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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300995/health-care-of-people-in-homelessness-a-comparative-study-of-mobile-units-in-portugal-united-states-and-brazil
#1
Igor da Costa Borysow, Eleonor Minho Conill, Juarez Pereira Furtado
This paper describes and analyzes the legal and normative framework guiding the use of mobile units in Portugal, United States and Brazil, which seek to improve access and continuity of care for people in homelessness. We used a comparative analysis through literature and documentary review relating three categories: context (demographic, socio-economic and epidemiological), services system (access, coverage, organization, management and financing) and, specifically, mobile units (design, care and financing model)...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296523/the-brazilian-amazon-region-eye-survey-design-and-methods
#2
Solange R Salomão, João Marcello Furtado, Adriana Berezovsky, Nívea N Cavascan, Alberto N Ferraz, Jacob M Cohen, Sergio Muñoz, Rubens Belfort
PURPOSE: To describe the study design, operational strategies, procedures, and baseline characteristics of the Brazilian Amazon Region Eye Survey (BARES), a population-based survey of the prevalence and causes of distance and near visual impairment and blindness in older adults residing in the city of Parintins. METHODS: Cluster sampling, based on geographically defined census sectors, was used for cross-sectional random sampling of persons 45 years and older from urban and rural areas...
March 15, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289700/apolipoproteins-and-their-subspecies-in-human-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-plasma
#3
Manja Koch, Jeremy D Furtado, Kim Falk, Frank Leypoldt, Kenneth J Mukamal, Majken K Jensen
INTRODUCTION: Subspecies of apolipoproteins can be defined by fractionating apolipoproteins based on the presence and absence of coexisting apolipoproteins. METHODS: We determined age- and sex-adjusted correlations of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-measured plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) apolipoproteins (apoA-I, apoC-III, apoE, and apoJ) or apolipoprotein subspecies (apoA-I with and without apoC-III, ApoE, or apoJ; apoE with and without apoC-III or apoJ) in 22 dementia-free participants...
2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288926/development-of-new-microsatellites-for-the-hookworm-ancylostoma-caninum-and-analysis-of-genetic-diversity-in-brazilian-populations
#4
Élida Mara Leite Rabelo, Rodrigo Rodrigues Cambraia de Miranda, Luis Fernando Viana Furtado, Rodrigo Aparecido Fernandes Redondo, Jacob Adam Tennessen, Michael Scott Blouin
Considering the great efforts towards formulating a vaccine against hookworms, and the concerns about the spread of drug resistance through hookworm populations, it is justified to study the molecular diversity and population genetic structure of these nematodes. This work had the aim to develop microsatellite markers to investigate the genetic structure and the molecular diversity of Brazilian populations of Ancylostoma caninum. Seven microsatellites markers were successfully used to characterize five Brazilian populations...
March 10, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284417/chlorhexidine-mouthwash-as-an-adjunct-to-mechanical-therapy-in-chronic-periodontitis-a-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Luiz Fernando Noira Passos da Costa, Cristine da Silva Furtado Amaral, Davi da Silva Barbirato, Anna Thereza Thomé Leão, Mariana Fampa Fogacci
BACKGROUND: Through a systematic literature review, the authors evaluated the use of chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthwash as an adjunct to mechanical periodontal therapy for chronic periodontitis. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors performed a systematic search by using PubMed (MEDLINE), Scopus, Scientific Electronic Library Online, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. The authors selected randomized controlled clinical trials in which the investigators evaluated the probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) in test groups by using CHX as an adjuvant and in control groups and subject to mechanical periodontal therapy (scaling and root planing [SRP] 4-6 visits or 24 hours)...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278110/optimization-of-penicillium-aurantiogriseum-protease-immobilization-on-magnetic-nanoparticles-for-antioxidant-peptides-obtainment
#6
José Manoel Wanderley Duarte Neto, Jackeline da Costa Maciel, Júlia Furtado Campos, Luiz Bezerra de Carvalho Junior, Daniela Araújo Viana Marques, Carolina de Albuquerque Lima, Ana Lúcia Figueiredo Porto
This work reports an optimization of protease from Penicillium aurantiogriseum immobilization on polyaniline coated magnetic nanoparticles for antioxidant peptides obtainment derived from bovine casein. Immobilization process was optimized using a full two-level factorial design (2(4)) followed by a response surface methodology (RSM). Using the derivative, casein was hydrolyzed uncovering its peptides that were sequenced and had antioxidant properties tested via ABTS radical scavenging and Hydrogen peroxide scavenging assays...
