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Massive bleeding

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161751/the-jellyfish-sign-a-new-sonographic-cervical-marker-to%C3%A2-predict-maternal-morbidity-in-abnormally-invasive-placenta-previa
#1
Emma Bertucci, Filomena Giulia Sileo, Giovanni Grandi, Valentina Fenu, Carlotta Cani, Luciano Mancini, Ema Mataca, Fabio Facchinetti
Purpose To investigate the value of a new cervical sonographic sign, called the jellyfish sign (JS), for predicting the risk of maternal morbidity in cases of abnormally invasive placenta (AIP) previa totalis. Materials and Methods Retrospective evaluation of transvaginal (TV) and transabdominal (TA) scans performed in all singleton pregnancies with placenta previa totalis. JS, i. e. the absence of the normal linear demarcation between the placenta previa and the cervix, was evaluated by TV scans. The presence/severity of AIP and outcomes of maternal morbidity were related to this sign...
November 21, 2017: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151230/intentional-placental-removal-on-suspicious-placenta-accreta-spectrum-still-prohibited
#2
Shigeki Matsubara, Hironori Takahashi
INTRODUCTION: Intentional placental removal for abnormally invasive placenta (AIP) is fundamentally abandoned at planned surgery for it. Whether this holds true even after recent introduction of various hemostatic procedures is unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We discussed on this issue based on our own experiences and also on the recent reports on various hemostatic procedures. RESULTS: Studies directly answering this question have been lacking...
November 18, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150225/nondisplaced-pubic-ramus-fracture-associated-with-exsanguination-and-death
#3
Chana Rich, James Rayner, Neha Raukar
We present a case of an elderly man who sustained non-displaced fractures through the right superior and inferior pubic rami after a fall from standing and had a tragic outcome. While minimally displaced pubic ramus fractures are typically stable and require only symptomatic treatment, there have been reports, such as this one, of low-energy pubic rami fractures resulting in massive hemorrhage. Despite aggressive resuscitation and embolization of the right obturator artery, our patient ultimately died during his hospitalization...
November 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149927/gastrointestinal-involvement-in-beh%C3%A3-et-disease
#4
REVIEW
Ibrahim Hatemi, Gulen Hatemi, Aykut Ferhat Çelik
Behçet disease (BD) is a variable vessel vasculitis that can involve several organs and systems. Gastrointestinal (GI) involvement has an acute exacerbating course with ulcers, most commonly in the ileocolonic area. These ulcers can be large and deep, causing perforation and massive bleeding. This article highlights the current knowledge on the epidemiology, clinical findings, diagnosis, and management of GI involvement of BD, with emphasis on recent findings.
February 2018: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147816/development-of-pseudoaneurysm-in-cesarean-section-scar-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Shunki Kiyokawa, Tatsuyuki Chiyoda, Kazunori Ueno, Keiko Saotome, Seon-Hye Kim, Sakura Nakada
Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a rare type of ectopic pregnancy. It is becoming more common, but it can lead to uterine rupture and severe hemorrhage. Here, we report a case of a 37-year-old woman with CSP complicated with pseudoaneurysm. The pseudoaneurysm emerged following focal injection of methotrexate (MTX) and potassium chloride with systemic MTX treatment. Due to a risk of sudden bleeding, uterine artery embolization (UAE) was recommended, but the patient hoped to avoid this if possible. Because the serum human chorionic gonadotropin level and the gestational sac were still persistent, dilation and curettage were performed with interventional radiologists on standby...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142782/massive-left-sided-congestive-colitis-due-to-idiopathic-inferior-mesenteric-arteriovenous-malformation
#6
Laura Martí Gelonch, Jose Maria Enríquez-Navascués, Tania Pastor Bonel, Yolanda Saralegui Ansorena
Arteriovenous malformations (AVM) of the inferior mesenteric artery are rare. They may be primary (congenital or idiopathic) or secondary (acquired) after trauma or of iatrogenic origin. Of the abdominal AVM, the inferior mesenteric trunk is the least commonly involved. Most reported cases are of iatrogenic origin, resulting from colon surgery. Only 17 cases have been described and published in the literature. The objective of this work is to make known a case treated in our center. We present a case of 73-year old male, who came to the emergency service with symptoms of abdominal distension, pain lasting 48 hours along with months of diarrhoea...
