keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cardiac fibroblast

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733351/multi-cellular-transcriptional-analysis-of-mammalian-heart-regeneration
#1
Gregory A Quaife-Ryan, Choon Boon Sim, Mark Ziemann, Antony Kaspi, Haloom Rafehi, Mirana Ramialison, Assam El-Osta, James E Hudson, Enzo R Porrello
Background -The inability of the adult mammalian heart to regenerate following injury represents a major barrier in cardiovascular medicine. In contrast, the neonatal mammalian heart retains a transient capacity for regeneration, which is lost shortly after birth. Defining the molecular mechanisms that govern regenerative capacity in the neonatal period remains a central goal in cardiac biology. Here, we assemble a transcriptomic framework of multiple cardiac cell populations during postnatal development and following injury, which enables comparative analyses of the regenerative (neonatal) versus non-regenerative (adult) state for the first time...
July 21, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733035/mir-18a-5p-inhibits-endothelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-cardiac-fibrosis-through-the-notch2-pathway
#2
Huazhi Geng, Jun Guan
Hyperglycemia plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications; however, the mechanisms underlying diabetic cardiac fibrosis remain unclear. Endothelial cells are known to contribute to cardiac fibrosis through endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) under high glucose stimulation. Here we investigated the expression of miR-18a-5p and examined its functional role in human aortic valvular endothelial cells (HAVECs). Using HAVECs, we revealed that miR-18a-5p regulated high glucose-induced EndMT...
July 18, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731589/effects-of-nitric-oxide-on-large-conductance-ca-2-activated-k-currents-in-human-cardiac-fibroblasts-through-pka-and-pkg-related-pathways
#3
Hyemi Bae, Inja Lim
The human cardiac fibroblast (HCF) is the most abundant cell type in the myocardium, and HCFs play critical roles in maintaining normal cardiac function. However, unlike cardiomyocytes, the electrophysiology of HCFs is not well established. In the cardiovascular system, Ca(2+) -activated K(+) (KCa) channels have distinct physiological and pathological functions, and nitric oxide (NO) play key roles. In this study, we investigated the potential effects of NO on KCa channels in HCFs. We recorded strong oscillating, well-maintained outward K(+) currents without marked inactivation throughout the test pulse period and detected outward rectification in the I-V curve; these are all characteristics that are typical of KCa currents...
July 21, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731126/mir%C3%A2-132-in-atrial-fibrillation-directly-targets-connective-tissue-growth-factor
#4
Gang Qiao, Dongsheng Xia, Zhaoyun Cheng, Guobao Zhang
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequently occurring, persistent cardiac arrhythmia, and the hallmark of AF‑dependent structural remodeling is atrial fibrosis. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is important in the process of fibrosis. The association between miRNA and CTGF in AF‑dependent fibrosis remains to be elucidated. The present study aimed to determine if microRNA (miR)‑132 was able to regulate CTGF with an anti‑fibrotic effect in AF. A total of ten dogs or patients were assigned to control (n=4) and AF groups (n=6)...
July 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727799/atlantic-salmon-cardiac-primary-cultures-an-in-vitro-model-to-study-viral-host-pathogen-interactions-and-pathogenesis
#5
Patricia A Noguera, Bianka Grunow, Matthias Klinger, Katherine Lester, Bertrand Collet, Jorge Del-Pozo
Development of Salmon Cardiac Primary Cultures (SCPCs) from Atlantic salmon pre-hatch embryos and their application as in vitro model for cardiotropic viral infection research are described. Producing SCPCs requires plating of trypsin dissociated embryos with subsequent targeted harvest from 24h up to 3 weeks, of relevant tissues after visual identification. SCPCs are then transferred individually to chambered wells for culture in isolation, with incubation at 15-22°. SCPCs production efficiency was not influenced by embryo's origin (0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726917/engineering-micromyocardium-to-delineate-cellular-and-extracellular-regulation-of-myocardial-tissue-contractility
#6
Nethika R Ariyasinghe, Caitlin H Reck, Alyssa A Viscio, Andrew P Petersen, Davi M Lyra-Leite, Nathan Cho, Megan L McCain
Cardiovascular diseases are a leading cause of death, in part due to limitations of existing models of the myocardium. Myocardium consists of aligned, contractile cardiac myocytes interspersed with fibroblasts that synthesize extracellular matrix (ECM). The cellular demographics and biochemical and mechanical properties of the ECM remodel in many different cardiac diseases. However, the impact of diverse cellular and extracellular remodeling on the contractile output of the myocardium are poorly understood...