February 10, 2017: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273859/pentacyclic-triterpene-bioavailability-an-overview-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#7
REVIEW
Niege A J C Furtado, Laetitia Pirson, Hélène Edelberg, Lisa M Miranda, Cristina Loira-Pastoriza, Véronique Preat, Yvan Larondelle, Christelle M André
Pentacyclic triterpenes are naturally found in a great variety of fruits, vegetables and medicinal plants and are therefore part of the human diet. The beneficial health effects of edible and medicinal plants have partly been associated with their triterpene content, but the in vivo efficacy in humans depends on many factors, including absorption and metabolism. This review presents an overview of in vitro and in vivo studies that were carried out to determine the bioavailability of pentacyclic triterpenes and highlights the efforts that have been performed to improve the dissolution properties and absorption of these compounds...
March 4, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269532/support-and-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-pulmonary-expansion-deficit-by-using-game-therapy
#8
P F S Chacon, C F Schon, V H L A Furtado, G L A M Signoretti, J P P Oliveira, A G Ribeiro, C D V Wanderley, A A R Diniz, H B Soares
Patients suffering from hypoventilation and pulmonary expansion deficit are at increased risk of developing pulmonary complications such as atelectasis, pneumonia or pleural effusion. These complications can increase the length of stay and spending on health, and generate long-term functional impairment. This study aims to produce a therapeutic alternative to the traditional method of lung re-expansion through incentive spirometry (IS) using the game therapy to build an innovative system. This system makes use of infrared and Bluetooth communication technology to associate the game therapy to EI...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269124/low-resolution-tool-tracking-for-microsurgical-training-in-a-simulated-environment
#9
Antonio Carlos Furtado, Irene Cheng, Eric Fung, Bin Zheng, Anup Basu
In this work, we propose a method that detects and tracks the tip of tools used in microsurgical training. This method can be used to provide valuable metrics regarding the surgeon's hand movement. It can benefit the training of surgeons, given the steep learning curve in microsurgery. Unlike past research, our tool tracking algorithm does not rely on color based measurements. Thus, it can be used in a broader domain. Also, our approach is robust to surrounding environments with non-static background, where background subtraction techniques are not suitable...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254577/intolerance-of-uncertainty-social-anxiety-and-generalized-anxiety-differences-by-diagnosis-and-symptoms
#10
Alyssa Counsell, Melissa Furtado, Christina Iorio, Leena Anand, Alexandra Canzonieri, Alexa Fine, Kathryn Fotinos, Irvin Epstein, Martin A Katzman
Research suggests that Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) is related to the severity of suffering in Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). However, its role in Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) has not been extensively studied. This study examines IU in a clinical sample of 248 individuals referred to a tertiary care clinic. Few individuals had a diagnosis of pure SAD or pure GAD, but we examined differences of IU scores by diagnostic category. We further examined the relationships between IU scores, social anxiety scores, and worry through a structural equation model...
