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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786082/mtorc2-but-not-mtorc1-is-required-for-hippocampal-mglur-ltd-and-associated-behaviors
#1
Ping Jun Zhu, Chien-Ju Chen, Jacqunae Mays, Loredana Stoica, Mauro Costa-Mattioli
The mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) has been reported to be necessary for metabotropic glutamate receptor-mediated long-term depression (mGluR-LTD). Here we found that mTORC1-deficient mice exhibit normal hippocampal mGluR-LTD and associated behaviors. Moreover, rapamycin blocks mGluR-LTD in mTORC1-deficient mice. However, both rapamycin and mGluR activation regulate mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2) activity, and mTORC2-deficient mice show impaired mGluR-LTD and associated behaviors. Thus, mTORC2 is a major regulator of mGluR-LTD...
May 21, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769167/impact-of-sex-on-comparative-outcomes-of-bivalirudin-versus-unfractionated-heparin-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-undergoing-invasive-management-a-pre-specified-analysis-of-the-matrix-trial
#2
Giuseppe Gargiulo, Bruno R da Costa, Enrico Frigoli, Cataldo Palmieri, Marco Stefano Nazzaro, Camillo Falcone, Armando Liso, Carlo Vigna, Fabio Abate, Marco Comeglio, Roberto Diletti, Gabriele Gabrielli, Emilio Di Lorenzo, Pietro Mazzarotto, Marco Zimarino, Claudio Moretti, Antonio Colombo, Carlo Penzo, Giampaolo Pasquetto, Salvatore Brugaletta, Fabio Ferrari, Gavino Casu, Vincenzo Guiducci, Antonio Dellavalle, Francesco Liistro, Ciro Mauro, Arnoud W J Van't Hof, Elmir Omerovic, Salvatore Curello, Jose Maria de la Torre Hernandez, Stefano De Servi, Flavia Belloni, Stephan Windecker, Marco Valgimigli
AIMS: To assess whether bivalirudin compared with unfractionated heparin (UFH) is associated with consistent outcomes in male and female patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing invasive management. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the MATRIX program,7213 patients were randomized to bivalirudin or UFH.Patients in bivalirudin group were subsequently assigned to receive or not to receive a post-PCI infusion.The 30-day coprimary outcomes were major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACE),defined as death,myocardial infarction,or stroke,and net adverse clinical events (NACE),defined as MACE or major bleeding...
May 15, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768611/deaths-of-women-hospitalized-for-childbirth-and-abortion-and-of-their-concept-in-maternity-wards-of-brazilian-public-hospitals
#3
Pauline Lorena Kale, Maria Helena Prado de Mello Jorge, Sandra Costa Fonseca, Angela Maria Cascão, Kátia Silveira da Silva, Ana Cristina Reis, Mauro Tomoyuki Taniguchi
The aim of this cross-sectional hospital-based study of 7,845 pregnancies was to analyze deaths of women hospitalized for childbirth and abortion, and fetal and neonatal deaths, in public hospitals in the cities of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Niteroi (RJ), Brazil, in 2011. Outcomes of the pregnancies were: one maternal death, 498 abortions, 65 fetal deaths, 44 neonatal deaths and 7,291 infant survivors. Data were collected through interviews, medical records and the women's pregnancy records, and from the Mortality Information System (SIM)...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684082/unraveling-the-genetic-structure-of-brazilian-commercial-sugarcane-cultivars-through-microsatellite-markers
#4
João Ricardo Vieira Manechini, Juliana Borges da Costa, Bruna Turcatto Pereira, Luciana Aparecida Carlini-Garcia, Mauro Alexandre Xavier, Marcos Guimarães de Andrade Landell, Luciana Rossini Pinto
The Brazilian sugarcane industry plays an important role in the worldwide supply of sugar and ethanol. Investigation into the genetic structure of current commercial cultivars and comparisons to the main ancestor species allow sugarcane breeding programs to better manage crosses and germplasm banks as well as to promote its rational use. In the present study, the genetic structure of a group of Brazilian cultivars currently grown by commercial producers was assessed through microsatellite markers and contrasted with a group of basic germplasm mainly composed of Saccharum officinarum and S...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665402/n-acetylcysteine-inhibits-mancozeb-induced-impairments-to-the-normal-development-of-zebrafish-embryos
#5
Dennis Guilherme Costa-Silva, Luana Paganotto Leandro, Pratícia Brum Vieira, Nelson Rodrigues de Carvalho, Andressa Rubim Lopes, Lucia Emanueli Schimith, Mauro Eugênio Medina Nunes, Renata Siqueira de Mello, Illana Kemmerich Martins, Adriano Alves de Paula, Andrés Delgado Cañedo, José Cláudio Fonseca Moreira, Thais Posser, Jeferson Luis Franco
Mancozeb (MZ), a manganese/zinc-containing ethylene-bis-dithiocarbamate (EBCD) fungicide has been claimed to present low acute toxicity and short environmental persistence, however, its effects on embryogenesis in non-target organisms is unclear. Here, we used zebrafish embryos (5 hpf) to assess the potential embryotoxic effects induced by MZ (up to 72 hpf) as well as the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in this process by pre-treatment with a classical antioxidant (N-acetylcysteine, NAC). Markers of reactive oxygen species production (ROS), glutathione (GSH) levels and glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity were measured along with genotoxicity (comet assay), cell death (Acridine Orange) and behavioral parameters (spontaneous movement, touch stimulation and swimming response), in order to determine potential mechanisms of embryotoxicity...