2017: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142540/clinical-audit-of-dengue-related-deaths-in-2011-mayo-hospital-lahore-pakistan
#7
Somia Iqtadar, Nabeel Akbar, Mehreen Mehmood, Sajid Abaidullah
Background and Objective: Dengue infection has evolved into an epidemic during last few years in Pakistan and has been associated with poor outcomes. Literature with respect to mortality risk factors in Dengue infection is not sufficient. This compelled us to conduct this study to find out major contributory factors to death in patients with dengue viral infection at one of Asia's ancient hospital setting with an aim to recognize complications at earliest and improve case management in future...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142527/a-massive-bleeding-from-a-duodenal-mass-what-treatment-option-should-be-chosen
#8
Duk Hwan Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137907/primary-aortoesophageal-fistula-a-fatal-outcome
#9
Yang Yang, Die Hu, Daoquan Peng
Aortoesophageal fistula is a rare but life-threatening cause of massive gastrointestinal bleeding. We reported a case of primary aortoesophageal fistula associated with thoracic aortic pseudoaneurysm. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy demonstrated a bulging erosive lesion coated with fibrin. The patient was therefore diagnosed as malignant esophageal mesenchymoma initially. An emergency contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed an out-pouching saccular aneurysm protruding toward the esophagus at the level of T8-9...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137047/massive-neonatal-intracranial-hemorrhage-caused-by-bromadiolone-a-case-report
#10
Mingsheng Ma, Mengqi Zhang, Xiaoyan Tang, Zhenghong Li
RATIONALE: Bromadiolone, often called a super-warfarin, is a potent rodenticide with long half-life. Skin and mucosal bleeding is the most common clinical manifestations of its intoxication. Bromadiolone intoxications in adults and children have been reported, but this phenomenon is rarely seen in fetuses. This paper presents a case of neonate with massive intracranial hemorrhage mediated by bromadiolone intoxication, highlighting that the bromadiolone is potentially lethal to the fetus...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137017/prognostic-value-of-glucose-metabolism-for-non-st-segment-elevation-infarction-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-single-concomitant-chronic-total-occlusion-following-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#11
Zhi Xing, Lei Zhang, Zhiqiang Liu, Pengyi He, Yuchun Yang, Muhuyati Wulasihan
Glucose metabolism status may play a predictive role in the severity of the complications among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). However, few studies have focused on the prognostic value of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and Homeostatic Model Assessment 2 for Insulin Resistance (HOMA2-IR) in patients with DM, non-ST-segment elevation infarction (NSTEMI), and single concomitant chronic total occlusion (CTO) following primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Short- and long-term prognostic value of HbA1c and HOMA2-IR in patients with DM with NSTEMI and single CTO who received primary percutaneous transluminal coronary intervention (pPCI)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132511/resuscitation-for-hypovolemic-shock
#12
REVIEW
Kyle J Kalkwarf, Bryan A Cotton
Hemorrhage is the leading cause of preventable deaths in trauma patients. After presenting a brief history of hemorrhagic shock resuscitation, this article discusses damage control resuscitation and its adjuncts. Massively bleeding patients in hypovolemic shock should be treated with damage control resuscitation principles including limited crystalloid, whole blood or balance blood component transfusion to permissive hypotension, preventing hypothermia, and stopping bleeding as quickly as possible.
December 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127751/-the-benefit-of-new-angiogenesis-bevacizumab-and-aflibercept-inhibitors-for-multiple-angiomatosis-therapy-a%C3%A2-case-report
#13
Dagmar Brančíková, Lenka Ostřížková, Zdeněk Adam, Tomáš Nebeský, Luděk Pour, Zdeněk Král, Jiří Mayer
Angiomatosis is a term for multiple, gradually proliferating hemangiomas (angiodysplasia), affecting multiple organs or tissues at the same time. We describe a 12-year course of treatment of a patient with multiple hemangiomas located in the abdomen, retroperitoneum, oesophagus, mediastinum and also in vertebrae. The diagnosis was made in 2005 within probatory laparotomy, at the age of 28 years. The treatment was commenced right after making the diagnosis with interferon α. Due to its adverse effects (fatigue, anorexia), the use of interferon α was limited to the first year, after which the interferon dose was gradually being reduced until it was discontinued completely...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124389/dry-field-maneuver-for-controlling-the-massive-intraventricular-bleeding-during-neuroendoscopic-procedures
#14
Tuncer Turhan
PURPOSE: Massive hemorrhages pose a significant problem in intraventricular endoscopic surgeries. These hemorrhages have the potential to cause mortality and morbidity, particularly in excisional surgeries. Often, the bleeding can be controlled only by cauterization and liquid irrigation, due to the incongruity of the use of antihemorrhagic agents in the fluid. The final option to stop the massive bleeding is the dry-field maneuver. In this study, the effects and clinical results of the dry-field maneuver in bleeding control of a massive bleeding were investigated...