February 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227787/support-and-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-pulmonary-expansion-deficit-by-using-game-therapy
#11
P F S Chacon, C F Schon, V H L A Furtado, G L A M Signoretti, J P P Oliveira, A G Ribeiro, C D V Wanderley, A A R Diniz, H B Soares, P F S Chacon, C F Schon, V H L A Furtado, G L A M Signoretti, J P P Oliveira, A G Ribeiro, C D V Wanderley, A A R Diniz, H B Soares, H B Soares, P F S Chacon, C F Schon, V H L A Furtado, G L A M Signoretti, A G Ribeiro, C D V Wanderley, J P P Oliveira, A A R Diniz
Patients suffering from hypoventilation and pulmonary expansion deficit are at increased risk of developing pulmonary complications such as atelectasis, pneumonia or pleural effusion. These complications can increase the length of stay and spending on health, and generate long-term functional impairment. This study aims to produce a therapeutic alternative to the traditional method of lung re-expansion through incentive spirometry (IS) using the game therapy to build an innovative system. This system makes use of infrared and Bluetooth communication technology to associate the game therapy to EI...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227353/low-resolution-tool-tracking-for-microsurgical-training-in-a-simulated-environment
#12
Antonio Carlos Furtado, Irene Cheng, Eric Fung, Bin Zheng, Anup Basu, Antonio Carlos Furtado, Irene Cheng, Eric Fung, Bin Zheng, Anup Basu, Anup Basu, Eric Fung, Antonio Carlos Furtado, Irene Cheng, Bin Zheng
In this work, we propose a method that detects and tracks the tip of tools used in microsurgical training. This method can be used to provide valuable metrics regarding the surgeon's hand movement. It can benefit the training of surgeons, given the steep learning curve in microsurgery. Unlike past research, our tool tracking algorithm does not rely on color based measurements. Thus, it can be used in a broader domain. Also, our approach is robust to surrounding environments with non-static background, where background subtraction techniques are not suitable...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218006/do-tmj-symptoms-improve-and-last-across-time-after-treatment-with-red-660-nm-and-infrared-790-nm-low-level-laser-treatment-lllt-a-survival-analysis
#13
Dhelfeson Willya Douglas De Oliveira, Frederico Santos Lages, Raphael Castro Guimarães, Túlio Silva Pereira, Adriana Maria Botelho, José Cristiano Ramos Glória, Karine Taís Aguiar Tavano, Patricia Furtado Gonçalves, Olga Dumont Flecha
OBJECTIVE: Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a variety of clinical problems that originate from the area of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), masticatory muscles, and surrounding tissues. There are different treatment options; however, there is no evidence that low level laser treatment (LLLT) will last about six months. The aim of this study was to determine the survival rate of treatment with red (660 nm) and infrared (790 nm) laser in cases of TMDs. METHODS: In 19 subjects, one side of the face (half face) was randomly selected to receive intervention, in a total of 116 sensitive points...
February 20, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207298/hepatozoon-spp-infects-free-ranging-jaguars-panthera-onca-in-brazil
#14
Mariana Malzoni Furtado, Betina Metzger, Anah Tereza Almeida Jácomo, Marcelo Bahia Labruna, Thiago Fernandes Martins, Lucia Helena O'Dwyer, Karinados Santos Paduan, Grasiela Edith Oliveira Porfírio, Leandro Silveira, Rahel Sollmann, Sueli Akemi Taniwaki, Natália Mundim Tôrres, JoséSoares Ferreira Neto
This study investigated the presence of Hepatozoon spp. in jaguars (Panthera onca) and domestic animals in the Cerrado, Amazon and Pantanal biomes of Brazil. Between February 2000 and January 2010, blood samples were collected from 30 jaguars, 129 domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) and 22 domestic cats (Felis catus) for molecular tests. All of the jaguars from the Pantanal (n=22) and Cerrado (n=4) and 3 of 4 jaguars from the Amazon were positive for Hepatozoon spp. Domestic dogs (62.8%) and cats (31.8%) were also positive for the agent...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196774/is-the-free-ranging-jaguar-panthera-onca-a-reservoir-for-cytauxzoon-felis-in-brazil
#15
Mariana Malzoni Furtado, Sueli Akemi Taniwaki, Betina Metzger, Karina Dos Santos Paduan, Helena Lucia O'Dwyer, Anah Tereza de Almeida Jácomo, Grasiela E O Porfírio, Leandro Silveira, Rahel Sollmann, Natália Mundim Tôrres, José Soares Ferreira Neto
This study investigated the occurrence of Cytauxzoon felis and Babesia spp. in free-ranging jaguars (Panthera onca), domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) and domestic cats (Felis catus) from the Cerrado, Amazon and Pantanal biomes of Brazil. Blood samples were collected from 30 jaguars, 129 dogs and 22 cats for detection of the 18S rRNA genes of piroplasmids. All of the jaguars from the Pantanal (n=22) and Cerrado (n=4) and three of four jaguars from the Amazon were positive for C. felis, but no dogs or cats were positive for the agent...