April 14, 2018: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614973/in-vitro-antibacterial-activity-of-bioactive-glass-s53p4-on-multiresistant-pathogens-causing-osteomyelitis-and-prosthetic-joint-infection
#6
Mateus Trinconi Cunha, Maria Aparecida Murça, Stanley Nigro, Giselle Burlamaqui Klautau, Mauro José Costa Salles
BACKGROUND: Conventional local treatment for medullary osteomyelitis (OM) includes insertion of antibiotic-loaded polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) cement. Nevertheless, PMMA may delivery irregular concentration of antibiotic to surrounding tissue. We aimed to compare the in vitro antibacterial activity of Bioactive Glass (BAG) S53P4, which is a compound showing local antibacterial activity, to that of antibiotic-loaded PMMA against multidrug resistant bacteria from OM isolates. METHODS: We studied convenience samples of multidrug resistant (MDR) microorganisms obtained from patients presenting OM and prosthetic joint infection (PJI)...
April 3, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589262/ocimum-basilicum-but-not-ocimum-gratissimum-present-cytotoxic-effects-on-human-breast-cancer-cell-line-mcf-7-inducing-apoptosis-and-triggering-mtor-akt-p70s6k-pathway
#7
Renan Gianoti Torres, Livia Casanova, Julia Carvalho, Mariah Celestino Marcondes, Sonia Soares Costa, Mauro Sola-Penna, Patricia Zancan
Breast cancer is the major cause of death by cancer in women worldwide and in spite of the many drugs for its treatment, there is still the need for novel therapies for its control. Ocimum species have been used by traditional medicine to control several diseases, including cancer. We have previously characterized the antidiabetic properties of the unfractionated aqueous leaf extracts of Ocimum basilicum (OB) and Ocimum gratissimum (OG), modulating glucose metabolism in diabetic mice. Since glucose metabolism is primordial for cancer cells survival, we hypothesized that these extracts are effective against cancer cells...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577353/determination-of-topiramate-by-capillary-electrophoresis-with-capacitively-coupled-contactless-conductivity-detection-a-powerful-tool-for-therapeutic-monitoring-in-epileptic-patients
#8
Aline Akemi Ishikawa, Rodrigo Moreira da Silva, Mauro Sérgio Ferreira Santos, Eric Tavares da Costa, Americo Ceiki Sakamoto, Emanuel Carrilho, Cristiane Masetto Gaitani, Carlos D Garcia
Topiramate (TPM) is the main antiepileptic drug used for the control of partial and generalized seizures in both adults and children. In association with clinical observations, the analysis of plasmatic concentration of TPM is of utmost importance for the individual adjustment of the administered dose to the patient. In the present work, a bioanalytical method was developed and validated for TPM analysis in plasma samples by capillary electrophoresis with capacitively-coupled contactless conductivity detection (CE-C4 D)...
March 25, 2018: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570314/d-meson-azimuthal-anisotropy-in-midcentral-pb-pb-collisions-at-sqrt-s-_-nn-5-02-tev
#9
S Acharya, D Adamová, J Adolfsson, M M Aggarwal, G Aglieri Rinella, M Agnello, N Agrawal, Z Ahammed, N Ahmad, S U Ahn, S Aiola, A Akindinov, S N Alam, J L B Alba, D S D Albuquerque, D Aleksandrov, B Alessandro, R Alfaro Molina, A Alici, A Alkin, J Alme, T Alt, L Altenkamper, I Altsybeev, C Alves Garcia Prado, C Andrei, D Andreou, H A Andrews, A Andronic, V Anguelov, C Anson, T Antičić, F Antinori, P Antonioli, R Anwar, L Aphecetche, H Appelshäuser, S Arcelli, R Arnaldi, O W Arnold, I C Arsene, M Arslandok, B Audurier, A Augustinus, R Averbeck, M D Azmi, A Badalà, Y W Baek, S Bagnasco, R Bailhache, R Bala, A Baldisseri, M Ball, R C Baral, A M Barbano, R Barbera, F Barile, L Barioglio, G G