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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525807/category-mistakes-a-barrier-to-effective-environmental-management
#1
Ken J Wallace, Mark Jago
How entities, the things that exist, are defined and categorised affects all aspects of environmental management including technical descriptions, quantitative analyses, participatory processes, planning, and decisions. Consequently, ambiguous definitions and wrongly assigning entities to categories, referred to as category mistakes, are barriers to effective management. Confusion caused by treating the term 'biodiversity' variously as the property of an area, the biota of an area, and a preferred end state (a value) - quite different categories of entities - is one example...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523298/role-of-genetic-polymorphism-in-nutritional-supplementation-therapy-in-personalized-medicine
#2
Nicolae Ovidiu Peneş, Bernard Weber, Silviu Dumitru Păun
Genetic-guided nutritional supplementation therapy in personalized medicine is the type of treatment that prevents and acts against errors during the copying process of a cell's deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), mistakes that lead to diversification in the DNA sequence at certain locations, called single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Positive results are quickly achieved using one of the four types of therapy. These types are: personalized, when individual human genetic variations drive individual treatment, preventive, with a tailored healthcare strategy and therapeutic preventive drugs and vaccines, participatory, when empowered patients make informed choices and take responsibility of their own health and predictive, using a proactive approach to health and medicine...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521249/using-a-videogame-to-facilitate-nursing-and-medical-students-first-visit-to-the-operating-theatre-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Ángel Del Blanco, Javier Torrente, Baltasar Fernández-Manjón, Pedro Ruiz, Manuel Giner
BACKGROUND: First experiences in the operating theatre with real patients are always stressful and intimidating for students. We hypothesized that a game-like simulation could improve perceptions and performance of novices. METHODS: A videogame was developed, combining pictures and short videos, by which students are interactively instructed on acting at the surgical block. Moreover, the game includes detailed descriptive information. After playing, students are given feedback on their performance...
May 9, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515512/a-just-culture-approach-to-managing-medication-errors
#4
Erin Rogers, Emily Griffin, William Carnie, Joseph Melucci, Robert J Weber
Medication errors continue to be a concern of health care providers and the public, in particular how to prevent harm from medication mistakes. Many health care workers are afraid to report errors for fear of retribution including the loss of professional licensure and even imprisonment. Most health care workers are silent, instead of admitting their mistake and discussing it openly with peers. This can result in further patient harm if the system causing the mistake is not identified and fixed; thus self-denial may have a negative impact on patient care outcomes...
April 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510289/genome-organization-during-the-cell-cycle-unity-in-division
#5
REVIEW
Rosela Golloshi, Jacob T Sanders, Rachel Patton McCord
During the cell cycle, the genome must undergo dramatic changes in structure, from a decondensed, yet highly organized interphase structure to a condensed, generic mitotic chromosome and then back again. For faithful cell division, the genome must be replicated and chromosomes and sister chromatids physically segregated from one another. Throughout these processes, there is feedback and tension between the information-storing role and the physical properties of chromosomes. With a combination of recent techniques in fluorescence microscopy, chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C), biophysical experiments, and computational modeling, we can now attribute mechanisms to many long-observed features of chromosome structure changes during cell division...
May 16, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506863/the-null-test-for-peptide-identification-algorithm-in-shotgun-proteomics
#6
Shu-Rong Zhang, Yi-Chu Shan, Hao Jiang, Jian-Hui Liu, Yuan Zhou, Li-Hua Zhang, Yu-Kui Zhang
The present research proposed general evaluation strategy named Null-Test for peptide identification algorithm in Shotgun proteomics. The Null-Test method based on random matching can be utilized to check whether the algorithm has a tendency to make a mistake or has potential bugs, faultiness, errors etc., and to validate the reliability of the identification algorithm. Unfortunately, none of the five famous identification software could pass the most stringent Null-Test. PatternLab had good performance in both Null-Test and routine search by making a good control on the overfitting with sound design...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506414/unintentional-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-injuries-following-thyroidectomy-is-it-the-surgeon-who-pays-the-bill
#7
REVIEW
C Gambardella, A Polistena, A Sanguinetti, R Patrone, S Napolitano, D Esposito, D Testa, V Marotta, A Faggiano, P G Calò, N Avenia, G Conzo
BACKGROUND: Thyroidectomy is one of the most common intervention in general surgery and, after the turn of the century, its rate has sharply increased, along with a worldwide increased incidence of differentiated thyroid cancers. Therefore, injuries of the recurrent laryngeal nerve have become one of the most frequent cause of surgical malpractice claims, mostly following surgery for benign pathology. MAIN BODY: Even if the incidence of definitive paralysis is generally lower than 3%, during the last 20 years in Italy, the number of claims for damages has sharply raised...
