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Cheng-Lin Yang, Sheng-Dong Zhao, Yue-Sheng Wang
In this paper, experimental evidence of large complete bandgaps in a kind of light-weighted zig-zag lattice structure (ZLS) is presented. Ultrasonic experiments are conducted on the stainless steel slab designed with ZLS to detect the complete bandgaps. Also, the numerical simulations of the experiments by the finite element method are carried out. For comparison, we conduct the same experiments and numerical simulations on the stainless steel slab with straight lattice structure (SLS). Good agreement is obtained between the experimental and numerical results...
October 8, 2016: Ultrasonics
Takahiro Sakurai, Ryo Saiki, Rong Jia Wei, Graham N Newton, Takuya Shiga, Hiroki Oshio
A series of bimetallic oxalate-bridged one-dimensional chains with monocationic dabco derivatives, ({R-dabco}[M(solv)2][Cr(ox)3]·n(solv)) (dabco = 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane, H2ox = oxalate; R = H, M = Co (1); R = H, M = Zn (2); R = Bu, M = Co (3); R = Bu, M = Zn (4)) were synthesized. All compounds have one-dimensional zig-zag chain structures with R-dabco cations located between chains. Cryomagnetic studies reveal that 1 and 3 showed intrachain ferromagnetic interactions between Co(ii) and Cr(iii) ions and metamagnetic behaviour due to interchain antiferromagnetic interactions...
October 18, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Rui Cheng, Lu Zhu, Weijie Huang, Leidong Mao, Yiping Zhao
A controlled configurational change of micro-clusters in suspensions is essential for many smart material applications. In this paper, the dynamic process of ferromagnetic microrod clusters (FMRCs) under an external magnetic field was studied as a function of the cluster size N and the applied field B. The FMRCs rearranged from a side-by-side raft-like structure to an end-to-end chain-like structure, originating from coupled motions through the field-driven alignment of both ferromagnetic microrods and FMRCs...
October 12, 2016: Soft Matter
Marco Smerieri, Igor Píš, Lara Ferrighi, Silvia Nappini, Angelique Lusuan, Cristiana Di Valentin, Luca Vaghi, Antonio Papagni, Mattia Cattelan, Stefano Agnoli, Elena Magnano, Federica Bondino, Letizia Savio
By a combination of scanning tunneling microscopy, X-ray spectroscopic techniques and density functional theory calculations, we prove the formation of extended patterns of parallel, graphene nanoribbons with alternate zig-zag and armchair edges and selected width by surface-assisted Ullmann coupling polymerization and dehydrogenation of 1,6-dibromopyrene (C16H8Br2). Besides the relevance of these nanostructures for their possible application in nanodevices, we demonstrate the peculiarity of halogenated pyrene derivatives for the formation of nanoribbons, in particular on Ag(110)...
October 6, 2016: Nanoscale
Amalia Katafigioti, Ioannis Katafigiotis, Stavros Sfoungaristos, Christos Alamanis, Konstantinos Stravodimos, Ioannis Anastasiou, Eleni Roumelioti, Mordechai Duvdevani, Constantinos Constantinides
OBJECTIVE: To search which category of proteins can be detected in urine in order to examine subsequently its ability to improve our accuracy for the diagnosis of Prostate Cancer (PCa) as biomarkers in clinical useful fluids like urine and serum. Material and method(s): Urine samples of 127 patients were obtained after a vigorous transrectal prostatic massage to both lobes. The patients were considered to have a high risk for PCa according to their PSA (> 4 ng/ml), their digital rectal examination (DRE) (positive for suspicious prostatic lesions) or to their abnormal PSA kinetics (PSA velocity (PSAV > 0...
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Zhengjia Wang, Jiahao Chen, Symon M Gathiaka, Stephanie Oyola-Reynoso, Martin Thuo
Surface roughness, often captured through root-mean-square roughness (Rrms), has been shown to impact the quality of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) formed on coinage metals. Understanding the effect of roughness on hydrophobicity of SAMs, however, is complicated by the odd-even effect-a zigzag oscillation in contact angles with changes in molecular length. We recently showed that for surfaces with Rrms > 1 nm, the odd-even effect in hydrophobicity cannot be empirically observed. In this report, we compare wetting properties of SAMs on Ag and Au surfaces of different morphologies across the Rrms ∼ 1 nm limit...
October 11, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
M D Belando, A Marín, M Aboal, A J García-Fernández, L Marín-Guirao
The effects of multiple stressors on marine diatom assemblages are still poorly understood. The interactive effects of metals and nutrients were assessed in two coastal biofilms grown at a reference site and a historically contaminated site. The biofilms were exposed in situ to pulse exposures of metals (Zn and Pb) and nutrients (N and P) individually and in combination to mimic patterns of discharge in the study area. The reference community's structure (composition and abundance of taxa) was modified after metals and/or nutrients exposure, but each stressor acted in different way...