Barnaföldi, L S Barnby, V Barret, P Bartalini, K Barth, E Bartsch, M Basile, N Bastid, S Basu, G Batigne, B Batyunya, P C Batzing, I G Bearden, H Beck, C Bedda, N K Behera, I Belikov, F Bellini, H Bello Martinez, R Bellwied, L G E Beltran, V Belyaev, G Bencedi, S Beole, A Bercuci, Y Berdnikov, D Berenyi, R A Bertens, D Berzano, L Betev, A Bhasin, I R Bhat, A K Bhati, B Bhattacharjee, J Bhom, L Bianchi, N Bianchi, C Bianchin, J Bielčík, J Bielčíková, A Bilandzic, G Biro, R Biswas, S Biswas, J T Blair, D Blau, C Blume, G Boca, F Bock, A Bogdanov, L Boldizsár, M Bombara, G Bonomi, M Bonora, J Book, H Borel, A Borissov, M Borri, E Botta, C Bourjau, L Bratrud, P Braun-Munzinger, M Bregant, T A Broker, M Broz, E J Brucken, E Bruna, G E Bruno, D Budnikov, H Buesching, S Bufalino, P Buhler, P Buncic, O Busch, Z Buthelezi, J B Butt, J T Buxton, J Cabala, D Caffarri, H Caines, A Caliva, E Calvo Villar, P Camerini, A A Capon, F Carena, W Carena, F Carnesecchi, J Castillo Castellanos, A J Castro, E A R Casula, C Ceballos Sanchez, P Cerello, S Chandra, B Chang, S Chapeland, M Chartier, J L Charvet, S Chattopadhyay, S Chattopadhyay, A Chauvin, M Cherney, C Cheshkov, B Cheynis, V Chibante Barroso, D D Chinellato, S Cho, P Chochula, K Choi, M Chojnacki, S Choudhury, T Chowdhury, P Christakoglou, C H Christensen, P Christiansen, T Chujo, S U Chung, C Cicalo, L Cifarelli, F Cindolo, J Cleymans, F Colamaria, D Colella, A Collu, M Colocci, M Concas, G Conesa Balbastre, Z Conesa Del Valle, M E Connors, J G Contreras, T M Cormier, Y Corrales Morales, I Cortés Maldonado, P Cortese, M R Cosentino, F Costa, S Costanza, J Crkovská, P Crochet, E Cuautle, L Cunqueiro, T Dahms, A Dainese, M C Danisch, A Danu, D Das, I Das, S Das, A Dash, S Dash, S De, A De Caro, G de Cataldo, C de Conti, J de Cuveland, A De Falco, D De Gruttola, N De Marco, S De Pasquale, R D De Souza, H F Degenhardt, A Deisting, A Deloff, C Deplano, P Dhankher, D Di Bari, A Di Mauro, P Di Nezza, B Di Ruzza, M A Diaz Corchero, T Dietel, P Dillenseger, R Divià, Ø Djuvsland, A Dobrin, D Domenicis Gimenez, B Dönigus, O Dordic, L V V Doremalen, A K Dubey, A Dubla, L Ducroux, A K Duggal, P Dupieux, R J Ehlers, D Elia, E Endress, H Engel, E Epple, B Erazmus, F Erhardt, B Espagnon, S Esumi, G Eulisse, J Eum, D Evans, S Evdokimov, L Fabbietti, J Faivre, A Fantoni, M Fasel, L Feldkamp, A Feliciello, G Feofilov, J Ferencei, A Fernández Téllez, E G Ferreiro, A Ferretti, A Festanti, V J G Feuillard, J Figiel, M A S Figueredo, S Filchagin, D Finogeev, F M Fionda, E M Fiore, M Floris, S Foertsch, P Foka, S Fokin, E Fragiacomo, A Francescon, A Francisco, U Frankenfeld, G G Fronze, U Fuchs, C Furget, A Furs, M Fusco Girard, J J Gaardhøje, M Gagliardi, A M Gago, K Gajdosova, M Gallio, C D Galvan, P Ganoti, C Gao, C Garabatos, E Garcia-Solis, K Garg, C Gargiulo, P Gasik, E F Gauger, M B Gay Ducati, M Germain, J Ghosh, P Ghosh, S K Ghosh, P Gianotti, P Giubellino, P Giubilato, E Gladysz-Dziadus, P Glässel, D M Goméz Coral, A Gomez Ramirez, A S Gonzalez, V Gonzalez, P González-Zamora, S Gorbunov, L Görlich, S Gotovac, V Grabski, L K Graczykowski, K L Graham, L Greiner, A Grelli, C Grigoras, V Grigoriev, A Grigoryan, S Grigoryan, N Grion, J M Gronefeld, F Grosa, J F Grosse-Oetringhaus, R Grosso, L Gruber, F Guber, R Guernane, B Guerzoni, K Gulbrandsen, T Gunji, A Gupta, R Gupta, I B Guzman, R Haake, C Hadjidakis, H Hamagaki, G Hamar, J C Hamon, M R Haque, J W Harris, A Harton, H Hassan, D Hatzifotiadou, S Hayashi, S T Heckel, E Hellbär, H Helstrup, A Herghelegiu, G Herrera Corral, F Herrmann, B A Hess, K F Hetland, H Hillemanns, C Hills, B Hippolyte, J Hladky, B Hohlweger, D Horak, S Hornung, R Hosokawa, P Hristov, C Hughes, T J Humanic, N Hussain, T Hussain, D Hutter, D S Hwang, S A Iga Buitron, R Ilkaev, M Inaba, M Ippolitov, M Irfan, V Isakov, M