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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936720/development-of-finger-force-coordination-in-children
#1
Sharon Shaklai, Aviva Mimouni-Bloch, Moran Levin, Jason Friedman
Coordination is often observed as body parts moving together. However, when producing force with multiple fingers, the optimal coordination is not to produce similar forces with each finger, but rather for each finger to correct mistakes of other fingers. In this study, we aim to determine whether and how this skill develops in children aged 4-12 years. We measured this sort of coordination using the uncontrolled manifold hypothesis (UCM). We recorded finger forces produced by 60 typically developing children aged between 4 and 12 years in a finger-pressing task...
September 21, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932145/comparison-of-using-different-bridge-prosthetic-designs-for-partial-defect-restoration-through-mathematical-modeling
#2
Oksana Styranivska, Nataliia Kliuchkovska, Nataliya Mykyyevych
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the stress-strain states of bone and abutment teeth during the use of different prosthetic designs of fixed partial dentures with the use of relevant mathematical modeling principles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The use of Comsol Multiphysics 3.5 (Comsol AB, Sweden) software during the mathematical modeling of stress-strain states provided numerical data for analytical interpretation in three different clinical scenarios with fixed dentures and different abutment teeth and demountable prosthetic denture with the saddle-shaped intermediate part...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929961/-national-antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-system-namrss-external-quality-assessment-studies-2011-2016
#3
Serap Süzük Yıldız, Hüsniye Şimşek, Nilay Çöplü, Zeynep Gülay
Establishment of sustainable and evidence-based surveillance systems are recommended for prevention of microbial resistance by the World Health Organization (WHO). As a necessity of these surveillance systems, participants are recommended to implement an external quality assessment (EQA) program. In this scope, National Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (NARSS) has been established within the Public Health Institute of Turkey (PHIT) in our country since 2011. In the scope of this surveillance, NARSS EQA program has been implemented in a cycle per year and four isolates were sent to participants per cycle every year since 2011...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927896/niacin-and-heart-disease-prevention-engraving-its-tombstone-is-a-mistake
#4
REVIEW
Harold Robert Superko, Xue-Qiao Zhao, Howard N Hodis, John R Guyton
Niacin (nicotinic acid) has been used for primary and secondary coronary heart disease prevention for over 40 years. Until recently clinical trials incorporating niacin as part of an intervention strategy consistently demonstrated reduction in clinical events and lesion improvement, including ≥6% absolute mortality reduction. Two large clinical event trials in 2011 (Atherothrombosis Intervention in Metabolic Syndrome With Low HDL/High Triglycerides and Impact on Global Health Outcomes) and 2014 (Heart Protection Study 2-Treatment of HDL to Reduce the Incidence of Vascular Events) concluded that niacin added to statin therapy did not provide clinical event benefit over statin alone...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921479/erratum-to-development-of-a-circulation-direct-sampling-and-monitoring-system-for-o2-and-co2-concentrations-in-the-gas-liquid-phases-of-shake%C3%A2-flask-systems-during-microbial-cell-culture
#5
Masato Takahashi, Yoshisuke Sawada, Hideki Aoyagi
Following publication of the original article (Takahashi et al. 2017), the authors reported that there was a mistake in the legend of Figure 2.
September 18, 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914929/full-vectorial-propagation-model-and-modified-effective-mode-area-of-four-wave-mixing-in-straight-waveguides
#6
Kai Guo, Søren M M Friis, Jesper B Christensen, Erik N Christensen, Xiaodong Shi, Yunhong Ding, Haiyan Ou, Karsten Rottwitt
We derive from Maxwell's equations full-vectorial nonlinear propagation equations of four-wave mixing valid in straight semiconductor-on-insulator waveguides. Special attention is given to the resulting effective mode area, which takes a convenient form known from studies in photonic crystal fibers, but has not been introduced in the context of integrated waveguides. We show that the difference between our full-vectorial effective mode area and the scalar equivalent often referred to in the literature may lead to mistakes when evaluating the nonlinear refractive index and optimizing designs of new waveguides...