July 20, 2017: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724751/tomo-seq-identifies-sox9-as-a-key-regulator-of-cardiac-fibrosis-during-ischemic-injury
#7
Grégory P A Lacraz, Jan Philipp Junker, Monika M Gladka, Bas Molenaar, Koen T Scholman, Marta Vigil-Garcia, Danielle Versteeg, Hesther de Ruiter, Marit W Vermunt, Menno P Creyghton, Manon M H Huibers, Nicolaas de Jonge, Alexander van Oudenaarden, Eva van Rooij
Background -Cardiac ischemic injury induces a pathological remodeling response, which can ultimately lead to heart failure. Detailed mechanistic insights into molecular signaling pathways relevant for different aspects of cardiac remodeling will support the identification of novel therapeutic targets. Methods -While genome-wide transcriptome analysis on diseased tissues has greatly advanced our understanding of the regulatory networks that drive pathological changes in the heart, this approach has been disadvantaged by the fact that the signals are derived from tissue homogenates...
July 19, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724653/haplodeficiency-of-ataxia-telangiectasia-mutated-accelerates-heart-failure-after-myocardial-infarction
#8
Lixin Jia, Wenmei Zhang, Youcai Ma, Boya Chen, Yan Liu, Chunmei Piao, Yuan Wang, Min Yang, Tingting Liu, Junmeng Zhang, Taotao Li, Shaoping Nie, Jie Du
BACKGROUND: Cell senescence is involved in the process of organ damage and repair; however, the underlying molecular mechanism needs to be further explored. METHODS AND RESULTS: Senescence-related genes (ie, p21, p53, and ataxia telangiectasia mutated [ATM]) were shown to be elevated after myocardial infarction (MI) in both mouse and human hearts. Ten- to 12-week-old male wild-type littermates (ATM(+/+)) and ATM heterozygous mice (ATM(+/-)) were subjected to MI...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716707/non-oxidizable-hmgb1-induces-cardiac-fibroblasts-migration-via-cxcr4-in-a-cxcl12-independent-manner-and-worsens-tissue-remodeling-after-myocardial-infarction
#9
Stefania Di Maggio, Giuseppina Milano, Francesco De Marchis, Alessandro D'Ambrosio, Matteo Bertolotti, Blanca Soler Palacios, Ileana Badi, Elena Sommariva, Giulio Pompilio, Maurizio C Capogrossi, Angela Raucci
Myocardial infarction (MI) is a major health burden worldwide. Extracellular High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) regulates tissue healing after injuries. The reduced form of HMGB1 (fr-HMGB1) exerts chemotactic activity by binding CXCL12 through CXCR4, while the disulfide form, (ds-HMGB1), induces cytokines expression by TLR4. Here, we assessed the role of HMGB1 redox forms and the non-oxidizable mutant (3S) on human cardiac fibroblast (hcFbs) functions and cardiac remodeling after infarction. Among HMGB1 receptors, hcFbs express CXCR4...
July 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715377/creation-of-cardiac-tissue-exhibiting-mechanical-integration-of-spheroids-using-3d-bioprinting
#10
Chin Siang Ong, Takuma Fukunishi, Andrew Nashed, Adriana Blazeski, Huaitao Zhang, Samantha Hardy, Deborah DiSilvestre, Luca Vricella, John Conte, Leslie Tung, Gordon Tomaselli, Narutoshi Hibino
This protocol describes 3D bioprinting of cardiac tissue without the use of biomaterials, using only cells. Cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells and fibroblasts are first isolated, counted and mixed at desired cell ratios. They are co-cultured in individual wells in ultra-low attachment 96-well plates. Within 3 days, beating spheroids form. These spheroids are then picked up by a nozzle using vacuum suction and assembled on a needle array using a 3D bioprinter. The spheroids are then allowed to fuse on the needle array...
