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Knee, shoulder, elbow, hip arthroscopy,

Kevin J DiSilvestro, Adam J Santoro, Fotios P Tjoumakaris, Eric A Levicoff, Kevin B Freedman
BACKGROUND: Patients often ask their doctors when they can safely return to driving after orthopaedic injuries and procedures, but the data regarding this topic are diverse and sometimes conflicting. Some studies provide observer-reported outcome measures, such as brake response time or simulators, to estimate when patients can safely resume driving after surgery, and patient survey data describing when patients report a return to driving, but they do not all agree. We performed a systematic review and quality appraisal for available data regarding when patients are safe to resume driving after common orthopaedic surgeries and injuries affecting the ability to drive...
December 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Mark S Hsiao, Nicholas Kusnezov, Ryan N Sieg, Brett D Owens, Joshua P Herzog
Since its inception, arthroscopic surgery has become widely adopted among orthopedic surgeons. It is therefore important to have an understanding of the basic principles of arthroscopy. Compared with open techniques, arthroscopic procedures are associated with smaller incisions, less structural damage, improved intra-articular visualization, less pain in the immediate postoperative period, and faster recovery for patients. Pump systems used for arthroscopic surgery have evolved over the years to provide improved intraoperative visualization...
May 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Joseph A Gil, Gregory R Waryasz, Brett D Owens, Alan H Daniels
PURPOSE: To examine orthopaedic surgery case logs for arthroscopy case volume during residency training and to evaluate trends in case volume and variability over time. METHODS: Publicly available Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education surgical case logs from 2007 to 2013 for orthopaedic surgery residency were assessed for variability and case volume trends in shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, and ankle arthroscopy. The national average number of procedures performed in each arthroscopy category reported was directly compared from 2009 to 2013...
May 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Michael Pitta, William Davis, Evan H Argintar
Arthroscopic surgery is commonly performed in the knee, shoulder, elbow, and hip. However, the role it plays in the management of osteoarthritis is controversial. Routine arthroscopic management of osteoarthritis was once common, but this practice has been recently scrutinized. Although some believe that there is no role for arthroscopic treatment in the management of osteoarthritis, it may be appropriate and beneficial in certain situations. The clinical success of such treatment may be rooted in appropriate patient selection and adherence to a specific surgical technique...
February 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Luca Dei Giudici, Francesca Di Muzio, Carlo Bottegoni, Claudio Chillemi, Antonio Gigante
The management of articular fracture is always a matter of concern. While each articular fracture is different from one another, besides the classification system used and the surgical or non-surgical indication given by the specialist, main goals remain the same: anatomical reduction, stable fixation, loose body removal, and minimal invasiveness. Open procedures are the actual compromise, but unfortunately, it is not always possible to perfectly meet every treatment goal, associated lesions could pass unnoticed or delayed in treatment, and even in a best-case scenario, there could be several complications developing in the long term...
July 2015: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
F Aïm, J Delambre, T Bauer, P Hardy
BACKGROUND: Septic arthritis is a diagnostic and therapeutic emergency that threatens both life and function. The primary objective of this study was to assess the efficacy on the infectious process of arthroscopic treatment in patients with septic arthritis of native joints. The secondary objective was to identify factors predicting failure to achieve infection resolution after arthroscopic treatment. We hypothesised that arthroscopy was the appropriate treatment strategy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-six cases of septic arthritis in 46 patients with a mean age of 46 years (range, 18-72 years) were retrospectively reviewed...
February 2015: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Eric R Henderson, Brandon Prioreschi, Ana Mata-Fink, John-Erik Bell
Orthopedic extremity surgery presents a unique set of restraints and difficulties relative to other surgical specialties. Among these is the positioning of heavy limbs in sometimes awkward positions for long periods of time. Ideal positioning of an extremity allows accurate and precise surgery to occur at otherwise difficult to access joints and proximal bones and soft tissues. Numerous solutions to this problem have been proposed, one such solution is the Smith and Nephew Spider Limb Positioning System. The table-mounted pneumatic arm features three fully articulating joints and a simple repositioning mechanism...
November 2014: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Christopher P Dougherty, Timothy Howard
Cost-effective analysis has become an important tool in helping determine what procedures are both cost-effective and appropriate in today's cost control health care. The quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) is a standard measure for health-related quality-of-life in medical cost-effectiveness research. It can be used to compare different interventions to determine the cost-effectiveness of each procedure. Use of QALY to compare health care interventions has become the new gold standard. The key words arthroscopy, cost-effectiveness analysis, QALY, shoulder, hip, knee, ankle, elbow, wrist, and pubic symphysis were searched utilizing PubMed and an internet search engine...
September 2013: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
Joseph W Greene, Ajit J Deshmukh, Fred D Cushner
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a relatively rare complication of arthroscopic surgery but has the potential to cause significant morbidity and even mortality. VTE has been reported after shoulder and knee arthroscopy prompting controversial guidelines to be proposed. More limited studies are available regarding hip and ankle arthroscopy and 1 case of deep venous thrombosis in the contralateral leg status after hip arthroscopy exists. No reports have been published regarding VTE after elbow or wrist arthroscopy to these authors' knowledge...
June 2013: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
Bereiter, Strobel, Sommer
Although arthroscopy of the knee joint had already been reported during the 1930's, the general dissemination of this method first began in the 1970's. The main reason for the rapid dissemination of this method was especially the fact that in addition to diagnostics, therapeutic possibilities were recognized and immediately implemented. This meant that arthroscopy had great potential and was made well known since the surgery was minimally invasive. Today we can assume that the technological side of the arthroscopic method is very widely developed and new innovations only arise slowly...