November 9, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123911/perimortem-cesarean-delivery-and-subsequent-emergency-hysterectomy-new-strategy-for-maternal-cardiac-arrest
#15
Mayako Goto, Hiroaki Watanabe, Kazuhide Ogita, Tetsuya Matsuoka
Cases: Perimortem cesarean delivery (PMCD) is the only way to resuscitate pregnant women in cardiac arrest, and has been found to increase maternal resuscitation rate by increasing circulating plasma volume. However, many obstetricians have not experienced a case of PMCD, as situations requiring it are rare. We report our strategy for cases of maternal cardiac arrest, on the basis of a review of published work, and present two case reports from our medical center. Outcomes: In case 1, PMCD led to death by massive bleeding...
October 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123850/delayed-massive-epistaxis-from-traumatic-intracranial-aneurysm-after-blunt-facial-injury
#16
Hajime Nakamura, Toshiyuki Fujinaka, Osamu Tasaki, Toshiki Yoshimine
Cases: Traumatic intracranial aneurysm following blunt head injury is uncommon but can be induced by extension of skull base fracture and causes unexpected hemorrhagic complications. We present two cases of traumatic intracranial aneurysm in the paraclinoid area that was revealed by delayed massive epistaxis. Lack of initial neurological deficits omitted screening for cerebrovascular injury. Outcome: Internal trapping was carried out using endovascular techniques in both cases, with extracranial-intracranial bypass in one case...
January 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123846/two-cases-of-cryptogenic-life-threatening-hemoptysis-identification-and-management-of-bleeding-point
#17
Kazunori Okuda, Jun Tanaka, Jun Okamoto, Fumihisa Kishi, Junichiro Nakagawa, Hiroshi Hino, Satoru Chujoh, Kazuhisa Shimadzu, Masafumi Kishimoto, Noboru Kato, Shigeru Shiono
Cases: Case 1: A 63-year-old woman was referred for coughing blood. Although cardiorespiratory dynamics were stabilized by artificial respiration under sedation, severely poor ventilation developed from asphyxia associated with massive respiratory tract hemorrhage. One-lung ventilation was temporarily secured by endotracheal tube insertion into the left main bronchus just prior to cardiopulmonary arrest.Case 2: A 72-year-old man was referred for massive hemoptysis after coughing, then intubated and placed on a respirator...
January 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112094/thrombelastography-early-amplitudes-in-bleeding-and-coagulopathic-trauma-patients-results-from-a-multicenter-study
#18
Thomas H Laursen, Martin A S Meyer, Anna Sina P Meyer, Tina Gaarder, Paal A Naess, Jakob Stensballe, Sisse R Ostrowski, Pär I Johansson
BACKGROUND: Early amplitudes in the viscoelastic hemostatic assays Thrombelastography (TEG) and Rotation Thromboelastometry (ROTEM) provide fast results, which is critical in resuscitation of bleeding patients. This study investigated associations between TEG early amplitudes and standard TEG variables in a large multicenter cohort of moderately to severely injured trauma patients admitted at three North European level 1 Trauma Centers. METHODS: Prospective observational study of 404 trauma patients with clinical suspicion of severe injury from London, UK, Copenhagen, Denmark and Oslo, Norway...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109873/the-traumatic-tube-bleeding-rectal-ulcer-caused-by-flexi-seal-device
#19
Abhinav Tiwari, Himani Sharma, Khola Qamar, Yaseen Alastal, Thomas Sodeman, Ali Nawras
Diarrhea and fecal incontinence are common in critically ill patients and present a challenging problem in patient management. The Flexi-Seal® Fecal Management System is a device to divert the stools away from the patient, thus improving the care to patients with fecal incontinence. There have been only few case reports describing the complications with the use of this device. Here, we present a case of a 77-year-old woman who was admitted due to massive hematochezia while on anticoagulation. She was found to have a large rectal ulcer caused by the Flexi-Seal device, used during the last hospital stay for fecal incontinence...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107853/the-effect-of-tranexamic-acid-to-reduce-blood-loss-and-transfusion-on-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-cumulative-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Zhao Dai, Haichen Chu, Shiduan Wang, Yongxin Liang
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of tranexamic acid (TA) on off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. DESIGN: Meta-analysis. SETTING: Operating room, OPCAB surgery, all surgeries were elective measurements. Searching the following data sources respectively: PubMed/MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE and reference lists of identified articles, we performed a meta-analysis of postoperative 24h blood loss, postoperative allogeneic transfusion, re-operation for massive bleeding, postoperative mortality, and postoperative thrombotic complications...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
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