Ivanov, V Ivanov, V Izucheev, B Jacak, N Jacazio, P M Jacobs, M B Jadhav, J Jadlovsky, S Jaelani, C Jahnke, M J Jakubowska, M A Janik, P H S Y Jayarathna, C Jena, S Jena, M Jercic, R T Jimenez Bustamante, P G Jones, A Jusko, P Kalinak, A Kalweit, J H Kang, V Kaplin, S Kar, A Karasu Uysal, O Karavichev, T Karavicheva, L Karayan, P Karczmarczyk, E Karpechev, U Kebschull, R Keidel, D L D Keijdener, M Keil, B Ketzer, Z Khabanova, P Khan, S A Khan, A Khanzadeev, Y Kharlov, A Khatun, A Khuntia, M M Kielbowicz, B Kileng, B Kim, D Kim, D J Kim, H Kim, J S Kim, J Kim, M Kim, M Kim, S Kim, T Kim, S Kirsch, I Kisel, S Kiselev, A Kisiel, G Kiss, J L Klay, C Klein, J Klein, C Klein-Bösing, S Klewin, A Kluge, M L Knichel, A G Knospe, C Kobdaj, M Kofarago, T Kollegger, A Kolojvari, V Kondratiev, N Kondratyeva, E Kondratyuk, A Konevskikh, M Konyushikhin, M Kopcik, M Kour, C Kouzinopoulos, O Kovalenko, V Kovalenko, M Kowalski, G Koyithatta Meethaleveedu, I Králik, A Kravčáková, M Krivda, F Krizek, E Kryshen, M Krzewicki, A M Kubera, V Kučera, C Kuhn, P G Kuijer, A Kumar, J Kumar, L Kumar, S Kumar, S Kundu, P Kurashvili, A Kurepin, A B Kurepin, A Kuryakin, S Kushpil, M J Kweon, Y Kwon, S L La Pointe, P La Rocca, C Lagana Fernandes, Y S Lai, I Lakomov, R Langoy, K Lapidus, C Lara, A Lardeux, A Lattuca, E Laudi, R Lavicka, L Lazaridis, R Lea, L Leardini, S Lee, F Lehas, S Lehner, J Lehrbach, R C Lemmon, V Lenti, E Leogrande, I León Monzón, P Lévai, S Li, X Li, J Lien, R Lietava, B Lim, S Lindal, V Lindenstruth, S W Lindsay, C Lippmann, M A Lisa, V Litichevskyi, H M Ljunggren, W J Llope, D F Lodato, P I Loenne, V Loginov, C Loizides, P Loncar, X Lopez, E López Torres, A Lowe, P Luettig, J R Luhder, M Lunardon, G Luparello, M Lupi, T H Lutz, A Maevskaya, M Mager, S Mahajan, S M Mahmood, A Maire, R D Majka, M Malaev, L Malinina, D Mal'Kevich, P Malzacher, A Mamonov, V Manko, F Manso, V Manzari, Y Mao, M Marchisone, J Mareš, G V Margagliotti, A Margotti, J Margutti, A Marín, C Markert, M Marquard, N A Martin, P Martinengo, J A L Martinez, M I Martínez, G Martínez García, M Martinez Pedreira, A Mas, S Masciocchi, M Masera, A Masoni, E Masson, A Mastroserio, A M Mathis, A Matyja, C Mayer, J Mazer, M Mazzilli, M A Mazzoni, F Meddi, Y Melikyan, A Menchaca-Rocha, E Meninno, J Mercado Pérez, M Meres, S Mhlanga, Y Miake, M M Mieskolainen, D Mihaylov, D L Mihaylov, K Mikhaylov, L Milano, J Milosevic, A Mischke, A N Mishra, D Miśkowiec, J Mitra, C M Mitu, N Mohammadi, B Mohanty, M Mohisin Khan, E Montes, D A Moreira De Godoy, L A P Moreno, S Moretto, A Morreale, A Morsch, V Muccifora, E Mudnic, D Mühlheim, S Muhuri, M Mukherjee, J D Mulligan, M G Munhoz, K Münning, R H Munzer, H Murakami, S Murray, L Musa, J Musinsky, C J Myers, J W Myrcha, B Naik, R Nair, B K Nandi, R Nania, E Nappi, A Narayan, M U Naru, H Natal da Luz, C Nattrass, S R Navarro, K Nayak, R Nayak, T K Nayak, S Nazarenko, A Nedosekin, R A Negrao De Oliveira, L Nellen, S V Nesbo, F Ng, M Nicassio, M Niculescu, J Niedziela, B S Nielsen, S Nikolaev, S Nikulin, V Nikulin, A Nobuhiro, F Noferini, P Nomokonov, G Nooren, J C C Noris, J Norman, A Nyanin, J Nystrand, H Oeschler, S Oh, A Ohlson, T Okubo, L Olah, J Oleniacz, A C Oliveira Da Silva, M H Oliver, J Onderwaater, C Oppedisano, R Orava, M Oravec, A Ortiz Velasquez, A Oskarsson, J Otwinowski, K Oyama, Y Pachmayer, V Pacik, D Pagano, P Pagano, G Paić, P Palni, J Pan, A K Pandey, S Panebianco, V Papikyan, G S Pappalardo, P Pareek, J Park, S Parmar, A Passfeld, S P Pathak, V Paticchio, R N Patra, B Paul, H Pei, T Peitzmann, X Peng, L G Pereira, H Pereira Da Costa, D Peresunko, E Perez Lezama, V Peskov, Y Pestov, V Petráček, V Petrov, M Petrovici, C Petta, R P Pezzi, S Piano, M Pikna, P Pillot, L O D L Pimentel, O Pinazza, L Pinsky, D B Piyarathna, M Płoskoń, M Planinic, F