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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747318/attention-and-memory-impairments-in-pediatric-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-comparison-to-healthy-controls
#1
Bartosz Piasecki, Maia Stanisławska-Kubiak, Wojciech Strzelecki, Ewa Mojs
The main aim of the study was to analyze and compare attention and memory performance in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and in healthy controls. 28 patients with CF, 30 patients with IBD and 30 healthy subjects took part in the study (all in age range of 7-17). All subjects were in intellectual norm. To analyze the functioning of attention, the d2 Test of Attention by Brickenkamp (d2 test) was applied. Memory performance was assessed using the Benton Visual Retention Test (BVRT) and the Trial of 10 words...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746525/subgroup-analysis-and-interaction-tests-why-they-are-important-and-how-to-avoid-common-mistakes
#2
Juliana Carvalho Ferreira, Cecilia Maria Patino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745194/mistakes-happen-but-we-can-change-our-response-to-them
#3
Caroline Shuldham
It's a heart-sinking feeling when you realise an error has been made, either by yourself or a colleague.
July 26, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740948/a-rare-case-of-spigelian-hernia-combined-with-direct-and-indirect-inguinal-hernias
#4
Murat Özgür Kılıç, Gürkan Değirmencioğlu, Cenap Dener
Spigelian hernia is a rare type of ventral hernias with nonspecific symptoms and signs. Therefore, its diagnosis is often difficult and requires more clinical attention. Although intermittent abdominal swelling and pain are the main symptoms, Spigelian hernias can be sometimes asymptomatic and are discovered incidentally at the operation. In some cases, these hernias can be associated with other abdominal wall hernias, therefore a detailed physical examination of the patients is necessary to avoid mistakes in diagnosis...
2017: Turk J Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740691/how-to-describe-univariate-data
#5
EDITORIAL
Stefania Canova, Diego Luigi Cortinovis, Federico Ambrogi
Univariate analysis has the purpose to describe a single variable distribution in one sample. It is the first important step of every clinical trial. In this short review, we focus on this analysis, the methods that authors should use to report this type of data, information that they should not miss and mistakes that they must avoid.
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739577/common-pitfalls-and-mistakes-in-the-set-up-analysis-and-interpretation-of-results-in-network-meta-analysis-what-clinicians-should-look-for-in-a-published-article
#6
Anna Chaimani, Georgia Salanti, Stefan Leucht, John R Geddes, Andrea Cipriani
OBJECTIVE: Several tools have been developed to evaluate the extent to which the findings from a network meta-analysis would be valid; however, applying these tools is a time-consuming task and often requires specific expertise. Clinicians have little time for critical appraisal, and they need to understand the key elements that help them select network meta-analyses that deserve further attention, optimising time and resources. This paper is aimed at providing a practical framework to assess the methodological robustness and reliability of results from network meta-analysis...
July 24, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737471/quality-control-by-trans-editing-factor-prevents-global-mistranslation-of-non-protein-amino-acid-%C3%AE-aminobutyrate
#7
Jo Marie Bacusmo, Alexandra B Kuzmishin, William A Cantara, Yuki Goto, Hiroaki Suga, Karin Musier-Forsyth
Accuracy in protein biosynthesis is maintained through multiple pathways, with a critical checkpoint occurring at the tRNA aminoacylation step catalyzed by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARSs). In addition to the editing functions inherent to some synthetases, single-domain trans-editing factors, which are structurally homologous to ARS editing domains, have evolved as alternative mechanisms to correct mistakes in aminoacyl-tRNA synthesis. To date, ARS-like trans-editing domains have been shown to act on specific tRNAs that are mischarged with genetically encoded amino acids...
July 24, 2017: RNA Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735580/high-protein-goat-s-milk-diet-identified-through-newborn-screening-clinical-warning-of-a-potentially-dangerous-dietetic-practice
#8
Evelina Maines, Giorgia Gugelmo, Elisa Tadiotto, Angelo Pietrobelli, Natascia Campostrini, Andrea Pasini, Florina Ion-Popa, Monica Vincenzi, Francesca Teofoli, Marta Camilot, Andrea Bordugo
OBJECTIVE: Breast-feeding is an unequalled way of providing optimal food for infants' healthy growth and development and the WHO recommends that infants should be exclusively breast-fed for the first 6 months of life. For mothers who are unable to breast-feed or who decide not to, infant formulas are the safest alternative. Despite recommendations, it is possible that parents make potentially harmful nutritional choices for their children because of cultural beliefs or misinformation on infant nutrition...