February 6, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196610/endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-for-nodal-staging-in-non-small-cell-lung-carcinoma
#16
D Coutinho, A Oliveira, S Campainha, S Neves, M Guerra, J Miranda, A Furtado, D Tente, A Sanches, J Almeida, J Moura E Sá
INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer staging has recently evolved to include endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) for nodal assessment. AIM: Evaluate the performance and safety of EBUS-TBNA as a key component of a staging algorithm for non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) and as a single investigation technique for diagnosis and staging of NSCLC. METHODS: Patients undergoing EBUS-TBNA for NSCLC staging at our institution between April 1, 2010 and December 31, 2014 were consecutively included with prospective data collection...
February 9, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182951/microbial-respiration-and-formate-oxidation-as-metabolic-signatures-of-inflammation-associated-dysbiosis
#17
Elizabeth R Hughes, Maria G Winter, Breck A Duerkop, Luisella Spiga, Tatiane Furtado de Carvalho, Wenhan Zhu, Caroline C Gillis, Lisa Büttner, Madeline P Smoot, Cassie L Behrendt, Sara Cherry, Renato L Santos, Lora V Hooper, Sebastian E Winter
Intestinal inflammation is frequently associated with an alteration of the gut microbiota, termed dysbiosis, which is characterized by a reduced abundance of obligate anaerobic bacteria and an expansion of facultative Proteobacteria such as commensal E. coli. The mechanisms enabling the outgrowth of Proteobacteria during inflammation are incompletely understood. Metagenomic sequencing revealed bacterial formate oxidation and aerobic respiration to be overrepresented metabolic pathways in a chemically induced murine model of colitis...
February 8, 2017: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158268/human-mobility-in-large-cities-as-a-proxy-for-crime
#18
Carlos Caminha, Vasco Furtado, Tarcisio H C Pequeno, Caio Ponte, Hygor P M Melo, Erneson A Oliveira, José S Andrade
We investigate at the subscale of the neighborhoods of a highly populated city the incidence of property crimes in terms of both the resident and the floating population. Our results show that a relevant allometric relation could only be observed between property crimes and floating population. More precisely, the evidence of a superlinear behavior indicates that a disproportional number of property crimes occurs in regions where an increased flow of people takes place in the city. For comparison, we also found that the number of crimes of peace disturbance only correlates well, and in a superlinear fashion too, with the resident population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143669/oxidation-of-monoterpenes-in-protium-heptaphyllum-oleoresins
#19
Rayane C Albino, Prissila C Oliveira, Francisco Prosdocimi, Osman F da Silva, Humberto R Bizzo, Paola E Gama, Cássia M Sakuragui, Carolina Furtado, Danilo R de Oliveira
Protium heptaphyllum (Burseraceae) oleoresins are rich in volatile monoterpenes, exhibiting a chemical composition that can be strongly altered with time. The present work aimed to discuss the temporal change of the volatile composition of these oleoresins, and search for related supporting evidence. Samples of P. heptaphyllum oleoresin were collected separately for fresh (n = 10) and aged (n = 8) oleoresins, with the essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS. Fresh oleoresins were characterized by a high content of terpinolene (28...
April 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141656/outcomes-in-surgical-treatment-of-mucocele-in-frontal-sinus
#20
Priscila Luiza Dos Santos, Letícia Liana Chihara, Luis Fernando Azambuja Alcalde, Bárbara Furtado Masalskas, Eduardo Sant'Ana, Paulo Esteves Pinto Faria
The aim of the study was to correlate several studies dating from 1997 to 2015 to identify the most effective treatments for mucocele in the frontal sinus (with/without other paranasal sinuses), considering successful outcomes and recurrence. We aimed to conduct a literature review for articles published between 1997 and 2015. For this, we accessed articles in the SciELO database, as well as LILACS, PubMed, and Google Scholar databases. Were identified 32 work-related injuries in the paranasal sinuses; 2 of these were not related to mucoceles or mucopyocele, 4 had no relation to the frontal sinus, 9 were related to the frontal sinus and other paranasal sinuses, 4 were related to mucocele associated with other sinuses, and 13 involved only the frontal sinus...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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