Pliquett, J Pluta, S Pochybova, P L M Podesta-Lerma, M G Poghosyan, B Polichtchouk, N Poljak, W Poonsawat, A Pop, H Poppenborg, S Porteboeuf-Houssais, J Porter, V Pozdniakov, S K Prasad, R Preghenella, F Prino, C A Pruneau, I Pshenichnov, M Puccio, G Puddu, P Pujahari, V Punin, J Putschke, A Rachevski, S Raha, S Rajput, J Rak, A Rakotozafindrabe, L Ramello, F Rami, D B Rana, R Raniwala, S Raniwala, S S Räsänen, B T Rascanu, D Rathee, V Ratza, I Ravasenga, K F Read, K Redlich, A Rehman, P Reichelt, F Reidt, X Ren, R Renfordt, A R Reolon, A Reshetin, K Reygers, V Riabov, R A Ricci, T Richert, M Richter, P Riedler, W Riegler, F Riggi, C Ristea, M Rodríguez Cahuantzi, K Røed, E Rogochaya, D Rohr, D Röhrich, P S Rokita, F Ronchetti, E D Rosas, P Rosnet, A Rossi, A Rotondi, F Roukoutakis, A Roy, C Roy, P Roy, A J Rubio Montero, O V Rueda, R Rui, B Rumyantsev, A Rustamov, E Ryabinkin, Y Ryabov, A Rybicki, S Saarinen, S Sadhu, S Sadovsky, K Šafařík, S K Saha, B Sahlmuller, B Sahoo, P Sahoo, R Sahoo, S Sahoo, P K Sahu, J Saini, S Sakai, M A Saleh, J Salzwedel, S Sambyal, V Samsonov, A Sandoval, D Sarkar, N Sarkar, P Sarma, M H P Sas, E Scapparone, F Scarlassara, R P Scharenberg, H S Scheid, C Schiaua, R Schicker, C Schmidt, H R Schmidt, M O Schmidt, M Schmidt, N V Schmidt, S Schuchmann, J Schukraft, Y Schutz, K Schwarz, K Schweda, G Scioli, E Scomparin, R Scott, M Šefčík, J E Seger, Y Sekiguchi, D Sekihata, I Selyuzhenkov, K Senosi, S Senyukov, E Serradilla, P Sett, A Sevcenco, A Shabanov, A Shabetai, R Shahoyan, W Shaikh, A Shangaraev, A Sharma, A Sharma, M Sharma, M Sharma, N Sharma, A I Sheikh, K Shigaki, Q Shou, K Shtejer, Y Sibiriak, S Siddhanta, K M Sielewicz, T Siemiarczuk, D Silvermyr, C Silvestre, G Simatovic, G Simonetti, R Singaraju, R Singh, V Singhal, T Sinha, B Sitar, M Sitta, T B Skaali, M Slupecki, N Smirnov, R J M Snellings, T W Snellman, J Song, M Song, F Soramel, S Sorensen, F Sozzi, E Spiriti, I Sputowska, B K Srivastava, J Stachel, I Stan, P Stankus, E Stenlund, D Stocco, M M Storetvedt, P Strmen, A A P Suaide, T Sugitate, C Suire, M Suleymanov, M Suljic, R Sultanov, M Šumbera, S Sumowidagdo, K Suzuki, S Swain, A Szabo, I Szarka, U Tabassam, J Takahashi, G J Tambave, N Tanaka, M Tarhini, M Tariq, M G Tarzila, A Tauro, G Tejeda Muñoz, A Telesca, K Terasaki, C Terrevoli, B Teyssier, D Thakur, S Thakur, D Thomas, F Thoresen, R Tieulent, A Tikhonov, A R Timmins, A Toia, S Tripathy, S Trogolo, G Trombetta, L Tropp, V Trubnikov, W H Trzaska, B A Trzeciak, T Tsuji, A Tumkin, R Turrisi, T S Tveter, K Ullaland, E N Umaka, A Uras, G L Usai, A Utrobicic, M Vala, J Van Der Maarel, J W Van Hoorne, M van Leeuwen, T Vanat, P Vande Vyvre, D Varga, A Vargas, M Vargyas, R Varma, M Vasileiou, A Vasiliev, A Vauthier, O Vázquez Doce, V Vechernin, A M Veen, A Velure, E Vercellin, S Vergara Limón, R Vernet, R Vértesi, L Vickovic, S Vigolo, J Viinikainen, Z Vilakazi, O Villalobos Baillie, A Villatoro Tello, A Vinogradov, L Vinogradov, T Virgili, V Vislavicius, A Vodopyanov, M A Völkl, K Voloshin, S A Voloshin, G Volpe, B von Haller, I Vorobyev, D Voscek, D Vranic, J Vrláková, B Wagner, H Wang, M Wang, D Watanabe, Y Watanabe, M Weber, S G Weber, D F Weiser, S C Wenzel, J P Wessels, U Westerhoff, A M Whitehead, J Wiechula, J Wikne, G Wilk, J Wilkinson, G A Willems, M C S Williams, E Willsher, B Windelband, W E Witt, S Yalcin, K Yamakawa, P Yang, S Yano, Z Yin, H Yokoyama, I-K Yoo, J H Yoon, V Yurchenko, V Zaccolo, A Zaman, C Zampolli, H J C Zanoli, N Zardoshti, A Zarochentsev, P Závada, N Zaviyalov, H Zbroszczyk, M Zhalov, H Zhang, X Zhang, Y Zhang, C Zhang, Z Zhang, C Zhao, N Zhigareva, D Zhou, Y Zhou, Z Zhou, H Zhu, J Zhu, X Zhu, A Zichichi, A Zimmermann, M B Zimmermann, G Zinovjev, J Zmeskal, S Zou