February 1, 2005: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Travis G Maak, Daniel Osei, Demetris Delos, Samuel Taylor, Russell F Warren, Andrew J Weiland
Peripheral nerve injuries during sports-related operative interventions are rare complications, but the associated morbidity can be substantial. Early diagnosis, efficient and effective evaluation, and appropriate management are crucial to maximizing the prognosis, and a clear and structured algorithm is therefore required. We describe the surgical conditions and interventions that are commonly associated with intraoperative peripheral nerve injuries. In addition, we review the common postoperative presentations of patients with these injuries as well as the anatomic structures that are directly injured or associated with these injuries during the operation...
August 15, 2012: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Matthew T Provencher, Maryam Navaie, Daniel J Solomon, Jessica C Smith, Anthony A Romeo, Brian J Cole
Although the disease was first described in the hip, reports of chondrolysis in nearly all diarthrodial joints have since emerged with considerable variations in the literature.Despite speculation among clinicians and researchers about the implicit causal pathways and etiologic contributors associated with chondrolysis, definitive answers remain elusive.The term chondrolysis has been applied to varied levels of joint cartilage destruction from focal chondral defects to diffuse cartilage loss, revealing a lack of consistency in the application of diagnostic criteria to guide differential disease classification...
November 2, 2011: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Chen Wang, Jun Lu
In this special issue, several papers related to clinical application of arthroscopic surgery are published, which present the current situation of arthroscopic techniques in our country. As a technique of minimally invasive orthopedics, arthroscopy is used in examination, diagnosis and treatment of joint diseases, which is the trend of modern surgery. Arthroscopy has been widely used in surgical procedures in knee diseases, and now it expands the scope of application to other joints, such as shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, ankle and even smaller joints...
September 2011: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Mubarak M Al-Shraim
Intra-articular lipoma arborescens (LA) is a rare entity that can present with monoarticular or polyarticular involvement of joints such as knees, ankles, hips, shoulders, and elbows. We describe a case in a 26-year-old man who presented with intermittent pain and swelling of the left knee joint for the previous 2 years. Physical examination showed only tenderness over the medial line of the left knee joint. MRI found only joint effusion; therefore, the patient was referred to the orthopedic clinic where he underwent arthroscopy, which revealed a diffuse yellow soft tissue synovial papillary growth involving both medial and lateral gutters of the suprapatellar pouch...
March 2011: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Kivanc Atesok, M Nedim Doral, Terry Whipple, Gideon Mann, Omer Mei-Dan, O Ahmet Atay, Yiftah Beer, Joseph Lowe, Michael Soudry, Emil H Schemitsch
PURPOSE: the purpose of this article was to systematically analyze the results of published studies in the literature which evaluated the use of arthroscopically assisted techniques in intra-articular fracture fixation. METHODS: published investigations to date were analyzed by classifying them according to joints that were involved with intra-articular fractures including: knee, ankle, hip, shoulder, elbow, and wrist joints. The results were studied to assess the feasibility, efficiency, and outcomes of arthroscopy-assisted fracture fixation...
February 2011: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Asheesh Bedi, Joshua Dines, David M Dines, Bryan T Kelly, Stephen J O'Brien, David W Altchek, Answorth A Allen
The vast majority of common arthroscopic procedures are performed with a 30° arthroscope for visualization. Although the 70° arthroscope has been described for a myriad of applications, its utility has recently been forgotten. We have explored the use of the 70° arthroscope for a myriad of arthroscopic procedures and identified a number of circumstances in which it offers superior visualization to a 30° arthroscope. These procedures include arthroscopic shoulder stabilization, distal clavicle resection, acromioclavicular joint reconstruction, rotator cuff repair, elbow arthroscopy, anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, arthroscopy of the posterior knee compartments, hip arthroscopy, and subdeltoid shoulder arthroscopy...
December 2010: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Nicola Maffulli, Umile Giuseppe Longo, Nikolaos Gougoulias, Dennis Caine, Vincenzo Denaro
Injuries can counter the beneficial aspects related to sports activities if an athlete is unable to continue to participate because of residual effects of injury. We provide an updated synthesis of existing clinical evidence of long-term follow-up outcome of sports injuries. A systematic computerized literature search was conducted on following databases were accessed: PubMed, Medline, Cochrane, CINAHL and Embase databases. At a young age, injury to the physis can result in limb deformities and leg-length discrepancy...
2011: British Medical Bulletin
Patrick N Siparsky, Mininder S Kocher
Arthroscopy continues to grow as a treatment modality for pediatric and adolescent orthopaedic pathologies. In recent years arthroscopic procedures previously reserved for adult patients have become more frequently used in the treatment of younger individuals. Advancements in arthroscopic instrumentation including smaller arthroscopes and tools have made the constraint of smaller joint spaces in the pediatric and adolescent populations less of a limiting factor when addressing surgical options for care. This is valuable considering the consistent increase in pediatric sports- and activity-related injuries, of which many are treatable arthroscopically...
December 2009: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
H Bereiter, M Strobel, Ch Sommer
Although arthroscopy of the knee joint had already been reported during the 1930's, the general dissemination of this method first began in the 1970's. The main reason for the rapid dissemination of this method was especially the fact that in addition to diagnostics, therapeutic possibilities were recognized and immediately implemented. This meant that arthroscopy had great potential and was made well known since the surgery was minimally invasive. Today we can assume that the technological side of the arthroscopic method is very widely developed and new innovations only arise slowly...
February 2005: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
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