July 2, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713900/nlrc5-silencing-ameliorates-cardiac-fibrosis-by-inhibiting-the-tgf%C3%A2-%C3%AE-1-smad3-signaling-pathway
#11
Hongtao Zhou, Xuefang Yu, Guiming Zhou
The proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) and excessive deposition of extracellular matrix are the predominant pathological characteristics of cardiac fibrosis. As the largest member of the nucleotide‑binding domain and leucine‑rich repeat (NLR) family, NLRC5 has been shown to be pivotal in the development of hepatic fibrosis. However, whether NLRC5 is involved in the pathogenesis of cardiac fibrosis remains to be elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the role of NLRC5 and its mechanisms in regulating cardiac fibrosis...
September 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713274/stimulation-of-adenosine-a2b-receptor-inhibits-endothelin-1-induced-cardiac-fibroblast-proliferation-and-%C3%AE-smooth-muscle-actin-synthesis-through-the-camp-epac-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#12
Sarawuth Phosri, Ajaree Arieyawong, Kwanchai Bunrukchai, Warisara Parichatikanond, Akiyuki Nishimura, Motohiro Nishida, Supachoke Mangmool
Background and Purpose: Cardiac fibrosis is characterized by an increase in fibroblast proliferation, overproduction of extracellular matrix proteins, and the formation of myofibroblast that express α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA). Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is involved in the pathogenesis of cardiac fibrosis. Overstimulation of endothelin receptors induced cell proliferation, collagen synthesis, and α-SMA expression in cardiac fibroblasts. Although adenosine was shown to have cardioprotective effects, the molecular mechanisms by which adenosine A2 receptor inhibit ET-1-induced fibroblast proliferation and α-SMA expression in cardiac fibroblasts are not clearly identified...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711329/cardiac-reprogramming-factor-gata4-reduces-postinfarct-cardiac-fibrosis-through-direct-repression-of-the-profibrotic-mediator-snail
#13
Megumi Mathison, Vivek P Singh, Deepthi Sanagasetti, Lina Yang, Jaya Pratap Pinnamaneni, Jianchang Yang, Todd K Rosengart
OBJECTIVE: The administration of a variety of reprogramming factor cocktails has now been shown to reprogram cardiac fibroblasts into induced cardiomyocyte-like cells. However, reductions in ventricular fibrosis observed after reprogramming factor administration seem to far exceed the extent of induced cardiomyocyte-like cell generation in vivo. We investigated whether reprogramming factor administration might primarily play a role in activating antifibrotic molecular pathways. METHODS: Adult rat cardiac fibroblasts were infected with lentivirus encoding the transcription factors Gata4, Mef2c, or Tbx5, all 3 vectors, or a green fluorescent protein control vector...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710068/gq-activated-fibroblasts-induce-cardiomyocyte-action-potential-prolongation-and-automaticity-in-a-3d-microtissue-environment
#14
Celinda M Kofron, Tae Yun Kim, Michelle E King, An Xie, Feng Feng, Elizabeth Park, Zhilin Qu, Bum-Rak Choi, Ulrike Mende
Cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) are known to regulate cardiomyocyte (CM) function in vivo and in 2D in vitro cultures. This study examined the effect of CF activation on the regulation of CM electrical activity in a 3D microtissue environment. Using a scaffold-free 3D platform with interspersed neonatal rat ventricular CMs and CFs, Gq-mediated signaling was selectively enhanced in CFs by Gαq adenoviral infection prior to co-seeding with CMs in non-adhesive hydrogels. After 3 days, the microtissues were analyzed by signaling assay, histological staining, quantitative PCR, Western blots, optical mapping with voltage- or calcium-sensitive dyes, and microelectrode recordings of CF resting membrane potential (RMPCF)...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709936/effects-of-klotho-on-fibrosis-and-cancer-a-renal-focus-on-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-strategies
#15
Rik Mencke, Hannes Olauson, Jan-Luuk Hillebrands
Klotho is a membrane-bound protein predominantly expressed in the kidney, where it acts as a permissive co-receptor for Fibroblast Growth Factor 23. In its shed form, Klotho exerts anti-fibrotic effects in several tissues. Klotho-deficient mice spontaneously develop fibrosis and Klotho deficiency exacerbates the disease progression in fibrotic animal models. Furthermore, Klotho overexpression or supplementation protects against fibrosis in various models of renal and cardiac fibrotic disease. These effects are mediated at least partially by the direct inhibitory effects of soluble Klotho on TGFβ1 signaling, Wnt signaling, and FGF2 signaling...