September 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Beatrice Fantini, Francesco Faglioni
Extremely short (<1 nm) fragments of zig-zag carbon nanotubes are studied with ab-initio techniques to determine their geometric and electronic structure as well as their magnetic susceptibility. It is found that for lengths of a few carbon-carbon bonds, each fragment can be viewed as composed of crowns, that is, zig-zag rings of carbon atoms along the circumference of the tube. In this case, two kinds of electronic structures are found, depending on whether the number of carbon atoms in each crown is even or odd...
October 17, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Xin Liao, Xuemei Wang, Haopeng Li, Ling Li, Guohao Zhang, Mengliu Yang, Lei Yuan, Hua Liu, Gangyi Yang, Lin Gao
ZAG has recently been characterized as a potent metabolic regulator, but the effect of anti-diabetic agents on ZAG in humans remains unknown. Our aim was to study the effects of SGLT2 inhibitor on circulating ZAG and ADI in nT2DM. 162 subjects with nT2DM were treated by a placebo or DAPA. After 3-months of DAPA therapy, HbA1c, FBG, 2h-PBG, FFA, TG, blood pressure, BMI, WHR, body weight, FAT%, FINS, and HOMA-IR in T2DM patients decreased significantly, whereas HDL-C was significantly increased. Importantly, circulating ZAG and ADI levels in these patients were also significantly increased after DAPA therapy...
2016: Scientific Reports
Ya-Ping Lee, Chin-Hao Chang, Heng-Hsiu Liu, Chin-Ying Chen, Ching-Yu Chen, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Ching-I Chang, Yen-Ting Lin, Chung-Sheng Lee, Jaw-Shiun Tsai
Frailty is a geriatric syndrome associated with adiposity. Zinc alpha2-glycoprotein (ZAG), a novel adipokine, is a modulator of body fat mass and positively correlates with age. This observational study aims to investigate the relationship between plasma ZAG levels and frailty in the elderly.We enrolled 189 elder participants from a hospital-based comprehensive geriatric assessment program in Taiwan from January 2007 to June 2008. The demographic data, body weight, body mass index, appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (ASMI), body fat mass percentage, metabolic and inflammatory parameters including plasma tumor-necrosis factor alpha, C-reactive protein and ZAG levels, were assessed...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ananth Govind Rajan, Vishnu Sresht, Agilio A H Padua, Michael S Strano, Daniel Blankschtein
The existence of partially ionic bonds in molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), as opposed to covalent bonds in graphene, suggests that polar (electrostatic) interactions should influence the interfacial behavior of two-dimensional MoS2 surfaces. In this work, using molecular dynamics simulations, we show that electrostatic interactions play a negligible role in determining not only the equilibrium contact angle on the MoS2 basal plane, which depends solely on the total interaction energy between the surface and the liquid, but also the friction coefficient and the slip length, which depend on spatial variations in the interaction energy...
August 30, 2016: ACS Nano
Bin Yang, James S Sharp, Mike I Smith
Films formed through the drying of nanoparticle suspensions release the build-up of strain through a variety of different mechanisms including shear banding, crack formation and delamination. Here we show that important connections exist between these different phenomena: delamination depends on the dynamics of crack hopping, which in turn is influenced by the presence of shear bands. We also show that delamination does not occur uniformly across the film. As cracks hop they locally initiate the delamination of the film which warps with a timescale much longer than that associated with the hopping of cracks...
2016: Scientific Reports
Tashalee R Brown, Trine Krogh-Madsen, David J Christini
Fibroblasts play a significant role in the development of electrical and mechanical dysfunction of the heart; however, the underlying mechanisms are only partially understood. One widely studied mechanism suggests that fibroblasts produce excess extracellular matrix, resulting in collagenous septa that slow propagation, cause zig-zag conduction paths, and decouple cardiomyocytes, resulting in a substrate for cardiac arrhythmia. An emerging mechanism suggests that fibroblasts promote arrhythmogenesis through direct electrical interactions with cardiomyocytes via gap junction (GJ) channels...
