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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149881/how-effective-are-interventions-to-improve-social-outcomes-among-offenders-with-personality-disorder-a-systematic-review
#1
Catriona Connell, Vivek Furtado, Elizabeth A McKay, Swaran P Singh
BACKGROUND: Offenders with personality disorder are supported by health, criminal justice, social care and third sector services. These services are tasked with reducing risk, improving health and improving social outcomes. Research has been conducted into interventions that reduce risk or improve health. However, interventions to improve social outcomes are less clearly defined. METHODS: To review the effectiveness of interventions to improve social outcomes we conducted a systematic review using Cochrane methodology, expanded to include non-randomised trials...
November 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148829/volumetric-absorptive-microsampling-combined-with-impact-assisted-extraction-for-hematocrit-effect-free-assays
#2
Nikolay Youhnovski, Laurence Mayrand-Provencher, Eugénie-Raphaëlle Bérubé, Jeff Plomley, Hélène Montpetit, Milton Furtado, Anahita Keyhani
AIM: Volumetric absorptive microsampling (VAMS) is a recent technology available for sampling and analyzing low blood volume. The present work describes the utilization of VAMS for the quantitation of naproxen and ritonavir in human blood using a novel bead-based impact-assisted extraction (IAE) procedure. RESULTS: Sampling volume accuracy of the VAMS device was independent of the blood hematocrit (HCT) level, however analyte recovery decreased with increasing HCT when extracted using ultrasonication...
November 17, 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137120/aspidosperma-pyrifolium-has-anti-inflammatory-properties-an-experimental-study-in-mice-with-peritonitis-induced-by-tityus-serrulatus-venom-or-carrageenan
#3
Maíra Conceição Jerônimo de Souza Lima, Mariana Angélica Oliveira Bitencourt, Allanny Alves Furtado, Manoela Torres-Rêgo, Emerson Michell da Silva Siqueira, Ruth Medeiros Oliveira, Hugo Alexandre Oliveira Rocha, Keyla Borges Ferreira Rocha, Arnóbio Antônio da Silva-Júnior, Silvana Maria Zucolotto, Matheus de Freitas Fernandes-Pedrosa
Scorpions of the genus Tityus are responsible for the majority of envenomation in Brazil, the Tityus serrulatus species being the most common and dangerous in South America. In this approach, we have investigated the ability of the aqueous extract from the leaves of Aspidosperma pyrifolium in reducing carrageenan-induced inflammation and the inflammation induced by T. serrulatus envenomation in mice. We also evaluated the cytotoxic effects of this extract, using the 3-(4,5-dimethythiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium (MTT) assay and the results revealed that the extract is safe...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133062/anatomical-and-physiological-basis-of-continuous-spike-wave-of-sleep-syndrome-after-early-thalamic-lesions
#4
Alberto Leal, Eulália Calado, José P Vieira, Carla Mendonça, José C Ferreira, Hugo Ferreira, Daniel Carvalho, Fátima Furtado, Roseli Gomes, José P Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: Early neonatal thalamic lesions account for about 14% of continuous spike-wave of sleep (CSWS) syndrome, representing the most common etiology in this epileptic encephalopathy in children, and promise useful insights into the pathophysiology of the disease. METHODS: We describe nine patients with unilateral neonatal thalamic lesions which progressed to CSWS. Longitudinal whole-night and high-density electroencephalograms (EEGs) were performed, as well as detailed imaging and clinical evaluation...
November 10, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132381/patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-in-clinical-remission-with-positive-power-doppler-signal-in-joint-ultrasonography-have-an-increased-rate-of-clinical-flare-a-prospective-study
#5
Vanessa Bugni Miotto E Silva, Sônia de Aguiar Vilela Mitraud, Rita Nely Vilar Furtado, Jamil Natour, Claudio Arnaldo Len, Maria Teresa de Sande E Lemos Ramos Ascensão Terreri
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography (US) studies carried out on joints of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients in clinical remission demonstrate the presence of subclinical synovitis. The significance of subclinical synovitis and the positive power Doppler (PD) signal on US in JIA in clinical remission is not well understood. The objectives of this study were to assess whether the changes detected by US in patients with JIA in clinical remission can predict disease flare and to evaluate factors associated with flare and joint damage over 30 months of follow-up...