July 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734270/a-case-study-of-an-unknown-mass-grave-hostages-killed-70-years-ago-by-a-nazi-firing-squad-identified-thanks-to-genetics
#9
Andrzej Ossowski, Marta Diepenbroek, Marcin Zwolski, Adam Falis, Maria Wróbel, Milena Bykowska-Witowska, Grażyna Zielińska, Maria Szargut, Tomasz Kupiec
Almost 6 million people died in Poland during the Nazi occupation and about 570 thousand during the Soviet occupation. But the end of the war was not the end of the trauma. Historians estimate that at least 30 thousand people were killed during the Stalinist regime in Poland. In 2012 the Institute of National Remembrance started to search for hidden burials of victims of communism. Many exhumations were carried out under the project. One of them took place in Białystok, eastern Poland. According to information gathered by local historians, a detention centre in the heart of city was the place of secret burials of victims of the communist regime...
July 8, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734118/the-perniciousness-of-perfectionism-a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-perfectionism-suicide-relationship
#10
Martin M Smith, Simon B Sherry, Samantha Chen, Donald H Saklofske, Christopher Mushquash, Gordon L Flett, Paul L Hewitt
Over 50 years of research implicates perfectionism in suicide. Yet the role of perfectionism in suicide needs clarification due to notable between-study inconsistencies in findings, underpowered studies, and uncertainty whether perfectionism confers risk for suicide. OBJECTIVE: We addressed this by meta-analyzing perfectionism's relationship with suicide ideation and attempts. We also tested whether self-oriented, other-oriented, and socially prescribed perfectionism predicted increased suicide ideation, beyond baseline ideation...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732821/optimizing-inhalation-technique-using-web-based-videos-in-obstructive-lung-diseases
#11
Tobias Müller, Annegret Müller, Christian Hübel, Verena Knipel, Wolfram Windisch, Christian Gabriel Cornelissen, Michael Dreher
BACKGROUND: Inhaled agents are widely used in the treatment of chronic airway diseases. Correct technique is required to ensure appropriate drug deposition, but poor technique is common. This study investigated whether inhalation technique could be improved by patient training using short videos from the German Airway League. METHODS: Outpatients from a university hospital respiratory clinic who had incorrect inhalation technique were asked to demonstrate this again immediately after viewing the training videos, and after 4-8 weeks' follow-up...
August 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731163/-corrigendum-fuca1-is-induced-by-wild-type-p53-and-expressed-at-different-levels-in-thyroid-cancers-depending-on-p53-status
#12
Nobuo Tsuchida, Masa-Aki Ikeda, Yoshizumu Ishino, Michele Grieco, Giancarlo Vecchio
Subsequent to the publication of the above paper, the authors noted that there was an error on Fig. 4 of page 2046, in which the symbols of α-L-fucosidase 1 (FUCA1) and fucosyltransferase 8 (FUT8) had been mistakenly labelled the wrong way around (FUCA1 should have been represented by the blue bars, and FUT8 by the red). The corrected version of Fig. 4 is shown below, which now accurately shows how average levels of FUCA1 mRNA were low in the anaplastic thyroid cancer samples (ATCs), whereas expression levels in the papillary thyroid cancer samples (PTCs) were comparable, or slightly higher, than those present in normal thyroid tissues...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731097/dba-induced-caspase-3-dependent-apoptosis-occurs-through-mitochondrial-translocation-of-cyt-c-in-the-rat-hippocampus
#13
Wenbo Jiang, Yingying Chen, Bai Li, Shuying Gao
Dibromoacetic acid (DBA), a by-product of disinfection, develops in drinking water during chlorination or ozonation processes. Water intake is the main source of DBA exposure in humans, which is potentially neurotoxic. The present study investigated the neurotoxic effects of DBA by assessing the behavioral and biochemical characteristics of Sprague Dawley rats intragastrically treated with DBA at concentrations of 20, 50 and 125 mg kg(-1) body weight for 28 consecutive days. The results indicated that animal weight gain and food consumption were not significantly affected by DBA...
