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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448682/validation-of-the-behavioural-observation-scale-3-for-the-evaluation-of-pain-in-adults
#1
M Frasca, B Burucoa, S Domecq, N Robinson, V Dousset, M Cadenne, F Sztark, M Floccia
BACKGROUND: Many behavioural scales are available to assess pain but none are suitable for a quick evaluation of non-sedated and non-geriatric adults. The Behavioural Observation Scale 3 (BOS-3) is short, composed of five items. This study examined its feasibility and diagnostic performances. METHODS: Adult patients were included from medical and surgical departments of the University Hospital of Bordeaux. In a cross-sectional study, BOS-3 was compared to Numerical Rate Scale (NRS) with communicating patients (CP) and Behavioural Scale for the Elderly Person (ECPA2) with non-communicating patients (NCP)...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448679/who-we-are-what-we-believe-getting-to-geriatrics-with-a-capital-g-at-ags17
#2
Ellen Flaherty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448486/-first-mexican-consensus-of-vaccination-in-adults
#3
Luis Miguel Gutiérrez-Robledo, Elizabeth Caro-López, María de Lourdes Guerrero-Almeida, Margarita Dehesa-Violante, Eduardo Rodríguez-Noriega, Juan Miguel García-Lara, Zaira Medina-López, Renata Báez-Saldaña, Elsa Díaz-López, Flor Maria de Guadalupe Avila-Fematt, Miguel Betancourt-Cravioto, Lourdes Garcia-Garcia
For years our efforts have been focused on vaccination during childhood. Today we know that this is not enough to ensure health in the rest of the life. Childhood is as important as any other stage and, therefore, vaccination must be permanent and differentiated, according to our age, throughout life. Introducing a life course perspective in vaccination programs, with emphasis on adult vaccination, particularly in older adults, offers us the opportunity to review the performance of health programs, actions, and services in the field of immunization, as well as strengthening health promotion actions...
March 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448092/handgrip-strength-predicts-longitudinal-changes-in-clock-drawing-test-performance-an-observational-study-in-a-sample-of-older-non-demented-adults
#4
G Viscogliosi, M G Di Bernardo, E Ettorre, I M Chiriac
OBJECTIVE: Impairment of physical performance might identify older people at higher risk of dementia over time. The present study evaluated handgrip strength as independent predictor of cognitive decline. DESIGN: Observational, prospective. Follow-up duration: 11.2 ± 0.8 months. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Geriatric outpatients center. 104 consecutive stroke- and dementia-free older adults (44% men, ages 80.2 ± 5.4 years). METHODS: The Clinical Dementia Rating scale and the Clock Drawing Test (CDT) were administered...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448090/is-it-possible-using-handgrip-strength-instead-of-body-mass-index-in-mna-sf-test-to-assess-the-nutritional-status-of-geriatric-patients
#5
M C Kizilarslanoglu, M K Kilic, D Gokce, T Sakalar, Z Ulger
INTRODUCTION: In Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) test, a practical and reliable alternative parameter is still necessary for patients with difficult body mass index evaluation. We aimed to show whether or not handgrip strength may be used instead of body mass index (BMI) in MNA-SF test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MNA-SF test scores, calf circumferences (CC), handgrip strength (HGS), and BMI of 191 patients were evaluated. The first one of calculated MNA-SF tests was with BMI, the second one with CC, and the last one with HGS...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448076/tea-consumption-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults
#6
C-W Pan, Q Ma, H-P Sun, Y Xu, N Luo, P Wang
BACKGROUND: Although tea consumption has been reported to have various health benefits in humans, its association with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has not been investigated directly. We aimed to examine the relationship between tea consumption and HRQOL among older Chinese adults. METHODS: We analyzed community-based cross-sectional data of 5,557 older Chinese individuals aged 60 years or older who participated in the Weitang Geriatric Diseases study...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447319/-effects-of-geriatric-copd-rehabilitation-on-hospital-admissions-and-exercise-tolerance-a%C3%A2-retrospective-observational-study
#7
Stephanie Blindenbach, Jisca W F A Vrancken, Hans van der Zeijden, Herre J Reesink, Folkert Brijker, Martin Smalbrugge, Elizabeth M Wattel
INTRODUCTION: Frail COPD patients are frequently not accepted for regular pulmonary rehabilitation programs due to low physical condition and functional limitations. Rehabilitation programs in nursing homes for geriatric patients with COPD have been developed. The effects of such programs are largely unknown. AIMS: To assess the course of COPD-related hospital admissions and exercise tolerance in a cohort of frail COPD patients participating in geriatric COPD rehabilitation...