November 13, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109169/environmental-triazole-induces-cross-resistance-to-clinical-drugs-and-affects-morphophysiology-and-virulence-of-cryptococcus-gattii-and-c-neoformans
#6
Rafael Wesley Bastos, Hellem Cristina Silva Carneiro, Lorena Vívien Neves de Oliveira, Karen Maia Rocha, Gustavo José Cota Freitas, Marliete Carvalho Costa, Thaís Furtado Ferreira Magalhães, Vanessa Silva Dutra de Carvalho, Cláudia Emanuela Rocha, Gabriella Freitas Ferreira, Tatiane Alves de Paixão, Frédérique Moyrand, Guilhem Janbon, Daniel Assis Santos
Cryptococcus gattii and Cryptococcus neoformans are environmental fungi that cause cryptococcosis, which is usually treated with amphotericin B and fluconazole. However, therapeutic failure is increasing because of the emergence of resistant strains. Because these species are constantly isolated from vegetal materials and the usage of agrochemicals is growing, we postulate pesticides could be responsible for the altered susceptibility of these fungi to clinical drugs. Therefore, we evaluated the influence of the pesticide tebuconazole on the susceptibility to clinical drugs, morphophysiology, and virulence of C...
November 6, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091121/choledocystus-elegans-digenea-plagiorchiidae-of-leptodactylus-paraensis-amphibia-leptodactylidae-from-the-brazilian-amazon
#7
Tássia Fernanda Furo Gomes, Francisco Tiago de Vasconcelos Melo, Elane Guerreiro Giese, Adriano Penha Furtado, Jeannie Nascimento Dos Santos
The trematodes are parasites of the several vertebrates including amphibians, however the knowledge about of the taxonomy these parasites is still confuse. The trematode Choledocystus elegans was found in the small intestine of the Leptodactylus paraensis in eastern Amazon and presents the following characteristics: several pointed tegumentary spines, papillae on the outer and inner edges of the oral and ventral suckers, a round, well-developed cirrus sac, a well-developed cirrus, oblique testicles, a ovary right side, uterine loops extending between the testicles, follicular vitellaria distributed throughout the body, starting at the genital pore region and caeca close the end of the body...
October 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079493/is-adenosine-associated-with-sudden-death-in-schizophrenia-a-new-framework-linking-the-adenosine-pathway-to-risk-of-sudden-death
#8
REVIEW
Ary Gadelha, André Zugman, Mariana Bendlin Calzavara, Remo Holanda de Mendonça Furtado, Fulvio Alexandre Scorza, Rodrigo Afonsecca Bressan
Schizophrenia is associated with an increased mortality from cardiovascular disease. Relatively few studies have assessed the putative association of schizophrenia pathophysiology with sudden death. Low adenosine levels have been associated with schizophrenia. In cardiology, increased mortality among patients with congestive heart failure has been associated with genetic polymorphisms that potentially lead to lower adenosine levels. Thus, we hypothesize that adenosine could link schizophrenia and cardiovascular mortality, with decreased adenosine levels leading to increased vulnerability to hyperexcitability following hypoxic insults, increasing the odds of fatal arrhythmias...
October 24, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078109/monitoring-oral-health-of-people-in-early-intervention-for-psychosis-eip-teams-the-extended-three-shires-randomised-trial
#9
Clive E Adams, Nicola Clark Wells, Andrew Clifton, Hannah Jones, Jayne Simpson, Graeme Tosh, Patrick Callaghan, Peter Liddle, Boliang Guo, Vivek Furtado, Mariam A Khokhar, Vishal R Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: The British Society for Disability and Oral Health guidelines made recommendations for oral health care for people with mental health problems, including providing oral health advice, support, promotion and education. The effectiveness of interventions based on these guidelines on oral health-related outcomes in mental health service users is untested. OBJECTIVE: To acquire basic data on the oral health of people with or at risk of serious mental illness...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066655/acute-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-and-severe-non-immune-haemolytic-anaemia-a-rare-relationship
#10
Inês Furtado, Diana Valadares, Filipe Gaio Nery
The clinical presentation of acute hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is usually related to the onset of liver failure and damage. Anaemia may occur, but it is only rarely attributed to haemolysis. The authors report about the case of a 41-year-old woman with the diagnosis of acute HBV infection and coagulopathy (without encephalopathy) who developed non-immune haemolytic anaemia. Total recovery of the analytical liver profile, coagulopathy and anaemia was achieved through treatment targeting HBV.This case shows that, although rare, non-immune haemolytic anaemia may occur in association with acute HBV infection and that HBV suppression seems to lead to progressive anaemia resolution...
