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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923223/intestinal-pneumatosis-associated-with-tuberculosis-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#1
Vivek Venkataramani, Ali Seif Amir Hosseini, Marco H Schulze, Lorenz Trümper, Gerald Wulf, Ulrike Bacher, Wolfram Jung
Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI), defined as intestinal intra- and extramural gas accumulation, is a rare radiographic finding in conditions of intestinal wall damage of varied etiology. Here, we report on a 56-year-old female with multiple myeloma who presented with undulating fever, fluctuating abdominal symptoms, and a distended abdomen 5 months after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Abdominal X-ray and CT scan documented PI with gas accumulation both in the intestinal and colonic bowel walls...
December 7, 2016: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920850/choledochoduodenal-fistula-in-the-setting-of-crohn-s-disease
#2
Shane Knipping, Ravi Rajpoot, Roozbeh Houshyar
Of all the spontaneous fistulas that occur between the extrahepatic biliary system and the intestine, a choledochoduodenal fistula is rarely seen. When it does occur, it is most often secondary to a perforated duodenal ulcer, choledocholithiasis, or cholelithiasis. It may also be seen following complications related to iatrogenic injury or tuberculosis. Generally, choledochoduodenal fistulas are asymptomatic, but may present with vague abdominal pain, fever, and other symptoms related to cholangitis. As a result, they can be difficult to diagnose clinically before imaging is obtained...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900335/a-rare-presentation-of-peritoneal-tuberculosis-mimicking-malignancy
#3
Thein Swe, Akari Thein Naing, Zaw Win Phyo, Malar Thwin
Our search of literature revealed combined elevations of serum cancer antigen 125 levels and rheumatoid factor levels in a patient with peritoneal tuberculosis has rarely been reported. Thus, we describe the case of a 63-year-old female with large abdominal ascites and malignancy was ruled out with biopsy. High levels of serum cancer antigen and rheumatoid factor were noted. Physicians should be aware that tuberculosis infection could induce elevation of rheumatoid factor levels in the absence of rheumatologic symptoms or disease...
October 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898351/a-case-report-of-small-bowel-obstruction-secondary-to-congenital-peritoneal-band-in-adult
#4
Yahmadi Abdelwahed, Rebii Saber, Ben Ismail Imen, Zenaidi Hakim, Zoghlami Ayoub
INTRODUCTION: Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is common in adult surgical procedures, mainly due to postoperative adhesions. Acute SBO in adults without history of abdominal surgery, trauma or clinical hernia is less common and has various etiologies. Congenital band is an extremely rare cause. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 56-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with a two-day history of abdominal pain and bilious vomiting. He had no history of abdominal surgery or any other medical problems...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891417/a-commonly-missed-well-known-entity-acute-intermittent-porphyria-a-case-report
#5
Smilu Mohanlal, Radha Gulati Ghildiyal, Alpana Kondekar, Poonam Wade, Richa Sinha
Acute Intermittent Porphyria (AIP) usually presents with abdominal pain, peripheral neuropathy and psychiatric manifestations. Incidence of AIP being 5 in 1,00,000. We present a case of an 11-year-old male child with multiple cranial nerve involvement, quadriparesis, focal convulsions, hypertension, hyponatremia with history of recurrent abdominal pain. His complete haemogram, ultrasonography (USG) abdomen, renal function tests were normal, he was also evaluated for tuberculosis which was negative. On further evaluation Electroencephalography (EEG) was suggestive of a generalised seizure disorder, MRI Brain suggestive of Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES), Electromyography revealed a sensory motor axonal polyneuropathy and urine UV fluoresence test was positive for porphobilinogen which clinched the diagnosis of AIP...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872320/pott-s-disease-a-major-issue-for-an-unaccompanied-refugee-minor
#6
Cihan Papan, Ulrich von Both, Matthias Kappler, Birgit Kammer, Matthias Griese, Johannes Huebner
The incidence of TB in children in Germany has been on a rise since 2008, especially among foreign-born individuals. With rapidly increasing numbers of refugees from the numerous areas of conflict, this increase in incidence is not expected to halt, neither in Germany nor in Europe in general. We report a case of insufficient tracking in a 16-year-old unaccompanied refugee minor from Somalia who had a positive interferon γ release assay on arrival in Germany. No actions were undertaken, until 6 months later, an X-ray showed prominent hilar enlargement...