April 26, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446371/beware-of-the-toilet-the-risk-for-a-deep-tissue-injury-during-toilet-sitting
#8
Maayan Lustig, Ayelet Levy, Kara Kopplin, Zehava Ovadia-Blechman, Amit Gefen
A pressure injury (PrI) compromises quality of life and can be life-threatening. The fundamental cause of PrIs is sustained deformations in weight-bearing soft tissues, e.g., during prolonged sitting on inadequate surfaces such as a toilet seat. In nursing homes and geriatric facilities, patients need assistance using the restroom, and patients being left on the toilet for tens-of-minutes is a real-world scenario, unfortunately. Nevertheless, there are no published studies regarding sustained tissue loads during toilet sitting and their effects on tissue physiology...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444804/effect-of-resistant-starch-on-the-intestinal-health-of-old-dogs-fermentation-products-and-histological-features-of-the-intestinal-mucosa
#9
M C Peixoto, É M Ribeiro, A P J Maria, B A Loureiro, L G di Santo, T C Putarov, F N Yoshitoshi, G T Pereira, L R M Sá, A C Carciofi
The effects of resistant starch (RS) intake on nutrient digestibility, microbial fermentation products, faecal IgA, faecal pH, and histological features of the intestinal mucosa of old dogs were evaluated. The same formulation was extruded in two different conditions: one to obtain elevated starch cooking degree with low RS content (0.21%) and the other lower starch cooking with high RS content (1.46%). Eight geriatric Beagles (11.5 ± 0.38 years old) were fed each diet for 61 days in a crossover design...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444116/effectiveness-of-in-hospital-geriatric-co-management-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Bastiaan Van Grootven, Johan Flamaing, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé, Christophe Dubois, Katleen Fagard, Marie-Christine Herregods, Miek Hornikx, Annouschka Laenen, Bart Meuris, Steffen Rex, Jos Tournoy, Koen Milisen, Mieke Deschodt
Background: geriatric consultation teams have failed to impact clinical outcomes prompting geriatric co-management programmes to emerge as a promising strategy to manage frail patients on non-geriatric wards. Objective: to conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of in-hospital geriatric co-management. Data sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and CENTRAL were searched from inception to 6 May 2016. Reference lists, trial registers and PubMed Central Citations were additionally searched...
April 24, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444038/difficulties-in-accessing-services-that-are-of-medium-complexity-in-small-municipalities-a-case-study
#11
Camila Ribeiro Silva, Brigida Gimenez Carvalho, Luiz Cordoni, Elisabete de Fátima Pólo de Almeida Nunes
The study aimed to describe the specialized health services and to identify areas of greater difficulty of access to specialized consultations offered by SUS in small cities in the 18th Regional Health Area of Paraná State, Brazil, using case study methodology. The data were collected between January and April 2015. Managers, management teams and the board of directors of the CIS (Consórcio Intermunicipal de Saúde) were interviewed. The 21 studied specialist areas were rated like Sufficient Quota, Insufficient Quota, Inexistent Supply, and Assistance Gap...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443512/clinical-and-radiographic-features-of-knee-osteoarthritis-of-elderly-patients
#12
Hana Sahli, Aicha Ben Tekaya, Selim Daas, Ines Mahmoud, Rawdha Tekaya
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis is a common pathology, characterized by a prevalence that increases with age. Absence of anatomo-clinical correlation its management complex, particularly in a geriatric setting where it is not well studied. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to investigate the epidemio-clinical profile, functional impairment and radiographic features of knee osteoarthritis in the old patients versus younger patients (<65 years). METHODS: Cross-sectional study including patients who were monitored for 6 months at a rheumatology department for knee osteoarthritis...