The azimuthal anisotropy coefficient v_{2} of prompt D^{0}, D^{+}, D^{*+}, and D_{s}^{+} mesons was measured in midcentral (30%-50% centrality class) Pb-Pb collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair sqrt[s_{NN}]=5.02  TeV, with the ALICE detector at the LHC. The D mesons were reconstructed via their hadronic decays at midrapidity, |y|<0.8, in the transverse momentum interval 1<p_{T}<24  GeV/c. The measured D-meson v_{2} has similar values as that of charged pions. The D_{s}^{+} v_{2}, measured for the first time, is found to be compatible with that of nonstrange D mesons...
March 9, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569203/mancozeb-exposure-results-in-manganese-accumulation-and-nrf2-related-antioxidant-responses-in-the-brain-of-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio
#10
Dennis Guilherme Costa-Silva, Andressa Rubim Lopes, Illana Kemmerich Martins, Luana Paganotto Leandro, Mauro Eugênio Medina Nunes, Nelson Rodrigues de Carvalho, Nathane Rosa Rodrigues, Giulianna Echeveria Macedo, Ana Paula Saidelles, Cassiana Aguiar, Morgana Doneda, Erico Marlon Moraes Flores, Thais Posser, Jeferson Luis Franco
Manganese (Mn)-containing dithiocarbamates such as Mancozeb (MZ) have been shown to induce oxidative stress-related toxicity in rodents and humans. However, little is known about the neurotoxic effects induced by MZ in fish. In this study, carp (Cyprinus carpio) were exposed to non-lethal waterborne concentrations of MZ, and oxidative stress parameters as well as metal accumulation in fish brains were evaluated. The experimental groups were as follows: control, MZ 5 mg/L, and MZ 10 mg/L. Fish were exposed for 7 days, and then brain was removed and prepared for subsequent analysis of antioxidant enzymes, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and expression of Nrf2 and phosphoNrf2...
March 22, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565308/total-and-added-sugar-intake-assessment-in-eight-latin-american-countries
#11
Mauro Fisberg, Irina Kovalskys, Georgina Gómez, Attilio Rigotti, Lilia Yadira Cortés Sanabria, Martha Cecilia Yépez García, Rossina Gabriella Pareja Torres, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Ioná Zalcman Zimberg, Berthold Koletzko, Michael Pratt, Luis A Moreno Aznar, Viviana Guajardo, Regina Mara Fisberg, Cristiane Hermes Sales, Ágatha Nogueira Previdelli
Non-communicable diseases are growing at an alarming rate in Latin America. We assessed total and added sugar intake in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, to verify the adequacy of the World Health Organization's recommendations, considering gender, socioeconomic level (SEL) and age. A total of 9218 non-institutionalized individuals living in urban areas (age range 15-65 years) were assessed in the Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health (ELANS), a multicenter household population-based cross-sectional survey...
March 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551388/oxidative-effects-of-the-acute-exposure-to-a-pesticide-mixture-of-cypermethrin-and-chlorpyrifos-on-carp-and-zebrafish-a-comparative-study
#12
Mauro E M Nunes, Talise E Müller, Camila Murussi, Aline M B do Amaral, Jeane L C Gomes, Aline T Marins, Jossiele Leitemperger, Cintia C R Rodrigues, Tiago L Fiuza, Maiara D Costa, Eduardo S Severo, Denis B Rosemberg, Vania L Loro
The use of commercial pesticides combinations increases the risk of intoxication in non-target aquatic organisms. Here, we investigate the potential of a commercial pesticide formulation containing (CYP) plus chlorpyrifos (CPF) to induce oxidative damage on two fish species (common carp and zebrafish). Carp and zebrafish were exposed for 96 h under laboratory conditions. Fish were divided in three different groups: CTL, 0.3 μg L-1 or 0.6 μg L-1 of CYP and 0.5 or 1 μg L-1 of CPF in commercial formulation...