July 11, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705316/cell-specific-pathways-supporting-persistent-fibrosis-in-heart-failure
#16
Stephen D Farris, Creighton Don, Deri Helterline, Christopher Costa, Tabitha Plummer, Susanne Steffes, Claudius Mahr, Nahush A Mokadam, April Stempien-Otero
BACKGROUND: Only limited data exist describing the histologic and noncardiomyocyte function of human myocardium in end-stage heart failure (HF). OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to determine changes in noncardiomyocyte cellular activity in patients with end-stage HF after left ventricular assist device (LVAD)-induced remodeling to identify mechanisms impeding recovery. METHODS: Myocardium was obtained from subjects undergoing LVAD placement and/or heart transplantation...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702049/endurance-exercise-ability-in-the-horse-a-trait-with-complex-polygenic-determinism
#17
Anne Ricard, Céline Robert, Christine Blouin, Fanny Baste, Gwendoline Torquet, Caroline Morgenthaler, Julie Rivière, Nuria Mach, Xavier Mata, Laurent Schibler, Eric Barrey
Endurance horses are able to run at more than 20 km/h for 160 km (in bouts of 30-40 km). This level of performance is based on intense aerobic metabolism, effective body heat dissipation and the ability to endure painful exercise. The known heritabilities of endurance performance and exercise-related physiological traits in Arabian horses suggest that adaptation to extreme endurance exercise is influenced by genetic factors. The objective of the present genome-wide association study (GWAS) was to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) related to endurance racing performance in 597 Arabian horses...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701671/is-serum-uric-acid-independently-associated-with-left-ventricular-mass-index-ejection-fraction-and-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-among-female-and-male-cardiac-patients
#18
Yohei Yamauchi, Shu-Ichi Fujita, Kensaku Shibata, Hideaki Morita, Takahide Ito, Koichi Sohmiya, Masaaki Hoshiga, Nobukazu Ishizaka
Mean serum uric acid (SUA) levels are higher in men than women. In addition, recent studies have suggested that the SUA threshold at which the cardiovascular risk might increase may vary between women and men. In the current retrospective study, by analyzing the data from 219 female and 519 male patients who were free from uric acid-lowering medication, we investigated whether SUA is associated with left ventricular mass index (LVMI), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) independent of confounding factors, such as serum calcium, inorganic phosphate, and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), in a gender-specific manner...
July 13, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699788/allogeneic-cell-therapy-manufacturing-process-development-technologies-and-facility-design-options
#19
Saeed Abbasalizadeh, Mohammad Pakzad, Joaquim M S Cabral, Hossein Baharvand
Currently, promising outcomes from clinical trials of allogeneic cells, especially allogeneic mesenchymal stromal cells, fibroblasts, keratinocytes, and human cardiac stem cells, have encouraged research institutions, small and medium enterprises (SMEs), and big pharmaceutical companies to invest and focus on developing allogeneic cell therapy products. Commercial and large-scale production of allogeneic cell therapy products requires unique capabilities to develop technologies that generate safe and effective allogeneic cells/cell lines and their fully characterized master/working banks...
July 20, 2017: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690022/absence-of-myostatin-improves-cardiac-function-following-myocardial-infarction
#20
Sarina Lim, Chris D McMahon, Kenneth G Matthews, Gerard P Devlin, Marianne S Elston, John V Conaglen
BACKGROUND: Myostatin inhibits the development of skeletal muscle and regulates the proliferation of skeletal muscle fibroblasts. However, the role of myostatin in regulating cardiac muscle or myofibroblasts, specifically in acute myocardial infarction (MI), is less clear. This study sought to determine whether absence of myostatin altered left ventricular function post-MI. METHODS: Myostatin-null mice (Mstn(-/-)) and wild-type (WT) mice underwent ligation of the left anterior descending artery to induce MI...
June 15, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
keyword
keyword
75790
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"