August 23, 2016: Biophysical Journal
Yuichi Hirai, Takayuki Nakanishi, Yuichi Kitagawa, Koji Fushimi, Tomohiro Seki, Hajime Ito, Yasuchika Hasegawa
Novel Eu(III) coordination polymers [Eu(hfa)3 (dpt)]n (dpt: 2,5-bis(diphenylphosphoryl)thiophene) and [Eu(hfa)3 (dpedot)]n (dpedot: 2,5-bis(diphenylphosphoryl)ethylenedioxythiophene) with hydrogen-bonded zipper structures are reported. The coordination polymers are composed of Eu(III) ions, hexafluoroacetylacetonato ligands, and thiophene-based phosphine oxide bridges. The zig-zag orientation of single polymer chains induced the formation of densely packed coordination structures with multiple intermolecular interactions, resulting in thermal stability above 300 °C...
September 19, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
J Lu, E Bartholomeeusen, B F Sels, D Schryvers
Optical microscopy, focused ion beam and transmission electron microscopy are combined to study the internal architecture in a coffin-shaped ZSM-5 crystal showing an hourglass contrast in optical microscopy. Based on parallel lamellas from different positions in the crystal, the orientation relationships between the intergrowth components of the crystal are studied and the internal architecture and growth mechanism are illustrated. The crystal is found to contain two pyramid-like components aside from a central component...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Microscopy
Pongsakorn Kanjanatanin, Rath Pichyangkura, Surasak Chunsrivirot
BACKGROUND: Levan and levan-type fructo-oligosaccharides (LFOs) have various potential applications in pharmaceutical and food industries due to their beneficial properties such as their low intrinsic viscosity and high water solubility. Previous studies showed that they exhibited prebiotic effects, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activities against Sarcoma-180 tumor cells of human. Despite their various potential applications, the structural and molecular properties of LFOs of various chain lengths are not well understood...
2016: BMC Bioinformatics
Ming-Yuan Zhang, Zhenxing Wang, Tao Yang, Yuexing Zhang, Xiong-Feng Ma, Yi-Chen Sun, Zhong-Wen Ouyang, Mohamedally Kurmoo, Ming-Hua Zeng
Two polymorphs of supramolecular isomers, a discrete dimer and a zig-zag chain, having the same chemical composition, [Mn(Hbit)Cl2 ] (Hbit=1-methyl-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazole), were obtained solvothermally in a one-pot synthesis. The isomers differ in a number of ways: orange blocks versus pale-yellow needles, triclinic P1‾ versus orthorhombic Pbcn, double μ2 -Cl versus alternate single and triple μ2 -Cl, coordination number 5 versus 6, and antiparallel versus parallel near-neighbor orientation of Hbit...
September 19, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Nikita Tarasov, Auro M Perego, Dmitry V Churkin, Kestutis Staliunas, Sergei K Turitsyn
Emergence of coherent structures and patterns at the nonlinear stage of modulation instability of a uniform state is an inherent feature of many biological, physical and engineering systems. There are several well-studied classical modulation instabilities, such as Benjamin-Feir, Turing and Faraday instability, which play a critical role in the self-organization of energy and matter in non-equilibrium physical, chemical and biological systems. Here we experimentally demonstrate the dissipative Faraday instability induced by spatially periodic zig-zag modulation of a dissipative parameter of the system-spectrally dependent losses-achieving generation of temporal patterns and high-harmonic mode-locking in a fibre laser...
2016: Nature Communications
Stefano Romagnoli, Giovanni Zagli, Zaccaria Ricci, Gianluca Villa, Francesco Barbani, Fulvio Pinelli, Raffaele De Gaudio, Cosimo Chelazzi
The iLA-activve(®) Novalung is a new extracorporeal device specifically designed for lung support in patients with hypercapnic and/or hypoxemic respiratory failure. To date, only low-flow applications for decompensated hypercapnic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have been reported in the literature. Here, we briefly report three cases of iLA-activve use in patients with hypercapnic-hypoxemic acute lung failure assisted with mid-flow (up to 2.4 L/min) and different single/double venous cannulation. The main findings of our small case series were: firstly, extracorporeal blood flows over 2...
July 20, 2016: Perfusion
C Stock, E E Rodriguez, N Lee, M A Green, F Demmel, R A Ewings, P Fouquet, M Laver, Ch Niedermayer, Y Su, K Nemkovski, J A Rodriguez-Rivera, S-W Cheong
CaFe_{2}O_{4} is a S=5/2 anisotropic antiferromagnet based upon zig-zag chains having two competing magnetic structures, denoted as the A (↑↑↓↓) and B (↑↓↑↓) phases, which differ by the c-axis stacking of ferromagnetic stripes. We apply neutron scattering to demonstrate that the competing A and B phase order parameters result in magnetic antiphase boundaries along c which freeze on the time scale of ∼1  ns at the onset of magnetic order at 200 K. Using high resolution neutron spectroscopy, we find quantized spin wave levels and measure 9 such excitations localized in regions ∼1-2 c-axis lattice constants in size...
July 1, 2016: Physical Review Letters
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