April 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545992/outcomes-and-risk-factors-for-polymicrobial-posttraumatic-osteomyelitis
#13
Luciana Souza Jorge, Patrícia Silva Fucuta, Maria Gabriele L Oliveira, Marcelo Arruda Nakazone, Juliana Arruda de Matos, Alceu Gomes Chueire, Mauro José Costa Salles
Background: We hypothesized that polymicrobial posttraumatic osteomyelitis (PTO) may be associated with worse outcomes when compared to monomicrobial PTO. We therefore attempted to show the outcomes and predisposing factors associated with polymicrobial PTO. Methods: A single-center case-control study was carried out from 2007 to 2012. The outcome variables analyzed were: the need for additional surgical and antibiotic treatments, rates of amputation, and mortality associated with the infection. Univariate and multivariable analyses using multiple logistic regression were performed to identify risk factors associated with polymicrobial PTO, and p < 0...
2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545783/zooplankton-from-a-reef-system-under-the-influence-of-the-amazon-river-plume
#14
Sigrid Neumann-Leitão, Pedro A M C Melo, Ralf Schwamborn, Xiomara F G Diaz, Lucas G P Figueiredo, Andrea P Silva, Renata P S Campelo, Mauro de Melo Júnior, Nuno F A C Melo, Alejandro E S F Costa, Moacyr Araújo, Dóris R A Veleda, Rodrigo L Moura, Fabiano Thompson
At the mouth of the Amazon River, a widespread carbonate ecosystem exists below the river plume, generating a hard-bottom reef (∼9500 km2 ) that includes mainly large sponges but also rhodolith beds. The mesozooplankton associated with the pelagic realm over the reef formation was characterized, considering the estuarine plume and oceanic influence. Vertical hauls were carried out using a standard plankton net with 200 μm mesh size during September 2014. An indicator index was applied to express species importance as ecological indicators in community...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540327/carvedilol-for-prevention-of-chemotherapy-related-cardiotoxicity-the-ceccy-trial
#15
Mônica Samuel Avila, Silvia Moreira Ayub-Ferreira, Mauro Rogerio de Barros Wanderley, Fatima das Dores Cruz, Sara Michelly Gonçalves Brandão, Vagner Oliveira Carvalho Rigaud, Marília Harumi Higuchi-Dos-Santos, Ludhmila Abrahão Hajjar, Roberto Kalil Filho, Paulo Marcelo Hoff, Marina Sahade, Marcela S M Ferrari, Romulo Leopoldo de Paula Costa, Max Senna Mano, Cecilia Beatriz Bittencourt Viana Cruz, Maria Cristina Abduch, Marco Stephan Lofrano Alves, Guilherme Veiga Guimaraes, Victor Sarli Issa, Marcio Sommer Bittencourt, Edimar Alcides Bocchi
BACKGROUND: Anthracycline (ANT) chemotherapy is associated with cardiotoxicity. Prevention with β-blockers remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: This prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study sought to evaluate the role of carvedilol in preventing ANT cardiotoxicity. METHODS: The authors randomized 200 patients with HER2-negative breast cancer tumor status and normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) referred for ANT (240 mg/m2 ) to receive carvedilol or placebo until chemotherapy completion...
May 22, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502069/galectin-3-role-in-ocular-allergy-and-potential-as-a-predictive-biomarker
#16
Frans Eberth Costa Andrade, Mab Pereira Corrêa, Alexandre Dantas Gimenes, Myrna Serapião Dos Santos, Mauro Campos, Roger Chammas, José Álvaro Pereira Gomes, Cristiane Damas Gil
AIMS: To evaluate galectin-3 (Gal-3), a β-galactoside binding protein, as a possible biomarker in ocular allergy and further investigated the role of endogenous Gal-3 in a murine model of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic conjunctivitis (AC). METHODS: Conjunctival impression cytology specimens from control and patients with severe vernal keratoconjunctivitis, treated or untreated, were used to evaluate Gal-3 expression by immunocytochemistry. To investigate the mechanism of action of Gal-3, OVA-immunised BALB/c male wild-type (WT) and Gal-3 null (Gal-3-/- ) mice were challenged with eye drops containing OVA on days 14-16 with a subset of animals pretreated with 0...
March 3, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439091/evaluation-of-galectin-1-and-galectin-3-as-prospective-biomarkers-in-keratoconus
#17
Frans Eberth Costa Andrade, Joyce Luciana Covre, Lisandra Ramos, Rossen Mihaylov Hazarbassanov, Myrna Serapião Dos Santos, Mauro Campos, José Álvaro Pereira Gomes, Cristiane Damas Gil
AIMS: To evaluate the expression of β-galactoside-binding proteins galectin (Gal)-1 and Gal-3 in patients with keratoconus (KC) and postcorneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) treatment in vitro. METHODS: Tear fluid, cornea samples and conjunctival impression cytology specimens from control and KC patients were used to evaluate Gal-1 and Gal-3 expressions. Primary keratocytes were isolated by collagenase digestion from surgically removed corneas of five normal or KC human corneal buttons and cultured in Dulbecco's modified eagle medium/Ham's F12 medium supplemented with 2% fetal bovine serum...
