardiac-myocytes-that-affect-on-cardiac-fibroblast-activation
#14
Narawat Nuamnaichati, Vilasinee Hirunpanich Sato, Primchanien Moongkarndi, Warisara Parichatikanond, Supachoke Mangmool
Paracrine factors, including growth factors and cytokines, released from cardiac myocytes following β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) stimulation regulate cardiac fibroblasts. Activated cardiac fibroblasts have the ability to increase collagen synthesis, cell proliferation and myofibroblast differentiation, leading to cardiac fibrosis. However, it is unknown which β-AR subtypes and signaling pathways mediate the upregulation of paracrine factors in cardiac myocytes. In this study, we demonstrated that sustained stimulation of β-ARs significantly induced synthesis and secretion of growth factors, including connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), via the cAMP-dependent and protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent pathways...
October 28, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106524/cardiac-myocyte-%C3%AE-3-adrenergic-receptors-prevent-myocardial-fibrosis-by-modulating-oxidant-stress-dependent-paracrine-signaling
#15
Nerea Hermida, Lauriane Michel, Hrag Esfahani, Emilie Dubois-Deruy, Joanna Hammond, Caroline Bouzin, Andreas Markl, Henri Colin, Anne Van Steenbergen, Christophe De Meester, Christophe Beauloye, Sandrine Horman, Xiaoke Yin, Manuel Mayr, Jean-Luc Balligand
Aims: Human and mouse cardiac beta3-adrenergic receptors (beta3AR) exert antipathetic effects to those of beta1-2AR stimulation. We examined their role in modulating myocardial remodelling, particularly fibrosis in response to haemodynamic stress. Methods and results: Mice with cardiac myocyte-specific expression of beta3AR (ADRB3-tg) or tamoxifen-inducible homozygous deletion (c-Adrb3-ko, with loxP-targeted Adrb3) were submitted to transaortic constriction. A superfusion assay was used for proteomic analysis of paracrine mediators between beta3AR-expressing cardiac myocytes and cardiac fibroblasts cultured separately...
July 6, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104653/naringenin-inhibits-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-induced-cardiac-fibroblast-proliferation-and-collagen-synthesis-via-g0-g1-arrest
#16
Mingxin Liu, Xiping Xu, Jianhua Zhao, Yanhong Tang
The Traditional Chinese Medicine naringenin (NRG) has a number of biological effects, including anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-tumor and anti-atherosclerotic effects. However, the mechanism underlying its effects remains unclear. The aim of the present study is to investigate the role and mechanism of NRG on proliferation and collagen synthesis of cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) induced by transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1). Firstly, proliferation and collagen synthesis in CFs subjected to TGF-β1 was assessed subsequent to the consumption of NRG or control treatment...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104234/dupuytren-s-and-ledderhose-diseases-in-a-family-with-lmna-related-cardiomyopathy-and-a-novel-variant-in-the-aste1-gene
#17
Michael V Zaragoza, Cecilia H H Nguyen, Halida P Widyastuti, Linda A McCarthy, Anna Grosberg
Dupuytren's disease (palmar fibromatosis) involves nodules in fascia of the hand that leads to flexion contractures. Ledderhose disease (plantar fibromatosis) is similar with nodules of the foot. While clinical aspects are well-described, genetic mechanisms are unknown. We report a family with cardiac disease due to a heterozygous LMNA mutation (c.736C>T, p.Gln246Stop) with palmar/plantar fibromatosis and investigate the hypothesis that a second rare DNA variant increases the risk for fibrotic disease in LMNA mutation carriers...
November 1, 2017: Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096943/role-of-sprouty1-spry1-in-the-pathogenesis-of-atrial-fibrosis
#18
Gang Qiao, Dongsheng Xia, Zhaoyun Cheng, Guobao Zhang
Atrial fibrosis is the hallmark of atrial fibrillation (AF) dependent structure remodeling. Besides, sprouty 1 (Spry1) plays a key role in the process of fibrosis. In this study, we investigated whether Spry1 could regulate TGF-β1 in atrial fibrosis. Ten dogs or patients were assigned to control (n=4) and AF group (n=6). The left atrium of dogs or right atrial appendage of patients was taken. After that, cardiac fibroblasts were treated with or without angiotensin II (Ang II). Furthermore, cardiac fibroblasts were transfected with lentivirus of Spry1 over-expression vector, Spry1 shRNA or negative control (NC)...
April 28, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079873/regenerating-the-human-heart-direct-reprogramming-strategies-and-their-current-limitations
#19
REVIEW
Andrea Ghiroldi, Marco Piccoli, Giuseppe Ciconte, Carlo Pappone, Luigi Anastasia
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in the Western world. Unfortunately, current therapies are often only palliative, consequently essentially making heart transplantation necessary for many patients. However, several novel therapeutic approaches in the past two decades have yielded quite encouraging results. The generation of induced pluripotent stem cells, through the forced expression of stem cell-specific transcription factors, has inspired the most promising strategies for heart regeneration by direct reprogramming of cardiac fibroblasts into functional cardiomyocytes...
October 27, 2017: Basic Research in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074091/fibroblast-growth-factor-23-in-patients-with-acute-dyspnea-data-from-the-akershus-cardiac-examination-ace-2-study
#20
Magnus Nakrem Lyngbakken, Mohammad Osman Pervez, Jon Brynildsen, Marit Holmefjord Pedersen, Janne Sølvernes, Geir Christensen, Arne Didrik Høiseth, Torbjørn Omland, Helge Røsjø
BACKGROUND: Circulating fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) concentrations have been linked to left ventricular remodeling and unfavorable cardiovascular outcomes, but whether FGF23 is associated with heart failure (HF) diagnosis and outcome in unselected patients with dyspnea is unknown. Accordingly, we assessed the diagnostic and prognostic properties of FGF23 in patients presenting to the emergency department with acute dyspnea. METHODS AND RESULTS: FGF23 was measured in 314 patients admitted with acute dyspnea and the diagnostic and prognostic merit was compared to that of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
keyword
keyword
75790
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"