April 25, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442895/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-prosthetic-status-of-nursing-home-residents-with-or-without-dementia
#13
Anna-Luisa Klotz, Alexander Jochen Hassel, Johannes Schröder, Peter Rammelsberg, Andreas Zenthöfer
PURPOSE: The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the effect of prosthetic status on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of nursing home residents with or without dementia. METHODS: The study was performed in 14 nursing homes across the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. All eligible participants were included, and general and medical information and information about their dental and prosthetic statuses were collected...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442799/study-of-pruritus-vulvae-in-geriatric-age-group-in-tertiary-hospital
#14
Jasleen Kaur, Jyotika Kalsy
BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization criteria, geriatric population is people above 60 years of age. In this phase of life, a woman has already gone through menopause and its associated emotional, physical, and hormonal changes. These changes are due to gradual loss of estrogen that comes with menopause which results in dramatic changes in the appearance of vulva and vagina. With age, skin of vulva becomes thin, loses elasticity, and moisture so that the patient starts feeling burning and itchy sensation...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442246/prognostic-impact-of-nutritional-risk-assessment-in-patients-with-chronic-schizophrenia
#15
Ming-Tsun Tsai, Tien-Hao Chang, Bo-Jian Wu
Protein-energy wasting is associated with poor outcome in various clinical settings. However, the prevalence of malnutrition and the prognostic impact of nutritional status are poorly understood in institutionalized patients with chronic schizophrenia. This study aimed to assess the predictive ability of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index and Onodera's Prognostic Nutritional Index for long-term outcomes in patients with chronic schizophrenia. All measurements, including nutritional scores, were performed at baseline after the enrollment of 542 (64...
April 22, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441324/designing-fit-for-purpose-health-and-social-services-for-ageing-populations
#16
Jean Woo
Population ageing is occurring in all countries, regardless of the level of economic development. While the rising burden of chronic diseases and disabilities as a consequence of this demographic transition is well recognized, the increasing prevalence of geriatric syndromes as a public health issue is not as well recognized. Recently the World Health Organization's World Health and Ageing Report emphasized functional ability as an important outcome for aging populations, highlighting the concept of raising intrinsic capacity throughout the life course...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438373/geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-as-a-nutritional-and-survival-risk-assessment-tool-in-stable-outpatients-with-systolic-heart-failure
#17
L Sargento, A Vicente Simões, J Rodrigues, S Longo, N Lousada, R Palma Dos Reis
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Malnutrition is frequent in heart failure (HF). However, the best tool for evaluating malnutrition in geriatric patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the incremental prognostic value of the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) in stable geriatric outpatients with HFrEF compared with a clinical/laboratory prognostic model. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 143 outpatients with HFrEF, aged >65 years, a LVEF <40%, and who were stable and on optimal therapy were studied...
February 22, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436681/psychometric-validation-of-the-geriatric-suicide-ideation-scale-gsis-among-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder
#18
Norm O'Rourke, Marnin J Heisel, Sarah L Canham, Andrew Sixsmith, Hamed Yaghoubi-Shahir, David B King
OBJECTIVES: Across age groups, bipolar disorder (BD) carries the greatest risk of death by suicide of all psychiatric conditions; 25%-50% of those with BD will make one or more suicide attempt. Psychometrically sound instruments are required to reliably measure suicide ideation and risk of self-harm for older adults with BD. For this study, we validate the geriatric suicide ideation scale (GSIS) with adults 50+ years with BD. METHODS: We recruited a global sample of 220 older adults with BD (M = 58...
April 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436564/high-prevalence-of-superficial-white-onychomycosis-by-trichophyton-interdigitale-in-a-japanese-nursing-home-with-a%C3%A2-geriatric-hospital
#19
Seiji Watanabe, Kazushi Anzawa, Takashi Mochizuki
A mycological survey on feet was performed in a nursing home with a geriatric hospital to ascertain the prevalence of tinea lesions. Of 100 subjects, comprising 62 in the nursing home and 38 in the geriatric wing, 70 were diagnosed with tinea pedis, tinea unguium (onychomycosis) or both of which 54 had onychomycosis alone, nine tinea pedis alone and seven had co-existing onychomycosis and tinea pedis. The most common clinical type of onychomycosis was distal lateral subungual onychomycosis (DLSO) at 30 cases, followed by superficial white onychomycosis (SWO) at 23 cases...
April 24, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436194/impact-of-living-arrangements-on-clinical-outcomes-among-older-patients-with-dementia-or-cognitive-impairment-admitted-to-the-geriatric-evaluation-and-management-unit-in-taiwan
#20
Cheng-Hao Hung, Ting-Ching Tang, Chih-Jen Wang, Li-Kuo Liu, Li-Ning Peng, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: To evaluate the impact of living arrangements on mortality and functional decline among older patients with dementia or cognitive impairment after discharge from a geriatric evaluation and management unit (GEMU) in Taiwan. METHODS: The present retrospective cohort study used data from the Veteran Affairs Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment from January 2015 to May 2016 for analysis. Data of patients aged 65 years and older with dementia or cognitive impairment at admission to the GEMU of Taipei Veterans General Hospital during the study period were retried for study...
April 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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