October 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062575/novel-combined-training-approach-improves-sleep-quality-but-does-not-change-body-composition-in-healthy-elderly-women-a-preliminary-study
#11
Thiago Matheus da Silva Sousa, Bruno Rodrigues, Marco Carlos Uchida, Olivia de Moraes Ruberti, Paulo Adriano Schwingel, Tânia Maria Gaspar Novais, Paula de Lourdes Lauande Oliveira, Fabiano de Jesus Furtado Almeida, Janaína Oliveira Bentivi Pulcherio, Bruno Bavaresco Gambassi
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a novel combined training protocol on sleep quality and body composition of healthy elderly women. The study sample consisted of 8 sedentary elderly individuals with mean (±SD) of 67 (±8) years of age, 96.0 (±7.8) mg/dL fasting blood glucose, 94.4 (±36.1) mg/dL triglycerides, 179.1 (±22.4) mg/dL total cholesterol, 57.2 (±15.7) mg/dL high-density lipoprotein (HDL), 103.1 (±25.2) mg/dL low-density lipoprotein (LDL), 125.3 (±8.4) mmHg systolic blood pressure, and 72...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055694/dna-barcoding-of-metacestodes-found-in-the-guerlinguetus-ingrami-rodentia-sciuridae-reveals-the-occurrence-of-hydatigera-taeniaeformis-sensu-stricto-cyclophyllidea-taeniidae-in-the-americas
#12
Érica Munhoz de Mello, Luis Fernando Viana Furtado, Élida Mara Rabelo, Hudson Alves Pinto
The existence of cryptic species in the genus Hydatigera, cyclophillid cestodes, mainly of felids, was recently described based on molecular studies of parasites from Asia, Europe and Africa. However, the occurrence of H. taeniaeformis sensu stricto (s.s.), the species more widely distributed and with a presumed specificity for murid rodents as intermediate hosts, has not been formally described in Americas. In the present study, during necropsy of an Ingram's squirrel specimen, Guerlinguetus ingrami, found dead in the municipality of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais state, Brazil, strobilocerci were found in the liver...
October 18, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050507/effectiveness-of-an-overall-progressive-resistance-strength-program-for-improving-the-functional-capacity-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Felipe Martinelli Lourenzi, Anamaria Jones, Daniele Freitas Pereira, João Henrique Costa Alves Dos Santos, Rita Nely Vilar Furtado, Jamil Natour
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of overall progressive resistance training in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial with blinded assessor and intention-to-treat analysis. SETTING: Outpatient clinics. SUBJECTS: Sixty patients with rheumatoid arthritis according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria, aged between 18 and 65 years old, under stable medication and not performing regular physical activity were randomized into two groups: intervention group (IG) and control group (CG)...
November 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048540/long-read-sequencing-of-the-coffee-bean-transcriptome-reveals-the-diversity-of-full-length-transcripts
#14
Bing Cheng, Agnelo Furtado, Robert J Henry
Background: Polyploidization contributes to the complexity of gene expression resulting in numerous related but different transcripts. This study explored the transcriptome diversity and complexity of tetraploid Arabica coffee ( Coffea arabica ) bean. Long-read sequencing (LRS) by Pacbio Isoform sequencing (Iso-seq) was used to obtain full-length transcripts without the difficulty and uncertainty of assembly required for reads from short read technologies. The tetraploid transcriptome was annotated and compared with data from the sub-genome progenitors...
August 30, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022284/correction-to-lipophilic-gold-i-complexes-with-1-3-4-oxadiazol-2-thione-or-1-3-thiazolidine-2-thione-moieties-synthesis-and-their-cytotoxic-and-antimicrobial-activities
#15
Angelina Maria de Almeida, Bruno Assis de Oliveira, Pedro Pôssa de Castro, Camille Carvalho de Mendonça, Ricardo Andrade Furtado, Heloiza Diniz Nicolella, Vânia Lúcia da Silva, Cláudio Galuppo Diniz, Denise Crispim Tavares, Heveline Silva, Mauro Vieira de Almeida
This article has been corrected. One of the author names was given incorrect. Please find in this erratum the correct author name: "Heloiza Diniz Nicolella" that should be regarded as final by the reader.