May 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504508/-mistakes-in-drug-prescription-during-simulated-pediatric-resuscitations-and-other-urgency-procedures
#8
Diego Enriquez, Raúl Gómez Traverso, Silvina Brizuela, Edgardo Szyld
INTRODUCTION: The probability of making mistakes in the prescription of medicines is high in pediatrics, and substantially increases in emergency situations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective observational study analyzed the prescriptions issued by physicians during 23 cardiopulmonary resuscitation pediatric emergency training sessions. RESULTS: During 94 simulated cases, 96 physicians participated. Forty-four prescriptions on paper were analyzed (48%) including 120 doses...
June 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497455/hip-sonography-background-technique-and-common-mistakes-results-debate-and-politics-challenges
#9
Reinhard Graf
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is the commonest 'congenital' disease of the locomotor system throughout the world. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) Bone & Joint Decade (2000-2010) 10%-15% of patients who are under the age of 50 when they require a hip replacement do so because of infant hip dysplasia.The background; technique and common mistakes; results; debate and politics; and the challenges of infant hip sonography are reviewed.
May 8, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496194/zooplankton-community-profiling-in-a-eutrophic-freshwater-ecosystem-lake-tai-basin-by-dna-metabarcoding
#10
Jianghua Yang, Xiaowei Zhang, Yuwei Xie, Chao Song, Yong Zhang, Hongxia Yu, G Allen Burton
Communities of zooplankton, a critical portion of aquatic ecosystems, can be adversely affected by contamination resulting from human activities. Understanding the influence of environmental change on zooplankton communities under field-conditions is hindered by traditional labor-intensive approaches that are prone to taxonomic and enumeration mistakes. Here, metabarcoding of cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) region of mitochondrial DNA was used to characterize the genetic diversity of zooplankton. The species composition of zooplankton communities determined by metabarcoding was consistent with the results based on the traditional morphological approach...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494129/when-trust-is-threatened-qualitative-study-of-parents-perspectives-on-problematic-clinical-relationships-in-child-cancer-care
#11
Sarah Davies, Peter Salmon, Bridget Young
OBJECTIVE: We explored parents' accounts of the parent-clinician relationship in childhood cancer to understand how parents who perceive threats to the relationship can be supported. METHODS: Multi-centre longitudinal qualitative study, with 67 UK parents of children (aged 1-12 years) receiving treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Analyses drew on the wider sample but focussed on 50 semi-structured interviews with 20 parents and were informed by constant comparison...
May 11, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493209/erratum-corrigenda-et-emendatio-or-mistake-correction-and-amendment
#12
EDITORIAL
Marius M Scarlat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489248/intact-fgf23-and-%C3%AE-klotho-during-acute-inflammation-sepsis-in-ckd-patients
#13
Evangelia Dounousi, Claudia Torino, Patrizia Pizzini, Sebastiano Cutrupi, Vincenzo Panuccio, Graziella D'Arrigo, Samar Abd ElHafeez, Giovanni Tripepi, Francesca Mallamaci, Carmine Zoccali
We read the letter by dr. Schliet raising the problem of data integrity in our study. Overall the problem was only descriptive and due to computation mistakes related to the use of the SD of the geometric mean. The problem was absolutely immaterial for data interpretation and for the conclusions of our study. Problems of data integrity are a very serious issue and for this reason I would be very grateful if you might publish our long reply as well as the attached PDF files (as a Supplementary information to go in the WEB site of the EJCI) reporting the sets of pertinent raw data in the group of patients with intercurrent sepsis and in the control group...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488006/ingestion-of-a-single-2-3%C3%A2-mm-lead-pellet-by-laying-roller-pigeon-hens-reduces-egg-size-and-adversely-affects-f1-generation-hatchlings
#14
Robert J Williams, Lawrence V Tannenbaum, Susan M Williams, Steven D Holladay, Richard C Tuckfield, Ajay Sharma, Danny Joe Humphrey, Robert M Gogal
Many aquatic and terrestrial avian species inadvertently ingest lead (Pb) in the form of spent or fragmented ammunition, mistaking it for food or grit. Previous studies in our laboratory have shown that ingestion of even a single 45-mg pellet can significantly increase blood-Pb levels and significantly inhibit the enzyme delta aminolevulinic-acid dehydratase (δ-ALAD) for a period of greater than 4 weeks. In the current study, proven breeder pairs of domestic Roller pigeons were housed in individual cages...