September 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905900/statues-learn-from-mistakes
#7
Kim M Cobb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904910/complications-acknowledging-managing-and-coping-with-human-error
#8
REVIEW
Sevann Helo, Carol-Anne E Moulton
Errors are inherent in medicine due to the imperfectness of human nature. Health care providers may have a difficult time accepting their fallibility, acknowledging mistakes, and disclosing errors. Fear of litigation, shame, blame, and concern about reputation are just some of the barriers preventing physicians from being more candid with their patients, despite the supporting body of evidence that patients cite poor communication and lack of transparency as primary drivers to file a lawsuit in the wake of a medical complication...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904727/post-ivermectin-encephalopathy-in-senegal-a-case-report
#9
Daniel Gams Massi, Mohamed Lelouma Mansare, Mariétou Traoré, Moustapha Ndiaye, Amadou Gallo Diop, Mouhamadou Mansour Ndiaye
Ivermectin is an ant parasitic drug used for combating onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis. It works by inhibiting the function of neurons and muscles, thus causing paralysis of microfilariae. Side effects of this drug have been reported including post-ivermectin encephalopathy requiring emergency care in hospital. We report the case of a 35 years old patient living in rural areas of Senegal who presented two days after a mistake in administration of a second dose of ivermectin, headaches, altered consciousness and bilateral blindness...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904274/factors-relating-to-self-efficacy-among-psychiatric-nurses
#10
Hironori Yada, Mako Kobayashi, Ryo Odachi, Toshie Yamane
This study aimed to clarify the factors related to self-efficacy experienced by psychiatric nurses. Analysis of qualitative descriptive data from a free self-description questionnaire administered to 16 psychiatric nurses working in psychiatric hospitals revealed 24 codes across the following 8 categories as factors that increase self-efficacy: A1. possibility of practical use in nursing, A2. nursing judgment, A3. improvement of psychiatric symptoms, A4. the patients presenting a positive attitude, A5. building a relationship of trust with the patients, A6...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902209/application-of-the-eckart-frame-to-soft-matter-rotation-of-star-polymers-under-shear-flow
#11
Jurij Sablić, Rafael Delgado-Buscalioni, Matej Praprotnik
The Eckart co-rotating frame is used to analyze the dynamics of star polymers under shear flow, either in melt or solution and with different types of bonds. This formalism is compared with the standard approach used in many previous studies on polymer dynamics, where an apparent angular velocity ω is obtained from the relation between the tensor of inertia and angular momentum. A common mistake is to interpret ω as the molecular rotation frequency, which is only valid for rigid-body rotation. The Eckart frame, originally formulated to analyze the infrared spectra of small molecules, dissects different kinds of displacements: vibrations without angular momentum, pure rotation, and vibrational angular momentum (leading to a Coriolis cross-term)...
September 13, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900073/-molecular-mechanisms-of-hiv-1-genetic-diversity
#12
D V Sosin, N A Tchurikov
High genetic diversity of HIV-1 is the main factor behind the fact that HIV infection is widespread and difficult to treat. Although a limited number (or only one) of virus particles enters the blood upon infection, the particles are replicated in infected cells and rapidly produce new genetic variants that are resistant to the host immune system and antiretroviral drugs. This circumstance hampers the development of anti-HIV-1 vaccines and requires new antiretroviral drugs to be designed. The cause of the high variation of HIV-1 is related to the properties of its reverse transcriptase, which is error prone and often makes mistakes when transcribing virus RNA...