July 21, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726665/-about-the-role-of-digestive-tract-decompression-in-patients-with-acute-bowel-obstruction-mistakes-complications-and-their-prevention
#14
V Benedykt
The purpose of the work is improvement in treatment of patients with acute small bowel obstruction by justification for gastrointestinal decompression and different methods of small intestine intubation for effective evacuation of itscontents. We conducted morphological and morphometric study of the small intestine in 53 white rats. It was established that acute small bowel obstruction causes expansion of all parts of small bowel microvasculature with significant lesions of venous structures. We revealed thinning of intestinal muscular layer 2...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725678/hands-on-experience-can-lead-to-systematic-mistakes-a-study-on-adults-understanding-of-sinking-objects
#15
Ramón D Castillo, Talia Waltzer, Heidi Kloos
In line with theories of embodied cognition, hands-on experience is typically assumed to support learning. In the current paper, we explored this issue within the science domain of sinking objects. Adults had to make a guess about which of two objects in a pair would sink faster. The crucial manipulation was whether participants were handed real-life objects (real-objects condition) or were shown static images of objects (static-images condition). Results of Experiment 1 revealed more systematic mistakes in the real-objects than the static-images condition...
2017: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724323/evidence-that-disrupted-orienting-to-evaluative-social-feedback-undermines-error-correction-in-rejection-sensitive-women
#16
Jennifer A Mangels, Olta Hoxha, Sean P Lane, Shoshana N Jarvis, Geraldine Downey
For individuals high in Rejection Sensitivity (RS; Downey & Feldman, 1996), a learned orientation to anxiously expect rejection from valued others, negative feedback from social sources may disrupt engagement with learning opportunities, impeding recovery from mistakes. One context in which this disruption may be particularly pronounced is among women high in RS following evaluation by a male in authority. To investigate this prediction, 40 college students (50% female) answered general knowledge questions followed by immediate performance feedback and the correct answer while we recorded event-related potentials...
July 20, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721759/menopause-symptoms-can-fool-women-into-quitting-cancer-drugs
#17
(no author information available yet)
Women are mistaking menopause symptoms for side effects of potentially lifesaving breast cancer drugs, causing them to stop treatment.
July 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719561/arterial-topographic-anatomy-near-the-femoral-head-neck-perforation-with-surgical-relevance
#18
Paulo Rego, Vasco Mascarenhas, Diego Collado, Ana Coelho, Luis Barbosa, Reinhold Ganz
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the vascular supply of the femoral head is crucial for hip-preserving surgical procedures. The critical area for reshaping cam deformity is at the retinacular vessel penetration, an area with ill-defined topographic anatomy. We performed a cadaver study of the extension of the lateral retinaculum near the head-neck junction, distribution of the arterial vascular foramina, and initial intracapital course of these vessels. METHODS: In 16 fresh proximal parts of the femur without head-neck deformities, the deep branch of the medial femoral circumflex artery was injected with gadolinium for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences to identify arterial structures...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718394/multiple-possible-inaccuracies-cast-doubt-on-a-recent-report-suggesting-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-to-be-toxic-and-ineffective
#19
Fredrik Hieronymus, Alexander Lisinski, Jakob Näslund, Elias Eriksson
According to a systematic review on the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in adult depression that was recently published in BMC Psychiatry, the results of which have been widely disseminated in lay media, these drugs increase the risk for serious adverse events (SAEs) while exerting poor antidepressant efficacy. A cursory analysis, however, suggests the analysis of SAEs conducted by the authors to be marred by both methodological inaccuracies and blatant errors. After having corrected for these apparent mistakes, we conducted a sensitivity analysis in which we also accounted for a possible moderating effect of age; while this suggests SSRIs to be safe drugs in the non-elderly, they do confirm what is already known, that is, that they may enhance the risk for SAEs in the old...
July 18, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718196/retracted-cannabinoid-cb-2-receptors-modulate-erk-1-2-kinase-signalling-and-no-release-in-microglial-cells-stimulated-with-bacterial-lipopolysaccharide-by-s-merighi-s-gessi-k-varani-c-simioni-d-fazzi-p-mirandola-and-p-a-borea-british-journal-of-pharmacology
#20
(no author information available yet)
The above article, published by the British Journal of Pharmacology in March 2012 (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01673.x/full), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the Journal Editor in Chief and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The authors wish to state that in preparation of the original manuscript errors occurred resulting in duplication. This issue relates specifically to Figures 2A and 2B, lanes 3-5 of the pJNK1/2 in Figure 3B and lanes 1-3 of the pJNK1/2 blot from Figure 3C...
August 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
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