May 9, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484867/regional-brain-volume-reduction-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-preterm-children-at-low-risk-at-9%C3%A2-years-of-age
#15
Ebru Arhan, Kıvılcım Gücüyener, Şebnem Soysal, Şafak Şalvarlı, M Ali Gürses, Ayşe Serdaroğlu, Ercan Demir, Ebru Ergenekon, Canan Türkyılmaz, Esra Önal, Esin Koç, Yıldız Atalay
OBJECTIVE: More information is needed on "low-risk" preterm infants' neurological outcome so that they can be included in follow-up programs. A prospective study was performed to examine the regional brain volume changes compared to term children and to assess the relationship between the regional brain volumes to cognitive outcome of the low-risk preterm children at 9 years of age. PATIENTS: Subjects comprised 22 preterm children who were determined to be at low risk for neurodevelopmental deficits with a gestational age between 28 and 33 weeks without a major neonatal morbidity in the neonatal period and 24 age-matched term control children term and matched for age, sex, and parental educational and occupational status...
May 8, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477289/predictors-of-relapse-or-maintenance-of-response-in-pediatric-and-adult-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-following-discontinuation-of-long-term-treatment-with-atomoxetine
#16
Johannes Thome, Ralf W Dittmann, Laurence L Greenhill, Sarah Lipsius, Yoko Tanaka, Chris Bushe, Rodrigo Escobar, Alexandra N Heinloth, Himanshu Upadhyaya
We identified relapse/maintenance-of-response (MOR) predictors following discontinuation of long-term atomoxetine treatment in pediatric and adult patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and assessed correlations between ADHD symptoms and quality of life (QoL). Post hoc analyses of data from two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 withdrawal studies in patients with ADHD meeting predefined response criteria before randomization. Study 1: patients (N = 163; 6-15 years) received atomoxetine (1...
May 5, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476865/accounting-for-sampling-error-in-genetic-eigenvalues-using-random-matrix-theory
#17
Jacqueline L Sztepanacz, Mark W Blows
The distribution of genetic variance in multivariate phenotypes is characterized by the empirical spectral distribution of the eigenvalues of the genetic covariance matrix. Empirical estimates of genetic eigenvalues from random effects linear models are known to be over-dispersed by sampling error, where large eigenvalues are biased upwards, and small eigenvalues are biased downwards. The overdispersion of the leading eigenvalues of sample covariance matrices have been demonstrated to conform to the Tracy-Widom (TW) distribution...
May 5, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474536/comments-on-an-overview-of-protocols-for-the-neural-induction-of-dental-and-oral-stem-cells-in-vitro-article-in-tissue-engineering-part-b-heng-et-al-february-2016-doi-10-1089-ten-teb-2015-0488
#18
Orsolya Pall, Bela Varga Varga, Pierre-Yves Collart-Dutilleul, Csilla Gergely, Frédéric Cuisinier
We read with interest the review of Heng et al.(2016). The article summarizes a wide range of protocols about the in vitro neurodifferentiation of different dental and oral stem cells. Our research group is also interested in the study of neurogenic potential of dental pulp stem cells, so we were pleased to find such a detailed and comprehensive review about this topic. Unfortunately when reading carefully the article, we observed numerous errors regarding for example the quantity of the products in several protocols...
May 5, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473792/relationship-between-resilience-and-self-regulation-a-study-of-spanish-youth-at-risk-of-social-exclusion
#19
Raquel Artuch-Garde, Maria Del Carmen González-Torres, Jesús de la Fuente, M Mariano Vera, María Fernández-Cabezas, Mireia López-García
The ability to self-regulate behavior is one of the most important protective factors in relation with resilience and should be fostered especially in at-risk youth. Previous research has characterized these students as having behaviors indicating lack of foresight. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothetical relationship between these personal variables. It was hypothesized that self-regulation would be associated with and would be a good predictor of resilience, and that low-medium-high levels of self-regulation would lead to similar levels of resilience...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471843/international-institutional-trauma-in-developmental-pediatric-practice
#20
Demetra Pappas, Jason Fogler, Sabrina Sargado, Leah Welchons, Marilyn Augustyn
"Aabis" is a school-aged boy from a predominantly conservative Muslim nation who presented to a tertiary developmental-behavioral pediatric (DBP) clinic to seek "expert opinion" for significant social and learning difficulties in the context of a history of frequent falling and "clumsiness." He was seen by a psychiatrist in his home country, who ordered an electroencephalogram and "brain map" (both normal), and received occupational and physical therapies. Frequent tantrums and intense emotional reactions to minor events-revealed to be related to a history of repeated physical beatings from groups of his "friends"-prompted referral to the DBP clinic...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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