May 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399824/atlantic-mammal-traits-a-data-set-of-morphological-traits-of-mammals-in-the-atlantic-forest-of-south-america
#18
Fernando Gonçalves, Ricardo S Bovendorp, Gabrielle Beca, Carolina Bello, Raul Costa-Pereira, Renata L Muylaert, Raisa R Rodarte, Nacho Villar, Rafael Souza, Maurício E Graipel, Jorge J Cherem, Deborah Faria, Julio Baumgarten, Martín R Alvarez, Emerson M Vieira, Nilton Cáceres, Renata Pardini, Yuri L R Leite, Leonora P Costa, Marco A R Mello, Erich Fischer, Fernando C Passos, Luiz H Varzinczak, Jayme A Prevedello, Ariovaldo P Cruz-Neto, Fernando Carvalho, Alexandre R Percequillo, Agustin Paviolo, Alessandra Nava, José M B Duarte, Noé U de la Sancha, Enrico Bernard, Ronaldo G Morato, Juliana F Ribeiro, Rafael G Becker, Gabriela Paise, Paulo S Tomasi, Felipe Vélez-Garcia, Geruza L Melo, Jonas Sponchiado, Felipe Cerezer, Marília A S Barros, Albérico Q S de Souza, Cinthya C Dos Santos, Gastón A F Giné, Patricia Kerches-Rogeri, Marcelo M Weber, Guilherme Ambar, Lucía V Cabrera-Martinez, Alan Eriksson, Maurício Silveira, Carolina F Santos, Lucas Alves, Eder Barbier, Gabriela C Rezende, Guilherme S T Garbino, Élson O Rios, Adna Silva, Alexandre Túlio A Nascimento, Rodrigo S de Carvalho, Anderson Feijó, Juan Arrabal, Ilaria Agostini, Daniela Lamattina, Sebastian Costa, Ezequiel Vanderhoeven, Fabiano R de Melo, Plautino de Oliveira Laroque, Leandro Jerusalinsky, Mônica M Valença-Montenegro, Amely B Martins, Gabriela Ludwig, Renata B de Azevedo, Agustin Anzóategui, Marina X da Silva, Marcela Figuerêdo Duarte Moraes, Alexandre Vogliotti, Andressa Gatti, Thomas Püttker, Camila S Barros, Thais K Martins, Alexine Keuroghlian, Donald P Eaton, Carolina L Neves, Marcelo S Nardi, Caryne Braga, Pablo R Gonçalves, Ana Carolina Srbek-Araujo, Poliana Mendes, João A de Oliveira, Fábio A M Soares, Patrício A Rocha, Peter Crawshaw, Milton C Ribeiro, Mauro Galetti
Measures of traits are the basis of functional biological diversity. Numerous works consider mean species-level measures of traits while ignoring individual variance within species. However, there is a large amount of variation within species and it is increasingly apparent that it is important to consider trait variation not only between species, but also within species. Mammals are an interesting group for investigating trait-based approaches because they play diverse and important ecological functions (e...
February 2018: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371274/role-of-organisational-factors-on-the-weekend-effect-in-critically-ill-patients-in-brazil-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#19
Fernando G Zampieri, Thiago C Lisboa, Thiago D Correa, Fernando A Bozza, Marcus Ferez, Haggeas S Fernandes, André M Japiassú, Juan Carlos R Verdeal, Ana Cláudia P Carvalho, Marcos F Knibel, Bruno F Mazza, Fernando Colombari, José Mauro Vieira, William N Viana, Roberto Costa, Michele M Godoy, Marcelo O Maia, Eliana B Caser, Jorge I F Salluh, Marcio Soares
INTRODUCTION: Higher mortality for patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) during the weekends has been occasionally reported with conflicting results that could be related to organisational factors. We investigated the effects of ICU organisational and staffing patterns on the potential association between weekend admission and outcomes in critically ill patients. METHODS: We included 59 614 patients admitted to 78 ICUs participating during 2013. We defined 'weekend admission' as any ICU admission from Friday 19:00 until Monday 07:00...
January 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353169/integrated-biomarkers-response-confirm-the-antioxidant-role-of-diphenyl-diselenide-against-atrazine
#20
Aline Teixeira Marins, Cíntia Côrte Real Rodrigues, Charlene Cavalheiro de Menezes, Jeane de Lima Costa Gomes, Maiara Dorneles Costa, Mauro Eugênio Medina Nunes, Mariela de Souza Vieira, Filipe Fagan Donato, Renato Zanella, Leila Picolli da Silva, Vania Lucia Loro
Atrazine (ATZ) is a herbicide worldwide used. That can cause oxidative damage in non-target organisms, such as fish. Furthermore, the threat of exposure to pesticides together with poor nutrition is hazardous to the normal development of fish, and supplementation of the fish diet with antioxidants compounds is an alternative approach to prevent the hazardous effects of pesticide exposure. Here we aimed to investigate the capacity of diphenyl diselenide (PhSe)2 diet supplementation to improve the antioxidant defense of Cyprinus carpio (carp) exposed to environmental concentrations of ATZ...
April 30, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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