November 21, 2016: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871010/diagnostic-challenges-in-a-patient-with-myocardial-tuberculoma-a-case-report
#7
Olof Säll, Soon-Ok Cha, Hans Holmberg
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis can affect any organ of the body, including the heart. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 18-year old woman presented with a multifocal tuberculosis infection involving abdominal lymph nodes, a sternotomy wound, an abscess of the abdominal wall and most notably a myocardial tuberculoma. Establishing the diagnosis of the myocardial tuberculoma was challenging mainly due to the location within the heart. Initially a diagnostic percutaneous femoral vascular catheter guided biopsy of the right atrial mass was performed, but later open surgery involving median sternotomy was needed...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865222/endometrial-tuberculosis-simulating-an-ovarian-cancer-a-case-report
#8
Silvia Eleonora Di Giovanni, Teresa Margarida Cunha, Ana Luisa Duarte, Ines Alves
Female genital tuberculosis remains a major health problem in developing countries and is an important cause of infertility. As symptoms, laboratory data and physical findings are non-specific, its diagnosis can be difficult. We describe a case of a 39-year-old woman suffering from peri-umbilical pain and increased abdominal size for one year, anorexia, asthenia, weight loss, occasionally dysuria and dyspareunia, and four months amenorrhea. Laboratory data revealed cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) level of 132.3 U/mL, erythrocyte sedimentation rate of 42 mm/h, and gamma-globulins of 2...
June 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853495/giant-omental-cyst-lymphangioma-mimicking-ascites-and-tuberculosis
#9
Asuman Nur Karhan, Tutku Soyer, Altan Gunes, Beril Talim, Ibrahim Karnak, Berna Oguz, Inci Nur Saltik Temizel
Omental and mesenteric cysts are both rare pathologies in children. Children who have omental cysts usually display symptoms of abdominal distension, with or without a palpable mass. The mass can simulate ascites on clinical observation, or tuberculosis on radiological images. The optimal treatment for this condition is complete resection. The presenting symptoms of abdominal distension and the simulation of septated ascites and abdominal tuberculosis are unusual. Reported cases in the literature usually display symptoms of abdominal distension, abdominal pain, painless mass or possible ascites...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848101/-evaluation-of-the-benefit-of-different-complementary-exams-in-the-search-for-a-tb-diagnosis-algorithm-for-hiv-patients-put-on-art-in-niamey-niger
#10
E Ouedraogo, G Lurton, S Mohamadou, I Dillé, I Diallo, S Mamadou, E Adehossi, Y Hanki, O Tchousso, M Arzika, O Gazeré, F Amadou, N Illo, Y Abdourahmane, M Idé, Z Alhousseini, F Lamontagne, C Deze, E D'Ortenzio, S Diallo
In Niger, the tuberculosis (TB) screening among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLHIV) is nonsystematic and the use of additional tests is very often limited. The objective of this research is to evaluate the performance and the cost-effectiveness of various paraclinical testing strategies of TB among adult patients with HIV, using available tests in routine for patients cared in Niamey. This is a multicentric prospective intervention study performed in Niamey between 2010 and 2013. TB screening has been sought in newly diagnosed PLHIV, before ART treatment, performing consistently: a sputum examination by MZN (Ziehl-Nielsen staining) and microscopy fluorescence (MIF), chest radiography (CR), and abdominal ultrasound...
November 15, 2016: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843238/optic-neuritis-with-secondary-retinal-venous-stasis-in-a-case-of-abdominal-tuberculosis
#11
Harshika Chawla, Vishal Vohra, Praveen Malik
The authors report a case of unilateral optic neuritis along with secondary retinal venous stasis in a patient diagnosed with abdominal tuberculosis. Patient presented with diminished visual acuity, colour perception and Marcus Gunn pupillary response, pointing towards optic nerve involvement. Associated findings of disc edema, dilated and tortuous veins, along with hemorrhages on disc and superotemporal quadrant made diagnosis of retinal venous stasis secondary to optic neuritis imperative. The visual outcome of the patient paralleled that expected with optic neuritis...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807553/a-rare-case-of-isolated-pancreatic-tuberculosis
#12
Daniel J Waintraub, Lionel S D'Souza, Emilio Madrigal, Manju Harshan, Gil I Ascunce
Pancreatic tuberculosis (TB) is a rare but important entity to consider when evaluating a pancreatic mass, especially in patients from endemic areas. Its clinical and radiologic features may mimic those of a pancreatic neoplasm, making it a difficult clinical diagnosis. We present a case of a 31-year-old Indian man who presented with fevers, night sweats, weight loss, and epigastric pain. Abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a pancreatic head mass. Biopsy of the mass was consistent with pancreatic tuberculosis...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807019/abdominal-tuberculosis-an-old-disease-surprising-young-doctors
#13
Marta David Sousa, Joana Batista, Patricia Pacheco, Vitor Nunes
Tuberculosis remains a worldwide public health concern. Atypical extrapulmonary presentations may delay the diagnosis and treatment. We present the case of an adult woman admitted to the emergency department with bowel obstruction. The putative intraoperative diagnostic hypothesis was ovarian cancer with peritoneal dissemination. Histopathological analysis showed a chronic granulomatous inflammatory disease with acid-fast bacilli. The patient was started on an alternative parenteral antituberculosis drug combination until oral feeding was available...