October 11, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022241/a-panel-of-protein-candidates-for-comprehensive-study-of-caprine-arthritis-encephalitis-cae-infection
#16
Rosivaldo Quirino Bezerra Júnior, Ângela Maria Xavier Eloy, João Ricardo Furtado, Raymundo Rizaldo Pinheiro, Alice Andrioli, Frederico Bruno Moreno, Marina Duarte Pinto Lobo, Ana Cristina O Monteiro-Moreira, Renato de Azevedo Moreira, Tatiana Maria Farias Pinto, Maria Fátima da Silva Teixeira
The caprine arthrite encephalite (CAE) is a disease that affects especially dairy goat. The virus shows compartmentalization features, that allows it to hide at certain times during the course of the disease, making it difficult to control. The present study was conducted to identify the major seminal plasma protein profile of goats infected by CAE and its associations with seroconversion using Western blotting. Two groups containing five males each, were used in this experiment. The first group was composed by seropositive animals and the control by seronegative confirmed by Western blotting and PCR...
October 12, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020946/the-transcriptome-of-the-developing-grain-a-resource-for-understanding-seed-development-and-the-molecular-control-of-the-functional-and-nutritional-properties-of-wheat
#17
Parimalan Rangan, Agnelo Furtado, Robert J Henry
BACKGROUND: Wheat is one of the three major cereals that have been domesticated to feed human populations. The composition of the wheat grain determines the functional properties of wheat including milling efficiency, bread making, and nutritional value. Transcriptome analysis of the developing wheat grain provides key insights into the molecular basis for grain development and quality. RESULTS: The transcriptome of 35 genotypes was analysed by RNA-Seq at two development stages (14 and 30 days-post-anthesis, dpa) corresponding to the mid stage of development (stage Z75) and the almost mature seed (stage Z85)...
October 11, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019528/children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-access-to-special-immunobiological-and-child-care
#18
Paula Carolina Bejo Wolkers, Marina Sayuri Yakuwa, Letícia Pancieri, Clesnan Mendes-Rodrigues, Maria Cândida de Carvalho Furtado, Débora Falleiros de Mello
OBJECTIVES: Identifying the use of child care situations, the vaccination situation and the reasons for non-vaccination, and characterizing whether mothers/guardians demonstrate notions about the right to special vaccines for children with type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. METHOD: A descriptive, cross-sectional study with analysis of quantitative data based on interviews with mothers/guardians, particularly regarding access to childcare and vaccination against influenza and pneumococcal 23-valent (PPSV)...
October 9, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987807/canine-susceptibility-to-visceral-leishmaniasis-a-systematic-review-upon-genetic-aspects-considering-breed-factors-and-immunological-concepts
#19
Tassia Cristina Bello de Vasconcelos, Marina Carvalho Furtado, Vínicus Silva Belo, Fernanda Nazaré Morgado, Fabiano Borges Figueiredo
Dogs have different susceptibility degrees to leishmaniasis; however, genetic research on this theme is scarce, manly on visceral form. The aims of this systematic review were to describe and discuss the existing scientific findings on genetic susceptibility to canine leishmaniasis, as well as to show the gaps of the existing knowledge. Twelve articles were selected, including breed immunological studies, genome wide associations or other gene polymorphism or gene sequencing studies, and transcription approaches...
October 5, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980916/cetuximab-has-an-inhibitory-effect-on-cell-motility-in-scc-4-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cell-line
#20
L M Furtado, I C Da Silveira, A C D M Carneiro, M M O N Zehuri, S S C M Carboni, B M Tavares-Murta, V O Crema
Cetuximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody that acts as a competitive antagonist, by binding to EGFR. This cell signalling pathways regulates tumor progression. The oral squamous cell carcinoma undergoes to regional spreading and distant metastasis. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of treatment with Cetuximab on cell migration and invasion in OSCC cells, by using the SCC-4 cell line. Cell migration and cell invasion assay were performed and actin cytoskeleton of control and treated with Cetuximab cells were evaluated...
September 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
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