July 2017: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898604/the-team-approach-mistaking-artifact-for-art
#13
Lou A Lukas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898474/quality-of-life-measurement-in-acne-position-paper-of-the-european-academy-of-dermatology-and-venereology-eadv-task-forces-on-quality-of-life-and-patient-oriented-outcomes-qol-and-po-and-acne-rosacea-and-hidradenitis-suppurativa-arhs
#14
REVIEW
P V Chernyshov, C C Zouboulis, L Tomas-Aragones, G B Jemec, L Manolache, T Tzellos, F Sampogna, A W M Evers, C Dessinioti, S E Marron, V Bettoli, O D van Cranenburgh, A Svensson, A I Liakou, F Poot, J C Szepietowski, Salek, A Y Finlay
Acne causes profound negative psychological and social effects on the quality of life (QoL) of patients. The European Dermatology Forum S3-Guideline for the Treatment of Acne recommended adopting a QoL measure as an integral part of acne management. Because of constantly growing interest in health-related QoL assessment in acne and because of the high impact of acne on patients' lives, the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology Task Force on QoL and Patient Oriented Outcomes and the Task Force on Acne, Rosacea and Hidradenitis Suppurativa have documented the QoL instruments that have been used in acne patients, with information on validation, purposes of their usage, description of common limitations and mistakes in their usage and overall recommendations...
September 12, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895626/-learning-from-mistakes
#15
Antonia Joussen, Horst Helbig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893527/management-of-premature-rupture-of-membranes-at-term-the-need-to-correct-a-recurring-mistake-in-articles-chapters-and-recommendations-of-professional-organizations
#16
Eyal Krispin
Recommendations about the management of premature rupture of membranes at term are based, in part, on a large, randomized controlled trial published in 1996: the "TERMPROM" trial. The original article contained an error in Table 1, in which "Interval from membrane rupture to delivery" was listed instead of "Interval from membrane rupture to study entry". While the authors and journal corrected this error, the mistake published in the original paper has made its way into subsequent publications and even in guidelines or practice bulletins issued by professional organizations, textbooks, and other publications around the world...
September 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893010/evaluation-of-the-potency-of-kinetin-on-radiation-induced-behavioural-changes-in-swiss-albino-mice
#17
Vishakh Radhakrishna, Suchetha Kumari Nanilu, Ganesh Sanjeev, Jayarama Shetty, Yogish Tenkanidiyoor Somyaji, Shailaja Shivarama Moodithaya
INTRODUCTION: According to the various independent studies conducted, it is well evident fact that radiation induces oxidative stress in the living system. It is also proved that this oxidative stress will lead to the various behavioural changes such as anxiety and memory impairment. Kinetin is one of the important plant cytokine with anti-aging properties. However, very few studies were conducted to check its potential in ameliorating the behavioural changes induced by the ionizing radiation...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888923/social-learning-in-a-maze-contrasting-individual-performance-among-wild-zebrafish-when-associated-with-trained-and-na%C3%A3-ve-conspecifics
#18
Tamal Roy, Anuradha Bhat
Social learning facilitates informed decision making about foraging, mating and anti-predatory tactics among animals. We investigated the occurrence of social learning through performance in a spatial task among wild-caught zebrafish. Individual fish (demonstrators) were trained through a novel food finding task in a maze for 8days. Demonstrators were paired with naïve individuals (observers) and subjected to trials through maze for 4days followed by removal of the demonstrators and further training of observers for 4 more days...
September 6, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884725/-ethical-aspects-of-teaching-of-nervous-diseases
#19
A A Bakhmet, I V Damulin, S V Klochkova, R V Shurupova
Ethical aspects of training of physicians are considered. The author highlights the importance of teaching the basic disciplines during the training of the neurologist. An analysis of most frequent mistakes that arise in practical activity as a consequence of overestimation of paraclinical methods of investigation, underestimation of a role of treatment that the patient receives due to other indications is presented. The formation of life attitude of the physician is the extremely important component of teaching process...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884719/-vestibular-migraine-diagnostic-difficulties-and-treatment-optimization
#20
A V Li, E V Parkhomenko, A N Barinov
AIM: The study aimed at showing actual information about vestibular migraine and presenting different features of vestibular migraine for prevention of diagnostic mistakes and choosing an effective treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty patients with vestibular migraine were diagnosed according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders 3rd edition and examined in a neurological department. RESULTS: Problems with outpatient diagnosis and treatment were found...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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