November 2, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801499/six-month-therapy-for-abdominal-tuberculosis
#14
REVIEW
Sophie Jullien, Siddharth Jain, Hannah Ryan, Vineet Ahuja
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) of the gastrointestinal tract and any other organ within the abdominal cavity is abdominal TB, and most guidelines recommend the same six-month regimen used for pulmonary TB for people with this diagnosis. However, some physicians are concerned whether a six-month treatment regimen is long enough to prevent relapse of the disease, particularly in people with gastrointestinal TB, which may sometimes cause antituberculous drugs to be poorly absorbed. On the other hand, longer regimens are associated with poor adherence, which could increase relapse, contribute to drug resistance developing, and increase costs to patients and health providers...
November 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796776/hepatic-and-intra-abdominal-tuberculosis-2016-update
#15
REVIEW
Richard P T Evans, Moustafa Mabrouk Mourad, Lee Dvorkin, Simon R Bramhall
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) infection affects nearly 10 million people a year and causes 1.5 million deaths. TB is common in the immunosuppressed population with 12 % of all new diagnoses occurring in human immune deficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients. Extra-pulmonary TB occurs in 12 % of patients with active TB infection of which 3.5 % is hepatobiliary and 6-38 % is intra-abdominal. Hepatobiliary and intra-abdominal TB can present with a myriad of non-specific symptoms, and therefore, diagnosis requires a high level of suspicion...
December 2016: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776947/-paradoxical-reaction-following-antituberculosis-therapy-in-immunocompetent-patient
#16
S Bacha, M Khemiri, H Racil, S Hantous, N Chaouch, S Cheikhrouhou, A Chabbou, M L Megdiche
INTRODUCTION: The features of paradoxical reactions (PR) that occurred in non-HIV infected patients are rare and not well known. CASE REPORT: The authors reported the case of a 21years old, non-immunocompromised, and HIV negative patient treated for disseminated tuberculosis. PR occurred after 8months after initiation of antituberculous treatment. PR presented as left cervical lymphadenopathy, pulmonary, pleural, costal and spinal location of the tuberculosis. The antituberculous drugs were prolonged...
October 21, 2016: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730779/abdominal-tuberculosis
#17
Pravin Rathi, Pravir Gambhire
Abdomen is involved in 11% of patients with extra-pulmonary tuberculosis; The most common site of involvement is the ileocaecal region, other locations of involvement, in order of descending frequency, are the ascending colon, jejunum, appendix, duodenum, stomach, oesophagus, sigmoid colon, and rectum. Apart from the basic work up, Investigations like CT scan, EUS, Capsule endoscopy, Balloon enteroscopy, Ascitic fluid ADA, TB-PCR, GeneXpert, Laproscopy are being increasingly used to diagnose tuberculosis.Therapy with standard antituberculous drugs is usually highly effective for intestinal TB...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717950/eosinophilic-cystitis-and-cholangitis-systemic-disease-triggered-by-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#18
Piotr Buda, Ryszard Grenda, Anna Wieteska-Klimczak, Piotr Gietka, Lidia Skobejko-Włodarska, Karina Felberg, Janusz Książyk
Eosinophilic cystitis (EC) is a rare inflammatory disorder of the urinary tract characterized by infiltration of bladder with eosinophils. The cause remains unclear, immunological mechanisms have been implicated in pathogenesis. Potential etiological factors include: tumors, allergy, parasitic infections, trauma. The disease may have a variable course, from a mild self-limiting, through common symptoms like: dysuria, hematuria, abdominal pain, tumor, to severe renal failure, with eosinophilic infiltration of the other organs and systemic complications...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670679/tuberculous-spondylitis-diagnosed-through-xpert-mtb-rif-assay-in-urine-a-case-report
#19
George Sikalengo, Adria Ramirez, Diana Faini, Kim Mwamelo, Manuel Battegay, Levan Jugheli, Christoph Hatz, Klaus Reither, Emilio Letang
BACKGROUND: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis of EPTB is challenging in resource-limited settings due to difficulties in obtaining samples, as well as the paucibacillarity of the specimens. Skeletal tuberculosis accounts for 10-35 % of EPTB cases, with vertebral osteomyelitis (Pott's disease) representing 50 % of the cases. We present two cases of suspected Pott's disease, diagnosed through GeneXpert MTB/RIF assay in urine at a rural Tanzanian hospital...
September 26, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638822/-extrathoracic-manifestations-of-tuberculosis
#20
D Kienzl-Palma, H Prosch
CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Besides the lungs, tuberculosis (TB) can affect any organ system. In most cases, extrathoracic TB occurs in immunosuppressed patients as part of a severe illness via hematogenous spread. Extrathoracic involvement most commonly involves abdominal organs, especially the urogenital tract and less commonly the central nervous system (CNS) and the musculoskeletal system. Most frequently, computed tomography (CT) is used for detecting extrathoracic TB manifestations, except for CNS and musculoskeletal manifestations, where contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard...
October 2016: Der Radiologe
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